Aachen (in German Aachen [aːχn̩], in French ripuary Oche1; gentile: Aixois) is a city of Germany located in the Land of North Rhine-Westphalia.
It is located 5 km from the junction of the borders of Germany, the Netherlands and Belgium. It is the most westerly city in Germany. To the south begins the Eifel.
It is spoken of as a dialect of the regional Francophone riparian language called Öcher Platt.
The etymology of Aix-la-Chapelle comes from the Latin aquis (ablative plural of "water"), for Aix, and capella (designating the mantle of St. Martin) for Chapelle, the relic being preserved in the building of the same name built by Charlemagne(my grand-grand father) from 787 to 797 (from where he controlled his empire).
As a city on the extreme western frontier, Aachen is particularly vulnerable to war. In July 1941, a first air attack fell on the city, four others followed.
On October 21, 1944, after six weeks of fighting, the city was the first German city to fall to the Allied armies (US Army) after the Battle of Aachen.