From: Eastern US
A survey of US Army PTO Divisions & Commanders:
I'm "scrubbing" the WitP US Army leader file for CHS. Here are some observations about the division commanders:
WitP does a good job of including US Army division commanders. There were only two division commanders with significant PTO combat experience that I could not find in the Scenario 15 database.
But the "at start" generals commanding each division are often wrong. WitP includes generals that had relinquished command a year before their division arrives in-game; or commanders from 1943 and 1944 leading a division in 1941.
For the sake of consistency, in the CHS I’m proposing that the designated division commanders be the historic commander when the division first arrives in-game, with a couple of exceptions for obvious “training” commanders who were replaced once the division was ready to deploy for combat.
I have bolded the name of my recommended commander for each division. If there is no change I wrote “Same” beneath the name of the WitP-assigned commander. The numbers in parenthesis after each commander, e.g. MG Swift, I.P. (16147) are from the leader database file. I've also offered a brief history of the division, to show who led it into combat.
As I don’t pretend to be an expert, and all of my sources are online, I’d appreciate anyone scanning the list for errors / omissions. My primary source is The Combat Chronicles of U.S. Army Divisions in World War II. (http://www.army.mil/cmh-pg/lineage/cc/cc.htm)
1st Cavalry Division: arrives 5/43
MG Mudge, V.D. (15929/15930)
MG Swift, I.P. (16147)
Innis P. Swift led the division from the beginning of the war (4/41 - 8/44) and into combat in the Admiralty Islands in 2/44. Swift was promoted to succeed Eichelberger in command of I Corps. Verne Mudge commanded the 1st Cavalry from 8/44 to 2/45, including the invasion of Leyte. Mudge was followed by BG Hugh Hoffman (15723) (2/45-7/45) then MG William C. Chase (15375) who had earlier commanded the 38th Division.
3rd Division: arrives 9999
MG Truscott, L.K. (16172)
MG Anderson, J.W. (15231)
The 3rd Division is apparently one of the hard-coded reinforcements that immediately appear if the Japanese invade the US West Coast. It arrives in Seattle, incidentally. By the time Lucian Truscott commanded the division (4/43) it had already shipped out to Europe. A better command choice is MG Jonathon W. Anderson, who led the division from 4/42-4/43, a more vulnerable period. Another option is MG John P. Lucas (15847) who led the 3rd from 12/41 – 4/42.
Trivia: One would be hard-pressed to find a better initial trio of American division commanders than Anderson (later commanded X Corps and XVI Corps); Lucas (III Corps, VI Corps, Fourth Army); and Truscott (VI Corps, Fifth Army).
6th Division: arrives 7/43
MG Ridley, C.S. (16042)
MG Sibert, F.C. (16098)
Clarence Ridley trained the division from 1/41 – 8/42. MG Durward Wilson (16239) also trained the division before deployment (8/42-10/42), after first training the 24th Division. But when the 6th becomes available in WitP, Franklin Sibert is the commander, and he led it from 10/42-8/44 including its first combat in New Guinea until he was promoted to command X Corps. MG Edwin D. Patrick succeeded Sibert. Patrick (8/44 – 3/45), who commanded the 6th during the Luzon invasion, and the 11th Airborne’s J.F. Swing are the only US army division commanders with extensive combat experience who are not in the WitP database. MG Charles Hurdis (15747) commanded after Patrick, from 3/45 to the war’s end.
7th Division: available at start
MG Corlett, C.H. (15410)
Brown, A.E. (15327)
IRL, the 7th Division did not deploy overseas until April, 1943. In WitP, though, the division is available 12/41. MG C.H. White (not in database) led the 7th until 10/42, followed by MG A.E. Brown (15327) who took the division into combat, invading Attu in April, 1943. Brown was relieved during the Aleutians campaign by Admiral Kincaid, and temporarily replaced by MG Landrum (not in database) and BG Arnold (15238) before Corlett took over, leading the 7th in the Kwajalien invasion. Corlett commanded the division in combat from 9/43 – 2/44, when he was promoted to command the XIX Corps in Europe. When Corlett left to take over the XIX Corps, Arnold was promoted to MG, and commanded the 7th until the end of the war, including the amphibious invasions of Leyte and Okinawa.
Trivial note: MG Landrum himself was later relieved of command of the 90th Division, in France.
11th Airborne Division: available 5/44
MG Swing, J.F. (Not in database)
In WitP the regiments of the 11th Airborne (the 187th and 188th Glider, and the 511th Parachute) arrive separately, which means the division commander is left out of the Swing of things. In November, 1944 the 11th amphibiously invaded Leyte; it subsequently amphibiously invaded Luzon and drove on Manila. MG Joseph F. Swing commanded the division from its organization until the end of the war.
24th Division: available at start
MG Wilson, D.S. (16239)
MG Irving, F.A. (15752)
Durward Wilson trained the 24th Division until 8/42, then was transferred to “train up” the 6th Division for two months, and finally was given command of an infantry training center. The 24th built coastal defenses in northern Oahu until 9/43, when it transferred to Australia. MG Frederick Irving (8/42 – 11/44) led the 24th into combat in New Guinea and Leyte. If Irving is given command, his availability date should be moved up to 410612. Irving was succeeded by MG Roscoe Woodruff (16247) (11/44 – war’s end) who returned from commanding the VII Corps in Europe to supervise the amphibious invasions of Luzon, Mindoro, Mindanao and Corregidor. Woodruff had earlier trained the 77th Division.
25th Division: available at start
MG Mullins, C.L. (15932)
MG Collins, J.L. (15403)
Charles Mullins did not command the 25th until 1/44. MG Maxwell Murray (15936) trained the division until 4/42, then MG Joseph Lawton Collins (4/42 to 1/44) led the division into combat at Guadalcanal and New Georgia. “Lightning Joe” Collins was promoted to command the VII Corps, in Europe. Mullins led the division in the Leyte campaign.
27th Division: arrives 6/42
LTG Haskell, W.N. (15680)
MG Smith, R.C. (16107/16110)
Haskell never commanded the 27th, or any other division in the PTO. BG Ralph Pennell (not in database) led the division when it arrives in WitP. The division never fought as a unified command. MG Smith led the 27th from 11/42 – 5/44, when elements participated in the invasions of Makin and Eniwetok. Smith then swapped commands with MG George Griner (15637), who had been training the 98th Division. Griner led the 27th through the rest of the war, including Saipan and Okinawa.
31st Division: arrives 3/44
MG Persons, J.C. (15984)
MG John C. Persons led the 31st from 11/40 through 9/44, including its first combat in New Guinea in 7/44. He was succeeded by MG Clarence Martin (15868) who led the division through the invasions of Morotai (9/44) and Mindanao (4/45).
32nd Division: available at start
MG Gill, W.H. (15611/ 15612)
MG Harding, E.F. (15668)
MG Gill did not command the 32nd until 2/43. MG Irving Fish (15546) trained the division until 3/42. When the division shipped out to Australia (5/42) then deployed for combat around Port Moresby in late 1942 it was led by Edwin Harding (4/42 – 1/43). Gill subsequently led the division through its heaviest fighting in New Guinea, Leyte and Luzon.
33rd Division: arrives 7/43
MG Lawton, S.T. (15826)
MG Clarkson, P.W. (15387)
Samuel Lawton led the 33rd division until 5/42, before it arrives in WitP. MG Frank Mahin (15859) also briefly trained the division. The 33rd went overseas for further training under MG John Millikin (15911) (8/42 – 9/43). Percy Clarkson commanded from 9/43 when it first saw combat aggressively patrolled near Sarmi through the end of war, including campaigns for Morotai and Luzon. Clarkson is incorrectly listed as the X corps commander in the WitP database.
Trivial note: Millikin had an interesting career. He was promoted to command III Corps in Europe, but was relieved in part for going too slow around Remagen, and in part to make a command available for James Van Fleet. Unusually for a relieved officer, Millikin was given a division command – the 13th Armored – which was slated to return to the PTO for the invasion of Japan when the war ended.
37th Division: arrives 6/42
MG Beightler, R.S. (15268/ 15269)
Robert Beightler commanded the 37th for the entire war.
The 37th deployed to Fiji in 6/42, and trained there and on Guadalcanal until 7/43 when it joined the Solomons campaign. In 1/45 it participated in the amphibious assault at Lingayen, and the subsequent Luzon campaign.
38th Division: arrives 1/44
MG Sultan, D.I. (16142)
MG Jones, H.L. (15763)
Daniel Sultan trained the division until 4/42, before it arrives in WitP. Sultan went to Europe to command the VIII Corps. Henry L.L. Jones led the 38th from 4/42 – 2/45, when the division moved to New Guinea for training (7/44), fought in Leyte (12/44) then landed in Luzon (1/45). He was succeeded by MG William Chase (15375), who later commanded the 1st Cavalry Division, then MG Frederick Irving, who had previously commanded the 24th Division. The 38th fought in Luzon, and invaded nearby islands, until the war’s end.
40th Division: available at start
MG Brush, R. (15333)
The division deployed on 8/42. Rapp Brush took the 40th to war, commanding the division from 4/42 to 7/45. The division was deployed to defend Hawaii on 9/42, then to Guadalcanal for training 1/44. It participated in the New Britain campaign, 4/44, but saw little fighting. The 40th assaulted Luzon 12/44, then Panay and Negros 3/45. MG Ernest Dawley (15445) previously led the division until 4/42. After Brush, BG Donalf Myers (not in database) commanded the division during occupation duty on Panay.
41st Division: available at start
MG Fuller, H.H. (15583)
Horace Fuller led the division from 11/41 – 6/44. The 40th deployed to Australia 4/42 for training. It joined the fight for Port Moresby 1/43, and fought throughout the New Guinea campaign. Under MG Jens Doe (15470) the division landed in Palawan and Mindanao (2/45).
43rd Division: available 9/42
MG Wing, L.F. (16240)
MG Hester, J.H. (15702/15703)
MG Leonard Wing led the division from 8/43 until the end of the war. But MG John Hester (8/41-7/43) took the division into combat. Under Hester, the 43rd deployed to New Zealand and Espirtu Santo for training 10/42. It joined the Solomons campaign 6/43. Under Wing, the division fought in New Guinea (7/44) and invaded Luzon (2/45).
77th Division: available 3/44
MG Bruce, A.D. (15331)
Andrew Bruce (5/43 – end) led the 77th from the time it was deployed. On 3/44 the division was sent to Hawaii, from where it participated in the 7/44 invasion of Guam, followed by fighting in Leyte (11/44) and the invasion of Okinawa and surrounding islands (3/45). The earlier commanders were MG Robert Eichelberger (15502), (3/42-6/42) who was promoted to command I Corps, and Roscoe Woodruff (16247) (6/42-5/43) who went to Europe to command the VII Corps and later returned to command the 24th Division in combat.
Trivia Note: Famed war correspondent Ernie Pyle was killed while accompanying the 77th on the Ie Shima invasion in the Okinawa campaign.
81st Division: available 7/44
MG Mueller, P.J. (15931)
Paul Mueller (8/42 – end) commanded the 81st throughout its active life. The 81st deployed to Hawaii on 6/44, and invaded the Palaus 9/44. On 5/45 it was sent to Leyte for mop-up duty.
93rd Division: available 1/44
MG Miller, F.W. (15909)
MG Lehman, R.G. (15830)
Fred Miller led the 93rd before it was available for deployment (10/42-5/43). Another training commander was Charles P. Hall (15660) (5/42 – 10/42) who was promoted to command XI Corps. Raymond Lehman (5/43 – 8/44) took the division into combat. The 93rd deployed to Guadalcanal for training 1/44, then joined the fighting at Bougainville, 3/44. Under Lehman and his successor, MG Harry H. Johnson (15761), the division fought in New Guinea, the Northern Solomons, and the Bismarck Archipelago until the end of the war.
96th Division: available 7/44
MG Bradley, J.L. (15304)
James Bradley commanded the 96th Division during its entire life in WWII. The division deployed to Hawaii on 7/44, assaulted Leyte on 10/44, then invaded Okinawa on 4/45.
98th Division: available 4/44
MG Smith, R.C. (16107/16110)
MG Griner, G.W. (15637)
Ralph C. Smith commanded the 27th Division until 5/44, and then took over the 98th. The 98th never saw combat. Right after the division deployed to Hawaii (4/44) Smith swapped commands with MG George Griner (11/43 – 6/44). During training, MG Paul Ransom (16027) (9/42 – 11/43) commanded the division.
Americal Division: available 3/42
MG Patch, A.M. (15970)
The Americal was activated in New Caledonia on 3/42 and entered combat on Guadalcanal 10/42.. Alexander Patch was its first commander (3/42 – 12/42) and led it in combat until he was promoted to command the XIV Corps, then eventually inheriting command of the Seventh Army in France from George Patton.. Patch was succeeded by MG Edmund Sebree (16084), MG John R. Hodge (15719/15720) – who took the division into action on Bougainville (12/43) and who later commanded the XXIV Corps, MG Robert McClure (15883) and MG William Arnold (15239), under whom the division cleared out several islands in the Southern Philippines, including Leyte, Samar and Cebu, beginning 1/45.
The Philippine Division: available at start
MG Wainwright, J. M. (16203)
Like the 11th Airborne, the Philippine Division is divided into its component pieces at start, leaving MG Wainwright without a job, in-game. The P.D. retreated to Bataan and was finally overwhelmed on 4/42.
< Message edited by Blackhorse -- 11/12/2005 10:53:52 AM >
WitP-AE -- US LCU & AI Stuff
Oddball: Why don't you knock it off with them negative waves? Why don't you dig how beautiful it is out here? Why don't you say something righteous and hopeful for a change?