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"ROC" (NRA) Parachute Units

 
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"ROC" (NRA) Parachute Units - 1/11/2018 2:58:42 PM   
el cid again

 

Posts: 16305
Joined: 10/10/2005
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While working on a paper for a USAF intelligence group (CASI =
Chinese Aerospace Studies Institute) I unintentionally came
across a reference to the formation of the first PLA airborne
unit. It was formed using the "3rd Parachute Regiment" which
had defected in 1949, a time when the PLAAF was being organized.
I could not find any reference to such units in the ROC official
history - so I assume the lineage was not a proud one. [That is,
in The History of the Sino-Japanese War, 1937-1945]. But I did
find surprising details on the "1st Parachute Regiment" on a site
dedicated to medals. This unit formed about the beginning of April
1944. In January 1945 it was broken into six 200 man "Commando"
units for operations with a US special operations force. [That
indicates about a 1200 strong battalion]. The program was supposed
to expand to twenty Commando's, using other NRA soldiers selected
by the US, but the program seems to have failed for lack of quality
in the recruits and failure to permit screening as agreed - it
may be no more than those six Commando's were formed at all. Still -
we now have a new kind of ROC military formation, and some idea of
their number and size. Also that one of them participated in the
wholesale changing of sides in 1949. [This likely was because the
unit was located in a place where escape was no longer likely, and
discretion seemed the better part of valor]. ROC Army today does
have parachute trained SOF troops - in small formations - but they
make no reference to a historical lineage I could find. [One woman
corporal was hurt in a training accident not long ago; her story
made the local press. Interesting that, just as PLA has women
Recon Marines, so ROC Army has women para's].
Post #: 1
RE: "ROC" (NRA) Parachute Units - 1/11/2018 4:08:10 PM   
Yaab


Posts: 3167
Joined: 11/8/2011
From: Poland
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NRA? Wouldn't the parachutists be actually a part of SACO?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sino-American_Cooperative_Organization

< Message edited by Yaab -- 1/11/2018 4:09:08 PM >

(in reply to el cid again)
Post #: 2
RE: "ROC" (NRA) Parachute Units - 1/12/2018 5:46:09 PM   
el cid again

 

Posts: 16305
Joined: 10/10/2005
Status: offline
Maybe the Commando's formed from January 1945 were, but the three regiments
formed in 1944 were not. They were, apparently, essentially Chinese light
infantry taught to use parachutes. The US Army wanted to create raider units
and was given one of the regiments - which it broke into six parts - and to
which it assigned some US officers. As far as I can tell, the plan to create
20 of these units failed entirely - for lack of cooperation and poor quality
of the troops from other units (not the first parachute regiment). Reading
between the lines of the data (on a heraldry site dedicated to ribbons after all)
it looks a lot like the general story of frustration Stillwell reports time
and again. Hard to get any deal, and then the deal is not very well honored
in the execution.

(in reply to Yaab)
Post #: 3
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