Matrix Games Forums

Forums  Register  Login  Photo Gallery  Member List  Search  Calendars  FAQ 

My Profile  Inbox  Address Book  My Subscription  My Forums  Log Out

The question to ask about The Italians

 
View related threads: (in this forum | in all forums)

Logged in as: Guest
Users viewing this topic: none
  Printable Version
All Forums >> [General] >> General Discussion >> The question to ask about The Italians Page: [1] 2 3 4 5   next >   >>
Login
Message << Older Topic   Newer Topic >>
The question to ask about The Italians - 8/2/2020 10:05:08 AM   
Zap


Posts: 3680
Joined: 12/6/2004
From: LAS VEGAS TAKE A CHANCE
Status: offline
Having the similar quality equipment as the Germans and tanks equal to Panzer IVs would the War outcome been significantly different?

My, answer is Yes! the war may have actually been won by the axis side. In the least, it would have carried on for some years more.
Post #: 1
RE: The question to ask about The Italians - 8/2/2020 10:36:33 AM   
warspite1


Posts: 42543
Joined: 2/2/2008
From: England
Status: offline
Well there are a number of things to consider. Firstly the Panzer IV’s would not have been much use in the mountains of Greece or the Alps – so little to no effect there.

So the deployment in the Western Desert is where the equipment would be felt. But what are you proposing? Simply swapping the Italian tankettes for PzKw IV? If so then the numbers would still be small, at least initially, and there would still be the issue of how they were used. Remember the French had, in many respects, better tanks than the Germans but their use was sub-optimal. How would the Italian army use this new found upgrade in quality is a key question?

Did Graziani stop just inside Egypt just because of the lack of quality of his tanks or were there far more fundamental issues that he was concerned about? That was a rhetorical question btw .

The upgrade in tanks would not mean an improvement in the supply – especially of oil – I suspect the German tanks, being larger, probably were thirstier too (although I don’t know). There would also remain the issue with Italian army doctrine and the poor quality of her officer corps generally.

But there was nothing wrong with the Italian soldier if properly equipped and trained and if you are talking about later in the war and the Ariete, Centauro and Littorio Divisions being properly equipped and trained with the German tanks and then being deployed in line with the 15th and 21st Panzer Divisions, then yes, they can only have had a positive effect on operations.

But this is something of a pipe dream scenario. Remember even in 1941 for the attack on the Soviet Union, the German army had 3,332 tanks. Of these, just 439 were PzKw IV’s and 965 PzKw III’s – there were therefore none to spare for the Italians when the Germans couldn’t even equip their own forces (incredibly the PzKw I and II were still in service for Barbarossa). I believe the Afrika Korps had mostly PzKw IIIs.

So yes, I think better equipment would have helped, but like most things in life the answer isn’t particularly straightforward.


_____________________________

England expects that every man will do his duty. Horatio Nelson October 1805



(in reply to Zap)
Post #: 2
RE: The question to ask about The Italians - 8/2/2020 10:57:31 AM   
Zap


Posts: 3680
Joined: 12/6/2004
From: LAS VEGAS TAKE A CHANCE
Status: offline
I suppose having the same mindset as Germany (being ready for War) was not in the books for the Italians. So, I wanted to propose that the Italians should have payed Germany to produce their tanks for them. It would have meant less tanks. Because Italy didn't have the financial means to have great number of tanks.. But, Mussolini must have seen that quality Germany was producing was far superior to the Italian production.

Also the Infantry, "if" they were equipped with as well as the German units (better weapons) their overall performance would have been better. Which could have meant the Germans not having to buoy-up the Italian forces in Africa. Freeing, up German troops for other fronts.

(in reply to warspite1)
Post #: 3
RE: The question to ask about The Italians - 8/2/2020 11:09:12 AM   
warspite1


Posts: 42543
Joined: 2/2/2008
From: England
Status: offline
quote:

ORIGINAL: Zap

I suppose having the same mindset as Germany (being ready for War) was not in the books for the Italians. So, I wanted to propose that the Italians should have payed Germany to produce their tanks for them. It would have meant less tanks. Because Italy didn't have the financial means to have great number of tanks.. But, Mussolini must have seen that quality Germany was producing was far superior to the Italian production.

Also the Infantry, "if" they were equipped with as well as the German units (better weapons) their overall performance would have been better. Which could have meant the Germans not having to buoy-up the Italian forces in Africa. Freeing, up German troops for other fronts.
warspite1

Yes I understand your point and I've agreed that better equipment would have had an effect (although it wasn't just about equipment). But they couldn't receive what the Germans didn't have. It wasn't just tanks but whole manner of arms, artillery and vehicles.

Remember the Germany army had expanded at a massive rate. The only way they could achieve what they did was to use captured equipment from the Czechs, the French etc. No matter how much Italy offered to pay (and they were hardly flush with cash having spent so much on the Spanish Civil War) they couldn't buy what was not for sale - and most front line military equipment was not for sale because Germany simply could not produce enough to equip its own army.


< Message edited by warspite1 -- 8/2/2020 11:22:25 AM >


_____________________________

England expects that every man will do his duty. Horatio Nelson October 1805



(in reply to Zap)
Post #: 4
RE: The question to ask about The Italians - 8/2/2020 11:31:14 AM   
RangerJoe


Posts: 7709
Joined: 11/16/2015
Status: offline
The best thing for Italy to have done for Germany would have not attacked any country but to have stayed out of it. "Volunteers" could have joined a force like the Spanish Blue divisions to help against the Soviets.

_____________________________

Seek peace but keep your gun handy.

I'm not a complete idiot, some parts are missing!

“Illegitemus non carborundum est (“Don’t let the bastards grind you down”).”
― Julia Child


(in reply to warspite1)
Post #: 5
RE: The question to ask about The Italians - 8/2/2020 11:44:02 AM   
demyansk


Posts: 2676
Joined: 2/20/2008
Status: offline
Agree, stay neutral.

(in reply to RangerJoe)
Post #: 6
RE: The question to ask about The Italians - 8/2/2020 12:06:03 PM   
warspite1


Posts: 42543
Joined: 2/2/2008
From: England
Status: offline

quote:

ORIGINAL: demyansk

Agree, stay neutral.
warspite1

Well that is a completely different question


_____________________________

England expects that every man will do his duty. Horatio Nelson October 1805



(in reply to demyansk)
Post #: 7
RE: The question to ask about The Italians - 8/2/2020 12:15:47 PM   
RangerJoe


Posts: 7709
Joined: 11/16/2015
Status: offline
Not neutral, just not an actively participating in the war. Think if Italy could have been the connection between Germany and Japan once Japan attacked the Allies. Rubber from Malaya going to Germany, weapons and technology returning. Torpedo armed Kates flying from France to attack convoys in the Atlantic - equipped with German homing torpedoes! Emilys flying patrol over the North Atlantic! Actual German engines being supplied to Japan instead of the Japanese trying to copy them plus trying to improve on them. Italian ports supplying German raiders, receiving captured Allies ships with their cargo . . .

The Allies never knowing if Italy would declare war . . .

_____________________________

Seek peace but keep your gun handy.

I'm not a complete idiot, some parts are missing!

“Illegitemus non carborundum est (“Don’t let the bastards grind you down”).”
― Julia Child


(in reply to warspite1)
Post #: 8
RE: The question to ask about The Italians - 8/2/2020 12:32:51 PM   
warspite1


Posts: 42543
Joined: 2/2/2008
From: England
Status: offline
quote:

ORIGINAL: RangerJoe

Not neutral, just not an actively participating in the war. Think if Italy could have been the connection between Germany and Japan once Japan attacked the Allies. Rubber from Malaya going to Germany, weapons and technology returning. Torpedo armed Kates flying from France to attack convoys in the Atlantic - equipped with German homing torpedoes! Emilys flying patrol over the North Atlantic! Actual German engines being supplied to Japan instead of the Japanese trying to copy them plus trying to improve on them. Italian ports supplying German raiders, receiving captured Allies ships with their cargo . . .

The Allies never knowing if Italy would declare war . . .
warspite1

As said this is a different question to the OP but I'm always happy to debate WWII.

Problem with what you are suggesting. Do you believe that because they were neutral the British would not continue to blockade Italy to ensure such equipment and strategic raw materials aren't delivered? And as soon as the slightest whiff that Italy was being used as some kind of staging post is gained (and any ship would have to move through Suez or Gib) then all bets are off anyway. Neutral countries couldn't do what they liked without compromising their neutral status






< Message edited by warspite1 -- 8/2/2020 12:42:08 PM >


_____________________________

England expects that every man will do his duty. Horatio Nelson October 1805



(in reply to RangerJoe)
Post #: 9
RE: The question to ask about The Italians - 8/2/2020 2:16:58 PM   
RangerJoe


Posts: 7709
Joined: 11/16/2015
Status: offline

quote:

ORIGINAL: warspite1

quote:

ORIGINAL: RangerJoe

Not neutral, just not an actively participating in the war. Think if Italy could have been the connection between Germany and Japan once Japan attacked the Allies. Rubber from Malaya going to Germany, weapons and technology returning. Torpedo armed Kates flying from France to attack convoys in the Atlantic - equipped with German homing torpedoes! Emilys flying patrol over the North Atlantic! Actual German engines being supplied to Japan instead of the Japanese trying to copy them plus trying to improve on them. Italian ports supplying German raiders, receiving captured Allies ships with their cargo . . .

The Allies never knowing if Italy would declare war . . .
warspite1

As said this is a different question to the OP but I'm always happy to debate WWII.

Problem with what you are suggesting. Do you believe that because they were neutral the British would not continue to blockade Italy to ensure such equipment and strategic raw materials aren't delivered? And as soon as the slightest whiff that Italy was being used as some kind of staging post is gained (and any ship would have to move through Suez or Gib) then all bets are off anyway. Neutral countries couldn't do what they liked without compromising their neutral status


Really? How about the United States? The USS Yorktown escorting convoys? The Reuban James?

Ships could with questionable cargoes could have loaded/unloaded in Spain, then transferring it to the other side bypassing the Rock.

Some of that cargo could have been used by Italy so how can the British tell?

Would Britain want to antagonize Italy into going to war and being perceived as an aggressor nation by the US? If Britain did antagonize Italy into going to war, then what would have stopped Italy from having an immediate air/sea invasion of the Rock as well as Malta?

BTW, Spain was doing some but not all of that.

_____________________________

Seek peace but keep your gun handy.

I'm not a complete idiot, some parts are missing!

“Illegitemus non carborundum est (“Don’t let the bastards grind you down”).”
― Julia Child


(in reply to warspite1)
Post #: 10
RE: The question to ask about The Italians - 8/2/2020 3:28:43 PM   
rico21

 

Posts: 2807
Joined: 3/11/2016
Status: offline
I agree! the axis could have won the war if he had won it, but as he lost it, he could not win it.

(in reply to Zap)
Post #: 11
RE: The question to ask about The Italians - 8/2/2020 3:31:52 PM   
UP844


Posts: 1536
Joined: 3/3/2016
From: Genoa, Republic of Genoa (occupied by Italy)
Status: offline
Undoubtedly, as Warspite pointed out above, being equipped with Pz III/IV would have provided a welcome increase in the fighting capabilities of Italian armor, but the Germans were not interested in selling the tanks they needed for themselves.

Only in 1943 a dozen Pz IIIN was provided and assigned to the "M" (for "Mussolini", renamed "Centauro II" after his demise) armored division. Some sources also mention a dozen StuG III, but unlike the Pz IIIN I have never been able to find any photographic evidence.

They were more liberal with aircraft: as soon as late 1940, they sold some Ju-87 to Italy and, from 1943 onwards, several hundred Me-109 F/G.

According to an Italian website, Italy obtained the license to manufacture Pz IIIs in 1941 and Pz IVs in 1942, but the industries that should have built them (essentially, Ansaldo and FIAT) were simply not interested, preferring to continue the production of the M13/40 and of its derivates and promising miracles with their P26/40 (which despite its designation (P=Pesante - Heavy tank, 26 ton, year 1940) was built in 1943-44 for the Germans)

Anyway, even though the Italian industry had been cooperative, and assuming it could have been able to switch to completely new tank models in a short time, I doubt it could have built a sufficient number of Pz III/IVs to re-equip even one of the Ariete, Littorio and Centauro armored divisions. From 1940 to 1943 it only managed to built approximately 1,500 M13/40, plus 300 SP variants.




_____________________________

Chasing Germans in the moonlight is no mean sport

Siegfried Sassoon

Long Range Fire (A7.22)........1/2 FP

(in reply to RangerJoe)
Post #: 12
RE: The question to ask about The Italians - 8/2/2020 3:49:57 PM   
warspite1


Posts: 42543
Joined: 2/2/2008
From: England
Status: offline

quote:

ORIGINAL: RangerJoe


quote:

ORIGINAL: warspite1

quote:

ORIGINAL: RangerJoe

Not neutral, just not an actively participating in the war. Think if Italy could have been the connection between Germany and Japan once Japan attacked the Allies. Rubber from Malaya going to Germany, weapons and technology returning. Torpedo armed Kates flying from France to attack convoys in the Atlantic - equipped with German homing torpedoes! Emilys flying patrol over the North Atlantic! Actual German engines being supplied to Japan instead of the Japanese trying to copy them plus trying to improve on them. Italian ports supplying German raiders, receiving captured Allies ships with their cargo . . .

The Allies never knowing if Italy would declare war . . .
warspite1

As said this is a different question to the OP but I'm always happy to debate WWII.

Problem with what you are suggesting. Do you believe that because they were neutral the British would not continue to blockade Italy to ensure such equipment and strategic raw materials aren't delivered? And as soon as the slightest whiff that Italy was being used as some kind of staging post is gained (and any ship would have to move through Suez or Gib) then all bets are off anyway. Neutral countries couldn't do what they liked without compromising their neutral status


Really? How about the United States? The USS Yorktown escorting convoys? The Reuban James?

Ships could with questionable cargoes could have loaded/unloaded in Spain, then transferring it to the other side bypassing the Rock.

Some of that cargo could have been used by Italy so how can the British tell?

Would Britain want to antagonize Italy into going to war and being perceived as an aggressor nation by the US? If Britain did antagonize Italy into going to war, then what would have stopped Italy from having an immediate air/sea invasion of the Rock as well as Malta?

BTW, Spain was doing some but not all of that.
warspite1

Really? Yes really - unless we are talking about different things I don't understand where you are coming from.

Are you comparing the USA with Italy? The USA were assisting the British as much as Roosevelt could - whereas Italy was a member of the Pact of Steel that bordered Germany. I don't know what Yorktown or Reuben James has to do with the point of whether the British would allow unrestricted imports to Italy by sea.

Re Spain, yes there was some export of goods to Germany (through France) but do you know of the diplomatic pressure that was put on Spain not to ally with Germany by both the British and US?

How would the British know? You were talking of flocks of Kates and Emilys.... Yes, I think they'd know, not to mention intelligence and Ultra. And YES Italy (and Spain) acting like would not be the actions of a neutral country. Ships coming from Japan would not be allowed to simply enter Spain or go through Suez or Gib unchecked.

You think Italy had the capability to seize Malta - and Gibraltar?


_____________________________

England expects that every man will do his duty. Horatio Nelson October 1805



(in reply to RangerJoe)
Post #: 13
RE: The question to ask about The Italians - 8/2/2020 4:07:11 PM   
Shellshock

 

Posts: 468
Joined: 12/31/2010
From: U.S.
Status: offline

quote:

ORIGINAL: Zap

Having the similar quality equipment as the Germans and tanks equal to Panzer IVs would the War outcome been significantly different?

My, answer is Yes! the war may have actually been won by the axis side. In the least, it would have carried on for some years more.



I'm not sure. During some of the Arab-Israeli wars, the Soviet bloc supplied the Arab nations with frontline equipment comparable to what the Israelis had. Given the glaring deficiencies in the make-up of some of the Arab armies, even good equipment and greater numbers wasn't enough to prevent some one-sided defeats. Although it probably prevented things from being even worse.

The Italian Army in WW2 suffered from a lot of issues not related to equipment. The absence of a dedicated officer corps, and the distaste with which many Italians regarded the Nazi cause. The total administrative ignorance and lack of technical knowledge and just plain curiosity among senior officers. Lack of command authority. Timidity.

On the other hand, the Imperial Japanese Army demonstrated what a poorly equipped army by modern standards could do with individual soldiers dedicated to the point of fanaticism. Even with unimaginative leadership at the top.

(in reply to Zap)
Post #: 14
RE: The question to ask about The Italians - 8/2/2020 4:08:27 PM   
RangerJoe


Posts: 7709
Joined: 11/16/2015
Status: offline
quote:

ORIGINAL: warspite1


quote:

ORIGINAL: RangerJoe


quote:

ORIGINAL: warspite1

quote:

ORIGINAL: RangerJoe

Not neutral, just not an actively participating in the war. Think if Italy could have been the connection between Germany and Japan once Japan attacked the Allies. Rubber from Malaya going to Germany, weapons and technology returning. Torpedo armed Kates flying from France to attack convoys in the Atlantic - equipped with German homing torpedoes! Emilys flying patrol over the North Atlantic! Actual German engines being supplied to Japan instead of the Japanese trying to copy them plus trying to improve on them. Italian ports supplying German raiders, receiving captured Allies ships with their cargo . . .

The Allies never knowing if Italy would declare war . . .
warspite1

As said this is a different question to the OP but I'm always happy to debate WWII.

Problem with what you are suggesting. Do you believe that because they were neutral the British would not continue to blockade Italy to ensure such equipment and strategic raw materials aren't delivered? And as soon as the slightest whiff that Italy was being used as some kind of staging post is gained (and any ship would have to move through Suez or Gib) then all bets are off anyway. Neutral countries couldn't do what they liked without compromising their neutral status


Really? How about the United States? The USS Yorktown escorting convoys? The Reuban James?

Ships could with questionable cargoes could have loaded/unloaded in Spain, then transferring it to the other side bypassing the Rock.

Some of that cargo could have been used by Italy so how can the British tell?

Would Britain want to antagonize Italy into going to war and being perceived as an aggressor nation by the US? If Britain did antagonize Italy into going to war, then what would have stopped Italy from having an immediate air/sea invasion of the Rock as well as Malta?

BTW, Spain was doing some but not all of that.
warspite1

Really? Yes really - unless we are talking about different things I don't understand where you are coming from.

Are you comparing the USA with Italy? The USA were assisting the British as much as Roosevelt could - whereas Italy was a member of the Pact of Steel that bordered Germany. I don't know what Yorktown or Reuben James has to do with the point of whether the British would allow unrestricted imports to Italy by sea.
The USS Yorktown and its escorts violated the US Neutrality act by escorting British convoys. That was against US Law.
The Reuban James was harassing a U-Boat - which then launched torpedoes and the Reuban James sank. Said harassment was an act of war. It was US policy under Roosevelt to do so.
There were many other instances of the US violation of the Neutrality Act which could have constituted acts of war. That would not have sat well with the US public.


Re Spain, yes there was some export of goods to Germany (through France) but do you know of the diplomatic pressure that was put on Spain not to ally with Germany by both the British and US?
True, Spain did not ally with Germany. But the Spanish Blue divisions did serve on the Eastern front, U-Boats were rearmed and refueled in Spain.

How would the British know? You were talking of flocks of Kates and Emilys.... Yes, I think they'd know, not to mention intelligence and Ultra. And YES Italy (and Spain) acting like would not be the actions of a neutral country. Ships coming from Japan would not be allowed to simply enter Spain or go through Suez or Gib unchecked.
Those were aircraft of types that the Germans either did not have or have enough of. Plans, tools, dies, and a few examples were all that would have been needed. Before Germany attacked the Soviet Union, Japan might but probably would not have sent them that way. Of course, the items for the Kates could have been sent before the war.

You think Italy had the capability to seize Malta - and Gibraltar?
Yes, by surprise. It has been discussed elsewhere but think of it happening within minutes of the declaration of war. A ship or three disembarking highly trained soldiers right onto the docks . . .


Yes, Italy could have pulled what the Germans did for Norway, ships loaded with troops. A passenger steamer with apparent civilians to be seen while soldiers in uniform get ready to disembark. Seize the dock area while a passenger plane or three is landing with soldiers on board to grab an airport while more aircraft are getting ready to land. If done at night, there already could be "tourists" landed going to prepositioned weapons, ammunition, uniforms, and other supplies needed to then take predetermined objectives.


< Message edited by RangerJoe -- 8/2/2020 4:26:51 PM >


_____________________________

Seek peace but keep your gun handy.

I'm not a complete idiot, some parts are missing!

“Illegitemus non carborundum est (“Don’t let the bastards grind you down”).”
― Julia Child


(in reply to warspite1)
Post #: 15
RE: The question to ask about The Italians - 8/2/2020 4:25:44 PM   
warspite1


Posts: 42543
Joined: 2/2/2008
From: England
Status: offline
quote:

ORIGINAL: RangerJoe

The USS Yorktown and its escorts violated the US Neutrality act by escorting British convoys. That was against US Law.

The Reuban James was harassing a U-Boat - which then launched torpedoes and the Reuban James sank. Said harassment was an act of war. It was US policy under Roosevelt to do so.

There were many other instances of the US violation of the Neutrality ACt which could have constituted acts of war. That would not have sat well with the US public.

warspite1

Yes, but what has all this got to do with Italy?

quote:

ORIGINAL: RangerJoe

But the Spanish Blue divisions did serve on the Eastern front

warspite1

The Spanish Blue Division served on the Eastern Front and as per the point made earlier, some Italians could have fought for Germany. Okay no argument there. This would be on a volunteer basis and be relatively small in number i.e. no state intervention from a neutral power.

quote:

ORIGINAL: RangerJoe
U-Boats were rearmed and refueled in Spain

warspite1

Yes, for a time the Spanish did grant some assistance to German subs. But that is not what you were suggesting with Italy - which is a completely different thing.

quote:

ORIGINAL: RangerJoe

Those were aircraft of types that the Germans either did not have or have enough of. Plans, tools, dies, and a few examples were all that would have been needed. Before Germany attacked the Soviet Union, Japan might but probably would not have sent them that way. Of course, the items for the Kates could have been sent before the war.

warspite1

All that would have been needed? Well you are forgetting a really rather important element here.... raw materials and industrial capacity. Look at production numbers for aircraft before the Germans got their act together. You think that would be different just because they had blueprints from Japan? Even if everything was miraculously available - plant, machinery and raw materials, there is the little problem that Goring would likely not have agreed to building more aircraft that would make the navy look good. If Germany could have built more aircraft in 1940-42 there is nothing to suggest they would have spent that resource on Japanese naval aircraft.

quote:

ORIGINAL: RangerJoe

Yes, Italy could have pulled what the Germans did for Norway, ships loaded with troops. A passenger steamer with apparent civilians to be seen while soldiers in uniform get ready to disembark. Seize the dock area while a passenger plane or three is landing with soldiers on board to grab an airport while more aircraft are getting ready to land. If done at done at night, there already could be "tourists" landed going to prepositioned weapons, ammunition, uniforms, and other supplies needed to then take predetermined objectives.

warspite1

I have nothing to add to this comment than was previously mentioned about Malta. But how you can even suggest Gibraltar could be taken by sea is totally beyond me.

< Message edited by warspite1 -- 8/2/2020 4:50:43 PM >


_____________________________

England expects that every man will do his duty. Horatio Nelson October 1805



(in reply to RangerJoe)
Post #: 16
RE: The question to ask about The Italians - 8/2/2020 6:27:18 PM   
Zap


Posts: 3680
Joined: 12/6/2004
From: LAS VEGAS TAKE A CHANCE
Status: offline
From all the comments, it seems the best thing for Germany/Italy to do would have been wait one year before making the move. Thereby, they would have built a more/better attack force?

(in reply to warspite1)
Post #: 17
RE: The question to ask about The Italians - 8/2/2020 7:37:45 PM   
warspite1


Posts: 42543
Joined: 2/2/2008
From: England
Status: offline
quote:

ORIGINAL: Zap

From all the comments, it seems the best thing for Germany/Italy to do would have been wait one year before making the move. Thereby, they would have built a more/better attack force?
warspite1

What do you mean? Are you asking if Germany should have waited a year to declare war or are you referring to Italy joining Germany in June 1941?

If the former then no, because Germany's lead (through rearmament and conscription) would only start to reduce as the greater purchasing power of Britain and France took effect. Germany had a window of opportunity that would start to close. If the latter then I don't really see what difference it would have made. The Italian economy and her military were in no state to fight any war, let alone a protracted one. She was in no state to build her military to the required level as she could not afford it - and for the reasons stated above - Germany couldn't help her.


< Message edited by warspite1 -- 8/2/2020 7:48:04 PM >


_____________________________

England expects that every man will do his duty. Horatio Nelson October 1805



(in reply to Zap)
Post #: 18
RE: The question to ask about The Italians - 8/2/2020 10:50:10 PM   
Platoonist


Posts: 873
Joined: 5/11/2003
From: Kila Hana
Status: offline
What the Italians needed to be effective would have required a complete makeover of their army. Not just window-dressing with German tanks. If they wanted a modern army, they would have to sacrifice their large infantry-based army for a leaner, motorized, mechanized, armor, marine, paratrooper, based elite army. They couldn't do this because to Mussolini "eight million bayonets" sounded more impressive on paper and the plan put forth by General Balbo would have limited the size of the army to appr. 12 divisions. Well, who would take them seriously with that?

I'm sure 12 divisions doing well, striking from the beaches and air, supported by the navy and airforce, and incredibly mobile and able to transfer from front to front in no time would have gotten more respect in that war than the 'million' bayonets which lost most major engagements they fought in (with the exception of those in Russia who did very well at the beginning of the campaign).

The fact that the Italians were able to put out a handful of decent formations, that they were able to build a well trained and disciplined air force, and that the navy had the potential to be a real player in that war if it wasn't for the oil restrictions and a cowardly set of admirals, should show that a strong Italy wasn't unimaginable. That the troops if properly motivated, if given the tools and trained right, if given a competent set of generals who could co-ordinate with each other, could have made a decent go of it.

BUT, to say that in 1940 Italy could have done well with its current doctrines in place is simply not being in touch with reality. The kind of changes that were needed would have taken a decade, the kind of changes needed to WIN that war in the med. Fine, change a general here, give your troops some better equipment there, tweak a few logistical problems they might not have done as poorly, but in my opinion they would have still lost in the long run.

_____________________________


(in reply to warspite1)
Post #: 19
RE: The question to ask about The Italians - 8/3/2020 6:06:31 PM   
warspite1


Posts: 42543
Joined: 2/2/2008
From: England
Status: offline

quote:

ORIGINAL: warspite1

quote:

ORIGINAL: Zap

From all the comments, it seems the best thing for Germany/Italy to do would have been wait one year before making the move. Thereby, they would have built a more/better attack force?
warspite1

What do you mean? Are you asking if Germany should have waited a year to declare war or are you referring to Italy joining Germany in June 1941?

If the former then no, because Germany's lead (through rearmament and conscription) would only start to reduce as the greater purchasing power of Britain and France took effect. Germany had a window of opportunity that would start to close. If the latter then I don't really see what difference it would have made. The Italian economy and her military were in no state to fight any war, let alone a protracted one. She was in no state to build her military to the required level as she could not afford it - and for the reasons stated above - Germany couldn't help her.

warspite1

Hi zap which of the two was it you meant?

_____________________________

England expects that every man will do his duty. Horatio Nelson October 1805



(in reply to warspite1)
Post #: 20
RE: The question to ask about The Italians - 8/4/2020 12:45:40 AM   
Zap


Posts: 3680
Joined: 12/6/2004
From: LAS VEGAS TAKE A CHANCE
Status: offline

quote:

ORIGINAL: warspite1


quote:

ORIGINAL: warspite1

quote:

ORIGINAL: Zap

From all the comments, it seems the best thing for Germany/Italy to do would have been wait one year before making the move. Thereby, they would have built a more/better attack force?
warspite1

What do you mean? Are you asking if Germany should have waited a year to declare war or are you referring to Italy joining Germany in June 1941?

If the former then no, because Germany's lead (through rearmament and conscription) would only start to reduce as the greater purchasing power of Britain and France took effect. Germany had a window of opportunity that would start to close. If the latter then I don't really see what difference it would have made. The Italian economy and her military were in no state to fight any war, let alone a protracted one. She was in no state to build her military to the required level as she could not afford it - and for the reasons stated above - Germany couldn't help her.

warspite1

Hi zap which of the two was it you meant?



I was referring to Both the Germans and Italians. If the Germans could have held back an not given signals it was ready for war. In other words disguise their intentions. England, Russia, France, would have no fear thus no ramp-up for war policy from those three.

(in reply to warspite1)
Post #: 21
RE: The question to ask about The Italians - 8/4/2020 5:41:14 AM   
warspite1


Posts: 42543
Joined: 2/2/2008
From: England
Status: offline
quote:

ORIGINAL: Zap


quote:

ORIGINAL: warspite1


quote:

ORIGINAL: warspite1

quote:

ORIGINAL: Zap

From all the comments, it seems the best thing for Germany/Italy to do would have been wait one year before making the move. Thereby, they would have built a more/better attack force?
warspite1

What do you mean? Are you asking if Germany should have waited a year to declare war or are you referring to Italy joining Germany in June 1941?

If the former then no, because Germany's lead (through rearmament and conscription) would only start to reduce as the greater purchasing power of Britain and France took effect. Germany had a window of opportunity that would start to close. If the latter then I don't really see what difference it would have made. The Italian economy and her military were in no state to fight any war, let alone a protracted one. She was in no state to build her military to the required level as she could not afford it - and for the reasons stated above - Germany couldn't help her.

warspite1

Hi zap which of the two was it you meant?



I was referring to Both the Germans and Italians. If the Germans could have held back an not given signals it was ready for war. In other words disguise their intentions. England, Russia, France, would have no fear thus no ramp-up for war policy from those three.
warspite1

I understand your point about the British and French not ramping up as much. After all neither wanted war and, as leaders of democracies, they had to balance the books and unlimited spending on the military wasn't ever an option. BUT....

....and there is a big but (and for the purposes of the debate we'll ignore that waiting was simply not possible for Hitler). The Germans couldn't simply sit around for a year spending more and more on their armed forces. The economy could not be ignored even by Hitler. He had to pay for the resources that the military spending was using up, and he could not afford to turn off production of consumer goods without risking severe internal unrest. All this continued activity isn't going to go unnoticed in London, Paris, Moscow and Warsaw and they are not going to stop their own re-armament plans - remember, Munich has happened, Hitler goals are clear - even if Allied re-armament is not as ramped up as it would have been.

And as said, Germany can't do all this and spend money, time and most importantly resource on Italy.

I think Hitler waiting (even if it was in that man's DNA) would not have served Germany much (if any) better than going to war in 1939. At the very least, the RN would be stronger, the French air force would be stronger and both the French and British armies would also be in a better position (although quite how much is difficult to say).


< Message edited by warspite1 -- 8/4/2020 5:42:42 AM >


_____________________________

England expects that every man will do his duty. Horatio Nelson October 1805



(in reply to Zap)
Post #: 22
RE: The question to ask about The Italians - 8/4/2020 12:59:28 PM   
RangerJoe


Posts: 7709
Joined: 11/16/2015
Status: offline

quote:

ORIGINAL: warspite1

quote:

ORIGINAL: Zap


quote:

ORIGINAL: warspite1


quote:

ORIGINAL: warspite1

quote:

ORIGINAL: Zap

From all the comments, it seems the best thing for Germany/Italy to do would have been wait one year before making the move. Thereby, they would have built a more/better attack force?
warspite1

What do you mean? Are you asking if Germany should have waited a year to declare war or are you referring to Italy joining Germany in June 1941?

If the former then no, because Germany's lead (through rearmament and conscription) would only start to reduce as the greater purchasing power of Britain and France took effect. Germany had a window of opportunity that would start to close. If the latter then I don't really see what difference it would have made. The Italian economy and her military were in no state to fight any war, let alone a protracted one. She was in no state to build her military to the required level as she could not afford it - and for the reasons stated above - Germany couldn't help her.

warspite1

Hi zap which of the two was it you meant?



I was referring to Both the Germans and Italians. If the Germans could have held back an not given signals it was ready for war. In other words disguise their intentions. England, Russia, France, would have no fear thus no ramp-up for war policy from those three.
warspite1

I understand your point about the British and French not ramping up as much. After all neither wanted war and, as leaders of democracies, they had to balance the books and unlimited spending on the military wasn't ever an option. BUT....

....and there is a big but (and for the purposes of the debate we'll ignore that waiting was simply not possible for Hitler). The Germans couldn't simply sit around for a year spending more and more on their armed forces. The economy could not be ignored even by Hitler. He had to pay for the resources that the military spending was using up, and he could not afford to turn off production of consumer goods without risking severe internal unrest. All this continued activity isn't going to go unnoticed in London, Paris, Moscow and Warsaw and they are not going to stop their own re-armament plans - remember, Munich has happened, Hitler goals are clear - even if Allied re-armament is not as ramped up as it would have been.

And as said, Germany can't do all this and spend money, time and most importantly resource on Italy.

I think Hitler waiting (even if it was in that man's DNA) would not have served Germany much (if any) better than going to war in 1939. At the very least, the RN would be stronger, the French air force would be stronger and both the French and British armies would also be in a better position (although quite how much is difficult to say).


Not to mention that Germany was using the financial resources of Austria and the Czech part of Czechoslovakia to finance Germany.

Yes, the economic costs of the economy with the good healthcare, the childcare, the nice working environment, the programs for the children, and all that stuff was being paid for bu the 80% tax rate. There was not too much left for the military's continued expansion plus the elimination of the obsolete equipment.

_____________________________

Seek peace but keep your gun handy.

I'm not a complete idiot, some parts are missing!

“Illegitemus non carborundum est (“Don’t let the bastards grind you down”).”
― Julia Child


(in reply to warspite1)
Post #: 23
RE: The question to ask about The Italians - 8/4/2020 4:10:47 PM   
Hexagon


Posts: 1129
Joined: 6/14/2009
Status: offline
I think no because the problem with Italy was a strategic one, the chance to win WWII for axis finished in 1942 that is when the 30s equipment of italians become totally obsolete, over 1942 win or lose war was a question of numbers and leave the area of a military victory based in short but decisive campaigns like in 1940 and east front war until failure to hold the soviet oil fields (apart the totally disaster that was 1943 for axis).

If Italy didnt attack France, try force a war with UK (imagine an Italian ship in Dakar...), focus in take Malta and defeat UK in Africa continent... that sure open a more solid "liberation" operation in middle east... with Turkey moving to axis... think how usefull could be Italy removing the british problem for Germany in Europe... and later when Japan enter in war... India independence by indians.

In general a few PzIV or PzIII only can help made tactical battles better for italians but they never can change the horrible direction of war and how Italy wasted resources... like send trucks to balcans and not to north AFrica leaving in desert a pure foot army

One thing is have good equipment, other very different know where and when use it.

< Message edited by Hexagon -- 8/4/2020 4:14:42 PM >

(in reply to RangerJoe)
Post #: 24
RE: The question to ask about The Italians - 8/5/2020 1:13:32 PM   
nicwb

 

Posts: 519
Joined: 4/26/2010
Status: offline
quote:

warspite1

I understand your point about the British and French not ramping up as much. After all neither wanted war and, as leaders of democracies, they had to balance the books and unlimited spending on the military wasn't ever an option. BUT....

....and there is a big but (and for the purposes of the debate we'll ignore that waiting was simply not possible for Hitler). The Germans couldn't simply sit around for a year spending more and more on their armed forces. The economy could not be ignored even by Hitler. He had to pay for the resources that the military spending was using up, and he could not afford to turn off production of consumer goods without risking severe internal unrest. All this continued activity isn't going to go unnoticed in London, Paris, Moscow and Warsaw and they are not going to stop their own re-armament plans - remember, Munich has happened, Hitler goals are clear - even if Allied re-armament is not as ramped up as it would have been.

And as said, Germany can't do all this and spend money, time and most importantly resource on Italy.

I think Hitler waiting (even if it was in that man's DNA) would not have served Germany much (if any) better than going to war in 1939. At the very least, the RN would be stronger, the French air force would be stronger and both the French and British armies would also be in a better position (although quite how much is difficult to say).


There are actually a lot of arguments in favour of the idea that Hitler committed far too early - or rather underestimated the strength of the British and French response. In a lot of respects Hitler was an opportunist he had bluffed and won on rearmament, re-militarisation of the Rhineland and the Czech's. Essentially he read correctly that the west didn't want wars and simply gambled that the response over Poland would be similar.

As for too early -(i) at the start of the war apart from panzer formations most of the German army was still horse drawn. That situation persisted even in the invasion of the USSR. Both the British and French had more mechanized troops (ii) even in the panzer formations, the West outnumbered the Germans in tanks and most of the tanks were PzII's or Pz38's. The Pz III and Pz IV existed but not in overwhelming numbers (ii) the Kriegsmarine were greatly outnumbered by the RN and French navy. The Kriegsmarine was forced to conduct most of its war via Uboat. (iii) industrially Germany didn't hit peak wartime production until about 1943.


(in reply to Hexagon)
Post #: 25
RE: The question to ask about The Italians - 8/5/2020 4:38:16 PM   
RangerJoe


Posts: 7709
Joined: 11/16/2015
Status: offline
Germany did not concentrate on simple things like an Armee truck. There were over 100 different types of trucks. Develop, test, and build three or four different trucks and let every manufacturer make them as needed. You want the small, mobile ones like the US Army quarter ton, the three quarter ton pick-up or the one ton weapons carrier, the two and a half ton truck, and then any larger capacity trucks. That would have simplified manufacturing and parts.

Not that the Germans should not have continued to use captured trucks and equipment, but those should have been kept in certain areas and not spread around.

_____________________________

Seek peace but keep your gun handy.

I'm not a complete idiot, some parts are missing!

“Illegitemus non carborundum est (“Don’t let the bastards grind you down”).”
― Julia Child


(in reply to nicwb)
Post #: 26
RE: The question to ask about The Italians - 8/5/2020 9:21:42 PM   
warspite1


Posts: 42543
Joined: 2/2/2008
From: England
Status: offline

quote:

ORIGINAL: nicwb

There are actually a lot of arguments in favour of the idea that Hitler committed far too early

warspite1

The production ramping up in 1943 includes the resources plundered from conquered countries, the moving of the economy to a total war footing and of course masses of slave labour.

To suggest that Hitler had time to play with is against everything I've ever read and so I'd be very interested to see a source or two for that. Can you let me know of any books/authors you have read that have expressed that point of view please?

Many thanks.


_____________________________

England expects that every man will do his duty. Horatio Nelson October 1805



(in reply to nicwb)
Post #: 27
RE: The question to ask about The Italians - 8/6/2020 11:19:44 AM   
wodin


Posts: 10415
Joined: 4/20/2003
From: England
Status: offline

quote:

ORIGINAL: Zap

Having the similar quality equipment as the Germans and tanks equal to Panzer IVs would the War outcome been significantly different?

My, answer is Yes! the war may have actually been won by the axis side. In the least, it would have carried on for some years more.



Well if Germany had treated it's Allies, aswell as the people who fell under German controlled territory esp in places like the Ukraine as an equal, and then kitted them out with the same equipment as they used, then yes, I think it's more than likely Germany would have won the War.

_____________________________


(in reply to Zap)
Post #: 28
RE: The question to ask about The Italians - 8/6/2020 1:24:10 PM   
nicwb

 

Posts: 519
Joined: 4/26/2010
Status: offline
quote:

uote:

ORIGINAL: nicwb

There are actually a lot of arguments in favour of the idea that Hitler committed far too early

warspite1

The production ramping up in 1943 includes the resources plundered from conquered countries, the moving of the economy to a total war footing and of course masses of slave labour.

To suggest that Hitler had time to play with is against everything I've ever read and so I'd be very interested to see a source or two for that. Can you let me know of any books/authors you have read that have expressed that point of view please?

Many thanks.


Ok hopefully we are not at cross-purposes. My suggestion is that the German military and economy weren't really yet ready for a protracted war. Whether as a whole Hitler had a limited window of opportunity is far more complex but one factor is the state of German military and economic resources is a factor.

In respect to the German economy and Hitler's opportunism I would suggest Prof Richard Evans "The Third Reich in Power" and the "Third Reich at War" -they are not fully on topic but do cover the economic situation well. In the run up to the war Germany was essentially in real difficulties financing rearmament. Once they solved that the problem became man power shortages (and this is before the war). Mobilisation only made the shortages more acute.

As for opportunism, the re-occupation of the Rhineland was mostly bluff. Hitler gambled that Britain and France would not react. But to give the appearance of strength the armed forces numbers were buffered up by police units.

In respect of military forces available at the time of the invasion of France I would suggest a recent you tube video by the Tank Museum. Its actually on the battle of Arras but a large proportion of the talk is on the competing state of the German military vs the British and French at the time.
https://youtu.be/EPKp-GKgbl0

(in reply to wodin)
Post #: 29
RE: The question to ask about The Italians - 8/6/2020 4:33:46 PM   
warspite1


Posts: 42543
Joined: 2/2/2008
From: England
Status: offline
quote:

ORIGINAL: nicwb

quote:

uote:

ORIGINAL: nicwb

There are actually a lot of arguments in favour of the idea that Hitler committed far too early

warspite1

The production ramping up in 1943 includes the resources plundered from conquered countries, the moving of the economy to a total war footing and of course masses of slave labour.

To suggest that Hitler had time to play with is against everything I've ever read and so I'd be very interested to see a source or two for that. Can you let me know of any books/authors you have read that have expressed that point of view please?

Many thanks.


In respect to the German economy and Hitler's opportunism I would suggest Prof Richard Evans "The Third Reich in Power" and the "Third Reich at War" -they are not fully on topic but do cover the economic situation well. In the run up to the war Germany was essentially in real difficulties financing rearmament. Once they solved that the problem became man power shortages (and this is before the war). Mobilisation only made the shortages more acute.

warspite1

Thanks for the recommendations.

Re the point in bold this was, in part, what I was referring to. I don't think they ever solved the problem (but they certainly made the best of a bad job) but the wider issues were never going away - hence the small window of opportunity (and why I think it is unrealistic to believe Hitler could have waited).

The more conscription as Hitler fed the machine, the more industry and agriculture suffered, the more working conditions worsened, and at the end of the day, the measures put in place weren't going to solve Germany's problems. Worse still, as mentioned previously, Hitler's would be opponents were building up themselves and reducing the gap Hitler had built up.

No Polish invasion, likely no NS Pact - at least in the timescale that actually happened. And that means the Soviets are keeping an even more wary eye on what Germany are producing.




< Message edited by warspite1 -- 8/6/2020 4:34:15 PM >


_____________________________

England expects that every man will do his duty. Horatio Nelson October 1805



(in reply to nicwb)
Post #: 30
Page:   [1] 2 3 4 5   next >   >>
All Forums >> [General] >> General Discussion >> The question to ask about The Italians Page: [1] 2 3 4 5   next >   >>
Jump to:





New Messages No New Messages
Hot Topic w/ New Messages Hot Topic w/o New Messages
Locked w/ New Messages Locked w/o New Messages
 Post New Thread
 Reply to Message
 Post New Poll
 Submit Vote
 Delete My Own Post
 Delete My Own Thread
 Rate Posts


Forum Software © ASPPlayground.NET Advanced Edition 2.4.5 ANSI

0.180