Yes, not the latest game version, but found nothing mentioned of this in 1.04 patch notes nor the beta thread. (Apart from the "Did some QA on the mouse overs of the Diplomatic Stratagems", I guess this could be included in that).
When playing the "Provocation" card on another human regime, the tooltip states that the effect depends on the other player's response, and there shouldn't be a difficulty test. Instead, it gives a normal skill roll and an immediate effect as if played on an AI Major, and confirmed by the other player, no mention of the card being played on him.
As for the result, it seemed to be off as well. The skill check was a non-critical failure, which should not result in any relation change, but instead increased the relations with the other regime by +9.