From: Lamezia Terme (Italy)
As far as the illegal workers go, maybe they will have to start being legal. Maybe going through a temporary agency to get a record of the earnings. Of course, the criminal element will still be criminal. I read about that community north of Naples where the African immigrants are.
Premise: I'm against illegal work, and all my employees are registered. Having say that, the problem, in Italy, is more complex than a "get legal" answer.
First and foremost, those offering illegal work often offer only illegal work. If you disagree they will not employ you again - and good luck in finding a new job in Italy ("former") current market. Also, employers who follow this practice are more competitive - until the "Guardia di Finanza", the Financial Crimes Unit) - sniffs something funny and discovers what you are doing. This, however, doesn't happen often enough.
Second, with illegal work you renounce long term benefices for a bigger income up stat. I'll give you an example I saw with my eyes. John Doe is a guy who runs a XY service in my zone. He offers both legal and illegal work - your choice. With legal work you get 6 Euro/hour, pension, UHC and other benefits. With illegal work you get 12 Euro/hour and good luck to you (you don't pay taxes, but you can access services ranging from UHS to unemployment checks). Most people choose illegal work. This is sadly true for the rest of Italy, but in the South the problem is more marked.
Now, to return in topic, while I fully agree that the practice of illegal work must be fought, the stark reality of the current situation is that a lot of people are jobless and with nothing in their pockets. This breeds desperation. Remember: we are not talking about small numbers: a whole strata of the Italian population is in this situation right now.
I can only look from the window. Back when this emergency started, a guy in our government (I don't even remember his party) said that "We should help not only legal workers but illegal ones too" He was, of course, crucified. I didn't really pay attention back then, but now I wonder if he had a point: accept (during the viral emergency) the lesser evil to avoid the bigger one (revolts for food and droves of people looking at criminal organizations for help).
"Yes darling, I served in the Navy for eight years. I was a cook..."
"Oh dad... so you were a God-damned cook?"
(My 10 years old daughter after watching "The Hunt for Red October")