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22. Luftlande-Division OOB

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22. Luftlande-Division OOB - 8/4/2017 5:26:12 PM   

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I have a couple questions about 22. Luftlande division:

- What was its OOB on May 10th 1940?
- How much of it was airlifted for action on Holland?

thanks in advance
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RE: 22. Luftlande-Division OOB - 8/4/2017 5:30:54 PM   

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The 22nd Infantry Division was a specialized German infantry division in World War II.

Created as 22. Infanterie-Division in 1935, one regiment participated in the 1939 Invasion of Poland; the rest of the division stayed in garrison on the Siegfried Line in case of a French attack in defense of Poland. The division retrained as 22. Luftlande-Division (Air Landing Division) for rapid tactical deployment to captured enemy airbases and performed in that role during the invasion of the Netherlands suffering heavy losses, and afterward advanced into France operating as ordinary ground infantry. Though planned for use in its air-landing role for the Battle of Crete, it was replaced by another division at the last minute. It joined Army Group South in Operation Barbarossa (1941), attacking from Romania and, operating exclusively as ordinary ground infantry, helped storm Sevastopol in the Crimea (1942).

The unit was thereafter transferred to Crete for garrison duty and mop-up operations in the Aegean, playing a major role in the Battle of Leros. During September 1943, forces of the unit committed numerous atrocities in Viannos. On 26 April 1944 the divisional commander, Generalmajor Heinrich Kreipe, was abducted by a British Special Operations Executive team led by Major Patrick Leigh Fermor and Capt Bill Stanley Moss. Kreipe's car was ambushed at night on the way from the divisional headquarters at Ano Archanes to the Villa Ariadne at Knossos and he was taken cross-country over the mountains to the south coast where he and his captors were picked up by a British vessel near Rodakino on 14 May. This operation was later portrayed in the book Ill Met by Moonlight (1950) written by Moss based on his wartime diaries, later adapted as a film of the same name. In late summer 1944, forces of the division were involved in more atrocities in Anogeia and Amari.

Withdrawn to the mainland in autumn 1944, the 22. Infanterie-Division spent the rest of the war in anti-partisan operations in Macedonia, Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina in southeastern Europe, was renamed 22. Volksgrenadier-Division in March 1945, as it withdrew to Slavonia and finally surrendered to Yugoslav forces at the end of the war in May in Slovenia.

Generalleutnant Adolf Strauß (15 Oct 1935 - 10 Nov 1938)
Generalleutnant Hans Graf von Sponeck (10 Nov 1938 - 10 Oct 1941)
General der Infanterie Ludwig Wolff (10 Oct 1941 - 1 Aug 1942)
General der Infanterie Friedrich-Wilhelm Müller (1 Aug 1942 - 15 Feb 1944)
Generalmajor Heinrich Kreipe (15 Feb 1944 - 26 Apr 1944)
Generalleutnant Helmut Friebe (1 May 1944 - 15 April 1945)
Generalmajor Gerhard Kühne (16 April 1944 - 15 May 1945)

Orders of Battle
May 1940 - Fall Gelb

Infanterie-Regiment 16
Infanterie-Regiment 47
Infanterie-Regiment 65
Artillerie-Regiment 22
Panzerabwehr-Abteilung 22
Aufklärungs-Abteilung 22
Feldersatz-Bataillon 22
Nachrichten-Bataillon 22
Pionier-Bataillon 22

July 1944 - Crete

Grenadier-Regiment 16
Grenadier-Regiment 47
Grenadier-Regiment 65
Artillerie-Regiment 22
Panzerjäger-Abteilung 22
Aufklärungs-Abteilung 22
Flak-Bataillon 22
Nachrichten-Bataillon 22
Pionier-Bataillon 22
Feldersatz-Bataillon 22

Burkhard Müller-Hillebrand (1969). Das Heer 1933-1945. Entwicklung des organisatorischen Aufbaues (in German). Vol. III: Der Zweifrontenkrieg. Das Heer vom Beginn des Feldzuges gegen die Sowjetunion bis zum Kriegsende. Frankfurt am Main: Mittler. p. 286.
Georg Tessin (1970). Verbände und Truppen der deutschen Wehrmacht und Waffen-SS im Zweiten Weltkrieg, 1939 - 1945 (in German). Vol. IV: Die Landstreitkräfte 15 -30. Frankfurt am Main: Mittler.

(in reply to Jorge_Stanbury)
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RE: 22. Luftlande-Division OOB - 8/5/2017 3:40:27 PM   

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Conflict with the unexpected: two qualities are indispensable; first, an intellect which, even in the midst of this obscurity, is not without some traces of inner light which lead to the truth; second, the courage to follow this faint light. KvC

(in reply to AbwehrX)
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RE: 22. Luftlande-Division OOB - 8/5/2017 5:45:20 PM   

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Joined: 2/29/2012
From: Toronto and Lima
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22 Luftlande was part of the Wehrmacht, so not a Luftwaffe's Fallschirmjäger division

And by looking at the OOB: 3 regiments of infantry, one of artillery, plus support, AT, AA, pioneers, etc... Looks like a typical German army division, but probably trained to deploy from transports
or at least the infantry and light AT/ mortars components as I don't see how could they transport their heavy artillery, trucks, horses?? with Ju-52s

There is not a lot of information in the web about its participation on Holland campaign, other than it suffered heavy losses

< Message edited by Jorge_Stanbury -- 8/5/2017 5:54:30 PM >

(in reply to Jagdtiger14)
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