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RE: Heroes and Leaders mod - 3/12/2019 8:22:44 PM   
asl3d


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The H-677 was a casemate able to contain up to a Pak 43/41 88 mm, without auxiliary premises. Built using steel bars and a whole lot of concrete, these types of bunkers were a creation of German engineering. Seen on the beaches of Normandy, it held the powerful and famous 88mm (8.8 cm) PaK 43/41 towed anti-tank gun which delivered a serious punch when struck fired. These bunkers would usually be put at both ends of the beach so it's line of fire would cover the entire beach. At Omaha Beach it had two of these bunkers, while at the rest of the beaches, there was typically only one. It was constructed with a concrete wall on the outside that would be able to deflect incoming enemy fire. Most of these would be covered by earth or camoflage nets to stay hidden from reconaissance planes. Some were even painted in a camoflage pattern, but it depended on the local unit. A total of about 146 of these were created and placed on the Atlantic Wall.
Design plans were to be rigidly conformed to, however, it is estimated that less than half of the casemates, bunkers and shelters that comprise the Atlantic Wall in France adhered to the blueprints laid down by the designers and engineers of the Festungspionere Korps (Fortress Engineering Corps). Fluctuations in terrain accounted for most deviations, particularly in the actual location of the various components of a battery or strongpoint. The shortage of essential materials also caused builders to compromise on the designated quality of bunkers as the war progressed. But, that said, the various types of concrete defences remaining to this day are, by and large, still recognisable as to the purpose for which they were intended.
Tobruk or ringstand (ringstiinde) are among the most prolific as they were incorporated into virtually every fortification that could support them, including kitchens, stores and wash houses, while the R621 personnel bunker (Gruppenstand), and associated R501 are also numerous as are the H667 and H677. However, the most recognisable structure are the Sturm or reinforced casemates prevalent in the large shore batteries. The photograph of a German soldier stood alongside one of the massive guns of the Batterie Lindemann in the Pas de Calais endosed in its three metre thick casemate is one of the iconic images of the Second World War and one used frequently by Nazi propagandists to convince both the German people and possible invaders that the Atlantic Wall was an impregnable barrier. But the true situation was that there remained many long-range guns, particularly those under the control of the army, and their crews on the Atlantic Wall, particularly around the landing beaches, that had minimal protection from attack on D-Day.





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RE: Heroes and Leaders mod - 3/13/2019 6:50:49 PM   
asl3d


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The Tobruk or "ringstellung" is basically a reinforced foxhole, some with a small, two-man habitat attached to it. The simplest version is named Bauform 201 or 58c, but a a variety of bunkers emerged from it. Tobruks are also an integral part of many larger bunkers, where they serve as observation posts and machinegun positions.
The tobruk Panzerstellung were the most common type of fortified position along the Normandy coast, and existed in a wide range of styles. More officially termed "Ringstanden," they were all characterized by a single circular opening for a weapon. There were two basic types, the Vf58c and Vf58d, which differed in construction details. The tobruks were most commonly used as machine-gun pits, armed with a wide variety of machine-gun types. Another very common type, theVf6 I a, was designed for 50mm mortars, and had a small concrete platform in the center for supporting the mortar. Generally tobruks offered a small shelter behind the ring opening to provide cover for the crew during bombardment.Access was through a door in the side or rear of the structure. Since the tobruks were only protected to Class B I standards (I .5m or less) they were generally constructed flush to the ground so that the earth formed an additional layer of protection. In this configuration, they presented a very difficult target for Allied troops, as they were not easily visible and could only be knocked out by a direct hit. In some cases, tobruks were mounted along the seawall immediately along the water's edge. In these cases, the preferred solution was to construct thicker walls than the Class B I standards, though there were many cases where the lesser standards were followed for the sake of economy.
While the tobruks were better than earth entrenchments, they were not as resistant to attack as the types of fully enclosed machine-gun bunkers found in the Westwall or in the Festung ports. Since their principal weapon was situated in a circular opening, they could be disabled by close infantry attack. By contrast, the fully enclosed machine-gun bunkers required far more substantial means, often point-blank fire from large-caliber artillery.





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RE: Heroes and Leaders mod - 3/14/2019 8:01:13 PM   
asl3d


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Organization Todt (OT), the German labour organization, received the assignment of constructing the new fortifications. The initial work did not begin as part of the fortified line that became known as the Atlantic Wall, but rather as a series of coastal positions designed for supporting an invasion and closing the Straits of Dover to shipping. These heavy batteries, which had protection against aerial and naval bombardment, later came to symbolize the strength of the Atlantic Wall and became the focus of propaganda films.
In 1942 the Organisation Todt built H-625 and H-626 flanking casemates for 75mm anti-tank guns. These two types, which were similar to each other, included quarters for the crew and a magazine. In late 1943 the Organisation Todt began building the simpler H-680 75mm anti-tank gun casemate in large numbers. This type had only a small ammunition storage area. At about the same time the H-677 (similar to the H-680) for an 88mm anti-tank gun started appearing. Over 130 bunkers of each type were built. In 1943 the army dropped plans for the construction of additional H-631s and opted for the smaller and simpler H-676, which consisted only of a gunroom. There were several designs of casemate for the 50mm tank gun, but the most popular was the H-667, originally one of the Kleinst-Schartenstande or small combat bunkers that began to appear in 1943. Its simple layout was reminiscent of the H-676 and required half as much concrete. Over 500 units were completed, surpassed in numbers only by the more than 600 H-612 casemates for assault guns ranging from 75mm to 105mm.
German Kriegsmarine and Heer gun batteries were spread fairly evenly behind the D-Day landing beaches in Normandy but the fortified strongpoints were more concentrated on the eastern flank, where the coastline was more accessible.
The H669 was a casemate for field gun, without auxiliary premises. The H-669 was less than half the size of the H-611 and consisted only of a gunroom of about the same size and two small storage chambers for a limited supply of ammunition. The H-670, the H-671 and the H-679 were even smaller, but they still accommodated the same types of weapon as the larger ones on a pivoting mount. The H-679 could mount a 155mm gun.





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RE: Heroes and Leaders mod - 3/14/2019 8:51:01 PM   
CHINCHIN

 

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Buf!! It will be hard to take the beaches!

Very well made units.

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RE: Heroes and Leaders mod - 3/15/2019 11:21:50 AM   
rico21

 

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I'm happy to find more crazy than me!

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RE: Heroes and Leaders mod - 3/15/2019 6:42:51 PM   
asl3d


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One version of the tobruk commonly seen on the Normandy beaches was the Panzerstellung, equipped with a tank turret. These were sometimes based on the standard Vf67v tobruk, but also on modified types including a common but non-standard U-shaped tobruk. These usually used turrets from captured French tanks and the two most common types in Normandy were the World War I Renault FT tank turrets and the later APX-R turret.The APX-R turret was developed by the Atelier de Puteaux in 1935 for the Renault firm, hence the APX-R designation. It was initially used on the Renault R-35 infantry tank, though it was later used on the Hotchkiss H-35 and H-39 cavalry tank as well. It was gradually upgraded with better visors switching from the initial binocular "fente Estienne" to the improved PPLRX-I 80P armored periscope in the APX-RI turret, which had a wide field of view. There were three production/armament configurations of this turret, the L.7I3 with the initial 37mm S.A. 18, the L739 turret with the slightly improved 37mm S.A. 18 M.37, and the L767 with the new long-barreled 37mm S.A. 38. However, the latter weapon was usually reserved for Renault and Hotchkiss tanks used by the Wehrmacht for anti-partisan fighting while the two earlier types of turret with the short S.A. I8 were used on the tobruks. These turrets also had a coaxial machine gun, generally the 7.5mm Modele 31. In some cases, the Wehrmacht modified the turret by cutting open the observation dome at the top and installing a split hatch in its place.
The turret was manned by a single gunner and in the original tank version, a leather strap seat was suspended from the turret ring. In some cases this was removed and the gunner simply stood. The standard Wehrmacht practice was to man these tobruks with at least two soldiers, the second of whom assisted the gunner by providing ammunition. There was no formal ammunition stowage in these bunkers; the ammunition was usually stored in its shipping containers, which in the case of French 37mm ammunition was a simple wooden box. There was an access hatch in the back of the turret, but access into the tobruk was usually through the bunker door.
Besides the fighting bunkers, there were a variety of other defensive bunkers in the strongpoints. Typically, each strongpoint would have two or three personnel and command bunkers. There was generally not enough space in these bunkers to house the entire strongpoint garrison, but rather they were used for sleeping by a portion of the platoon or company while on watch duty. For example, on Omaha Beach, there were enough personnel bunkers for about 50-60 percent of the garrison. So at WN62, there was a single 20-man bunker for the usual alert group, but when fully manned the strongpoint had over 30 troops.





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RE: Heroes and Leaders mod - 3/15/2019 6:49:34 PM   
asl3d


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quote:

ORIGINAL: CHINCHIN

Buf!! It will be hard to take the beaches!

Very well made units.


Well, the American infantry did not have it easy either.

Do not forget that all scenarios can be won, although at first it may seem difficult.

Surely you will enjoy the "bloody Omaha" beaches.

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RE: Heroes and Leaders mod - 3/15/2019 6:55:38 PM   
asl3d


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quote:

ORIGINAL: rico21

I'm happy to find more crazy than me!


Welcome to the ruins of Stalingrad and Normandy.

I want to take this opportunity to congratulate you for the excellent work you have done in TotH.

Is awesome!

I thought I had a very complete collection of SL and ASL scenarios but, obviously, I was very wrong.

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Post #: 458
RE: Heroes and Leaders mod - 3/16/2019 6:39:04 PM   
asl3d


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In the observation of fire, the greatest reliance by the Germans was placed on forward observers. The artillery forward observer (Vorgeschobene Beobachter) played a decisive part in the success of infantry. In the attack he accompanied the infantry, and was assisted by a radio operator. If the attack was stopped, the observer directed the attack for fire at the enemy's resistance points and was driving the infantry to the next assault. In static warfare, the observer ordered the destructive fire against the enemy and also the cover fire to help his own troops. He also directed the destructive fire against the enemy infantry that he was about to attack or that he was actually attacking. The results of this are shown not only in the effective cooperation between the two arms, but in the existence of a spirit of brotherhood in combat: the advanced artillery observer became the best friend of the infantry.
German spotters tended to be attached to a given gun battery. American and British platoons could expect artillery support within 5–10 minutes of a call for assistance. The Germans required closer to half an hour. Partially this is organization and availability, partially this is the lack of telecommunications infrastructure in the German military. Germans could also do map based fire (“blind”) or impromptu fire spotted by an Forward Observer. Their impromptu fire was dependent on have accurately surveyed the battery’s position and firing positions for the Forward Observer; it also involved complicated maths by the battery when called upon, and hence was slow to arrive, about 15 min from call to shell fall. The Germans carefully accounted for a range of factors (elevation changes, wind, temperature, etc.). That meant, although slow, they tended to be quite accurate. Firing time against a previous target, or near a previous target, was faster as they kept their previous calculations. If the Germans had time to prepare they pre-plotted (“registered”) firing points so that effective fire could be quickly delivered as needed.
In the initial phase of the German attack the organization was still widely dispersed, allowing as many gun tubes as possible to engage the enemy at any given time. At that moment combat reconnaissance has gone ahead and finds obstacles as well as the forward edge of the enemy lines, if that has not already been done by dismounted patrols earlier. It was extremely important during this critical phase of the attack that the enemy is prevented from aimed fire of his weapons through indirect fire of friendly forces, either in the form of preparatory fires or on-call ones. The Vorgeschobene Beobachter in their SPW's had to be positioned far enough forward in the organization that, driving from one observation point to the next, they could maintain continuous observation of the battlefield. If it was possible, each lead company should be directed to coordinate with a forward observer. The tactical leaders called for artillery support. The permission to fire was obtained from the commander of the formation (Gefechtsverband: e.g., battalion or regiment).





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RE: Heroes and Leaders mod - 3/17/2019 6:27:51 PM   
asl3d


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H&L German Spotters full




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Post #: 460
RE: Heroes and Leaders mod - 3/18/2019 6:37:43 PM   
asl3d


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American Eagles Grand Chemin is coming




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RE: Heroes and Leaders mod - 3/19/2019 7:26:19 PM   
asl3d


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The release 3.0 of Heroes and Leaders mod is already available in the thread “Core of Heroes and Leaders mod,” in the post # 1:

http://www.matrixgames.com/forums/tm.asp?m=4354865#

The main news are:

1.- US Infantry, except PTO (Marines, early US Army)
2.- US Landing crafts of the European Theater Operations
3.- US Aircrafts, except the Marines aircrafts and part of the navy
4.- German and US Spotters
5.- US Corpsman and Wehrmacht Sanitatsdienste
6.- Bunkers and batteries of the German Atlantic Wall
7.- New terrain file for the Historical Modules "American Eagles" and “Omaha.”
8.- New Sprites file
9.- New Events file
10.- New Miscellaneous file.
11.- New Units file.
12.- New rules
13.- Full scenarios of Historical Modules Carentan and Barrikady.
14.- Full panels for Historical Modules Carentan and Barrikady.


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Post #: 462
RE: Heroes and Leaders mod - 3/22/2019 6:52:44 PM   
asl3d


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Le Grand Chemin full board, first scenario of Module Historic American Eagles




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RE: Heroes and Leaders mod - 3/22/2019 11:10:30 PM   
delta07d

 

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quote:

Le Grand Chemin full board, first scenario of Module Historic American Eagles


Excellent, love the map cant wait for the new scenarios!!!

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Post #: 464
RE: Heroes and Leaders mod - 3/23/2019 6:14:37 PM   
asl3d


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quote:

ORIGINAL: delta07d

quote:

Le Grand Chemin full board, first scenario of Module Historic American Eagles


Excellent, love the map cant wait for the new scenarios!!!


Thank you very much delta07d.

The American Eagles Le Grand Chemin board will also be used in the historical Module Omaha.

Several boards of American Eagles will reappear in Omaha, some of them with small modifications to solve their compatibility with the rest of adjacent boards.

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RE: Heroes and Leaders mod - 3/24/2019 6:09:19 PM   
asl3d


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American Eagles full boards until now




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RE: Heroes and Leaders mod - 3/25/2019 7:28:58 PM   
asl3d


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AE Sainte Mere Eglise town




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RE: Heroes and Leaders mod - 3/26/2019 7:07:33 PM   
asl3d


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AE Sainte Mere Eglise East




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RE: Heroes and Leaders mod - 3/27/2019 7:29:27 PM   
asl3d


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AE Sainte Mere Eglise North




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RE: Heroes and Leaders mod - 3/28/2019 6:57:32 PM   
asl3d


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AE Sainte Mere Eglise South




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RE: Heroes and Leaders mod - 3/29/2019 6:00:53 PM   
asl3d


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American Eagles Sainte Mère Eglise scenario




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RE: Heroes and Leaders mod - 3/30/2019 5:02:29 PM   
asl3d


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American Eagles full boards until now




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RE: Heroes and Leaders mod - 3/31/2019 8:29:33 PM   
asl3d


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Sainte Mere Eglise full board, second scenario of Historical Module American Eagles




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RE: Heroes and Leaders mod - 4/4/2019 6:14:16 PM   
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Omaha Dog Green Widerstandsneste 71




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RE: Heroes and Leaders mod - 4/5/2019 6:19:13 PM   
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Omaha Dog Green D1 Draw




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RE: Heroes and Leaders mod - 4/6/2019 6:17:29 PM   
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Omaha Dog Green beach




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RE: Heroes and Leaders mod - 4/7/2019 7:58:13 PM   
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Omaha Dog Green Widerstandsneste 72




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RE: Heroes and Leaders mod - 4/8/2019 6:41:43 PM   
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Omaha Vierville Widerstandsneste 71




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RE: Heroes and Leaders mod - 4/9/2019 6:27:32 PM   
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Omaha Vierville D1 Draw




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RE: Heroes and Leaders mod - 4/10/2019 6:17:07 PM   
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Omaha Vierville to town




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