I think everyone here is always forgetting that most historical battle reports involve lightly wounded in casualty reports, while in WitE these men are never listed as losses, because most of those men were back to the front in less than a week. To me, lightly wounded are represented by disrupted elements, which are converted to fatigue after combat, and fatigue in turn reduces combat power of a unit, decreases efficiency of repairs, and increases likelihood of elements becoming damaged when the unit will move again during the same turn. For combat losses to be higher (representing lightly wounded), they should be matched by high returns from disabled. This is not the case, and disabled are nearly the same as killed in WitE. So, you can't really look at a single battle (especially with the method men losses are calculated at the moment), but turn-to-turn losses, counting killed and disabled as your permanent losses. Higher losses would require much higher manpower return rates, so that they would be only temporary. Of course, that would result in a different dynamics to operations. There is also the problem of the model, where you can't have separate status of men from their equipment, the whole element can only be ready, damaged or lost, and only upon unpairing the men from the equipment (when going back to pool or being destroyed) are the men allowed to be processed individually and either killed, captured, disabled or being made ready again. Therefore it's hard to represent individual losses amongst squads or in the crews. An element that becomes damaged and then is made ready again is assumed to have lost no men to injury or illness at all. I am trying to increase losses a bit for the next patch, but as Michael T says (and loki100 can confirm from his own experience) it's better to do it in small steps. The only extensive and comparable data set that I have access and use to find out the impact of my changes are tests made from running AIvsAI games for the first 10 turns in all the campaign scenarios (41, 42, StoB, 43, 44) and Vistula to Berlin for 1945 data. Currently Soviet losses (excluding captured) in 1941 run at some 52k per week, Axis at 19k per week. IMHO this is higher than actual German KIA losses as shown on the Wiki ( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/German_casualties_in_World_War_II ), even if we take into account that some of those 19k are Axis allies.