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Pacific, Heroes and Leaders mod Expansion - 11/24/2019 7:15:35 PM   
asl3d


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Pacific, the new Heroes and Leaders mod Expansion is coming ...




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RE: Pacific, Heroes and Leaders mod Expansion - 11/24/2019 10:53:53 PM   
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Great news!

Keep up the good work!

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RE: Pacific, Heroes and Leaders mod Expansion - 12/29/2019 6:42:51 PM   
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I am very much looking forward to this too. I love your work!

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RE: Pacific, Heroes and Leaders mod Expansion - 5/14/2020 8:46:51 PM   
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To Be Continued ...




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RE: Pacific, Heroes and Leaders mod Expansion - 6/7/2020 7:07:21 PM   
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Are you ready?




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RE: Pacific, Heroes and Leaders mod Expansion - 6/8/2020 11:03:48 AM   
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Yes Yes Yes!! Ready and anxious !!

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RE: Pacific, Heroes and Leaders mod Expansion - 6/14/2020 1:31:18 PM   
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yeah. ready.

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RE: Pacific, Heroes and Leaders mod Expansion - 6/23/2020 9:00:00 PM   
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THE JAPANESE

The rationale behind most of the rules for the Japanese should be based over his incredible courage in the face his willingness to die rather than be taken alive. The Japanese was been raised in a highly regimented society with little regard for the individual, with an iron discipline enforced in the military, and the Bushido, the code of the Samurai. Bushido stressed unquestioning bravery and loyalty, the unimportance of the individual, that failure in battle demanded death, and that capture by the enemy was unthinkable. Together all these produced what some have called the best infantry in history.





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RE: Pacific, Heroes and Leaders mod Expansion - 6/24/2020 8:12:12 AM   
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How will you simulate Japanese tenacity?

One way is to put your squads as heroes, they will never be shaken. But you have the problem of penalization when using support weapons.

Me in Heroes of the WWII mod, simulate it by mixing squad-heroes with standard squads with SR.

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RE: Pacific, Heroes and Leaders mod Expansion - 6/24/2020 5:57:10 PM   
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quote:

ORIGINAL: CHINCHIN

How will you simulate Japanese tenacity?

One way is to put your squads as heroes, they will never be shaken. But you have the problem of penalization when using support weapons.

Me in Heroes of the WWII mod, simulate it by mixing squad-heroes with standard squads with SR.


Hello Chinchin,

I have been very hesitant about how to approach this matter. Not allowing the Japanese squads to break normally, as ASL does, has always seemed like too energetic solution. Also, although the squads are not broken, they lose part of their combat strength. This, at the end of the scenario, leaves the Japanese side without real combat strength.

Finally, I have decided to allow the break of the squads but, to facilitate their rally (Self-Rally), I have considered that the Japanese side has the same characteristics as the German SS units and that of the Russians (Motherland). In addition, I have strengthened the capacity of Japanese officers by considering them Samurai what, in practice, means that all Japanese officers are Commissars.

I think that, although the Japanese soldiers were brave and highly disciplined, they were still human beings and, therefore, sensitive to enemy fire and they took cover like the other fighters of the second world war. For all these reasons, I have chosen to further enhance their ability to rally as well as its resistance to be eliminated by close combat.

I have not yet tried all of this on the Pacific scenarios. Therefore, we have to consider it as a design concept, pending the actual testing of the mod to confirm it.


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RE: Pacific, Heroes and Leaders mod Expansion - 6/28/2020 6:26:30 PM   
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Japan Imperial Army

The Japanese devised tactics that would provide maximum advantage for their smaller army. They used night attacks whenever possible in order to minimize casualties, and performed the maximum use of deception, speed, surprise and infiltration to put and keep the enemy off balance. In theory, each Japanese squad contained two or three snipers—and even LMG were used for sniping, some being equipped with scopes for that purpose. On the other hand, dominated the obsession with the perceived advantage of attacking at all times and the conviction that the ultimate aim of an attack was to overwhelm the enemy in hand-to-hand combat.



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RE: Pacific, Heroes and Leaders mod Expansion - 6/30/2020 6:51:35 PM   
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PTO (Pacific Theater of Operations)

The beginning ASL players have always had a certain timidity with regard to learning the rules for playing in the Pacific Theater of Operations (PTO). And, why not? The PTO was not introduced until Code of Bushido and Gung Ho!, the eighth and ninth modules of the ASL system. The rules for the PTO (Chapter G) have a reputation for being complex. Many players, although they own the modules, are reluctant to dive into the PTO for primarily that reason. It’s a shame, really, because a player who understands the basics of Chapters A-D and is comfortable with them can quickly team enough about the PTO to begin playing scenarios from that theater. Indeed, since the PTO was not an armor-heavy theater, and therefore has many all-infantry scenarios, you don't even necessarily need strong knowledge of Chapters C and D to begin. Some of Chapter G's reputation for complexity/density is well deserved, but by taking a programmed instruction approach, a player can jump into the PTO with relative ease. "Pacific" contains a good part of the ASL chapter G rules (including the Caves Complex or the Amphibious Assault), adapted to the game mechanics of the Heroes and Leaders mod, and follows the ASL programmed instruction method.





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RE: Pacific, Heroes and Leaders mod Expansion - 7/5/2020 6:41:15 PM   
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Type 95 Ha-Go Light Tank

One of the big problems of the medium tank Type 89 was its slowness which made it unsuitable to move within the mechanized brigades transported by trucks. Consequently, as from 1933, study of a new fast tank was undertaken. This tank of approximately 7 tons was to give potection against the shootings of light weapons. The suspension was inspired by that of the Type 94 tankette which was made up of two pairs of road-wheels on bogie on each side installed on bent arms suspended by horizontal helical springs in compression; provision taken again on the majority of the future Japanese tanks.
A new diesel engine was installed at the back of the tank and actuated the two front sprocket-wheels. This tank was provided with a standard steering by clutch and braking. The crew was constitued of a driver, a bow machine-gunner and the commander-gunner in turret. This last handled a gun of 37mm. The prototype was finalized by Mitsubishi in 1934 and it was sent in units of cavalry and d' infantry to be to evaluate. These last units were hardly impressed by the quality of armament and shielding. However after a passage within the autonomous mixed brigade in Mandchouko, an order of this new tank had placed. A second prototype was designed in 1935 and was accepted for the production under the name of light tank Type 95. Let us note that the models of production will lay out of a more roomy compartment of combat. The light tank Type 95 was produced in very great quantity according to the Japanese standards since 1300 specimens were produced. The majority (1164) left the Mitsubishi arsenal (where it gains its current denomination Ha-Go), the remainder of different factories of small size.





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RE: Pacific, Heroes and Leaders mod Expansion - 7/6/2020 7:03:18 PM   
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Type 3 Ke-Ri

List conversions of Type 95

Type 3 Ke-Ri: model armed with a gun of 57 mm Type 97 in a new turret which however given an exiguous space to the crew. Never the testing stage exceeded in 1943.
Type 4 Ke-Nu: model equipped with the two-man turret of the medium tank Type 97. 100 produced specimens.
Type 95 Manshû: training tank (but also operational) extremely similar to the Ha-Go, which equipped the unit of instruction of the military academy of Kwantung in Mandchouko.
Type 95 Ta-Se: anti-aircraft tank designed in November 1941. Armed with the gun with 20 mm Type 98 or Type 2. Never started production.
Type 2 Ka-Mi: Amphibian tank designed for the Japanese Navy. It was equipped with two pontoons (front-back) which could be detached once on the dry land since interior of the tank.
Type 95 Ri-Ki: Pioneer tank equipped with a 3t crane.
Ho-To: motorized howitzer (120 mm Type 38) based on the chassis of the Ha-Go. This howitzer had a rather low muzzle velocity but its high-explosive rounds could destroy a Sherman.
Type 5 Ho-Ru: light tankdestroyer with gun of 47 mm, similar to German Hetzer from which the development began in February 1945. Used the chassis of Type 95, the suspension was widened to accomodate tracks of 350 mm broad with double central guides.
Type 98 Ke-Ni: final version of the Ha-Go equipped with a higher shielding (plates of 15.7 mm in the place of the plates of 12 mm). It started production in 1942 but only 200 were produced.





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RE: Pacific, Heroes and Leaders mod Expansion - 7/8/2020 6:39:56 PM   
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Type 98 Ke-Ni Light Tank

The light tank Type 98 Ke-Ni was designed in order to replace the Type 95 Ha-Go. However its development was braked until 1942 because Type 95 was considered to be largely sufficient vis-a-vis the national revolutionary army of the Chinese Republic, extremely deprived out of anti-tank weapons. Moreover one large share of the d' production in steel in Japan was used for naval construction to the depend of the production of armored vehicles. However at the time of enter in war of Japan vis-a-vis the United States, it was obvious that the Type 95 was not competitive vis-a-vis the American tanks even vis-a-vis the light tank M3 Stuart. A contract of production had signed in 1942 with the firms Hino Jidosha Kogyo and Mitsubishi. In 1942-1943, a total of 103 Type 98s Ke-Ni was produced in 1942-1943 (24 in 1942,79 in 1943).
Type 98 was largely similar to Type 95 but shorter than this last and with a mainly welded and thicker shielding. It was propelled by a diesel engine Mitsubishi Type 100 of 6 cylinders, developing 130 hp. The engine was assembled in length in order to facilitate maintenance. The 2-man turret of conventional type, was armed with a gun of 37 mm Type 100. This gun had an initial muzzle velocity of 760 m/s. Secondary armament was constitued of a coaxial machine-gun of 7.7 mm Type 97.
The Type 98A Ke-Ni was the standard model of production, equipped with a suspension with 6 road-wheels assembled by pars on bogies (installed on bent arms suspended by horizontal helical springs in compression) and 3 return rollers , 1 front sprocket-wheel and 1 idler.
The Type 98B Ke-Ni was an experimental model equipped with a suspension of the Christie type with 4 broad road-wheels supported by helical springs. This suspension did not have return rollers and the idler and the sprocket-wheel were reversed. This model never started production.
The Ta-Se is an anti-aircraft version based on Type 98. This vehicle from which the development had begun in November 1941, was armed with a 20 mm anti-aircraft gun assembled in a circular turret. This gun was a version of the anti-aircraft machine-gun of 20 mm Type 2. Only one prototype was produced and named Ta-Se (Ta for Taiku (Anti-Air) - Se for Sensha (Tank)). One also thought realize a version with twin guns for 1944. However the project was abandoned in 1943.




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RE: Pacific, Heroes and Leaders mod Expansion - 7/9/2020 6:47:55 PM   
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Type 2 Ke-To Light Tank

The light tank Type 2 Ke-To (Ke for Keto (light) - To (Seven)) is a version improved of Type 98 Ke-Ni. Like the Type 95 Ha-Go, Type 98 were completely sufficient to fight the Chinese forces which missed of anti-tank weapons and tanks. However these two tanks were not competitive vis-a-vis the American tanks. It's why the development of this more powerful version was initiated at the end of 1942. As for Type 98, Type 2 suffered from the lack of steel available because of the priority given to naval construction and the start of production was unceasingly delayed. At the time of the beginning of this one in 1944, the Japanese industrial facilities were in sad state because of the American bombardments and the shortages in materials were pandemic. For these reasons, only 34 specimens could be produced.
The principal modification by report Type 98 was adoption of the gun of 37 mm Type 1. This more powerful gun had an initial muzzle velocity of 810 m/s. To install this gun, the turret was widened and became more cylindrical.
The Type 2 at the origin was developed like light airborne tank being able to be transported by sailplanes to provide a armored support to the special forces and to the parachutists (like British Tetrarch and American Locust). None of the 34 specimens was deployed in the Pacific, because Japanese army not having more offensive capacities. Only a few units were created and assigned to division of infantry protecting Japanese archipelago against an invasion which never came. The end of the war arrived without Type 2 was used in combat.





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RE: Pacific, Heroes and Leaders mod Expansion - 7/10/2020 8:55:41 PM   
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Type 4 Ke-Nu Light Tank

The medium tank Type 97 Chi-Ha was at the origin equipped with a turret armed with a gun of 57 mm with low muzzle velocity. The engagements vis-a-vis the Japanese tanks during the Russo-Japanese border war of 1939 showed inefficiency of this gun vis-a-vis the tanks. A new version equipped with a new turret armed with a gun of 47 mm with high muzzle velocity, much more effective, Shinhoto Chi-Ha was developed. This last will become the war-horse of the Japanese armored forces. Consequently many turrets of the Chi-ha armed with the gun of 57 mm were available. In same time the light tank Type 95 Ha-Go had become obsolete. It was thus decided to mount these turrets on the hull of the Type 95 ha-Go so to increase the number of light tanks intended for divisions of infantry of frontline. The new tank was baptized Type 4 Ke-Nu.
Like above mentioned, the turret of the Chi-ha was quite simply installed on the hull of the hHa-Go, which appreciably increased the firepower of this last. This hybrid tank however weighed 1 ton more than the Ha-Go what harmed the performances of the tank appreciably without the protection of the tank was improved. Top speed had fallen to 40 km/h on road. As conversion did not begin before 1944, this tank could not play any decisive part in the course of the war. The majority of the Type 4s had remained at the country to counter a future American invasion. Some however were delivered to units in Korea and Manchukuo (Manchuria). Some were opposed to the Soviet tanks lasting invasion of Manchuria by USSR in 1945.




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RE: Pacific, Heroes and Leaders mod Expansion - 7/11/2020 8:07:43 PM   
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Type 5 Ke-Ho Light Tank

The light tank Type 95 Ha-Go which constituted the majority of Japanese armored forces, had proven reliable against the Chinese forces on the continent. However it was completely insufficient against the tanks of Allies of share the weakness of its armament (not very powerful vis-a-vis American M3 Stuart and M4 Sherman) and of its shielding (vulnerable to the standard infantry weapons). The tanks light Type 98 Ke-Ni and Type 2 Ke-To represented a good step in the right direction but remained altogether still too vulnerable. A new light tank was thus necessary. If the prototype were completed in 1942, the program was put on the side to the profit of the developments of medium tanks and the production of warcrafts. The mass production was authorized in 1945 only but it was well too late unfortunately so that this tank plays a positive role in the course of the war. Means of Japanese wa rindustry did not allow any more because of the shortages and the destruction of installations to produce in mass any armored vehicle that it is. The project thus remained at the stage of the prototype.
Type 5 used in major part the chassis of the Type 95 Ha-Go but with clear improvements made to the shielding and armament. The weak gun of 37 mm was replaced by a gun of 47 mm Type 1. The tank was propelled by a diesel engine Mitsubishi NVD 61020 with air cooling, developing 150 hp (what allowed a speed on road of 40 km/h). Despite everything this tank remained lower than the American tanks.




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RE: Pacific, Heroes and Leaders mod Expansion - 7/12/2020 7:47:27 PM   
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Type 89A/B Chi-Ro

Part I

The history of this infantry support tan goes back to the program of the N°1 tank begun in 1925. It was specified that this tank was to be able to attack the enemy fortifications. A gun of 57 mm and 2 machine-guns in auxiliary turrets were required, with a shielding able to resist to the contemporary anti-tank guns of 37 mm. To accompany infantry, a high maximum speed was not necessary and it was limited to 25 km/h (that of the standard trucks of the Japanese army). The weight was to surround the 15 tons.
The first prototype was constructed without shielding because of the problems encountered in the manufacture of the plates and other engineering problems. The weight was of approximately 18 tons, which was considered to be unacceptable for a tank of infantry by the Japanese high command. The realization; a new model of 10 ton, armed with a gun of 37 mm, based on Vickers British Medium C bought in 1929, was required. The prototype will leave the same year the arsenal of Osaka. During this time work on the N°1 tank continued its course, even if this tank were never produced. The new tank had the same gun of 57 mm as the tank N°1 and a machine-gun of 6.5 mm was installed at the back of the turret, and a second in front right of the hull. The transmission by clutch and braking came from N°1. The engine was Daimler gasoline of 6 cylinders developing 118 hp. The suspension was a version simplified of that of the heavy tank and included on each side 9 road wheels, in two double sets of road-wheels assembled per pairs, in bogies suspended by leaf springs, supplemented by a road-wheel with independent suspension in front. This suspension was protected by armored plates.
The new tank of 11.5 tons, was baptized Type 89 and put in production in the new arsenal of Mitsubishi. At the beginning considered as light tank, it was finally classified like medium tank.




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RE: Pacific, Heroes and Leaders mod Expansion - 7/14/2020 6:40:49 PM   
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Type 89A/B Chi-Ro

Part II


The crew of Type 89 was of 4 men. The driver and the bow machine gunner of took seat in front of the hull. On the Type 89A the driver had sat on the left and the window of vision was on the left on the frontal plate of the superstructure, and the machine gunner on the right. This one actuated the machine-gun of 6.5 m Type 91 on ball mount on the right of the window of the driver. On the Type 89A the access to the hull was made via a hatch in two parts installed on the right of the plunging glacis. A loop of towing was present on the nose of the tank. Two large headlights were present on the mudguards.
On the Type 89B, the positions were reversed. Indeed the driver (as the window of vision) took seat on the right and the bow machine gunner took seat on the left with the machine-gun of 6.5 mm Type 91 on ball mount. The access hatch it-also was moved towards the left on the glacis. A port of shooting to the pistol was present between the window and the machine-gun. On the Type 89B, the frontal plate of the superstructure and the glacis was remplaced by a single plate. The skew side plates of the superstructures had small hatches of vision and slits of vision. The inclined parts of the roof of the superstructure laid out each of 4 ports (of shooting to the pistol?).





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RE: Pacific, Heroes and Leaders mod Expansion - 7/15/2020 7:40:51 PM   
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Type 89A/B Chi-Ro

Part III

The oval turret of the Type 89A accomodated the last crewmen: the commander sitting on the right and the gunner sitting on the left. The commander laid out a small cupola in the shape of flower pot girdled of slits of vision, where it could just pass its head. The access to the turret was done via the trap door in two parts installed on the roof. Another small hatch was present on the right of the turret towards the back (surely for the loading of the ammunition). On the left of the turret one found a circular port for evacuation of the casings. The gun of the Type 89A was one 57 mm Type 90 L/18.5 with short barrel putting at fire piercing rounds with an initial muzzle velocity of 380 m/s (could bore only 20 mm of shielding already at 500 m away). The machine-gun of turret, one 6.5 mm Type 91 on ball mount was installed at the back.
The turret of the Type 89B Type was largely modified. Indeed the rear machine-gun was moved on the left side to be able to install a broad cupola of commander deforming all thus the back of turret. The hatch of the right side was replaced at the back of the turret. On the roof the access hatch was cancelled because the cupola had already a 2-part accec hatch. The gun was preserved in spite of a modified mounting.





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RE: Pacific, Heroes and Leaders mod Expansion - 7/16/2020 7:23:16 PM   
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Type 89A/B Chi-Ro

Part IV


The rear compartment accomodated the Daimer engine of 6 cylinders du Type 89A. This gasoline engine developed only 118 hp and allowed the tank to reach only 25 km/h maximum on road, which was not too serious for a tank of infantry. The rear deck and the rear part of the hull were constellated with multiple access hatches and grids of ventilation. The exhaust was installed on the left of the engine compartment on the mudguard. Two loops of towings were present on the rear part of the hull.
The outside of the engine compartment on the Type 89B was hardly modified (a hatch moreover), but accomodated a diesel engine Mitsubishi A6120VD of 6 cylinders, developing 120 hp wich not changed the performances of the tank.
The suspension of Type 89 included on each side 9 road-wheels, in two double sets of road-wheels assembled per pairs, in bogies suspended by leaf springs, supplemented by a road-wheel with independent suspension in front. This suspension was protected by armored plates. The sprocket-wheel was located in front and the idler (also toothed) at the back. The suspension was supplemented by 5 return rollers.
On the Type 89B, the suspension included only 4 return rollers, two new types of sprocket-wheel and idler and new armored skirts. The tracks (of the two models) had a width of 305 mm and included 80 links each one. The links did not have guides, the double road-wheels wrapped them simply.




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RE: Pacific, Heroes and Leaders mod Expansion - 7/17/2020 7:00:32 PM   
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Type 89A/B Chi-Ro

Part V


The shielding of Type 89 was assembled by bolting. The thickness was very low: only of 17 mm for the vertical parts! It had become completely insufficient at the official entry in war of Japan in late 1941. However during the Sino-Japanese war in the Thirties, the Japanese tanks did not meet any anti-tank weapon in the Chinese rows, and thus did not encounter any particular problem.
Initial model propelled by a gasoline Daimler engine. The bow machine-gun and hatch are located on the right. It was produced to 200 specimens.
Model equipped with a diesel engine Mitsubishi A6120VD of 120 hp and a turret modified with cupola of commander. It was produced to 189 specimens. The front part was also characteristic with a glacis lengthened where the machine-gun and the hatch was placed on the left.




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RE: Pacific, Heroes and Leaders mod Expansion - 7/18/2020 8:14:31 PM   
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Type 97 Chi-Ha

Part I


As often with Japan, the idea d' a new medium tank was born into the technical services of the command of the Japanese army and not into the services in charge of the operations. Type 89 up to that point in service in the Japanese army became increasingly obsolete compared to the European innovations, equipped with a better shielding, a better armament and especially faster. Two different projects were launched: plan 1 of 13.5t of Mitsubishi and Plan 2 of 10t of the Arsenal of Osaka. The two prototypes were finalized and presented in 1937 under designations of " Chi-Ha" and " Chi-Ni".
In fact the Chi-ha was chosen, although the Office of the operations preferred the Chi-Ni, with its one-man turret, less expensive to produce. However the beginning of the hostilities in China required a larger and powerful tank, which gave favours to the Chi-ha. Two prototypes different of Chi-ha were presented. The first had partial covering wheels, the second had a suspension inherited the Type 94 tankettes and light tanks Type 95 including 3 double bogies (each side) connected by bent arms which operated on the horizontal springs. On the standard vehicles, this last suspension was preserved for the central unit although the former and posterior wheels were suspended independently.




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RE: Pacific, Heroes and Leaders mod Expansion - 7/20/2020 6:06:10 PM   
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Type 97 Chi-Ha

Part II


The Type 97 was produced by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries at a rate of 1224 specimens, per Hitachi Industries at a rate of 335 specimens and per the Army Arsenal (Sagami) at a rate of 564 specimens. On a total of 2123 specimens, 1162 were standard model Chi-ha, 930 specimens of the model Shinhoto Chi-ha and 31 specimens were used as a basis for special vehicles. The production finished at the end of 1943, because the production of a new medium tank, Type 1 Chi-He, came to be ordinate.
The front of the Type 97 was occupied by the transmission (5 speeds: 4/1) and the final commands which made function the front sprocket-wheels. The steering mechanism was of the type clutch-brake with the differential gears. Unit was accessible by two hatches assembled on hinges on the glacis. The nose was also equipped with a loop of towing.
The crew was composed of 4 men; the driver and the bow machine gunner took seat in the compartment of steering in the superstructure. The driver was located on the right, his station making saillent on the frontal plate of the superstructure; whereas the machine gunner was located on the left. The bow machine-gun was one 7.7 mm Type 97 on ball mount. The driver for his vision had three slits of vision on the saillent. The frontal slit was located on a driver's window which remained open except situation of combat.




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RE: Pacific, Heroes and Leaders mod Expansion - 7/21/2020 6:01:55 PM   
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Type 97 Chi-Ha

Part III


The remainder of the crew, the commander-gunner and the loader of the gun took seat in the turret. The main armament was constitued of a short 57 mm Type 97 gun. This weapon had a low muzzle velocity considered to be however sufficient for an infantry support use. Armament of the turret was supplemented by a machine-gun of 7.7 mm Type 97 on ball mount at the back of the turret. This machine-gun could be dismounted and reinstalled on the roof of the turret for the anti-aircraft defence. Access to the turret was done via the commander's cupola (drum type), provided of a circular hatch assembled on hinge. This hatch was provided of a rotary periscope.
Although the turret could swivel on 360°, the gun could swivel individually of 10° on each side thanks to one second pair of trunnions. The radio was installed in the turret and the antenna was mounted on the left side of the roof. On the tanks of command, circular antenna-frames, making the turn partly of the turret, was assembled on the roof.




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RE: Pacific, Heroes and Leaders mod Expansion - 7/22/2020 5:51:50 PM   
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Type 97 Chi-Ha

Part IV


During the Nomonhan Incident against Soviet Union, the 57 mm Type 97 showed all its limits against the Russian tanks however armed with guns of 45 mm which caused heavy losses to the Japanese. The high muzzle velocity of the Russian gun compared to the weak muzzle velocity of the Japanese gun was the cause. The Japanese thus decided to develop a new more powerful gun. The new gun of 47 mm which was finalized in 1941, was based on the Soviet anti-tank gun of 45 mm and also influenced by the German 37 mm Pak 36. Although a lower caliber than the 57 mm Standard 97, this new gun had a longer tube and thus a muzzle velocity quite higher and a much better capacity of penetration of shielding.
To accomodate this new gun, a new turret (Shinhoto) was necessary. It was taken on the new medium tank Type 1 Chi-He. It was equipped of a lengthened rear part, always armed with a 7.7 mm Type 97 machine-gun. The commander's cupola (drum type) was provided with a circular hatch in two parts, assembled on hinges. The loader laid out from now of two hatches assembled on hinges located on the left cupola. Another hatch assembled on hinges was located at the back of the turret.
The rear compartment accomodated the engine, fuel tanks and cooling system (air). It was accessible via two side hatches mounted on hinges and a central hatch also assembled on hinges on the rear deck. This central hatch also accomodated a grid of ventilation. Another hatch assembled on hinges was located on the back glacis. The rear compartment was flanked on each side by a exhaust. The hull rear plate of the engine compartment had two loops of towing.




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RE: Pacific, Heroes and Leaders mod Expansion - 7/23/2020 8:14:13 PM   
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Type 97 Chi-Ha

Part V


The engine of the Type 97 was Mitsubishi V-12 Type 97 diesel developing 170 hp. On paper theoretical maximum speed was of 42 km/h but on the ground it was limited to 38 km/h to avoid overheatings of the engine and the rubber of the road-wheels.
The suspension of the Type 97 was constitued of a double sprocket-wheel in front, a double idler at rear, 3 double return-rollers and six double road-wheels with rubber edgings. The 4 central road-wheels were assembled on 2 bogies connected by a bent arm which operated a horizontal spring. The 2 other road-wheels had an individual suspension.
The shielding of the Type 97 was assembled by bolting. It was thick from 16 to 33 mm for the frontal shielding, from 9 to 26 mm for the side shielding, from 20 to 26 mm for the back shielding and from 8 to 19 mm for the horizontal shielding. If these thicknesses were acceptable at the end of the Thirties, it had become completely insufficient two years later, easily penetrated by the enemy anti-tank guns even of low caliber.
Model of origin, with the small 2-man turret armed with a 57 mm Type 97 gun with short barrel and weak muzzle velocity (384 m/s).




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RE: Pacific, Heroes and Leaders mod Expansion - 7/24/2020 6:21:32 PM   
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Type 97 Chi-Ha

Part VI


Improved model, equipped with new turret (Shinhoto) lengthened, armed with a 47 mm Type 97 gun with long barrel and high muzzle velocity. This gun was much more effective than the 57 mm Type 97. It could fire piercing shell with a muzzle velocity of 930 m/s and penetrate 68 mm of shielding to 457 m (500 yards). This program was hardly supported and at its startup in 1942, Shinhoto Chi-ha had become completely obsolete compared to of American Sherman and Soviet T-34.
The version of command of the Shinhoto-Chi-ha had a dumb gun.
Shi-Ki was a version of command equipped with aditionnal radio and sight material. A gun of 37 mm or 57 mm was installed in the place of the bow machine-gun.




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RE: Pacific, Heroes and Leaders mod Expansion - 7/25/2020 8:17:52 PM   
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Type 1 Chi-He

Part I


At the beginning of the second world war, the standard Japanese medium tank, the Type 97 Chi-ha had become completely obsolete because lower than its contemporary adversaries on the Allies side, even the light tank M3 Stuart. The weak swiftness of its short gun of 57 mm could not penetrate the shielding of the enemy tanks whereas the vulnerability of its own shielding to the enemy guns was extremely large. In order to replace the type 97, a whole series of medium tanks were developed by the Japanese: the first of the list being Type 1 Chi-He.
Chi-He made its appearance in 1941 but its production did not begin before 1943 because of the little interest caused by the tanks near Japanese Imperial army. A total of 170 specimens were built by Mitsubishi J and Sagami RZ in 1943-1944. These tanks remained in Japan to defend the archipelago and thus were never seen into the combat before the intervention of the atomic bomb. However some Type 1 were used by the 2nd Division during the battle of Leyte in Philippines during the last moments of the war in the Pacific.




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