[2788 Polish 1st Infantry Division]
.P The 1st Polish Infantry Division was officially titled the 1st Legions
Infantry Division. Polish Army infantry divisions 1-3 inclusive were given
"Legion" status, although curiously this does not mean that they were any better
equipped or manned than any other regular infantry division. The Legion
designation was a reference to the Polish Legions that fought for the Austro-
Hungarian Army in World War I and for the newly formed Polish state against the
Soviets in the 1920's.
.P A 1939 Polish Infantry Division had at its core three infantry regiments, each
consisting of three battalions. The 1st Polish Infantry consisted of the
.B 1st Legions Infantry Regiment
.B 5th Legions Infantry Regiment
.B 6th Legions Infantry Regiment
.B Note: each infantry regiment contained a Reconnaissance and an anti-tank
.P In addition to the Infantry component, the division also contained:
.B A organic cavalry squadron
.B A bicycle company (31st)
.B A Light Artillery Regiment (1st Legions)
.B A Heavy Artillery Detachment (1st)
.B An Anti-aircraft battery (1st motorized)
.B A Heavy machine-gun company (31st)
.B An Engineer Battalion (1st)
.B A Telephone and Radio Company
.P Note: the Polish armies in exile, at various times operating with the British,
French and Russian armies, were organised and equipped as per their host army.
.P The 1st Legions Infantry Division - Dywizja Piechoty Legionow (1DPL) was
commanded by Major-General Wincenty Kowalski, The 1DPL was only partially
mobilised when the Germans invaded Poland on 1st September 1939. The division was
attached to the Wyszkow Operational Group, which was deployed north of Warsaw (see
counter 2798 - Warsaw Militia).
.P The division saw almost continuous action from the 4th September until it was
effectively destroyed on the 22nd (see counter 2791 Modlin Infantry Army and
2799 Narew Infantry Corps).
NOTE: In 1939 I can find no reference to Anti-tank units attached to 1DPL infantry regiments or Radio units directly attached to 1DPL.
Just for fun I researched 1DPL.
The 1st Polish Infantry Division was officially titled the 1st Legions Infantry Division (Polish: 1. Dywizja Piechoty Legionów abbreviated 1DPL).
The Polish Army 1st, 2nd, and 3rf infantry divisions were given "Legion" status. The Legion designation was a reference to the Polish Legions that fought for the Austro-Hungarian Army in World War I and for the newly formed Polish state against the Soviets in the 1920's.
The 1DPL consisted of the following:
1st Legions Infantry Regiment,
5th Legions Infantry Regiment,
6th Legions Infantry Regiment,
(Each Infantry Regiment consisted of a headquarters and three infantry battalions.)
1st Legions Light Artillery Regiment
1st Heavy Artillery Detachment
An organic cavalry squadron,
31st bicycle company,
1st motorized Anti-aircraft battery,
31st Heavy machine-gun company (horse-drawn),
1st Engineer Battalion,
1st Signals Company (telephone).
In March the 1DPL was partially mobilized under the command of Major-General Wincenty Kowalski. Where it was deployed north of Warsaw Under Operational Group Wyszków to shield the northern approaches to Warsaw from German assault from East Prussia.
Germany invaded Poland on September 1 and on September 4 the 1DPL completed its mobilization and came into contact with the Germans in the forests around Długosiodło to the north of Warsaw. 1DPL managed to retain most of its combat effectiveness whike delaying the German forces in a number of skirmishes and battles along the Narew river and near the town of Różan.
September 7 after the battle for Pułtusk where the Poles were outnumbered 3 to 1 the 1DPL was ordered to retreat southwards. Durring the retreat Major-General Kowalski managed not only to withdraw most of his forces, but also to rally the defeated forces of Modlin Army and Independent Operational Group Narew crowded near the bridge in Wyszków. Thanks to Kowalski's actions, 2 divisions and (33rd Infantry and 41st Infantry), as well as the Mazowiecka Cavalry Brigade were not only rallied but also safely transported to the other side of the Bug River. 1DPL then withdrew to the area between Wyszków and Kamieńczyk, and successfuly defened the line there. 1DPL sfter being reinforced by 98th Heavy Artillery Detachment and 61st Light Artillery Detachment repelled a German assault on Brańszczyk. 1DPL started to slowly move southwards while performing delaying actions and keeping its combat readiness almost intact.
September 11 the German forces seized the town of Kałuszyn cutting off 1DPL.
September 13 1DPL brakes through enemy lines and retaks the city in what became known as the battle of Kałuszyn.
Despite heavy losses on the Polish side, Major-General Kowalski managed to yet again rally a large part of his forces and continued his move towards Włodawa, Lublin and Lwów.
September 18 and 19th near Chełm 1DPL (then reduced to merely a regiment after two weeks of constant fights against numerically and technically superior enemy) is reorganized and reinforced with an improvised detachment under Stanisław Tatar. From there 1DPL proceeded towards Tomaszów Lubelski.
September 21 German panzers and the German 8th Infantry Division successfuly break through the Polish lines at Falków.
September 22 at the battle of Falków, 1DPL arrived at Tomaszów Lubelski. Outnumbered, lacking artillery, supplies, food and reduced to not more than a regiment.
September 23 the assault on Tarnawatka by 1DPL was stopped and wounded Major-General Kowalski was taken prisoner of war by the Germans.
The Germans nicknamed 1DPL the Iron division.
Note: the Polish armies in exile, at various times operating with the British, French, and Russian armies, were organized and equipped as per their host army.
University of Science Music and Culture (USMC) class of 71 and 72 ~ Extraneous (AKA Mziln)