Vietnam

Campaign Series: Vietnam is a new turn-based, tactical/operational war game that focuses on the Indochina War, Vietnam Civil War and the first years of US involvement in Vietnam with over 100 historical scenarios.

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Jason Petho
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Re: Vietnam

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Ongoing Operations today in 1967

26 Aug.66-20 Jan.68
Operation: BYRD
Location: Phan Thiet, LZ BETTY, Binh Thuan Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: I FFORCEV. Task organization: TF 2-7: 2-7 Cav, C/1-9 Cav, A/1-21 Art, C/2-20 Art (-), C/8th Eng Bn (-), C/229th Avn Bn, Det 228th Avn Bn. Execution: Planned as a short-term, economy-of-force measure, BYRD became a continuous offensive that would last into 1968. Upon I FFORCEV request, the 1st Cav Div detached at battalion-size task force to help pacify isolated Binh Thuan Province in southern II Corps. Results (at year's end): 351 enemy killed, 151 detained, 8 US KIA, 85 US WIA.

1 Oct.66-17 Jan 68
Operation: DAZZLEM
Location: Camp Radcliff, An Khe, Binh Dinh Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 1st Cav Div. Task organization: Base Defense Task Force. Execution: Operation DAZZLEM was the contingency plan for the defense of Camp Radcliff provided by one infantry battalion with supporting artillery and
reinforcing personnel from residence units. On 17 Jan 68, the 173d Abn Bde relieved the 1st Cav Div from the mission of defending An Khe. Results: 80 enemy killed, 9 detained.

11 Oct.66-17 Nov.67
Operation: UNIONTOWN II
Location: Long Binh, Bien Hoa Province Type: security. Controlling headquarters: II FFORCEV. Execution: Operation UNIONTOWN was a security operation designed to protect the Long Binh logistical complex, RMK Rock Quarry and II FFORCEV Headquarters. Units were assigned on a rotation basis from each major command under II FFORCEV.

30 Nov. 66-15 Dec.67
Operation: FAIRFAX/RANG DONG
Location: Nha Be, Thu Duc and Binh Chanh Districts, Gia Dinh Province. Type: pacification. Controlling headquarters: II FFORCEV, CMD. Task organization: 1st Inf Div (30 Nov 66-31 Jan 67): 2-16 Inf; 4th Inf Div (30 Nov 66-31 Jan 67): 3-22 Inf; 25th Inf Div (30 Nov 66-31 Jan 67): 4-9 Inf; CMD (30 Nov 66-31 Jan 67): 3rd and 5th ARVN Abn Bns, 30th Ranger Bn; 199th LIB (31 Jan-15 Dec.): 2-3 Inf, 3-7 Inf, 4-12 Inf, 2-40 Art; 5th ARVN Ranger Group (31 Jan.-15 Dec): 30th, 33rd and 38th ARVN Ranger Bns. Intelligence: Military Region 4, 165A PLAF Regiment. Execution: ... SEE ABOVE... Results (end of 1966): 149 enemy killed, 40 detained, 11 US KIA, 67 US WIA, 23 ARVN KIA, 58 ARVN WIA, 1 ARVN MIA.

1 Feb.-23 Sep.
Operation: LAM SON 142/AB/P3
Location: Quang Tri and Thua Thien Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 1st ARVN Div. Results: 435 enemy killed, 33 detained, 172 ARVN KIA, 420 ARVN WIA, 31 ARVN MIA.

8 Feb.67-31 Jan.68
Operation: LAM SON 67
Location: Phu Loi, An My, Ong Dong Jungle, Binh Duong, Bien Hoa and Gia Dinh Provinces. Type: search and destroy, cordon and search, saturation patrolling, security, jungle clearing. Controlling headquarters: 2d Bde, 1st Inf Div (8 Feb-17 Mar, 17 Apr 67-31 Jan 68); 3d Bde, 1st Inf Div (17 Mar-17 Apr). Task organization: 1st Inf Div Revolutionary Development Task Force (various infantry, cavalry and support units were assigned on a rotation basis during the period). Execution: The operation supported the GVN's Revolutionary Development Program in conjunction with ARVN units in Binh Duong, Bien Hoa and Gia Dinh Provinces. LAM SON 67 consisted of cordon and search, reconnaissance in force, harassment, jungle clearing, population control, civic action and psychological warfare operations directed against priority targets. Contact in the AO was characterized by light sporadic incidents with local VC elements. On 6 Jan 68, the Phu Loi base camp received 123 rounds of mixed mortar fire, 46 aircraft were damaged and 6 US WIA. Reacting to the attack, A/2-18 Inf and B/2-2 Inf (M) swept the area to the north of the base and contacted two enemy companies of the Phu Loi PLAF Bn. 92 enemy were killed, 4 US KIA and 14 US WIA. Operation LAM SON 67 was terminated on 31 Jan 68 with the beginning of the enemy's Tet Offensive. Results: 527 enemy killed, 263 captured, 2,327 detained, 346 defectors, 56 US KIA, 572 US WIA.

12 Feb. 67-18 Jan. 68
Operation: PERSHING
Location: Bong Son, Tuy An, Tam Quan, Hoa Tan, Sa Huynh, Truong Son, An Qui, Trung Xuan, An Lac, An Lao Valley, Kim Son Valley, Suoi Ca Valley, 506 Valley, Nuoc Dinh Valley, Phu My Valley, Song Re Valley, the Crescent, Nui Mieu, Nui Sang, Cay Giep, Dam Tra-O Lake, Route 1, LZ BRONCO BEACH, LZ CRYSTAL, LZ ENGLISH, LZ GARNET, LZ GERONIMO, LZ GLENN, LZ HAMMOND, LZ IRON, LZ MEADE, LZ PAT, LZ SANDRA, LZ STEEL, LZ TOM, LZ TWO BITS, LZ UPLIFT, Binh Dinh and Quang Ngai Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 1st Cav Div. Task organization (As of 12 Feb): 1 s t Bde: 1-8 Cav, 1-12 Cav, 5-7 Cav, 2-19 Art (-), D/2-17 Art, C/1-21 Art, A/3-18 Art; 2d Bde: 2-5 Cav, 1-5 Cav (-), 1-7 Cav (-), 2-12 Cav, 1-77 Art (-), B/1-8 Art, A/1-21 Art, C/1-30 Art, B/8th Eng; 3d Bde: 2-8 Cav, C/1-5 Cav, 1-21 Art (-), 2-17 Art (-), C/6-16 Art, C/2-19 Art, C/8th Eng; 3d Bde, 25 t h Inf Div (12 Feb-19 Apr): 1-14 Inf, 1-35 Inf, 2-35 Inf (4-19 Apr), 2-9 Art, A/1-77 Art, 5-16 Art, C/3-4 Cav, D/65th Eng; Div Arty: 2-20 Art (-), 7-13 Art (-), B/29 Art, E/82 Art, 3-18 Art (-); Div Troops: 1-9 Cav, 8th Eng Bn (-). Intelligence: 3rd PAVN Div: 18th and 22nd PAVN Rgts, 2nd PLAF Rgt. Execution: ... SEE ABOVE ... Results: 5,
388 enemy killed, 2,356 captured, 10,609 detained, 221 returnees, 852 US KIA, 4,119 US WIA, 22 US MIA.

13 Feb. 67-10 Mar. 68
Operation: ENTERPRISE
Location: Tan An, Rach Kien, Ben Luc, Binh Phuoc, Tan Tru, Doi Ma Creek, Plain of Reeds9, Base Area 371, Route 14, Long An Province. Type: search and destroy, cordon and search, saturation patrolling, eagle flights. Controlling headquarters: 3d Bde, 9th Inf Div. Task organization: 3-39 Inf, 2-60 Inf, 5-60 Inf (M), 2-4 Art, C/15th Eng. Intelligence: 2nd PLAF MF Bn, 506th PLAF LF Bn. Execution: ENTERPRISE was the continuation of the pacification effort of Long An Province initiated the previous year by the 25th Inf Div with Operation LANIKAI. On 13 Feb, 3-39 Inf relieved 2-14 Inf at Rach Kien. Strength of division elements in the province were subsequently increased to brigade size with movement of 2-60 Inf into Tan Tru, 5-60 Inf into Binh Phuoc and Headquarters, 3d Bde into Tan An. The first major engagement occurred on 9 Apr when 3-39 Inf made contact with the 506th PLAF Bn on the bank of Doi Ma Creek. Additional companies were brought in, killing 247 of the enemy. On 2 May, the 506th Bn exacted vengeance on the 3-39 Inf, attacking one of its companies in night defensive position near Route 4. 17 US were KIA and 48 WIA but no enemy bodies were found. The operation was temporarily extended north to the Plain of Reeds area on 8-14 May with sub-operation NIRVANA II directed against the enemy's Base Area 371. Elements of the 3d Bde joined forces with the 4/50 ARVN Bn of the 25th ARVN Div but found nothing, killing only 14 of the enemy. On 14 May, the 2nd PLAF Bn struck the compound of the 2/50 ARVN Bn in Rach Kien, killing 31 South Vietnamese soldiers and wounding 34. 3d Bde units were committed but couldn't regain contact with the attacking force. After that, contact with the enemy dropped sharply for the remainder of 1967, indicating an apparent enemy desire to avoid friendly forces. On 31 Jan 68, the brigade responded to the Tet Offensive, 5-60 Inf engaged in heavy fighting southwest of Saigon in Gia Dinh Province, killing 128 enemy soldiers. From 1-5 Feb, 3-39 Inf and 2-60 Inf were sent to Kien Hoa Province to help recapture Ben Tre, the provincial capital. On 10 Feb, the brigade HQ at Tan An came under attack from an unknown size enemy force. 33 enemy were killed, 4 US KIA and 53 US WIA. During March, brigade elements conducted "Aquabush" operations along the numerous canals south of Saigon in conjunction with the 199th Inf Bde (Lt). Pacification activities decreased sharply during the Tet Offensive and the operation was terminated on 10 March. Results: 2,107 enemy killed, 74 US KIA, 380 US WIA.

14 Feb.67-21 Mar.68
Operation: KITTYHAWK
Location: Long Binh, Xuan Loc, Long Giao, Gia Ray, Suoi Cat, Blackhorse, Route 1, Route 2, Long Khanh and Bien Hoa Province. Type: reconnaissance-in-force, cordon and search, security, road clearing. Controlling headquarters: 9th Inf Div (14 Feb 67-15 Feb 68); 11th ACR (15 Feb-21 Mar 68). Task organization: 3-5 Cav, 1/11 ACR, 2/11 ACR, 3/11 ACR. Intelligence: 275th PLAF Rgt. Execution: The purpose of KITTYHAWK was to secure LOCs and selected installations within Long Khanh Province, conduct reconnaissance-in-force operations and cordon and search of selected hamlets within the AO, secure Blackhorse base camp and the Gia Ray rock quarry and provide ready reaction forces along Route 1. On 21 May, K Troop, 3/11 ACR was ambushed by an estimated reinforced enemy battalion near Suoi Cat on Route 1. 30 enemy are killed, 12 US KIA and 13 US WIA. On 27 Jun 1/11 ACR moved to reinforce the 52nd ARVN Rgr Bn which was in heavy contact with elements of the 3rd Bn, 275th PLAF Rgt, killing 49 of the enemy11. On 30 Dec two enemy companies ambushed Troop C, 3-5 Cav on Route 2. Friendly losses are 10 KIA, 29 WIA and 3 MIA. On 31 Jan 68, in reaction to the VC Tet Offensive, the 3-5 Cav was alerted to respond to enemy activity in the Long Binh-Bien Hoa area. A/3-5 Cav bypassed several roadblocks, breaking through enemy forces and reached the Bien Hoa airfield, sweeping nearby wood lines and killing 40. During the period 2-3 Feb, C/3-5 Cav was sent to defend Xuan Loc against an intense ground attack, killing nearly 50 enemy soldiers. On 15 Feb the KITTYHAWK mission was assumed by the 11th ACR as the 3-5 Cav (-) was directed by HQ USARV to deploy to Da Nang, I CTZ. On 21 Mar, the operation was phased into Operation ALCORN COVE. Results: 201 enemy killed, 7 captured, 1 returnee, 62 US KIA, 224 US WIA.

5 Apr.-11 Oct.
Operation: FRANCIS MARION
Location: Plei Me, Duc Co, Plei Djereng, Plei Mrong, Plei Do Lim, Buon Blech, Se San, Ia Drang, Ia Tchar, Dak Ayun, Dak Payou, Chu Pong, Chu Prong, Chu Goungot, Chu Groh, Route 14, Route 14B, Route 19E, Route 509, Hill 521, LZ OASIS, LZ JACKSON HOLE, Pleiku and Darlac Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 4th Inf Div. Task organization: (effective 7 April): 1 s t Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 1-8 Inf, 3-8 Inf, 3-12 Inf, 6-29 Art, B/4-42 Art, C/3-4 Cav (-), A/4th Eng (-); 2d Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 2-8 Inf (-), 1-12 Inf, 1-22 Inf, Plt B/1-69 Arm, 4-42 Art (-), B/4th Eng (-); TF 1-69 Arm: 1-69 Arm (-), Plt C/2-8 Inf (-), Cav Plt 1-10 Cav, B/3-6 Art, A/5-16 Art; TF 1-10 Cav: 1-10 Cav (-), 3-6 Art (-); Div Arty: 6-14 Art, 5-16 Art (-), 1-92 Art; Div Troops: D/4-60 Art (-), 4th Avn Bn, 4th Eng Bn. Task organization: (effective 26 April): 1 s t Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 1-8 Inf, 3-12 Inf, 6-29 Art (-), C/4-42 Art, A/4th Eng (-); 2d Bde, 4 t h In f Div: 2-8 Inf, 1-12 Inf, 1-22 Inf, 4-42 Art (-), A/6-29 Art, B/4th Eng (-); TF 1-69 Arm: 1-69 Arm (-), 3-6 Art (-); TF 1-10 Cav: 1-10 Cav (-), A/3-6 Art; TF 3-8 Inf: 3-8 Inf, C/6-29 Art, A/5-16 Art; Div Arty: 6-14 Art, 5-16 Art (-), 1-92 Art; Div Troops: D/4-60 Art (-), 4th Avn Bn, 4th Eng Bn. Task organization: (effective 30 May): 1 s t Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 1-8 Inf, 3-8 Inf, 3-12 Inf, 6-29 Art, A/4th Eng (-); 2d Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 2-8 Inf (M), 1-12 Inf, 1-22 Inf, 4-42 Art, B/4th Eng (-); 173d Abn Bde: 1-503 Inf, 2-503 Inf, 4-503 Inf, 3-319 Art, D/16 Arm, E/17 Cav, 173d Eng Co; TF 1-69 Arm: 1-69 Arm (-), 3-6 Art (-); Div Arty: 5-16 Art (-); Div Troops: D/4-60 Art (-), 4th Avn Bn, 4th Eng Bn. Task organization: (effective 24 Sep): 1 s t Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 1-8 Inf, 2-8 Inf (M), 3-8 Inf, 6-29 Art (-), A/4-42 Art,, A/4th Eng (-); 2d Bde, 4 t h Inf Div: 1-12 Inf, 3-12 Inf, 1-22 Inf, 4-42 Art (-), B/6-29 Art, B/4th Eng (-); TF 1-69 Arm: 1-69 Arm (-), 3-6 Art (-); Div Arty: 6-14 Art, 5-16 Art (-), 1-92 Art; Div Troops: 2-1 Cav, D/4-60 Art (-), 4th Avn Bn, 4th Eng Bn. Intelligence: B3 Front, 1st NVA Div (32nd, 66th and 88th Rgts), 10th NVA Div (95B and 101C Rgts), 200th NVA Art Bn, 407th PLAF MF Sapper Bn, H-15 PLAF LF Bn.. Execution: ... SEE ABOVE.... Results: 1,204 enemy killed, 122 detained, 11 returnees, 198 US KIA, 982 US WIA, 8 US MIA.

7 Apr.-10 Jul.
Operation: SABER THRUST
Location: Cu Chi, Trang Bang, Go Dau Ha, Loc Thanh, Phuoc My, Trung Lap, Ap Bau Dung, Filhol Plantation, Hau Nghia Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 25th Inf Div. Task organization: 3-4 Cav (+). Execution: This operation was conducted by 3-4 Cav (+) as an intermittent security operation. All phases involved search and destroy and patrolling operations in the vicinity of Cu Chi and along the Main Supply Route. Phase I was conducted 7-8 Apr vicinity of Trang Bang; Phase II (9-10 Apr) involved a sweep of Loc Thanh with Trps B & D, C/4-23 Inf (M) and A/2-13 Art. Phase III took place between 13-15 Apr around the hamlet of Phuoc My with Trps B & D and B/1-5 Inf (M). Phase IV (17-19 Apr) involved Trps A & D, A/1-5 Inf (M) and A/2-13 Art conducting search and destroy operations vicinity of Trung Lap. Phase V (20-22 Apr) saw trps A & D, B/4-23 Inf (M) and A/7-11 Art sweeping the village of Ap Bau Dung. Phase VI was conducted from 22 May to 5 Jun throughout Cu Chi and Trang Bang Districts. Finally, Phase VII (5-8 Jun, 2-10 Jul) took place in AO centered north of Go Dau Ha. Results: 22 Aka VC Valley. 68 enemy killed, 13 captured, (no info on US losses).

21 Apr.-12 Jul.
Operation: BAC THIEN 817
Location: Tam Quan, Bong Son, LZ ENGLISH, Binh Dinh
Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: VNMC Task Force ALPHA. Task organization: 4th and 5th VNMC Bns, B/VNMC Art Bn. Execution: On 18-19 Apr, Task Force ALPHA flew to LZ ENGLISH to relieve TF BRAVO and began search and destroy and pacification operations in a TAOR including Tam Quan on the north, Bong Son to the south, the portion of Route 1 connecting the two towns, with the South China Sea serving as the eastern boundary, coordinating with the 1st Cav Div's Operation PERSHING. After termination of BAC THIEN, TF ALPHA remained in the area until 26 Jul when it was relieved by TF BRAVO (2nd VNMC Bn and C/VNMV Art Bn) and returned to Thu Duc to prepare for CORONADO II. Results: (no info).

22 Apr.67-2 Jan 68.
Operation: BAKER
Location: Duc Pho, Mo Duc, Vinh Hien, Tan Phong, Dien Truong, An Ba, An Tach, Song Tra Cau, Song Ve, LZ MONTEZUMA (later renamed LZ BRONCO), LZ GUADALCANAL, LZ OLIVE DRAB, LZ LIZ, LZ DRAGON, RAZORBACK Beach, Quang Ngai Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 3d Bde TF, 25th Inf Div (redesignated 3d Bde, 4th Inf Div on 1 Aug). Task organization: 1-14 Inf, 1-35 Inf, 2-35 Inf, 2-9 Art, C/3-4 Cav, B/1-9 Cav, C/2-34 Arm. Intelligence: 1st PLAF Rgt, 2nd PLAF Rgt, 22nd PAVN Rgt. Execution: ...SEE ABOVE... Results: (no info).

11 May-21 Jul.
Operation: -
Location: Rung Sat Special Zone, Gia Dinh Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: VNMC Brigade. Task organization: 6th VNMC Bn, A/VNMC Art Bn, RAG 22. Results: (no info).

13 May-16 Jul.
Operation: CROCKETT
Location: Khe Sanh, Hill 861, Hill 881S, Hill 950, Quang Tri Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 26th Marines (Forward). Task organization: 1/26 Marines, 3/26 Marines (from 13 Jun), A/3d Recon. Intelligence: 325C PAVN Div. Execution: After the end of the First Battle of Khe Sanh ('Khe Sanh Hill Fights'), 1/26 Marines replaced the two battalions from the 3d Marines there. The mission was to occupy key terrain, deny enemy access into the vital areas, conduct aggressive patrolling withing the AO and provide security for the base and adjacent outposts on nearby Hill 881S, 861 and 950. Numerous sightings of the enemy were made during May but there was only occasional contact. On 6 Jun, the radio relay site on Hill 950 received a ground probe, 10 enemy were killed, 6 US KIA and 2 US WIA. The next day, a patrol from B/1/26 made heavy contact with an estimated enemy company. 66 enemy were killed, 18 US KIA and 28 US WIA. Due to the increasing number of enemy contacts, 3/26 Marines arrived at Khe Sanh on 13 Jun. Both battalions had many contacts with isolated enemy forces during the last weeks of the month. On 27 Jun, I/3/26 ran into two NVA companies, killing 35 but during July enemy activity decreased in the Khe Sanh AO and the operation was terminated on 16 Jul. Results: 206 enemy killed, 5 detained, 52 US KIA, 255 WIA.

14 May.-7 Dec.
Operation: KOLE KOLE
Location: Duc Hoa, Bao Trai, Hiep Hoa, Loc Giang, Trang Bang, Song Vam Co Dong, Rach Tra, Xinh An Ha, Route 10, Hau Nghia and Tay Ninh Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 2d Bde, 25th Inf Div. Task organization: 1-5 Inf (M), 1-27 Inf, 2-27 Inf, 1-8 Art. Intelligence: 2nd Go Mon and 269th PLAF LF Bns. Execution: Operation KOLE KOLE was initiated by the 2d Bde in Hau Nghia Province using EAGLE FLIGHTS and airmobile operations based on current intelligence. Cordon and search, outposting and country fair operations were also conducted in conjunction with the 25th ARVN Div, CIDG and RF/PF. On 17 May, elements of 1/27 Inf and 2/27 Inf fought an eight-hour engagement west of the Vam Co Dong with a VC company. Results were 27 enemy killed, 2 US KIA and 9 US WIA. There was intermittent contact during June and July, particularly along the An Ha canal and near Loc Giang. The brigade also secured engineer operations along Route 10 to improve the GVN's authority and control west of Trang Bang. In early August, the reconnaissance platoon of 1/27 Inf with helicopter support intercepted VC recon elements from Long An Province, killing 26. During September, KOLE KOLE shifted to northern Hau Nghai and southwestern Tay Ninh Province. 1-5 Inf (M) conducted extensive dismounted ambush patrols around Loc Giang along the Vam Co while 2-27 Inf engaged scattered elements of the 269th PLAF Bn. On 21 Oct, an EAGLE FLIGHT from 1-27 Inf engaged an estimated enemy platoon south of Tay Ninh, killing 18. On 31 Oct, 2-27 Inf made contact with elements of the 2nd Go Mon Bn north of the Rach Tra, killing 28 and capturing 2. Enemy activity decreased for the rest of KOLE KOLE and the brigade concentrated on pacification and land clearing operations. Results: 797 enemy killed, 150 detained, 34 returnees, 144 US KIA, 876 US WIA

18 May-7 Dec.
Operation: BARKING SANDS
Location: Cu Chi, Trang Bang, Phu Hoa, Iron Triangle, Ho Bo Woods, Song Saigon, Hau Nghia and Binh Duong Provinces. Type: pacification. Controlling headquarters: 1st Bde, 25th Inf Div. Task organization: 4-9 Inf, 2-14 Inf, 4-23 Inf (M), 7-11 Art. Execution: The 1st Bde employed counter guerrilla warfaretechniques including saturation patrolling, checkmate, bushmaster and cordon and search operations to pacify Cu Chi and Trang Bang Districts in Hau Nghia Province and Phu Hoa District in Binh Duong Province. Buddy operations were also conducted with local PF platoons and RF companies. On 30 Aug, 4-9 Inf conducted an airmobile assault against an entrenched VC battalion in the Iron Triangle resulting in 4 enemy killed, 11 US KIA and 43 US WIA. During September, primary emphasis was placed on denying VC access to populated areas during the National Elections. Land clearing operations were also initiated along the Song Saigon to eliminate VC concealment. In October, 9,645 acres of the Ho Bo Woods were cleared by Rome Plows following Operation KUNIA. Contact during BARKING SANDS was limited to squad and platoon size elements and no major engagement occurred. Four sub-operations were conducted in the BARKING SANDS AO during the period: KAWELA, AKUMU,WAIMEA and KUNIA (see individual operations below). Results (inclusive of the four sub-operations): 370 enemy killed, 85 detained, 10 returnees, 110 US KIA, 1114 US WIA.

18 May-7 Dec.
Operation: DIAMOND HEAD
Location: Tay Ninh West, Dau Tieng, Suoi Da, Prek Klok, Ben Cui, Michelin Plantation, Boi Loi Woods, The Crescent, The Trapezoid, Tay Ninh and Binh Duong Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 3d Bde, 4th Inf Div33. Task organization: 2-12 Inf, 2-22 Inf (M), 3-22 Inf, 2-77 Art, 2-34 Arm (-) (from 22 Sep), C/1-10 Cav, C/4th Eng. Execution: The mission was to conduct search and destroy operations in Tay Ninh Province, cordon and search operations in the Michelin Plantation, and security and reinforcement missions in the Tay Ninh and Prek Klok areas. With one battalion detached to Operation UNIONTOWN and another providing security for the Dau Tieng and Tay Ninh West base camps, contact in the AO were very limited during the months of May, June and July. On 1 Aug, the 3d Bde, 4th Inf Div was redesignated the 3d Bde, 25th Inf Div. No movement of troops or units were involved in this redesignation. On 15 Aug, an airmobile cordon and search of Thanh An was conducted by 3-22 Inf in conjunction with VN National Police. 6 enemy were killed and 42 detained. In September, the brigade provided security during the National elections. In October, continued battalion size search and destroy operations were conducted in the Michelin Plantation to prevent its use as an enemy haven, in and south of Ben Cui, and in the northern portion of the Trapezoid, which extends 15 km to the southeast of Dau Tieng. Bushmaster operations were conducted in an area known as the Crescent, 8 km northwest of Dau Tieng. All operations were marked by extremely light contact. In November, operations were conducted in the upper Boi Loi Woods and in the Ben Cui Plantation, again with light contact. During this period operations were curtailed due to two battalions being opcon to the other brigades. On 25-25 Now, 2-22 Inf (M) made contact with a VC company near the Mushroom bend on the Saigon River, killing 20. This was the last contact during DIAMOND HEAD before the operation came to an end on 7 Dec. Results: 237 enemy killed, 496 detained, 4 returnees. (US losses unknown).

21 May-9 Jul.
Operation: CHOCTAW
Location: Phong Dien, Nam Hoa, Co Bi-Thanh Tan, My Chanh, Route 1, Song Thach Ma, Thua Thien Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 4th Marines. Task organization: 1/4 Marines, 2/4 Marines, 3/12 Marines, BLT 1/3 Marines (12-23 Jun). Execution: CHOCTAW targeted the Co Bi Thanh Tan area of Thua Thien Province. Operations were limited to patrol and ambush actions during the deployment of forces to Operation HICKORY. CHOCTAW also provided one rifle company for operations in the Nam Hoa area and security forces for the Quang Tri Provincial Headquarters and the Phong Dien District Headquarters. Operations were characterized by frequent small unit contacts, sniper fire and mine and booby traps incidents. During the period 12-23 Jun SLF ALPHA with BLT 1/3 Marines joined CHOCTAW, sweeping Route 1 along the Thach Ma River, killing only 9 enemy soldiers before returning to Camp Evans. The only major contact in June occurred on the 11th when 2/4 ambushed an enemy company near My Chanh, inflicting heavy casualties. Results: 160 enemy killed, 216 detained, 18 US KIA and 153 US WIA.

1 Jun.-26 Jul.
Operation: CORONADO I
Location: Dong Tam, Can Giuoc, Can Duoc, Go Cong, Cua Soi Rap, Song Vam Co, Song Rach Cac, FSB TANGO, FSB X-RAY (Fort Courage), Binh Xuan Secret Zone, Rung Sat Special Zone, Dinh Tuong, Long An and Go Cong Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 2d Bde, 9th Inf Div (MRF). Task organization: 3-47 Inf, 4-47 Inf, 3-34 Art, D/15th Eng, USN TF 117. Intelligence: 514th PLAF LF Bn, 5th Nha Be PLAF LF Bn. Execution: On 1 Jun, the Mobile Riverine Force was officially activated, with the arrival at Dong Tam of its full navalcomplement. Subsequently, the brigade headquarters, 3-47 Inf, 4-47 Inf and supporting units were placed aboard ship, leaving only 3-60 Inf (TF FUNSTON) ashore to provide base security. During the period 13-17 Jun the fully constituted MRF conducted its first operation in the Rung Sat Special Zone37. Full scale operations however started on 19 Jun when CORONADO I finally went underway. Anchoring at the mouths of the Vam Co, Soi Rap and Rach Cac Rivers, the MRF struck at the 5th Nha Be Bn near the town of Can Giuoc in Long An Province38. On 19 Jun, both battalions converged via helicopter and riverine transports to the target area, meeting heavy resistance. Fighting lasted all day until the remnants of the 5th Nha Be escaped across the Rach Nui under the cover of darkness. 256 enemy had been killed, 21 US KIA and 53 US WIA. Following this engagement, the MRF remained in the area, conducting company-size operations in the RSSZ, Can Duoc District and northern Go Cong Province, coordinating with the 199th Inf Bde (Lt) and 3/46 ARVN Bn. On 4 Jul, the MRF attacked the Binh Xuan Secret Zone, located northwest of Go Cong, co-operating with a provisional Popular Forces battalion. During the next three days, contacts with elements of the 514th PLAF Bn resulted in over 100 enemy killed without a single US casualty. A hundred South Vietnamese deserters and draft dodgers were also apprehended. The MRF returned to Can Giuoc District after the Go Cong operations, conducting riverine assaults along the Rach Cac during the period 20-22 Jul. On 24 Jul, the MRF with the 3rd VNMC Bn and 3/46 ARVN Bn moved to northern Can Giuoc District in an effort to reduce the enemy threat the the district capital. No contact was made and CORONADO I terminated with the MRF returning to Dong Tam. Results: 478 enemy killed, 526 detained, 40 US KIA, 173 US WIA.

1 Jun.67-7 Feb.68
Operation: HOPTAC
Location: Dong Tam, Dinh Tuong Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 9th Inf Div. Task organization: Task Force FUNSTON39. Execution: Operation HOPTAC was an internal defense and development operation in Dinh Tuong Province which included security of the Dong Tam base. Task Force FUNSTON provided land and waterborne security for engineer dredging equipment and maintained a ready reaction force to assist local GVN units and installations if needed. In most cases contact with the VC was characterized by light fire fights and sniper fire. On 1 Feb 68 the enemy fired more than 170 82 mm mortar and 75 mm RR rounds into the base resulting in minor damage and 11 US WIA. In the early morning hours of 3, 4, 5 and 7 Feb, the enemy continued to attack the base with mortar and RR fire. The heaviest attack came on 7 Feb with an estimated 200 rounds fired at the base. Elements of 5-60 Inf and 2-39 Inf conducted reaction airmobile assaults and RIF operations 8 km east of Dong tam, making contact with two VC companies, killing 23 while losing 5 KIA and 11 WIA. Results: 296 enemy killed, 11 captured, 3 returnees, 37 US KIA, 364 US WIA.

8 Jun.-2 Aug.
Operation: MALHEUR II
Location: Base Area 122, Base Area 123, Base Area 124, Song Tra Cau, Song Ve, Song Ne, BASTOGNE AO, ZON AO, NORMANDY AO, LZ CARENTAN, Quang Ngai Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 1st Bde, 101st Abn Div. Task organization: 1-327 Inf, 2-327 Inf, 2-502 Inf, 2-320 Art, C/2-11 Art, A/2-17 Cav, A/326th Eng. Intelligence: 1st and 2nd PLAF Rgts. Execution: On 8 Jun the brigade reoriented its effort into the BASTOGNE AO to the north with 1-327 Inf and 2-327 Inf air assaulting into Base Area 123 and 2-502 Inf air assaulting into 122 the following day. Contacts on the first day resulted in 19 enemy killed, 6 US KIA and 25 US WIA. Contact was sporadic during the first week and on 14 Jun the brigade commenced the evacuation of the civilian population of the Song Tra Cau and southern portion of the Song Ve Valleys to the Nghia Hanh refugee center. On 16 Jun, 1-327 Inf conducted an airmobile assault in the northern portion of the Song Ve Valley, making contact with an estimated enemy battalion. Results were 17 enemy killed, 5 US KIA and 51 US WIA. Evacuation operations were terminated on 23 Jun with 5,757 refugees, 30 tons of rice and 1,196 heads of cattle relocated. Search and destroy operations continued in the ZON AO to the west with 2-502 Inf and 2-327 Inf searching the Song Ne Valley for the 1st PLAF Rgt but without result. On 3 Jul, 1-327 returned to CARENTAN to prepare for operation LAKE. The remaining two battalions continued their search and evacuated the population of the Song Ne. On 10-11 Jul, after receiving intelligence indicating that the 2nd PLAF Rgt had returned south to Base Area 124, 2-327 Inf and 2-502 Inf were reinserted into the old NORMANDY AO but found little. Agent reports, information gained from captured VC and other intelligence indicated that the 1st and 2nd PLAF Rgts were at less than 50% strength and that both were attempting to meet in Base Area 123 in order to form one combat effective regiment. The brigade scheduled a B-52 strike followed by an airmobile assault in the area, but once again little was found and the operation was terminated on 2 Aug. Results (includes MALHEUR I and MALHEUR II): 869 enemy killed, 80 captured, 81 US KIA, 594 US WIA, 1 US MIA.

8 Jun.-15 Sep.
Operation: CUMBERLAND
Location: Nam Hoa, Gia Le, Route 547, Route 548, A Shau Valley, Thua Thien Province. Type: security, road construction, artillery raid. Controlling headquarters: 4th Marines. Task organization: 1/4 Marines, 2-94 Art. Execution: This infantry and engineer operation provided for the upgrading and construction of a land-line of communication from Hue along Routes 547 and 548 toward the A Shau Valley and the establishment of an artillery FSB in the vicinity of YD 605085. On 7 Jul, 1/4 displaced to Dong Ha leaving only A/1/4 to provide security for the working parties. CUMBERLAND resumed on 17 Jul. In Aug, Army 175mm guns from 2-94 Art were introduced into the area to fire H&I missions into the A Shau. Contact with the enemy was very light during the entire operation and CUMBERLAND was terminated at the start of the monsoon season. Results: 5 US KIA, 88 US WIA, no info on enemy losses.

11 Jun.-14 Jul.
Operation: DAN CHI/289/A
Location: Phong Dinh Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 21st ARVN Div. Results: 210 enemy killed, 217 detained, 5 ARVN KIA, 60 ARVN WIA

15 Jun.-14 Jul.
Operation: BLACKJACK 26
Location: Kontum and Binh Dinh Provinces. Type: mobile guerrilla. Controlling headquarters: 5th SFGA. Task Organization: 23rd Co, A-219 MIKE Force. Execution: operation took place in northeastern Kontum and western Binh Dinh Provinces. Only 4 contacts were made with no confirmed enemy casualties. Results: 2 MIKE KIA, 3 USSF WIA, 3 MIKE WIA.

18 Jun.-12 Oct.
Operation: GREELEY
Location: Kontum, Dak To, Tan Canh, Dak Seang, Dak Pek, Toumorong, Dak Poko, Dak Akoi, Hill 830, Hill 1338, FSB 4, Kontum Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 4th Inf Div. Task organization: 173d Abn Bde: 1-503 Inf, 2-503 Inf, 4-503 Inf, 3-319 Art, E/17 Cav, D/16 Arm, 173d Eng Co; 3d Bde, 1st Cav Div (24 Jun-25 Jul): 1-7 Cav, 5-7 Cav, 2-12 Cav, 1-21 Art; 1st ARVN Abn TF (24 Jun-25 Jul): 3d, 5th and 8th ARVN Abn Bns; 24th STZ: 1/42 Inf. Intelligence: 24th and 174th PAVN Rgts, K101D PAVN Bn, 304th PLAF MF Bn, 200th PLAF Art Bn, H-15 PLAF LF Bn . Execution: From 1-18 Jun, the 173d Abn Bde continued participation in Operation FRANCIS MARION, searching further south and east in the Ia Drang Valley. The brigade deployed the 1-503 Inf and 2-503 Inf into the AO, holding 4-503 Inf in reserve at Catecka. No significant contact was made. On 17 Jun, TF MC QUARRIE (2-503 Inf, E/17 Cav, A/3-319 Art) moved by air and motor convoy to the New Dak To Airfield, joined the following day by 1-503 Inf. The mission, named GREELEY, was to assume opcon of the CIDG Camp at Dak To under threat from the 24th PAVN Rgt and assist in its defense. On 18 Jun, 2-503 Inf began searching south of Dak To toward the huge mass of Hill 1338 (Ngok Bor Beang). C/1-503 Inf was also inserted into the area to search for a missing SF and CIDG team which had been destroyed by the NVA on 15-16 Jun, 1400 meters southwest of their camp. On 22 Jun, after a fruitless search of Hill 1338, 2-503 Inf was instructed to return to Dak To on foot. Shortly after leaving its NDP, A/2-503 bumped into an enemy battalion from the 24th PAVN Rgt42 while descending the slopes of Hill 1338. Two platoons were cut off and annihilated while the rest of the company formed a small perimeter and called supporting fires. Cos B and C were rushed to the rescue but arrived too late. 76 Americans had been killed, some executed point blank by the enemy, and 23 wounded. 106 enemy bodies were counted in the battle area. This action became known as 'The Battle of the Slopes' and as one of the costliest engagement for US forces in Vietnam. Concerned by the size of the battle and the US losses, General Larsen at I FFORCEV decided to reinforce GREELEY. On 23 Jun, 2-12 Cav arrived from the PERSHING AO while the rest of the 173d Abn Bde (CP (-) and 4-503 Inf) closed Dak To from Catecka. The next day, 24 Jun, the 3d Bde, 1st Cav Div (-) and 1st ARVN Abn TF arrived at Kontum. The Allied forces went after the 24th PAVN Rgt, seeking to destroy it. In the next two weeks, the 173d Abn Bde and 2-12 Cav searched west and south of Dak To while the 3d Bde, 1st Cav Div and the ARVN Abn TF entered the Dak Akoi Valley northeast of Kontum and 35 km east of Dak To. The sweep found little evidence of the enemy's presence and on 25 Jul the cavalry brigade returned to the coast, while the Vietnamese task force stood down at Kontum to serve as a mobile reaction force. Southwest of Dak To on 10 Jul, 4-503 Inf, while searching for a regimental headquarters, found an occupied enemy bunker complex on Hill 830. Battle raged until 12 Jul with 22 US KIA and 62 US WIA but only 9 enemy bodies found. This was the last significant contact on the month. On 19 Jul, 2 NVA soldiers rallied at Dak Pek CIDG Camp, stating that they were 42 Later identified as the 6th Bn, 24th PAVN Rgt. from the newly infiltrated 174th PAVN Rgt. They were proved correct on 6 Aug when the 1/42 ARVN Bn made heavy contact with that unit 8 km west of the Dak Seang CIDG Camp. The ARVN Abn TF was rushed into the area and fought a bitter twoday battle to capture a hill believed to have been the location of the regimental CP, killing 189 of the enemy. On 9 Aug, 4-503 Inf moved to Dak Pek, joining the 1-503 Inf already there since 4 Aug, but the two battalions found little. Contacts were so low in August that the 173d Abn Bde was credited with only 4 enemy killed. During the period 1-18 Sep, the brigade continued GREELEY in the Dak To – Dak Seang area, supporting CIDG Operation DARBY, but contact was minimal. On 17 Sep, the brigade (-) began moving by air to Tuy Hoa to begin Operation BOLLING. Only 4-503 Inf and A/3-319 stayed at Dak To, forming Task Force 77 with the 3rd ARVN Abn Bn, 1/42 ARVN Bn and 27th MIKE Force Co for an expedition in the Toumorong Valley that lasted nearly three weeks but found nothing. On 11 Oct, TF 77 was disbanded and that same day, 2-503 Inf and A/3-319 Art departed for Tuy Hoa, terminating Operation GREELEY. Results: 191 enemy killed, 17 captured, 129 US KIA, 210 US WIA. (no info on ARVN losses).

2-14 Jul.
Operation: BUFFALO
Location: Dong Ha, Con Thien, Route 561, The Marketplace, Demilitarized Zone, Song Be Hai, Quang Tri Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 3d Mar Div. Task organization: BLT 1/3 Marines, BLT 2/3 Marines, 1/9 Marines, 3/9 Marines, 3/12 Marines. Intelligence: 90th PAVN Rgt. Execution: BUFFALO was the successor to Operation CIMARRON, initially utilizing the same forces. On 2 Jul, while operating northeast of Con Thien along Route 561 in an area called the Marketplace, 1/9 Marines was attacked by an estimated two enemy battalions of the 90th PAVN Rgt. Very heavy fighting took place all day, 1/9 receiving more than 700 rounds of mortar and artillery. Co B was virtually destroyed with only 27 survivors. The arrival of 3/9 Marines from Dong Ha in the afternoon forced the enemy to break contact. 1/9 had lost 84 KIA, 190 WIA and 9 MIA. No accurate count of enemy killed could be established. Contact continued during the next three days, 3-5 Jul. On 3 Jul, the 9th Marines was reinforced by both Special Landing Forces, SLF ALPHA in Operation BEAR CLAW and SLF BRAVO in Operation BEAVER TRACK46. 3/9 and the battered 1/9 pushed north to recover missing bodies, meeting heavy resistance, 3/9 losing 15 KIA and 33 WIA. Contacts diminished on 5 Jul and the grim task of recovering Company B's dead could be completed. On 6 Jul, all four battalions including both BLT 1/3 and BLT 2/3 continued moving north following preparatory fires. As they advanced, they encountered increasingly heavy artillery fire and by 1600 they could go no further. 600 rounds hit 3/9 Marines and about 1,000 landed on BLT 1/3. 400 NVAs were spotted crossing the Ben Hai and heading directly at the two battalions. 3/9 engaged the enemy column at less than 150 meters distance and killed 154 by bodycount, losing only 12 WIA. On 7 Jul, a 152mm howitzer round scored a direct hit on the command bunker of 1/9 at Con Thien, killing 11 and wounding 18. The last significant engagement of BUFFALO too place on 8 Jul southwest of Con Thien when BLT 2/3 discovered a bunker complex. Fighting lasted all day, 118 enemy were killed, 14 US KIA and 43 US WIA. After this action, the Marines encountered only mines and harassing fire and BUFFALO closed on 14 Jul. Results: 1,281 enemy killed, 14 detained, 159 US KIA, 885 US WIA, 9 MIA.

3-8 Jul.
Operation: BEAR CLAW
Location: Con Thien, LZ HAWK, Quang Tri Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: SLF ALPHA. Task organization: BLT 1/3 Marines. Execution: On 3 Jul, BLT 1/3 was rushed into the BUFFALO AO to reinforce the 9th Marines heavily engaged with the 90th PAVN Rgt, landing on LZ HAWK a mile southeast of Con Thien and tying in to the right flank of 3/9 Marines. The BLT swept toward the DMZ, helping in the recovery of 1/9 Marines casualties until being withdrawn on 8 Jul47. Results: 424 enemy killed, 8 US KIA, 179 US WIA.

3-9 Jul.
Operation: DRAGON HEAD
Location: Quang Ngai Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 2d ROKMC Bde. Task organization: 1st, 2d and 3d ROKMC Bns. Results: (no info).

3 Jul.67-7 Apr.68
Operation: RILEY
Location: Bearcat, Camp Martin Cox, Bien Hoa Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 1st Bde, 9th Inf Div; TF FORSYTH (from 10 Feb). Task organization: 2-39 Inf, 4-39 Inf, 2-47 Inf (M), 3-5 Cav, 1-11 Art, TF FORSYTH. Execution: Operation RILEY was an internal defense and development operation in Bien Hoa Province and included defense of Camp Martin Cox. When not engaged in strike operations, Headquarters, 1st Bde assumed opcon of all elements engaged in RILEY, including TF FORSYTH (a provisional Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment located at Camp Martin Cox). In the absence of the 1st Bde, TF FORSYTH was allocated sufficient forces to secure the camp and to conduct limited consolidation operations in the area. On 31 Jan 68 in response to the VC Tet Offensive, elements of the 2-47 Inf (M) and 4-39 Inf moved to Long Binh Post for perimeter security. Working in coordination with 2-3 Inf from the 199th Inf Bde (Lt), the two battalions had multiple contacts with the enemy during the day near Ho Nai, killing 213 by bodycount and capturing 32. US losses were 4 KIA and 23 WIA. On 10 Feb 68, the 1st Bde moved to Dong Tam and TF FORSYTH assumed responsibility until termination. Results: 472 enemy killed, 41 detained, 2 returnees, 64 US KIA, 315 US WIA.

4-14 Jul.
Operation: BEAVER TRACK
Location: Cam Lo, Con Thien, LZ CANARY, Quang Tri Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: SLF BRAVO. Task organization: BLT 2/3 Marines. Execution: On 4 Jul, SLF BRAVO was inserted on LZ CANARY north of Cam Lo to reinforce the 9th Marines on Operation BUFFALO. BLT 2/3 moved north toward the DMZ on 5 Jul, making several contacts with elements of the 29th PAVN Rgt. On 8 Jul, a bunker complex was overrun, with 118 enemies killed. The BLT remained in the area after 12 Jul to join in Operation HICKORY II48. Results: (included in Operation BUFFALO).

5-9 Jul.
Operation: LION
Location: III CTZ. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 11th ACR. Execution: (no oher info). 5-9 Jul. Operation: CUU LONG/62/67 Location: Kien Hoa Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 7th ARVN Div. Execution: operation conducted southeast of Ben Tre with support from RAGs 21, 26 and 33. Results: 22 enemy killed, 42 captured, 56 detained, 3 ARVN KIA, 3 VNN KIA, 19 ARVN WIA, 3 VNN WIA.

6-12 Jul.
Operation: LAKE
Location: Dien Truong, Sa Huynh, Route 1, Quang Ngai Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 1st Bde, 101st Abn Div. Task organization: 1-327 Inf, A/2-17 Cav. 1 Plt C/2-34 Arm. Execution: Operation LAKE was conducted concurrently with Operation MALHEUR II to provide security for engineer operations on Route 1 between Sa Huyng and Dien Truong. Results: 6 enemy killed, 1 captured, 6 US KIA, 2 US WIA.

6-16 Jul.
Operation: PADDINGTON
Location: Xuyen Moc, FSB TOM, FSB MIKE, FSB BILL, FSB JOHN, LZ BUCK, LZ DICK, LZ BOB, LZ JACK, LZ BERT, Phuoc Tuy Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 9th Inf Div (Fwd). Task organization: 1st Bde, 9th inv Div: 48 See Operation BUFFALO for more details. 2-39 Inf, 4-39 Inf, 3-5 Cav, 1-11 Art (-); 1ATF: 2RAR, 7RAR, 2-47 Inf (M), 1/11 ACR, A Sqn 3 Cav, 4 Fld Rgt, B/1-11, Art, B/2-35 Art, C/1-84 Art; VNMC TF BRAVO: 2nd and 3rd VNMC Bns; 18th ARVN Div: 2/43 ARVN Bn. . Intelligence: 274th PLAF Rgt. Execution: Operation PADDINGTON was controlled by the 9th Inf Div Forward CP established at Nui Dat. It took place in an area northwest of Xuyen Moc, with the 1st Bde, 9th Inf Div and VNMC TF operating in the northwestern portion of the AO and the 1ATF in the southeastern portion. The only major contact took place on 12 Jul when the 3rd VNMC Bn engaged a battalion from the 274th PLAF Rgt, killing 40. A major accomplishment of PADDINGTON was the successful employment of a tri-nation force in a previously inaccessible area to significantly disrupt installations an activities of the 5th PLAF Div. Results: 92 enemy killed, 1 AUS KIA, 1 AUS WIA, 11 VNMC KIA, 31 VNMC WIA (US losses unknown).

New Operations

7-9 Jul.
Operation: LAM SON 79
Location: Quang Tri Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 1st ARVN Div. Results: 207 enemy killed, 12 detained, 14 ARVN KIA, 77 ARVN WIA.

7 Jul-16 Aug.
Operation: 7-67/SAMURAI I
Location: A Shau Valley, Happy Valley, Thuat Thien and Quang Nam Provinces. Type: reconnaissance. Controlling headquarters: 5th SFA. Task organization: Det B-52 Project DELTA, 81st ARVN Abn Rgr Bn. Execution: Operation searched areas from the northern stretches of the A Shau Valley into Happy Valley, west of Da Nang. Results: (no info)

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Jason Petho
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Re: Vietnam

Post by Jason Petho »

Ongoing Operations today in 1967

26 Aug.66-20 Jan.68
Operation: BYRD
Location: Phan Thiet, LZ BETTY, Binh Thuan Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: I FFORCEV. Task organization: TF 2-7: 2-7 Cav, C/1-9 Cav, A/1-21 Art, C/2-20 Art (-), C/8th Eng Bn (-), C/229th Avn Bn, Det 228th Avn Bn. Execution: Planned as a short-term, economy-of-force measure, BYRD became a continuous offensive that would last into 1968. Upon I FFORCEV request, the 1st Cav Div detached at battalion-size task force to help pacify isolated Binh Thuan Province in southern II Corps. Results (at year's end): 351 enemy killed, 151 detained, 8 US KIA, 85 US WIA.

1 Oct.66-17 Jan 68
Operation: DAZZLEM
Location: Camp Radcliff, An Khe, Binh Dinh Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 1st Cav Div. Task organization: Base Defense Task Force. Execution: Operation DAZZLEM was the contingency plan for the defense of Camp Radcliff provided by one infantry battalion with supporting artillery and
reinforcing personnel from residence units. On 17 Jan 68, the 173d Abn Bde relieved the 1st Cav Div from the mission of defending An Khe. Results: 80 enemy killed, 9 detained.

11 Oct.66-17 Nov.67
Operation: UNIONTOWN II
Location: Long Binh, Bien Hoa Province Type: security. Controlling headquarters: II FFORCEV. Execution: Operation UNIONTOWN was a security operation designed to protect the Long Binh logistical complex, RMK Rock Quarry and II FFORCEV Headquarters. Units were assigned on a rotation basis from each major command under II FFORCEV.

30 Nov. 66-15 Dec.67
Operation: FAIRFAX/RANG DONG
Location: Nha Be, Thu Duc and Binh Chanh Districts, Gia Dinh Province. Type: pacification. Controlling headquarters: II FFORCEV, CMD. Task organization: 1st Inf Div (30 Nov 66-31 Jan 67): 2-16 Inf; 4th Inf Div (30 Nov 66-31 Jan 67): 3-22 Inf; 25th Inf Div (30 Nov 66-31 Jan 67): 4-9 Inf; CMD (30 Nov 66-31 Jan 67): 3rd and 5th ARVN Abn Bns, 30th Ranger Bn; 199th LIB (31 Jan-15 Dec.): 2-3 Inf, 3-7 Inf, 4-12 Inf, 2-40 Art; 5th ARVN Ranger Group (31 Jan.-15 Dec): 30th, 33rd and 38th ARVN Ranger Bns. Intelligence: Military Region 4, 165A PLAF Regiment. Execution: ... SEE ABOVE... Results (end of 1966): 149 enemy killed, 40 detained, 11 US KIA, 67 US WIA, 23 ARVN KIA, 58 ARVN WIA, 1 ARVN MIA.

1 Feb.-23 Sep.
Operation: LAM SON 142/AB/P3
Location: Quang Tri and Thua Thien Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 1st ARVN Div. Results: 435 enemy killed, 33 detained, 172 ARVN KIA, 420 ARVN WIA, 31 ARVN MIA.

8 Feb.67-31 Jan.68
Operation: LAM SON 67
Location: Phu Loi, An My, Ong Dong Jungle, Binh Duong, Bien Hoa and Gia Dinh Provinces. Type: search and destroy, cordon and search, saturation patrolling, security, jungle clearing. Controlling headquarters: 2d Bde, 1st Inf Div (8 Feb-17 Mar, 17 Apr 67-31 Jan 68); 3d Bde, 1st Inf Div (17 Mar-17 Apr). Task organization: 1st Inf Div Revolutionary Development Task Force (various infantry, cavalry and support units were assigned on a rotation basis during the period). Execution: The operation supported the GVN's Revolutionary Development Program in conjunction with ARVN units in Binh Duong, Bien Hoa and Gia Dinh Provinces. LAM SON 67 consisted of cordon and search, reconnaissance in force, harassment, jungle clearing, population control, civic action and psychological warfare operations directed against priority targets. Contact in the AO was characterized by light sporadic incidents with local VC elements. On 6 Jan 68, the Phu Loi base camp received 123 rounds of mixed mortar fire, 46 aircraft were damaged and 6 US WIA. Reacting to the attack, A/2-18 Inf and B/2-2 Inf (M) swept the area to the north of the base and contacted two enemy companies of the Phu Loi PLAF Bn. 92 enemy were killed, 4 US KIA and 14 US WIA. Operation LAM SON 67 was terminated on 31 Jan 68 with the beginning of the enemy's Tet Offensive. Results: 527 enemy killed, 263 captured, 2,327 detained, 346 defectors, 56 US KIA, 572 US WIA.

12 Feb. 67-18 Jan. 68
Operation: PERSHING
Location: Bong Son, Tuy An, Tam Quan, Hoa Tan, Sa Huynh, Truong Son, An Qui, Trung Xuan, An Lac, An Lao Valley, Kim Son Valley, Suoi Ca Valley, 506 Valley, Nuoc Dinh Valley, Phu My Valley, Song Re Valley, the Crescent, Nui Mieu, Nui Sang, Cay Giep, Dam Tra-O Lake, Route 1, LZ BRONCO BEACH, LZ CRYSTAL, LZ ENGLISH, LZ GARNET, LZ GERONIMO, LZ GLENN, LZ HAMMOND, LZ IRON, LZ MEADE, LZ PAT, LZ SANDRA, LZ STEEL, LZ TOM, LZ TWO BITS, LZ UPLIFT, Binh Dinh and Quang Ngai Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 1st Cav Div. Task organization (As of 12 Feb): 1 s t Bde: 1-8 Cav, 1-12 Cav, 5-7 Cav, 2-19 Art (-), D/2-17 Art, C/1-21 Art, A/3-18 Art; 2d Bde: 2-5 Cav, 1-5 Cav (-), 1-7 Cav (-), 2-12 Cav, 1-77 Art (-), B/1-8 Art, A/1-21 Art, C/1-30 Art, B/8th Eng; 3d Bde: 2-8 Cav, C/1-5 Cav, 1-21 Art (-), 2-17 Art (-), C/6-16 Art, C/2-19 Art, C/8th Eng; 3d Bde, 25 t h Inf Div (12 Feb-19 Apr): 1-14 Inf, 1-35 Inf, 2-35 Inf (4-19 Apr), 2-9 Art, A/1-77 Art, 5-16 Art, C/3-4 Cav, D/65th Eng; Div Arty: 2-20 Art (-), 7-13 Art (-), B/29 Art, E/82 Art, 3-18 Art (-); Div Troops: 1-9 Cav, 8th Eng Bn (-). Intelligence: 3rd PAVN Div: 18th and 22nd PAVN Rgts, 2nd PLAF Rgt. Execution: ... SEE ABOVE ... Results: 5,
388 enemy killed, 2,356 captured, 10,609 detained, 221 returnees, 852 US KIA, 4,119 US WIA, 22 US MIA.

13 Feb. 67-10 Mar. 68
Operation: ENTERPRISE
Location: Tan An, Rach Kien, Ben Luc, Binh Phuoc, Tan Tru, Doi Ma Creek, Plain of Reeds9, Base Area 371, Route 14, Long An Province. Type: search and destroy, cordon and search, saturation patrolling, eagle flights. Controlling headquarters: 3d Bde, 9th Inf Div. Task organization: 3-39 Inf, 2-60 Inf, 5-60 Inf (M), 2-4 Art, C/15th Eng. Intelligence: 2nd PLAF MF Bn, 506th PLAF LF Bn. Execution: ENTERPRISE was the continuation of the pacification effort of Long An Province initiated the previous year by the 25th Inf Div with Operation LANIKAI. On 13 Feb, 3-39 Inf relieved 2-14 Inf at Rach Kien. Strength of division elements in the province were subsequently increased to brigade size with movement of 2-60 Inf into Tan Tru, 5-60 Inf into Binh Phuoc and Headquarters, 3d Bde into Tan An. The first major engagement occurred on 9 Apr when 3-39 Inf made contact with the 506th PLAF Bn on the bank of Doi Ma Creek. Additional companies were brought in, killing 247 of the enemy. On 2 May, the 506th Bn exacted vengeance on the 3-39 Inf, attacking one of its companies in night defensive position near Route 4. 17 US were KIA and 48 WIA but no enemy bodies were found. The operation was temporarily extended north to the Plain of Reeds area on 8-14 May with sub-operation NIRVANA II directed against the enemy's Base Area 371. Elements of the 3d Bde joined forces with the 4/50 ARVN Bn of the 25th ARVN Div but found nothing, killing only 14 of the enemy. On 14 May, the 2nd PLAF Bn struck the compound of the 2/50 ARVN Bn in Rach Kien, killing 31 South Vietnamese soldiers and wounding 34. 3d Bde units were committed but couldn't regain contact with the attacking force. After that, contact with the enemy dropped sharply for the remainder of 1967, indicating an apparent enemy desire to avoid friendly forces. On 31 Jan 68, the brigade responded to the Tet Offensive, 5-60 Inf engaged in heavy fighting southwest of Saigon in Gia Dinh Province, killing 128 enemy soldiers. From 1-5 Feb, 3-39 Inf and 2-60 Inf were sent to Kien Hoa Province to help recapture Ben Tre, the provincial capital. On 10 Feb, the brigade HQ at Tan An came under attack from an unknown size enemy force. 33 enemy were killed, 4 US KIA and 53 US WIA. During March, brigade elements conducted "Aquabush" operations along the numerous canals south of Saigon in conjunction with the 199th Inf Bde (Lt). Pacification activities decreased sharply during the Tet Offensive and the operation was terminated on 10 March. Results: 2,107 enemy killed, 74 US KIA, 380 US WIA.

14 Feb.67-21 Mar.68
Operation: KITTYHAWK
Location: Long Binh, Xuan Loc, Long Giao, Gia Ray, Suoi Cat, Blackhorse, Route 1, Route 2, Long Khanh and Bien Hoa Province. Type: reconnaissance-in-force, cordon and search, security, road clearing. Controlling headquarters: 9th Inf Div (14 Feb 67-15 Feb 68); 11th ACR (15 Feb-21 Mar 68). Task organization: 3-5 Cav, 1/11 ACR, 2/11 ACR, 3/11 ACR. Intelligence: 275th PLAF Rgt. Execution: The purpose of KITTYHAWK was to secure LOCs and selected installations within Long Khanh Province, conduct reconnaissance-in-force operations and cordon and search of selected hamlets within the AO, secure Blackhorse base camp and the Gia Ray rock quarry and provide ready reaction forces along Route 1. On 21 May, K Troop, 3/11 ACR was ambushed by an estimated reinforced enemy battalion near Suoi Cat on Route 1. 30 enemy are killed, 12 US KIA and 13 US WIA. On 27 Jun 1/11 ACR moved to reinforce the 52nd ARVN Rgr Bn which was in heavy contact with elements of the 3rd Bn, 275th PLAF Rgt, killing 49 of the enemy11. On 30 Dec two enemy companies ambushed Troop C, 3-5 Cav on Route 2. Friendly losses are 10 KIA, 29 WIA and 3 MIA. On 31 Jan 68, in reaction to the VC Tet Offensive, the 3-5 Cav was alerted to respond to enemy activity in the Long Binh-Bien Hoa area. A/3-5 Cav bypassed several roadblocks, breaking through enemy forces and reached the Bien Hoa airfield, sweeping nearby wood lines and killing 40. During the period 2-3 Feb, C/3-5 Cav was sent to defend Xuan Loc against an intense ground attack, killing nearly 50 enemy soldiers. On 15 Feb the KITTYHAWK mission was assumed by the 11th ACR as the 3-5 Cav (-) was directed by HQ USARV to deploy to Da Nang, I CTZ. On 21 Mar, the operation was phased into Operation ALCORN COVE. Results: 201 enemy killed, 7 captured, 1 returnee, 62 US KIA, 224 US WIA.

5 Apr.-11 Oct.
Operation: FRANCIS MARION
Location: Plei Me, Duc Co, Plei Djereng, Plei Mrong, Plei Do Lim, Buon Blech, Se San, Ia Drang, Ia Tchar, Dak Ayun, Dak Payou, Chu Pong, Chu Prong, Chu Goungot, Chu Groh, Route 14, Route 14B, Route 19E, Route 509, Hill 521, LZ OASIS, LZ JACKSON HOLE, Pleiku and Darlac Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 4th Inf Div. Task organization: (effective 7 April): 1 s t Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 1-8 Inf, 3-8 Inf, 3-12 Inf, 6-29 Art, B/4-42 Art, C/3-4 Cav (-), A/4th Eng (-); 2d Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 2-8 Inf (-), 1-12 Inf, 1-22 Inf, Plt B/1-69 Arm, 4-42 Art (-), B/4th Eng (-); TF 1-69 Arm: 1-69 Arm (-), Plt C/2-8 Inf (-), Cav Plt 1-10 Cav, B/3-6 Art, A/5-16 Art; TF 1-10 Cav: 1-10 Cav (-), 3-6 Art (-); Div Arty: 6-14 Art, 5-16 Art (-), 1-92 Art; Div Troops: D/4-60 Art (-), 4th Avn Bn, 4th Eng Bn. Task organization: (effective 26 April): 1 s t Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 1-8 Inf, 3-12 Inf, 6-29 Art (-), C/4-42 Art, A/4th Eng (-); 2d Bde, 4 t h In f Div: 2-8 Inf, 1-12 Inf, 1-22 Inf, 4-42 Art (-), A/6-29 Art, B/4th Eng (-); TF 1-69 Arm: 1-69 Arm (-), 3-6 Art (-); TF 1-10 Cav: 1-10 Cav (-), A/3-6 Art; TF 3-8 Inf: 3-8 Inf, C/6-29 Art, A/5-16 Art; Div Arty: 6-14 Art, 5-16 Art (-), 1-92 Art; Div Troops: D/4-60 Art (-), 4th Avn Bn, 4th Eng Bn. Task organization: (effective 30 May): 1 s t Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 1-8 Inf, 3-8 Inf, 3-12 Inf, 6-29 Art, A/4th Eng (-); 2d Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 2-8 Inf (M), 1-12 Inf, 1-22 Inf, 4-42 Art, B/4th Eng (-); 173d Abn Bde: 1-503 Inf, 2-503 Inf, 4-503 Inf, 3-319 Art, D/16 Arm, E/17 Cav, 173d Eng Co; TF 1-69 Arm: 1-69 Arm (-), 3-6 Art (-); Div Arty: 5-16 Art (-); Div Troops: D/4-60 Art (-), 4th Avn Bn, 4th Eng Bn. Task organization: (effective 24 Sep): 1 s t Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 1-8 Inf, 2-8 Inf (M), 3-8 Inf, 6-29 Art (-), A/4-42 Art,, A/4th Eng (-); 2d Bde, 4 t h Inf Div: 1-12 Inf, 3-12 Inf, 1-22 Inf, 4-42 Art (-), B/6-29 Art, B/4th Eng (-); TF 1-69 Arm: 1-69 Arm (-), 3-6 Art (-); Div Arty: 6-14 Art, 5-16 Art (-), 1-92 Art; Div Troops: 2-1 Cav, D/4-60 Art (-), 4th Avn Bn, 4th Eng Bn. Intelligence: B3 Front, 1st NVA Div (32nd, 66th and 88th Rgts), 10th NVA Div (95B and 101C Rgts), 200th NVA Art Bn, 407th PLAF MF Sapper Bn, H-15 PLAF LF Bn.. Execution: ... SEE ABOVE.... Results: 1,204 enemy killed, 122 detained, 11 returnees, 198 US KIA, 982 US WIA, 8 US MIA.

7 Apr.-10 Jul.
Operation: SABER THRUST
Location: Cu Chi, Trang Bang, Go Dau Ha, Loc Thanh, Phuoc My, Trung Lap, Ap Bau Dung, Filhol Plantation, Hau Nghia Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 25th Inf Div. Task organization: 3-4 Cav (+). Execution: This operation was conducted by 3-4 Cav (+) as an intermittent security operation. All phases involved search and destroy and patrolling operations in the vicinity of Cu Chi and along the Main Supply Route. Phase I was conducted 7-8 Apr vicinity of Trang Bang; Phase II (9-10 Apr) involved a sweep of Loc Thanh with Trps B & D, C/4-23 Inf (M) and A/2-13 Art. Phase III took place between 13-15 Apr around the hamlet of Phuoc My with Trps B & D and B/1-5 Inf (M). Phase IV (17-19 Apr) involved Trps A & D, A/1-5 Inf (M) and A/2-13 Art conducting search and destroy operations vicinity of Trung Lap. Phase V (20-22 Apr) saw trps A & D, B/4-23 Inf (M) and A/7-11 Art sweeping the village of Ap Bau Dung. Phase VI was conducted from 22 May to 5 Jun throughout Cu Chi and Trang Bang Districts. Finally, Phase VII (5-8 Jun, 2-10 Jul) took place in AO centered north of Go Dau Ha. Results: 22 Aka VC Valley. 68 enemy killed, 13 captured, (no info on US losses).

21 Apr.-12 Jul.
Operation: BAC THIEN 817
Location: Tam Quan, Bong Son, LZ ENGLISH, Binh Dinh
Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: VNMC Task Force ALPHA. Task organization: 4th and 5th VNMC Bns, B/VNMC Art Bn. Execution: On 18-19 Apr, Task Force ALPHA flew to LZ ENGLISH to relieve TF BRAVO and began search and destroy and pacification operations in a TAOR including Tam Quan on the north, Bong Son to the south, the portion of Route 1 connecting the two towns, with the South China Sea serving as the eastern boundary, coordinating with the 1st Cav Div's Operation PERSHING. After termination of BAC THIEN, TF ALPHA remained in the area until 26 Jul when it was relieved by TF BRAVO (2nd VNMC Bn and C/VNMV Art Bn) and returned to Thu Duc to prepare for CORONADO II. Results: (no info).

22 Apr.67-2 Jan 68.
Operation: BAKER
Location: Duc Pho, Mo Duc, Vinh Hien, Tan Phong, Dien Truong, An Ba, An Tach, Song Tra Cau, Song Ve, LZ MONTEZUMA (later renamed LZ BRONCO), LZ GUADALCANAL, LZ OLIVE DRAB, LZ LIZ, LZ DRAGON, RAZORBACK Beach, Quang Ngai Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 3d Bde TF, 25th Inf Div (redesignated 3d Bde, 4th Inf Div on 1 Aug). Task organization: 1-14 Inf, 1-35 Inf, 2-35 Inf, 2-9 Art, C/3-4 Cav, B/1-9 Cav, C/2-34 Arm. Intelligence: 1st PLAF Rgt, 2nd PLAF Rgt, 22nd PAVN Rgt. Execution: ...SEE ABOVE... Results: (no info).

11 May-21 Jul.
Operation: -
Location: Rung Sat Special Zone, Gia Dinh Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: VNMC Brigade. Task organization: 6th VNMC Bn, A/VNMC Art Bn, RAG 22. Results: (no info).

13 May-16 Jul.
Operation: CROCKETT
Location: Khe Sanh, Hill 861, Hill 881S, Hill 950, Quang Tri Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 26th Marines (Forward). Task organization: 1/26 Marines, 3/26 Marines (from 13 Jun), A/3d Recon. Intelligence: 325C PAVN Div. Execution: After the end of the First Battle of Khe Sanh ('Khe Sanh Hill Fights'), 1/26 Marines replaced the two battalions from the 3d Marines there. The mission was to occupy key terrain, deny enemy access into the vital areas, conduct aggressive patrolling withing the AO and provide security for the base and adjacent outposts on nearby Hill 881S, 861 and 950. Numerous sightings of the enemy were made during May but there was only occasional contact. On 6 Jun, the radio relay site on Hill 950 received a ground probe, 10 enemy were killed, 6 US KIA and 2 US WIA. The next day, a patrol from B/1/26 made heavy contact with an estimated enemy company. 66 enemy were killed, 18 US KIA and 28 US WIA. Due to the increasing number of enemy contacts, 3/26 Marines arrived at Khe Sanh on 13 Jun. Both battalions had many contacts with isolated enemy forces during the last weeks of the month. On 27 Jun, I/3/26 ran into two NVA companies, killing 35 but during July enemy activity decreased in the Khe Sanh AO and the operation was terminated on 16 Jul. Results: 206 enemy killed, 5 detained, 52 US KIA, 255 WIA.

14 May.-7 Dec.
Operation: KOLE KOLE
Location: Duc Hoa, Bao Trai, Hiep Hoa, Loc Giang, Trang Bang, Song Vam Co Dong, Rach Tra, Xinh An Ha, Route 10, Hau Nghia and Tay Ninh Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 2d Bde, 25th Inf Div. Task organization: 1-5 Inf (M), 1-27 Inf, 2-27 Inf, 1-8 Art. Intelligence: 2nd Go Mon and 269th PLAF LF Bns. Execution: Operation KOLE KOLE was initiated by the 2d Bde in Hau Nghia Province using EAGLE FLIGHTS and airmobile operations based on current intelligence. Cordon and search, outposting and country fair operations were also conducted in conjunction with the 25th ARVN Div, CIDG and RF/PF. On 17 May, elements of 1/27 Inf and 2/27 Inf fought an eight-hour engagement west of the Vam Co Dong with a VC company. Results were 27 enemy killed, 2 US KIA and 9 US WIA. There was intermittent contact during June and July, particularly along the An Ha canal and near Loc Giang. The brigade also secured engineer operations along Route 10 to improve the GVN's authority and control west of Trang Bang. In early August, the reconnaissance platoon of 1/27 Inf with helicopter support intercepted VC recon elements from Long An Province, killing 26. During September, KOLE KOLE shifted to northern Hau Nghai and southwestern Tay Ninh Province. 1-5 Inf (M) conducted extensive dismounted ambush patrols around Loc Giang along the Vam Co while 2-27 Inf engaged scattered elements of the 269th PLAF Bn. On 21 Oct, an EAGLE FLIGHT from 1-27 Inf engaged an estimated enemy platoon south of Tay Ninh, killing 18. On 31 Oct, 2-27 Inf made contact with elements of the 2nd Go Mon Bn north of the Rach Tra, killing 28 and capturing 2. Enemy activity decreased for the rest of KOLE KOLE and the brigade concentrated on pacification and land clearing operations. Results: 797 enemy killed, 150 detained, 34 returnees, 144 US KIA, 876 US WIA

18 May-7 Dec.
Operation: BARKING SANDS
Location: Cu Chi, Trang Bang, Phu Hoa, Iron Triangle, Ho Bo Woods, Song Saigon, Hau Nghia and Binh Duong Provinces. Type: pacification. Controlling headquarters: 1st Bde, 25th Inf Div. Task organization: 4-9 Inf, 2-14 Inf, 4-23 Inf (M), 7-11 Art. Execution: The 1st Bde employed counter guerrilla warfaretechniques including saturation patrolling, checkmate, bushmaster and cordon and search operations to pacify Cu Chi and Trang Bang Districts in Hau Nghia Province and Phu Hoa District in Binh Duong Province. Buddy operations were also conducted with local PF platoons and RF companies. On 30 Aug, 4-9 Inf conducted an airmobile assault against an entrenched VC battalion in the Iron Triangle resulting in 4 enemy killed, 11 US KIA and 43 US WIA. During September, primary emphasis was placed on denying VC access to populated areas during the National Elections. Land clearing operations were also initiated along the Song Saigon to eliminate VC concealment. In October, 9,645 acres of the Ho Bo Woods were cleared by Rome Plows following Operation KUNIA. Contact during BARKING SANDS was limited to squad and platoon size elements and no major engagement occurred. Four sub-operations were conducted in the BARKING SANDS AO during the period: KAWELA, AKUMU,WAIMEA and KUNIA (see individual operations below). Results (inclusive of the four sub-operations): 370 enemy killed, 85 detained, 10 returnees, 110 US KIA, 1114 US WIA.

18 May-7 Dec.
Operation: DIAMOND HEAD
Location: Tay Ninh West, Dau Tieng, Suoi Da, Prek Klok, Ben Cui, Michelin Plantation, Boi Loi Woods, The Crescent, The Trapezoid, Tay Ninh and Binh Duong Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 3d Bde, 4th Inf Div33. Task organization: 2-12 Inf, 2-22 Inf (M), 3-22 Inf, 2-77 Art, 2-34 Arm (-) (from 22 Sep), C/1-10 Cav, C/4th Eng. Execution: The mission was to conduct search and destroy operations in Tay Ninh Province, cordon and search operations in the Michelin Plantation, and security and reinforcement missions in the Tay Ninh and Prek Klok areas. With one battalion detached to Operation UNIONTOWN and another providing security for the Dau Tieng and Tay Ninh West base camps, contact in the AO were very limited during the months of May, June and July. On 1 Aug, the 3d Bde, 4th Inf Div was redesignated the 3d Bde, 25th Inf Div. No movement of troops or units were involved in this redesignation. On 15 Aug, an airmobile cordon and search of Thanh An was conducted by 3-22 Inf in conjunction with VN National Police. 6 enemy were killed and 42 detained. In September, the brigade provided security during the National elections. In October, continued battalion size search and destroy operations were conducted in the Michelin Plantation to prevent its use as an enemy haven, in and south of Ben Cui, and in the northern portion of the Trapezoid, which extends 15 km to the southeast of Dau Tieng. Bushmaster operations were conducted in an area known as the Crescent, 8 km northwest of Dau Tieng. All operations were marked by extremely light contact. In November, operations were conducted in the upper Boi Loi Woods and in the Ben Cui Plantation, again with light contact. During this period operations were curtailed due to two battalions being opcon to the other brigades. On 25-25 Now, 2-22 Inf (M) made contact with a VC company near the Mushroom bend on the Saigon River, killing 20. This was the last contact during DIAMOND HEAD before the operation came to an end on 7 Dec. Results: 237 enemy killed, 496 detained, 4 returnees. (US losses unknown).

21 May-9 Jul.
Operation: CHOCTAW
Location: Phong Dien, Nam Hoa, Co Bi-Thanh Tan, My Chanh, Route 1, Song Thach Ma, Thua Thien Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 4th Marines. Task organization: 1/4 Marines, 2/4 Marines, 3/12 Marines, BLT 1/3 Marines (12-23 Jun). Execution: CHOCTAW targeted the Co Bi Thanh Tan area of Thua Thien Province. Operations were limited to patrol and ambush actions during the deployment of forces to Operation HICKORY. CHOCTAW also provided one rifle company for operations in the Nam Hoa area and security forces for the Quang Tri Provincial Headquarters and the Phong Dien District Headquarters. Operations were characterized by frequent small unit contacts, sniper fire and mine and booby traps incidents. During the period 12-23 Jun SLF ALPHA with BLT 1/3 Marines joined CHOCTAW, sweeping Route 1 along the Thach Ma River, killing only 9 enemy soldiers before returning to Camp Evans. The only major contact in June occurred on the 11th when 2/4 ambushed an enemy company near My Chanh, inflicting heavy casualties. Results: 160 enemy killed, 216 detained, 18 US KIA and 153 US WIA.

1 Jun.-26 Jul.
Operation: CORONADO I
Location: Dong Tam, Can Giuoc, Can Duoc, Go Cong, Cua Soi Rap, Song Vam Co, Song Rach Cac, FSB TANGO, FSB X-RAY (Fort Courage), Binh Xuan Secret Zone, Rung Sat Special Zone, Dinh Tuong, Long An and Go Cong Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 2d Bde, 9th Inf Div (MRF). Task organization: 3-47 Inf, 4-47 Inf, 3-34 Art, D/15th Eng, USN TF 117. Intelligence: 514th PLAF LF Bn, 5th Nha Be PLAF LF Bn. Execution: On 1 Jun, the Mobile Riverine Force was officially activated, with the arrival at Dong Tam of its full navalcomplement. Subsequently, the brigade headquarters, 3-47 Inf, 4-47 Inf and supporting units were placed aboard ship, leaving only 3-60 Inf (TF FUNSTON) ashore to provide base security. During the period 13-17 Jun the fully constituted MRF conducted its first operation in the Rung Sat Special Zone37. Full scale operations however started on 19 Jun when CORONADO I finally went underway. Anchoring at the mouths of the Vam Co, Soi Rap and Rach Cac Rivers, the MRF struck at the 5th Nha Be Bn near the town of Can Giuoc in Long An Province38. On 19 Jun, both battalions converged via helicopter and riverine transports to the target area, meeting heavy resistance. Fighting lasted all day until the remnants of the 5th Nha Be escaped across the Rach Nui under the cover of darkness. 256 enemy had been killed, 21 US KIA and 53 US WIA. Following this engagement, the MRF remained in the area, conducting company-size operations in the RSSZ, Can Duoc District and northern Go Cong Province, coordinating with the 199th Inf Bde (Lt) and 3/46 ARVN Bn. On 4 Jul, the MRF attacked the Binh Xuan Secret Zone, located northwest of Go Cong, co-operating with a provisional Popular Forces battalion. During the next three days, contacts with elements of the 514th PLAF Bn resulted in over 100 enemy killed without a single US casualty. A hundred South Vietnamese deserters and draft dodgers were also apprehended. The MRF returned to Can Giuoc District after the Go Cong operations, conducting riverine assaults along the Rach Cac during the period 20-22 Jul. On 24 Jul, the MRF with the 3rd VNMC Bn and 3/46 ARVN Bn moved to northern Can Giuoc District in an effort to reduce the enemy threat the the district capital. No contact was made and CORONADO I terminated with the MRF returning to Dong Tam. Results: 478 enemy killed, 526 detained, 40 US KIA, 173 US WIA.

1 Jun.67-7 Feb.68
Operation: HOPTAC
Location: Dong Tam, Dinh Tuong Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 9th Inf Div. Task organization: Task Force FUNSTON39. Execution: Operation HOPTAC was an internal defense and development operation in Dinh Tuong Province which included security of the Dong Tam base. Task Force FUNSTON provided land and waterborne security for engineer dredging equipment and maintained a ready reaction force to assist local GVN units and installations if needed. In most cases contact with the VC was characterized by light fire fights and sniper fire. On 1 Feb 68 the enemy fired more than 170 82 mm mortar and 75 mm RR rounds into the base resulting in minor damage and 11 US WIA. In the early morning hours of 3, 4, 5 and 7 Feb, the enemy continued to attack the base with mortar and RR fire. The heaviest attack came on 7 Feb with an estimated 200 rounds fired at the base. Elements of 5-60 Inf and 2-39 Inf conducted reaction airmobile assaults and RIF operations 8 km east of Dong tam, making contact with two VC companies, killing 23 while losing 5 KIA and 11 WIA. Results: 296 enemy killed, 11 captured, 3 returnees, 37 US KIA, 364 US WIA.

8 Jun.-2 Aug.
Operation: MALHEUR II
Location: Base Area 122, Base Area 123, Base Area 124, Song Tra Cau, Song Ve, Song Ne, BASTOGNE AO, ZON AO, NORMANDY AO, LZ CARENTAN, Quang Ngai Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 1st Bde, 101st Abn Div. Task organization: 1-327 Inf, 2-327 Inf, 2-502 Inf, 2-320 Art, C/2-11 Art, A/2-17 Cav, A/326th Eng. Intelligence: 1st and 2nd PLAF Rgts. Execution: On 8 Jun the brigade reoriented its effort into the BASTOGNE AO to the north with 1-327 Inf and 2-327 Inf air assaulting into Base Area 123 and 2-502 Inf air assaulting into 122 the following day. Contacts on the first day resulted in 19 enemy killed, 6 US KIA and 25 US WIA. Contact was sporadic during the first week and on 14 Jun the brigade commenced the evacuation of the civilian population of the Song Tra Cau and southern portion of the Song Ve Valleys to the Nghia Hanh refugee center. On 16 Jun, 1-327 Inf conducted an airmobile assault in the northern portion of the Song Ve Valley, making contact with an estimated enemy battalion. Results were 17 enemy killed, 5 US KIA and 51 US WIA. Evacuation operations were terminated on 23 Jun with 5,757 refugees, 30 tons of rice and 1,196 heads of cattle relocated. Search and destroy operations continued in the ZON AO to the west with 2-502 Inf and 2-327 Inf searching the Song Ne Valley for the 1st PLAF Rgt but without result. On 3 Jul, 1-327 returned to CARENTAN to prepare for operation LAKE. The remaining two battalions continued their search and evacuated the population of the Song Ne. On 10-11 Jul, after receiving intelligence indicating that the 2nd PLAF Rgt had returned south to Base Area 124, 2-327 Inf and 2-502 Inf were reinserted into the old NORMANDY AO but found little. Agent reports, information gained from captured VC and other intelligence indicated that the 1st and 2nd PLAF Rgts were at less than 50% strength and that both were attempting to meet in Base Area 123 in order to form one combat effective regiment. The brigade scheduled a B-52 strike followed by an airmobile assault in the area, but once again little was found and the operation was terminated on 2 Aug. Results (includes MALHEUR I and MALHEUR II): 869 enemy killed, 80 captured, 81 US KIA, 594 US WIA, 1 US MIA.

8 Jun.-15 Sep.
Operation: CUMBERLAND
Location: Nam Hoa, Gia Le, Route 547, Route 548, A Shau Valley, Thua Thien Province. Type: security, road construction, artillery raid. Controlling headquarters: 4th Marines. Task organization: 1/4 Marines, 2-94 Art. Execution: This infantry and engineer operation provided for the upgrading and construction of a land-line of communication from Hue along Routes 547 and 548 toward the A Shau Valley and the establishment of an artillery FSB in the vicinity of YD 605085. On 7 Jul, 1/4 displaced to Dong Ha leaving only A/1/4 to provide security for the working parties. CUMBERLAND resumed on 17 Jul. In Aug, Army 175mm guns from 2-94 Art were introduced into the area to fire H&I missions into the A Shau. Contact with the enemy was very light during the entire operation and CUMBERLAND was terminated at the start of the monsoon season. Results: 5 US KIA, 88 US WIA, no info on enemy losses.

11 Jun.-14 Jul.
Operation: DAN CHI/289/A
Location: Phong Dinh Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 21st ARVN Div. Results: 210 enemy killed, 217 detained, 5 ARVN KIA, 60 ARVN WIA

15 Jun.-14 Jul.
Operation: BLACKJACK 26
Location: Kontum and Binh Dinh Provinces. Type: mobile guerrilla. Controlling headquarters: 5th SFGA. Task Organization: 23rd Co, A-219 MIKE Force. Execution: operation took place in northeastern Kontum and western Binh Dinh Provinces. Only 4 contacts were made with no confirmed enemy casualties. Results: 2 MIKE KIA, 3 USSF WIA, 3 MIKE WIA.

18 Jun.-12 Oct.
Operation: GREELEY
Location: Kontum, Dak To, Tan Canh, Dak Seang, Dak Pek, Toumorong, Dak Poko, Dak Akoi, Hill 830, Hill 1338, FSB 4, Kontum Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 4th Inf Div. Task organization: 173d Abn Bde: 1-503 Inf, 2-503 Inf, 4-503 Inf, 3-319 Art, E/17 Cav, D/16 Arm, 173d Eng Co; 3d Bde, 1st Cav Div (24 Jun-25 Jul): 1-7 Cav, 5-7 Cav, 2-12 Cav, 1-21 Art; 1st ARVN Abn TF (24 Jun-25 Jul): 3d, 5th and 8th ARVN Abn Bns; 24th STZ: 1/42 Inf. Intelligence: 24th and 174th PAVN Rgts, K101D PAVN Bn, 304th PLAF MF Bn, 200th PLAF Art Bn, H-15 PLAF LF Bn . Execution: From 1-18 Jun, the 173d Abn Bde continued participation in Operation FRANCIS MARION, searching further south and east in the Ia Drang Valley. The brigade deployed the 1-503 Inf and 2-503 Inf into the AO, holding 4-503 Inf in reserve at Catecka. No significant contact was made. On 17 Jun, TF MC QUARRIE (2-503 Inf, E/17 Cav, A/3-319 Art) moved by air and motor convoy to the New Dak To Airfield, joined the following day by 1-503 Inf. The mission, named GREELEY, was to assume opcon of the CIDG Camp at Dak To under threat from the 24th PAVN Rgt and assist in its defense. On 18 Jun, 2-503 Inf began searching south of Dak To toward the huge mass of Hill 1338 (Ngok Bor Beang). C/1-503 Inf was also inserted into the area to search for a missing SF and CIDG team which had been destroyed by the NVA on 15-16 Jun, 1400 meters southwest of their camp. On 22 Jun, after a fruitless search of Hill 1338, 2-503 Inf was instructed to return to Dak To on foot. Shortly after leaving its NDP, A/2-503 bumped into an enemy battalion from the 24th PAVN Rgt42 while descending the slopes of Hill 1338. Two platoons were cut off and annihilated while the rest of the company formed a small perimeter and called supporting fires. Cos B and C were rushed to the rescue but arrived too late. 76 Americans had been killed, some executed point blank by the enemy, and 23 wounded. 106 enemy bodies were counted in the battle area. This action became known as 'The Battle of the Slopes' and as one of the costliest engagement for US forces in Vietnam. Concerned by the size of the battle and the US losses, General Larsen at I FFORCEV decided to reinforce GREELEY. On 23 Jun, 2-12 Cav arrived from the PERSHING AO while the rest of the 173d Abn Bde (CP (-) and 4-503 Inf) closed Dak To from Catecka. The next day, 24 Jun, the 3d Bde, 1st Cav Div (-) and 1st ARVN Abn TF arrived at Kontum. The Allied forces went after the 24th PAVN Rgt, seeking to destroy it. In the next two weeks, the 173d Abn Bde and 2-12 Cav searched west and south of Dak To while the 3d Bde, 1st Cav Div and the ARVN Abn TF entered the Dak Akoi Valley northeast of Kontum and 35 km east of Dak To. The sweep found little evidence of the enemy's presence and on 25 Jul the cavalry brigade returned to the coast, while the Vietnamese task force stood down at Kontum to serve as a mobile reaction force. Southwest of Dak To on 10 Jul, 4-503 Inf, while searching for a regimental headquarters, found an occupied enemy bunker complex on Hill 830. Battle raged until 12 Jul with 22 US KIA and 62 US WIA but only 9 enemy bodies found. This was the last significant contact on the month. On 19 Jul, 2 NVA soldiers rallied at Dak Pek CIDG Camp, stating that they were 42 Later identified as the 6th Bn, 24th PAVN Rgt. from the newly infiltrated 174th PAVN Rgt. They were proved correct on 6 Aug when the 1/42 ARVN Bn made heavy contact with that unit 8 km west of the Dak Seang CIDG Camp. The ARVN Abn TF was rushed into the area and fought a bitter twoday battle to capture a hill believed to have been the location of the regimental CP, killing 189 of the enemy. On 9 Aug, 4-503 Inf moved to Dak Pek, joining the 1-503 Inf already there since 4 Aug, but the two battalions found little. Contacts were so low in August that the 173d Abn Bde was credited with only 4 enemy killed. During the period 1-18 Sep, the brigade continued GREELEY in the Dak To – Dak Seang area, supporting CIDG Operation DARBY, but contact was minimal. On 17 Sep, the brigade (-) began moving by air to Tuy Hoa to begin Operation BOLLING. Only 4-503 Inf and A/3-319 stayed at Dak To, forming Task Force 77 with the 3rd ARVN Abn Bn, 1/42 ARVN Bn and 27th MIKE Force Co for an expedition in the Toumorong Valley that lasted nearly three weeks but found nothing. On 11 Oct, TF 77 was disbanded and that same day, 2-503 Inf and A/3-319 Art departed for Tuy Hoa, terminating Operation GREELEY. Results: 191 enemy killed, 17 captured, 129 US KIA, 210 US WIA. (no info on ARVN losses).

2-14 Jul.
Operation: BUFFALO
Location: Dong Ha, Con Thien, Route 561, The Marketplace, Demilitarized Zone, Song Be Hai, Quang Tri Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 3d Mar Div. Task organization: BLT 1/3 Marines, BLT 2/3 Marines, 1/9 Marines, 3/9 Marines, 3/12 Marines. Intelligence: 90th PAVN Rgt. Execution: BUFFALO was the successor to Operation CIMARRON, initially utilizing the same forces. On 2 Jul, while operating northeast of Con Thien along Route 561 in an area called the Marketplace, 1/9 Marines was attacked by an estimated two enemy battalions of the 90th PAVN Rgt. Very heavy fighting took place all day, 1/9 receiving more than 700 rounds of mortar and artillery. Co B was virtually destroyed with only 27 survivors. The arrival of 3/9 Marines from Dong Ha in the afternoon forced the enemy to break contact. 1/9 had lost 84 KIA, 190 WIA and 9 MIA. No accurate count of enemy killed could be established. Contact continued during the next three days, 3-5 Jul. On 3 Jul, the 9th Marines was reinforced by both Special Landing Forces, SLF ALPHA in Operation BEAR CLAW and SLF BRAVO in Operation BEAVER TRACK46. 3/9 and the battered 1/9 pushed north to recover missing bodies, meeting heavy resistance, 3/9 losing 15 KIA and 33 WIA. Contacts diminished on 5 Jul and the grim task of recovering Company B's dead could be completed. On 6 Jul, all four battalions including both BLT 1/3 and BLT 2/3 continued moving north following preparatory fires. As they advanced, they encountered increasingly heavy artillery fire and by 1600 they could go no further. 600 rounds hit 3/9 Marines and about 1,000 landed on BLT 1/3. 400 NVAs were spotted crossing the Ben Hai and heading directly at the two battalions. 3/9 engaged the enemy column at less than 150 meters distance and killed 154 by bodycount, losing only 12 WIA. On 7 Jul, a 152mm howitzer round scored a direct hit on the command bunker of 1/9 at Con Thien, killing 11 and wounding 18. The last significant engagement of BUFFALO too place on 8 Jul southwest of Con Thien when BLT 2/3 discovered a bunker complex. Fighting lasted all day, 118 enemy were killed, 14 US KIA and 43 US WIA. After this action, the Marines encountered only mines and harassing fire and BUFFALO closed on 14 Jul. Results: 1,281 enemy killed, 14 detained, 159 US KIA, 885 US WIA, 9 MIA.

3-8 Jul.
Operation: BEAR CLAW
Location: Con Thien, LZ HAWK, Quang Tri Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: SLF ALPHA. Task organization: BLT 1/3 Marines. Execution: On 3 Jul, BLT 1/3 was rushed into the BUFFALO AO to reinforce the 9th Marines heavily engaged with the 90th PAVN Rgt, landing on LZ HAWK a mile southeast of Con Thien and tying in to the right flank of 3/9 Marines. The BLT swept toward the DMZ, helping in the recovery of 1/9 Marines casualties until being withdrawn on 8 Jul47. Results: 424 enemy killed, 8 US KIA, 179 US WIA.

3-9 Jul.
Operation: DRAGON HEAD
Location: Quang Ngai Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 2d ROKMC Bde. Task organization: 1st, 2d and 3d ROKMC Bns. Results: (no info).

3 Jul.67-7 Apr.68
Operation: RILEY
Location: Bearcat, Camp Martin Cox, Bien Hoa Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 1st Bde, 9th Inf Div; TF FORSYTH (from 10 Feb). Task organization: 2-39 Inf, 4-39 Inf, 2-47 Inf (M), 3-5 Cav, 1-11 Art, TF FORSYTH. Execution: Operation RILEY was an internal defense and development operation in Bien Hoa Province and included defense of Camp Martin Cox. When not engaged in strike operations, Headquarters, 1st Bde assumed opcon of all elements engaged in RILEY, including TF FORSYTH (a provisional Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment located at Camp Martin Cox). In the absence of the 1st Bde, TF FORSYTH was allocated sufficient forces to secure the camp and to conduct limited consolidation operations in the area. On 31 Jan 68 in response to the VC Tet Offensive, elements of the 2-47 Inf (M) and 4-39 Inf moved to Long Binh Post for perimeter security. Working in coordination with 2-3 Inf from the 199th Inf Bde (Lt), the two battalions had multiple contacts with the enemy during the day near Ho Nai, killing 213 by bodycount and capturing 32. US losses were 4 KIA and 23 WIA. On 10 Feb 68, the 1st Bde moved to Dong Tam and TF FORSYTH assumed responsibility until termination. Results: 472 enemy killed, 41 detained, 2 returnees, 64 US KIA, 315 US WIA.

4-14 Jul.
Operation: BEAVER TRACK
Location: Cam Lo, Con Thien, LZ CANARY, Quang Tri Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: SLF BRAVO. Task organization: BLT 2/3 Marines. Execution: On 4 Jul, SLF BRAVO was inserted on LZ CANARY north of Cam Lo to reinforce the 9th Marines on Operation BUFFALO. BLT 2/3 moved north toward the DMZ on 5 Jul, making several contacts with elements of the 29th PAVN Rgt. On 8 Jul, a bunker complex was overrun, with 118 enemies killed. The BLT remained in the area after 12 Jul to join in Operation HICKORY II48. Results: (included in Operation BUFFALO).

5-9 Jul.
Operation: LION
Location: III CTZ. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 11th ACR. Execution: (no oher info). 5-9 Jul. Operation: CUU LONG/62/67 Location: Kien Hoa Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 7th ARVN Div. Execution: operation conducted southeast of Ben Tre with support from RAGs 21, 26 and 33. Results: 22 enemy killed, 42 captured, 56 detained, 3 ARVN KIA, 3 VNN KIA, 19 ARVN WIA, 3 VNN WIA.

6-12 Jul.
Operation: LAKE
Location: Dien Truong, Sa Huynh, Route 1, Quang Ngai Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 1st Bde, 101st Abn Div. Task organization: 1-327 Inf, A/2-17 Cav. 1 Plt C/2-34 Arm. Execution: Operation LAKE was conducted concurrently with Operation MALHEUR II to provide security for engineer operations on Route 1 between Sa Huyng and Dien Truong. Results: 6 enemy killed, 1 captured, 6 US KIA, 2 US WIA.

6-16 Jul.
Operation: PADDINGTON
Location: Xuyen Moc, FSB TOM, FSB MIKE, FSB BILL, FSB JOHN, LZ BUCK, LZ DICK, LZ BOB, LZ JACK, LZ BERT, Phuoc Tuy Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 9th Inf Div (Fwd). Task organization: 1st Bde, 9th inv Div: 48 See Operation BUFFALO for more details. 2-39 Inf, 4-39 Inf, 3-5 Cav, 1-11 Art (-); 1ATF: 2RAR, 7RAR, 2-47 Inf (M), 1/11 ACR, A Sqn 3 Cav, 4 Fld Rgt, B/1-11, Art, B/2-35 Art, C/1-84 Art; VNMC TF BRAVO: 2nd and 3rd VNMC Bns; 18th ARVN Div: 2/43 ARVN Bn. . Intelligence: 274th PLAF Rgt. Execution: Operation PADDINGTON was controlled by the 9th Inf Div Forward CP established at Nui Dat. It took place in an area northwest of Xuyen Moc, with the 1st Bde, 9th Inf Div and VNMC TF operating in the northwestern portion of the AO and the 1ATF in the southeastern portion. The only major contact took place on 12 Jul when the 3rd VNMC Bn engaged a battalion from the 274th PLAF Rgt, killing 40. A major accomplishment of PADDINGTON was the successful employment of a tri-nation force in a previously inaccessible area to significantly disrupt installations an activities of the 5th PLAF Div. Results: 92 enemy killed, 1 AUS KIA, 1 AUS WIA, 11 VNMC KIA, 31 VNMC WIA (US losses unknown).

7-9 Jul.
Operation: LAM SON 79
Location: Quang Tri Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 1st ARVN Div. Results: 207 enemy killed, 12 detained, 14 ARVN KIA, 77 ARVN WIA.

7 Jul-16 Aug.
Operation: 7-67/SAMURAI I
Location: A Shau Valley, Happy Valley, Thuat Thien and Quang Nam Provinces. Type: reconnaissance. Controlling headquarters: 5th SFA. Task organization: Det B-52 Project DELTA, 81st ARVN Abn Rgr Bn. Execution: Operation searched areas from the northern stretches of the A Shau Valley into Happy Valley, west of Da Nang. Results: (no info)

New Operations

8-26 Jul.
Operation: AKUMU/XAY DUONG
Location: Phu Hoa Dong, Filhol Plantation, Binh Duong Province. Type: cordon and search. Controlling headquarters: 1st Bde, 25th Inf Div; 7th ARVN Rgt. Task organization: 1st Bde, 9th Inf Div: 4-9 Inf, 2-14 Inf, 4-23 Inf (M), 3-4 Cav (-), 7-11 Art; 7th ARVN Rgt (-). Intelligence: 2nd Go Mon PLAF LF Bn, 7th Cu Chi PLAF LF Bn. Execution: Operation AKUMU was a sub operation of BARKING SANDS. The mission was to conduct a cordon and search and pacification operation in Phu Hoa Dong village located 5 km northeast of the Cu Chi Base Camp. The 1st Bde would cordon the village in Operation AKUMU while the 7th ARVN Rgt would conduct search and clearing of the village in Operation XAY DUONG. Contact with the enemy was minimal but 273 bunkers and 74 tunnels were destroyed. Results: 15 enemy killed, 1 returnee (friendly losses unknown).

8 Jul.-26 Aug.
Operation: HONG KIL DONG
Location: Dong Tre, Cung Son, The Hub, Song Ky Lo, Phu Yen, Phu Bon and Khanh Hoa Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: ROK Field Command, Vietnam. Task organization49: CRID (-), WHRID (-). Intelligence: 5th PAVN Div (18B and 95th PAVN Rgts). Execution: The first phase of Operation HONG KIL DONG, named after a legendary Korean folk hero, was targeted at the 95th PAVN Rgt believed to be located in the mountainous area known as 'The Hub”, northwest of Tuy Hoa. Four battalions from the CRID deployed south of Dong Tre to attack southeast and three battalions of the WHRID staged at Cung Son to assault northeast while two battalions from the 47th ARVN Rgt would occupy blocking positions to the east. Moving out after B-52s had blanketed the target, the Koreans met little resistance at first, pressing forward methodically and encountering several company-size base camps and caves, claiming 500 enemy killed by 25 Jul. On 12 Aug, the second phase of HONG KIL DONG began with the two divisions conducting separate offensives. The CRID moved northeast into the Song Ky Lo Valley, searching the headquarters of the 5th PAVN Division. The drive ended on the morning of 25 Aug when the Koreans reached the Phu Yen-Phu Bon provincial border without making any significant contacts. Meanwhile, the WHRID sent three battalions into a base area along the Phu Yen-Khanh Hoa border but they too found no trace of their target, the 18B PAVN Rgt. Results: 638 enemy killed, 88 captured, 26 ROK KIA, 63 ROK WIA.

8 Jul.-30 Oct.
Operation: MARCH I
Location: Plei Trap Valley, Kontum Province. Type: reconnaissance. Controlling headquarters: 5th SFGA. Task organization: B-50 Det Project OMEGA. Execution: Long range reconnaissance and intelligence gathering conducted in the Plei Trap Valley. Results: (no info).

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Jason Petho
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Re: Vietnam

Post by Jason Petho »

Ongoing Operations today in 1967

26 Aug.66-20 Jan.68
Operation: BYRD
Location: Phan Thiet, LZ BETTY, Binh Thuan Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: I FFORCEV. Task organization: TF 2-7: 2-7 Cav, C/1-9 Cav, A/1-21 Art, C/2-20 Art (-), C/8th Eng Bn (-), C/229th Avn Bn, Det 228th Avn Bn. Execution: Planned as a short-term, economy-of-force measure, BYRD became a continuous offensive that would last into 1968. Upon I FFORCEV request, the 1st Cav Div detached at battalion-size task force to help pacify isolated Binh Thuan Province in southern II Corps. Results (at year's end): 351 enemy killed, 151 detained, 8 US KIA, 85 US WIA.

1 Oct.66-17 Jan 68
Operation: DAZZLEM
Location: Camp Radcliff, An Khe, Binh Dinh Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 1st Cav Div. Task organization: Base Defense Task Force. Execution: Operation DAZZLEM was the contingency plan for the defense of Camp Radcliff provided by one infantry battalion with supporting artillery and
reinforcing personnel from residence units. On 17 Jan 68, the 173d Abn Bde relieved the 1st Cav Div from the mission of defending An Khe. Results: 80 enemy killed, 9 detained.

11 Oct.66-17 Nov.67
Operation: UNIONTOWN II
Location: Long Binh, Bien Hoa Province Type: security. Controlling headquarters: II FFORCEV. Execution: Operation UNIONTOWN was a security operation designed to protect the Long Binh logistical complex, RMK Rock Quarry and II FFORCEV Headquarters. Units were assigned on a rotation basis from each major command under II FFORCEV.

30 Nov. 66-15 Dec.67
Operation: FAIRFAX/RANG DONG
Location: Nha Be, Thu Duc and Binh Chanh Districts, Gia Dinh Province. Type: pacification. Controlling headquarters: II FFORCEV, CMD. Task organization: 1st Inf Div (30 Nov 66-31 Jan 67): 2-16 Inf; 4th Inf Div (30 Nov 66-31 Jan 67): 3-22 Inf; 25th Inf Div (30 Nov 66-31 Jan 67): 4-9 Inf; CMD (30 Nov 66-31 Jan 67): 3rd and 5th ARVN Abn Bns, 30th Ranger Bn; 199th LIB (31 Jan-15 Dec.): 2-3 Inf, 3-7 Inf, 4-12 Inf, 2-40 Art; 5th ARVN Ranger Group (31 Jan.-15 Dec): 30th, 33rd and 38th ARVN Ranger Bns. Intelligence: Military Region 4, 165A PLAF Regiment. Execution: ... SEE ABOVE... Results (end of 1966): 149 enemy killed, 40 detained, 11 US KIA, 67 US WIA, 23 ARVN KIA, 58 ARVN WIA, 1 ARVN MIA.

1 Feb.-23 Sep.
Operation: LAM SON 142/AB/P3
Location: Quang Tri and Thua Thien Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 1st ARVN Div. Results: 435 enemy killed, 33 detained, 172 ARVN KIA, 420 ARVN WIA, 31 ARVN MIA.

8 Feb.67-31 Jan.68
Operation: LAM SON 67
Location: Phu Loi, An My, Ong Dong Jungle, Binh Duong, Bien Hoa and Gia Dinh Provinces. Type: search and destroy, cordon and search, saturation patrolling, security, jungle clearing. Controlling headquarters: 2d Bde, 1st Inf Div (8 Feb-17 Mar, 17 Apr 67-31 Jan 68); 3d Bde, 1st Inf Div (17 Mar-17 Apr). Task organization: 1st Inf Div Revolutionary Development Task Force (various infantry, cavalry and support units were assigned on a rotation basis during the period). Execution: The operation supported the GVN's Revolutionary Development Program in conjunction with ARVN units in Binh Duong, Bien Hoa and Gia Dinh Provinces. LAM SON 67 consisted of cordon and search, reconnaissance in force, harassment, jungle clearing, population control, civic action and psychological warfare operations directed against priority targets. Contact in the AO was characterized by light sporadic incidents with local VC elements. On 6 Jan 68, the Phu Loi base camp received 123 rounds of mixed mortar fire, 46 aircraft were damaged and 6 US WIA. Reacting to the attack, A/2-18 Inf and B/2-2 Inf (M) swept the area to the north of the base and contacted two enemy companies of the Phu Loi PLAF Bn. 92 enemy were killed, 4 US KIA and 14 US WIA. Operation LAM SON 67 was terminated on 31 Jan 68 with the beginning of the enemy's Tet Offensive. Results: 527 enemy killed, 263 captured, 2,327 detained, 346 defectors, 56 US KIA, 572 US WIA.

12 Feb. 67-18 Jan. 68
Operation: PERSHING
Location: Bong Son, Tuy An, Tam Quan, Hoa Tan, Sa Huynh, Truong Son, An Qui, Trung Xuan, An Lac, An Lao Valley, Kim Son Valley, Suoi Ca Valley, 506 Valley, Nuoc Dinh Valley, Phu My Valley, Song Re Valley, the Crescent, Nui Mieu, Nui Sang, Cay Giep, Dam Tra-O Lake, Route 1, LZ BRONCO BEACH, LZ CRYSTAL, LZ ENGLISH, LZ GARNET, LZ GERONIMO, LZ GLENN, LZ HAMMOND, LZ IRON, LZ MEADE, LZ PAT, LZ SANDRA, LZ STEEL, LZ TOM, LZ TWO BITS, LZ UPLIFT, Binh Dinh and Quang Ngai Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 1st Cav Div. Task organization (As of 12 Feb): 1 s t Bde: 1-8 Cav, 1-12 Cav, 5-7 Cav, 2-19 Art (-), D/2-17 Art, C/1-21 Art, A/3-18 Art; 2d Bde: 2-5 Cav, 1-5 Cav (-), 1-7 Cav (-), 2-12 Cav, 1-77 Art (-), B/1-8 Art, A/1-21 Art, C/1-30 Art, B/8th Eng; 3d Bde: 2-8 Cav, C/1-5 Cav, 1-21 Art (-), 2-17 Art (-), C/6-16 Art, C/2-19 Art, C/8th Eng; 3d Bde, 25 t h Inf Div (12 Feb-19 Apr): 1-14 Inf, 1-35 Inf, 2-35 Inf (4-19 Apr), 2-9 Art, A/1-77 Art, 5-16 Art, C/3-4 Cav, D/65th Eng; Div Arty: 2-20 Art (-), 7-13 Art (-), B/29 Art, E/82 Art, 3-18 Art (-); Div Troops: 1-9 Cav, 8th Eng Bn (-). Intelligence: 3rd PAVN Div: 18th and 22nd PAVN Rgts, 2nd PLAF Rgt. Execution: ... SEE ABOVE ... Results: 5,
388 enemy killed, 2,356 captured, 10,609 detained, 221 returnees, 852 US KIA, 4,119 US WIA, 22 US MIA.

13 Feb. 67-10 Mar. 68
Operation: ENTERPRISE
Location: Tan An, Rach Kien, Ben Luc, Binh Phuoc, Tan Tru, Doi Ma Creek, Plain of Reeds9, Base Area 371, Route 14, Long An Province. Type: search and destroy, cordon and search, saturation patrolling, eagle flights. Controlling headquarters: 3d Bde, 9th Inf Div. Task organization: 3-39 Inf, 2-60 Inf, 5-60 Inf (M), 2-4 Art, C/15th Eng. Intelligence: 2nd PLAF MF Bn, 506th PLAF LF Bn. Execution: ENTERPRISE was the continuation of the pacification effort of Long An Province initiated the previous year by the 25th Inf Div with Operation LANIKAI. On 13 Feb, 3-39 Inf relieved 2-14 Inf at Rach Kien. Strength of division elements in the province were subsequently increased to brigade size with movement of 2-60 Inf into Tan Tru, 5-60 Inf into Binh Phuoc and Headquarters, 3d Bde into Tan An. The first major engagement occurred on 9 Apr when 3-39 Inf made contact with the 506th PLAF Bn on the bank of Doi Ma Creek. Additional companies were brought in, killing 247 of the enemy. On 2 May, the 506th Bn exacted vengeance on the 3-39 Inf, attacking one of its companies in night defensive position near Route 4. 17 US were KIA and 48 WIA but no enemy bodies were found. The operation was temporarily extended north to the Plain of Reeds area on 8-14 May with sub-operation NIRVANA II directed against the enemy's Base Area 371. Elements of the 3d Bde joined forces with the 4/50 ARVN Bn of the 25th ARVN Div but found nothing, killing only 14 of the enemy. On 14 May, the 2nd PLAF Bn struck the compound of the 2/50 ARVN Bn in Rach Kien, killing 31 South Vietnamese soldiers and wounding 34. 3d Bde units were committed but couldn't regain contact with the attacking force. After that, contact with the enemy dropped sharply for the remainder of 1967, indicating an apparent enemy desire to avoid friendly forces. On 31 Jan 68, the brigade responded to the Tet Offensive, 5-60 Inf engaged in heavy fighting southwest of Saigon in Gia Dinh Province, killing 128 enemy soldiers. From 1-5 Feb, 3-39 Inf and 2-60 Inf were sent to Kien Hoa Province to help recapture Ben Tre, the provincial capital. On 10 Feb, the brigade HQ at Tan An came under attack from an unknown size enemy force. 33 enemy were killed, 4 US KIA and 53 US WIA. During March, brigade elements conducted "Aquabush" operations along the numerous canals south of Saigon in conjunction with the 199th Inf Bde (Lt). Pacification activities decreased sharply during the Tet Offensive and the operation was terminated on 10 March. Results: 2,107 enemy killed, 74 US KIA, 380 US WIA.

14 Feb.67-21 Mar.68
Operation: KITTYHAWK
Location: Long Binh, Xuan Loc, Long Giao, Gia Ray, Suoi Cat, Blackhorse, Route 1, Route 2, Long Khanh and Bien Hoa Province. Type: reconnaissance-in-force, cordon and search, security, road clearing. Controlling headquarters: 9th Inf Div (14 Feb 67-15 Feb 68); 11th ACR (15 Feb-21 Mar 68). Task organization: 3-5 Cav, 1/11 ACR, 2/11 ACR, 3/11 ACR. Intelligence: 275th PLAF Rgt. Execution: The purpose of KITTYHAWK was to secure LOCs and selected installations within Long Khanh Province, conduct reconnaissance-in-force operations and cordon and search of selected hamlets within the AO, secure Blackhorse base camp and the Gia Ray rock quarry and provide ready reaction forces along Route 1. On 21 May, K Troop, 3/11 ACR was ambushed by an estimated reinforced enemy battalion near Suoi Cat on Route 1. 30 enemy are killed, 12 US KIA and 13 US WIA. On 27 Jun 1/11 ACR moved to reinforce the 52nd ARVN Rgr Bn which was in heavy contact with elements of the 3rd Bn, 275th PLAF Rgt, killing 49 of the enemy11. On 30 Dec two enemy companies ambushed Troop C, 3-5 Cav on Route 2. Friendly losses are 10 KIA, 29 WIA and 3 MIA. On 31 Jan 68, in reaction to the VC Tet Offensive, the 3-5 Cav was alerted to respond to enemy activity in the Long Binh-Bien Hoa area. A/3-5 Cav bypassed several roadblocks, breaking through enemy forces and reached the Bien Hoa airfield, sweeping nearby wood lines and killing 40. During the period 2-3 Feb, C/3-5 Cav was sent to defend Xuan Loc against an intense ground attack, killing nearly 50 enemy soldiers. On 15 Feb the KITTYHAWK mission was assumed by the 11th ACR as the 3-5 Cav (-) was directed by HQ USARV to deploy to Da Nang, I CTZ. On 21 Mar, the operation was phased into Operation ALCORN COVE. Results: 201 enemy killed, 7 captured, 1 returnee, 62 US KIA, 224 US WIA.

5 Apr.-11 Oct.
Operation: FRANCIS MARION
Location: Plei Me, Duc Co, Plei Djereng, Plei Mrong, Plei Do Lim, Buon Blech, Se San, Ia Drang, Ia Tchar, Dak Ayun, Dak Payou, Chu Pong, Chu Prong, Chu Goungot, Chu Groh, Route 14, Route 14B, Route 19E, Route 509, Hill 521, LZ OASIS, LZ JACKSON HOLE, Pleiku and Darlac Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 4th Inf Div. Task organization: (effective 7 April): 1 s t Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 1-8 Inf, 3-8 Inf, 3-12 Inf, 6-29 Art, B/4-42 Art, C/3-4 Cav (-), A/4th Eng (-); 2d Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 2-8 Inf (-), 1-12 Inf, 1-22 Inf, Plt B/1-69 Arm, 4-42 Art (-), B/4th Eng (-); TF 1-69 Arm: 1-69 Arm (-), Plt C/2-8 Inf (-), Cav Plt 1-10 Cav, B/3-6 Art, A/5-16 Art; TF 1-10 Cav: 1-10 Cav (-), 3-6 Art (-); Div Arty: 6-14 Art, 5-16 Art (-), 1-92 Art; Div Troops: D/4-60 Art (-), 4th Avn Bn, 4th Eng Bn. Task organization: (effective 26 April): 1 s t Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 1-8 Inf, 3-12 Inf, 6-29 Art (-), C/4-42 Art, A/4th Eng (-); 2d Bde, 4 t h In f Div: 2-8 Inf, 1-12 Inf, 1-22 Inf, 4-42 Art (-), A/6-29 Art, B/4th Eng (-); TF 1-69 Arm: 1-69 Arm (-), 3-6 Art (-); TF 1-10 Cav: 1-10 Cav (-), A/3-6 Art; TF 3-8 Inf: 3-8 Inf, C/6-29 Art, A/5-16 Art; Div Arty: 6-14 Art, 5-16 Art (-), 1-92 Art; Div Troops: D/4-60 Art (-), 4th Avn Bn, 4th Eng Bn. Task organization: (effective 30 May): 1 s t Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 1-8 Inf, 3-8 Inf, 3-12 Inf, 6-29 Art, A/4th Eng (-); 2d Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 2-8 Inf (M), 1-12 Inf, 1-22 Inf, 4-42 Art, B/4th Eng (-); 173d Abn Bde: 1-503 Inf, 2-503 Inf, 4-503 Inf, 3-319 Art, D/16 Arm, E/17 Cav, 173d Eng Co; TF 1-69 Arm: 1-69 Arm (-), 3-6 Art (-); Div Arty: 5-16 Art (-); Div Troops: D/4-60 Art (-), 4th Avn Bn, 4th Eng Bn. Task organization: (effective 24 Sep): 1 s t Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 1-8 Inf, 2-8 Inf (M), 3-8 Inf, 6-29 Art (-), A/4-42 Art,, A/4th Eng (-); 2d Bde, 4 t h Inf Div: 1-12 Inf, 3-12 Inf, 1-22 Inf, 4-42 Art (-), B/6-29 Art, B/4th Eng (-); TF 1-69 Arm: 1-69 Arm (-), 3-6 Art (-); Div Arty: 6-14 Art, 5-16 Art (-), 1-92 Art; Div Troops: 2-1 Cav, D/4-60 Art (-), 4th Avn Bn, 4th Eng Bn. Intelligence: B3 Front, 1st NVA Div (32nd, 66th and 88th Rgts), 10th NVA Div (95B and 101C Rgts), 200th NVA Art Bn, 407th PLAF MF Sapper Bn, H-15 PLAF LF Bn.. Execution: ... SEE ABOVE.... Results: 1,204 enemy killed, 122 detained, 11 returnees, 198 US KIA, 982 US WIA, 8 US MIA.

7 Apr.-10 Jul.
Operation: SABER THRUST
Location: Cu Chi, Trang Bang, Go Dau Ha, Loc Thanh, Phuoc My, Trung Lap, Ap Bau Dung, Filhol Plantation, Hau Nghia Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 25th Inf Div. Task organization: 3-4 Cav (+). Execution: This operation was conducted by 3-4 Cav (+) as an intermittent security operation. All phases involved search and destroy and patrolling operations in the vicinity of Cu Chi and along the Main Supply Route. Phase I was conducted 7-8 Apr vicinity of Trang Bang; Phase II (9-10 Apr) involved a sweep of Loc Thanh with Trps B & D, C/4-23 Inf (M) and A/2-13 Art. Phase III took place between 13-15 Apr around the hamlet of Phuoc My with Trps B & D and B/1-5 Inf (M). Phase IV (17-19 Apr) involved Trps A & D, A/1-5 Inf (M) and A/2-13 Art conducting search and destroy operations vicinity of Trung Lap. Phase V (20-22 Apr) saw trps A & D, B/4-23 Inf (M) and A/7-11 Art sweeping the village of Ap Bau Dung. Phase VI was conducted from 22 May to 5 Jun throughout Cu Chi and Trang Bang Districts. Finally, Phase VII (5-8 Jun, 2-10 Jul) took place in AO centered north of Go Dau Ha. Results: 22 Aka VC Valley. 68 enemy killed, 13 captured, (no info on US losses).

21 Apr.-12 Jul.
Operation: BAC THIEN 817
Location: Tam Quan, Bong Son, LZ ENGLISH, Binh Dinh
Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: VNMC Task Force ALPHA. Task organization: 4th and 5th VNMC Bns, B/VNMC Art Bn. Execution: On 18-19 Apr, Task Force ALPHA flew to LZ ENGLISH to relieve TF BRAVO and began search and destroy and pacification operations in a TAOR including Tam Quan on the north, Bong Son to the south, the portion of Route 1 connecting the two towns, with the South China Sea serving as the eastern boundary, coordinating with the 1st Cav Div's Operation PERSHING. After termination of BAC THIEN, TF ALPHA remained in the area until 26 Jul when it was relieved by TF BRAVO (2nd VNMC Bn and C/VNMV Art Bn) and returned to Thu Duc to prepare for CORONADO II. Results: (no info).

22 Apr.67-2 Jan 68.
Operation: BAKER
Location: Duc Pho, Mo Duc, Vinh Hien, Tan Phong, Dien Truong, An Ba, An Tach, Song Tra Cau, Song Ve, LZ MONTEZUMA (later renamed LZ BRONCO), LZ GUADALCANAL, LZ OLIVE DRAB, LZ LIZ, LZ DRAGON, RAZORBACK Beach, Quang Ngai Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 3d Bde TF, 25th Inf Div (redesignated 3d Bde, 4th Inf Div on 1 Aug). Task organization: 1-14 Inf, 1-35 Inf, 2-35 Inf, 2-9 Art, C/3-4 Cav, B/1-9 Cav, C/2-34 Arm. Intelligence: 1st PLAF Rgt, 2nd PLAF Rgt, 22nd PAVN Rgt. Execution: ...SEE ABOVE... Results: (no info).

11 May-21 Jul.
Operation: -
Location: Rung Sat Special Zone, Gia Dinh Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: VNMC Brigade. Task organization: 6th VNMC Bn, A/VNMC Art Bn, RAG 22. Results: (no info).

13 May-16 Jul.
Operation: CROCKETT
Location: Khe Sanh, Hill 861, Hill 881S, Hill 950, Quang Tri Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 26th Marines (Forward). Task organization: 1/26 Marines, 3/26 Marines (from 13 Jun), A/3d Recon. Intelligence: 325C PAVN Div. Execution: After the end of the First Battle of Khe Sanh ('Khe Sanh Hill Fights'), 1/26 Marines replaced the two battalions from the 3d Marines there. The mission was to occupy key terrain, deny enemy access into the vital areas, conduct aggressive patrolling withing the AO and provide security for the base and adjacent outposts on nearby Hill 881S, 861 and 950. Numerous sightings of the enemy were made during May but there was only occasional contact. On 6 Jun, the radio relay site on Hill 950 received a ground probe, 10 enemy were killed, 6 US KIA and 2 US WIA. The next day, a patrol from B/1/26 made heavy contact with an estimated enemy company. 66 enemy were killed, 18 US KIA and 28 US WIA. Due to the increasing number of enemy contacts, 3/26 Marines arrived at Khe Sanh on 13 Jun. Both battalions had many contacts with isolated enemy forces during the last weeks of the month. On 27 Jun, I/3/26 ran into two NVA companies, killing 35 but during July enemy activity decreased in the Khe Sanh AO and the operation was terminated on 16 Jul. Results: 206 enemy killed, 5 detained, 52 US KIA, 255 WIA.

14 May.-7 Dec.
Operation: KOLE KOLE
Location: Duc Hoa, Bao Trai, Hiep Hoa, Loc Giang, Trang Bang, Song Vam Co Dong, Rach Tra, Xinh An Ha, Route 10, Hau Nghia and Tay Ninh Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 2d Bde, 25th Inf Div. Task organization: 1-5 Inf (M), 1-27 Inf, 2-27 Inf, 1-8 Art. Intelligence: 2nd Go Mon and 269th PLAF LF Bns. Execution: Operation KOLE KOLE was initiated by the 2d Bde in Hau Nghia Province using EAGLE FLIGHTS and airmobile operations based on current intelligence. Cordon and search, outposting and country fair operations were also conducted in conjunction with the 25th ARVN Div, CIDG and RF/PF. On 17 May, elements of 1/27 Inf and 2/27 Inf fought an eight-hour engagement west of the Vam Co Dong with a VC company. Results were 27 enemy killed, 2 US KIA and 9 US WIA. There was intermittent contact during June and July, particularly along the An Ha canal and near Loc Giang. The brigade also secured engineer operations along Route 10 to improve the GVN's authority and control west of Trang Bang. In early August, the reconnaissance platoon of 1/27 Inf with helicopter support intercepted VC recon elements from Long An Province, killing 26. During September, KOLE KOLE shifted to northern Hau Nghai and southwestern Tay Ninh Province. 1-5 Inf (M) conducted extensive dismounted ambush patrols around Loc Giang along the Vam Co while 2-27 Inf engaged scattered elements of the 269th PLAF Bn. On 21 Oct, an EAGLE FLIGHT from 1-27 Inf engaged an estimated enemy platoon south of Tay Ninh, killing 18. On 31 Oct, 2-27 Inf made contact with elements of the 2nd Go Mon Bn north of the Rach Tra, killing 28 and capturing 2. Enemy activity decreased for the rest of KOLE KOLE and the brigade concentrated on pacification and land clearing operations. Results: 797 enemy killed, 150 detained, 34 returnees, 144 US KIA, 876 US WIA

18 May-7 Dec.
Operation: BARKING SANDS
Location: Cu Chi, Trang Bang, Phu Hoa, Iron Triangle, Ho Bo Woods, Song Saigon, Hau Nghia and Binh Duong Provinces. Type: pacification. Controlling headquarters: 1st Bde, 25th Inf Div. Task organization: 4-9 Inf, 2-14 Inf, 4-23 Inf (M), 7-11 Art. Execution: The 1st Bde employed counter guerrilla warfaretechniques including saturation patrolling, checkmate, bushmaster and cordon and search operations to pacify Cu Chi and Trang Bang Districts in Hau Nghia Province and Phu Hoa District in Binh Duong Province. Buddy operations were also conducted with local PF platoons and RF companies. On 30 Aug, 4-9 Inf conducted an airmobile assault against an entrenched VC battalion in the Iron Triangle resulting in 4 enemy killed, 11 US KIA and 43 US WIA. During September, primary emphasis was placed on denying VC access to populated areas during the National Elections. Land clearing operations were also initiated along the Song Saigon to eliminate VC concealment. In October, 9,645 acres of the Ho Bo Woods were cleared by Rome Plows following Operation KUNIA. Contact during BARKING SANDS was limited to squad and platoon size elements and no major engagement occurred. Four sub-operations were conducted in the BARKING SANDS AO during the period: KAWELA, AKUMU,WAIMEA and KUNIA (see individual operations below). Results (inclusive of the four sub-operations): 370 enemy killed, 85 detained, 10 returnees, 110 US KIA, 1114 US WIA.

18 May-7 Dec.
Operation: DIAMOND HEAD
Location: Tay Ninh West, Dau Tieng, Suoi Da, Prek Klok, Ben Cui, Michelin Plantation, Boi Loi Woods, The Crescent, The Trapezoid, Tay Ninh and Binh Duong Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 3d Bde, 4th Inf Div33. Task organization: 2-12 Inf, 2-22 Inf (M), 3-22 Inf, 2-77 Art, 2-34 Arm (-) (from 22 Sep), C/1-10 Cav, C/4th Eng. Execution: The mission was to conduct search and destroy operations in Tay Ninh Province, cordon and search operations in the Michelin Plantation, and security and reinforcement missions in the Tay Ninh and Prek Klok areas. With one battalion detached to Operation UNIONTOWN and another providing security for the Dau Tieng and Tay Ninh West base camps, contact in the AO were very limited during the months of May, June and July. On 1 Aug, the 3d Bde, 4th Inf Div was redesignated the 3d Bde, 25th Inf Div. No movement of troops or units were involved in this redesignation. On 15 Aug, an airmobile cordon and search of Thanh An was conducted by 3-22 Inf in conjunction with VN National Police. 6 enemy were killed and 42 detained. In September, the brigade provided security during the National elections. In October, continued battalion size search and destroy operations were conducted in the Michelin Plantation to prevent its use as an enemy haven, in and south of Ben Cui, and in the northern portion of the Trapezoid, which extends 15 km to the southeast of Dau Tieng. Bushmaster operations were conducted in an area known as the Crescent, 8 km northwest of Dau Tieng. All operations were marked by extremely light contact. In November, operations were conducted in the upper Boi Loi Woods and in the Ben Cui Plantation, again with light contact. During this period operations were curtailed due to two battalions being opcon to the other brigades. On 25-25 Now, 2-22 Inf (M) made contact with a VC company near the Mushroom bend on the Saigon River, killing 20. This was the last contact during DIAMOND HEAD before the operation came to an end on 7 Dec. Results: 237 enemy killed, 496 detained, 4 returnees. (US losses unknown).

21 May-9 Jul.
Operation: CHOCTAW
Location: Phong Dien, Nam Hoa, Co Bi-Thanh Tan, My Chanh, Route 1, Song Thach Ma, Thua Thien Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 4th Marines. Task organization: 1/4 Marines, 2/4 Marines, 3/12 Marines, BLT 1/3 Marines (12-23 Jun). Execution: CHOCTAW targeted the Co Bi Thanh Tan area of Thua Thien Province. Operations were limited to patrol and ambush actions during the deployment of forces to Operation HICKORY. CHOCTAW also provided one rifle company for operations in the Nam Hoa area and security forces for the Quang Tri Provincial Headquarters and the Phong Dien District Headquarters. Operations were characterized by frequent small unit contacts, sniper fire and mine and booby traps incidents. During the period 12-23 Jun SLF ALPHA with BLT 1/3 Marines joined CHOCTAW, sweeping Route 1 along the Thach Ma River, killing only 9 enemy soldiers before returning to Camp Evans. The only major contact in June occurred on the 11th when 2/4 ambushed an enemy company near My Chanh, inflicting heavy casualties. Results: 160 enemy killed, 216 detained, 18 US KIA and 153 US WIA.

1 Jun.-26 Jul.
Operation: CORONADO I
Location: Dong Tam, Can Giuoc, Can Duoc, Go Cong, Cua Soi Rap, Song Vam Co, Song Rach Cac, FSB TANGO, FSB X-RAY (Fort Courage), Binh Xuan Secret Zone, Rung Sat Special Zone, Dinh Tuong, Long An and Go Cong Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 2d Bde, 9th Inf Div (MRF). Task organization: 3-47 Inf, 4-47 Inf, 3-34 Art, D/15th Eng, USN TF 117. Intelligence: 514th PLAF LF Bn, 5th Nha Be PLAF LF Bn. Execution: On 1 Jun, the Mobile Riverine Force was officially activated, with the arrival at Dong Tam of its full navalcomplement. Subsequently, the brigade headquarters, 3-47 Inf, 4-47 Inf and supporting units were placed aboard ship, leaving only 3-60 Inf (TF FUNSTON) ashore to provide base security. During the period 13-17 Jun the fully constituted MRF conducted its first operation in the Rung Sat Special Zone37. Full scale operations however started on 19 Jun when CORONADO I finally went underway. Anchoring at the mouths of the Vam Co, Soi Rap and Rach Cac Rivers, the MRF struck at the 5th Nha Be Bn near the town of Can Giuoc in Long An Province38. On 19 Jun, both battalions converged via helicopter and riverine transports to the target area, meeting heavy resistance. Fighting lasted all day until the remnants of the 5th Nha Be escaped across the Rach Nui under the cover of darkness. 256 enemy had been killed, 21 US KIA and 53 US WIA. Following this engagement, the MRF remained in the area, conducting company-size operations in the RSSZ, Can Duoc District and northern Go Cong Province, coordinating with the 199th Inf Bde (Lt) and 3/46 ARVN Bn. On 4 Jul, the MRF attacked the Binh Xuan Secret Zone, located northwest of Go Cong, co-operating with a provisional Popular Forces battalion. During the next three days, contacts with elements of the 514th PLAF Bn resulted in over 100 enemy killed without a single US casualty. A hundred South Vietnamese deserters and draft dodgers were also apprehended. The MRF returned to Can Giuoc District after the Go Cong operations, conducting riverine assaults along the Rach Cac during the period 20-22 Jul. On 24 Jul, the MRF with the 3rd VNMC Bn and 3/46 ARVN Bn moved to northern Can Giuoc District in an effort to reduce the enemy threat the the district capital. No contact was made and CORONADO I terminated with the MRF returning to Dong Tam. Results: 478 enemy killed, 526 detained, 40 US KIA, 173 US WIA.

1 Jun.67-7 Feb.68
Operation: HOPTAC
Location: Dong Tam, Dinh Tuong Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 9th Inf Div. Task organization: Task Force FUNSTON39. Execution: Operation HOPTAC was an internal defense and development operation in Dinh Tuong Province which included security of the Dong Tam base. Task Force FUNSTON provided land and waterborne security for engineer dredging equipment and maintained a ready reaction force to assist local GVN units and installations if needed. In most cases contact with the VC was characterized by light fire fights and sniper fire. On 1 Feb 68 the enemy fired more than 170 82 mm mortar and 75 mm RR rounds into the base resulting in minor damage and 11 US WIA. In the early morning hours of 3, 4, 5 and 7 Feb, the enemy continued to attack the base with mortar and RR fire. The heaviest attack came on 7 Feb with an estimated 200 rounds fired at the base. Elements of 5-60 Inf and 2-39 Inf conducted reaction airmobile assaults and RIF operations 8 km east of Dong tam, making contact with two VC companies, killing 23 while losing 5 KIA and 11 WIA. Results: 296 enemy killed, 11 captured, 3 returnees, 37 US KIA, 364 US WIA.

8 Jun.-2 Aug.
Operation: MALHEUR II
Location: Base Area 122, Base Area 123, Base Area 124, Song Tra Cau, Song Ve, Song Ne, BASTOGNE AO, ZON AO, NORMANDY AO, LZ CARENTAN, Quang Ngai Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 1st Bde, 101st Abn Div. Task organization: 1-327 Inf, 2-327 Inf, 2-502 Inf, 2-320 Art, C/2-11 Art, A/2-17 Cav, A/326th Eng. Intelligence: 1st and 2nd PLAF Rgts. Execution: On 8 Jun the brigade reoriented its effort into the BASTOGNE AO to the north with 1-327 Inf and 2-327 Inf air assaulting into Base Area 123 and 2-502 Inf air assaulting into 122 the following day. Contacts on the first day resulted in 19 enemy killed, 6 US KIA and 25 US WIA. Contact was sporadic during the first week and on 14 Jun the brigade commenced the evacuation of the civilian population of the Song Tra Cau and southern portion of the Song Ve Valleys to the Nghia Hanh refugee center. On 16 Jun, 1-327 Inf conducted an airmobile assault in the northern portion of the Song Ve Valley, making contact with an estimated enemy battalion. Results were 17 enemy killed, 5 US KIA and 51 US WIA. Evacuation operations were terminated on 23 Jun with 5,757 refugees, 30 tons of rice and 1,196 heads of cattle relocated. Search and destroy operations continued in the ZON AO to the west with 2-502 Inf and 2-327 Inf searching the Song Ne Valley for the 1st PLAF Rgt but without result. On 3 Jul, 1-327 returned to CARENTAN to prepare for operation LAKE. The remaining two battalions continued their search and evacuated the population of the Song Ne. On 10-11 Jul, after receiving intelligence indicating that the 2nd PLAF Rgt had returned south to Base Area 124, 2-327 Inf and 2-502 Inf were reinserted into the old NORMANDY AO but found little. Agent reports, information gained from captured VC and other intelligence indicated that the 1st and 2nd PLAF Rgts were at less than 50% strength and that both were attempting to meet in Base Area 123 in order to form one combat effective regiment. The brigade scheduled a B-52 strike followed by an airmobile assault in the area, but once again little was found and the operation was terminated on 2 Aug. Results (includes MALHEUR I and MALHEUR II): 869 enemy killed, 80 captured, 81 US KIA, 594 US WIA, 1 US MIA.

8 Jun.-15 Sep.
Operation: CUMBERLAND
Location: Nam Hoa, Gia Le, Route 547, Route 548, A Shau Valley, Thua Thien Province. Type: security, road construction, artillery raid. Controlling headquarters: 4th Marines. Task organization: 1/4 Marines, 2-94 Art. Execution: This infantry and engineer operation provided for the upgrading and construction of a land-line of communication from Hue along Routes 547 and 548 toward the A Shau Valley and the establishment of an artillery FSB in the vicinity of YD 605085. On 7 Jul, 1/4 displaced to Dong Ha leaving only A/1/4 to provide security for the working parties. CUMBERLAND resumed on 17 Jul. In Aug, Army 175mm guns from 2-94 Art were introduced into the area to fire H&I missions into the A Shau. Contact with the enemy was very light during the entire operation and CUMBERLAND was terminated at the start of the monsoon season. Results: 5 US KIA, 88 US WIA, no info on enemy losses.

11 Jun.-14 Jul.
Operation: DAN CHI/289/A
Location: Phong Dinh Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 21st ARVN Div. Results: 210 enemy killed, 217 detained, 5 ARVN KIA, 60 ARVN WIA

15 Jun.-14 Jul.
Operation: BLACKJACK 26
Location: Kontum and Binh Dinh Provinces. Type: mobile guerrilla. Controlling headquarters: 5th SFGA. Task Organization: 23rd Co, A-219 MIKE Force. Execution: operation took place in northeastern Kontum and western Binh Dinh Provinces. Only 4 contacts were made with no confirmed enemy casualties. Results: 2 MIKE KIA, 3 USSF WIA, 3 MIKE WIA.

18 Jun.-12 Oct.
Operation: GREELEY
Location: Kontum, Dak To, Tan Canh, Dak Seang, Dak Pek, Toumorong, Dak Poko, Dak Akoi, Hill 830, Hill 1338, FSB 4, Kontum Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 4th Inf Div. Task organization: 173d Abn Bde: 1-503 Inf, 2-503 Inf, 4-503 Inf, 3-319 Art, E/17 Cav, D/16 Arm, 173d Eng Co; 3d Bde, 1st Cav Div (24 Jun-25 Jul): 1-7 Cav, 5-7 Cav, 2-12 Cav, 1-21 Art; 1st ARVN Abn TF (24 Jun-25 Jul): 3d, 5th and 8th ARVN Abn Bns; 24th STZ: 1/42 Inf. Intelligence: 24th and 174th PAVN Rgts, K101D PAVN Bn, 304th PLAF MF Bn, 200th PLAF Art Bn, H-15 PLAF LF Bn . Execution: From 1-18 Jun, the 173d Abn Bde continued participation in Operation FRANCIS MARION, searching further south and east in the Ia Drang Valley. The brigade deployed the 1-503 Inf and 2-503 Inf into the AO, holding 4-503 Inf in reserve at Catecka. No significant contact was made. On 17 Jun, TF MC QUARRIE (2-503 Inf, E/17 Cav, A/3-319 Art) moved by air and motor convoy to the New Dak To Airfield, joined the following day by 1-503 Inf. The mission, named GREELEY, was to assume opcon of the CIDG Camp at Dak To under threat from the 24th PAVN Rgt and assist in its defense. On 18 Jun, 2-503 Inf began searching south of Dak To toward the huge mass of Hill 1338 (Ngok Bor Beang). C/1-503 Inf was also inserted into the area to search for a missing SF and CIDG team which had been destroyed by the NVA on 15-16 Jun, 1400 meters southwest of their camp. On 22 Jun, after a fruitless search of Hill 1338, 2-503 Inf was instructed to return to Dak To on foot. Shortly after leaving its NDP, A/2-503 bumped into an enemy battalion from the 24th PAVN Rgt42 while descending the slopes of Hill 1338. Two platoons were cut off and annihilated while the rest of the company formed a small perimeter and called supporting fires. Cos B and C were rushed to the rescue but arrived too late. 76 Americans had been killed, some executed point blank by the enemy, and 23 wounded. 106 enemy bodies were counted in the battle area. This action became known as 'The Battle of the Slopes' and as one of the costliest engagement for US forces in Vietnam. Concerned by the size of the battle and the US losses, General Larsen at I FFORCEV decided to reinforce GREELEY. On 23 Jun, 2-12 Cav arrived from the PERSHING AO while the rest of the 173d Abn Bde (CP (-) and 4-503 Inf) closed Dak To from Catecka. The next day, 24 Jun, the 3d Bde, 1st Cav Div (-) and 1st ARVN Abn TF arrived at Kontum. The Allied forces went after the 24th PAVN Rgt, seeking to destroy it. In the next two weeks, the 173d Abn Bde and 2-12 Cav searched west and south of Dak To while the 3d Bde, 1st Cav Div and the ARVN Abn TF entered the Dak Akoi Valley northeast of Kontum and 35 km east of Dak To. The sweep found little evidence of the enemy's presence and on 25 Jul the cavalry brigade returned to the coast, while the Vietnamese task force stood down at Kontum to serve as a mobile reaction force. Southwest of Dak To on 10 Jul, 4-503 Inf, while searching for a regimental headquarters, found an occupied enemy bunker complex on Hill 830. Battle raged until 12 Jul with 22 US KIA and 62 US WIA but only 9 enemy bodies found. This was the last significant contact on the month. On 19 Jul, 2 NVA soldiers rallied at Dak Pek CIDG Camp, stating that they were 42 Later identified as the 6th Bn, 24th PAVN Rgt. from the newly infiltrated 174th PAVN Rgt. They were proved correct on 6 Aug when the 1/42 ARVN Bn made heavy contact with that unit 8 km west of the Dak Seang CIDG Camp. The ARVN Abn TF was rushed into the area and fought a bitter twoday battle to capture a hill believed to have been the location of the regimental CP, killing 189 of the enemy. On 9 Aug, 4-503 Inf moved to Dak Pek, joining the 1-503 Inf already there since 4 Aug, but the two battalions found little. Contacts were so low in August that the 173d Abn Bde was credited with only 4 enemy killed. During the period 1-18 Sep, the brigade continued GREELEY in the Dak To – Dak Seang area, supporting CIDG Operation DARBY, but contact was minimal. On 17 Sep, the brigade (-) began moving by air to Tuy Hoa to begin Operation BOLLING. Only 4-503 Inf and A/3-319 stayed at Dak To, forming Task Force 77 with the 3rd ARVN Abn Bn, 1/42 ARVN Bn and 27th MIKE Force Co for an expedition in the Toumorong Valley that lasted nearly three weeks but found nothing. On 11 Oct, TF 77 was disbanded and that same day, 2-503 Inf and A/3-319 Art departed for Tuy Hoa, terminating Operation GREELEY. Results: 191 enemy killed, 17 captured, 129 US KIA, 210 US WIA. (no info on ARVN losses).

2-14 Jul.
Operation: BUFFALO
Location: Dong Ha, Con Thien, Route 561, The Marketplace, Demilitarized Zone, Song Be Hai, Quang Tri Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 3d Mar Div. Task organization: BLT 1/3 Marines, BLT 2/3 Marines, 1/9 Marines, 3/9 Marines, 3/12 Marines. Intelligence: 90th PAVN Rgt. Execution: BUFFALO was the successor to Operation CIMARRON, initially utilizing the same forces. On 2 Jul, while operating northeast of Con Thien along Route 561 in an area called the Marketplace, 1/9 Marines was attacked by an estimated two enemy battalions of the 90th PAVN Rgt. Very heavy fighting took place all day, 1/9 receiving more than 700 rounds of mortar and artillery. Co B was virtually destroyed with only 27 survivors. The arrival of 3/9 Marines from Dong Ha in the afternoon forced the enemy to break contact. 1/9 had lost 84 KIA, 190 WIA and 9 MIA. No accurate count of enemy killed could be established. Contact continued during the next three days, 3-5 Jul. On 3 Jul, the 9th Marines was reinforced by both Special Landing Forces, SLF ALPHA in Operation BEAR CLAW and SLF BRAVO in Operation BEAVER TRACK46. 3/9 and the battered 1/9 pushed north to recover missing bodies, meeting heavy resistance, 3/9 losing 15 KIA and 33 WIA. Contacts diminished on 5 Jul and the grim task of recovering Company B's dead could be completed. On 6 Jul, all four battalions including both BLT 1/3 and BLT 2/3 continued moving north following preparatory fires. As they advanced, they encountered increasingly heavy artillery fire and by 1600 they could go no further. 600 rounds hit 3/9 Marines and about 1,000 landed on BLT 1/3. 400 NVAs were spotted crossing the Ben Hai and heading directly at the two battalions. 3/9 engaged the enemy column at less than 150 meters distance and killed 154 by bodycount, losing only 12 WIA. On 7 Jul, a 152mm howitzer round scored a direct hit on the command bunker of 1/9 at Con Thien, killing 11 and wounding 18. The last significant engagement of BUFFALO too place on 8 Jul southwest of Con Thien when BLT 2/3 discovered a bunker complex. Fighting lasted all day, 118 enemy were killed, 14 US KIA and 43 US WIA. After this action, the Marines encountered only mines and harassing fire and BUFFALO closed on 14 Jul. Results: 1,281 enemy killed, 14 detained, 159 US KIA, 885 US WIA, 9 MIA.

3-9 Jul.
Operation: DRAGON HEAD
Location: Quang Ngai Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 2d ROKMC Bde. Task organization: 1st, 2d and 3d ROKMC Bns. Results: (no info).

3 Jul.67-7 Apr.68
Operation: RILEY
Location: Bearcat, Camp Martin Cox, Bien Hoa Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 1st Bde, 9th Inf Div; TF FORSYTH (from 10 Feb). Task organization: 2-39 Inf, 4-39 Inf, 2-47 Inf (M), 3-5 Cav, 1-11 Art, TF FORSYTH. Execution: Operation RILEY was an internal defense and development operation in Bien Hoa Province and included defense of Camp Martin Cox. When not engaged in strike operations, Headquarters, 1st Bde assumed opcon of all elements engaged in RILEY, including TF FORSYTH (a provisional Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment located at Camp Martin Cox). In the absence of the 1st Bde, TF FORSYTH was allocated sufficient forces to secure the camp and to conduct limited consolidation operations in the area. On 31 Jan 68 in response to the VC Tet Offensive, elements of the 2-47 Inf (M) and 4-39 Inf moved to Long Binh Post for perimeter security. Working in coordination with 2-3 Inf from the 199th Inf Bde (Lt), the two battalions had multiple contacts with the enemy during the day near Ho Nai, killing 213 by bodycount and capturing 32. US losses were 4 KIA and 23 WIA. On 10 Feb 68, the 1st Bde moved to Dong Tam and TF FORSYTH assumed responsibility until termination. Results: 472 enemy killed, 41 detained, 2 returnees, 64 US KIA, 315 US WIA.

4-14 Jul.
Operation: BEAVER TRACK
Location: Cam Lo, Con Thien, LZ CANARY, Quang Tri Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: SLF BRAVO. Task organization: BLT 2/3 Marines. Execution: On 4 Jul, SLF BRAVO was inserted on LZ CANARY north of Cam Lo to reinforce the 9th Marines on Operation BUFFALO. BLT 2/3 moved north toward the DMZ on 5 Jul, making several contacts with elements of the 29th PAVN Rgt. On 8 Jul, a bunker complex was overrun, with 118 enemies killed. The BLT remained in the area after 12 Jul to join in Operation HICKORY II48. Results: (included in Operation BUFFALO).

5-9 Jul.
Operation: LION
Location: III CTZ. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 11th ACR. Execution: (no oher info). 5-9 Jul. Operation: CUU LONG/62/67 Location: Kien Hoa Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 7th ARVN Div. Execution: operation conducted southeast of Ben Tre with support from RAGs 21, 26 and 33. Results: 22 enemy killed, 42 captured, 56 detained, 3 ARVN KIA, 3 VNN KIA, 19 ARVN WIA, 3 VNN WIA.

6-12 Jul.
Operation: LAKE
Location: Dien Truong, Sa Huynh, Route 1, Quang Ngai Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 1st Bde, 101st Abn Div. Task organization: 1-327 Inf, A/2-17 Cav. 1 Plt C/2-34 Arm. Execution: Operation LAKE was conducted concurrently with Operation MALHEUR II to provide security for engineer operations on Route 1 between Sa Huyng and Dien Truong. Results: 6 enemy killed, 1 captured, 6 US KIA, 2 US WIA.

6-16 Jul.
Operation: PADDINGTON
Location: Xuyen Moc, FSB TOM, FSB MIKE, FSB BILL, FSB JOHN, LZ BUCK, LZ DICK, LZ BOB, LZ JACK, LZ BERT, Phuoc Tuy Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 9th Inf Div (Fwd). Task organization: 1st Bde, 9th inv Div: 48 See Operation BUFFALO for more details. 2-39 Inf, 4-39 Inf, 3-5 Cav, 1-11 Art (-); 1ATF: 2RAR, 7RAR, 2-47 Inf (M), 1/11 ACR, A Sqn 3 Cav, 4 Fld Rgt, B/1-11, Art, B/2-35 Art, C/1-84 Art; VNMC TF BRAVO: 2nd and 3rd VNMC Bns; 18th ARVN Div: 2/43 ARVN Bn. . Intelligence: 274th PLAF Rgt. Execution: Operation PADDINGTON was controlled by the 9th Inf Div Forward CP established at Nui Dat. It took place in an area northwest of Xuyen Moc, with the 1st Bde, 9th Inf Div and VNMC TF operating in the northwestern portion of the AO and the 1ATF in the southeastern portion. The only major contact took place on 12 Jul when the 3rd VNMC Bn engaged a battalion from the 274th PLAF Rgt, killing 40. A major accomplishment of PADDINGTON was the successful employment of a tri-nation force in a previously inaccessible area to significantly disrupt installations an activities of the 5th PLAF Div. Results: 92 enemy killed, 1 AUS KIA, 1 AUS WIA, 11 VNMC KIA, 31 VNMC WIA (US losses unknown).

7-9 Jul.
Operation: LAM SON 79
Location: Quang Tri Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 1st ARVN Div. Results: 207 enemy killed, 12 detained, 14 ARVN KIA, 77 ARVN WIA.

7 Jul-16 Aug.
Operation: 7-67/SAMURAI I
Location: A Shau Valley, Happy Valley, Thuat Thien and Quang Nam Provinces. Type: reconnaissance. Controlling headquarters: 5th SFA. Task organization: Det B-52 Project DELTA, 81st ARVN Abn Rgr Bn. Execution: Operation searched areas from the northern stretches of the A Shau Valley into Happy Valley, west of Da Nang. Results: (no info)

8-26 Jul.
Operation: AKUMU/XAY DUONG
Location: Phu Hoa Dong, Filhol Plantation, Binh Duong Province. Type: cordon and search. Controlling headquarters: 1st Bde, 25th Inf Div; 7th ARVN Rgt. Task organization: 1st Bde, 9th Inf Div: 4-9 Inf, 2-14 Inf, 4-23 Inf (M), 3-4 Cav (-), 7-11 Art; 7th ARVN Rgt (-). Intelligence: 2nd Go Mon PLAF LF Bn, 7th Cu Chi PLAF LF Bn. Execution: Operation AKUMU was a sub operation of BARKING SANDS. The mission was to conduct a cordon and search and pacification operation in Phu Hoa Dong village located 5 km northeast of the Cu Chi Base Camp. The 1st Bde would cordon the village in Operation AKUMU while the 7th ARVN Rgt would conduct search and clearing of the village in Operation XAY DUONG. Contact with the enemy was minimal but 273 bunkers and 74 tunnels were destroyed. Results: 15 enemy killed, 1 returnee (friendly losses unknown).

8 Jul.-26 Aug.
Operation: HONG KIL DONG
Location: Dong Tre, Cung Son, The Hub, Song Ky Lo, Phu Yen, Phu Bon and Khanh Hoa Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: ROK Field Command, Vietnam. Task organization49: CRID (-), WHRID (-). Intelligence: 5th PAVN Div (18B and 95th PAVN Rgts). Execution: The first phase of Operation HONG KIL DONG, named after a legendary Korean folk hero, was targeted at the 95th PAVN Rgt believed to be located in the mountainous area known as 'The Hub”, northwest of Tuy Hoa. Four battalions from the CRID deployed south of Dong Tre to attack southeast and three battalions of the WHRID staged at Cung Son to assault northeast while two battalions from the 47th ARVN Rgt would occupy blocking positions to the east. Moving out after B-52s had blanketed the target, the Koreans met little resistance at first, pressing forward methodically and encountering several company-size base camps and caves, claiming 500 enemy killed by 25 Jul. On 12 Aug, the second phase of HONG KIL DONG began with the two divisions conducting separate offensives. The CRID moved northeast into the Song Ky Lo Valley, searching the headquarters of the 5th PAVN Division. The drive ended on the morning of 25 Aug when the Koreans reached the Phu Yen-Phu Bon provincial border without making any significant contacts. Meanwhile, the WHRID sent three battalions into a base area along the Phu Yen-Khanh Hoa border but they too found no trace of their target, the 18B PAVN Rgt. Results: 638 enemy killed, 88 captured, 26 ROK KIA, 63 ROK WIA.

8 Jul.-30 Oct.
Operation: MARCH I
Location: Plei Trap Valley, Kontum Province. Type: reconnaissance. Controlling headquarters: 5th SFGA. Task organization: B-50 Det Project OMEGA. Execution: Long range reconnaissance and intelligence gathering conducted in the Plei Trap Valley. Results: (no info).

New Operations

9-11 Jul.
Operation: QUYET THANG/96/G
Location: Quang Ngai Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 2nd ARVN Division. Results: 53 enemy killed, 4 detained, 5 ARVN WIA, 2 ARVN MIA.

Other

9 Jul.
VC terrorists detonate claymore mine at Capital BEQ in Saigon, and scattered sniper fire breaks out after explosion. Results are 17 US WIA, 2 VN civilians killed and 19 wounded.
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Jason Petho
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Re: Vietnam

Post by Jason Petho »

Ongoing Operations today in 1967

26 Aug.66-20 Jan.68
Operation: BYRD
Location: Phan Thiet, LZ BETTY, Binh Thuan Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: I FFORCEV. Task organization: TF 2-7: 2-7 Cav, C/1-9 Cav, A/1-21 Art, C/2-20 Art (-), C/8th Eng Bn (-), C/229th Avn Bn, Det 228th Avn Bn. Execution: Planned as a short-term, economy-of-force measure, BYRD became a continuous offensive that would last into 1968. Upon I FFORCEV request, the 1st Cav Div detached at battalion-size task force to help pacify isolated Binh Thuan Province in southern II Corps. Results (at year's end): 351 enemy killed, 151 detained, 8 US KIA, 85 US WIA.

1 Oct.66-17 Jan 68
Operation: DAZZLEM
Location: Camp Radcliff, An Khe, Binh Dinh Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 1st Cav Div. Task organization: Base Defense Task Force. Execution: Operation DAZZLEM was the contingency plan for the defense of Camp Radcliff provided by one infantry battalion with supporting artillery and
reinforcing personnel from residence units. On 17 Jan 68, the 173d Abn Bde relieved the 1st Cav Div from the mission of defending An Khe. Results: 80 enemy killed, 9 detained.

11 Oct.66-17 Nov.67
Operation: UNIONTOWN II
Location: Long Binh, Bien Hoa Province Type: security. Controlling headquarters: II FFORCEV. Execution: Operation UNIONTOWN was a security operation designed to protect the Long Binh logistical complex, RMK Rock Quarry and II FFORCEV Headquarters. Units were assigned on a rotation basis from each major command under II FFORCEV.

30 Nov. 66-15 Dec.67
Operation: FAIRFAX/RANG DONG
Location: Nha Be, Thu Duc and Binh Chanh Districts, Gia Dinh Province. Type: pacification. Controlling headquarters: II FFORCEV, CMD. Task organization: 1st Inf Div (30 Nov 66-31 Jan 67): 2-16 Inf; 4th Inf Div (30 Nov 66-31 Jan 67): 3-22 Inf; 25th Inf Div (30 Nov 66-31 Jan 67): 4-9 Inf; CMD (30 Nov 66-31 Jan 67): 3rd and 5th ARVN Abn Bns, 30th Ranger Bn; 199th LIB (31 Jan-15 Dec.): 2-3 Inf, 3-7 Inf, 4-12 Inf, 2-40 Art; 5th ARVN Ranger Group (31 Jan.-15 Dec): 30th, 33rd and 38th ARVN Ranger Bns. Intelligence: Military Region 4, 165A PLAF Regiment. Execution: ... SEE ABOVE... Results (end of 1966): 149 enemy killed, 40 detained, 11 US KIA, 67 US WIA, 23 ARVN KIA, 58 ARVN WIA, 1 ARVN MIA.

1 Feb.-23 Sep.
Operation: LAM SON 142/AB/P3
Location: Quang Tri and Thua Thien Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 1st ARVN Div. Results: 435 enemy killed, 33 detained, 172 ARVN KIA, 420 ARVN WIA, 31 ARVN MIA.

8 Feb.67-31 Jan.68
Operation: LAM SON 67
Location: Phu Loi, An My, Ong Dong Jungle, Binh Duong, Bien Hoa and Gia Dinh Provinces. Type: search and destroy, cordon and search, saturation patrolling, security, jungle clearing. Controlling headquarters: 2d Bde, 1st Inf Div (8 Feb-17 Mar, 17 Apr 67-31 Jan 68); 3d Bde, 1st Inf Div (17 Mar-17 Apr). Task organization: 1st Inf Div Revolutionary Development Task Force (various infantry, cavalry and support units were assigned on a rotation basis during the period). Execution: The operation supported the GVN's Revolutionary Development Program in conjunction with ARVN units in Binh Duong, Bien Hoa and Gia Dinh Provinces. LAM SON 67 consisted of cordon and search, reconnaissance in force, harassment, jungle clearing, population control, civic action and psychological warfare operations directed against priority targets. Contact in the AO was characterized by light sporadic incidents with local VC elements. On 6 Jan 68, the Phu Loi base camp received 123 rounds of mixed mortar fire, 46 aircraft were damaged and 6 US WIA. Reacting to the attack, A/2-18 Inf and B/2-2 Inf (M) swept the area to the north of the base and contacted two enemy companies of the Phu Loi PLAF Bn. 92 enemy were killed, 4 US KIA and 14 US WIA. Operation LAM SON 67 was terminated on 31 Jan 68 with the beginning of the enemy's Tet Offensive. Results: 527 enemy killed, 263 captured, 2,327 detained, 346 defectors, 56 US KIA, 572 US WIA.

12 Feb. 67-18 Jan. 68
Operation: PERSHING
Location: Bong Son, Tuy An, Tam Quan, Hoa Tan, Sa Huynh, Truong Son, An Qui, Trung Xuan, An Lac, An Lao Valley, Kim Son Valley, Suoi Ca Valley, 506 Valley, Nuoc Dinh Valley, Phu My Valley, Song Re Valley, the Crescent, Nui Mieu, Nui Sang, Cay Giep, Dam Tra-O Lake, Route 1, LZ BRONCO BEACH, LZ CRYSTAL, LZ ENGLISH, LZ GARNET, LZ GERONIMO, LZ GLENN, LZ HAMMOND, LZ IRON, LZ MEADE, LZ PAT, LZ SANDRA, LZ STEEL, LZ TOM, LZ TWO BITS, LZ UPLIFT, Binh Dinh and Quang Ngai Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 1st Cav Div. Task organization (As of 12 Feb): 1 s t Bde: 1-8 Cav, 1-12 Cav, 5-7 Cav, 2-19 Art (-), D/2-17 Art, C/1-21 Art, A/3-18 Art; 2d Bde: 2-5 Cav, 1-5 Cav (-), 1-7 Cav (-), 2-12 Cav, 1-77 Art (-), B/1-8 Art, A/1-21 Art, C/1-30 Art, B/8th Eng; 3d Bde: 2-8 Cav, C/1-5 Cav, 1-21 Art (-), 2-17 Art (-), C/6-16 Art, C/2-19 Art, C/8th Eng; 3d Bde, 25 t h Inf Div (12 Feb-19 Apr): 1-14 Inf, 1-35 Inf, 2-35 Inf (4-19 Apr), 2-9 Art, A/1-77 Art, 5-16 Art, C/3-4 Cav, D/65th Eng; Div Arty: 2-20 Art (-), 7-13 Art (-), B/29 Art, E/82 Art, 3-18 Art (-); Div Troops: 1-9 Cav, 8th Eng Bn (-). Intelligence: 3rd PAVN Div: 18th and 22nd PAVN Rgts, 2nd PLAF Rgt. Execution: ... SEE ABOVE ... Results: 5,
388 enemy killed, 2,356 captured, 10,609 detained, 221 returnees, 852 US KIA, 4,119 US WIA, 22 US MIA.

13 Feb. 67-10 Mar. 68
Operation: ENTERPRISE
Location: Tan An, Rach Kien, Ben Luc, Binh Phuoc, Tan Tru, Doi Ma Creek, Plain of Reeds9, Base Area 371, Route 14, Long An Province. Type: search and destroy, cordon and search, saturation patrolling, eagle flights. Controlling headquarters: 3d Bde, 9th Inf Div. Task organization: 3-39 Inf, 2-60 Inf, 5-60 Inf (M), 2-4 Art, C/15th Eng. Intelligence: 2nd PLAF MF Bn, 506th PLAF LF Bn. Execution: ENTERPRISE was the continuation of the pacification effort of Long An Province initiated the previous year by the 25th Inf Div with Operation LANIKAI. On 13 Feb, 3-39 Inf relieved 2-14 Inf at Rach Kien. Strength of division elements in the province were subsequently increased to brigade size with movement of 2-60 Inf into Tan Tru, 5-60 Inf into Binh Phuoc and Headquarters, 3d Bde into Tan An. The first major engagement occurred on 9 Apr when 3-39 Inf made contact with the 506th PLAF Bn on the bank of Doi Ma Creek. Additional companies were brought in, killing 247 of the enemy. On 2 May, the 506th Bn exacted vengeance on the 3-39 Inf, attacking one of its companies in night defensive position near Route 4. 17 US were KIA and 48 WIA but no enemy bodies were found. The operation was temporarily extended north to the Plain of Reeds area on 8-14 May with sub-operation NIRVANA II directed against the enemy's Base Area 371. Elements of the 3d Bde joined forces with the 4/50 ARVN Bn of the 25th ARVN Div but found nothing, killing only 14 of the enemy. On 14 May, the 2nd PLAF Bn struck the compound of the 2/50 ARVN Bn in Rach Kien, killing 31 South Vietnamese soldiers and wounding 34. 3d Bde units were committed but couldn't regain contact with the attacking force. After that, contact with the enemy dropped sharply for the remainder of 1967, indicating an apparent enemy desire to avoid friendly forces. On 31 Jan 68, the brigade responded to the Tet Offensive, 5-60 Inf engaged in heavy fighting southwest of Saigon in Gia Dinh Province, killing 128 enemy soldiers. From 1-5 Feb, 3-39 Inf and 2-60 Inf were sent to Kien Hoa Province to help recapture Ben Tre, the provincial capital. On 10 Feb, the brigade HQ at Tan An came under attack from an unknown size enemy force. 33 enemy were killed, 4 US KIA and 53 US WIA. During March, brigade elements conducted "Aquabush" operations along the numerous canals south of Saigon in conjunction with the 199th Inf Bde (Lt). Pacification activities decreased sharply during the Tet Offensive and the operation was terminated on 10 March. Results: 2,107 enemy killed, 74 US KIA, 380 US WIA.

14 Feb.67-21 Mar.68
Operation: KITTYHAWK
Location: Long Binh, Xuan Loc, Long Giao, Gia Ray, Suoi Cat, Blackhorse, Route 1, Route 2, Long Khanh and Bien Hoa Province. Type: reconnaissance-in-force, cordon and search, security, road clearing. Controlling headquarters: 9th Inf Div (14 Feb 67-15 Feb 68); 11th ACR (15 Feb-21 Mar 68). Task organization: 3-5 Cav, 1/11 ACR, 2/11 ACR, 3/11 ACR. Intelligence: 275th PLAF Rgt. Execution: The purpose of KITTYHAWK was to secure LOCs and selected installations within Long Khanh Province, conduct reconnaissance-in-force operations and cordon and search of selected hamlets within the AO, secure Blackhorse base camp and the Gia Ray rock quarry and provide ready reaction forces along Route 1. On 21 May, K Troop, 3/11 ACR was ambushed by an estimated reinforced enemy battalion near Suoi Cat on Route 1. 30 enemy are killed, 12 US KIA and 13 US WIA. On 27 Jun 1/11 ACR moved to reinforce the 52nd ARVN Rgr Bn which was in heavy contact with elements of the 3rd Bn, 275th PLAF Rgt, killing 49 of the enemy11. On 30 Dec two enemy companies ambushed Troop C, 3-5 Cav on Route 2. Friendly losses are 10 KIA, 29 WIA and 3 MIA. On 31 Jan 68, in reaction to the VC Tet Offensive, the 3-5 Cav was alerted to respond to enemy activity in the Long Binh-Bien Hoa area. A/3-5 Cav bypassed several roadblocks, breaking through enemy forces and reached the Bien Hoa airfield, sweeping nearby wood lines and killing 40. During the period 2-3 Feb, C/3-5 Cav was sent to defend Xuan Loc against an intense ground attack, killing nearly 50 enemy soldiers. On 15 Feb the KITTYHAWK mission was assumed by the 11th ACR as the 3-5 Cav (-) was directed by HQ USARV to deploy to Da Nang, I CTZ. On 21 Mar, the operation was phased into Operation ALCORN COVE. Results: 201 enemy killed, 7 captured, 1 returnee, 62 US KIA, 224 US WIA.

5 Apr.-11 Oct.
Operation: FRANCIS MARION
Location: Plei Me, Duc Co, Plei Djereng, Plei Mrong, Plei Do Lim, Buon Blech, Se San, Ia Drang, Ia Tchar, Dak Ayun, Dak Payou, Chu Pong, Chu Prong, Chu Goungot, Chu Groh, Route 14, Route 14B, Route 19E, Route 509, Hill 521, LZ OASIS, LZ JACKSON HOLE, Pleiku and Darlac Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 4th Inf Div. Task organization: (effective 7 April): 1 s t Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 1-8 Inf, 3-8 Inf, 3-12 Inf, 6-29 Art, B/4-42 Art, C/3-4 Cav (-), A/4th Eng (-); 2d Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 2-8 Inf (-), 1-12 Inf, 1-22 Inf, Plt B/1-69 Arm, 4-42 Art (-), B/4th Eng (-); TF 1-69 Arm: 1-69 Arm (-), Plt C/2-8 Inf (-), Cav Plt 1-10 Cav, B/3-6 Art, A/5-16 Art; TF 1-10 Cav: 1-10 Cav (-), 3-6 Art (-); Div Arty: 6-14 Art, 5-16 Art (-), 1-92 Art; Div Troops: D/4-60 Art (-), 4th Avn Bn, 4th Eng Bn. Task organization: (effective 26 April): 1 s t Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 1-8 Inf, 3-12 Inf, 6-29 Art (-), C/4-42 Art, A/4th Eng (-); 2d Bde, 4 t h In f Div: 2-8 Inf, 1-12 Inf, 1-22 Inf, 4-42 Art (-), A/6-29 Art, B/4th Eng (-); TF 1-69 Arm: 1-69 Arm (-), 3-6 Art (-); TF 1-10 Cav: 1-10 Cav (-), A/3-6 Art; TF 3-8 Inf: 3-8 Inf, C/6-29 Art, A/5-16 Art; Div Arty: 6-14 Art, 5-16 Art (-), 1-92 Art; Div Troops: D/4-60 Art (-), 4th Avn Bn, 4th Eng Bn. Task organization: (effective 30 May): 1 s t Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 1-8 Inf, 3-8 Inf, 3-12 Inf, 6-29 Art, A/4th Eng (-); 2d Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 2-8 Inf (M), 1-12 Inf, 1-22 Inf, 4-42 Art, B/4th Eng (-); 173d Abn Bde: 1-503 Inf, 2-503 Inf, 4-503 Inf, 3-319 Art, D/16 Arm, E/17 Cav, 173d Eng Co; TF 1-69 Arm: 1-69 Arm (-), 3-6 Art (-); Div Arty: 5-16 Art (-); Div Troops: D/4-60 Art (-), 4th Avn Bn, 4th Eng Bn. Task organization: (effective 24 Sep): 1 s t Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 1-8 Inf, 2-8 Inf (M), 3-8 Inf, 6-29 Art (-), A/4-42 Art,, A/4th Eng (-); 2d Bde, 4 t h Inf Div: 1-12 Inf, 3-12 Inf, 1-22 Inf, 4-42 Art (-), B/6-29 Art, B/4th Eng (-); TF 1-69 Arm: 1-69 Arm (-), 3-6 Art (-); Div Arty: 6-14 Art, 5-16 Art (-), 1-92 Art; Div Troops: 2-1 Cav, D/4-60 Art (-), 4th Avn Bn, 4th Eng Bn. Intelligence: B3 Front, 1st NVA Div (32nd, 66th and 88th Rgts), 10th NVA Div (95B and 101C Rgts), 200th NVA Art Bn, 407th PLAF MF Sapper Bn, H-15 PLAF LF Bn.. Execution: ... SEE ABOVE.... Results: 1,204 enemy killed, 122 detained, 11 returnees, 198 US KIA, 982 US WIA, 8 US MIA.

7 Apr.-10 Jul.
Operation: SABER THRUST
Location: Cu Chi, Trang Bang, Go Dau Ha, Loc Thanh, Phuoc My, Trung Lap, Ap Bau Dung, Filhol Plantation, Hau Nghia Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 25th Inf Div. Task organization: 3-4 Cav (+). Execution: This operation was conducted by 3-4 Cav (+) as an intermittent security operation. All phases involved search and destroy and patrolling operations in the vicinity of Cu Chi and along the Main Supply Route. Phase I was conducted 7-8 Apr vicinity of Trang Bang; Phase II (9-10 Apr) involved a sweep of Loc Thanh with Trps B & D, C/4-23 Inf (M) and A/2-13 Art. Phase III took place between 13-15 Apr around the hamlet of Phuoc My with Trps B & D and B/1-5 Inf (M). Phase IV (17-19 Apr) involved Trps A & D, A/1-5 Inf (M) and A/2-13 Art conducting search and destroy operations vicinity of Trung Lap. Phase V (20-22 Apr) saw trps A & D, B/4-23 Inf (M) and A/7-11 Art sweeping the village of Ap Bau Dung. Phase VI was conducted from 22 May to 5 Jun throughout Cu Chi and Trang Bang Districts. Finally, Phase VII (5-8 Jun, 2-10 Jul) took place in AO centered north of Go Dau Ha. Results: 22 Aka VC Valley. 68 enemy killed, 13 captured, (no info on US losses).

21 Apr.-12 Jul.
Operation: BAC THIEN 817
Location: Tam Quan, Bong Son, LZ ENGLISH, Binh Dinh
Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: VNMC Task Force ALPHA. Task organization: 4th and 5th VNMC Bns, B/VNMC Art Bn. Execution: On 18-19 Apr, Task Force ALPHA flew to LZ ENGLISH to relieve TF BRAVO and began search and destroy and pacification operations in a TAOR including Tam Quan on the north, Bong Son to the south, the portion of Route 1 connecting the two towns, with the South China Sea serving as the eastern boundary, coordinating with the 1st Cav Div's Operation PERSHING. After termination of BAC THIEN, TF ALPHA remained in the area until 26 Jul when it was relieved by TF BRAVO (2nd VNMC Bn and C/VNMV Art Bn) and returned to Thu Duc to prepare for CORONADO II. Results: (no info).

22 Apr.67-2 Jan 68.
Operation: BAKER
Location: Duc Pho, Mo Duc, Vinh Hien, Tan Phong, Dien Truong, An Ba, An Tach, Song Tra Cau, Song Ve, LZ MONTEZUMA (later renamed LZ BRONCO), LZ GUADALCANAL, LZ OLIVE DRAB, LZ LIZ, LZ DRAGON, RAZORBACK Beach, Quang Ngai Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 3d Bde TF, 25th Inf Div (redesignated 3d Bde, 4th Inf Div on 1 Aug). Task organization: 1-14 Inf, 1-35 Inf, 2-35 Inf, 2-9 Art, C/3-4 Cav, B/1-9 Cav, C/2-34 Arm. Intelligence: 1st PLAF Rgt, 2nd PLAF Rgt, 22nd PAVN Rgt. Execution: ...SEE ABOVE... Results: (no info).

11 May-21 Jul.
Operation: -
Location: Rung Sat Special Zone, Gia Dinh Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: VNMC Brigade. Task organization: 6th VNMC Bn, A/VNMC Art Bn, RAG 22. Results: (no info).

13 May-16 Jul.
Operation: CROCKETT
Location: Khe Sanh, Hill 861, Hill 881S, Hill 950, Quang Tri Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 26th Marines (Forward). Task organization: 1/26 Marines, 3/26 Marines (from 13 Jun), A/3d Recon. Intelligence: 325C PAVN Div. Execution: After the end of the First Battle of Khe Sanh ('Khe Sanh Hill Fights'), 1/26 Marines replaced the two battalions from the 3d Marines there. The mission was to occupy key terrain, deny enemy access into the vital areas, conduct aggressive patrolling withing the AO and provide security for the base and adjacent outposts on nearby Hill 881S, 861 and 950. Numerous sightings of the enemy were made during May but there was only occasional contact. On 6 Jun, the radio relay site on Hill 950 received a ground probe, 10 enemy were killed, 6 US KIA and 2 US WIA. The next day, a patrol from B/1/26 made heavy contact with an estimated enemy company. 66 enemy were killed, 18 US KIA and 28 US WIA. Due to the increasing number of enemy contacts, 3/26 Marines arrived at Khe Sanh on 13 Jun. Both battalions had many contacts with isolated enemy forces during the last weeks of the month. On 27 Jun, I/3/26 ran into two NVA companies, killing 35 but during July enemy activity decreased in the Khe Sanh AO and the operation was terminated on 16 Jul. Results: 206 enemy killed, 5 detained, 52 US KIA, 255 WIA.

14 May.-7 Dec.
Operation: KOLE KOLE
Location: Duc Hoa, Bao Trai, Hiep Hoa, Loc Giang, Trang Bang, Song Vam Co Dong, Rach Tra, Xinh An Ha, Route 10, Hau Nghia and Tay Ninh Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 2d Bde, 25th Inf Div. Task organization: 1-5 Inf (M), 1-27 Inf, 2-27 Inf, 1-8 Art. Intelligence: 2nd Go Mon and 269th PLAF LF Bns. Execution: Operation KOLE KOLE was initiated by the 2d Bde in Hau Nghia Province using EAGLE FLIGHTS and airmobile operations based on current intelligence. Cordon and search, outposting and country fair operations were also conducted in conjunction with the 25th ARVN Div, CIDG and RF/PF. On 17 May, elements of 1/27 Inf and 2/27 Inf fought an eight-hour engagement west of the Vam Co Dong with a VC company. Results were 27 enemy killed, 2 US KIA and 9 US WIA. There was intermittent contact during June and July, particularly along the An Ha canal and near Loc Giang. The brigade also secured engineer operations along Route 10 to improve the GVN's authority and control west of Trang Bang. In early August, the reconnaissance platoon of 1/27 Inf with helicopter support intercepted VC recon elements from Long An Province, killing 26. During September, KOLE KOLE shifted to northern Hau Nghai and southwestern Tay Ninh Province. 1-5 Inf (M) conducted extensive dismounted ambush patrols around Loc Giang along the Vam Co while 2-27 Inf engaged scattered elements of the 269th PLAF Bn. On 21 Oct, an EAGLE FLIGHT from 1-27 Inf engaged an estimated enemy platoon south of Tay Ninh, killing 18. On 31 Oct, 2-27 Inf made contact with elements of the 2nd Go Mon Bn north of the Rach Tra, killing 28 and capturing 2. Enemy activity decreased for the rest of KOLE KOLE and the brigade concentrated on pacification and land clearing operations. Results: 797 enemy killed, 150 detained, 34 returnees, 144 US KIA, 876 US WIA

18 May-7 Dec.
Operation: BARKING SANDS
Location: Cu Chi, Trang Bang, Phu Hoa, Iron Triangle, Ho Bo Woods, Song Saigon, Hau Nghia and Binh Duong Provinces. Type: pacification. Controlling headquarters: 1st Bde, 25th Inf Div. Task organization: 4-9 Inf, 2-14 Inf, 4-23 Inf (M), 7-11 Art. Execution: The 1st Bde employed counter guerrilla warfaretechniques including saturation patrolling, checkmate, bushmaster and cordon and search operations to pacify Cu Chi and Trang Bang Districts in Hau Nghia Province and Phu Hoa District in Binh Duong Province. Buddy operations were also conducted with local PF platoons and RF companies. On 30 Aug, 4-9 Inf conducted an airmobile assault against an entrenched VC battalion in the Iron Triangle resulting in 4 enemy killed, 11 US KIA and 43 US WIA. During September, primary emphasis was placed on denying VC access to populated areas during the National Elections. Land clearing operations were also initiated along the Song Saigon to eliminate VC concealment. In October, 9,645 acres of the Ho Bo Woods were cleared by Rome Plows following Operation KUNIA. Contact during BARKING SANDS was limited to squad and platoon size elements and no major engagement occurred. Four sub-operations were conducted in the BARKING SANDS AO during the period: KAWELA, AKUMU,WAIMEA and KUNIA (see individual operations below). Results (inclusive of the four sub-operations): 370 enemy killed, 85 detained, 10 returnees, 110 US KIA, 1114 US WIA.

18 May-7 Dec.
Operation: DIAMOND HEAD
Location: Tay Ninh West, Dau Tieng, Suoi Da, Prek Klok, Ben Cui, Michelin Plantation, Boi Loi Woods, The Crescent, The Trapezoid, Tay Ninh and Binh Duong Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 3d Bde, 4th Inf Div33. Task organization: 2-12 Inf, 2-22 Inf (M), 3-22 Inf, 2-77 Art, 2-34 Arm (-) (from 22 Sep), C/1-10 Cav, C/4th Eng. Execution: The mission was to conduct search and destroy operations in Tay Ninh Province, cordon and search operations in the Michelin Plantation, and security and reinforcement missions in the Tay Ninh and Prek Klok areas. With one battalion detached to Operation UNIONTOWN and another providing security for the Dau Tieng and Tay Ninh West base camps, contact in the AO were very limited during the months of May, June and July. On 1 Aug, the 3d Bde, 4th Inf Div was redesignated the 3d Bde, 25th Inf Div. No movement of troops or units were involved in this redesignation. On 15 Aug, an airmobile cordon and search of Thanh An was conducted by 3-22 Inf in conjunction with VN National Police. 6 enemy were killed and 42 detained. In September, the brigade provided security during the National elections. In October, continued battalion size search and destroy operations were conducted in the Michelin Plantation to prevent its use as an enemy haven, in and south of Ben Cui, and in the northern portion of the Trapezoid, which extends 15 km to the southeast of Dau Tieng. Bushmaster operations were conducted in an area known as the Crescent, 8 km northwest of Dau Tieng. All operations were marked by extremely light contact. In November, operations were conducted in the upper Boi Loi Woods and in the Ben Cui Plantation, again with light contact. During this period operations were curtailed due to two battalions being opcon to the other brigades. On 25-25 Now, 2-22 Inf (M) made contact with a VC company near the Mushroom bend on the Saigon River, killing 20. This was the last contact during DIAMOND HEAD before the operation came to an end on 7 Dec. Results: 237 enemy killed, 496 detained, 4 returnees. (US losses unknown).

1 Jun.-26 Jul.
Operation: CORONADO I
Location: Dong Tam, Can Giuoc, Can Duoc, Go Cong, Cua Soi Rap, Song Vam Co, Song Rach Cac, FSB TANGO, FSB X-RAY (Fort Courage), Binh Xuan Secret Zone, Rung Sat Special Zone, Dinh Tuong, Long An and Go Cong Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 2d Bde, 9th Inf Div (MRF). Task organization: 3-47 Inf, 4-47 Inf, 3-34 Art, D/15th Eng, USN TF 117. Intelligence: 514th PLAF LF Bn, 5th Nha Be PLAF LF Bn. Execution: On 1 Jun, the Mobile Riverine Force was officially activated, with the arrival at Dong Tam of its full navalcomplement. Subsequently, the brigade headquarters, 3-47 Inf, 4-47 Inf and supporting units were placed aboard ship, leaving only 3-60 Inf (TF FUNSTON) ashore to provide base security. During the period 13-17 Jun the fully constituted MRF conducted its first operation in the Rung Sat Special Zone37. Full scale operations however started on 19 Jun when CORONADO I finally went underway. Anchoring at the mouths of the Vam Co, Soi Rap and Rach Cac Rivers, the MRF struck at the 5th Nha Be Bn near the town of Can Giuoc in Long An Province38. On 19 Jun, both battalions converged via helicopter and riverine transports to the target area, meeting heavy resistance. Fighting lasted all day until the remnants of the 5th Nha Be escaped across the Rach Nui under the cover of darkness. 256 enemy had been killed, 21 US KIA and 53 US WIA. Following this engagement, the MRF remained in the area, conducting company-size operations in the RSSZ, Can Duoc District and northern Go Cong Province, coordinating with the 199th Inf Bde (Lt) and 3/46 ARVN Bn. On 4 Jul, the MRF attacked the Binh Xuan Secret Zone, located northwest of Go Cong, co-operating with a provisional Popular Forces battalion. During the next three days, contacts with elements of the 514th PLAF Bn resulted in over 100 enemy killed without a single US casualty. A hundred South Vietnamese deserters and draft dodgers were also apprehended. The MRF returned to Can Giuoc District after the Go Cong operations, conducting riverine assaults along the Rach Cac during the period 20-22 Jul. On 24 Jul, the MRF with the 3rd VNMC Bn and 3/46 ARVN Bn moved to northern Can Giuoc District in an effort to reduce the enemy threat the the district capital. No contact was made and CORONADO I terminated with the MRF returning to Dong Tam. Results: 478 enemy killed, 526 detained, 40 US KIA, 173 US WIA.

1 Jun.67-7 Feb.68
Operation: HOPTAC
Location: Dong Tam, Dinh Tuong Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 9th Inf Div. Task organization: Task Force FUNSTON39. Execution: Operation HOPTAC was an internal defense and development operation in Dinh Tuong Province which included security of the Dong Tam base. Task Force FUNSTON provided land and waterborne security for engineer dredging equipment and maintained a ready reaction force to assist local GVN units and installations if needed. In most cases contact with the VC was characterized by light fire fights and sniper fire. On 1 Feb 68 the enemy fired more than 170 82 mm mortar and 75 mm RR rounds into the base resulting in minor damage and 11 US WIA. In the early morning hours of 3, 4, 5 and 7 Feb, the enemy continued to attack the base with mortar and RR fire. The heaviest attack came on 7 Feb with an estimated 200 rounds fired at the base. Elements of 5-60 Inf and 2-39 Inf conducted reaction airmobile assaults and RIF operations 8 km east of Dong tam, making contact with two VC companies, killing 23 while losing 5 KIA and 11 WIA. Results: 296 enemy killed, 11 captured, 3 returnees, 37 US KIA, 364 US WIA.

8 Jun.-2 Aug.
Operation: MALHEUR II
Location: Base Area 122, Base Area 123, Base Area 124, Song Tra Cau, Song Ve, Song Ne, BASTOGNE AO, ZON AO, NORMANDY AO, LZ CARENTAN, Quang Ngai Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 1st Bde, 101st Abn Div. Task organization: 1-327 Inf, 2-327 Inf, 2-502 Inf, 2-320 Art, C/2-11 Art, A/2-17 Cav, A/326th Eng. Intelligence: 1st and 2nd PLAF Rgts. Execution: On 8 Jun the brigade reoriented its effort into the BASTOGNE AO to the north with 1-327 Inf and 2-327 Inf air assaulting into Base Area 123 and 2-502 Inf air assaulting into 122 the following day. Contacts on the first day resulted in 19 enemy killed, 6 US KIA and 25 US WIA. Contact was sporadic during the first week and on 14 Jun the brigade commenced the evacuation of the civilian population of the Song Tra Cau and southern portion of the Song Ve Valleys to the Nghia Hanh refugee center. On 16 Jun, 1-327 Inf conducted an airmobile assault in the northern portion of the Song Ve Valley, making contact with an estimated enemy battalion. Results were 17 enemy killed, 5 US KIA and 51 US WIA. Evacuation operations were terminated on 23 Jun with 5,757 refugees, 30 tons of rice and 1,196 heads of cattle relocated. Search and destroy operations continued in the ZON AO to the west with 2-502 Inf and 2-327 Inf searching the Song Ne Valley for the 1st PLAF Rgt but without result. On 3 Jul, 1-327 returned to CARENTAN to prepare for operation LAKE. The remaining two battalions continued their search and evacuated the population of the Song Ne. On 10-11 Jul, after receiving intelligence indicating that the 2nd PLAF Rgt had returned south to Base Area 124, 2-327 Inf and 2-502 Inf were reinserted into the old NORMANDY AO but found little. Agent reports, information gained from captured VC and other intelligence indicated that the 1st and 2nd PLAF Rgts were at less than 50% strength and that both were attempting to meet in Base Area 123 in order to form one combat effective regiment. The brigade scheduled a B-52 strike followed by an airmobile assault in the area, but once again little was found and the operation was terminated on 2 Aug. Results (includes MALHEUR I and MALHEUR II): 869 enemy killed, 80 captured, 81 US KIA, 594 US WIA, 1 US MIA.

8 Jun.-15 Sep.
Operation: CUMBERLAND
Location: Nam Hoa, Gia Le, Route 547, Route 548, A Shau Valley, Thua Thien Province. Type: security, road construction, artillery raid. Controlling headquarters: 4th Marines. Task organization: 1/4 Marines, 2-94 Art. Execution: This infantry and engineer operation provided for the upgrading and construction of a land-line of communication from Hue along Routes 547 and 548 toward the A Shau Valley and the establishment of an artillery FSB in the vicinity of YD 605085. On 7 Jul, 1/4 displaced to Dong Ha leaving only A/1/4 to provide security for the working parties. CUMBERLAND resumed on 17 Jul. In Aug, Army 175mm guns from 2-94 Art were introduced into the area to fire H&I missions into the A Shau. Contact with the enemy was very light during the entire operation and CUMBERLAND was terminated at the start of the monsoon season. Results: 5 US KIA, 88 US WIA, no info on enemy losses.

11 Jun.-14 Jul.
Operation: DAN CHI/289/A
Location: Phong Dinh Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 21st ARVN Div. Results: 210 enemy killed, 217 detained, 5 ARVN KIA, 60 ARVN WIA

15 Jun.-14 Jul.
Operation: BLACKJACK 26
Location: Kontum and Binh Dinh Provinces. Type: mobile guerrilla. Controlling headquarters: 5th SFGA. Task Organization: 23rd Co, A-219 MIKE Force. Execution: operation took place in northeastern Kontum and western Binh Dinh Provinces. Only 4 contacts were made with no confirmed enemy casualties. Results: 2 MIKE KIA, 3 USSF WIA, 3 MIKE WIA.

18 Jun.-12 Oct.
Operation: GREELEY
Location: Kontum, Dak To, Tan Canh, Dak Seang, Dak Pek, Toumorong, Dak Poko, Dak Akoi, Hill 830, Hill 1338, FSB 4, Kontum Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 4th Inf Div. Task organization: 173d Abn Bde: 1-503 Inf, 2-503 Inf, 4-503 Inf, 3-319 Art, E/17 Cav, D/16 Arm, 173d Eng Co; 3d Bde, 1st Cav Div (24 Jun-25 Jul): 1-7 Cav, 5-7 Cav, 2-12 Cav, 1-21 Art; 1st ARVN Abn TF (24 Jun-25 Jul): 3d, 5th and 8th ARVN Abn Bns; 24th STZ: 1/42 Inf. Intelligence: 24th and 174th PAVN Rgts, K101D PAVN Bn, 304th PLAF MF Bn, 200th PLAF Art Bn, H-15 PLAF LF Bn . Execution: From 1-18 Jun, the 173d Abn Bde continued participation in Operation FRANCIS MARION, searching further south and east in the Ia Drang Valley. The brigade deployed the 1-503 Inf and 2-503 Inf into the AO, holding 4-503 Inf in reserve at Catecka. No significant contact was made. On 17 Jun, TF MC QUARRIE (2-503 Inf, E/17 Cav, A/3-319 Art) moved by air and motor convoy to the New Dak To Airfield, joined the following day by 1-503 Inf. The mission, named GREELEY, was to assume opcon of the CIDG Camp at Dak To under threat from the 24th PAVN Rgt and assist in its defense. On 18 Jun, 2-503 Inf began searching south of Dak To toward the huge mass of Hill 1338 (Ngok Bor Beang). C/1-503 Inf was also inserted into the area to search for a missing SF and CIDG team which had been destroyed by the NVA on 15-16 Jun, 1400 meters southwest of their camp. On 22 Jun, after a fruitless search of Hill 1338, 2-503 Inf was instructed to return to Dak To on foot. Shortly after leaving its NDP, A/2-503 bumped into an enemy battalion from the 24th PAVN Rgt42 while descending the slopes of Hill 1338. Two platoons were cut off and annihilated while the rest of the company formed a small perimeter and called supporting fires. Cos B and C were rushed to the rescue but arrived too late. 76 Americans had been killed, some executed point blank by the enemy, and 23 wounded. 106 enemy bodies were counted in the battle area. This action became known as 'The Battle of the Slopes' and as one of the costliest engagement for US forces in Vietnam. Concerned by the size of the battle and the US losses, General Larsen at I FFORCEV decided to reinforce GREELEY. On 23 Jun, 2-12 Cav arrived from the PERSHING AO while the rest of the 173d Abn Bde (CP (-) and 4-503 Inf) closed Dak To from Catecka. The next day, 24 Jun, the 3d Bde, 1st Cav Div (-) and 1st ARVN Abn TF arrived at Kontum. The Allied forces went after the 24th PAVN Rgt, seeking to destroy it. In the next two weeks, the 173d Abn Bde and 2-12 Cav searched west and south of Dak To while the 3d Bde, 1st Cav Div and the ARVN Abn TF entered the Dak Akoi Valley northeast of Kontum and 35 km east of Dak To. The sweep found little evidence of the enemy's presence and on 25 Jul the cavalry brigade returned to the coast, while the Vietnamese task force stood down at Kontum to serve as a mobile reaction force. Southwest of Dak To on 10 Jul, 4-503 Inf, while searching for a regimental headquarters, found an occupied enemy bunker complex on Hill 830. Battle raged until 12 Jul with 22 US KIA and 62 US WIA but only 9 enemy bodies found. This was the last significant contact on the month. On 19 Jul, 2 NVA soldiers rallied at Dak Pek CIDG Camp, stating that they were 42 Later identified as the 6th Bn, 24th PAVN Rgt. from the newly infiltrated 174th PAVN Rgt. They were proved correct on 6 Aug when the 1/42 ARVN Bn made heavy contact with that unit 8 km west of the Dak Seang CIDG Camp. The ARVN Abn TF was rushed into the area and fought a bitter twoday battle to capture a hill believed to have been the location of the regimental CP, killing 189 of the enemy. On 9 Aug, 4-503 Inf moved to Dak Pek, joining the 1-503 Inf already there since 4 Aug, but the two battalions found little. Contacts were so low in August that the 173d Abn Bde was credited with only 4 enemy killed. During the period 1-18 Sep, the brigade continued GREELEY in the Dak To – Dak Seang area, supporting CIDG Operation DARBY, but contact was minimal. On 17 Sep, the brigade (-) began moving by air to Tuy Hoa to begin Operation BOLLING. Only 4-503 Inf and A/3-319 stayed at Dak To, forming Task Force 77 with the 3rd ARVN Abn Bn, 1/42 ARVN Bn and 27th MIKE Force Co for an expedition in the Toumorong Valley that lasted nearly three weeks but found nothing. On 11 Oct, TF 77 was disbanded and that same day, 2-503 Inf and A/3-319 Art departed for Tuy Hoa, terminating Operation GREELEY. Results: 191 enemy killed, 17 captured, 129 US KIA, 210 US WIA. (no info on ARVN losses).

2-14 Jul.
Operation: BUFFALO
Location: Dong Ha, Con Thien, Route 561, The Marketplace, Demilitarized Zone, Song Be Hai, Quang Tri Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 3d Mar Div. Task organization: BLT 1/3 Marines, BLT 2/3 Marines, 1/9 Marines, 3/9 Marines, 3/12 Marines. Intelligence: 90th PAVN Rgt. Execution: BUFFALO was the successor to Operation CIMARRON, initially utilizing the same forces. On 2 Jul, while operating northeast of Con Thien along Route 561 in an area called the Marketplace, 1/9 Marines was attacked by an estimated two enemy battalions of the 90th PAVN Rgt. Very heavy fighting took place all day, 1/9 receiving more than 700 rounds of mortar and artillery. Co B was virtually destroyed with only 27 survivors. The arrival of 3/9 Marines from Dong Ha in the afternoon forced the enemy to break contact. 1/9 had lost 84 KIA, 190 WIA and 9 MIA. No accurate count of enemy killed could be established. Contact continued during the next three days, 3-5 Jul. On 3 Jul, the 9th Marines was reinforced by both Special Landing Forces, SLF ALPHA in Operation BEAR CLAW and SLF BRAVO in Operation BEAVER TRACK46. 3/9 and the battered 1/9 pushed north to recover missing bodies, meeting heavy resistance, 3/9 losing 15 KIA and 33 WIA. Contacts diminished on 5 Jul and the grim task of recovering Company B's dead could be completed. On 6 Jul, all four battalions including both BLT 1/3 and BLT 2/3 continued moving north following preparatory fires. As they advanced, they encountered increasingly heavy artillery fire and by 1600 they could go no further. 600 rounds hit 3/9 Marines and about 1,000 landed on BLT 1/3. 400 NVAs were spotted crossing the Ben Hai and heading directly at the two battalions. 3/9 engaged the enemy column at less than 150 meters distance and killed 154 by bodycount, losing only 12 WIA. On 7 Jul, a 152mm howitzer round scored a direct hit on the command bunker of 1/9 at Con Thien, killing 11 and wounding 18. The last significant engagement of BUFFALO too place on 8 Jul southwest of Con Thien when BLT 2/3 discovered a bunker complex. Fighting lasted all day, 118 enemy were killed, 14 US KIA and 43 US WIA. After this action, the Marines encountered only mines and harassing fire and BUFFALO closed on 14 Jul. Results: 1,281 enemy killed, 14 detained, 159 US KIA, 885 US WIA, 9 MIA.

3 Jul.67-7 Apr.68
Operation: RILEY
Location: Bearcat, Camp Martin Cox, Bien Hoa Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 1st Bde, 9th Inf Div; TF FORSYTH (from 10 Feb). Task organization: 2-39 Inf, 4-39 Inf, 2-47 Inf (M), 3-5 Cav, 1-11 Art, TF FORSYTH. Execution: Operation RILEY was an internal defense and development operation in Bien Hoa Province and included defense of Camp Martin Cox. When not engaged in strike operations, Headquarters, 1st Bde assumed opcon of all elements engaged in RILEY, including TF FORSYTH (a provisional Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment located at Camp Martin Cox). In the absence of the 1st Bde, TF FORSYTH was allocated sufficient forces to secure the camp and to conduct limited consolidation operations in the area. On 31 Jan 68 in response to the VC Tet Offensive, elements of the 2-47 Inf (M) and 4-39 Inf moved to Long Binh Post for perimeter security. Working in coordination with 2-3 Inf from the 199th Inf Bde (Lt), the two battalions had multiple contacts with the enemy during the day near Ho Nai, killing 213 by bodycount and capturing 32. US losses were 4 KIA and 23 WIA. On 10 Feb 68, the 1st Bde moved to Dong Tam and TF FORSYTH assumed responsibility until termination. Results: 472 enemy killed, 41 detained, 2 returnees, 64 US KIA, 315 US WIA.

4-14 Jul.
Operation: BEAVER TRACK
Location: Cam Lo, Con Thien, LZ CANARY, Quang Tri Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: SLF BRAVO. Task organization: BLT 2/3 Marines. Execution: On 4 Jul, SLF BRAVO was inserted on LZ CANARY north of Cam Lo to reinforce the 9th Marines on Operation BUFFALO. BLT 2/3 moved north toward the DMZ on 5 Jul, making several contacts with elements of the 29th PAVN Rgt. On 8 Jul, a bunker complex was overrun, with 118 enemies killed. The BLT remained in the area after 12 Jul to join in Operation HICKORY II48. Results: (included in Operation BUFFALO).

6-12 Jul.
Operation: LAKE
Location: Dien Truong, Sa Huynh, Route 1, Quang Ngai Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 1st Bde, 101st Abn Div. Task organization: 1-327 Inf, A/2-17 Cav. 1 Plt C/2-34 Arm. Execution: Operation LAKE was conducted concurrently with Operation MALHEUR II to provide security for engineer operations on Route 1 between Sa Huyng and Dien Truong. Results: 6 enemy killed, 1 captured, 6 US KIA, 2 US WIA.

6-16 Jul.
Operation: PADDINGTON
Location: Xuyen Moc, FSB TOM, FSB MIKE, FSB BILL, FSB JOHN, LZ BUCK, LZ DICK, LZ BOB, LZ JACK, LZ BERT, Phuoc Tuy Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 9th Inf Div (Fwd). Task organization: 1st Bde, 9th inv Div: 48 See Operation BUFFALO for more details. 2-39 Inf, 4-39 Inf, 3-5 Cav, 1-11 Art (-); 1ATF: 2RAR, 7RAR, 2-47 Inf (M), 1/11 ACR, A Sqn 3 Cav, 4 Fld Rgt, B/1-11, Art, B/2-35 Art, C/1-84 Art; VNMC TF BRAVO: 2nd and 3rd VNMC Bns; 18th ARVN Div: 2/43 ARVN Bn. . Intelligence: 274th PLAF Rgt. Execution: Operation PADDINGTON was controlled by the 9th Inf Div Forward CP established at Nui Dat. It took place in an area northwest of Xuyen Moc, with the 1st Bde, 9th Inf Div and VNMC TF operating in the northwestern portion of the AO and the 1ATF in the southeastern portion. The only major contact took place on 12 Jul when the 3rd VNMC Bn engaged a battalion from the 274th PLAF Rgt, killing 40. A major accomplishment of PADDINGTON was the successful employment of a tri-nation force in a previously inaccessible area to significantly disrupt installations an activities of the 5th PLAF Div. Results: 92 enemy killed, 1 AUS KIA, 1 AUS WIA, 11 VNMC KIA, 31 VNMC WIA (US losses unknown).

7 Jul-16 Aug.
Operation: 7-67/SAMURAI I
Location: A Shau Valley, Happy Valley, Thuat Thien and Quang Nam Provinces. Type: reconnaissance. Controlling headquarters: 5th SFA. Task organization: Det B-52 Project DELTA, 81st ARVN Abn Rgr Bn. Execution: Operation searched areas from the northern stretches of the A Shau Valley into Happy Valley, west of Da Nang. Results: (no info)

8-26 Jul.
Operation: AKUMU/XAY DUONG
Location: Phu Hoa Dong, Filhol Plantation, Binh Duong Province. Type: cordon and search. Controlling headquarters: 1st Bde, 25th Inf Div; 7th ARVN Rgt. Task organization: 1st Bde, 9th Inf Div: 4-9 Inf, 2-14 Inf, 4-23 Inf (M), 3-4 Cav (-), 7-11 Art; 7th ARVN Rgt (-). Intelligence: 2nd Go Mon PLAF LF Bn, 7th Cu Chi PLAF LF Bn. Execution: Operation AKUMU was a sub operation of BARKING SANDS. The mission was to conduct a cordon and search and pacification operation in Phu Hoa Dong village located 5 km northeast of the Cu Chi Base Camp. The 1st Bde would cordon the village in Operation AKUMU while the 7th ARVN Rgt would conduct search and clearing of the village in Operation XAY DUONG. Contact with the enemy was minimal but 273 bunkers and 74 tunnels were destroyed. Results: 15 enemy killed, 1 returnee (friendly losses unknown).

8 Jul.-26 Aug.
Operation: HONG KIL DONG
Location: Dong Tre, Cung Son, The Hub, Song Ky Lo, Phu Yen, Phu Bon and Khanh Hoa Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: ROK Field Command, Vietnam. Task organization49: CRID (-), WHRID (-). Intelligence: 5th PAVN Div (18B and 95th PAVN Rgts). Execution: The first phase of Operation HONG KIL DONG, named after a legendary Korean folk hero, was targeted at the 95th PAVN Rgt believed to be located in the mountainous area known as 'The Hub”, northwest of Tuy Hoa. Four battalions from the CRID deployed south of Dong Tre to attack southeast and three battalions of the WHRID staged at Cung Son to assault northeast while two battalions from the 47th ARVN Rgt would occupy blocking positions to the east. Moving out after B-52s had blanketed the target, the Koreans met little resistance at first, pressing forward methodically and encountering several company-size base camps and caves, claiming 500 enemy killed by 25 Jul. On 12 Aug, the second phase of HONG KIL DONG began with the two divisions conducting separate offensives. The CRID moved northeast into the Song Ky Lo Valley, searching the headquarters of the 5th PAVN Division. The drive ended on the morning of 25 Aug when the Koreans reached the Phu Yen-Phu Bon provincial border without making any significant contacts. Meanwhile, the WHRID sent three battalions into a base area along the Phu Yen-Khanh Hoa border but they too found no trace of their target, the 18B PAVN Rgt. Results: 638 enemy killed, 88 captured, 26 ROK KIA, 63 ROK WIA.

8 Jul.-30 Oct.
Operation: MARCH I
Location: Plei Trap Valley, Kontum Province. Type: reconnaissance. Controlling headquarters: 5th SFGA. Task organization: B-50 Det Project OMEGA. Execution: Long range reconnaissance and intelligence gathering conducted in the Plei Trap Valley. Results: (no info).

9-11 Jul.
Operation: QUYET THANG/96/G
Location: Quang Ngai Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 2nd ARVN Division. Results: 53 enemy killed, 4 detained, 5 ARVN WIA, 2 ARVN MIA.

New Operations

10-14 Jul.
Operation: AN DAN 85
Location: Long An Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 25th ARVN Div. Results: 52 enemy killed, 15 ARVN WIA.

10 Jul.-31 Oct.
Operation: FREMONT
Location: Camp Evans, Hill 51, Hill 67, Phong Dien District, Thua Thien Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 4th Marines. Task organization: 2/4 Marines (10 Jul-14 Sep), 3/26 Marines (14 Sep-31 Oct). Execution: The 4th Marines initiated Operation FREMONT with its own 2/4 to provide security for Camp Evans, Hill 51, the Phong Dien District Headquarters and a radio transmission site on Hill 67. On 20 Jul, 2/4 provided blocking forces near My Chanh for SLF BRAVO in Operation BEAR CHAIN. BLT 2/3 became opcon to 4th Marines on 22 Jul and joined FREMONT, until back loading on 21 Aug. Contact was sporadic in Aug with only 13 US KIA for the month. During Sep, 2/4 in conjunction with ARVN forces helped secure nearby villages and hamlets during the National Elections. On 14 Sep, 2/4 joined Operation KINGFISHER and was replaced by 3/26 Marines. Contacts remained low until termination, being limited to harassing tactics, mines incidents and sniper fire. Results: 123 enemy killed, 8 captured, 17 US KIA, 196 US WIA.

Other

10 Jul.
GEN Westmoreland departs on 13-day visit to US. GEN Abrams assumes temporary command

10 Jul.
Battle of Xan Tan Hung. Shortly, after midnight, the 2nd Bn, 141st PAVN Rgt launched a ground assault on the hamlet of Xa Tan Hung 5 km southeast of An Loc defended by a company from the 9th Rgt, 5th ARVN Div and supported by US artillery and gunships. 144 enemy are killed and 10 captured at the cost of 15 ARVN KIA and 46 ARVN WIA
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Jason Petho
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Re: Vietnam

Post by Jason Petho »

Ongoing Operations today in 1967

26 Aug.66-20 Jan.68
Operation: BYRD
Location: Phan Thiet, LZ BETTY, Binh Thuan Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: I FFORCEV. Task organization: TF 2-7: 2-7 Cav, C/1-9 Cav, A/1-21 Art, C/2-20 Art (-), C/8th Eng Bn (-), C/229th Avn Bn, Det 228th Avn Bn. Execution: Planned as a short-term, economy-of-force measure, BYRD became a continuous offensive that would last into 1968. Upon I FFORCEV request, the 1st Cav Div detached at battalion-size task force to help pacify isolated Binh Thuan Province in southern II Corps. Results (at year's end): 351 enemy killed, 151 detained, 8 US KIA, 85 US WIA.

1 Oct.66-17 Jan 68
Operation: DAZZLEM
Location: Camp Radcliff, An Khe, Binh Dinh Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 1st Cav Div. Task organization: Base Defense Task Force. Execution: Operation DAZZLEM was the contingency plan for the defense of Camp Radcliff provided by one infantry battalion with supporting artillery and
reinforcing personnel from residence units. On 17 Jan 68, the 173d Abn Bde relieved the 1st Cav Div from the mission of defending An Khe. Results: 80 enemy killed, 9 detained.

11 Oct.66-17 Nov.67
Operation: UNIONTOWN II
Location: Long Binh, Bien Hoa Province Type: security. Controlling headquarters: II FFORCEV. Execution: Operation UNIONTOWN was a security operation designed to protect the Long Binh logistical complex, RMK Rock Quarry and II FFORCEV Headquarters. Units were assigned on a rotation basis from each major command under II FFORCEV.

30 Nov. 66-15 Dec.67
Operation: FAIRFAX/RANG DONG
Location: Nha Be, Thu Duc and Binh Chanh Districts, Gia Dinh Province. Type: pacification. Controlling headquarters: II FFORCEV, CMD. Task organization: 1st Inf Div (30 Nov 66-31 Jan 67): 2-16 Inf; 4th Inf Div (30 Nov 66-31 Jan 67): 3-22 Inf; 25th Inf Div (30 Nov 66-31 Jan 67): 4-9 Inf; CMD (30 Nov 66-31 Jan 67): 3rd and 5th ARVN Abn Bns, 30th Ranger Bn; 199th LIB (31 Jan-15 Dec.): 2-3 Inf, 3-7 Inf, 4-12 Inf, 2-40 Art; 5th ARVN Ranger Group (31 Jan.-15 Dec): 30th, 33rd and 38th ARVN Ranger Bns. Intelligence: Military Region 4, 165A PLAF Regiment. Execution: ... SEE ABOVE... Results (end of 1966): 149 enemy killed, 40 detained, 11 US KIA, 67 US WIA, 23 ARVN KIA, 58 ARVN WIA, 1 ARVN MIA.

1 Feb.-23 Sep.
Operation: LAM SON 142/AB/P3
Location: Quang Tri and Thua Thien Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 1st ARVN Div. Results: 435 enemy killed, 33 detained, 172 ARVN KIA, 420 ARVN WIA, 31 ARVN MIA.

8 Feb.67-31 Jan.68
Operation: LAM SON 67
Location: Phu Loi, An My, Ong Dong Jungle, Binh Duong, Bien Hoa and Gia Dinh Provinces. Type: search and destroy, cordon and search, saturation patrolling, security, jungle clearing. Controlling headquarters: 2d Bde, 1st Inf Div (8 Feb-17 Mar, 17 Apr 67-31 Jan 68); 3d Bde, 1st Inf Div (17 Mar-17 Apr). Task organization: 1st Inf Div Revolutionary Development Task Force (various infantry, cavalry and support units were assigned on a rotation basis during the period). Execution: The operation supported the GVN's Revolutionary Development Program in conjunction with ARVN units in Binh Duong, Bien Hoa and Gia Dinh Provinces. LAM SON 67 consisted of cordon and search, reconnaissance in force, harassment, jungle clearing, population control, civic action and psychological warfare operations directed against priority targets. Contact in the AO was characterized by light sporadic incidents with local VC elements. On 6 Jan 68, the Phu Loi base camp received 123 rounds of mixed mortar fire, 46 aircraft were damaged and 6 US WIA. Reacting to the attack, A/2-18 Inf and B/2-2 Inf (M) swept the area to the north of the base and contacted two enemy companies of the Phu Loi PLAF Bn. 92 enemy were killed, 4 US KIA and 14 US WIA. Operation LAM SON 67 was terminated on 31 Jan 68 with the beginning of the enemy's Tet Offensive. Results: 527 enemy killed, 263 captured, 2,327 detained, 346 defectors, 56 US KIA, 572 US WIA.

12 Feb. 67-18 Jan. 68
Operation: PERSHING
Location: Bong Son, Tuy An, Tam Quan, Hoa Tan, Sa Huynh, Truong Son, An Qui, Trung Xuan, An Lac, An Lao Valley, Kim Son Valley, Suoi Ca Valley, 506 Valley, Nuoc Dinh Valley, Phu My Valley, Song Re Valley, the Crescent, Nui Mieu, Nui Sang, Cay Giep, Dam Tra-O Lake, Route 1, LZ BRONCO BEACH, LZ CRYSTAL, LZ ENGLISH, LZ GARNET, LZ GERONIMO, LZ GLENN, LZ HAMMOND, LZ IRON, LZ MEADE, LZ PAT, LZ SANDRA, LZ STEEL, LZ TOM, LZ TWO BITS, LZ UPLIFT, Binh Dinh and Quang Ngai Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 1st Cav Div. Task organization (As of 12 Feb): 1 s t Bde: 1-8 Cav, 1-12 Cav, 5-7 Cav, 2-19 Art (-), D/2-17 Art, C/1-21 Art, A/3-18 Art; 2d Bde: 2-5 Cav, 1-5 Cav (-), 1-7 Cav (-), 2-12 Cav, 1-77 Art (-), B/1-8 Art, A/1-21 Art, C/1-30 Art, B/8th Eng; 3d Bde: 2-8 Cav, C/1-5 Cav, 1-21 Art (-), 2-17 Art (-), C/6-16 Art, C/2-19 Art, C/8th Eng; 3d Bde, 25 t h Inf Div (12 Feb-19 Apr): 1-14 Inf, 1-35 Inf, 2-35 Inf (4-19 Apr), 2-9 Art, A/1-77 Art, 5-16 Art, C/3-4 Cav, D/65th Eng; Div Arty: 2-20 Art (-), 7-13 Art (-), B/29 Art, E/82 Art, 3-18 Art (-); Div Troops: 1-9 Cav, 8th Eng Bn (-). Intelligence: 3rd PAVN Div: 18th and 22nd PAVN Rgts, 2nd PLAF Rgt. Execution: ... SEE ABOVE ... Results: 5,
388 enemy killed, 2,356 captured, 10,609 detained, 221 returnees, 852 US KIA, 4,119 US WIA, 22 US MIA.

13 Feb. 67-10 Mar. 68
Operation: ENTERPRISE
Location: Tan An, Rach Kien, Ben Luc, Binh Phuoc, Tan Tru, Doi Ma Creek, Plain of Reeds9, Base Area 371, Route 14, Long An Province. Type: search and destroy, cordon and search, saturation patrolling, eagle flights. Controlling headquarters: 3d Bde, 9th Inf Div. Task organization: 3-39 Inf, 2-60 Inf, 5-60 Inf (M), 2-4 Art, C/15th Eng. Intelligence: 2nd PLAF MF Bn, 506th PLAF LF Bn. Execution: ENTERPRISE was the continuation of the pacification effort of Long An Province initiated the previous year by the 25th Inf Div with Operation LANIKAI. On 13 Feb, 3-39 Inf relieved 2-14 Inf at Rach Kien. Strength of division elements in the province were subsequently increased to brigade size with movement of 2-60 Inf into Tan Tru, 5-60 Inf into Binh Phuoc and Headquarters, 3d Bde into Tan An. The first major engagement occurred on 9 Apr when 3-39 Inf made contact with the 506th PLAF Bn on the bank of Doi Ma Creek. Additional companies were brought in, killing 247 of the enemy. On 2 May, the 506th Bn exacted vengeance on the 3-39 Inf, attacking one of its companies in night defensive position near Route 4. 17 US were KIA and 48 WIA but no enemy bodies were found. The operation was temporarily extended north to the Plain of Reeds area on 8-14 May with sub-operation NIRVANA II directed against the enemy's Base Area 371. Elements of the 3d Bde joined forces with the 4/50 ARVN Bn of the 25th ARVN Div but found nothing, killing only 14 of the enemy. On 14 May, the 2nd PLAF Bn struck the compound of the 2/50 ARVN Bn in Rach Kien, killing 31 South Vietnamese soldiers and wounding 34. 3d Bde units were committed but couldn't regain contact with the attacking force. After that, contact with the enemy dropped sharply for the remainder of 1967, indicating an apparent enemy desire to avoid friendly forces. On 31 Jan 68, the brigade responded to the Tet Offensive, 5-60 Inf engaged in heavy fighting southwest of Saigon in Gia Dinh Province, killing 128 enemy soldiers. From 1-5 Feb, 3-39 Inf and 2-60 Inf were sent to Kien Hoa Province to help recapture Ben Tre, the provincial capital. On 10 Feb, the brigade HQ at Tan An came under attack from an unknown size enemy force. 33 enemy were killed, 4 US KIA and 53 US WIA. During March, brigade elements conducted "Aquabush" operations along the numerous canals south of Saigon in conjunction with the 199th Inf Bde (Lt). Pacification activities decreased sharply during the Tet Offensive and the operation was terminated on 10 March. Results: 2,107 enemy killed, 74 US KIA, 380 US WIA.

14 Feb.67-21 Mar.68
Operation: KITTYHAWK
Location: Long Binh, Xuan Loc, Long Giao, Gia Ray, Suoi Cat, Blackhorse, Route 1, Route 2, Long Khanh and Bien Hoa Province. Type: reconnaissance-in-force, cordon and search, security, road clearing. Controlling headquarters: 9th Inf Div (14 Feb 67-15 Feb 68); 11th ACR (15 Feb-21 Mar 68). Task organization: 3-5 Cav, 1/11 ACR, 2/11 ACR, 3/11 ACR. Intelligence: 275th PLAF Rgt. Execution: The purpose of KITTYHAWK was to secure LOCs and selected installations within Long Khanh Province, conduct reconnaissance-in-force operations and cordon and search of selected hamlets within the AO, secure Blackhorse base camp and the Gia Ray rock quarry and provide ready reaction forces along Route 1. On 21 May, K Troop, 3/11 ACR was ambushed by an estimated reinforced enemy battalion near Suoi Cat on Route 1. 30 enemy are killed, 12 US KIA and 13 US WIA. On 27 Jun 1/11 ACR moved to reinforce the 52nd ARVN Rgr Bn which was in heavy contact with elements of the 3rd Bn, 275th PLAF Rgt, killing 49 of the enemy11. On 30 Dec two enemy companies ambushed Troop C, 3-5 Cav on Route 2. Friendly losses are 10 KIA, 29 WIA and 3 MIA. On 31 Jan 68, in reaction to the VC Tet Offensive, the 3-5 Cav was alerted to respond to enemy activity in the Long Binh-Bien Hoa area. A/3-5 Cav bypassed several roadblocks, breaking through enemy forces and reached the Bien Hoa airfield, sweeping nearby wood lines and killing 40. During the period 2-3 Feb, C/3-5 Cav was sent to defend Xuan Loc against an intense ground attack, killing nearly 50 enemy soldiers. On 15 Feb the KITTYHAWK mission was assumed by the 11th ACR as the 3-5 Cav (-) was directed by HQ USARV to deploy to Da Nang, I CTZ. On 21 Mar, the operation was phased into Operation ALCORN COVE. Results: 201 enemy killed, 7 captured, 1 returnee, 62 US KIA, 224 US WIA.

5 Apr.-11 Oct.
Operation: FRANCIS MARION
Location: Plei Me, Duc Co, Plei Djereng, Plei Mrong, Plei Do Lim, Buon Blech, Se San, Ia Drang, Ia Tchar, Dak Ayun, Dak Payou, Chu Pong, Chu Prong, Chu Goungot, Chu Groh, Route 14, Route 14B, Route 19E, Route 509, Hill 521, LZ OASIS, LZ JACKSON HOLE, Pleiku and Darlac Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 4th Inf Div. Task organization: (effective 7 April): 1 s t Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 1-8 Inf, 3-8 Inf, 3-12 Inf, 6-29 Art, B/4-42 Art, C/3-4 Cav (-), A/4th Eng (-); 2d Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 2-8 Inf (-), 1-12 Inf, 1-22 Inf, Plt B/1-69 Arm, 4-42 Art (-), B/4th Eng (-); TF 1-69 Arm: 1-69 Arm (-), Plt C/2-8 Inf (-), Cav Plt 1-10 Cav, B/3-6 Art, A/5-16 Art; TF 1-10 Cav: 1-10 Cav (-), 3-6 Art (-); Div Arty: 6-14 Art, 5-16 Art (-), 1-92 Art; Div Troops: D/4-60 Art (-), 4th Avn Bn, 4th Eng Bn. Task organization: (effective 26 April): 1 s t Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 1-8 Inf, 3-12 Inf, 6-29 Art (-), C/4-42 Art, A/4th Eng (-); 2d Bde, 4 t h In f Div: 2-8 Inf, 1-12 Inf, 1-22 Inf, 4-42 Art (-), A/6-29 Art, B/4th Eng (-); TF 1-69 Arm: 1-69 Arm (-), 3-6 Art (-); TF 1-10 Cav: 1-10 Cav (-), A/3-6 Art; TF 3-8 Inf: 3-8 Inf, C/6-29 Art, A/5-16 Art; Div Arty: 6-14 Art, 5-16 Art (-), 1-92 Art; Div Troops: D/4-60 Art (-), 4th Avn Bn, 4th Eng Bn. Task organization: (effective 30 May): 1 s t Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 1-8 Inf, 3-8 Inf, 3-12 Inf, 6-29 Art, A/4th Eng (-); 2d Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 2-8 Inf (M), 1-12 Inf, 1-22 Inf, 4-42 Art, B/4th Eng (-); 173d Abn Bde: 1-503 Inf, 2-503 Inf, 4-503 Inf, 3-319 Art, D/16 Arm, E/17 Cav, 173d Eng Co; TF 1-69 Arm: 1-69 Arm (-), 3-6 Art (-); Div Arty: 5-16 Art (-); Div Troops: D/4-60 Art (-), 4th Avn Bn, 4th Eng Bn. Task organization: (effective 24 Sep): 1 s t Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 1-8 Inf, 2-8 Inf (M), 3-8 Inf, 6-29 Art (-), A/4-42 Art,, A/4th Eng (-); 2d Bde, 4 t h Inf Div: 1-12 Inf, 3-12 Inf, 1-22 Inf, 4-42 Art (-), B/6-29 Art, B/4th Eng (-); TF 1-69 Arm: 1-69 Arm (-), 3-6 Art (-); Div Arty: 6-14 Art, 5-16 Art (-), 1-92 Art; Div Troops: 2-1 Cav, D/4-60 Art (-), 4th Avn Bn, 4th Eng Bn. Intelligence: B3 Front, 1st NVA Div (32nd, 66th and 88th Rgts), 10th NVA Div (95B and 101C Rgts), 200th NVA Art Bn, 407th PLAF MF Sapper Bn, H-15 PLAF LF Bn.. Execution: ... SEE ABOVE.... Results: 1,204 enemy killed, 122 detained, 11 returnees, 198 US KIA, 982 US WIA, 8 US MIA.

21 Apr.-12 Jul.
Operation: BAC THIEN 817
Location: Tam Quan, Bong Son, LZ ENGLISH, Binh Dinh
Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: VNMC Task Force ALPHA. Task organization: 4th and 5th VNMC Bns, B/VNMC Art Bn. Execution: On 18-19 Apr, Task Force ALPHA flew to LZ ENGLISH to relieve TF BRAVO and began search and destroy and pacification operations in a TAOR including Tam Quan on the north, Bong Son to the south, the portion of Route 1 connecting the two towns, with the South China Sea serving as the eastern boundary, coordinating with the 1st Cav Div's Operation PERSHING. After termination of BAC THIEN, TF ALPHA remained in the area until 26 Jul when it was relieved by TF BRAVO (2nd VNMC Bn and C/VNMV Art Bn) and returned to Thu Duc to prepare for CORONADO II. Results: (no info).

22 Apr.67-2 Jan 68.
Operation: BAKER
Location: Duc Pho, Mo Duc, Vinh Hien, Tan Phong, Dien Truong, An Ba, An Tach, Song Tra Cau, Song Ve, LZ MONTEZUMA (later renamed LZ BRONCO), LZ GUADALCANAL, LZ OLIVE DRAB, LZ LIZ, LZ DRAGON, RAZORBACK Beach, Quang Ngai Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 3d Bde TF, 25th Inf Div (redesignated 3d Bde, 4th Inf Div on 1 Aug). Task organization: 1-14 Inf, 1-35 Inf, 2-35 Inf, 2-9 Art, C/3-4 Cav, B/1-9 Cav, C/2-34 Arm. Intelligence: 1st PLAF Rgt, 2nd PLAF Rgt, 22nd PAVN Rgt. Execution: ...SEE ABOVE... Results: (no info).

11 May-21 Jul.
Operation: -
Location: Rung Sat Special Zone, Gia Dinh Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: VNMC Brigade. Task organization: 6th VNMC Bn, A/VNMC Art Bn, RAG 22. Results: (no info).

13 May-16 Jul.
Operation: CROCKETT
Location: Khe Sanh, Hill 861, Hill 881S, Hill 950, Quang Tri Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 26th Marines (Forward). Task organization: 1/26 Marines, 3/26 Marines (from 13 Jun), A/3d Recon. Intelligence: 325C PAVN Div. Execution: After the end of the First Battle of Khe Sanh ('Khe Sanh Hill Fights'), 1/26 Marines replaced the two battalions from the 3d Marines there. The mission was to occupy key terrain, deny enemy access into the vital areas, conduct aggressive patrolling withing the AO and provide security for the base and adjacent outposts on nearby Hill 881S, 861 and 950. Numerous sightings of the enemy were made during May but there was only occasional contact. On 6 Jun, the radio relay site on Hill 950 received a ground probe, 10 enemy were killed, 6 US KIA and 2 US WIA. The next day, a patrol from B/1/26 made heavy contact with an estimated enemy company. 66 enemy were killed, 18 US KIA and 28 US WIA. Due to the increasing number of enemy contacts, 3/26 Marines arrived at Khe Sanh on 13 Jun. Both battalions had many contacts with isolated enemy forces during the last weeks of the month. On 27 Jun, I/3/26 ran into two NVA companies, killing 35 but during July enemy activity decreased in the Khe Sanh AO and the operation was terminated on 16 Jul. Results: 206 enemy killed, 5 detained, 52 US KIA, 255 WIA.

14 May.-7 Dec.
Operation: KOLE KOLE
Location: Duc Hoa, Bao Trai, Hiep Hoa, Loc Giang, Trang Bang, Song Vam Co Dong, Rach Tra, Xinh An Ha, Route 10, Hau Nghia and Tay Ninh Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 2d Bde, 25th Inf Div. Task organization: 1-5 Inf (M), 1-27 Inf, 2-27 Inf, 1-8 Art. Intelligence: 2nd Go Mon and 269th PLAF LF Bns. Execution: Operation KOLE KOLE was initiated by the 2d Bde in Hau Nghia Province using EAGLE FLIGHTS and airmobile operations based on current intelligence. Cordon and search, outposting and country fair operations were also conducted in conjunction with the 25th ARVN Div, CIDG and RF/PF. On 17 May, elements of 1/27 Inf and 2/27 Inf fought an eight-hour engagement west of the Vam Co Dong with a VC company. Results were 27 enemy killed, 2 US KIA and 9 US WIA. There was intermittent contact during June and July, particularly along the An Ha canal and near Loc Giang. The brigade also secured engineer operations along Route 10 to improve the GVN's authority and control west of Trang Bang. In early August, the reconnaissance platoon of 1/27 Inf with helicopter support intercepted VC recon elements from Long An Province, killing 26. During September, KOLE KOLE shifted to northern Hau Nghai and southwestern Tay Ninh Province. 1-5 Inf (M) conducted extensive dismounted ambush patrols around Loc Giang along the Vam Co while 2-27 Inf engaged scattered elements of the 269th PLAF Bn. On 21 Oct, an EAGLE FLIGHT from 1-27 Inf engaged an estimated enemy platoon south of Tay Ninh, killing 18. On 31 Oct, 2-27 Inf made contact with elements of the 2nd Go Mon Bn north of the Rach Tra, killing 28 and capturing 2. Enemy activity decreased for the rest of KOLE KOLE and the brigade concentrated on pacification and land clearing operations. Results: 797 enemy killed, 150 detained, 34 returnees, 144 US KIA, 876 US WIA

18 May-7 Dec.
Operation: BARKING SANDS
Location: Cu Chi, Trang Bang, Phu Hoa, Iron Triangle, Ho Bo Woods, Song Saigon, Hau Nghia and Binh Duong Provinces. Type: pacification. Controlling headquarters: 1st Bde, 25th Inf Div. Task organization: 4-9 Inf, 2-14 Inf, 4-23 Inf (M), 7-11 Art. Execution: The 1st Bde employed counter guerrilla warfaretechniques including saturation patrolling, checkmate, bushmaster and cordon and search operations to pacify Cu Chi and Trang Bang Districts in Hau Nghia Province and Phu Hoa District in Binh Duong Province. Buddy operations were also conducted with local PF platoons and RF companies. On 30 Aug, 4-9 Inf conducted an airmobile assault against an entrenched VC battalion in the Iron Triangle resulting in 4 enemy killed, 11 US KIA and 43 US WIA. During September, primary emphasis was placed on denying VC access to populated areas during the National Elections. Land clearing operations were also initiated along the Song Saigon to eliminate VC concealment. In October, 9,645 acres of the Ho Bo Woods were cleared by Rome Plows following Operation KUNIA. Contact during BARKING SANDS was limited to squad and platoon size elements and no major engagement occurred. Four sub-operations were conducted in the BARKING SANDS AO during the period: KAWELA, AKUMU,WAIMEA and KUNIA (see individual operations below). Results (inclusive of the four sub-operations): 370 enemy killed, 85 detained, 10 returnees, 110 US KIA, 1114 US WIA.

18 May-7 Dec.
Operation: DIAMOND HEAD
Location: Tay Ninh West, Dau Tieng, Suoi Da, Prek Klok, Ben Cui, Michelin Plantation, Boi Loi Woods, The Crescent, The Trapezoid, Tay Ninh and Binh Duong Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 3d Bde, 4th Inf Div33. Task organization: 2-12 Inf, 2-22 Inf (M), 3-22 Inf, 2-77 Art, 2-34 Arm (-) (from 22 Sep), C/1-10 Cav, C/4th Eng. Execution: The mission was to conduct search and destroy operations in Tay Ninh Province, cordon and search operations in the Michelin Plantation, and security and reinforcement missions in the Tay Ninh and Prek Klok areas. With one battalion detached to Operation UNIONTOWN and another providing security for the Dau Tieng and Tay Ninh West base camps, contact in the AO were very limited during the months of May, June and July. On 1 Aug, the 3d Bde, 4th Inf Div was redesignated the 3d Bde, 25th Inf Div. No movement of troops or units were involved in this redesignation. On 15 Aug, an airmobile cordon and search of Thanh An was conducted by 3-22 Inf in conjunction with VN National Police. 6 enemy were killed and 42 detained. In September, the brigade provided security during the National elections. In October, continued battalion size search and destroy operations were conducted in the Michelin Plantation to prevent its use as an enemy haven, in and south of Ben Cui, and in the northern portion of the Trapezoid, which extends 15 km to the southeast of Dau Tieng. Bushmaster operations were conducted in an area known as the Crescent, 8 km northwest of Dau Tieng. All operations were marked by extremely light contact. In November, operations were conducted in the upper Boi Loi Woods and in the Ben Cui Plantation, again with light contact. During this period operations were curtailed due to two battalions being opcon to the other brigades. On 25-25 Now, 2-22 Inf (M) made contact with a VC company near the Mushroom bend on the Saigon River, killing 20. This was the last contact during DIAMOND HEAD before the operation came to an end on 7 Dec. Results: 237 enemy killed, 496 detained, 4 returnees. (US losses unknown).

1 Jun.-26 Jul.
Operation: CORONADO I
Location: Dong Tam, Can Giuoc, Can Duoc, Go Cong, Cua Soi Rap, Song Vam Co, Song Rach Cac, FSB TANGO, FSB X-RAY (Fort Courage), Binh Xuan Secret Zone, Rung Sat Special Zone, Dinh Tuong, Long An and Go Cong Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 2d Bde, 9th Inf Div (MRF). Task organization: 3-47 Inf, 4-47 Inf, 3-34 Art, D/15th Eng, USN TF 117. Intelligence: 514th PLAF LF Bn, 5th Nha Be PLAF LF Bn. Execution: On 1 Jun, the Mobile Riverine Force was officially activated, with the arrival at Dong Tam of its full navalcomplement. Subsequently, the brigade headquarters, 3-47 Inf, 4-47 Inf and supporting units were placed aboard ship, leaving only 3-60 Inf (TF FUNSTON) ashore to provide base security. During the period 13-17 Jun the fully constituted MRF conducted its first operation in the Rung Sat Special Zone37. Full scale operations however started on 19 Jun when CORONADO I finally went underway. Anchoring at the mouths of the Vam Co, Soi Rap and Rach Cac Rivers, the MRF struck at the 5th Nha Be Bn near the town of Can Giuoc in Long An Province38. On 19 Jun, both battalions converged via helicopter and riverine transports to the target area, meeting heavy resistance. Fighting lasted all day until the remnants of the 5th Nha Be escaped across the Rach Nui under the cover of darkness. 256 enemy had been killed, 21 US KIA and 53 US WIA. Following this engagement, the MRF remained in the area, conducting company-size operations in the RSSZ, Can Duoc District and northern Go Cong Province, coordinating with the 199th Inf Bde (Lt) and 3/46 ARVN Bn. On 4 Jul, the MRF attacked the Binh Xuan Secret Zone, located northwest of Go Cong, co-operating with a provisional Popular Forces battalion. During the next three days, contacts with elements of the 514th PLAF Bn resulted in over 100 enemy killed without a single US casualty. A hundred South Vietnamese deserters and draft dodgers were also apprehended. The MRF returned to Can Giuoc District after the Go Cong operations, conducting riverine assaults along the Rach Cac during the period 20-22 Jul. On 24 Jul, the MRF with the 3rd VNMC Bn and 3/46 ARVN Bn moved to northern Can Giuoc District in an effort to reduce the enemy threat the the district capital. No contact was made and CORONADO I terminated with the MRF returning to Dong Tam. Results: 478 enemy killed, 526 detained, 40 US KIA, 173 US WIA.

1 Jun.67-7 Feb.68
Operation: HOPTAC
Location: Dong Tam, Dinh Tuong Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 9th Inf Div. Task organization: Task Force FUNSTON39. Execution: Operation HOPTAC was an internal defense and development operation in Dinh Tuong Province which included security of the Dong Tam base. Task Force FUNSTON provided land and waterborne security for engineer dredging equipment and maintained a ready reaction force to assist local GVN units and installations if needed. In most cases contact with the VC was characterized by light fire fights and sniper fire. On 1 Feb 68 the enemy fired more than 170 82 mm mortar and 75 mm RR rounds into the base resulting in minor damage and 11 US WIA. In the early morning hours of 3, 4, 5 and 7 Feb, the enemy continued to attack the base with mortar and RR fire. The heaviest attack came on 7 Feb with an estimated 200 rounds fired at the base. Elements of 5-60 Inf and 2-39 Inf conducted reaction airmobile assaults and RIF operations 8 km east of Dong tam, making contact with two VC companies, killing 23 while losing 5 KIA and 11 WIA. Results: 296 enemy killed, 11 captured, 3 returnees, 37 US KIA, 364 US WIA.

8 Jun.-2 Aug.
Operation: MALHEUR II
Location: Base Area 122, Base Area 123, Base Area 124, Song Tra Cau, Song Ve, Song Ne, BASTOGNE AO, ZON AO, NORMANDY AO, LZ CARENTAN, Quang Ngai Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 1st Bde, 101st Abn Div. Task organization: 1-327 Inf, 2-327 Inf, 2-502 Inf, 2-320 Art, C/2-11 Art, A/2-17 Cav, A/326th Eng. Intelligence: 1st and 2nd PLAF Rgts. Execution: On 8 Jun the brigade reoriented its effort into the BASTOGNE AO to the north with 1-327 Inf and 2-327 Inf air assaulting into Base Area 123 and 2-502 Inf air assaulting into 122 the following day. Contacts on the first day resulted in 19 enemy killed, 6 US KIA and 25 US WIA. Contact was sporadic during the first week and on 14 Jun the brigade commenced the evacuation of the civilian population of the Song Tra Cau and southern portion of the Song Ve Valleys to the Nghia Hanh refugee center. On 16 Jun, 1-327 Inf conducted an airmobile assault in the northern portion of the Song Ve Valley, making contact with an estimated enemy battalion. Results were 17 enemy killed, 5 US KIA and 51 US WIA. Evacuation operations were terminated on 23 Jun with 5,757 refugees, 30 tons of rice and 1,196 heads of cattle relocated. Search and destroy operations continued in the ZON AO to the west with 2-502 Inf and 2-327 Inf searching the Song Ne Valley for the 1st PLAF Rgt but without result. On 3 Jul, 1-327 returned to CARENTAN to prepare for operation LAKE. The remaining two battalions continued their search and evacuated the population of the Song Ne. On 10-11 Jul, after receiving intelligence indicating that the 2nd PLAF Rgt had returned south to Base Area 124, 2-327 Inf and 2-502 Inf were reinserted into the old NORMANDY AO but found little. Agent reports, information gained from captured VC and other intelligence indicated that the 1st and 2nd PLAF Rgts were at less than 50% strength and that both were attempting to meet in Base Area 123 in order to form one combat effective regiment. The brigade scheduled a B-52 strike followed by an airmobile assault in the area, but once again little was found and the operation was terminated on 2 Aug. Results (includes MALHEUR I and MALHEUR II): 869 enemy killed, 80 captured, 81 US KIA, 594 US WIA, 1 US MIA.

8 Jun.-15 Sep.
Operation: CUMBERLAND
Location: Nam Hoa, Gia Le, Route 547, Route 548, A Shau Valley, Thua Thien Province. Type: security, road construction, artillery raid. Controlling headquarters: 4th Marines. Task organization: 1/4 Marines, 2-94 Art. Execution: This infantry and engineer operation provided for the upgrading and construction of a land-line of communication from Hue along Routes 547 and 548 toward the A Shau Valley and the establishment of an artillery FSB in the vicinity of YD 605085. On 7 Jul, 1/4 displaced to Dong Ha leaving only A/1/4 to provide security for the working parties. CUMBERLAND resumed on 17 Jul. In Aug, Army 175mm guns from 2-94 Art were introduced into the area to fire H&I missions into the A Shau. Contact with the enemy was very light during the entire operation and CUMBERLAND was terminated at the start of the monsoon season. Results: 5 US KIA, 88 US WIA, no info on enemy losses.

11 Jun.-14 Jul.
Operation: DAN CHI/289/A
Location: Phong Dinh Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 21st ARVN Div. Results: 210 enemy killed, 217 detained, 5 ARVN KIA, 60 ARVN WIA

15 Jun.-14 Jul.
Operation: BLACKJACK 26
Location: Kontum and Binh Dinh Provinces. Type: mobile guerrilla. Controlling headquarters: 5th SFGA. Task Organization: 23rd Co, A-219 MIKE Force. Execution: operation took place in northeastern Kontum and western Binh Dinh Provinces. Only 4 contacts were made with no confirmed enemy casualties. Results: 2 MIKE KIA, 3 USSF WIA, 3 MIKE WIA.

18 Jun.-12 Oct.
Operation: GREELEY
Location: Kontum, Dak To, Tan Canh, Dak Seang, Dak Pek, Toumorong, Dak Poko, Dak Akoi, Hill 830, Hill 1338, FSB 4, Kontum Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 4th Inf Div. Task organization: 173d Abn Bde: 1-503 Inf, 2-503 Inf, 4-503 Inf, 3-319 Art, E/17 Cav, D/16 Arm, 173d Eng Co; 3d Bde, 1st Cav Div (24 Jun-25 Jul): 1-7 Cav, 5-7 Cav, 2-12 Cav, 1-21 Art; 1st ARVN Abn TF (24 Jun-25 Jul): 3d, 5th and 8th ARVN Abn Bns; 24th STZ: 1/42 Inf. Intelligence: 24th and 174th PAVN Rgts, K101D PAVN Bn, 304th PLAF MF Bn, 200th PLAF Art Bn, H-15 PLAF LF Bn . Execution: From 1-18 Jun, the 173d Abn Bde continued participation in Operation FRANCIS MARION, searching further south and east in the Ia Drang Valley. The brigade deployed the 1-503 Inf and 2-503 Inf into the AO, holding 4-503 Inf in reserve at Catecka. No significant contact was made. On 17 Jun, TF MC QUARRIE (2-503 Inf, E/17 Cav, A/3-319 Art) moved by air and motor convoy to the New Dak To Airfield, joined the following day by 1-503 Inf. The mission, named GREELEY, was to assume opcon of the CIDG Camp at Dak To under threat from the 24th PAVN Rgt and assist in its defense. On 18 Jun, 2-503 Inf began searching south of Dak To toward the huge mass of Hill 1338 (Ngok Bor Beang). C/1-503 Inf was also inserted into the area to search for a missing SF and CIDG team which had been destroyed by the NVA on 15-16 Jun, 1400 meters southwest of their camp. On 22 Jun, after a fruitless search of Hill 1338, 2-503 Inf was instructed to return to Dak To on foot. Shortly after leaving its NDP, A/2-503 bumped into an enemy battalion from the 24th PAVN Rgt42 while descending the slopes of Hill 1338. Two platoons were cut off and annihilated while the rest of the company formed a small perimeter and called supporting fires. Cos B and C were rushed to the rescue but arrived too late. 76 Americans had been killed, some executed point blank by the enemy, and 23 wounded. 106 enemy bodies were counted in the battle area. This action became known as 'The Battle of the Slopes' and as one of the costliest engagement for US forces in Vietnam. Concerned by the size of the battle and the US losses, General Larsen at I FFORCEV decided to reinforce GREELEY. On 23 Jun, 2-12 Cav arrived from the PERSHING AO while the rest of the 173d Abn Bde (CP (-) and 4-503 Inf) closed Dak To from Catecka. The next day, 24 Jun, the 3d Bde, 1st Cav Div (-) and 1st ARVN Abn TF arrived at Kontum. The Allied forces went after the 24th PAVN Rgt, seeking to destroy it. In the next two weeks, the 173d Abn Bde and 2-12 Cav searched west and south of Dak To while the 3d Bde, 1st Cav Div and the ARVN Abn TF entered the Dak Akoi Valley northeast of Kontum and 35 km east of Dak To. The sweep found little evidence of the enemy's presence and on 25 Jul the cavalry brigade returned to the coast, while the Vietnamese task force stood down at Kontum to serve as a mobile reaction force. Southwest of Dak To on 10 Jul, 4-503 Inf, while searching for a regimental headquarters, found an occupied enemy bunker complex on Hill 830. Battle raged until 12 Jul with 22 US KIA and 62 US WIA but only 9 enemy bodies found. This was the last significant contact on the month. On 19 Jul, 2 NVA soldiers rallied at Dak Pek CIDG Camp, stating that they were 42 Later identified as the 6th Bn, 24th PAVN Rgt. from the newly infiltrated 174th PAVN Rgt. They were proved correct on 6 Aug when the 1/42 ARVN Bn made heavy contact with that unit 8 km west of the Dak Seang CIDG Camp. The ARVN Abn TF was rushed into the area and fought a bitter twoday battle to capture a hill believed to have been the location of the regimental CP, killing 189 of the enemy. On 9 Aug, 4-503 Inf moved to Dak Pek, joining the 1-503 Inf already there since 4 Aug, but the two battalions found little. Contacts were so low in August that the 173d Abn Bde was credited with only 4 enemy killed. During the period 1-18 Sep, the brigade continued GREELEY in the Dak To – Dak Seang area, supporting CIDG Operation DARBY, but contact was minimal. On 17 Sep, the brigade (-) began moving by air to Tuy Hoa to begin Operation BOLLING. Only 4-503 Inf and A/3-319 stayed at Dak To, forming Task Force 77 with the 3rd ARVN Abn Bn, 1/42 ARVN Bn and 27th MIKE Force Co for an expedition in the Toumorong Valley that lasted nearly three weeks but found nothing. On 11 Oct, TF 77 was disbanded and that same day, 2-503 Inf and A/3-319 Art departed for Tuy Hoa, terminating Operation GREELEY. Results: 191 enemy killed, 17 captured, 129 US KIA, 210 US WIA. (no info on ARVN losses).

2-14 Jul.
Operation: BUFFALO
Location: Dong Ha, Con Thien, Route 561, The Marketplace, Demilitarized Zone, Song Be Hai, Quang Tri Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 3d Mar Div. Task organization: BLT 1/3 Marines, BLT 2/3 Marines, 1/9 Marines, 3/9 Marines, 3/12 Marines. Intelligence: 90th PAVN Rgt. Execution: BUFFALO was the successor to Operation CIMARRON, initially utilizing the same forces. On 2 Jul, while operating northeast of Con Thien along Route 561 in an area called the Marketplace, 1/9 Marines was attacked by an estimated two enemy battalions of the 90th PAVN Rgt. Very heavy fighting took place all day, 1/9 receiving more than 700 rounds of mortar and artillery. Co B was virtually destroyed with only 27 survivors. The arrival of 3/9 Marines from Dong Ha in the afternoon forced the enemy to break contact. 1/9 had lost 84 KIA, 190 WIA and 9 MIA. No accurate count of enemy killed could be established. Contact continued during the next three days, 3-5 Jul. On 3 Jul, the 9th Marines was reinforced by both Special Landing Forces, SLF ALPHA in Operation BEAR CLAW and SLF BRAVO in Operation BEAVER TRACK46. 3/9 and the battered 1/9 pushed north to recover missing bodies, meeting heavy resistance, 3/9 losing 15 KIA and 33 WIA. Contacts diminished on 5 Jul and the grim task of recovering Company B's dead could be completed. On 6 Jul, all four battalions including both BLT 1/3 and BLT 2/3 continued moving north following preparatory fires. As they advanced, they encountered increasingly heavy artillery fire and by 1600 they could go no further. 600 rounds hit 3/9 Marines and about 1,000 landed on BLT 1/3. 400 NVAs were spotted crossing the Ben Hai and heading directly at the two battalions. 3/9 engaged the enemy column at less than 150 meters distance and killed 154 by bodycount, losing only 12 WIA. On 7 Jul, a 152mm howitzer round scored a direct hit on the command bunker of 1/9 at Con Thien, killing 11 and wounding 18. The last significant engagement of BUFFALO too place on 8 Jul southwest of Con Thien when BLT 2/3 discovered a bunker complex. Fighting lasted all day, 118 enemy were killed, 14 US KIA and 43 US WIA. After this action, the Marines encountered only mines and harassing fire and BUFFALO closed on 14 Jul. Results: 1,281 enemy killed, 14 detained, 159 US KIA, 885 US WIA, 9 MIA.

3 Jul.67-7 Apr.68
Operation: RILEY
Location: Bearcat, Camp Martin Cox, Bien Hoa Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 1st Bde, 9th Inf Div; TF FORSYTH (from 10 Feb). Task organization: 2-39 Inf, 4-39 Inf, 2-47 Inf (M), 3-5 Cav, 1-11 Art, TF FORSYTH. Execution: Operation RILEY was an internal defense and development operation in Bien Hoa Province and included defense of Camp Martin Cox. When not engaged in strike operations, Headquarters, 1st Bde assumed opcon of all elements engaged in RILEY, including TF FORSYTH (a provisional Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment located at Camp Martin Cox). In the absence of the 1st Bde, TF FORSYTH was allocated sufficient forces to secure the camp and to conduct limited consolidation operations in the area. On 31 Jan 68 in response to the VC Tet Offensive, elements of the 2-47 Inf (M) and 4-39 Inf moved to Long Binh Post for perimeter security. Working in coordination with 2-3 Inf from the 199th Inf Bde (Lt), the two battalions had multiple contacts with the enemy during the day near Ho Nai, killing 213 by bodycount and capturing 32. US losses were 4 KIA and 23 WIA. On 10 Feb 68, the 1st Bde moved to Dong Tam and TF FORSYTH assumed responsibility until termination. Results: 472 enemy killed, 41 detained, 2 returnees, 64 US KIA, 315 US WIA.

4-14 Jul.
Operation: BEAVER TRACK
Location: Cam Lo, Con Thien, LZ CANARY, Quang Tri Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: SLF BRAVO. Task organization: BLT 2/3 Marines. Execution: On 4 Jul, SLF BRAVO was inserted on LZ CANARY north of Cam Lo to reinforce the 9th Marines on Operation BUFFALO. BLT 2/3 moved north toward the DMZ on 5 Jul, making several contacts with elements of the 29th PAVN Rgt. On 8 Jul, a bunker complex was overrun, with 118 enemies killed. The BLT remained in the area after 12 Jul to join in Operation HICKORY II48. Results: (included in Operation BUFFALO).

6-12 Jul.
Operation: LAKE
Location: Dien Truong, Sa Huynh, Route 1, Quang Ngai Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 1st Bde, 101st Abn Div. Task organization: 1-327 Inf, A/2-17 Cav. 1 Plt C/2-34 Arm. Execution: Operation LAKE was conducted concurrently with Operation MALHEUR II to provide security for engineer operations on Route 1 between Sa Huyng and Dien Truong. Results: 6 enemy killed, 1 captured, 6 US KIA, 2 US WIA.

6-16 Jul.
Operation: PADDINGTON
Location: Xuyen Moc, FSB TOM, FSB MIKE, FSB BILL, FSB JOHN, LZ BUCK, LZ DICK, LZ BOB, LZ JACK, LZ BERT, Phuoc Tuy Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 9th Inf Div (Fwd). Task organization: 1st Bde, 9th inv Div: 48 See Operation BUFFALO for more details. 2-39 Inf, 4-39 Inf, 3-5 Cav, 1-11 Art (-); 1ATF: 2RAR, 7RAR, 2-47 Inf (M), 1/11 ACR, A Sqn 3 Cav, 4 Fld Rgt, B/1-11, Art, B/2-35 Art, C/1-84 Art; VNMC TF BRAVO: 2nd and 3rd VNMC Bns; 18th ARVN Div: 2/43 ARVN Bn. . Intelligence: 274th PLAF Rgt. Execution: Operation PADDINGTON was controlled by the 9th Inf Div Forward CP established at Nui Dat. It took place in an area northwest of Xuyen Moc, with the 1st Bde, 9th Inf Div and VNMC TF operating in the northwestern portion of the AO and the 1ATF in the southeastern portion. The only major contact took place on 12 Jul when the 3rd VNMC Bn engaged a battalion from the 274th PLAF Rgt, killing 40. A major accomplishment of PADDINGTON was the successful employment of a tri-nation force in a previously inaccessible area to significantly disrupt installations an activities of the 5th PLAF Div. Results: 92 enemy killed, 1 AUS KIA, 1 AUS WIA, 11 VNMC KIA, 31 VNMC WIA (US losses unknown).

7 Jul-16 Aug.
Operation: 7-67/SAMURAI I
Location: A Shau Valley, Happy Valley, Thuat Thien and Quang Nam Provinces. Type: reconnaissance. Controlling headquarters: 5th SFA. Task organization: Det B-52 Project DELTA, 81st ARVN Abn Rgr Bn. Execution: Operation searched areas from the northern stretches of the A Shau Valley into Happy Valley, west of Da Nang. Results: (no info)

8-26 Jul.
Operation: AKUMU/XAY DUONG
Location: Phu Hoa Dong, Filhol Plantation, Binh Duong Province. Type: cordon and search. Controlling headquarters: 1st Bde, 25th Inf Div; 7th ARVN Rgt. Task organization: 1st Bde, 9th Inf Div: 4-9 Inf, 2-14 Inf, 4-23 Inf (M), 3-4 Cav (-), 7-11 Art; 7th ARVN Rgt (-). Intelligence: 2nd Go Mon PLAF LF Bn, 7th Cu Chi PLAF LF Bn. Execution: Operation AKUMU was a sub operation of BARKING SANDS. The mission was to conduct a cordon and search and pacification operation in Phu Hoa Dong village located 5 km northeast of the Cu Chi Base Camp. The 1st Bde would cordon the village in Operation AKUMU while the 7th ARVN Rgt would conduct search and clearing of the village in Operation XAY DUONG. Contact with the enemy was minimal but 273 bunkers and 74 tunnels were destroyed. Results: 15 enemy killed, 1 returnee (friendly losses unknown).

8 Jul.-26 Aug.
Operation: HONG KIL DONG
Location: Dong Tre, Cung Son, The Hub, Song Ky Lo, Phu Yen, Phu Bon and Khanh Hoa Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: ROK Field Command, Vietnam. Task organization49: CRID (-), WHRID (-). Intelligence: 5th PAVN Div (18B and 95th PAVN Rgts). Execution: The first phase of Operation HONG KIL DONG, named after a legendary Korean folk hero, was targeted at the 95th PAVN Rgt believed to be located in the mountainous area known as 'The Hub”, northwest of Tuy Hoa. Four battalions from the CRID deployed south of Dong Tre to attack southeast and three battalions of the WHRID staged at Cung Son to assault northeast while two battalions from the 47th ARVN Rgt would occupy blocking positions to the east. Moving out after B-52s had blanketed the target, the Koreans met little resistance at first, pressing forward methodically and encountering several company-size base camps and caves, claiming 500 enemy killed by 25 Jul. On 12 Aug, the second phase of HONG KIL DONG began with the two divisions conducting separate offensives. The CRID moved northeast into the Song Ky Lo Valley, searching the headquarters of the 5th PAVN Division. The drive ended on the morning of 25 Aug when the Koreans reached the Phu Yen-Phu Bon provincial border without making any significant contacts. Meanwhile, the WHRID sent three battalions into a base area along the Phu Yen-Khanh Hoa border but they too found no trace of their target, the 18B PAVN Rgt. Results: 638 enemy killed, 88 captured, 26 ROK KIA, 63 ROK WIA.

8 Jul.-30 Oct.
Operation: MARCH I
Location: Plei Trap Valley, Kontum Province. Type: reconnaissance. Controlling headquarters: 5th SFGA. Task organization: B-50 Det Project OMEGA. Execution: Long range reconnaissance and intelligence gathering conducted in the Plei Trap Valley. Results: (no info).

9-11 Jul.
Operation: QUYET THANG/96/G
Location: Quang Ngai Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 2nd ARVN Division. Results: 53 enemy killed, 4 detained, 5 ARVN WIA, 2 ARVN MIA.

10-14 Jul.
Operation: AN DAN 85
Location: Long An Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 25th ARVN Div. Results: 52 enemy killed, 15 ARVN WIA.

10 Jul.-31 Oct.
Operation: FREMONT
Location: Camp Evans, Hill 51, Hill 67, Phong Dien District, Thua Thien Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 4th Marines. Task organization: 2/4 Marines (10 Jul-14 Sep), 3/26 Marines (14 Sep-31 Oct). Execution: The 4th Marines initiated Operation FREMONT with its own 2/4 to provide security for Camp Evans, Hill 51, the Phong Dien District Headquarters and a radio transmission site on Hill 67. On 20 Jul, 2/4 provided blocking forces near My Chanh for SLF BRAVO in Operation BEAR CHAIN. BLT 2/3 became opcon to 4th Marines on 22 Jul and joined FREMONT, until back loading on 21 Aug. Contact was sporadic in Aug with only 13 US KIA for the month. During Sep, 2/4 in conjunction with ARVN forces helped secure nearby villages and hamlets during the National Elections. On 14 Sep, 2/4 joined Operation KINGFISHER and was replaced by 3/26 Marines. Contacts remained low until termination, being limited to harassing tactics, mines incidents and sniper fire. Results: 123 enemy killed, 8 captured, 17 US KIA, 196 US WIA.

New Operations

11-12 Jul.
Operation: LAM SON 82/XDNT
Location: Quang Tri Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 1st ARVN Div. Results: 76 enemy killed, 6 ARVN KIA, 24 ARVN WIA.

11-16 Jul.
Operation: GEM/BINH QUAN 6
Location: Arizona Territory, Song Vu Gia, Song Thu Bon, Quang Nam Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 7th Marines, Quang Da STZ. Task organization: 7th Marines: 3/7 Marines; Quang Da STZ: 37th ARVN Rgr Bn, 1/51 ARVN Bn. Execution: Operation took place in the 'Arizona Territory' northwest of An Hoa. Results: 2 enemy killed, 1 captured, 2 detained, 1 US WIA

Other

11 Jul.
Newport marine terminal (Saigon) officially opens).
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Jason Petho
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Re: Vietnam

Post by Jason Petho »

Ongoing Operations today in 1967

26 Aug.66-20 Jan.68
Operation: BYRD
Location: Phan Thiet, LZ BETTY, Binh Thuan Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: I FFORCEV. Task organization: TF 2-7: 2-7 Cav, C/1-9 Cav, A/1-21 Art, C/2-20 Art (-), C/8th Eng Bn (-), C/229th Avn Bn, Det 228th Avn Bn. Execution: Planned as a short-term, economy-of-force measure, BYRD became a continuous offensive that would last into 1968. Upon I FFORCEV request, the 1st Cav Div detached at battalion-size task force to help pacify isolated Binh Thuan Province in southern II Corps. Results (at year's end): 351 enemy killed, 151 detained, 8 US KIA, 85 US WIA.

1 Oct.66-17 Jan 68
Operation: DAZZLEM
Location: Camp Radcliff, An Khe, Binh Dinh Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 1st Cav Div. Task organization: Base Defense Task Force. Execution: Operation DAZZLEM was the contingency plan for the defense of Camp Radcliff provided by one infantry battalion with supporting artillery and
reinforcing personnel from residence units. On 17 Jan 68, the 173d Abn Bde relieved the 1st Cav Div from the mission of defending An Khe. Results: 80 enemy killed, 9 detained.

11 Oct.66-17 Nov.67
Operation: UNIONTOWN II
Location: Long Binh, Bien Hoa Province Type: security. Controlling headquarters: II FFORCEV. Execution: Operation UNIONTOWN was a security operation designed to protect the Long Binh logistical complex, RMK Rock Quarry and II FFORCEV Headquarters. Units were assigned on a rotation basis from each major command under II FFORCEV.

30 Nov. 66-15 Dec.67
Operation: FAIRFAX/RANG DONG
Location: Nha Be, Thu Duc and Binh Chanh Districts, Gia Dinh Province. Type: pacification. Controlling headquarters: II FFORCEV, CMD. Task organization: 1st Inf Div (30 Nov 66-31 Jan 67): 2-16 Inf; 4th Inf Div (30 Nov 66-31 Jan 67): 3-22 Inf; 25th Inf Div (30 Nov 66-31 Jan 67): 4-9 Inf; CMD (30 Nov 66-31 Jan 67): 3rd and 5th ARVN Abn Bns, 30th Ranger Bn; 199th LIB (31 Jan-15 Dec.): 2-3 Inf, 3-7 Inf, 4-12 Inf, 2-40 Art; 5th ARVN Ranger Group (31 Jan.-15 Dec): 30th, 33rd and 38th ARVN Ranger Bns. Intelligence: Military Region 4, 165A PLAF Regiment. Execution: ... SEE ABOVE... Results (end of 1966): 149 enemy killed, 40 detained, 11 US KIA, 67 US WIA, 23 ARVN KIA, 58 ARVN WIA, 1 ARVN MIA.

1 Feb.-23 Sep.
Operation: LAM SON 142/AB/P3
Location: Quang Tri and Thua Thien Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 1st ARVN Div. Results: 435 enemy killed, 33 detained, 172 ARVN KIA, 420 ARVN WIA, 31 ARVN MIA.

8 Feb.67-31 Jan.68
Operation: LAM SON 67
Location: Phu Loi, An My, Ong Dong Jungle, Binh Duong, Bien Hoa and Gia Dinh Provinces. Type: search and destroy, cordon and search, saturation patrolling, security, jungle clearing. Controlling headquarters: 2d Bde, 1st Inf Div (8 Feb-17 Mar, 17 Apr 67-31 Jan 68); 3d Bde, 1st Inf Div (17 Mar-17 Apr). Task organization: 1st Inf Div Revolutionary Development Task Force (various infantry, cavalry and support units were assigned on a rotation basis during the period). Execution: The operation supported the GVN's Revolutionary Development Program in conjunction with ARVN units in Binh Duong, Bien Hoa and Gia Dinh Provinces. LAM SON 67 consisted of cordon and search, reconnaissance in force, harassment, jungle clearing, population control, civic action and psychological warfare operations directed against priority targets. Contact in the AO was characterized by light sporadic incidents with local VC elements. On 6 Jan 68, the Phu Loi base camp received 123 rounds of mixed mortar fire, 46 aircraft were damaged and 6 US WIA. Reacting to the attack, A/2-18 Inf and B/2-2 Inf (M) swept the area to the north of the base and contacted two enemy companies of the Phu Loi PLAF Bn. 92 enemy were killed, 4 US KIA and 14 US WIA. Operation LAM SON 67 was terminated on 31 Jan 68 with the beginning of the enemy's Tet Offensive. Results: 527 enemy killed, 263 captured, 2,327 detained, 346 defectors, 56 US KIA, 572 US WIA.

12 Feb. 67-18 Jan. 68
Operation: PERSHING
Location: Bong Son, Tuy An, Tam Quan, Hoa Tan, Sa Huynh, Truong Son, An Qui, Trung Xuan, An Lac, An Lao Valley, Kim Son Valley, Suoi Ca Valley, 506 Valley, Nuoc Dinh Valley, Phu My Valley, Song Re Valley, the Crescent, Nui Mieu, Nui Sang, Cay Giep, Dam Tra-O Lake, Route 1, LZ BRONCO BEACH, LZ CRYSTAL, LZ ENGLISH, LZ GARNET, LZ GERONIMO, LZ GLENN, LZ HAMMOND, LZ IRON, LZ MEADE, LZ PAT, LZ SANDRA, LZ STEEL, LZ TOM, LZ TWO BITS, LZ UPLIFT, Binh Dinh and Quang Ngai Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 1st Cav Div. Task organization (As of 12 Feb): 1 s t Bde: 1-8 Cav, 1-12 Cav, 5-7 Cav, 2-19 Art (-), D/2-17 Art, C/1-21 Art, A/3-18 Art; 2d Bde: 2-5 Cav, 1-5 Cav (-), 1-7 Cav (-), 2-12 Cav, 1-77 Art (-), B/1-8 Art, A/1-21 Art, C/1-30 Art, B/8th Eng; 3d Bde: 2-8 Cav, C/1-5 Cav, 1-21 Art (-), 2-17 Art (-), C/6-16 Art, C/2-19 Art, C/8th Eng; 3d Bde, 25 t h Inf Div (12 Feb-19 Apr): 1-14 Inf, 1-35 Inf, 2-35 Inf (4-19 Apr), 2-9 Art, A/1-77 Art, 5-16 Art, C/3-4 Cav, D/65th Eng; Div Arty: 2-20 Art (-), 7-13 Art (-), B/29 Art, E/82 Art, 3-18 Art (-); Div Troops: 1-9 Cav, 8th Eng Bn (-). Intelligence: 3rd PAVN Div: 18th and 22nd PAVN Rgts, 2nd PLAF Rgt. Execution: ... SEE ABOVE ... Results: 5,
388 enemy killed, 2,356 captured, 10,609 detained, 221 returnees, 852 US KIA, 4,119 US WIA, 22 US MIA.

13 Feb. 67-10 Mar. 68
Operation: ENTERPRISE
Location: Tan An, Rach Kien, Ben Luc, Binh Phuoc, Tan Tru, Doi Ma Creek, Plain of Reeds9, Base Area 371, Route 14, Long An Province. Type: search and destroy, cordon and search, saturation patrolling, eagle flights. Controlling headquarters: 3d Bde, 9th Inf Div. Task organization: 3-39 Inf, 2-60 Inf, 5-60 Inf (M), 2-4 Art, C/15th Eng. Intelligence: 2nd PLAF MF Bn, 506th PLAF LF Bn. Execution: ENTERPRISE was the continuation of the pacification effort of Long An Province initiated the previous year by the 25th Inf Div with Operation LANIKAI. On 13 Feb, 3-39 Inf relieved 2-14 Inf at Rach Kien. Strength of division elements in the province were subsequently increased to brigade size with movement of 2-60 Inf into Tan Tru, 5-60 Inf into Binh Phuoc and Headquarters, 3d Bde into Tan An. The first major engagement occurred on 9 Apr when 3-39 Inf made contact with the 506th PLAF Bn on the bank of Doi Ma Creek. Additional companies were brought in, killing 247 of the enemy. On 2 May, the 506th Bn exacted vengeance on the 3-39 Inf, attacking one of its companies in night defensive position near Route 4. 17 US were KIA and 48 WIA but no enemy bodies were found. The operation was temporarily extended north to the Plain of Reeds area on 8-14 May with sub-operation NIRVANA II directed against the enemy's Base Area 371. Elements of the 3d Bde joined forces with the 4/50 ARVN Bn of the 25th ARVN Div but found nothing, killing only 14 of the enemy. On 14 May, the 2nd PLAF Bn struck the compound of the 2/50 ARVN Bn in Rach Kien, killing 31 South Vietnamese soldiers and wounding 34. 3d Bde units were committed but couldn't regain contact with the attacking force. After that, contact with the enemy dropped sharply for the remainder of 1967, indicating an apparent enemy desire to avoid friendly forces. On 31 Jan 68, the brigade responded to the Tet Offensive, 5-60 Inf engaged in heavy fighting southwest of Saigon in Gia Dinh Province, killing 128 enemy soldiers. From 1-5 Feb, 3-39 Inf and 2-60 Inf were sent to Kien Hoa Province to help recapture Ben Tre, the provincial capital. On 10 Feb, the brigade HQ at Tan An came under attack from an unknown size enemy force. 33 enemy were killed, 4 US KIA and 53 US WIA. During March, brigade elements conducted "Aquabush" operations along the numerous canals south of Saigon in conjunction with the 199th Inf Bde (Lt). Pacification activities decreased sharply during the Tet Offensive and the operation was terminated on 10 March. Results: 2,107 enemy killed, 74 US KIA, 380 US WIA.

14 Feb.67-21 Mar.68
Operation: KITTYHAWK
Location: Long Binh, Xuan Loc, Long Giao, Gia Ray, Suoi Cat, Blackhorse, Route 1, Route 2, Long Khanh and Bien Hoa Province. Type: reconnaissance-in-force, cordon and search, security, road clearing. Controlling headquarters: 9th Inf Div (14 Feb 67-15 Feb 68); 11th ACR (15 Feb-21 Mar 68). Task organization: 3-5 Cav, 1/11 ACR, 2/11 ACR, 3/11 ACR. Intelligence: 275th PLAF Rgt. Execution: The purpose of KITTYHAWK was to secure LOCs and selected installations within Long Khanh Province, conduct reconnaissance-in-force operations and cordon and search of selected hamlets within the AO, secure Blackhorse base camp and the Gia Ray rock quarry and provide ready reaction forces along Route 1. On 21 May, K Troop, 3/11 ACR was ambushed by an estimated reinforced enemy battalion near Suoi Cat on Route 1. 30 enemy are killed, 12 US KIA and 13 US WIA. On 27 Jun 1/11 ACR moved to reinforce the 52nd ARVN Rgr Bn which was in heavy contact with elements of the 3rd Bn, 275th PLAF Rgt, killing 49 of the enemy11. On 30 Dec two enemy companies ambushed Troop C, 3-5 Cav on Route 2. Friendly losses are 10 KIA, 29 WIA and 3 MIA. On 31 Jan 68, in reaction to the VC Tet Offensive, the 3-5 Cav was alerted to respond to enemy activity in the Long Binh-Bien Hoa area. A/3-5 Cav bypassed several roadblocks, breaking through enemy forces and reached the Bien Hoa airfield, sweeping nearby wood lines and killing 40. During the period 2-3 Feb, C/3-5 Cav was sent to defend Xuan Loc against an intense ground attack, killing nearly 50 enemy soldiers. On 15 Feb the KITTYHAWK mission was assumed by the 11th ACR as the 3-5 Cav (-) was directed by HQ USARV to deploy to Da Nang, I CTZ. On 21 Mar, the operation was phased into Operation ALCORN COVE. Results: 201 enemy killed, 7 captured, 1 returnee, 62 US KIA, 224 US WIA.

5 Apr.-11 Oct.
Operation: FRANCIS MARION
Location: Plei Me, Duc Co, Plei Djereng, Plei Mrong, Plei Do Lim, Buon Blech, Se San, Ia Drang, Ia Tchar, Dak Ayun, Dak Payou, Chu Pong, Chu Prong, Chu Goungot, Chu Groh, Route 14, Route 14B, Route 19E, Route 509, Hill 521, LZ OASIS, LZ JACKSON HOLE, Pleiku and Darlac Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 4th Inf Div. Task organization: (effective 7 April): 1 s t Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 1-8 Inf, 3-8 Inf, 3-12 Inf, 6-29 Art, B/4-42 Art, C/3-4 Cav (-), A/4th Eng (-); 2d Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 2-8 Inf (-), 1-12 Inf, 1-22 Inf, Plt B/1-69 Arm, 4-42 Art (-), B/4th Eng (-); TF 1-69 Arm: 1-69 Arm (-), Plt C/2-8 Inf (-), Cav Plt 1-10 Cav, B/3-6 Art, A/5-16 Art; TF 1-10 Cav: 1-10 Cav (-), 3-6 Art (-); Div Arty: 6-14 Art, 5-16 Art (-), 1-92 Art; Div Troops: D/4-60 Art (-), 4th Avn Bn, 4th Eng Bn. Task organization: (effective 26 April): 1 s t Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 1-8 Inf, 3-12 Inf, 6-29 Art (-), C/4-42 Art, A/4th Eng (-); 2d Bde, 4 t h In f Div: 2-8 Inf, 1-12 Inf, 1-22 Inf, 4-42 Art (-), A/6-29 Art, B/4th Eng (-); TF 1-69 Arm: 1-69 Arm (-), 3-6 Art (-); TF 1-10 Cav: 1-10 Cav (-), A/3-6 Art; TF 3-8 Inf: 3-8 Inf, C/6-29 Art, A/5-16 Art; Div Arty: 6-14 Art, 5-16 Art (-), 1-92 Art; Div Troops: D/4-60 Art (-), 4th Avn Bn, 4th Eng Bn. Task organization: (effective 30 May): 1 s t Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 1-8 Inf, 3-8 Inf, 3-12 Inf, 6-29 Art, A/4th Eng (-); 2d Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 2-8 Inf (M), 1-12 Inf, 1-22 Inf, 4-42 Art, B/4th Eng (-); 173d Abn Bde: 1-503 Inf, 2-503 Inf, 4-503 Inf, 3-319 Art, D/16 Arm, E/17 Cav, 173d Eng Co; TF 1-69 Arm: 1-69 Arm (-), 3-6 Art (-); Div Arty: 5-16 Art (-); Div Troops: D/4-60 Art (-), 4th Avn Bn, 4th Eng Bn. Task organization: (effective 24 Sep): 1 s t Bde, 4 t h Inf Div : 1-8 Inf, 2-8 Inf (M), 3-8 Inf, 6-29 Art (-), A/4-42 Art,, A/4th Eng (-); 2d Bde, 4 t h Inf Div: 1-12 Inf, 3-12 Inf, 1-22 Inf, 4-42 Art (-), B/6-29 Art, B/4th Eng (-); TF 1-69 Arm: 1-69 Arm (-), 3-6 Art (-); Div Arty: 6-14 Art, 5-16 Art (-), 1-92 Art; Div Troops: 2-1 Cav, D/4-60 Art (-), 4th Avn Bn, 4th Eng Bn. Intelligence: B3 Front, 1st NVA Div (32nd, 66th and 88th Rgts), 10th NVA Div (95B and 101C Rgts), 200th NVA Art Bn, 407th PLAF MF Sapper Bn, H-15 PLAF LF Bn.. Execution: ... SEE ABOVE.... Results: 1,204 enemy killed, 122 detained, 11 returnees, 198 US KIA, 982 US WIA, 8 US MIA.

21 Apr.-12 Jul.
Operation: BAC THIEN 817
Location: Tam Quan, Bong Son, LZ ENGLISH, Binh Dinh
Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: VNMC Task Force ALPHA. Task organization: 4th and 5th VNMC Bns, B/VNMC Art Bn. Execution: On 18-19 Apr, Task Force ALPHA flew to LZ ENGLISH to relieve TF BRAVO and began search and destroy and pacification operations in a TAOR including Tam Quan on the north, Bong Son to the south, the portion of Route 1 connecting the two towns, with the South China Sea serving as the eastern boundary, coordinating with the 1st Cav Div's Operation PERSHING. After termination of BAC THIEN, TF ALPHA remained in the area until 26 Jul when it was relieved by TF BRAVO (2nd VNMC Bn and C/VNMV Art Bn) and returned to Thu Duc to prepare for CORONADO II. Results: (no info).

22 Apr.67-2 Jan 68.
Operation: BAKER
Location: Duc Pho, Mo Duc, Vinh Hien, Tan Phong, Dien Truong, An Ba, An Tach, Song Tra Cau, Song Ve, LZ MONTEZUMA (later renamed LZ BRONCO), LZ GUADALCANAL, LZ OLIVE DRAB, LZ LIZ, LZ DRAGON, RAZORBACK Beach, Quang Ngai Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 3d Bde TF, 25th Inf Div (redesignated 3d Bde, 4th Inf Div on 1 Aug). Task organization: 1-14 Inf, 1-35 Inf, 2-35 Inf, 2-9 Art, C/3-4 Cav, B/1-9 Cav, C/2-34 Arm. Intelligence: 1st PLAF Rgt, 2nd PLAF Rgt, 22nd PAVN Rgt. Execution: ...SEE ABOVE... Results: (no info).

11 May-21 Jul.
Operation: -
Location: Rung Sat Special Zone, Gia Dinh Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: VNMC Brigade. Task organization: 6th VNMC Bn, A/VNMC Art Bn, RAG 22. Results: (no info).

13 May-16 Jul.
Operation: CROCKETT
Location: Khe Sanh, Hill 861, Hill 881S, Hill 950, Quang Tri Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 26th Marines (Forward). Task organization: 1/26 Marines, 3/26 Marines (from 13 Jun), A/3d Recon. Intelligence: 325C PAVN Div. Execution: After the end of the First Battle of Khe Sanh ('Khe Sanh Hill Fights'), 1/26 Marines replaced the two battalions from the 3d Marines there. The mission was to occupy key terrain, deny enemy access into the vital areas, conduct aggressive patrolling withing the AO and provide security for the base and adjacent outposts on nearby Hill 881S, 861 and 950. Numerous sightings of the enemy were made during May but there was only occasional contact. On 6 Jun, the radio relay site on Hill 950 received a ground probe, 10 enemy were killed, 6 US KIA and 2 US WIA. The next day, a patrol from B/1/26 made heavy contact with an estimated enemy company. 66 enemy were killed, 18 US KIA and 28 US WIA. Due to the increasing number of enemy contacts, 3/26 Marines arrived at Khe Sanh on 13 Jun. Both battalions had many contacts with isolated enemy forces during the last weeks of the month. On 27 Jun, I/3/26 ran into two NVA companies, killing 35 but during July enemy activity decreased in the Khe Sanh AO and the operation was terminated on 16 Jul. Results: 206 enemy killed, 5 detained, 52 US KIA, 255 WIA.

14 May.-7 Dec.
Operation: KOLE KOLE
Location: Duc Hoa, Bao Trai, Hiep Hoa, Loc Giang, Trang Bang, Song Vam Co Dong, Rach Tra, Xinh An Ha, Route 10, Hau Nghia and Tay Ninh Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 2d Bde, 25th Inf Div. Task organization: 1-5 Inf (M), 1-27 Inf, 2-27 Inf, 1-8 Art. Intelligence: 2nd Go Mon and 269th PLAF LF Bns. Execution: Operation KOLE KOLE was initiated by the 2d Bde in Hau Nghia Province using EAGLE FLIGHTS and airmobile operations based on current intelligence. Cordon and search, outposting and country fair operations were also conducted in conjunction with the 25th ARVN Div, CIDG and RF/PF. On 17 May, elements of 1/27 Inf and 2/27 Inf fought an eight-hour engagement west of the Vam Co Dong with a VC company. Results were 27 enemy killed, 2 US KIA and 9 US WIA. There was intermittent contact during June and July, particularly along the An Ha canal and near Loc Giang. The brigade also secured engineer operations along Route 10 to improve the GVN's authority and control west of Trang Bang. In early August, the reconnaissance platoon of 1/27 Inf with helicopter support intercepted VC recon elements from Long An Province, killing 26. During September, KOLE KOLE shifted to northern Hau Nghai and southwestern Tay Ninh Province. 1-5 Inf (M) conducted extensive dismounted ambush patrols around Loc Giang along the Vam Co while 2-27 Inf engaged scattered elements of the 269th PLAF Bn. On 21 Oct, an EAGLE FLIGHT from 1-27 Inf engaged an estimated enemy platoon south of Tay Ninh, killing 18. On 31 Oct, 2-27 Inf made contact with elements of the 2nd Go Mon Bn north of the Rach Tra, killing 28 and capturing 2. Enemy activity decreased for the rest of KOLE KOLE and the brigade concentrated on pacification and land clearing operations. Results: 797 enemy killed, 150 detained, 34 returnees, 144 US KIA, 876 US WIA

18 May-7 Dec.
Operation: BARKING SANDS
Location: Cu Chi, Trang Bang, Phu Hoa, Iron Triangle, Ho Bo Woods, Song Saigon, Hau Nghia and Binh Duong Provinces. Type: pacification. Controlling headquarters: 1st Bde, 25th Inf Div. Task organization: 4-9 Inf, 2-14 Inf, 4-23 Inf (M), 7-11 Art. Execution: The 1st Bde employed counter guerrilla warfaretechniques including saturation patrolling, checkmate, bushmaster and cordon and search operations to pacify Cu Chi and Trang Bang Districts in Hau Nghia Province and Phu Hoa District in Binh Duong Province. Buddy operations were also conducted with local PF platoons and RF companies. On 30 Aug, 4-9 Inf conducted an airmobile assault against an entrenched VC battalion in the Iron Triangle resulting in 4 enemy killed, 11 US KIA and 43 US WIA. During September, primary emphasis was placed on denying VC access to populated areas during the National Elections. Land clearing operations were also initiated along the Song Saigon to eliminate VC concealment. In October, 9,645 acres of the Ho Bo Woods were cleared by Rome Plows following Operation KUNIA. Contact during BARKING SANDS was limited to squad and platoon size elements and no major engagement occurred. Four sub-operations were conducted in the BARKING SANDS AO during the period: KAWELA, AKUMU,WAIMEA and KUNIA (see individual operations below). Results (inclusive of the four sub-operations): 370 enemy killed, 85 detained, 10 returnees, 110 US KIA, 1114 US WIA.

18 May-7 Dec.
Operation: DIAMOND HEAD
Location: Tay Ninh West, Dau Tieng, Suoi Da, Prek Klok, Ben Cui, Michelin Plantation, Boi Loi Woods, The Crescent, The Trapezoid, Tay Ninh and Binh Duong Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 3d Bde, 4th Inf Div33. Task organization: 2-12 Inf, 2-22 Inf (M), 3-22 Inf, 2-77 Art, 2-34 Arm (-) (from 22 Sep), C/1-10 Cav, C/4th Eng. Execution: The mission was to conduct search and destroy operations in Tay Ninh Province, cordon and search operations in the Michelin Plantation, and security and reinforcement missions in the Tay Ninh and Prek Klok areas. With one battalion detached to Operation UNIONTOWN and another providing security for the Dau Tieng and Tay Ninh West base camps, contact in the AO were very limited during the months of May, June and July. On 1 Aug, the 3d Bde, 4th Inf Div was redesignated the 3d Bde, 25th Inf Div. No movement of troops or units were involved in this redesignation. On 15 Aug, an airmobile cordon and search of Thanh An was conducted by 3-22 Inf in conjunction with VN National Police. 6 enemy were killed and 42 detained. In September, the brigade provided security during the National elections. In October, continued battalion size search and destroy operations were conducted in the Michelin Plantation to prevent its use as an enemy haven, in and south of Ben Cui, and in the northern portion of the Trapezoid, which extends 15 km to the southeast of Dau Tieng. Bushmaster operations were conducted in an area known as the Crescent, 8 km northwest of Dau Tieng. All operations were marked by extremely light contact. In November, operations were conducted in the upper Boi Loi Woods and in the Ben Cui Plantation, again with light contact. During this period operations were curtailed due to two battalions being opcon to the other brigades. On 25-25 Now, 2-22 Inf (M) made contact with a VC company near the Mushroom bend on the Saigon River, killing 20. This was the last contact during DIAMOND HEAD before the operation came to an end on 7 Dec. Results: 237 enemy killed, 496 detained, 4 returnees. (US losses unknown).

1 Jun.-26 Jul.
Operation: CORONADO I
Location: Dong Tam, Can Giuoc, Can Duoc, Go Cong, Cua Soi Rap, Song Vam Co, Song Rach Cac, FSB TANGO, FSB X-RAY (Fort Courage), Binh Xuan Secret Zone, Rung Sat Special Zone, Dinh Tuong, Long An and Go Cong Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 2d Bde, 9th Inf Div (MRF). Task organization: 3-47 Inf, 4-47 Inf, 3-34 Art, D/15th Eng, USN TF 117. Intelligence: 514th PLAF LF Bn, 5th Nha Be PLAF LF Bn. Execution: On 1 Jun, the Mobile Riverine Force was officially activated, with the arrival at Dong Tam of its full navalcomplement. Subsequently, the brigade headquarters, 3-47 Inf, 4-47 Inf and supporting units were placed aboard ship, leaving only 3-60 Inf (TF FUNSTON) ashore to provide base security. During the period 13-17 Jun the fully constituted MRF conducted its first operation in the Rung Sat Special Zone37. Full scale operations however started on 19 Jun when CORONADO I finally went underway. Anchoring at the mouths of the Vam Co, Soi Rap and Rach Cac Rivers, the MRF struck at the 5th Nha Be Bn near the town of Can Giuoc in Long An Province38. On 19 Jun, both battalions converged via helicopter and riverine transports to the target area, meeting heavy resistance. Fighting lasted all day until the remnants of the 5th Nha Be escaped across the Rach Nui under the cover of darkness. 256 enemy had been killed, 21 US KIA and 53 US WIA. Following this engagement, the MRF remained in the area, conducting company-size operations in the RSSZ, Can Duoc District and northern Go Cong Province, coordinating with the 199th Inf Bde (Lt) and 3/46 ARVN Bn. On 4 Jul, the MRF attacked the Binh Xuan Secret Zone, located northwest of Go Cong, co-operating with a provisional Popular Forces battalion. During the next three days, contacts with elements of the 514th PLAF Bn resulted in over 100 enemy killed without a single US casualty. A hundred South Vietnamese deserters and draft dodgers were also apprehended. The MRF returned to Can Giuoc District after the Go Cong operations, conducting riverine assaults along the Rach Cac during the period 20-22 Jul. On 24 Jul, the MRF with the 3rd VNMC Bn and 3/46 ARVN Bn moved to northern Can Giuoc District in an effort to reduce the enemy threat the the district capital. No contact was made and CORONADO I terminated with the MRF returning to Dong Tam. Results: 478 enemy killed, 526 detained, 40 US KIA, 173 US WIA.

1 Jun.67-7 Feb.68
Operation: HOPTAC
Location: Dong Tam, Dinh Tuong Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 9th Inf Div. Task organization: Task Force FUNSTON39. Execution: Operation HOPTAC was an internal defense and development operation in Dinh Tuong Province which included security of the Dong Tam base. Task Force FUNSTON provided land and waterborne security for engineer dredging equipment and maintained a ready reaction force to assist local GVN units and installations if needed. In most cases contact with the VC was characterized by light fire fights and sniper fire. On 1 Feb 68 the enemy fired more than 170 82 mm mortar and 75 mm RR rounds into the base resulting in minor damage and 11 US WIA. In the early morning hours of 3, 4, 5 and 7 Feb, the enemy continued to attack the base with mortar and RR fire. The heaviest attack came on 7 Feb with an estimated 200 rounds fired at the base. Elements of 5-60 Inf and 2-39 Inf conducted reaction airmobile assaults and RIF operations 8 km east of Dong tam, making contact with two VC companies, killing 23 while losing 5 KIA and 11 WIA. Results: 296 enemy killed, 11 captured, 3 returnees, 37 US KIA, 364 US WIA.

8 Jun.-2 Aug.
Operation: MALHEUR II
Location: Base Area 122, Base Area 123, Base Area 124, Song Tra Cau, Song Ve, Song Ne, BASTOGNE AO, ZON AO, NORMANDY AO, LZ CARENTAN, Quang Ngai Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 1st Bde, 101st Abn Div. Task organization: 1-327 Inf, 2-327 Inf, 2-502 Inf, 2-320 Art, C/2-11 Art, A/2-17 Cav, A/326th Eng. Intelligence: 1st and 2nd PLAF Rgts. Execution: On 8 Jun the brigade reoriented its effort into the BASTOGNE AO to the north with 1-327 Inf and 2-327 Inf air assaulting into Base Area 123 and 2-502 Inf air assaulting into 122 the following day. Contacts on the first day resulted in 19 enemy killed, 6 US KIA and 25 US WIA. Contact was sporadic during the first week and on 14 Jun the brigade commenced the evacuation of the civilian population of the Song Tra Cau and southern portion of the Song Ve Valleys to the Nghia Hanh refugee center. On 16 Jun, 1-327 Inf conducted an airmobile assault in the northern portion of the Song Ve Valley, making contact with an estimated enemy battalion. Results were 17 enemy killed, 5 US KIA and 51 US WIA. Evacuation operations were terminated on 23 Jun with 5,757 refugees, 30 tons of rice and 1,196 heads of cattle relocated. Search and destroy operations continued in the ZON AO to the west with 2-502 Inf and 2-327 Inf searching the Song Ne Valley for the 1st PLAF Rgt but without result. On 3 Jul, 1-327 returned to CARENTAN to prepare for operation LAKE. The remaining two battalions continued their search and evacuated the population of the Song Ne. On 10-11 Jul, after receiving intelligence indicating that the 2nd PLAF Rgt had returned south to Base Area 124, 2-327 Inf and 2-502 Inf were reinserted into the old NORMANDY AO but found little. Agent reports, information gained from captured VC and other intelligence indicated that the 1st and 2nd PLAF Rgts were at less than 50% strength and that both were attempting to meet in Base Area 123 in order to form one combat effective regiment. The brigade scheduled a B-52 strike followed by an airmobile assault in the area, but once again little was found and the operation was terminated on 2 Aug. Results (includes MALHEUR I and MALHEUR II): 869 enemy killed, 80 captured, 81 US KIA, 594 US WIA, 1 US MIA.

8 Jun.-15 Sep.
Operation: CUMBERLAND
Location: Nam Hoa, Gia Le, Route 547, Route 548, A Shau Valley, Thua Thien Province. Type: security, road construction, artillery raid. Controlling headquarters: 4th Marines. Task organization: 1/4 Marines, 2-94 Art. Execution: This infantry and engineer operation provided for the upgrading and construction of a land-line of communication from Hue along Routes 547 and 548 toward the A Shau Valley and the establishment of an artillery FSB in the vicinity of YD 605085. On 7 Jul, 1/4 displaced to Dong Ha leaving only A/1/4 to provide security for the working parties. CUMBERLAND resumed on 17 Jul. In Aug, Army 175mm guns from 2-94 Art were introduced into the area to fire H&I missions into the A Shau. Contact with the enemy was very light during the entire operation and CUMBERLAND was terminated at the start of the monsoon season. Results: 5 US KIA, 88 US WIA, no info on enemy losses.

11 Jun.-14 Jul.
Operation: DAN CHI/289/A
Location: Phong Dinh Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 21st ARVN Div. Results: 210 enemy killed, 217 detained, 5 ARVN KIA, 60 ARVN WIA

15 Jun.-14 Jul.
Operation: BLACKJACK 26
Location: Kontum and Binh Dinh Provinces. Type: mobile guerrilla. Controlling headquarters: 5th SFGA. Task Organization: 23rd Co, A-219 MIKE Force. Execution: operation took place in northeastern Kontum and western Binh Dinh Provinces. Only 4 contacts were made with no confirmed enemy casualties. Results: 2 MIKE KIA, 3 USSF WIA, 3 MIKE WIA.

18 Jun.-12 Oct.
Operation: GREELEY
Location: Kontum, Dak To, Tan Canh, Dak Seang, Dak Pek, Toumorong, Dak Poko, Dak Akoi, Hill 830, Hill 1338, FSB 4, Kontum Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 4th Inf Div. Task organization: 173d Abn Bde: 1-503 Inf, 2-503 Inf, 4-503 Inf, 3-319 Art, E/17 Cav, D/16 Arm, 173d Eng Co; 3d Bde, 1st Cav Div (24 Jun-25 Jul): 1-7 Cav, 5-7 Cav, 2-12 Cav, 1-21 Art; 1st ARVN Abn TF (24 Jun-25 Jul): 3d, 5th and 8th ARVN Abn Bns; 24th STZ: 1/42 Inf. Intelligence: 24th and 174th PAVN Rgts, K101D PAVN Bn, 304th PLAF MF Bn, 200th PLAF Art Bn, H-15 PLAF LF Bn . Execution: From 1-18 Jun, the 173d Abn Bde continued participation in Operation FRANCIS MARION, searching further south and east in the Ia Drang Valley. The brigade deployed the 1-503 Inf and 2-503 Inf into the AO, holding 4-503 Inf in reserve at Catecka. No significant contact was made. On 17 Jun, TF MC QUARRIE (2-503 Inf, E/17 Cav, A/3-319 Art) moved by air and motor convoy to the New Dak To Airfield, joined the following day by 1-503 Inf. The mission, named GREELEY, was to assume opcon of the CIDG Camp at Dak To under threat from the 24th PAVN Rgt and assist in its defense. On 18 Jun, 2-503 Inf began searching south of Dak To toward the huge mass of Hill 1338 (Ngok Bor Beang). C/1-503 Inf was also inserted into the area to search for a missing SF and CIDG team which had been destroyed by the NVA on 15-16 Jun, 1400 meters southwest of their camp. On 22 Jun, after a fruitless search of Hill 1338, 2-503 Inf was instructed to return to Dak To on foot. Shortly after leaving its NDP, A/2-503 bumped into an enemy battalion from the 24th PAVN Rgt42 while descending the slopes of Hill 1338. Two platoons were cut off and annihilated while the rest of the company formed a small perimeter and called supporting fires. Cos B and C were rushed to the rescue but arrived too late. 76 Americans had been killed, some executed point blank by the enemy, and 23 wounded. 106 enemy bodies were counted in the battle area. This action became known as 'The Battle of the Slopes' and as one of the costliest engagement for US forces in Vietnam. Concerned by the size of the battle and the US losses, General Larsen at I FFORCEV decided to reinforce GREELEY. On 23 Jun, 2-12 Cav arrived from the PERSHING AO while the rest of the 173d Abn Bde (CP (-) and 4-503 Inf) closed Dak To from Catecka. The next day, 24 Jun, the 3d Bde, 1st Cav Div (-) and 1st ARVN Abn TF arrived at Kontum. The Allied forces went after the 24th PAVN Rgt, seeking to destroy it. In the next two weeks, the 173d Abn Bde and 2-12 Cav searched west and south of Dak To while the 3d Bde, 1st Cav Div and the ARVN Abn TF entered the Dak Akoi Valley northeast of Kontum and 35 km east of Dak To. The sweep found little evidence of the enemy's presence and on 25 Jul the cavalry brigade returned to the coast, while the Vietnamese task force stood down at Kontum to serve as a mobile reaction force. Southwest of Dak To on 10 Jul, 4-503 Inf, while searching for a regimental headquarters, found an occupied enemy bunker complex on Hill 830. Battle raged until 12 Jul with 22 US KIA and 62 US WIA but only 9 enemy bodies found. This was the last significant contact on the month. On 19 Jul, 2 NVA soldiers rallied at Dak Pek CIDG Camp, stating that they were 42 Later identified as the 6th Bn, 24th PAVN Rgt. from the newly infiltrated 174th PAVN Rgt. They were proved correct on 6 Aug when the 1/42 ARVN Bn made heavy contact with that unit 8 km west of the Dak Seang CIDG Camp. The ARVN Abn TF was rushed into the area and fought a bitter twoday battle to capture a hill believed to have been the location of the regimental CP, killing 189 of the enemy. On 9 Aug, 4-503 Inf moved to Dak Pek, joining the 1-503 Inf already there since 4 Aug, but the two battalions found little. Contacts were so low in August that the 173d Abn Bde was credited with only 4 enemy killed. During the period 1-18 Sep, the brigade continued GREELEY in the Dak To – Dak Seang area, supporting CIDG Operation DARBY, but contact was minimal. On 17 Sep, the brigade (-) began moving by air to Tuy Hoa to begin Operation BOLLING. Only 4-503 Inf and A/3-319 stayed at Dak To, forming Task Force 77 with the 3rd ARVN Abn Bn, 1/42 ARVN Bn and 27th MIKE Force Co for an expedition in the Toumorong Valley that lasted nearly three weeks but found nothing. On 11 Oct, TF 77 was disbanded and that same day, 2-503 Inf and A/3-319 Art departed for Tuy Hoa, terminating Operation GREELEY. Results: 191 enemy killed, 17 captured, 129 US KIA, 210 US WIA. (no info on ARVN losses).

2-14 Jul.
Operation: BUFFALO
Location: Dong Ha, Con Thien, Route 561, The Marketplace, Demilitarized Zone, Song Be Hai, Quang Tri Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 3d Mar Div. Task organization: BLT 1/3 Marines, BLT 2/3 Marines, 1/9 Marines, 3/9 Marines, 3/12 Marines. Intelligence: 90th PAVN Rgt. Execution: BUFFALO was the successor to Operation CIMARRON, initially utilizing the same forces. On 2 Jul, while operating northeast of Con Thien along Route 561 in an area called the Marketplace, 1/9 Marines was attacked by an estimated two enemy battalions of the 90th PAVN Rgt. Very heavy fighting took place all day, 1/9 receiving more than 700 rounds of mortar and artillery. Co B was virtually destroyed with only 27 survivors. The arrival of 3/9 Marines from Dong Ha in the afternoon forced the enemy to break contact. 1/9 had lost 84 KIA, 190 WIA and 9 MIA. No accurate count of enemy killed could be established. Contact continued during the next three days, 3-5 Jul. On 3 Jul, the 9th Marines was reinforced by both Special Landing Forces, SLF ALPHA in Operation BEAR CLAW and SLF BRAVO in Operation BEAVER TRACK46. 3/9 and the battered 1/9 pushed north to recover missing bodies, meeting heavy resistance, 3/9 losing 15 KIA and 33 WIA. Contacts diminished on 5 Jul and the grim task of recovering Company B's dead could be completed. On 6 Jul, all four battalions including both BLT 1/3 and BLT 2/3 continued moving north following preparatory fires. As they advanced, they encountered increasingly heavy artillery fire and by 1600 they could go no further. 600 rounds hit 3/9 Marines and about 1,000 landed on BLT 1/3. 400 NVAs were spotted crossing the Ben Hai and heading directly at the two battalions. 3/9 engaged the enemy column at less than 150 meters distance and killed 154 by bodycount, losing only 12 WIA. On 7 Jul, a 152mm howitzer round scored a direct hit on the command bunker of 1/9 at Con Thien, killing 11 and wounding 18. The last significant engagement of BUFFALO too place on 8 Jul southwest of Con Thien when BLT 2/3 discovered a bunker complex. Fighting lasted all day, 118 enemy were killed, 14 US KIA and 43 US WIA. After this action, the Marines encountered only mines and harassing fire and BUFFALO closed on 14 Jul. Results: 1,281 enemy killed, 14 detained, 159 US KIA, 885 US WIA, 9 MIA.

3 Jul.67-7 Apr.68
Operation: RILEY
Location: Bearcat, Camp Martin Cox, Bien Hoa Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 1st Bde, 9th Inf Div; TF FORSYTH (from 10 Feb). Task organization: 2-39 Inf, 4-39 Inf, 2-47 Inf (M), 3-5 Cav, 1-11 Art, TF FORSYTH. Execution: Operation RILEY was an internal defense and development operation in Bien Hoa Province and included defense of Camp Martin Cox. When not engaged in strike operations, Headquarters, 1st Bde assumed opcon of all elements engaged in RILEY, including TF FORSYTH (a provisional Headquarters and Headquarters Detachment located at Camp Martin Cox). In the absence of the 1st Bde, TF FORSYTH was allocated sufficient forces to secure the camp and to conduct limited consolidation operations in the area. On 31 Jan 68 in response to the VC Tet Offensive, elements of the 2-47 Inf (M) and 4-39 Inf moved to Long Binh Post for perimeter security. Working in coordination with 2-3 Inf from the 199th Inf Bde (Lt), the two battalions had multiple contacts with the enemy during the day near Ho Nai, killing 213 by bodycount and capturing 32. US losses were 4 KIA and 23 WIA. On 10 Feb 68, the 1st Bde moved to Dong Tam and TF FORSYTH assumed responsibility until termination. Results: 472 enemy killed, 41 detained, 2 returnees, 64 US KIA, 315 US WIA.

4-14 Jul.
Operation: BEAVER TRACK
Location: Cam Lo, Con Thien, LZ CANARY, Quang Tri Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: SLF BRAVO. Task organization: BLT 2/3 Marines. Execution: On 4 Jul, SLF BRAVO was inserted on LZ CANARY north of Cam Lo to reinforce the 9th Marines on Operation BUFFALO. BLT 2/3 moved north toward the DMZ on 5 Jul, making several contacts with elements of the 29th PAVN Rgt. On 8 Jul, a bunker complex was overrun, with 118 enemies killed. The BLT remained in the area after 12 Jul to join in Operation HICKORY II48. Results: (included in Operation BUFFALO).

6-12 Jul.
Operation: LAKE
Location: Dien Truong, Sa Huynh, Route 1, Quang Ngai Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 1st Bde, 101st Abn Div. Task organization: 1-327 Inf, A/2-17 Cav. 1 Plt C/2-34 Arm. Execution: Operation LAKE was conducted concurrently with Operation MALHEUR II to provide security for engineer operations on Route 1 between Sa Huyng and Dien Truong. Results: 6 enemy killed, 1 captured, 6 US KIA, 2 US WIA.

6-16 Jul.
Operation: PADDINGTON
Location: Xuyen Moc, FSB TOM, FSB MIKE, FSB BILL, FSB JOHN, LZ BUCK, LZ DICK, LZ BOB, LZ JACK, LZ BERT, Phuoc Tuy Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 9th Inf Div (Fwd). Task organization: 1st Bde, 9th inv Div: 48 See Operation BUFFALO for more details. 2-39 Inf, 4-39 Inf, 3-5 Cav, 1-11 Art (-); 1ATF: 2RAR, 7RAR, 2-47 Inf (M), 1/11 ACR, A Sqn 3 Cav, 4 Fld Rgt, B/1-11, Art, B/2-35 Art, C/1-84 Art; VNMC TF BRAVO: 2nd and 3rd VNMC Bns; 18th ARVN Div: 2/43 ARVN Bn. . Intelligence: 274th PLAF Rgt. Execution: Operation PADDINGTON was controlled by the 9th Inf Div Forward CP established at Nui Dat. It took place in an area northwest of Xuyen Moc, with the 1st Bde, 9th Inf Div and VNMC TF operating in the northwestern portion of the AO and the 1ATF in the southeastern portion. The only major contact took place on 12 Jul when the 3rd VNMC Bn engaged a battalion from the 274th PLAF Rgt, killing 40. A major accomplishment of PADDINGTON was the successful employment of a tri-nation force in a previously inaccessible area to significantly disrupt installations an activities of the 5th PLAF Div. Results: 92 enemy killed, 1 AUS KIA, 1 AUS WIA, 11 VNMC KIA, 31 VNMC WIA (US losses unknown).

7 Jul-16 Aug.
Operation: 7-67/SAMURAI I
Location: A Shau Valley, Happy Valley, Thuat Thien and Quang Nam Provinces. Type: reconnaissance. Controlling headquarters: 5th SFA. Task organization: Det B-52 Project DELTA, 81st ARVN Abn Rgr Bn. Execution: Operation searched areas from the northern stretches of the A Shau Valley into Happy Valley, west of Da Nang. Results: (no info)

8-26 Jul.
Operation: AKUMU/XAY DUONG
Location: Phu Hoa Dong, Filhol Plantation, Binh Duong Province. Type: cordon and search. Controlling headquarters: 1st Bde, 25th Inf Div; 7th ARVN Rgt. Task organization: 1st Bde, 9th Inf Div: 4-9 Inf, 2-14 Inf, 4-23 Inf (M), 3-4 Cav (-), 7-11 Art; 7th ARVN Rgt (-). Intelligence: 2nd Go Mon PLAF LF Bn, 7th Cu Chi PLAF LF Bn. Execution: Operation AKUMU was a sub operation of BARKING SANDS. The mission was to conduct a cordon and search and pacification operation in Phu Hoa Dong village located 5 km northeast of the Cu Chi Base Camp. The 1st Bde would cordon the village in Operation AKUMU while the 7th ARVN Rgt would conduct search and clearing of the village in Operation XAY DUONG. Contact with the enemy was minimal but 273 bunkers and 74 tunnels were destroyed. Results: 15 enemy killed, 1 returnee (friendly losses unknown).

8 Jul.-26 Aug.
Operation: HONG KIL DONG
Location: Dong Tre, Cung Son, The Hub, Song Ky Lo, Phu Yen, Phu Bon and Khanh Hoa Provinces. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: ROK Field Command, Vietnam. Task organization49: CRID (-), WHRID (-). Intelligence: 5th PAVN Div (18B and 95th PAVN Rgts). Execution: The first phase of Operation HONG KIL DONG, named after a legendary Korean folk hero, was targeted at the 95th PAVN Rgt believed to be located in the mountainous area known as 'The Hub”, northwest of Tuy Hoa. Four battalions from the CRID deployed south of Dong Tre to attack southeast and three battalions of the WHRID staged at Cung Son to assault northeast while two battalions from the 47th ARVN Rgt would occupy blocking positions to the east. Moving out after B-52s had blanketed the target, the Koreans met little resistance at first, pressing forward methodically and encountering several company-size base camps and caves, claiming 500 enemy killed by 25 Jul. On 12 Aug, the second phase of HONG KIL DONG began with the two divisions conducting separate offensives. The CRID moved northeast into the Song Ky Lo Valley, searching the headquarters of the 5th PAVN Division. The drive ended on the morning of 25 Aug when the Koreans reached the Phu Yen-Phu Bon provincial border without making any significant contacts. Meanwhile, the WHRID sent three battalions into a base area along the Phu Yen-Khanh Hoa border but they too found no trace of their target, the 18B PAVN Rgt. Results: 638 enemy killed, 88 captured, 26 ROK KIA, 63 ROK WIA.

8 Jul.-30 Oct.
Operation: MARCH I
Location: Plei Trap Valley, Kontum Province. Type: reconnaissance. Controlling headquarters: 5th SFGA. Task organization: B-50 Det Project OMEGA. Execution: Long range reconnaissance and intelligence gathering conducted in the Plei Trap Valley. Results: (no info).

10-14 Jul.
Operation: AN DAN 85
Location: Long An Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 25th ARVN Div. Results: 52 enemy killed, 15 ARVN WIA.

10 Jul.-31 Oct.
Operation: FREMONT
Location: Camp Evans, Hill 51, Hill 67, Phong Dien District, Thua Thien Province. Type: security. Controlling headquarters: 4th Marines. Task organization: 2/4 Marines (10 Jul-14 Sep), 3/26 Marines (14 Sep-31 Oct). Execution: The 4th Marines initiated Operation FREMONT with its own 2/4 to provide security for Camp Evans, Hill 51, the Phong Dien District Headquarters and a radio transmission site on Hill 67. On 20 Jul, 2/4 provided blocking forces near My Chanh for SLF BRAVO in Operation BEAR CHAIN. BLT 2/3 became opcon to 4th Marines on 22 Jul and joined FREMONT, until back loading on 21 Aug. Contact was sporadic in Aug with only 13 US KIA for the month. During Sep, 2/4 in conjunction with ARVN forces helped secure nearby villages and hamlets during the National Elections. On 14 Sep, 2/4 joined Operation KINGFISHER and was replaced by 3/26 Marines. Contacts remained low until termination, being limited to harassing tactics, mines incidents and sniper fire. Results: 123 enemy killed, 8 captured, 17 US KIA, 196 US WIA.

11-12 Jul.
Operation: LAM SON 82/XDNT
Location: Quang Tri Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 1st ARVN Div. Results: 76 enemy killed, 6 ARVN KIA, 24 ARVN WIA.

11-16 Jul.
Operation: GEM/BINH QUAN 6
Location: Arizona Territory, Song Vu Gia, Song Thu Bon, Quang Nam Province. Type: search and destroy. Controlling headquarters: 7th Marines, Quang Da STZ. Task organization: 7th Marines: 3/7 Marines; Quang Da STZ: 37th ARVN Rgr Bn, 1/51 ARVN Bn. Execution: Operation took place in the 'Arizona Territory' northwest of An Hoa. Results: 2 enemy killed, 1 captured, 2 detained, 1 US WIA

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