I beleave around 600,000 civilians lost thier lives as a result of bombing, and around 200,000 were from the "A"-bombs, so up till around Auast 6-9 they had acrued aprox 400,000 civilian deaths. Of course as the Fog of War documentrary showed the damage to their infastructure was considerable. This is somewhat misleading though, like in Germany the damage done to the war machine was not quiet as bad as one might think. The real isue for Japan like German was the loss of Oil. Japan unlike Germany though was starving to death, this the result of the ever tighting nuse around her via the Naval blocade, and the Minning campagine virtualy paralised the remaning Metal/Steal hulled merchant marine. Howeaver the 200,000 tons or so of woden hulled merchant ships were not hampered my the influance mines the B-29's droped and were still brining food from the Korean pensulia and Manchuko, the problem was that as I recal the crops were bad that year and even this was not suficient to sustain Japans food neads.
Stratigic bombing of cittys in WW2 wheather it be in England or Germany or Japan was shown realy to only resolve the peoples of the subjected nations to continue to fight, in fact it realy only strengthed their resolve. Germany totals for the war in terms of cashualtis from boming excape me but I know they were far higher, and after a point their was very little they could do eiter, Figures for Dresdine alone are stagering somthing like 200k from all atacks from the RAF and the USAAF over a few days is what I ahve sean, but I know their are conflicting numbers given the huge number of refugies in the City they likely will never know just how many died.
I dont mean to seam as though I belitiling the loss of life but in Japans case 400,000 deaths priour to the "A"-bomb is realy not all that much, we(USA) lost I beleave around 400,000 combat related deaths, Russia of course lost from 22 to 28 million people during the war depending on your source, which I think the later figure includes the Russian internal ethnic cleansing in the Ukrain.
As noted above given that the civialin deth tole was a lot but not a stagering number given just how big Japans population base realy was, and that the damage to industry was not compleat(just like In Germany), and their cultrial disposation was to fight on till the last man, one wopuld think it would of been a forgone conclushion they would continue to fight. My understanding is that priour to droping of the "A" bomb in July they were close to Surendering largely becuase of the Aproach to Okinawa and it's capture, and the Oil and Food situation, that coupled with Russias entry and the A Bombs finial made them except uncondational surender.
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