If this new "Space Corps" were to be created and a subsidiary of the Air Force, wouldn't it make sense to just rename the whole branch "United States Aerospace Force".
And what would be the initial operations, units and responsibilities of this "Space Corps"?
off the top of my head:
-Taking over all US military satellite operations
-Operations of any ASAT weapons except those that might be on US Navy ships, so if something like the ASM-135 ( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ASM-135_ASAT ) were to be put into active service, the Space Corps would have it's own squadrons of launch aircraft.
-Possible responsibility for Ballistic Missile Defense? (like ASAT, except the defense systems on USN ships)
-Operations of whatever the hell the X-37 is, and any successor craft.
-Eventual Space Combat Units, when warfare is brought beyond Earth's atmosphere at some point in the future.
It would take over all of USAF's operational space functions:
- Space Situational Awareness: surveillance of the low orbit with the network of ground station, surveillance of high orbits including the GEO belt through ground stations and satellites (for instance GSSAP)
- Space Weather
- CounterSpace capabilities. The only public one is the Counter Space Communication jammers
- Orbital control of USAF satellites, and maybe all US satellites in case of emergency
- Maybe control of space communications. Reconnaissance would still be handled by the NRO I think
- Maybe control of SBIRS for missile launch detection
- Probably the ASAT program (at least the SM-3 mod that can shoot low orbit satellites)
And then it would probably be an organic command for everything space-related, except reconnaissance satellites.