RE: For the Purists September 9. 1939 (Full Version)

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Extraneous -> RE: For the Purists September 9. 1939 (11/14/2011 5:37:28 PM)

Malta http://warships1discussionboards.yuku.com/topic/17700/Looking-for-OOB-on-British-Army-1940-43?page=2
Gibraltar Command 1942 http://74.6.238.254/search/srpcache?ei=UTF-8&p=Gibraltar+1942&xa=mg.dLHibBSWUPXf7rPMLWA--%2C1321111203&fr=yfp-t-471&u=http://cc.bingj.com/cache.aspx?q=Gibraltar+1942&d=4532668314747426&mkt=en-US&setlang=en-US&w=352e3f24,55c6b5f6&icp=1&.intl=us&sig=uzvTTAG0G8y4KoULH_TJoA--
RAF Organisation http://www.rafweb.org/Stations/Stations-G.htm

There are more links to come.

Malta
1st Independent Troop, 44th Royal Tank Regiment
detachment of 7th Royal Tank Regiment (4x Matilda II)
detachment of 3rd (King's Own) Hussars (2x Vickers VIc)

Southern Command
2nd Battalion, Devonshire Regiment
1st Battalion, Dorsetshire Regiment
1st Battalion, Hampshire Regiment
3rd Battalion, Kings Own Malta Regiment defended Wied iz-Zurrieq and the perimeters of Luqa, Hal Far, Krendli.

Northern Command
8th Battalion, Manchester Regiment
2nd Battalion, Royal Irish Fusiliers (Princess Victoria's) Regiment
1st Battalion, Kings Own Malta Regiment defended the areas north of Bajda Ridge, Mellieha Ridge, Mellieha Bay, Marfa Ridge.
2nd Battalion, Kings Own Malta Regiment defended Ghajn Tuffieha, Gnejna, St. Paul's Bay, Bugibba, Bahar ic-Caghaq.

Central Command
2nd Battalion, Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment (D Company was part of the Northern Command at some unspecified time)
11th Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers
10th Battalion, Kings Own Malta Regiment
1st Battalion, Cheshire Regiment 3x Companys of 3x platoons of 4x Vickers MG, plus a 4th company of 4x platoons 4x 4.2" mortars.
Military Police Company

Western Command
4th Battalion, The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment)
1st Battalion, Durham Light Infantry
8th Battalion, Kings Own Royal Regiment

1st Royal Malta Artillery Regiment Royal Artillery
4th Coastal Artillery Regiment Royal Artillery
12th Field Artillery Regiment Royal Artillery 24x 25-pdr
26th Anti-tank Regiment Royal Artillery

10th Anti-aircraft Brigade
4th Heavy Anti-aircraft Regiment Royal Artillery 16x 3.7"
7th Heavy Anti-aircraft Regiment Royal Artillery 20x 3.7", 4x 3"
10th Heavy Anti-aircraft Regiment Royal Artillery 4x 4.5", 16x 3.7", 4x 3"
2nd Heavy Anti-aircraft Regiment Royal Malta Artillery 16x 3.7"
11th Heavy Anti-aircraft Regiment Royal Malta Artillery 6x (8x ?) 4.5, 16x 3.7", 7x (8x ?) 3"

7th Light Anti-aircraft Brigade
36th Light Anti-aircraft Regiment Royal Artillery
65th Light Anti-aircraft Regiment Royal Artillery
74th Light Anti-aircraft Regiment Royal Artillery
3rd Royal Marine Light Anti-aircraft Regiment Royal Artillery
4th Searchlight Regiment Royal Artillery

16th Fortress Company Royal Engineers
24th Fortress Company Royal Engineers

Malta - HMS Talbot Royal Navy submarine base
10th Submarine Flotilla (elements)
Submarine HMS Unrivalled (P 45) Beach CHARLIE
Submarine HMS Unruffled (P 46)
Submarine HMS P 48 (P 48) Beach BEER 12/25/42 sunk by depth charges from Italian torpedo boats Ardente and Ardito in the Gulf of Tunis in position 37º15'N, 10º30'E north-west of the island of Zembra, Tunisia.
Submarine HMS Unseen (P 51)
Submarine HMS Unshaken (P 54) between Beach X-RAY and Beach YORKER
Submarine HMS Ursula (N 59) Beach ZEBRA


AHQ Malta - Air Chief Marshal Sir Keith Park CB, MC, DFC, CdeG (F)
RAF Hal Far airfield
04/27/41- 06/05/43 No. 185 Squadron RAF (detachments) Spitfire Vc
No. 243 Squadron RAF Spitfire Vc
Royal Naval Air Station Hal Far
Royal Naval Air Squadron Malta Swordfish (No. 828 Squadron FAA absorbed 3x Swordfish from No. 830 Squadron FAA)

RAF Luqa airfield
No. 69 Squadron RAF Photographic Reconnaissance Unit
01/41 - 02/43 Supermarine Spitfire PR.IV, 06/42 – 08/43: Martin Baltimore I and II, 08/42 – 08/43: 4x Vickers Wellington IC and VIII torpedo bomber (absorbed from No. 221 Squadron RAF)
No. 126 Squadron RAF Spitfire Vc
No. 217 Squadron RAF 10/42 – 06/43 Lockheed Hudson III and IIIA
No. 601 Squadron RAF Spitfire Vc
No. 1435 Squadron RAF Spitfire Vc

RAF Ta' Qali (Takali) airfield
04/27/41- 06/05/43 No. 185 Squadron RAF (detachments) Spitfire Vc
No. 227 Squadron RAF Bristol Beaufighter I and VI
No. 229 Squadron RAF Spitfire Vc
No. 272 Squadron RAF Bristol Beaufighter VI
06/42 No. 89 Squadron RAF (detachments) Bristol Beaufighter VI

RAF Qrendi airfield
No. 229 249 Squadron RAF Spitfire Vc 11/42 – 09/43 Qrendi

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Gibraltar

Gibraltar Command
1st Gibraltar Brigade
2nd Battalion The King's Regiment (Liverpool)
4th (City of Dundee) Battalion The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) Independent Company

2nd Gibraltar Brigade
2nd Battalion The Somerset Light Infantry (Prince Albert's)
4th Battalion The Devonshire Regiment

Artillery
3rd Coast Regiment, Royal Artillery (H.Q., 4th & 41st Coast Batteries, Royal Artillery)
19th Coast Regiment, Royal Artillery (H.Q., 26th, 27th & 40th Coast Batteries, Royal Artillery)
18th Defence Regiment, Royal Artillery (H.Q., 973rd, 974th & 975th Defence Batteries, Royal Artillery)

15th Anti-Aircraft Brigade
13th Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery (H.Q., 228th H.A.A. Battery, 1st A.A. 'Z' Troop and 1st Radar Direction Finding Battery, Royal Artillery)
82nd (Essex) Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery (H.Q., 156th, 193rd & 256th H.A.A. Batteries and Gibraltar Defence Force H.A.A. Battery, Royal Artillery)
3rd Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery (H.Q., 9th, 114th & 126th L.A.A. Batteries, Royal Artillery)
3rd Searchlight Battery, Royal Artillery

Royal Engineers
1st Fortress Company, Royal Engineers
32nd Fortress Company, Royal Engineers
170th Tunnelling Company, Royal Engineers
172nd Tunnelling Company, Royal Engineers
178th Tunnelling Company, Royal Engineers
179th Tunnelling Company, Royal Engineers
180th Tunnelling Company, Royal Engineers
1st Tunnelling Company, Royal Canadian Engineers
3rd Tunnelling Company, Royal Canadian Engineers
711th Artisan Works Company, Royal Engineers
575th Army Troops Company, Royal Engineers
1 General Construction Company, Royal Engineers

Royal Corps of Signals
Gibraltar Signal Section, Royal Corps of Signals

Royal Army Service Corps
33rd (Local) Company, Royal Army Service Corps

Royal Army Medical Corps
28th Company, Royal Army Medical Corps

Royal Army Ordnance Corps
Gibraltar Detachment, Royal Army Ordnance Corps

Royal Army Pay Corps
Gibraltar Detachment, Royal Army Pay Corps

Royal Army Veterinary Corps
Gibraltar Detachment, Royal Army Veterinary Corps Corps of Military Police

RAF Station Gibraltar - Air Vice Marshal Sturley Philip Simpson CBE, MC
No. 10 Squadron RAAF (small detachments) Shorts Sunderland Flying boat
No. 200 Squadron RAF Consolidated Catalina PBY Flying boat
No. 233 Squadron RAF Lockheed Hudson Reconnaissance
No. 210 Squadron RAF (detachments) Consolidated Catalina PBY Flying boat
No. 540 Squadron RAF (detachments) Photographic Reconnaissance Unit Mosquito
B Flight No. 544 Squadron RAF Photographic Reconnaissance Unit Spitfire PR.IV & PR.IX
11/06/42 12/13/42 No. 4 Squadron RAF Photographic Reconnaissance Unit Spitfire
11/05/42 12/19/42 No. 500 Squadron RAF Lockheed Hudson V
11/09/42 12/18/42 No. 608 Squadron RAF Lockheed Hudson V







Extraneous -> RE: For the Purists September 9. 1939 (1/17/2012 10:21:36 PM)

Naval Information
Awards for Britain's Navy: http://www.britainsnavy.co.uk/Battle%20Honours/North%20Africa%201942-43.htm
British Aircraft Carriers: http://www.royalnavyresearcharchive.org.uk/ESCORT/index.htm
British Officers: http://www.unithistories.com/
British Submarines: http://home.cogeco.ca/~gchalcraft/sm/index.htm
French Oran Fleet: http://homepage.ntlworld.com/andrew.etherington/1942/11/08.htm
Halcyon Class Minesweepers: http://www.halcyon-class.co.uk/speedwell/speedwell_1942.htm
Harbour Defence Motor Launch (HDML): http://www.hmsmedusa.org.uk/index.html
Hyperwar Vichy French Navy: http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/ETO/Ultra/SRH-BA-Appendix/Appendix-17.html
Hyperwar WAR AT SEA 1939-1945VOLUME II THE PERIOD OF BALANCE http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/UN/UK/UK-RN-II/index.html#index
Hyperwar THE AFRICAN CAMPAIGNS 1st August - 31st December, 1942 http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/UN/UK/UK-RN-II/UK-RN-II-13.html
Hyperwar Appendix H Torch Composition of Allied Naval Forces: http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/UN/UK/UK-RN-II/UK-RN-II-H.html
Naval History Net http://www.navsource.org/
Naval History Net HOME FLEET - October to December 1942: http://www.naval-history.net/xDKWD-HF1942d.htm
Naval History Net Service Histories by Name, Type, and Class: http://wow.naval-history.net/xGM-aContents.htm
Navweps OOB Casablanca: http://www.navweaps.com/index_oob/OOB_WWII_Mediterranean/OOB_WWII_Casablanca.htm
Netherlands Navy: http://www.netherlandsnavy.nl/
Polish Navy: http://www.polishnavy.pl/index.html
Royal Canadian Navy: http://cnrs-scrn.org/northern_mariner/vol03/tnm_3_4_1-17.pdf
Corvette HMS Violet http://www.platenboring.com/violet/
Sloop HMS Stork: http://www.secondworldwar.org.uk/stork.html
Trawlers - HULL STEAM/SIDEWINDER INDEX: http://hulltrawler.net/Sidewinder.html
World Naval Ships Forums: http://www.worldnavalships.com/forums/showthread.php?t=8896
World War II +55 (copyrighted site): http://usswashington.com/worldwar2plus55/dl08no42b.htm
U-boat Net http://uboat.net/

Merchant and Convoy Information
Siri Holm Lawson Warsailors.com: http://www.warsailors.com/convoys/kmsconvoys.html
Arnold Hague Convoy Database http://www.convoyweb.org.uk/hague/index.html
Liberty Ships: http://www.usmm.org/libertyships.html
Ocean class Liberty Ships: http://fortships.tripod.com/oceans.htm
Clydebuilt Database: http://clydesite.co.uk/clydebuilt/viewship.asp?id=9961
The Blue Star Line: http://www.bluestarline.org/lamports/browning3.html
The Silver Line: http://oceania.pbworks.com/w/page/8473543/UK_Silver-Line
The Ships List: http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/lines/saint.htm
The Duchess of Bedford: http://www.duchessofbedford.com/ssdob/
Amazon Dot Com: http://www.amazon.com/If-Perish-Frontline-Nurses-World/dp/product-description/0375415149
History of the Atlantic Cable & Undersea Communications: http://atlantic-cable.com/Cableships/Mirror(1)/index.htm

Air unit Information
Fleet Air Arm: http://www.fleetairarmarchive.net/Ships/Aircraftcarrierindex.html
Operation Torch Aircraft: http://uncleted.jinak.cz/utorch.htm

Army unit Information
General’s names: http://www.generals.dk/
North African Landing Beaches: http://www.history.army.mil/brochures/algeria/algeria.htm
Hyperwar Naval North Africa: http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/UN/UK/UK-RN-II/UK-RN-II-13.html
Hyperwar Oran landings: http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-MTO-NWA/USA-MTO-NWA-11.html
Hyperwar Algiers landings: http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-MTO-NWA/USA-MTO-NWA-13.html
Hyperwar Chapter VII Fedala to Casablanca: http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-MTO-NWA/USA-MTO-NWA-7.html
Hyperwar Chapter XIII The Occupation of Algiers: http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-MTO-NWA/USA-MTO-NWA-13.html
Gibraltar Command 1942 http://74.6.238.254/search/srpcache?ei=UTF-8&p=Gibraltar+1942&xa=mg.dLHibBSWUPXf7rPMLWA--%2C1321111203&fr=yfp-t-471&u=http://cc.bingj.com/cache.aspx?q=Gibraltar+1942&d=4532668314747426&mkt=en-US&setlang=en-US&w=352e3f24,55c6b5f6&icp=1&.intl=us&sig=uzvTTAG0G8y4KoULH_TJoA--
Malta http://warships1discussionboards.yuku.com/topic/17700/Looking-for-OOB-on-British-Army-1940-43?page=2

Operations
Operation Jubilee (Dieppe): http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_dieppe1.html
Operation Pedestal: http://www.world-war.co.uk/pedestal1.php3
Operation Pedestal: http://www.killifish.f9.co.uk/Malta%20WWII/Pedestal.htm
Operation Train: http://www.killifish.f9.co.uk/Malta%20WWII/Operations.htm
Operation Torch Japanese Site needs character font and translation: http://www.wikiled.com/japaneseromajikanji-english-Default.aspx
Operation Torch Japanese Site needs character font and translation: http http://read2ch.com/r/army/1268410478/

Miscellaneous
Translations: http://free-translation.imtranslator.net/default.asp?ldr=ja/en&loc=en
Abbreviations and Symbols: http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/abbreviations.htm
SUPPLEMENT to THE LONDON GAZETTE, MARCH 23, 1949: ttp://www.worldnavalships.com/forums/showthread.php?t=862

TCG = Türkiye Cunhuriyeti Gemisi (Turkish Republic Ship)
FFN = Free Frebch Navy

==========================================================================================================
01/01/42 Western Approaches Command, Greenock, Scotland (Escort Groups Administered by Captain of Destroyers, Greenock)

RCN Depot in UK - Shore Establishment RCN NIOBE at Smithston List, near Greenock

Destroyer Depot Ship HMS Sandhurst (F 92) at the Clyde

Escort Group 3
Destroyer HMS Ambuscade (D 38) at Portsmouth, England
Destroyer HMS Bulldog (H 91) at the Clyde, Scotland (refit and repairs)
Destroyer HMS Amazon (D 39) 02/16/41 at Liverpool, England refitting to completion
Corvette HMS Aubretia (K 96) 12/23/41 arrives at the Clyde, Scotland
Corvette HMS Heartsease (K 15) at the Clyde, Scotland repairing
Corvette HMS Vervain (K 190) 12/26/41 arrives at the Clyde, Scotland
Corvette FFN Renoncule (K 117) (ex HMS Ranonculus) 12/08/41 arrives at the Clyde, Scotland
Corvette FFN Roselys (K 57) (ex HMS Sundew) 12/23/41 arrives at the Clyde, Scotland (refit and repairs),

Escort Group 4
Destroyer HMS Boadicea (H 65) 10/29/41 at Liverpool, England
Destroyer HMS Roxborough (I 07) (ex USS Foote (DD 169)) 12/30/41 arrives St John’s 01/12/41 due Charleston (refit and repairs),
Destroyer HMS Beagle (H 30) at Tyne, England repairing
Corvette HMS Heather (K 69) 12/28/41 arrives at the Clyde, Scotland
Corvette HMS Narcissus (K 74) 12/29/41 arrives at the Clyde, Scotland
Corvette HMS Snowdrop (K 67) 12/28/41 arrives at the Clyde, Scotland
Corvette FFN Commandant Detroyat (K 183) (ex HMS Coriander) 12/28/41 arrives at the Clyde, Scotland
Corvette FFN Lobelia (K 05) (ex HMS Lobelia) 12/28/41 arrives at the Clyde, Scotland

Special Escort Groups

Escort Group 23
Destroyer HMS Achates (H 12) until early April repairing to completion at Tyne, England
Destroyer HMS Antelope (H 46) 01/16/42 refitting to completion at Humber, England

Escort Group 24
Destroyer HMS Fame (H 78) at Chatham, England in dockyard control repairing to completion May
Destroyer HMS Firedrake (H 79) 09/23/40 arrives at Boston, USA 01/12/42 repairing to completion

Escort Group 25
Destroyer ORP Blyskawica (Blyskavica) (Lightning) (WZ.44) 01/04/42 arrives at the Clyde, Scotland
Destroyer ORP Burza (Storm) (H 73) 12/30/41 arrives at the Clyde, Scotland
Destroyer ORP Garland (H 37) (ex HMS Garland) 12/28/41 arrives at the Clyde, Scotland (refit and repairs)
Destroyer ORP Piorun (Thunderbolt) (G 65) (ex HMS Nerissa) 01/09/42 at the Clyde, Scotland refitting to comp

Escort Group 26
Destroyer HMS Belmont (H 46) (ex USS Satterlee (DD-190)) 01/01/42 departs the Clyde, Scotland (refit and repairs),
Destroyer HMCS Buxton (H 96) (ex USS Edwards (DD-265)) until the end of Feb in care and maintenance repairing to completion at Chatham, England
Destroyer HMS Chesterfield (I 28) (USS Welborn C. Wood (DD-195)) 01/12/42 refitting to completion at Portsmouth, England
Destroyer HMS Churchill (I 45) (ex USS Herndon (DD-198)) 01/31/42 repairing to completion at Dundee, Scotland

Escort Group 27
Destroyer HMCS Montgomery (G 95) (ex USS Wickes (DD-75)) 12/29/41 at the Clyde, Scotland (refit and repairs)
Destroyer HMCS Georgetown (I 40) (ex USS Maddox (DD-168)) 03/08/41 at the Clyde, Scotland in care and maintenance repairing to completion
Destroyer HMS Richmond (G 88) (ex USS Fairfax (DD 93)) 01/30/42 in care and maintenance refitting to completion at Cardiff, Wales
Destroyer HMCS Salisbury (I 52) (ex USS Claxton (DD-140)) 01/17/41 refitting to completion at Rosyth

Destroyers (Unallocated)
Destroyer TCG Sultanhisar 10/28/41 departs Ponta Delgada, the Azores (refit and repairs)
Destroyer (Torpilleur) FFN Léopard 02/15/41 at Humber, England repairing to completion

Corvettes (Unallocated)
Corvette HMS Genista (K 200) 12/20/41 arrives Tobermory, Scotland
Corvette HNoMS Potentilla (K 214) (ex HMS Potentilla) at Renfrew (refit and repairs)
Corvette HMS Mignonette (K 38) 01/08/41 repairing to completion the Clyde, Scotland

Controlled Minelayer HMS Jay 12/20/41 arrives at Freetown, South Africa

Patrol Sloop HMS Kingfisher (L 70) at Ardrossan (Anti-submarine Experimental Ship)

Monitor HMS Frederick Roberts (F 40) 12/26/41 departs Freetown, South Africa for Capetown, South Africa

Light Cruiser HMS Cardiff (D 58) at the Clyde, Scotland (Gunnery Training Cruiser)
Destroyer (Torpilleur) FFN Mistral (DD) in Clyde in care and maintenance refitting (attendant to HMS Cardiff)

Controlled Minelayer HMS Loch Nevis at Whitehaven, England
Controlled Minelayer HMS M.4 at Peterhead, England

Depot Ship Orange Nassau (Netherlands) at Holyhead, England

Target Towing Tug St Martin (Lt E Swanson) at Greenock, Scotland

Admiralty Cable Ships
Cable Ship CS Castlerock at Leith, England
Cable Ship CS Kilmun at Scapa Flow, Scotland
Cable Ship CS M.180
Cable Ship CS Alert at Fowey
Cable Ship CS Ariel at Oban
Cable Ship CS Saxon Queen
Cable Carrier Accruity 12/06/41 departs London, England







Extraneous -> RE: For the Purists September 9. 1939 (2/22/2012 6:33:39 PM)

Naval Information
Awards for Britain's Navy: http://www.britainsnavy.co.uk/Battle%20Honours/North%20Africa%201942-43.htm
British Aircraft Carriers: http://www.royalnavyresearcharchive.org.uk/ESCORT/index.htm
British Officers: http://www.unithistories.com/
British Submarines: http://home.cogeco.ca/~gchalcraft/sm/index.htm
French Oran Fleet: http://homepage.ntlworld.com/andrew.etherington/1942/11/08.htm
Halcyon Class Minesweepers: http://www.halcyon-class.co.uk/speedwell/speedwell_1942.htm
Harbour Defence Motor Launch (HDML): http://www.hmsmedusa.org.uk/index.html
Hyperwar: Vichy French Navy: http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/ETO/Ultra/SRH-BA-Appendix/Appendix-17.html
Hyperwar: WAR AT SEA 1939-1945VOLUME II THE PERIOD OF BALANCE http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/UN/UK/UK-RN-II/index.html#index
Hyperwar: THE AFRICAN CAMPAIGNS 1st August - 31st December, 1942 http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/UN/UK/UK-RN-II/UK-RN-II-13.html
Hyperwar: Appendix H Torch Composition of Allied Naval Forces: http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/UN/UK/UK-RN-II/UK-RN-II-H.html
Hyperwar: Creation of Allied Force http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/rep/TORCH/DDE-Torch.html
Naval History Net http://www.navsource.org/
Naval History Net BRITISH and OTHER NAVIES DAY-BY-DAY http://www.naval-history.net/xDKWW2-3900Intro.htm
Naval History Net HOME FLEET - October to December 1942: http://www.naval-history.net/xDKWD-HF1942d.htm
Naval History Net Service Histories by Name, Type, and Class: http://wow.naval-history.net/xGM-aContents.htm
Navweps OOB Casablanca: http://www.navweaps.com/index_oob/OOB_WWII_Mediterranean/OOB_WWII_Casablanca.htm
Netherlands Navy: http://www.netherlandsnavy.nl/
Polish Navy: http://www.polishnavy.pl/index.html
Royal Canadian Navy: http://cnrs-scrn.org/northern_mariner/vol03/tnm_3_4_1-17.pdf
Royal Navy Research Archive: Royal Navy Escort Carriers http://www.royalnavyresearcharchive.org.uk/ESCORT/index.htm
Corvette HMS Violet http://www.platenboring.com/violet/
Sloop HMS Stork: http://www.secondworldwar.org.uk/stork.html
Trawlers - HULL STEAM/SIDEWINDER INDEX: http://hulltrawler.net/Sidewinder.html
World Naval Ships Forums: http://www.worldnavalships.com/forums/showthread.php?t=8896
U-boat Net http://uboat.net/

Merchant and Convoy Information
Siri Holm Lawson Warsailors.com: http://www.warsailors.com/convoys/kmsconvoys.html
Arnold Hague Convoy Database http://www.convoyweb.org.uk/hague/index.html
Liberty Ships: http://www.usmm.org/libertyships.html
Ocean class Liberty Ships: http://fortships.tripod.com/oceans.htm
Clydebuilt Database: http://clydesite.co.uk/clydebuilt/viewship.asp?id=9961
The Blue Star Line: http://www.bluestarline.org/lamports/browning3.html
The Silver Line: http://oceania.pbworks.com/w/page/8473543/UK_Silver-Line
The Ships List: http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/lines/saint.htm
The Duchess of Bedford: http://www.duchessofbedford.com/ssdob/
Amazon Dot Com: http://www.amazon.com/If-Perish-Frontline-Nurses-World/dp/product-description/0375415149
History of the Atlantic Cable & Undersea Communications: http://atlantic-cable.com/Cableships/Mirror(2)/index.htm
Naval Armed Guard Afloat http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USN/Admin-Hist/173-ArmedGuards/173-AG-6.html
Blue Flue losses WW2 http://www.shipsnostalgia.com/showthread.php?t=36027

Air unit Information
Fleet Air Arm: http://www.fleetairarmarchive.net/Ships/Aircraftcarrierindex.html
Operation Torch Aircraft: http://uncleted.jinak.cz/utorch.htm
52nd Fighter Group http://raf-112-squadron.org/52nd_fg.html

Army unit Information
General’s names: http://www.generals.dk/
North African Landing Beaches: http://www.history.army.mil/brochures/algeria/algeria.htm
Hyperwar: Taking Safi http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-MTO-NWA/USA-MTO-NWA-6.html
Hyperwar: Fedala to Casablanca http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-MTO-NWA/USA-MTO-NWA-7.html
Hyperwar: Mehdia to Port-Lyautey http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-MTO-NWA/USA-MTO-NWA-8.html
Hyperwar: Oran landings: http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-MTO-NWA/USA-MTO-NWA-11.html
Hyperwar: Algiers landings: http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-MTO-NWA/USA-MTO-NWA-13.html
Hyperwar: Chapter XIII The Occupation of Algiers: http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-MTO-NWA/USA-MTO-NWA-13.html
Hyperwar: Chapter VII Fedala to Casablanca: http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-MTO-NWA/USA-MTO-NWA-7.html
Hyperwar: 1st Infantry Division (USA) boat employment http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/rep/TORCH/1InfDiv_FO-1/index.html
Gibraltar Command 1942 http://74.6.238.254/search/srpcache?ei=UTF-8&p=Gibraltar+1942&xa=mg.dLHibBSWUPXf7rPMLWA--%2C1321111203&fr=yfp-t-471&u=http://cc.bingj.com/cache.aspx?q=Gibraltar+1942&d=4532668314747426&mkt=en-US&setlang=en-US&w=352e3f24,55c6b5f6&icp=1&.intl=us&sig=uzvTTAG0G8y4KoULH_TJoA--
Malta http://warships1discussionboards.yuku.com/topic/17700/Looking-for-OOB-on-British-Army-1940-43?page=2

Operations
Operation Jubilee (Dieppe): http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_dieppe1.html
Operation Pedestal: http://www.world-war.co.uk/pedestal1.php3
Operation Pedestal: http://www.killifish.f9.co.uk/Malta%20WWII/Pedestal.htm
Operation Train: http://www.killifish.f9.co.uk/Malta%20WWII/Operations.htm
Operation Torch Japanese Site needs character font and translation: http://www.wikiled.com/japaneseromajikanji-english-Default.aspx
Operation Torch Japanese Site needs character font and translation: http http://read2ch.com/r/army/1268410478/

Miscellaneous
Translations: http://free-translation.imtranslator.net/default.asp?ldr=ja/en&loc=en
Abbreviations and Symbols: http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/abbreviations.htm
Supplement to the London Gazette, March 23, 1949: ttp://www.worldnavalships.com/forums/showthread.php?t=862

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10/14/42 - 12/21/42 Summary of events

10/14/42 during exercises Minesweeper HMS Ilfracombe (J 95) damaged in collision with Minesweeper HMS Eastbourne (J 127)


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10/28/42 - 10/30/42 Operation Train: from Gibraltar to flyoff 29x Spitfires to Malta 2x Spitfires remain onboard with defects


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10/29/42 HMS Rodney, HMS Lookout, HMS Panther, and HMS Penn arrive at Gibraltar



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11/03/42 Convoy KX.4B arrives at Gibraltar


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11/04/42 Convoy KX.4A arrives at Gibraltar


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11/06/42 Convoy KMS.2G (Slow) arrives at Gibraltar


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11/05/42 West of Gibraltar
Convoy KMF.1G (Fast) divides into Convoy KMF.1 (A) (Fast) (Algiers, Algeria) and Convoy KMF.1 (O) (Fast) (Oran, Algeria)
Convoy KMS.1G (Slow) divides into Convoy KMS.1 (A) (Slow) (Algiers, Algeria) and Convoy KMS.1 (O) (Slow) (Oran, Algeria).


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Force H
11/05/42 14:00 Force H arrives off the approaches to the Strait of Gibraltar and divides prior to entering the harbor
11/05/42 19:00 HMS Duke of York, HMS Renown, and a destroyer screen enter the harbor, anchor, and refuel

11/06/42 the remainder of Force H enters the harbor to refuel
11/06/42 06:00 HMS Duke of York, HMS Renown, and a destroyer screen sail for 36ºN, 3ºW to await the remander of Force H
11/06/42 18:00 Force H rendezvous and recombines

11/07/42 16:45 Force H is attacked Junkers Ju-88’s but are driven off by the ships anti-aircraft fire
11/07/42 air attack causes serious structural damage Destroyer HMS Panther (G 41) leaves Force H and returns to Gibraltar at low speed for repair
11/07/42 late in the evening HMS Furious, HMS Rodney, HMS Beagle HMS Boreas and HMS Bulldog are detached from Force H to the Cover Force for the CENTRAL NAVAL TASK FORCE


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11/05/42 - 11/08/42 All ships for Operation Torch landings have passed through Gibraltar.

Submarines are used as navigational beacons to guide the convoys to the beach “lowering positions”.


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WESTERN NAVAL TASK FORCE (French Morocco)
11/08/42 Convoy UGF.1 arrives off Casablanca, French Morocco
00:01 landings commence for Northern Attack Group: Operation Goalpost (Port-Lyautey, French Morocco)
01:30 landings commence for Center Attack Group: Operation Brushwood (Fedala, French Morocco)
00:35 landings commence for Southern Attack Group: Operation Blackstone (Safi, French Morocco)


11/08/42 The Naval Battle of Casablanca

Sunk by US gunfire
Destroyer (Torpilleur) Fougueux (DD)
Destroyer (Torpilleur) Frondeur (DD)
Destroyer (Torpilleur) Boulonnais (DD)
Destroyer (Torpilleur) Brestois (DD)
Passenger liner Savoie Marseille
Cargo ship Ile de Edienruder

Sunk by aircraft
Light Cruiser (Croiseur Léger) Primauguet (CL)
Destroyer (Contre-torpilleur) Milan (DL)
Destroyer (Contre-torpilleur) Albatros (DL)
Submarine (Sous-marin) Amphitrite (SS)
Submarine (Sous-marin) La Psyché (SS)
Submarine (Sous-marin) Le Conquèrant (SS)
Submarine (Sous-marin) Oréade (SS)
Submarine (Sous-marin) Sidi Ferruch (SS)
Passenger liner Porthos
Tanker Ouessant
Cargo ship Lipari

Damaged by US gunfire and aircraft Battleship (Cuirassé) Jean Bart (BB)

Damaged by US gunfire
Destroyer (Contre-torpilleur) Le Malin (DL)
Destroyer (Torpilleur) L'Alcyon (DD)
Destroyer (Torpilleur) Tempete (DD)
Destroyer (Torpilleur) Simoun (DD)
Damaged Submarine (Sous-marin) Méduse (SS)
Damaged Colonial Sloop (Aviso) La Grandière (PS)
Damaged Minesweeper Sloop (Aviso-Dragueur de mines) Commandant Delage (PMS)
Damaged Minesweeper Sloop (Aviso-Dragueur de mines) La Gracieuse (PMS)

Captured Intact
Submarine (Sous-marin) Amazone (SS)
Submarine (Sous-marin) Antiope (SS)
Submarine (Sous-marin) La Sibylle (SS)
Submarine (Sous-marin) Orphée (SS)
Tanker Lot (AO)
Tanker Elore (AO)

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CENTRAL NAVAL TASK FORCE (Oran, Algeria)
11/07/42
The Cover Force for the CENTRAL NAVAL TASK FORCE precedes the convoys to Oran
16:00 4x Trawlers, 2x Landing Craft Tank (LCT), and 10x Motor Launches from Gibraltar rendezvous with Convoy KMS.1 (O) (Slow)
16:00 Convoy KMF.1 (O) (Fast) and Convoy KMS.1 (O) (Slow) divide into Western Landing Group, Centre Landing Group, and Eastern Landing Group: Beach ZEBRA.
17:00 CENTRAL NAVAL TASK FORCE Cover Force is twenty-five miles to seaward of Oran to support the landings

19:45 Convoy KMS.1 (O) (Slow) approaches submarine HMS Unshaken for the Western Landing Group: Beach X-RAY and Centre Landing Group: Beach YORKER.
23:00 Convoy KMS.1 (O) (Slow) approaches submarine HMS Ursula for the Eastern Landing Group: Beach ZEBRA.

23:45 Convoy KMS.1 (O) (Slow) arrives off Western Landing Group and Centre Landing Group beaches
23:45 Convoy KMS.1 (O) (Slow) arrives off Eastern Landing Group beaches
23:50 4x Trawlers and 3x Landing Ships Tank (HMS Bachaquero, HMS Misoa, HMS Tasajera) from Gibraltar rendezvous with Convoy KMS.1 (O) (Slow)

11/08/42
01:45 landings commence for Western Landing Group: Beach X-RAY
01:45 landings commence for Centre Landing Group: Beach YORKER
01:20 landings commence for Eastern Landing Group: Beach ZEBRA
05:30 HMS Furious, HMS Rodney, HMS Beagle HMS Boreas and HMS Bulldog rendezvous with CENTRAL NAVAL TASK FORCE: Cover Force 25 miles north of Oran, Algeria

11/08/42 - 11/12/42 Cover Force twenty to thirty miles offshore of Oran

11/08/42 Operation RESERVIST (Oran, Algeria)
Sunk by French gunfire Sloop HMS Hartland (Y 00)
Sunk by French gunfire Sloop HMS Walney (Y 04)


11/08/42 Naval Actions off Oran
British gunfire sinks Destroyer (Torpilleur) Tornade (Tornado or Whirlwind) (DD)
British gunfire sinks Destroyer (Torpilleur) Tramontane (North Wind) (DD)
British gunfire sinks Destroyer (Torpilleur) Typhon (Typhoon) (DD)
British gunfire sinks Minesweeper Sloop (Aviso-Dragueur de mines) La Surprise (Surprise) (PMS)
British depth charge and sink Submarine (Sous-marin) Actéon (Action) (SS)
British depth charge and sink Submarine (Sous-marin) Argonaute (Argonaut) (SS)

11/09/42 British gunfire sinks Destroyer (Contre-torpilleur) Épervier (Sparrowhawk) (DL) off Oran


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EASTERN NAVAL TASK FORCE (Algiers, Algeria)
11/05/42 Force O precedes the convoys to Algiers
11/05/42 19:30 Convoy KMS.1 (A) (Slow) passes through Gibraltar
11/05/42 - 11/06/42 during the night Convoy KMF.1 (A) (Fast) passes through Gibraltar
11/06/42 15:30 Convoy KMS.1 (O) (Slow) passes through Gibraltar
11/06/42 22:30 Convoy KMF.1 (O) (Fast) passes through Gibraltar

11/07/42 05:35 U-205 torpedoes Attack Transport USS Thomas Stone (APA-29)
11/07/42 18:00 Convoy KMS.1 (A) (Slow) approaches submarines Shakespeare, P48, and Unrivaled
11/07/42 21:30 Convoy KMS.1 (A) (Slow) arrives off Centre Landing Group: Beach BEER and Eastern Landing Group: Beach CHARLIE
11/07/42 22:45 Convoy KMS.1 (A) (Slow) arrives off Western Landing Group: Beach APPLES

11/08/42 01:00 landings commence for Western Landing Group: Beach APPLES
11/08/42 01:00 landings commence for Centre Landing Group: Beach BEER
11/08/42 01:30 landings commence for Eastern Landing Group: Beach CHARLIE

11/08/42 Operation TERMINAL (Algiers, Algeria)
Sunk by French gunfire Destroyer HMS Broke (D 83)
Severely damaged by French gunfire Destroyer HMS Malcolm (D 19)

11/08/42 off Algiers 34x Heinkel He-111 bombers raid ships with torpedo and bomb attacks


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11/08/42 German aircraft imobilize Attack Transport USS Leedstown (AP-73) at Algiers
11/08/42 Axis air attack causes extensive damage to Escort Destroyer HMS Cowdray (L 52) at Algiers


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11/09/42 a flight RAF Spitfires from Gibraltar land at a French airfield are captured and used to strafe the beaches and ships at Beach ZEBRA
11/09/42 Corvette HMS Gardenia (K 99) is sunk in a collision with Minesweeper Trawler HMS Fluellen (T 157) at 35º49'N, 01º05'W off Oran
11/09/42 a few Heinkel He-111 bombers raid ships off Algiers but cause no damage
11/09/42 13:00 Attack Transport USS Leedstown (AP-73) sunk by 2x German bombers at Algiers
11/09/42 15:40 Ships and the dock at Algiers are bombed by 7x German bombers
11/09/42 16:45 the transport Exceller (USA) is damaged by three bombs at Algiers


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11/10/42 03:54 U-431 sinks Destroyer HMS Martin (G 44) position 37º53'N, 03º57'E off Algiers
11/10/42 Sloop HMS Ibis (U99) Sunk by Italian torpedo bombers 10 miles north of Algiers 36º55'N 03º05'E during attacks.
11/10/42 Anti-Submarine Trawler HMS Lord Nuffield (FY 221) sinks the Italian submarine Emo off Algiers.

11/10/42 - 11/14/42 Operation Perpetual The Assault on Bougie and Djidjelli

11/10/42 Convoy KX.5 arrives at Gibraltar


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11/11/42 05:24 U-407 sinks Landing Ship Infantry (L) Viceroy of India (19,627 tons) (CW) 34 miles northwest of Oran returning to Gibraltar from Torch

11/11/42 06:00 off Oran Convoy KMS.2G (Slow) divides into Convoy KMS.2 (A) (Slow) and Convoy KMS.2 (O) (Slow) off Oran, Algeria.
11/11/42 Convoy KMS.2 (O) (Slow) arrives at Oran, Algeria

11/11/42 Bougie, Algeria
Axis Ju-88 bombers damage Monitor HMS Frederick Roberts (F.40)
Axis Junkers Ju-88 bombers and Heinkel He-111 torpedo bombers sink Landing Ship Infantry (L) Awatea (13,482 tons) (CW)

11/11/42 13:08 U-380 sinks Landing Ship Infantry (L) Nieuw Zeeland (11,069 tons) (Netherlands) 80 miles from Gibraltar returning from Torch

11/11/42 19:48 - 19:56 off Fedala, French Morocco firing at the anchored ships U-173:
Sinks Attack Transport USS Joseph Hewes (AP-50) (9,359 tons)
Damages Destroyer USS Samuel Hambleton (DD-455)
Damages Fleet Oiler USS Winooski (AO-38) (9,900 tons)


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11/12/42 Convoy KMS.2 (A) (Slow) arrives at Algiers, Algeria

11/12/42 02:06 U-515 sinks Destroyer Depot Ship HMS Hecla (10,850 tons) west of Gibraltar
11/12/42 02:11 U-515 causes extensive damage to Destroyer HMS Marne (G 35) west of Gibraltar
11/12/42 05:16 U-593 sinks Transport SS Browning (5,332 tons) (CW) at 35°53'N, 00°33'W off Oran

11/12/42 18:28 off Fedala, French Morocco with one salvo U-130 sinks:
Attack Transport USS Tasker H. Bliss (AP-42) (12,568 tons)
Attack Transport USS Hugh L. Scott (AP-43) (12,579 tons)
Attack Transport USS Edward Rutledge (AP-52) (ex SS Exeter) (9,360 tons)

11/12/42 U-660 scuttles after sustaining damage by depth charges from Corvette HMS Lotus (K 130) and Corvette HMS Starwort (K 20) near Oran 36°07'N, 01°00'W

11/12/42 Bougie, Algeria
Italian submarine Argo sinks Anti-aircraft Ship HMS Tynwald
Axis Junkers Ju-88 aircraft sink Landing Ship Infantry (L) HMS Cathay (15,225 tons)
Axis aircraft sink Landing Ship Infantry (L) HMS Karanja (F 128) (9,891 tons)
Italian Submarine Platino torpedoes Transport SS Narkunda (16,632 tons) (CW) 36º52'N, 05º01'E


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11/13/42 06:15 U-431 sinks Destroyer HNMS Isaac Sweers (G 83) at 37º23'N, 02º12'E
11/13/42 U-411 sunk by 4 depth charges from a British Hudson aircraft (Squadron 500/D) in the North Atlantic west of Gibraltar in position 36°00'N, 09°53'W


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11/14/42 Axis aircraft sink Transport SS Narkunda (16,632 tons) (CW) leaving Bougie, Algeria
11/14/42 08:57 U-413 sinks Landing Ship Infantry (L) Warwick Castle (20,107 tons) (CW) 200 miles northwest of Cape Espichel, Portugal

11/14/42 U-595 sunk by depth charges from 2 British Hudson aircraft (Squadron 608/C and D) Northeast of Oran 36°38'N, 00°30'E
11/14/42 U-605 sunk by depth charges from a British Hudson aircraft (Squadron 233/B) near Algiers 36°20'N, 01°01'W


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11/15/42 U-98 sunk by depth charges from the Destroyer HMS Wrestler (D 35) west of Gibraltar in position 36°09'N, 07°42'W

11/15/42 04:14 120 miles northwest of Gibraltar
U-155 sinks Auxiliary Aircraft Carrier HMS Avenger (D14)
U-155 sinks Landing Ship Infantry (L) Ettrick (11,279 tons) (CW)
U-155 damages Attack Cargo Ship USS Almaack (AKA-10)

11/15/42 07:40 U-173 damages Cargo Transport USS Electra (AK-21) (8,113 tons) off French Morocco returning to Gibraltar

11/15/42 U-259 sunk by depth charges from British Hudson aircraft (Squadron 500/S) north of Algiers 37.20N, 03.05E

11/15/42 Submarine (Sous-marin) Le Tonnant (SS) Scuttled at Cadiz


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11/16/42 U-173 sunk by depth charges from Destroyers USS Melancthon Brooks Woolsey (DD-437), USS Claude Augustus Swanson (DD-443), and USS John Henry Quick (DD-490) at Casablanca 33º40’N, 07º35’W


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11/17/42 U-331 badly damaged by a Hudson aircraft (Squadron 500) she signaled surrender to a seaplane but was sunk by a torpedo-equipped Fairey Albacore (No. 820 Squadron FAA) from Aircraft Carrier HMS Formidable (67) north of Algiers in position 37.05N, 02.27E


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11/23/42 Convoy KMF.3 arrives at Algiers, Algeria


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11/26/42 Convoy KMS.3 arrives at Bone, Algeria


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12/12/42 05:00 Decima Flottiglia MAS Raids Algiers (all 18 members are captured)
Transport SS Empire Centaur (7,041 tons) (CW) heavily damaged at Algiers by limpet mine attached by Italian frogmen from the submarine Ambra
Liberty Ship SS Ocean Vanquisher (7,174 tons) (CW) heavily damaged northwest of Algiers by limpet mine attached by Italian frogmen from the submarine Ambra
Transport SS Harmattan (4,558 tons) (CW) beached to avoid sinking after being damaged in Bay of Algiers by limpet mine attached by Italian frogmen from the submarine Ambra
Transport SS Berto (ex Botnia ex Medemi) (1,493 tons) (Norway) sunk at Algiers by limpet mine attached by Italian frogmen from the submarine Ambra


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11/23/42 Axis torpedo bomber severely damages Transport RMS Scythia (19,761 tons) (CW) at Algiers
11/24/42 German air attack sinks Transport SS Trentbank (5,060 tons) (CW) off Algeria


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11/26/42 Convoy KMS.3G from the Clyde, Scotland to Bone, Algeria


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12/13/42 Convoy KMS.4G arrives at Bone, Algeria


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12/27/42 Convoy KMS.5G arrives at Bone, Algeria


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12/21/42 02:23 U-562 sinks Transport SS Strathallan (23,722 tons) (CW) 36°01'N, 00°33'W 12 miles off Oran


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SLAAKMAN -> RE: For the Purists September 9. 1939 (2/22/2012 6:57:52 PM)

Great job! (This topic should be made a sticky). [:D]




brian brian -> RE: For the Purists September 9. 1939 (2/23/2012 3:31:13 AM)


quote:

ORIGINAL: Extraneous

4th (City of Dundee) Battalion The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) Independent Company




is there any better name for an infantry unit than "The Black Watch" ?




warspite1 -> RE: For the Purists September 9. 1939 (2/23/2012 7:19:48 AM)


quote:

ORIGINAL: brian brian


quote:

ORIGINAL: Extraneous

4th (City of Dundee) Battalion The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) Independent Company




is there any better name for an infantry unit than "The Black Watch" ?

Warspite1

Quite simply, no [&o]




Extraneous -> RE: For the Purists September 9. 1939 (2/23/2012 2:13:19 PM)


quote:

ORIGINAL: brian brian


quote:

ORIGINAL: Extraneous

4th (City of Dundee) Battalion The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) Independent Company




is there any better name for an infantry unit than "The Black Watch" ?



“Black Watch” was originally just a nickname for the 42nd (Royal Highland) Regiment of Foot, but in 1881, when the 42nd amalgamated with the 73rd Regiment of Foot, the new regiment was named “The Black Watch (Royal Highlanders)”. The uniform changed over time, but the nickname has been more enduring. The regimental motto was “Nemo me impune lacessit” (no one attacks me with impunity).

Nicknames:
"Ladies from Hell" (during WWI)
"The Forty Twa" (from regimental number - 42) (spelling is correct: Twa)
Black Jocks (slang term used by members of other regiments)

To my knowledge the 42nd was only defeated twice in its history. When General Lord Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown and at the Battle of New Orleans.






micheljq -> RE: For the Purists September 9. 1939 (2/23/2012 4:14:50 PM)

There are many Black Watch. There is a canadian regiment black watch in Montreal. I believe it's a militia now. I also believe 4 companies of this regiment (the canadian one) were almost entirely eliminated during WW2 in the battle around Antwerp in 1944.

The black watch name is even older than 19th century. Black Watch units were raised in Scotland in the 17th and 18th centuries. Originally their job was to check some rebellious highland's clans.




Extraneous -> RE: For the Purists September 9. 1939 (4/9/2012 10:54:27 PM)

Just some really good links I've found while researching Operation TORCH.


WORLD NAVIES YESTERDAY (line drawings)

British Submarine histories

Italian Naval Federations in WW2 (Multilingual)






warspite1 -> RE: For the Purists September 9. 1939 (4/9/2012 11:05:51 PM)


quote:

ORIGINAL: Extraneous

Just some really good links I've found while researching Operation TORCH.


WORLD NAVIES YESTERDAY (line drawings)

British Submarine histories

Italian Naval Federations in WW2 (Multilingual)



Warspite1

Good find on the line drawings - excellent site. Shame the QE-class drawing is Malaya or Barham not Warspite, Valiant or QE but really good to see the drawings at that scale [:)]




Extraneous -> RE: For the Purists September 9. 1939 (4/9/2012 11:18:49 PM)

Here is the current list of links for Operation Torch

Naval Information
Awards for Britain's Navy: http://www.britainsnavy.co.uk/Battle%20Honours/North%20Africa%201942-43.htm
British Aircraft Carriers: http://www.royalnavyresearcharchive.org.uk/ESCORT/index.htm
British Officers: http://www.unithistories.com/
British Submarines: http://home.cogeco.ca/~gchalcraft/sm/index.htm
British Submarines: 10th Submarine Flotilla http://www.killifish.f9.co.uk/Malta%20WWII/Submarines.htm
French Oran Fleet: http://homepage.ntlworld.com/andrew.etherington/1942/11/08.htm
Halcyon Class Minesweepers (Speedwell): http://www.halcyon-class.co.uk/speedwell/speedwell_1942.htm
Harbour Defence Motor Launch (HDML): http://www.hmsmedusa.org.uk/index.html
Hyperwar: Vichy French Navy: http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/ETO/Ultra/SRH-BA-Appendix/Appendix-17.html
Hyperwar: WAR AT SEA 1939-1945 VOLUME II THE PERIOD OF BALANCE http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/UN/UK/UK-RN-II/index.html#index
Hyperwar: THE AFRICAN CAMPAIGNS 1st August - 31st December, 1942 http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/UN/UK/UK-RN-II/UK-RN-II-13.html
Hyperwar: Appendix H Torch Composition of Allied Naval Forces: http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/UN/UK/UK-RN-II/UK-RN-II-H.html
Hyperwar: Creation of Allied Force http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/rep/TORCH/DDE-Torch.html
Italian Naval Federations in WW2 (Multilingual) http://www.multilingualarchive.com/ma/dewiki/en/Italienische_Marineverb%c3%a4nde_im_Zweiten_Weltkrieg
Naval History Net http://www.navsource.org/
Naval History Net BRITISH and OTHER NAVIES DAY-BY-DAY http://www.naval-history.net/xDKWW2-3900Intro.htm
Naval History Net ADMIRALTY WAR DIARIES and REPORTS http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKWarDiaries-Contents.htm
Naval History Net ADMIRALTY WAR DIARIES and REPORTS NORTH ATLANTIC COMMAND, GIBRALTAR - August to December 1942 http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKWD-NAtGib1942b.htm
Naval History Net ADMIRALTY WAR DIARIES and REPORTS WEST AFRICA COMMAND, FREETOWN - April to December 1942 http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKWD-WAfrica1942.htm
Naval History Net Service Histories by Name, Type, and Class http://wow.naval-history.net/xGM-aContents.htm
Naval History Net NAVAL EVENTS, APRIL-DECEMBER 1942 http://www.naval-history.net/xDKWW2-4204-44APR-DEC.htm
Naval History Net FLOWER-CLASS CORVETTES PART 1: Abelia to Azalea http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKEscorts20Cor-Flower01.htm
Naval History Net FLOWER-CLASS CORVETTES PART 2: Balsam to Campion http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKEscorts20Cor-Flower02.htm
Naval History Net FLOWER-CLASS CORVETTES PART 3: Candytuft to Cyclamen http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKEscorts20Cor-Flower03.htm
Naval History Net FLOWER-CLASS CORVETTES PART 4: Dahlia to Gentian http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKEscorts20Cor-Flower04.htm
Naval History Net FLOWER-CLASS CORVETTES PART 5: Geranium to Hibiscus http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKEscorts20Cor-Flower05.htm
Naval History Net FLOWER-CLASS CORVETTES PART 6: Hollyhock to Lavender http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKEscorts20Cor-Flower06.htm
Naval History Net FLOWER-CLASS CORVETTES PART 7: Loosestrife to Myosotis http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKEscorts20Cor-Flower07.htm
Naval History Net FLOWER-CLASS CORVETTES PART 8: Narcissus to Potentilla http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKEscorts20Cor-Flower08.htm
Naval History Net FLOWER-CLASS CORVETTES PART 9: Primrose to Stonecrop http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKEscorts20Cor-Flower09.htm
Naval History Net FLOWER-CLASS CORVETTES PART 10: Sunflower to Royal Indian Navy - Hyderabad http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKEscorts20Cor-Flower10.htm
The Patriot Files http://www.patriotfiles.com/index.php?name=Sections
Navweps OOB Casablanca: http://www.navweaps.com/index_oob/OOB_WWII_Mediterranean/OOB_WWII_Casablanca.htm
Navships WW2 Cruisers http://www.world-war.co.uk/index.php3
Netherlands Navy: http://www.netherlandsnavy.nl/
Polish Navy: http://www.polishnavy.pl/index.html
Royal Canadian Navy: http://cnrs-scrn.org/northern_mariner/vol03/tnm_3_4_1-17.pdf
Royal Navy Research Archive: Royal Navy Escort Carriers http://www.royalnavyresearcharchive.org.uk/ESCORT/index.htm
Corvette HMS Violet http://www.platenboring.com/violet/
Sloop HMS Stork: http://www.secondworldwar.org.uk/stork.html
Trawlers - HULL STEAM/SIDEWINDER INDEX: http://hulltrawler.net/Sidewinder.html
U-boat Net http://uboat.net/
US Ships Transferred to Britain http://www.navweaps.com/index_tech/tech-072.htm
World Naval Ships Forums: Palomares & Pozarica http://www.worldnavalships.com/forums/showthread.php?t=8896
WORLD NAVIES YESTERDAY http://www.navypedia.org/retro_view/yesterday_index.htm

Merchant and Convoy Information
Siri Holm Lawson Warsailors.com: http://www.warsailors.com/convoys/kmsconvoys.html
Arnold Hague Convoy Database http://www.convoyweb.org.uk/hague/index.html
Liberty Ships: http://www.usmm.org/libertyships.html
Ocean class Liberty Ships: http://fortships.tripod.com/oceans.htm
Belgian Merchant Ships http://www.belgian-navy.be/t3636-un-bateau-nomme-sambre
Clydebuilt Database: http://clydesite.co.uk/clydebuilt/viewship.asp?id=9961
The Blue Star Line: http://www.bluestarline.org/lamports/browning3.html
The Silver Line: http://oceania.pbworks.com/w/page/8473543/UK_Silver-Line
The Ships List: http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/lines/saint.htm
The Duchess of Bedford: http://www.duchessofbedford.com/ssdob/
Amazon Dot Com: http://www.amazon.com/If-Perish-Frontline-Nurses-World/dp/product-description/0375415149
History of the Atlantic Cable & Undersea Communications: http://atlantic-cable.com/Cableships/Mirror(2)/index.htm
Naval Armed Guard Afloat http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USN/Admin-Hist/173-ArmedGuards/173-AG-6.html
Blue Flue losses WW2 http://www.shipsnostalgia.com/showthread.php?t=36027

Air unit Information
Fleet Air Arm: http://www.fleetairarmarchive.net/Ships/Aircraftcarrierindex.html
Operation Torch Aircraft: http://uncleted.jinak.cz/utorch.htm
52nd Fighter Group http://raf-112-squadron.org/52nd_fg.html
U.S. Navy Squadron Designations and Abbreviations http://www.history.navy.mil/branches/squades.htm

Army unit Information
General’s names: http://www.generals.dk/
North African Landing Beaches: http://www.history.army.mil/brochures/algeria/algeria.htm
Hyperwar: WESTERN NAVAL TASK FORCE: Northern Attack Group: Operation Goalpost (Port-Lyautey, French Morocco) http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-MTO-NWA/USA-MTO-NWA-8.html
Hyperwar: WESTERN NAVAL TASK FORCE: Center Attack Group: Operation Brushwood (Fedala, French Morocco) http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-MTO-NWA/USA-MTO-NWA-7.html
Hyperwar: WESTERN NAVAL TASK FORCE: Southern Attack Group: Operation Blackstone (Safi, French Morocco) http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-MTO-NWA/USA-MTO-NWA-6.html
Hyperwar: CENTRAL NAVAL TASK FORCE: Oran landings http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-MTO-NWA/USA-MTO-NWA-11.html
Hyperwar: EASTERN NAVAL TASK FORCE: Algiers landings http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-MTO-NWA/USA-MTO-NWA-13.html
Hyperwar: 1st Infantry Division (USA) boat employment http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/rep/TORCH/1InfDiv_FO-1/index.html
Gibraltar Command 1942 http://74.6.238.254/search/srpcache?ei=UTF-8&p=Gibraltar+1942&xa=mg.dLHibBSWUPXf7rPMLWA--%2C1321111203&fr=yfp-t-471&u=http://cc.bingj.com/cache.aspx?q=Gibraltar+1942&d=4532668314747426&mkt=en-US&setlang=en-US&w=352e3f24,55c6b5f6&icp=1&.intl=us&sig=uzvTTAG0G8y4KoULH_TJoA--
Malta http://warships1discussionboards.yuku.com/topic/17700/Looking-for-OOB-on-British-Army-1940-43?page=2

Maps
Hyperwar: Map 32. Operation 'TORCH' - Outward movements of assault and advance convoys http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/UN/UK/UK-RN-II/maps/map32.jpg
Hyperwar: Map 34. Operation TORCH - The Assault on Algiers http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/UN/UK/UK-RN-II/maps/map34.jpg
Hyperwar: Map 35. Operation 'TORCH' - The Assault on Oran http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/UN/UK/UK-RN-II/maps/map35.jpg

Operations
Axis and Allied Operations http://ww2db.com/ref.php?q=
Operation Crupper http://www.gravitazero.org/history/ardeola/ardeola_en.htm
Operation Jubilee (Dieppe): http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_dieppe1.html
Operation Pedestal: http://www.world-war.co.uk/pedestal1.php3
Operation Pedestal: http://www.killifish.f9.co.uk/Malta%20WWII/Pedestal.htm
World Naval ships Forum: Assault on Bougie and Djidjelli ttp://www.worldnavalships.com/forums/showthread.php?t=862
Operation Train: http://www.killifish.f9.co.uk/Malta%20WWII/Operations.htm
Operation Torch Japanese Site needs character font and translation: http://www.wikiled.com/japaneseromajikanji-english-Default.aspx
Operation Torch Japanese Site needs character font and translation: http http://read2ch.com/r/army/1268410478/

Miscellaneous
Translations: http://free-translation.imtranslator.net/default.asp?ldr=ja/en&loc=en
British Abbreviations and Slang http://www.acesofww2.com/abbreviations.htm
U.S. Navy Abbreviations and Symbols http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/abbreviations.htm
U.S. Navy Abbreviations of World War II http://asisbiz.com/Il2/US-Navy-Naval-Abbreviations.html
U.S. Army Glossary of Code Names http://www.history.army.mil/books/wwii/SP1941-42/gloss2.htm






MajorDude -> RE: For the Purists September 9. 1939 (4/10/2012 7:45:54 PM)

Now that's a list. [8D]




Extraneous -> RE: For the Purists September 9. 1939 (4/11/2012 1:58:49 AM)

and it grows and grows and....

Wreck Site EU http://www.wrecksite.eu




Extraneous -> RE: For the Purists September 9. 1939 (4/12/2012 4:23:51 PM)

8th Submarine Flotilla (Gibraltar)
Commanding Officer HMS Maidstone. Captain 8th Submarine Flotilla (Gibraltar, Algiers, Alexandria). Captain George Barney Hamley Fawkes (RN).

Submarine HMS HMS Clyde (12 F)
1942 makes 5 Operation MAGIC CARPET runs.
10/10/42 Submarine HMS HMS Clyde (12 F) makes an unsuccessful attack on Submarine U-605

Submarine HMS P 222 (ex P 72) (P 222)
12/12/42 Torpedo Boat RN Fortunale attacks and sinks Submarine HMS P 222 (P 222) with depth charges in Bay of Naples, southeast of Capri.

Submarine HMS Parthian (75 P)

Submarine HMS Safari (P 211)
10/11/42 Submarine HMS Safari (P 211) sinks Transport SS Titania (5,397 tons) (Italian) east of Tunisia in position 34º45'N, 12º31'E.

Submarine HMS Sahib (P 212)
11/13/42 Submarine HMS Sahib (P 212) sinks Transport SS Scillin (1,903 tons) (Italian) 10 miles north of Cape Milazzo in the Tyrrhenian Sea. SS Scillin was sailing from Tripoli to Sicily transporting about 815 Commonwealth prisoners of war, of which many drowned. HMS Sahib rescued 27 POW's from the water (26 British and one South African) plus the Scillin's captain and 45 Italian crewmembers. Only when the commander of HMS Sahib heard the survivors speaking English, did he realize that he had sunk a ship carrying British POWs and some Italian soldiers. At a subsequent inquiry into this 'friendly fire' tragedy, the commander of HMS Sahib was cleared of any wrongdoing as the SS Scillin was unmarked and at the time he firmly believed that the ship was carrying Italian troops. The Ministry of Defence kept this incident a closely guarded secret for fifty-four years, maintaining that they had died while POW's in Italian camps or simply 'lost at sea'. It was not until 1996, after repeated requests for information from the families of the drowned men that the truth came out.
12/14/42 Submarine HMS Sahib (P 212) torpedoes and sinks the Transport SS Honestas (4,960 tons) (Italian) about 30nm NNW of Cape Bon, Tunisia, 37º29'N, 10º46'E.

Submarine HMS Saracen (P 247)
11/09/42 HMS Saracen torpedoes and sinks the Submarine RN Granito (630 tons, built 1942) near Capo San Vito, Sicily, Italy in position 38º34'N, 12º09'E
11/16/42 09:07 hours HMS Saracen fires three torpedoes against a convoy made up of the Tanker Labor (510 tons) (Itialian), the Tansport SS Menes (5,609 tons) (German) escorted by the Torpedo Boats RN Calliope and RN Climene north of the Gulf of Tunis in position 37º30'N, 10º40'E. All torpedoes fired missed their target(s).
12/17/42 HMS Saracen fires four torpedoes against the Transport SS Ankara (4768 tons) (German) and one of her escorts the Destroyer RN Camicia Nera north of Bizerte, Tunisia. All torpedoes fired missed their targets.

Submarine HMS Seraph (P 219)
10/20/42 - 10/25/42 Operation Flagpole: carried General Mark Clarke, USA and his staff to Algiers, Algeria to meet with General Charles Maret to negotiate an unopposed Allied landing when the time came.
10/27/42 - 11/10/42 Operation Kingpin: smuggling the anti-Vichy General Henri Harove' Giraud from Vichy occupied France to Gibraltar, to rally French North African Forces to the allied cause. He would only co-operate, if the allies pledged him a command in keeping with his rank and reputation. He refused to co-operate with the British, and would only travel in an American Submarine. In consequence, Seraph became American in all respects, under the command of Captain Jerauld Wright USN, causing Seraph to become known as the "Ship with two Captains".

Submarine HMS Shakespeare (P 221)
11/08/42 EASTERN NAVAL TASK FORCE (Algiers, Algeria) Western Landing Group: Beach APPLES ~ performing as beacon to the convoy

Submarine HMS Tigris (63 T)
12/06/42 torpedoed and sank the Submarine RN Porfido about 90nm NNE of Bône, Algeria postion 38º10'N, 08º35'E.


--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
10th Submarine Flotilla (Malta)
Commander Malta Submarine Base Captain George Walter Gillow "Shrimp" Simpson, CB, CBE (RN)

Submarine HMS Umbra (P 35)
10/23/42 Submarine HMS Umbra (P 35) torpedoes and destroys Transport SS Amsterdam (10,873 tons) (Italian), which had been grounded after being hit by a torpedo during an air attack. And sinks the tug Pronta (Italian) that was trying to salvage the Amsterdam.
11/11/42, during Operation Torch, HMS Umbra was ordered to intercept three Littorio-class Italian battleships, which had left their base at Taranto. HMS Umbra sighted, pursued, and watched with frustration as the Italian battleships turned to starboard and passed the very spot HMS Umbra had just vacated. HMS Umbra persisted, and at 16:19 fired one salvo at the trio from 4,000 yards. Captain Simpson, Captain 10th Subnarine Flotilla at Malta, wrote, "For some inexplicable reason, the Captain of HMS Umbra (Lieutenant Maydon) allowed the enemy 29 knots and all torpedoes missed. A P.R.U. (Photographic Reconnaissance Unit) pilot later sighted the battleships and estimated their speed at 15 knots."
12/13/42 Submarine HMS Umbra (P 35) north of Sousse, Tunisia damages the Transport SS Macedonia (2,875 tons) (German), which was beached and abandoned. She also launched an attack on Transport SS Nino Bixio (7,137 tons) (Italian) but missed.

Submarine HMS P 48 (P 48)
11/08/42 EASTERN NAVAL TASK FORCE (Algiers, Algeria) Centre Landing Group: Beach BEER ~ performing as beacon to the convoy
12/25/42 Sunk by depth charges from Destroyer Escorts RN Ardente, RN Ardito and possibly RN Audace, northwest of Zembra Island in the Gulf of Tunis position 37º15'N 10º30'E.

Submarine HMS Una (87N) Sank 1 supply ship, 1 tanker, 1 schooner, totalling 15,355 tons. Carried and used an old (Boer War) 12-pounder gun

Submarine HMS Unbeaten (P 33)
Sank 2 submarines, 2 supply ships, 1 tanker, 1 collier, and 2 schooners, totalling 30,616 tons in 17 patrols from Malta.
11/11/42 a Vickers Wellington bomber from No.172 Squadron RAF attaccks and sinks in error Submarine HMS Unbeaten (P 33) in the Bay of Biscay, position 7º00''N 7º00'W. All hands, 4 officers and 32 crew were lost.

Submarine HMS Unbroken (P 42)
10/10/42 torpedoes and damages the Transport SS Titania (5,397 tons) (Italian) northwest of Tripoi, Libya in position 34º45'N 12º31'E. The Titania is taken in tow by the Destroyer RN Ascari. HMS Unbroken is badly damaged by a counter attack and is repaired at Malta.

Sunmarine HMS Unbending (P 37)
10/19/42 Sunmarine HMS Unbending (P 37) attacks an Axis convoy from Naples bound for Tripoli, sinking Transport SS Beppe (ex Kingarth ex Berwyn ex Mattawa ex Framktor ex Saint Hugo) (4,874 tons) (Italian) and Destroyer RN Giovanni Da Verazzano, south of Pantelleria.

Submarine HMS Unison (P 43)
10/10/42 torpedoes and sinks Transport SS Enrichetta (4,652 tons) (Italian) about 12 nm west-south-west of Kyparissia, Greece poaition 37º11'N 21º26'E.
11/16/42 22:50 fired four torpedoes but missed a medium-sized tanker east of Isola Marettimo, Italy position 37º57'N 11º56'E.

Submarine HMS United (P 44)
10/01/42 torpedoed and (furher) damaged Transport SS Ravenna (1,148 tons) (Italian) near Locri, Calabria, Italy. The Ravenna was already grounded after air attack and a fire on 09/29/42.
10/19/42 torpedoed and damaged the Tanker SS Petrarca (3,329 tons) (Italian) about 20 nm west of Lampedusa Island.
11/08/42 attacked, but missed, the Light Cruiser RN Attilio Regolo with torpedoes off Capo San Vito, Sicily, 38º15'N, 12º47'E. The Attilio Regolo had lost her bow due to an attack the previous day by HMS Unruffled.

Submarine HMS Unrivalled (P 45)
11/08/42 EASTERN NAVAL TASK FORCE (Algiers, Algeria) Eastern Landing Group: Beach CHARLIE ~ performing as beacon to the convoy
12/03/42 Submarine HMS Unrivalled (P 45) torpedoes and damages the Torpedo Boat RN Antonio Mosto in the Gulf of Tunis in position 37º16'N, 10º22'E. Also damages with gunfire the Italian sailing vessel Cesira Curreri (81 GRT) in the Gulf of Tunis in position 37º09'N 10º29'E
12/26/42 Submarine HMS Unrivalled (P 45) sinks with gunfire Auxilery Submarine Chaser RN Margherita (O-97) (69 tons) about 5nm north of Mehedia, Tunisia in position 35º32'N, 11º05'E.
12/31/42 42 Submarine HMS Unrivalled (P 45) torpedoes and sinks the Transport SS Maddalena (345 tons) (Italian) southeast of Mehedia, Tunisia in position 35º18'N, 11º23'E.

Submarine HMS Unruffled (P 46)
10/11/42 sank Transport SS Una (1,391 tons) (Italian) off Capri.
10/13/42 sank Transport SS Loreto (1,053 tons) (Italian) off Capri, 130 POW's aboard were lost.
11/09/42 torpedoed and damaged Italian light cruiser Attilio Regolo west of Sicily, removing the cruiser's bow up to the bridge. Lt Stevens had no more torpedoes, and the cruiser was towed to port by the tug Polifemo, escorted by torpedo boats Cigno, Lince and Abba. United tried to finish off the cruiser, but failed.
12/14/42 sank the Transport SS Castelverde (6,666 tons) (Italian) and Transport SS Honestas (4,959 tons) (Italian) off the Tunisian coast.
12/1542 sank the Transport SS Sant'Antioco (5,050 tons) (Italian) off Tunisia.

Submarine HMS Unseen (P 51)
10/23/42 12:00 arrived at Gibraltar from patrol
11/08/42 CENTRAL NAVAL TASK FORCE (Oran, Algeria) Western Landing Group Beach X-RAY ~ performing as beacon to the convoy

Submarine HMS Unshaken (P 54) (10th Submarine Flotilla element)
11/08/42 CENTRAL NAVAL TASK FORCE (Oran, Algeria) Centre Landing Group: Between X-RAY and Beach YORKER ~ performing as beacon to the convoy

Submarine HMS Uproar (P 31)
11/29/42 attacks but misses the Light Cruiser RN Raimondo Montecuccoli about 70 nautical miles south of Taranto, Italy at position 39º20'N 17º33'E.

Submarine HMS Ursula (N 59)
11/08/42 CENTRAL NAVAL TASK FORCE (Oran, Algeria) Eastern Landing Group Beach ZEBRA ~ performing as beacon to the convoy
11/11/42 (Lt. R.B. Lakin, DSC, RN) attacked, but missed, the German Type VIIB U-boat U-73 off Cabo de Gata, Spain in position 36º42'N 01º46W
12/01/42 sank Auxiliary Submarine Chaser RN Togo (V 135) (108 GRT) with scuttling charges 15 miles south of Cape Mele, Corsica.
12/03/42 torpedoed and sank Transport SS Sainte Marguerite II (1,855 tons) (German) near San Remo, Italy.
12/28/42 torpedoed and sank Transport SS Odysseus (ex Gran (Norwegian)) (4,140 tons) (German) about 12 nm NW of Marettimo Island, Italy in position 38º09'N 11º54'E.

Submarine HMS Utmost (ex 19N ex N 19) (P 42)
10/13/42 sank Tanker SS Languste (ex Oberschlesien (German) ex Nautilus (Italian)) (2,070 tons) (German) off Cape Figari, Sardinia, Italy in position 41º01'N, 09º38'E.
11/23/42 possibly attacked, but missed, Auxiliary Minelayer RN Barletta (332 GRT) with torpedoes about 40 nm north-west of Capo San Vita, Sicily, Italy in position 38º31'N, 12º01'E.
11/25/42 sunk by depth charges from the Torpedo Boat RN Groppo northwest of Sicily in position 36.30N, 12.00E.

Submarine HMS Porpoise (N 14)
10/03/42 laid a minefield (46 mines) west of Tobruk, Libya.
11/18/42 torpedoed and sank the Tanker SS Giulio Giordani (10,535 tons) (Italian) about 45nm northeast Misurata, Libya position 32º58'N 15º38'E.
11/19/42 torpedoed but missed Auxiliary Patrol Vessel RN Fertilia (F 39) (223 tons) off the Libyan coast.
11/23/42 sinks Auxiliary Patrol Vessel RN Fertilia (F 39) (223 tons) with gunfire off Kerkennah, Tunisia.





Extraneous -> RE: For the Purists September 9. 1939 (7/31/2012 1:18:12 PM)

Naval Information
Awards for Britain's Navy: http://www.britainsnavy.co.uk/Battle%20Honours/North%20Africa%201942-43.htm
British Escort Aircraft Carriers: http://www.royalnavyresearcharchive.org.uk/ESCORT/index.htm
British Officers: http://www.unithistories.com/
British Submarines: http://home.cogeco.ca/~gchalcraft/sm/index.htm
British Submarines: 10th Submarine Flotilla http://www.killifish.f9.co.uk/Malta%20WWII/Submarines.htm
French Oran Fleet: http://homepage.ntlworld.com/andrew.etherington/1942/11/08.htm
Halcyon Class Minesweepers (Speedwell): http://www.halcyon-class.co.uk/speedwell/speedwell_1942.htm
Harbour Defence Motor Launch (HDML): http://www.hmsmedusa.org.uk/index.html
Hyperwar: Vichy French Navy: http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/ETO/Ultra/SRH-BA-Appendix/Appendix-17.html
Hyperwar: WAR AT SEA 1939-1945 VOLUME II THE PERIOD OF BALANCE http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/UN/UK/UK-RN-II/index.html#index
Hyperwar: THE AFRICAN CAMPAIGNS 1st August - 31st December, 1942 http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/UN/UK/UK-RN-II/UK-RN-II-13.html
Hyperwar: Appendix H Torch Composition of Allied Naval Forces http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/UN/UK/UK-RN-II/UK-RN-II-H.html
Hyperwar: Creation of Allied Force http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/rep/TORCH/DDE-Torch.html
Hyperwar: The End of Operation TORCH: Bougie, Djidjelli, and Bône http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-MTO-NWA/USA-MTO-NWA-15.html
Italian Naval Federations in WW2 (Multilingual) http://www.multilingualarchive.com/ma/dewiki/en/Italienische_Marineverb%c3%a4nde_im_Zweiten_Weltkrieg
Naval Source http://www.navsource.org/
Naval History Net BRITISH and OTHER NAVIES DAY-BY-DAY http://www.naval-history.net/xDKWW2-3900Intro.htm
Naval History Net BRITISH and OTHER NAVIES DAY-BY-DAY NAVAL EVENTS, APRIL-DECEMBER 1942 http://www.naval-history.net/xDKWW2-4204-44APR-DEC.htm
Naval History Net ADMIRALTY WAR DIARIES: NORTH ATLANTIC COMMAND, GIBRALTAR - August to December 1942 http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKWD-NAtGib1942b.htm
Naval History Net ADMIRALTY WAR DIARIES: MEDITERRANEAN FLEET - October to December 1942 http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKWD-MedFleet1942c.htm
Naval History Net ADMIRALTY WAR DIARIES: MALTA COMMAND - April to December 1942 http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKWD-Malta1942a.htm
Naval History Net ADMIRALTY WAR DIARIES: WEST AFRICA COMMAND, FREETOWN - April to December 1942 http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKWD-WAfrica1942.htm
Naval History Net Service Histories by Name, Type, and Class http://wow.naval-history.net/xGM-aContents.htm
Naval History Net FLOWER-CLASS CORVETTES PART 1: Abelia to Azalea http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKEscorts20Cor-Flower01.htm
Naval History Net FLOWER-CLASS CORVETTES PART 2: Balsam to Campion http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKEscorts20Cor-Flower02.htm
Naval History Net FLOWER-CLASS CORVETTES PART 3: Candytuft to Cyclamen http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKEscorts20Cor-Flower03.htm
Naval History Net FLOWER-CLASS CORVETTES PART 4: Dahlia to Gentian http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKEscorts20Cor-Flower04.htm
Naval History Net FLOWER-CLASS CORVETTES PART 5: Geranium to Hibiscus http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKEscorts20Cor-Flower05.htm
Naval History Net FLOWER-CLASS CORVETTES PART 6: Hollyhock to Lavender http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKEscorts20Cor-Flower06.htm
Naval History Net FLOWER-CLASS CORVETTES PART 7: Loosestrife to Myosotis http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKEscorts20Cor-Flower07.htm
Naval History Net FLOWER-CLASS CORVETTES PART 8: Narcissus to Potentilla http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKEscorts20Cor-Flower08.htm
Naval History Net FLOWER-CLASS CORVETTES PART 9: Primrose to Stonecrop http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKEscorts20Cor-Flower09.htm
Naval History Net FLOWER-CLASS CORVETTES PART 10: Sunflower to Royal Indian Navy - Hyderabad http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKEscorts20Cor-Flower10.htm
The Patriot Files http://www.patriotfiles.com/index.php?name=Sections
Navweps OOB Casablanca: http://www.navweaps.com/index_oob/OOB_WWII_Mediterranean/OOB_WWII_Casablanca.htm
Navships WW2 Cruisers http://www.world-war.co.uk/index.php3
Netherlands Navy: http://www.netherlandsnavy.nl/
Netherlands Submarines: http://www.dutchsubmarines.com/index.htm
Polish Navy: http://www.polishnavy.pl/index.html
Royal Canadian Navy: http://cnrs-scrn.org/northern_mariner/vol03/tnm_3_4_1-17.pdf
Royal Navy Research Archive: Royal Navy Escort Carriers http://www.royalnavyresearcharchive.org.uk/ESCORT/index.htm
Corvette HMS Violet http://www.platenboring.com/violet/
Sloop HMS Stork: http://www.secondworldwar.org.uk/stork.html
Trawlers - HULL STEAM/SIDEWINDER INDEX: http://hulltrawler.net/Sidewinder.html
U-boat Net http://uboat.net/
US Ships Transferred to Britain http://www.navweaps.com/index_tech/tech-072.htm
World Naval Ships Forums: Palomares & Pozarica http://www.worldnavalships.com/forums/showthread.php?t=8896
WORLD NAVIES YESTERDAY http://www.navypedia.org/retro_view/yesterday_index.htm
The South African Military History Society http://samilitaryhistory.org/vol013hk.html

Merchant and Convoy Information
Siri Holm Lawson Warsailors.com http://www.warsailors.com/convoys/index.html
Arnold Hague Convoy Database http://www.convoyweb.org.uk/hague/index.html
Liberty Ships: http://www.usmm.org/libertyships.html
Ocean class Liberty Ships: http://fortships.tripod.com/oceans.htm
Belgian Merchant Ships http://www.belgian-navy.be/t3636-un-bateau-nomme-sambre
Clydebuilt Database: http://clydesite.co.uk/clydebuilt/viewship.asp?id=9961
The Blue Star Line: http://www.bluestarline.org/lamports/browning3.html
The Silver Line: http://oceania.pbworks.com/w/page/8473543/UK_Silver-Line
The Ships List: http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/lines/saint.htm
The Duchess of Bedford: http://www.duchessofbedford.com/ssdob/
Amazon Dot Com: http://www.amazon.com/If-Perish-Frontline-Nurses-World/dp/product-description/0375415149
History of the Atlantic Cable & Undersea Communications: http://atlantic-cable.com/Cableships/Mirror(2)/index.htm
Naval Armed Guard Afloat http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USN/Admin-Hist/173-ArmedGuards/173-AG-6.html
Blue Flue losses WW2 http://www.shipsnostalgia.com/showthread.php?t=36027
United States Maritime Commission C1 and C1-M Type Ships http://www.usmm.org/c1ships.html
Pier 70 San Francisco ~ Ships Built in San Francisco: Pre-World War II http://www.pier70sf.org/history/shipsBuilt/ShipsBuiltpreWW2.html
http://www.convoyweb.org.uk/oskms/search.php?searWords=on&Send=Search&match=2&search=0&items=10&start=50

Air unit Information
Fleet Air Arm: http://www.fleetairarmarchive.net/Ships/Aircraftcarrierindex.html
Operation Torch Aircraft: http://uncleted.jinak.cz/utorch.htm
52nd Fighter Group http://raf-112-squadron.org/52nd_fg.html
U.S. Navy Squadron Designations and Abbreviations http://www.history.navy.mil/branches/squades.htm
Martlesham Heath Aviation Society http://www.mhas.org.uk/MHAS/runway22/200609.pdf

Army unit Information
General’s names: http://www.generals.dk/
North African Landing Beaches: http://www.history.army.mil/brochures/algeria/algeria.htm
Hyperwar: WESTERN NAVAL TASK FORCE: Northern Attack Group: Operation Goalpost (Port-Lyautey, French Morocco) http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-MTO-NWA/USA-MTO-NWA-8.html
Hyperwar: WESTERN NAVAL TASK FORCE: Center Attack Group: Operation Brushwood (Fedala, French Morocco) http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-MTO-NWA/USA-MTO-NWA-7.html
Hyperwar: WESTERN NAVAL TASK FORCE: Southern Attack Group: Operation Blackstone (Safi, French Morocco) http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-MTO-NWA/USA-MTO-NWA-6.html
Hyperwar: CENTRAL NAVAL TASK FORCE: Oran landings http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-MTO-NWA/USA-MTO-NWA-11.html
Hyperwar: EASTERN NAVAL TASK FORCE: Algiers landings http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-MTO-NWA/USA-MTO-NWA-13.html
Hyperwar: 1st Infantry Division (USA) boat employment http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/rep/TORCH/1InfDiv_FO-1/index.html
Gibraltar Command 1942 http://74.6.238.254/search/srpcache?ei=UTF-8&p=Gibraltar+1942&xa=mg.dLHibBSWUPXf7rPMLWA--%2C1321111203&fr=yfp-t-471&u=http://cc.bingj.com/cache.aspx?q=Gibraltar+1942&d=4532668314747426&mkt=en-US&setlang=en-US&w=352e3f24,55c6b5f6&icp=1&.intl=us&sig=uzvTTAG0G8y4KoULH_TJoA--
Malta http://warships1discussionboards.yuku.com/topic/17700/Looking-for-OOB-on-British-Army-1940-43?page=2

Maps
Hyperwar: Map 32. Operation TORCH - Outward movements of assault and advance convoys http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/UN/UK/UK-RN-II/maps/map32.jpg
Hyperwar: Map 34. Operation TORCH - The Assault on Algiers http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/UN/UK/UK-RN-II/maps/map34.jpg
Hyperwar: Map 35. Operation TORCH - The Assault on Oran http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/UN/UK/UK-RN-II/maps/map35.jpg

Operations
Axis and Allied Operations http://ww2db.com/ref.php?q=
Operation Crupper http://www.gravitazero.org/history/ardeola/ardeola_en.htm
Operation Jubilee (Dieppe): http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_dieppe1.html
Operation Pedestal (Malta): http://www.world-war.co.uk/pedestal1.php3
Operation Pedestal (Malta): http://www.killifish.f9.co.uk/Malta%20WWII/Pedestal.htm
Operation Pedestal Assault on Bougie and Djidjelli: World Naval ships Forum http://www.worldnavalships.com/forums/showthread.php?t=862
Operation Train: http://www.killifish.f9.co.uk/Malta%20WWII/Operations.htm
Operation Torch Japanese Site needs character font and translation: http://www.wikiled.com/japaneseromajikanji-english-Default.aspx
Operation Torch Japanese Site needs character font and translation: http http://read2ch.com/r/army/1268410478/

Miscellaneous
Wreck Site EU http://www.wrecksite.eu
Translations: http://dictionary.reverso.net/italian-english/
British Abbreviations and Slang http://www.acesofww2.com/abbreviations.htm
U.S. Navy Abbreviations and Symbols http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/abbreviations.htm
U.S. Navy Abbreviations of World War II http://asisbiz.com/Il2/US-Navy-Naval-Abbreviations.html
U.S. Army Glossary of Code Names http://www.history.army.mil/books/wwii/SP1941-42/gloss2.htm

ANCXF - Allied Naval Commander Expeditionary Force ~ Admiral Sir Andrew Browne "ABC" Cunningham KT, GCB, DSO and 2 Bars (RN)
AOC Eastern Air Command - Air Officer Commanding Eastern Air Command ~ Air Marshal Sir William Lawrie Welsh KCB, DSC, AFC (RAF)
FOIC - Fleet Officer in Charge ~ British naval officer in charge of a port
NCWNTF - Naval Commander Western Naval Task Force ~ Rear-Admiral Henry Kent Hewitt (USN)

Bône, Algeria is now known as Annaba, Algeria
* - No actual dates or time found for the ship{s) joining but multiple confirmations that they were in this group at this approximate time.

Operation AGREEMENT (commando raid on Tobruk): due to bad sea conditions British Commandos from Submarine HMS Taku (N 38) fail to set up beacons on the shore to guide the main British force.

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OPERATION TORCH OCTOBER 1942 SUMMARY
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October 1, 1942 Thursday
10/01/42 Submarine HMS Taku (N 38) arrives at Beirut from patrol and Operation AGREEMENT.
10/01/42 Submarine HMS United (P 44) torpedoes and (furher) damages Transport SS Ravenna (1,148 tons) (Italy) near Locri, Calabria, Italy. The Ravenna was already grounded after air attack and a fire on 09/29/42.

October 2, 1942 Friday
10/02/42 11:07 Submarine HMS Safari (P 211) attacked with gunfire and torpedo Transport SS Veglia (ex Kosovo, Yugoslava) (896 tons) (Italy) which beached itself off Korcula, Croatia in position 42º57'N 17º17'E and was observed still on fire eleven hours later.
10/02/42 Convoy KX.1 from the Clyde, Scotland Minesweeper Trawlers: HMS Jura, HMS Stronsay, HMS Rousay, and HMS Ruskholm Merchant Ships: 6
10/02/42 Submarine HMS Rorqual (N 74) arrives at Malta with petrol, aircraft torpedoes, and a small quantity of vital stores.

10/02/42 Operation MAZ.1 Three MTBs were sail from Paphos to attack shipping in the vicinity of Rhodes. Nothing was found and the alternative plan was carried out. Torpedoes were fired into the harbor and five explosions were heard. There were two ships in the harbor but the results of the operation were not known.

October 3, 1942 Saturday
10/03/42 joins Convoy KX.1 from the United Kingdom Corvettes: KNM Rose, HMS Penstemon, and HMS Starwort
10/03/42 Submarine HMS Porpoise (N 14) laid a minefield (46 mines) west of Tobruk, Libya.
10/03/42 Submarine HMS Parthian (N 75) arrives Malta with a small quantity of stores.

October 4, 1942 Sunday
10/04/42 07:44 Submarine HMS Safari (P 211) damages by gunfire (one hit at a range of 5.500 yards) Transport SS Valentino Coda (4,485 tons) (Italy) southbound off Gargano Head.
10/04/42 joins Convoy KX.1 from the United Kingdom Sloop: HMS Ibis
10/04/42 Submarine HMS Unbroken (P 42) returns to Malta from patrol in the Misurata area

October 4, 1942 Sunday
10/04/42 Convoy WS.23 from Oversay, England to Freetown, Sierra Leone Light Cruisers: HMS Despatch and HMS Durban Destroyers: HMS Antelope, HMS Beagle, HMS Bicester, HMS Puckeridge, HMS Wrestler, HMS Velox, and RHS Kanaris Armed Merchant Cruisers: HMS Carthage and HMS Queen of Bermuda Merchant ships: 8

October 5, 1942 Monday
10/05/42 11:25 Submarine HMS Safari (P 211) damages by gunfire (twenty hits out of twenty rounds) Transport SS Eneo (545 tons) (Italy) seven miles south of south of Sebenik, Yugoslavia in position 43º38'N, 15º52'E. The ship was beached on Tara.
10/05/42 Submarine HMS Una (N 87) returns to Malta from patrol in the Kuriat area

October 6, 1942 Tuesday
10/06/42 Submarine HMS Clyde (N 12) arrives at Malta from Gibraltar with petrol and stores.
10/06/42 Submarine HMS Thrasher (N 37) departs from Beirut for her 13th war patrol. She is ordered to patrol in the Aegean Sea.

October 8, 1942 Thursday
10/08/42 07:35 Submarine HMS Turbulent (N 98) sinks a small eastbound merchant vessel north of Ras el Hilal.
10/08/42 16:20 Submarine HMS Unbending (P 37) attacks with gunfire Coaster SS Lupa (379 tons) (Italy). The enemy promptly abandoned ship. The coaster was boarded, some papers were captured and she was sunk by a demolition charge. She was carrying a cargo of wine and foodstuffs in position 33º41'N 11º44'E.
10/08/42 17:29 Submarine HMS Safari (P 211) damages by torpedo and hit a full laden southbound merchant ship of 1200 tons in position 43º30'N 15º58'E. HMS Safari sustained slight damage in a counter attack by the escort and shore batteries.
10/08/42 from Convoy WS.23 returns to the Clyde, Scotland Destroyer: HMS Beagle
10/08/42 detached from Convoy KX.1 to the Clyde, Scotland Corvettes: HMS Penstemon, HMS Starwort, and KNM Rose Sloop: HMS Ibis
10/08/42 Submarine HMS Turbulent (N 98) torpedoes and sinks Transport SS Kreta (853 tons) (Germany) about 10 nautical miles North of Ras al Hilal, Libya.

October 9, 1942 Friday
10/09/42 10:10 Submarine HMS Unrivalled (P 45) fired nine rounds at a southbound passenger train at position 39º04'N 16º06'E. The fourth round hit the third coach and shortly afterwards, the train stopped.
10/09/42 15:20 Submarine HMS Traveller (N 48) attacks and misses the northbound Tanker SS Proserpina (4870 tons) (ex Beauce, French) (Italy) in ballast escorted by Torpedo Boat RN Castore and Torpedo Boat RN Cicloneand in position 35º45'N, 23º13'E.
10/09/42 20:00 Submarine HMS Unbending (P 37) attacks with gunfire a schooner who was sunk by using a can of shale oil and a box of matches in position 34º08'N 11º00'E.
10/09/42 23:25 Submarine HMS Unbending (P 37) torpedoes and sinks Transport SS Alga (3,000 ton) (Italy) carrying petrol, which caught fire and was seen to be still burning some hours later in position 34º02'N 11º03'E.
10/09/42 Submarine HMS Sahib (P 212) joins 10th Submarine Flotilla (Flotilla has ten operational submarines).

10/09/42 Operation BLACKBIRD: Submarine HMS Utmost (N 19) lands two men in the early hours in the Naples area. It is feared that they were captured or executed.

October 10, 1942 Saturday
10/10/42 11:00 Submarine HMS Safari (P 211) attacked a convoy of three ships in ballast scoring two hits on the largest ship estimated at 4000 tons in position 42º32'N 18º13'E.
10/10/42 from Convoy WS.23 returns to the Clyde, Scotland Destroyer: HMS Wrestler
10/10/42 from Convoy WS.23 to Londonderry, Northern Ireland Local Escort Destroyer: HMS Bicester
10/10/43 from Convoy WS.23 to Londonderry, Northern Ireland for repairs Destroyer: HMS Zetland
10/10/42 Submarine HMS Clyde (N 12) makes an unsuccessful attack on Submarine U-605 (Type VIIC).
10/10/42 Submarine HMS Unbroken (P 42) torpedoes and damages the Transport SS Titania (5,397 tons) (Italy) northwest of Tripoi, Libya in position 34º45'N 12º31'E. The Titania is taken in tow by the Destroyer RN Ascari. HMS Unbroken is badly damaged by a counter attack and is repaired at Malta.
10/10/42 Submarine HMS Unison (P 43) torpedoes and sinks Transport SS Enrichetta (4,652 tons) (Italy) about 12nm west-south-west of Kyparissia, Greece at position 37º11'N 21º26'E.
10/10/42 Submarine HMS Unbroken (P 42) torpedoes and damages the Transport SS Titania (5,397 tons) (Italy) northwest of Tripoi, Libya in position 34º45'N 12º31'E. The Titania is taken in tow by the Destroyer RN Ascari. HMS Unbroken is badly damaged by a counter attack and is repaired at Malta.
10/10/42 Submarine HMS Unison (P 43) torpedoes and sinks Transport SS Enrichetta (4,652 tons) (Italy) about 12nm west-south-west of Kyparissia, Greece at position 37º11'N 21º26'E.

10/10/42 - 10/13/42 Move NEEDLE: Transport SS Princess Kathleen (5,875 tons) with 1,000 military personnel was sailed from Port Said for Famagusta escorted by Escort Destroyer HMS Dulverton (L 63), Escort Destroyer HMS Hurworth (L 28), and Escort Destroyer HMS Aldenham (L 22).

October 11, 1942 Sunday
10/11/42 Submarine HMS Unruffled (P 46) sinks Transport SS Una (1,391 tons) (Italy) off Capri.
10/11/42 Submarine HMS Unrivalled (P 45) torpedoed and sank a fully laden 2500 ton merchant ship which caught fire immediately and sank in less than an hour at position 40º29'N 14º15'E.

10/11/42 - 10/12/42 Operation JUPITER: Submarine HMS Thrasher (N 37) attempts to land three Greek agents with stores on the east coast of Euboea but failed due to high swell.

October 12, 1942 Monday
10/12/42 14:00 Submarine HMS Thrasher (N 37) sinks with gunfire and demolition a 200 ton Greek schooner (In German service) in the Aegean Sea, about 15 nautical miles east of Cape Drepano, Sithonia peninsula, Greece at position 39º56'N 24º17'E.
10/12/42 17:00 Submarine HMS Thrasher (N 37) sinks with gunfire and demolition a second 200 ton Greek schooner (In German service) about 10 nautical miles south-west of Cape Pinnes, Athos peninsula, Greece at position 40º01'N 24º10'E.
10/12/42 Submarine HMS Rorqual (N 74) returns to Beirut on completion of her 5th Operation Magic Carpet trip to Malta.

October 13, 1942 Tuesday
10/13/42 18:33 Submarine HMS Unrivalled (P 45) torpedoed and sank a 1500 eastbound merchant vessel in ballast at position 38º14'N 13º14'E.
10/13/42 joins Convoy WS.23 from Bathurst, Gambia Destroyer: HMS Antelope
10/13/42 Submarine HMS Parthian (N 75) returned to Beirut having completed a storing trip to Malta.
10/13/42 Submarine HMS Unruffled (P 46) sinks Transport SS Loreto (1,053 tons) (Italy) off Capri, 130 POW's aboard were lost.
10/13/42 Submarine HMS Utmost (N 19) sinks Tanker SS Languste (ex Oberschlesien (German) ex Nautilus (Italy)) (2,070 tons) (German) off Cape Figari, Sardinia, Italy in position 41º01'N, 09º38'E.

October 14, 1942 Wednesday
10/14/42 Convoy KX.1 arrives Gibraltar Minesweeper Trawlers: HMS Jura, HMS Stronsay, HMS Rousay, and HMS Ruskholm Merchant ships: 6
10/14/42 joins Convoy WS.23 from Shore Establishment HMS Saint Vincent, Portsmouth, England Destroyer: HMS Velox
10/14/42 Submarine HMS Turbulent (N 98) returns to Beirut from a patrol off the Libyan Coast.
10/14/42 Submarine HMS Safari (P 211) arrived at Malta from a successful working up patrol.

10/14/42 - 10/15/42 Operation WASHLEATHER: Submarine HMS Una (N 87) successfully landed three men near Catania, Sicily.

October 15, 1942 Thursday
10/15/42 from Convoy WS.23 to Freetown, Sierra Leone Light Cruisers: HMS Despatch and HMS Durban Armed Merchant Cruiser: HMS Queen of Bermuda delivers 1,918 Personnel
10/15/42 Military Convoy 1 from Freetown, Sierra Leone to Gibraltar Destroyers: HMS Puckeridge and HMS Velox Merchant Ships: 2

October 16, 1942 Friday
10/16/42 Convoy WS.23 arrives Freetown, Sierra Leone Destroyers: HMS Antelope, HMS Puckeridge, HMS Velox, and RHS Kanaris Merchant Ships: 3
10/16/42 joins Freetown, Sierra Leone Local Escort Destroyers: HMS Antelope, HMS Puckeridge, and HMS Velox
10/16/42 Submarine HMS Clyde (N 12) returned to Beirut after a storing trip to Malta.
10/16/42 Submarine HMS Unrivalled (P 45) returned to Malta from a very successful patrol.

October 18, 1942 Sunday
10/18/42 Convoy KX.2 from the Clyde, Scotland to Gibraltar Minesweeper Trawlers: HMS Incholm, HMS Islay, HMS Jura, HMS Mull, and HMS Rysa Merchant Ships: 18

10/18/42 evenning - 10/20/42 Attack on Enemy Convoy: aircraft sight a southbound convoy consisting of one large tanker and three merchant vessels escorted by seven destroyers in the vicinity of Pantellaria.
10/19/42 - 10/20/42 Submarine HMS Safari (P 211), Submarine HMS United (P 44), Submarine HMS Unbroken (P 42), Submarine HMS Utmost (N 19), and Submarine HMS Unbending (P 37) were moved so as to intercept this convoy and attacked at various times. Swordfish and Albacore aircraft attacked with bombs and torpedoed at night.
10/19/42 Submarine HMS Unbending (P 37) sinks Destroyer RN Giovanni da Verazzano and Transport SS Beppe (4,459 tons) (Italy) about 30 nautical miles south-west off Lampione Island in position 37º52'N, 12º05'E.
10/19/42 Submarine HMS Unbroken (P 42) torpedoes and sinks Transport SS Edda (6,107 tons) (Italy) near Gerba, Tunisia in position 33º45'N, 11º12'E.
10/20/42 Submarine HMS Safari (P 211) sinks Transport SS Titania (5,397 tons) (Italy) east of Tunisia in position 34º45'N, 12º31'E.

October 19, 1942 Monday
10/19/42 joins Convoy KX.2 from Greenock, Scotland Destroyers: HMS Beagle, HMS Boadicea, and HMS Bulldog Minesweepers: HMS Felixstowe, HMS Rhyl, HMS Rothesay, and HMS Stornoway
10/19/42 Convoy KX.3 from the Clyde, Scotland to Gibraltar Destroyers: HMS Achates and HMS Vanoc Merchant Ship: 1
10/19/42 - 11/27/42 Task Force 34 Submarine Forces on patrol off Dakar, Senegal Submarine USS Blackfish (SS-221)
10/19/42 Submarine HMS Unbending (P 37) attacks an Axis convoy from Naples bound for Tripoli, sinking Transport SS Beppe (ex Kingarth ex Berwyn ex Mattawa ex Framktor ex Saint Hugo) (4,874 tons) (Italy) and Destroyer RN Giovanni Da Verazzano, south of Pantelleria.
10/19/42 Submarine HMS Unrivalled (P 45) joins 10th Submarine Flotilla (Flotilla has eleven operational submarines)
10/19/42 Submarine HMS Umbra (P 35) returned from patrol in the northern Ionian Sea.
10/19/42 torpedoes and damages the Tanker SS Petrarca (3,329 tons) (Italy) about 20 nm west of Lampedusa Island.
10/19/42 Submarine HMS Saracen (P 247) arrives at Malta to join the 10th Submarine Flotilla. She carried a small amount of stores whilst on passage from Gibraltar.

October 20, 1942 Tuesday
10/20/42 00:25 Submarine HMS Thrasher (N 37) sinks with gunfire Tug Roma (130 tons) (Italy) off Stampalia, Greece at position 36º43'N, 26º41'E. This tug was in service with the Italian Navy as an auxiliary minesweeper.
10/20/42 06:00 Submarine HHMS Papanikolis (Y-2) on passage from Port Said to Haifa reports that she is unable to dive owing to a damaged hydroplane. Corvette HMS Primula (K 14) sails from Beirut to escort her into harbor.
10/20/42 11:30 arrives Londonderry, Northern Ireland Destroyer: HMS Marne
10/20/42 13:00 arrives Londonderry, Northern Ireland Destroyer: HMS Escapade and HNMS Isaac Sweers
10/20/42 15:15 Submarine HMS Thrasher (N 37) torpedoes and sinks Transport SS Lero (1,980 tons) (Italy) between Symi and Rhodos Islands, Greece at position 36º26'N 27º54'E. SS Lero was being escorted by two destroyers
10/20/42 from Freetown, Sierra Leone joins Convoy WS.23F Light Cruiser: HMS Durban Destroyer: RHS Kanaris
10/20/42 Convoy WS.23F from Freetown, Sierra Leone to Durban, South Africa Light Cruiser: HMS Durban Destroyers: HMS Avon Vale and RHS Kanaris Corvette: HMS Tamarisk Armed Merchant Cruiser: HMS Carthage
10/20/42 Force M from the Clyde, Scotland to Gibraltar Carrier: HMS Furious
10/20/42 joins Force M at sea from Londonderry, Northern Ireland at sea Destroyers: HMS Escapade, HMS Marne, and HNMS Isaac Sweers
10/20/42 Submarine HMS Porpoise (N 14) returned to Beirut on completion of an Operation MAGIC CARPET trip to Malta.
10/20/42 Submarine HMS Safari (P 211) sinks Transport SS Titania (5,397 tons) (Italy) east of Tunisia in position 34º45'N, 12º31'E.
10/20/42 Submarine HMS Unbroken (P 42) returns to Malta damaged as a result of a heavy and accurate counterattack following the 10/19/42 attack on a southbound convoy in the vicinity of Lampedusa.

10/20/42 - 10/25/42 Operation Flagpole: Submarine HMS Seraph (P 219) carried General Mark Clarke, USA and his staff to Algiers, Algeria to meet with General Charles Maret to negotiate an unopposed Allied landing when the time came.

October 21, 1942 Wednesday
10/21/42 Submarine HMS Safari (P 211) returns to Malta from patrol.
10/21/42 Submarine HMS Unbending (P 37) returned to Malta having completed a very successful first Mediterranean Patrol.

October 22, 1942 Thursday
10/22/42 Convoy KX.4A from the Clyde, Scotland to Gibraltar Destroyers: HMS Broke, HMS Malcolm, HMS Venomous, and HMS Wrestler Minesweeper: HMS Brixham Minesweeper Trawlers: HMS Foula, HMS Hunda, HMS Kintyre, and HMS Westray Landing Ship Tanks: 3 Merchant Ships: 17
10/22/42 Convoy KMS.1G (Slow) from the Clyde, Scotland to Gibraltar Carrier: HMS: Avenger Anti-aircraft Ship: HMS Alynbank Destroyer: HMS Vansittart Corvettes: HMS Convolvulus, HMS Rhododendron, HMS Marigold, HMS Samphire, HMS Penstemon, HMS Gardenia, HMS Vetch, and HMS Violet Sloops: HMS Deptford and HMS Stork Minesweepers: HMS Acute, HMS Alarm, HMS Albacore, and HMS Cadmus Merchant Ships: 48
10/22/42 Submarine HMS United (P 44) returns to Malta from a patrol in the Misurata area.

October 23, 1942 Friday
10/23/42 12:00 arrives at Gibraltar from patrol
10/23/42 joins Convoy WS.23F from Freetown, Sierra Leone Light Cruiser: HMS Despatch Sloop: HMS Milford
10/23/42 detached from Convoy WS.23F to transport shipwreck survivors at Marshall, Liberia to Freetown, Sierra Leone Destroyer: HMS Avon Vale
10/23/42 Military Convoy 2 from Scapa Flow, Scotland to Gibraltar Battleship: HMS Rodney Destroyers: HMS Lookout, HMS Panther, and HMS Penn
10/23/42 Military Convoy 1 arrives Gibraltar Destroyer: HMS Puckeridge Merchant Ships: 2
10/23/42 Submarine HMS Umbra (P 35) torpedoes and destroys Transport SS Amsterdam (10,873 tons) (Italy), which had been grounded after being hit by a torpedo during an air attack. And sinks the tug Pronta (Italy) that was trying to salvage the Amsterdam.
10/23/42 Submarine HMS Una (N 87) arrives at Malta on completion of a short patrol.

10/23/42 Operation LIGHTFOOT: At 22:00 the Eighth Army began the main attack on the El Alamein line after twenty minutes intensive bombardment of the enemy's position by about eight hundred guns. As almost the entire Middle East fighter effort was concentrated on the Eighth Army, naval assistance in the operation was therefore limited. Bombardment by Cruisers and destroyers was considered an unwarranted risk, and would have had little material effect on events. MTBs and HUNT class destroyers were held in readiness at Alexandria for attacks on enemy shipping along the coast.

10/23/42 Operation TRUNDLE: Naval personnel for Western desert ports as far as Benghazi were called up and were ready from now onwards. Arrangements were put in hand to call forward tugs, schooners, salvage vessels, mobile lighters, and small craft. The docking and preparation of suitable ships for the Western Desert run were now complete.

October 24, 1942 Saturday
10/24/42 arrives Marshall, Liberia embarks shipwreck survivors Destroyer: HMS Avon Vale
10/24/42 Military Convoy 3 from from Bathurst, Gambia to Gibraltar Monitor: HMS Frederick Roberts Destroyer: HMS Antelope Corvette: HMS Hydrangea
10/24/42 Convoy KX.4B from Milford Haven, Wales to Gibraltar Minesweepers: HMS Bude, HMS Hussar, and HMS Speedwell Salvage Tug: HMS Resolve Merchant Ship: 1
10/24/42 Convoy UGF.1 from Hampton Roads, Virginia (USA) to Casablanca, French Morocco
TG 34.1 Covering Group
Battleship: USS Massachusetts Heavy Cruisers: USS Tuscaloosa and USS Wichita Destroyers: USS John Mayrant, USS Alexander Colden Rhind, USS Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright, and USS Thornton Alexander Jenkins Fleet Oiler: USS Chemung
TG 34.8 Northern Attack Group: Operation Goalpost (Port-Lyautey, French Morocco)
Carrier: USS Sangamon and USS Chenango Battleship: USS Texas Light Cruiser: USS Savannah Destroyers: USS Alexander James Dallas, USS Edward Walter Eberle, USS John Ericsson, USS Samuel Hambleton, USS Lawrence Kearny, USS Samuel Livermore, USS David B. Macomb, USS Foxhall Alexander Parker Jr., and USS Francis Asbury Roe Minesweeper: USS Raven and USS Osprey Seaplane Tender: USS Barnegat Submarine: USS Shad Merchant Ships: 8
TG 34.9 Center Attack Group: Operation Brushwood (Fedala, French Morocco)
Carriers: USS Ranger and USS Suwannee Heavy Cruiser: USS Augusta Light Cruiser: USS Cleveland Destroyers: USS Thomas Boyle, USS Mark Lambert Bristol, USS Jean Constance Corry, USS Thomas Alva Edison, USS Theodore Gordon Ellyson, USS LeRoy Fitch, USS Dulany Forrest, USS Richmond Pearson Hobson, USS Augustus C. Ludlow, USS John McLeod Murphy, USS Stephen Clegg Rowan, USS Claude Augustus Swanson, USS Benjamin Ryan Tillman, USS Charles Wilkes, and USS Melancthon Brooks Woolsey Destroyer Minesweepers: USS Daniel Hogan, USS James Shedden Palmer, and USS John Stansbury Minelayers: USS Miantonomah and USS Terror Minesweeper: USS Auk Submarines: USS Herring and USS Gunnel Fleet Oiler: USS Winooski Merchant Ships: 15
TG 34.10 Southern Attack Group: Operation Blackstone (Safi, French Morocco)
Carrier: USS Santee Battleship: USS New York Light Cruiser: USS Philadelphia Destroyers: USS Frank Edmund Beatty, USS Thomas Jefferson Cowie, USS John James Doran, USS George Foster Emmons, USS Austin Melvin Knight, USS William Mervine, USS John Henry Quick, and USS Hugh Rodman Destroyer Minesweepers: USS Archibald Hamilton and USS Charles W. Howard Minelayer: USS Monadnock Fleet Tug: USS Cherokee Submarine: USS Barb APD Destroyers: USS John Baptiste Bernadou and USS Edward Ball Cole Fleet Oilers: USS Merrimack and USS Housatonic Merchant Ships: 6

10/23/42 - 10/24/42 night Operation SLENDER: In order to assist military operations, a feint seaborne landing was made west of Ras el Kenayia. A force of twelve L.C.T.s escorted by two Fairmiles (Motor Launch), eight MTBs, Escort Destroyer HMS Exmoor (ii) (L 08), Escort Destroyer HMS Hurworth (L 28), and Escort Destroyer HMS Belvoir (L 32) was sailed from Alexandria in daylight on 23rd October, to the westward. A normal convoy of four merchant ships from Port Said continued westward after passing Alexandria astern of this force. None of our forces were sighted during daylight house. After dark all ships except the MTBs returned to Alexandria. The MTBs close the beaches to within 400 yards, opened fire with machine guns, and fired numerous Very's lights. The enemy fired no alarm signals and no opposition was met. The MTBs were shadowed by aircraft after being detached and were subsequently attacked by JU 88s and Macchi's from midnight till 03:00. One MTB sustained slight superficial damage by cannon fire. There were no casualties and all boats returned safely. Light Cruiser HMS Arethusa (26) escorted by Destroyer HHMS Vasilissa Olga (Queen Olga) (D 15 aka H 86) was sailed from Port Said in daylight as an added diversion to the operation and returned to harbor after dark. The Army Commander signaled as follows: "Information suggests that this operation had an influence on our main objective."

October 25, 1942 Sunday
10/25/42 12:00 Force M arrives Gibraltar Carrier: HMS Furious Destroyers: HMS Escapade, HMS Marne, and HNMS Isaac Sweers
10/25/42 arrives Freetown, Sierra Leone with shipwreck survivors Destroyer: HMS Avon Vale
10/25/42 Convoy KX.3 arrives Gibraltar Destroyers: HMS Achates and HMS Vanoc Merchant Ship: 1
10/25/42 joins Convoy WS.23F from Freetown, Sierra Leone Corvette: HMS Amaranthus
10/25/42 from Convoy WS.23F to join Freetown, Sierra Leone Local Escort Corvette: HMS Tamarisk
10/25/42 from Bathurst, Gambia to Military Convoy 3 Corvette: HMS Burdock
10/25/42 Convoy KMS.2G (Slow) from Loch Ewe, Scotland to Gibraltar Destroyer: HMS Bradford Sloops: HMS Bideford and HMS Swale
10/25/42 Submarine HMS Umbra (P 35) returns to Malta after a four-day patrol.

October 26, 1942 Monday
10/26/42 08:04 Submarine HMS Taku (N 38) torpedoes and sinks Tanker SS Arca (2,238 tons) (Italy) in position 38º04'N 25º27'E.
10/26/42 13:00 Destroyers: HMS Escapade, HMS Marne, and HNMS Isaac Sweers refuel at Ponta Delgada, Azores
10/26/42 from Convoy WS.23F to join Freetown, Sierra Leone Local Escort Corvette: HMS Amaranthus
10/26/42 from Bathurst, Gambia to Military Convoy 3 Corvette: HMS Snowdrop
10/26/42 joins Military Convoy 3 Corvette: HMS Burdock
10/26/42 from Military Convoy 3 arrives Bathurst, Gambia Destroyer: HMS Antelope
10/26/42 Military Convoy 4 from Bathurst, Gambia to Gibraltar Destroyers: HMS Antelope and HMS Boreas
10/26/42 Military Convoy 5 from Bathurst, Gambia to Gibraltar Destroyers: HMS Avon Vale and HMS Brilliant
10/26/42 Military Convoy 6 from Bathurst, Gambia to Gibraltar Destroyers: HMS Puckeridge and HMS Velox
10/26/42 Convoy KMF.1 (Fast) from the Clyde, Scotland to Gibraltar Carrier: HMS Biter Destroyer: HMS Clare Sloops: HMS Aberdeen, HMS Enchantress, HMS Exe, HMS Hartland, HMS Ibis, HMS Rother, HMS Spey, HMS Swale, HMS Tay, and HMS Walney Landing Ship Headquarters: HMS Bulolo and HMS Largs Merchant Ships: 36
10/26/42 from Belfast, Northern Ireland to join Convoy KMF.1 (Fast) Light Cruiser: HMS Sheffield with 670 members of 3rd Battalion, 135th Infantry Regiment, 34th Infantry Division, USA for Operation TERMINAL (Algiers, Algeria)
10/26/42 Convoy KMS.2G (Slow) from Liverpool, England and the Clyde, Scotland Corvettes: HMCS Louisburg, HMCS Prescott, HMCS Woodstock, and HMS Erne Cutters: HMS Landguard and HMS Lulworth Sloops: HMS Leith, HMS Londonderry, HMS Rochester, HMS Sandwich, and HMS Scarborough
10/26/42 Convoy KMS.2G (Slow) Destroyer: HMS Bradford Corvettes: HMCS Louisburg, HMCS Prescott, HMCS Woodstock, and HMS Erne Cutters: HMS Landguard and HMS Lulworth Sloops: HMS Bideford, HMS Leith, HMS Londonderry, HMS Rochester, HMS Sandwich, HMS Scarborough, and HMS Swale Merchant Ships: 52
10/26/42 Submarine HMS Traveller (N 48) arrived at Port Said from patrol.
10/26/42 Submarine HMS Sahib (P 212)) returned to Malta after an uneventful patrol in the Cape Dukato area.

October 27, 1942 Tuesday
10/27/42 08:04 Submarine HMS Taku (N 38) sinks a Caique SS Lora (121 tons) (Greece) off the Gulf of Kassandra, Greece.
10/27/42 joins Military Convoy 3 Corvette: HMS Snowdrop
10/27/42 from Military Convoy 3 arrives Bathurst, Gambia Corvette: HMS Hydrangea
10/27/42 from Convoy KMS.2G (Slow) to Gibraltar Destroyer: HMS Bradford Sloop: HMS Swale
10/27/42 joins Convoy KMF.1 (Fast) Light Cruiser: HMS Sheffield with 670 members of 3rd Battalion, 135th Infantry Regiment, 34th Infantry Division, USA for Operation TERMINAL (Algiers, Algeria)
10/27/42 Force LX from the Clyde, Scotland to Gibraltar Carriers: HMS Argus and HMS Dasher Light Cruisers: HMS Delhi and HMS Jamaica Destroyers: HMS Bicester, HMS Farndale, and HMS Zetland
10/27/42 Force P from Milford Haven, Wales to Gibraltar Anti-aircraft Ship: HMS Tynwald Destroyers: HMS Lamerton, HMS Wilton, and HMS Wheatland

10/27/42 - 11/10/42 Operation Kingpin: Submarine HMS Seraph (P 219) smuggles the anti-Vichy General Henri Harove' Giraud from Vichy occupied France to Gibraltar, to rally French North African Forces to the allied cause. He would only co-operate, if the allies pledged him a command in keeping with his rank and reputation. He refused to co-operate with the British, and would only travel in an American Submarine. In consequence, Seraph became American in all respects, under the command of Captain Jerauld Wright USN, causing Seraph to become known as the "Ship with two Captains".

October 28, 1942 Wednesday
10/28/42 Military Convoy 7 from Plymouth, England to Gibraltar Light Cruiser: HMS Scylla, with ANCXF Admiral Sir Andrew Browne Cunningham aboard Destroyer: HMS Opportune
10/28/42 Submarine HMS Thrasher (N 37) returned to Beirut from a patrol in the Aegean Sea.

10/28/42 - 10/30/42 Operation TRAIN: Force M from Gibraltar to fly off 29x Spitfires to Malta 2x Spitfires remain aboard with defects. Carrier: HMS Furious Light Cruisers: HMS Aurora and HMS Charybdis Destroyers: HMS Achates, HMS Bramham, HMS Cowdray, HMS Vanoc, HMS Verity, HMS Westcott, HMS Wishart, and ORP Blyskawica
10/28/42 sailed with ships of Force M with stores for Malta Minesweeper HMS Welshman (M 48).

October 29, 1942 Thursday
10/29/42 09:30 Convoy KX.2 arrives Gibraltar Destroyers: HMS Beagle, HMS Boadicea, and HMS Bulldog Minesweepers: HMS Felixstowe, HMS Rhyl, HMS Rothesay, and HMS Stornoway Minesweeper Trawlers: HMS Incholm, HMS Islay, HMS Jura, HMS Mull, and HMS Rysa Merchant Ships: 18
10/29/42 At Scapa Flow, Scotland Landing Ship Infantry: SS Lady of Mann (2,029 tons) (CW) comes alongside and disembarks 407 men of No. 9 Commando onto the Battleship HMS Nelson (28).
10/29/42 from Force M makes independent passage to Malta Minesweeper HMS Welshman (M 48).

10/29/42 Operation MG.9 A feint landing was simulated in the Kanais area by a force of eight MTBs, nine LCTs, Escort Destroyer HMS Exmoor (ii) (L 08), Escort Destroyer HMS Belvoir (L 32), and Escort Destroyer HMS Hurworth (L 28). This force was sailed from Alexandria during daylight and after dark all units except the MTBs turned back to Alexandria. The MTBs closed the beaches at 00:45, opening fire with machine guns. On withdrawal they were engaged by shore guns and attacked by aircraft. Enemy aircraft continued to attack a smoke cloud cover, which had been made for one hour after withdrawal. There were no casualties or damage to any of our units.

October 30, 1942 Friday
10/30/42 joins Convoy WS.23F from Freetown, Sierra Leone Destroyer: HMAS Norman Corvettes: HMS Rockrose and HMS Thyme
10/30/42 Force M arrives Gibraltar Carrier: HMS Furious Light Cruisers: HMS Aurora and HMS Charybdis Destroyers: HMS Achates, HMS Bramham, HMS Cowdray, HMS Vanoc, HMS Verity, HMS Westcott, HMS Wishart, and ORP Blyskawica
10/30/42 arrives Malta disembarks stores and sails for Gibraltar Minesweeper HMS Welshman (M 48).
10/30/42 Military Convoy 8 from Gibraltar to refuel Force M at sea, and return to Gibraltar Destroyers: HMS Boadicea, HMS Lookout, HMS Panther, and HMS Penn Fleet Oilers: RFA Brown Ranger and RFA Dingledale
10/30/42 Military Convoy 8 arrives Gibraltar Destroyers: HMS Boadicea, HMS Lookout, HMS Panther, and HMS Penn Fleet Oilers: RFA Brown Ranger and RFA Dingledale
10/30/42 Force H from the Clyde, Scotland to Gibraltar Carriers: HMS Formidable and HMS Victorious Light Cruisers: HMS Argonaut and HMS Bermuda Destroyers: HMS Pathfinder, HMS Partridge, HMS Porcupine, HMS Quality, and HMS Quentin
10/30/42 Convoy KX.5 from the Clyde, Scotland to Gibraltar Corvettes: HMS Dianella, HMS Lotus, HMS Montbretia, HMS Poppy, and HMS Starwort Minesweeper Trawlers: HMS Elbury, HMS Filey Bay, HMS Goth, and HMS Negro Merchant Ships: 31

October 31, 1942 Saturday
10/31/42 from Convoy WS.23F to join Convoy WS.24 Light Cruiser: HMS Despatch
10/31/42 from Convoy WS.23F to Freetown, Sierra Leone Sloop: HMS Milford
10/31/42 09:00 Military Convoy 4 arrives Gibraltar Destroyers: HMS Antelope and HMS Boreas
10/31/42 10:56 Submarine HMS Taku (N 38) torpedoes and sinks Tanker SS Cerere (1,267 tons) (Italy) about 10 nautical miles south of Cape Sounio, Greece in position 37º30'N 24º03'E.
10/31/42 11:00 Military Convoy 5 arrives Gibraltar Destroyers: HMS Avon Vale and HMS Brilliant
10/31/42 18:30 Military Convoy 6 arrives Gibraltar Destroyers: HMS Puckeridge and HMS Velox
10/31/42 17:00 Force X joins Force H off Northwest Ireland at position 55º30'N 10ºW Battleships: HMS Duke of York and HMS Nelson Battlecruiser: HMS Renown Destroyers: HMAS Quiberon, HMS Ashanti, HMS Eskimo, HMS Martin, HMS Meteor, HMS Milne, and HMS Tartar
10/31/42 Convoy WS.24 from Londonderry, England to Bahia, Brazil Destroyers: HMS Holcombe, HMS Onslow, HMS Offa, HMS Oribi, HMS Sardonyx, and HMS Skate Armed Merchant Cruiser: HMS Queen of Bermuda Seaplane Tender: USS Barnegat Merchant Ships: 7
10/31/42 Force Q from Scapa Flow, Scotland to Ponta Delgado, Azores Heavy Cruisers: HMS Cumberland and HMS Norfolk Destroyers: 5x Destroyers (No information)
10/31/42 Submarine HMS Osiris (N 67) refitting at Port Said

10/31/42
Submarine HMS Parthian (N 75) On passage, Beirut to Malta
Submarine HMS Osiris (N 67) At Port Said
Submarine HMS Traveller (N 48) At Port Said
Submarine HMS Taku (N 38) On patrol in Aegean
Submarine HMS Thrasher (N 37) At Beirut
Submarine HMS Rorqual (N 74) At Malta
Submarine HMS Turbulent (N 98) On passage to Malta (for Operation TORCH)
Submarine HMS Unbroken (P 42) (damaged) At Malta
Submarine HMS Saracen (P 247) Resting at Malta for Patrols for Operation TORCH
Submarine HMS Sahib (P 212) Resting at Malta for Patrols for Operation TORCH
Submarine HMS Safari (P 211) (1st Submarine Flotilla) Resting at Malta for Patrols for Operation TORCH
Submarine HMS United (P 44) Resting at Malta for Patrols for Operation TORCH
Submarine HMS Unruffled (P 46) (1st Submarine Flotilla) Resting at Malta for Patrols for Operation TORCH
Submarine HMS Unison (P 43) Resting at Malta for Patrols for Operation TORCH
Submarine HMS Umbra (P 35) Resting at Malta for Patrols for Operation TORCH
Submarine HMS Unbending (P 37) Resting at Malta for Patrols for Operation TORCH
Submarine HMS Una (N 87) Resting at Malta for Patrols for Operation TORCH
Submarine HMS Utmost (N 19) (1st Submarine Flotilla) Resting at Malta for Patrols for Operation TORCH

Greek Submarines
Submarine HHMS Katsonis (Y-1) At Ismailia
Submarine HHMS Nereus (Y-4) On Patrol in the Aegean Sea
Submarine HHMS Papanikolis (Y-2) At Beirut
Submarine HHMS Triton (Y-5) At Port Said




Extraneous -> RE: For the Purists September 9. 1939 (10/28/2012 9:59:02 PM)

ANCXF - Allied Naval Commander Expeditionary Force ~ Admiral Sir Andrew Browne "ABC" Cunningham KT, GCB, DSO and 2 Bars (RN)
AOC Eastern Air Command - Air Officer Commanding Eastern Air Command ~ Air Marshal Sir William Lawrie Welsh KCB, DSC, AFC (RAF)
FOIC - Fleet Officer in Charge ~ British naval officer in charge of a port
NCWNTF - Naval Commander Western Naval Task Force ~ Rear-Admiral Henry Kent Hewitt (USN)

Bône, Algeria is now known as Annaba, Algeria
* - No actual dates or time found for the ship{s) joining but multiple confirmations that they were in this group at this approximate time.

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
NOVEMBER 1942


November 1, 1942 Sunday
11/01/42 11:30 ANCXF Admiral Sir Andrew Browne Cunningham (RN) holds a conference of Commanding Officers and Senior Officers of Flotillas in the Tower at Gibraltar.
11/01/42 12:00 at Gibraltar ANCXF Admiral Sir Andrew Browne Cunningham (RN) hoists his flag on the Battleship HMS Nelson (28).
11/01/42 14:17 Instructions are received from the Admiralty to carry out Operation TORCH.

Air Operations
11/01/42 12:50 two British Lockheed Hudson Mk.III of No. 233 Squadron RAF damage Submarine U-565 south of the Balearic Islands, Spain. One Hudson is shot down

Naval Operations
11/01/42 Military Convoy 7 arrives Gibraltar Light Cruiser: HMS Scylla (with ANCXF Admiral Sir Andrew Browne Cunningham (RN) aboard) Destroyer: HMS Opportune
11/01/42 Convoy KMF.2 (Fast) sails from the Clyde, Scotland for Algiers, Algeria Cutter: HMS Banff Sloops: HMS Egret, HMS Fleetwood, HMS Pelican, and HMS Sennen Convoy Escort Vessel (Yacht): HMS Philante Merchant Ships: 18
11/01/42 Light Cruiser HMS Jamaica (C 44) sails from Force LX for Gibraltar

Submarine Operations
11/01/42 Submarine HMS Unruffled (P 46) sails from Malta to her patrol area off Cape San Vito, Sicily for Operation TORCH.
11/01/42 Submarine HMS Unison (P 43) sails from Malta to her patrol area in which the approaches to Messina and the Northwest corner of Sicily were covered for Operation TORCH.


11/01/42 - 11/06/42 Operation MG.8 an aborted attempt to sail a 15-knot transport to Malta to relive the urgent petrol shortage.

11/01/42 - 11/02/42 Operation MAZ.5 Four MTBs simulate landings in bays off Ras Gibeisa, Egypt and Ras el Daba, Egypt at night. Rafts, calcium flares, and balloons were dropped, which successfully drew the enemy's fire. No damage or casualties were sustained by the MTBs who returned to Alexandria at 07:00.

11/01/42 - 11/02/42 Operation SUPERCHARGE In the northern sector of the Western Desert, Allied forces began an attack westward during the night. By dawn, the final objectives had been reached. Diversionary attacks were made in the central and southern sectors with some success.



November 2, 1942 Monday
11/02/42 Liberty Ship SS Ocean Trader (7,178 tons) (CW) has a fire break out in hold #4 that destroys 2 radio vans.
11/02/42 Force Q searches for Portuguese fishing boat Gil Eannes

Naval Operations
11/02/42 12:45 sails from 43°20’N 27°W to join Convoy KMS.2 (G) (Slow) Destroyers: HMS Albrighton, HMS Cleveland, and KNM Eskdale
11/02/42 Military Convoy 3 arrives Gibraltar Monitor: HMS Frederick Roberts Corvettes: HMS Burdock and HMS Snowdrop
11/02/42 sails from Gibraltar to join Force H Destroyers: HMS Avon Vale, HMS Beagle, HMS Boadicea, HMS Bulldog, HMS Panther, HMS Penn, HMS Lookout, HMS Opportune, and HMS Puckeridge
11/02/42 Force P arrives Gibraltar Anti-aircraft Ship: HMS Tynwald Destroyers: HMS Lamerton, HMS Wilton, and HMS Wheatland
11/02/42 sails from Convoy WS.24 to Ponta Delgado, the Azores to refuel and join Force Q Destroyers: HMS Onslow, HMS Offa, and HMS Oribi
11/02/42 Destroyer HMS Broke (D 83) sails to Gibraltar to refuel and return to Convoy KX.4 (A)
11/02/42 Light Cruiser HMS Jamaica (C 44) arrives Gibraltar from Force LX
11/02/42 Corvette HMS Aubretia (K 96) sails from the United Kingdom to join Convoy KX.5
11/02/42 Minesweeper HMS Welshman (M 48) arrives Gibraltar

Submarine Operations
11/02/42 Extensive orders are issued to carry out Operation TORCH for submarines, which have proceeded on TORCH patrols.
11/02/42 Submarine HMS Parthian (N 75) arrives at Malta with a small amount of vital stores for the garrison.
11/02/42 Submarine HMS P 712 (ex RN Perla) (P 712) arrives at Port Said, Egypt for extensive refitting.
11/02/42 Submarine HMS Umbra (P 35) sails from Malta for her patrol area off the western coast of Calabria, Italy for Operation TORCH.
11/02/42 Submarine HMS Unbending (P 37) sails from Malta for her patrol area off Palermo, Italy for Operation TORCH.
11/02/42 Submarine HMS United (P 44) sails from Malta for her patrol area off the northwest of Sicily for Operation TORCH.



November 3, 1942 Tuesday
11/03/42 13:40 A French armed trawler, escorting four French Merchant ships, pass eastbound through the Straits of Gibraltar
11/03/42 a boarding party from Destroyer HMS Oribi (G 66) boards the Portuguese fishing boat Gil Eannes and arrests the radio officer Gastao de Freitas Ferraz for questioning at Gibraltar.

Air Operations
11/03/42 15:15 Consolidated PBY Catalina L.210 attacks a U boat forty miles off Cape Tenez, Algeria four depth charges were dropped but results were inconclusive.
11/03/42 Anti-submarine escorts from Gibraltar are flown for Convoy KMS.1 (G) (Slow), Convoy KMF.1 (Fast), and Convoy KX.4 (A). The Catalina escorting Convoy KMF.1 (Fast) failed to return.
11/03/42 Aircraft sighted three other U boats but no attacks were made.
11/03/42 photographic reconnaissance of Algiers, Algeria shows 1x escort vessel, 2x submarines, and 24x Merchant ships.

Naval Operations
11/03/42 02:00 sails from Gibraltar to join Convoy KMF.1 (Fast) Anti-aircraft Ships: HMS Palomares and HMS Pozarica Destroyers: HMS Achates, HMS Amazon, HMS Antelope, HMS Velox, HMS Verity, HMS Westcott, and HMS Wishart
11/03/42 08:00 Force LX arrives Gibraltar Carriers: HMS Argus and HMS Dasher Light Cruiser: HMS Delhi Destroyers: HMS Bicester, HMS Farndale, and HMS Zetland
11/03/42 10:45 Destroyer HMS Wivern (D 66) sails to overtake from Gibraltar and join Convoy KMF.1 (Fast) delayed due to a defect
11/03/42 12:30 Light Cruiser HMS Jamaica (C 44) sails from Gibraltar to join Convoy KMF.1 (Fast)
11/03/42 18:30 Light Cruiser HMS Bermuda (52) sails from Gibraltar to join Force H.
11/03/42 Convoy KX.4 (B) arrives Gibraltar Minesweepers: HMS Bude, HMS Hussar, and HMS Speedwell Salvage Tug: HMS Resolve Merchant Ship: 1

Submarine Operations
11/03/42 Submarine HMS Clyde (N 12) arrives at Malta from Beirut, French Mandate of Syria with a cargo of petrol and torpedoes.
11/03/42 Submarine HMS Safari (P 211) sails from Malta to her patrol area off the East Tunisian coast in the Gulf of Sirte for Operation TORCH.
11/03/42 Submarine HMS Utmost (N 19) sails from Malta to her patrol area between Cape de Armi and Cape Spartivento, Calabria for Operation TORCH.
11/03/42 Submarine HMS Una (N 87) sails from Malta to her patrol area off the southern approaches of Messina and Port Augusta for Operation TORCH.
11/03/42 Submarine HMS Sahib (P 212) sails from Malta to her patrol area in the Kerkennah and Gulf of Sirte areas for Operation TORCH.
11/03/42 Submarine HMS Saracen (P 247) sails from Malta to her patrol in the Tunis and Bizerta area for Operation TORCH.

11/03/42 - 11/04/42 night Operation HOLLYM Submarine HHMS Nereus (Y-4) successfully carried out. This consisted of landing one and a half tons of stores and three Greek agents on the Euboean coast.



November 4, 1942 Wednesday
11/04/42 west of Gibraltar Convoy KMF.1 (Fast) divides into Oran Cover Force, Force O, Convoy KMF.1 (A) (Fast) (Algiers, Algeria), and Convoy KMF.1 (O) (Fast) (Oran, Algeria)
11/04/42 west of Gibraltar Convoy KMS.1 (G) (Slow) divides into Convoy KMS.1 (A) (Slow) (Algiers, Algeria) and Convoy KMS.1 (O) (Slow) (Oran, Algeria).
11/04/42 west of Gibraltar Convoy KMF.1 (O) (Fast) and Convoy KMS.1 (O) (Slow) proceed westwards In order to pass through the Straits of Gibraltar on schedule.

Air Operations
11/04/42 11:49 a Junkers Ju-88 approached Gibraltar from the Northeast and attacks the harbor area with cannon fire. No damage is caused. Four Spitfires went up but failed to intercept. The undercarriage of one of these was damaged in the take off and the pilot was badly injured when he baled out. Anti-aircraft guns on shore opened fire, but no hits were claimed.
11/04/42 Anti-submarine escorts from Gibraltar are flown for Convoy KMS.1 (G) (Slow) and Convoy KX.4 (A). Eight crewmen are killed when a Consolidated PBY Catalina crashed while taking off to escort Convoy KMF.1 (Fast).

Naval Operations
11/04/42 02:00 sails from Gibraltar to join Convoy KMF.1 (A) (Fast) Anti-aircraft Ships: HMS Palomares and HMS Pozarica Destroyers: HMS Achates, HMS Amazon, HMS Antelope, HMS Velox, HMS Verity, HMS Westcott, and HMS Wishart
11/04/42 10:45 Destroyer HMS Wivern (D 66) sails to overtake from Gibraltar due to a defect and join Convoy KMF.1 (A) (Fast)
11/04/42 19:00 sails from Gibraltar to Lisbon, Portugal Minesweeper Trawlers: HMS Ruskholm and HMS Jura Cable ship: Mirror sail to carry out repairs to cables
11/04/42 from Gibraltar joins Force H Destroyers: HMS Avon Vale, HMS Beagle, HMS Boadicea, HMS Bulldog, HMS Panther, HMS Penn, HMS Lookout, HMS Opportune, and HMS Puckeridge
11/04/42 relieved from Force H to refuel at Gibraltar Light Cruiser: HMS Argonaut Destroyers: HMAS Quiberon, HMS Ashanti, HMS Eskimo, HMS Martin, HMS Meteor, HMS Milne, HMS Partridge, HMS Pathfinder, HMS Porcupine, HMS Quality, HMS Quentin, and HMS Tartar
11/04/43 Convoy KX.4 (A) arrives Gibraltar Destroyers: HMS Broke HMS Malcolm, HMS Venomous, and HMS Wrestler Minesweeper: HMS Brixham Minesweeper Trawlers: HMS Foula, HMS Hunda, HMS Kintyre, and HMS Westray Landing Ship Tanks: 3 Merchant Ships: 17
11/04/42 Force H arrives off Gibraltar Carriers: HMS Victorious and HMS Formidable Battleships: HMS Duke of York and HMS Nelson Battlecruiser: HMS Renown Light Cruisers: HMS Argonaut and HMS Bermuda Destroyers: HMAS Quiberon, HMS Ashanti, HMS Avon Vale, HMS Beagle, HMS Boadicea, HMS Bulldog, HMS Eskimo, HMS Lookout, HMS Martin, HMS Meteor, HMS Milne, HMS Opportune, HMS Panther, HMS Partridge, HMS Pathfinder, HMS Penn, HMS Porcupine, HMS Puckeridge, HMS Quality, HMS Quentin, and HMS Tartar
11/04/42 Convoy KMF.1 (O) (Fast) sails from Convoy KMF.1 (Fast) for Oran, Algeria Sloops: HMS Hartland and HMS Walney Landing Ship Headquarters: HMS Largs Merchant Ships: 18
11/04/42 Convoy KMS.1 (O) (Slow) sails from Convoy KMS.1 (G) (Slow) for Oran, Algeria Merchant Ships: 24
11/04/42 Convoy KMF.1 (A) (Fast) sails from Convoy KMF.1 (Fast) for Algiers, Algeria Landing Ship Headquarters (L): HMS Bulolo Merchant ships: 16
11/04/42 from Gibraltar joins Convoy KMF.1 (Fast) Anti-aircraft Ships: HMS Palomares and HMS Pozarica Destroyers: HMS Achates, HMS Amazon, HMS Antelope, HMS Velox, HMS Verity, HMS Westcott, and HMS Wishart
11/04/42 Convoy KMS.1 (A) (Slow) sails from Convoy KMS.1 (G) (Slow) for Algiers, Algeria Corvettes: HMS Convolvulus, HMS Gardenia HMS Marigold, HMS Penstemon, HMS Rhododendron and HMS Samphire Sloops: HMS Enchantress and HMS Stork
11/04/42 Light Cruiser HMS Jamaica (C 44) from Gibraltar joins Convoy KMF.1 (Fast)
11/04/42 Light Cruiser HMS Aurora (12) sails from Gibraltar to form Oran Cover Force
* 11/04/42 Destroyer HMS Broke (D 83) sails from Gibraltar to join Convoy KMF.1 (A) (Fast)
11/04/42 Destroyer HMS Wivern (D 66) from Gibraltar joins Convoy KMF.1 (Fast)

Submarine Operations
11/04/42 Submarine HMS Parthian (N 75) sails from Malta to her patrol area for Operation TORCH off Cagliari, Sardinia.
11/04/42 Submarine HMS Turbulent (N 98) sails from Malta to her patrol area for Operation TORCH.

11/04/42 - 11/09/42 Operation CRUPPER
Attempting to take advantage of the confusion from Operation TORCH the disguised transports Ardeola and Tadorna were sent out with Convoy KMS.1 (G) (Slow). They detached on November 4, 1942 west of Gibraltar and passed the Straits and proceeded along the North African coast as far as Cape Bon where they were fired on and ordered to stop by French shore batteries. One of the assumptions of Operation TORCH was that there would be little if any opposition by the French. So when both ships were fired on and ordered to stop, they didn’t scuttle their ships, on the assumption that they could "explain" and be allowed to proceed. They were in fact captured and taken in to Bizerta where they were unloaded, their cargoes seized, and the ships turned over to the Italians. Ardeola was renamed Aderno and Tadorna was renamed Balzac. 11/09/42 Transports SS Ardeola (CW) (2,609 tons) and Tadorna (CW) (1,947 tons) Captured by Vichy France
03/07/43 U.S. aircraft sinks Transport SS Balzac (ex Tadorna (CW)) (1,947 tons) (Italy) 20 nautical miles north/northeast of Zembra Island.
06/23/43 Submarine HMS Torbay (N 79) sinks Transport SS Aderno (2,609 tons) (ex Ardeola (CW)) (Italy) about 2 miles from Civitavecchia, Italy at position 42º04'N, 11º47'E.

11/04/42 - 11/06/42 Move TENTERDEN: Armed Merchant Cruiser HMS Antwerp escorted by Minesweeper HMS Whitehaven (J 121) and Destroyer HHMS Ierax (D 36) arrived at Beirut, French Mandate of Syria. Bringing 2,400 troops from Cyprus and 1,200 had been put in. There were no incidents.

11/04/42 - 11/06/42 night Operation MAZ.6: 6 MTBs and 2 M.L.s carried out a sweep from Alexandria as far as Mersa Matruh, Egypt to destroy any attempted evacuation of enemy troops by sea. Nothing, however, was seen. Escort Destroyer HMS Exmoor (II) (L 08), Escort Destroyer HMS Croome (L 62), Escort Destroyer HMS Hurworth (L 28), and Escort Destroyer HMS Aldenham (L 22) remained at El Kot anchorage as a striking force if required.



November 5, 1942 Thursday
11/05/42 14:00 Force H arrives off approaches to the Strait of Gibraltar Carriers: HMS Victorious and HMS Formidable Battleships: HMS Duke of York and HMS Nelson Battlecruiser: HMS Renown Light Cruisers: HMS Bermuda Destroyers: HMS Avon Vale, HMS Beagle, HMS Boadicea, HMS Bulldog, HMS Lookout, HMS Opportune, HMS Panther, HMS Penn, and HMS Puckeridge

Air Operations
11/05/42 10:32 an enemy aircraft approached Gibraltar from the East at 25,000 feet. Fighters went up but no contact was made.
11/05/42 Anti-submarine escorts from Gibraltar were flown for Convoy KMS.1 (A) (Slow), Convoy KMS.1 (O) (Slow), Convoy KMF.1 (A) (Fast), Convoy KMF.1 (O) (Fast), and UGF.1
11/05/42 5x Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress and 14x Lockheed Hudson aircraft are flown from the United Kingdom to Gibraltar
11/05/42 a Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress fly's Commanding General European Theater of Operations, Commander in Chief of Operation TORCH: Lieutenant-General Dwight David (Ike) Eisenhower (USA) from England to Gibraltar

Naval Operations
11/05/42 07:00 Corvette HMS Samphire (K128) arrives Gibraltar from Convoy KMS.1 (G) (Slow) with a defect
11/05/42 07:00 sails from Gibraltar to join Force H Destroyers: HMS Calpe and HMS Farndale
11/05/42 09:00 Destroyers: HMS Onslow, HMS Offa HMS, and Oribi rendezvous with Force Q Heavy Cruisers: HMS Cumberland and HMS Norfolk then proceeds to patrol off Azores
11/05/42 10:00 sails from Gibraltar to join Convoy KMF.1 (A) (Fast) Corvettes: HMS Jonquil and HMS Spiraea
11/05/42 11:30 Destroyer HMS Wivern (D 66) escorts the captured Transport SS Caudebec (ex Oldenburg) (1,471 tons) (France) into Gibraltar under an armed guard.
11/05/42 17:40 Light Anti-aircraft Cruiser HMS Sirius (82) sails from Gibraltar to join Force H delayed due to defective turrets
11/05/42 18:30 Force R (Refueling Force for Force H) sails from Gibraltar Corvette: HMS Coreopsis Minesweeper Trawlers: HMS Cava, HMS Hoy, HMS Incholm, HMS Juliet, HMS Othello, HMS Mull, HMS Rysa, and HMS Stroma Motor Launches: ML-307, ML-238 ML-273 ML-283 ML-295 ML-336 ML-338 and ML-444 Fleet Oilers: RFA Brown Ranger and RFA Dingledale
11/05/42 19:00 Force O sails from Gibraltar for Algiers, Algeria Carrier: HMS Argus Light Cruisers: HMS Charybdis, HMS Scylla, and HMS Sheffield Destroyers: HMS Lamerton, HMS Wheatland, HMS Wilton, and ORP Blyskawica (Lightning) (Blyskavica)
11/05/42 19:00 elements of Force H enter Gibraltar anchor and start refueling Battleship: HMS Duke of York Battlecruiser: HMS Renown Light Cruiser: HMS Argonaut Destroyers: HMAS Quiberon, HMS Ashanti, HMS Eskimo, HMS Martin, HMS Meteor, HMS Milne, HMS Partridge, HMS Pathfinder, HMS Quality, HMS Quentin, and HMS Tartar. After refueling Force H forms up in Gibraltar Bay
11/05/42 19:00 Anti-aircraft Ship HMS Tynwald sails from Gibraltar to join Convoy KMF.1 (A) (Fast)
11/05/42 Convoy WS.23 (F) arrives Durban, South Africa Light Cruiser: HMS Durban Destroyers: HMAS Norman and RHS Kanaris Corvettes: HMS Rockrose and HMS Thyme Armed Merchant Cruiser: HMS Carthage
11/05/42 from Convoy WS.24 arrives Ponta Delgado, the Azores refuels and joins Force Q Destroyers: HMS Onslow, HMS Offa, and HMS Oribi
11/05/42 Destroyer HNMS Isaac Sweers (G 83) sails from Convoy KMF.1 (Fast) to join Force H off the Straits of Gibraltar.

Submarine Operations
11/05/42 02:10 Submarine HMS Unseen (P 51) reports a U boat 19 miles off Cape Palos, Spain course 290 degrees speed 6 knots
11/05/42 16:44 Submarine HMS Saracen (P 247) torpedoes and sinks Submarine RN Granito at a range of 800 yards near Capo San Vito, Sicily, Italy at position 38º34'N, 12º09'E.
11/05/42 Submarine HMS Sibyl (P 217) and Submarine HMS P 222 (P 222) arrive at their patrol position off Toulon, France.


November 6, 1942 Friday
11/06/42 04:00 Force H in Gibraltar Bay consists of Battleships: HMS Duke of York and HMS Rodney Battlecruiser: HMS Renown Light Cruiser: HMS Argonaut Destroyers: HMAS Quiberon, HMS Ashanti, HMS Beagle, HMS Bulldog, HMS Eskimo, HMS Lookout, HMS Martin, HMS Meteor, HMS Milne, HMS Opportune, HMS Panther, HMS Partridge, HMS Pathfinder, HMS Penn, HMS Quality, HMS Quentin, and HMS Tartar
11/06/42 08:00 at Gibraltar ANCXF Admiral Sir Andrew Browne Cunningham (RN) transfers his flag from Light Anti-aircraft Cruiser HMS Scylla (98) to Battleship HMS Nelson (28)
11/06/42 10:25 Two French submarines, escorted by a destroyer, pass eastbound through the Straits of Gibraltar
11/06/42 13:00 Five Vichy French Merchant ships pass eastbound through the Straits of Gibraltar
11/06/42 17:00 Convoy KMS.1 (O) (Slow) passes through the Straits of Gibraltar eastbound.
11/06/42 18:30 Convoy KMF.1 (O) (Fast) passes through the Straits of Gibraltar
11/06/42 in the early hours Convoy KMF.1 (A) (Fast) and the LCT convoy pass through the Straits of Gibraltar
11/06/42 Force H ships at Gibraltar Battleship: HMS Nelson Destroyers: HMS Porcupine and HNMS Isaac Sweers
11/06/42 Battleship HMS Nelson (28) is in a collision when taking .up her berth with Tanker: SS Empire Gawain (from Convoy KX.2) and Minesweepers: HMS Brixham (from Convoy KX.4 (A)) and HMS Bude (from Convoy KX.4 (B)), causing damage to their stanchions and guardrails. HMS Nelson disembarks No. 9 Commando to reinforce Gibraltar and refuells.

Air Operations
11/06/42 Anti-submarine escorts from Gibraltar were flown for Convoy KMS.1 (A) (Slow), Convoy KMS.1 (O) (Slow), Convoy KMF.1 (A) (Fast), Convoy KMF.1 (O) (Fast), and UGF.1
11/06/42 10x Spitfires and 10x Lockheed Hudson aircraft are flown from United Kingdom to Gibraltar

Naval Operations
11/06/42 02:00 sails from Gibraltar to join Oran Cover Force Destroyers: HMS Vanoc and HMS Wrestler
11/06/42 02:00 sails from Gibraltar to join Convoy KMF.1 (A) (Fast) Destroyers: HMS Malcolm, HMS Wrestler, and HMS Vanoc relieves Destroyers: HMS Achates, HMS Amazon, HMS Antelope, and HMS Wivern
11/06/42 04:00 Force H sails from Gibraltar Bay to rendezvous at position 36ºN, 3ºW Battleships: HMS Duke of York and HMS Rodney Battlecruiser: HMS Renown Light Cruiser: HMS Argonaut Destroyers: HMAS Quiberon, HMS Ashanti, HMS Beagle, HMS Bulldog, HMS Eskimo, HMS Lookout, HMS Martin, HMS Meteor, HMS Milne, HMS Opportune, HMS Panther, HMS Partridge, HMS Pathfinder, HMS Penn, HMS Quality, and HMS Quentin
11/06/42 05:45 from Convoy KMF.1 (A) (Fast) arrives Gibraltar Destroyers: HMS Achates, HMS Amazon, HMS Antelope, and HMS Wivern
11/06/42 detached from carriers (HMS Formidable and HMS Victorious) joins Force H off the Straits of Gibraltar Battleship: HMS Nelson Destroyers: HMS Avon Vale, HMS Boadicea, HMS Brilliant, HMS Calpe, and HMS Puckeridge.
11/06/42 06:30 elements of Force H enter Gibraltar anchor and start refueling Battleship: HMS Nelson Destroyers: HMS Avon Vale, HMS Boadicea, HMS Brilliant, HMS Calpe, HMS Porcupine, HMS Puckeridge, and HNMS Isaac Sweers
11/06/42 14:45 Military Convoy 9 sails from Gibraltar to join Convoy KMS.1 (O) (Slow) Trawlers: 4 Motor Launches: ML-280, ML-369, ML-463, ML-471, ML-480, and ML-483 Harbour Defence Motor Launches: HDML-1127, HDML-1128, HDML-1139, and HDML-1142 Landing Craft Tank (LCT): 2
11/06/42 15:00 Military Convoy 10 sails from Gibraltar to join Convoy KMS.1 (O) (Slow) Trawlers: 4 Landing Ship Tanks: HMS Bachaquero, HMS Misoa, and HMS Tasajera
11/06/42 15:00 sails from Gibraltar to join Oran Cover Force Destroyer: HMS Vansittart Minesweepers: HMS Bude, HMS Brixham, and HMS Felixstowe
11/06/42 17:00 Destroyer HMS Venomous (D 75) sails from Gibraltar to escort to Gibraltar Fleet Repair Ship HMS Vindictive and Destroyer Depot Ship HMS Hecla (F 20)
11/06/42 18:00 Force H rendezvous at position 36ºN, 3ºW, recombines, and will patrol as far eastward as position 3ºN, 30ºE Carriers: HMS Formidable and HMS Victorious Battleships: HMS Duke of York and HMS Rodney Battlecruiser: HMS Renown Light Cruisers: HMS Argonaut, HMS Bermuda and HMS Sirius Destroyers: HMAS Quiberon, HMS Ashanti, HMS Beagle, HMS Boreas, HMS Bulldog, HMS Eskimo, HMS Lookout, HMS Martin, HMS Meteor, HMS Milne, HMS Opportune, HMS Panther, HMS Partridge, HMS Pathfinder, HMS Penn, HMS Quality, HMS Quentin, and HMS Tartar.
11/06/42 23:50 sails from Military Convoy 10 to join Convoy KMS.1 (O) (Slow) Trawlers: 4 Landing Ship Tanks: HMS Bachaquero, HMS Misoa, and HMS Tasajera
11/06/42 the remainder of Force H enters Gibraltar anchors and starts refueling Carriers: HMS Formidable and HMS Victorious Light Cruisers: HMS Bermuda and HMS Sirius Destroyers: HMS Beagle, HMS Bulldog, HMS Farndale, HMS Lookout, HMS Opportune, HMS Panther, and HMS Penn.
* 11/06/42 Destroyer HMS Brilliant (H 84) from Gibraltar joins Force H
11/06/42 sails from Gibraltar for position 36ºN, 3ºW Carriers: HMS Formidable and HMS Victorious Light Cruisers: HMS Bermuda and HMS Sirius Destroyers: HMS Avon Vale, HMS Boadicea, HMS Brilliant, HMS Calpe, HMS Farndale, and HMS Puckeridge
11/06/42 sails from Gibraltar for position 36ºN, 3ºW Destroyers: HMS Boreas, and HMS Tartar to relive Force H destroyers
11/06/42 sails from position 36ºN, 3ºW for Gibraltar Destroyers: HMS Avon Vale, HMS Boadicea, HMS Brilliant, HMS Calpe, HMS Farndale, and HMS Puckeridge
11/06/42 Military Convoy 2 arrives Gibraltar Battleship: HMS Rodney Destroyers: HMS Lookout, HMS Panther, and HMS Penn
11/06/42 sails from Convoy KMF.1 (Fast) to join Gibraltar Local Escort Sloops: HMS Exe, HMS Rother, and HMS Swale
* 11/06/42 sails from Gibraltar to join Force O Carrier: HMS Avenger Monitor: HMS Frederick Roberts Destroyer: HMS Cowdray and HMS Zetland
11/06/42 sails from Gibraltar to join Oran Cover Force Carrier: HMS Dasher Destroyers: HMS Achates, HMS Amazon, HMS Antelope, HMS Boadicea, HMS Brilliant, and HMS Wivern
* 11/06/42 sails from Gibraltar to join Oran Cover Force Carrier: HMS Biter Anti-aircraft Ship: HMS Alynbank


11/06/42 - 11/14/42 Operation SNEEZE
11/06/42 Precautions against Force "X" (French ships) in Alexandria Harbor, Egypt in event of hostile action by that Force consequent on impending allied landings in North Africa.
11/06/42 all shipping was cleared from Alexandria Harbor, Egypt except the small amount out of range of the French units.
11/07/42 The French battleship LORRAINE was docked in the Admiralty Floating Dock. This was done at Admiral Godfroy's request, made many months ago. This suited us admirably, considerably reducing the strength of Force "X" in the event of hostile action.
11/07/42 The Fifteenth Cruiser Squadron and all available destroyers carried out exercises off Port Said, Egypt and on completion steered towards Alexandria, Egypt for Operation SNEEZE.
11/08/42 Commander in Chief, Mediterranean interviewed Admiral Godfroy on receipt of Admiralty Instructions and informed him of the Allied Landings in North Africa. Admiral Godfroy's reactions were confused and in spite of all arguments he could not decide on any course of action.
11/08/42 adequate precautions in Alexandria, Egypt were taken to meet all eventualities. Heavy and light Army guns disposed around the harbor covered all ships of Force "X". MTBs were positioned so as to be able to torpedo ships if offensive action had to be taken. Boarding parties were in readiness to take over the ships after all resistance had ceased.
11/08/42 Shipping in Alexandria harbor, Egypt had been cleared by this date down to a bare minimum. What little that was left was berthed so as to be hidden from Force "X"'s armament.
11/08/42 Commander in Chief had a further interview with Admiral Godfroy in company with General Andrews, General Commanding First Army, out of which nothing further was achieved. It appeared fairly certain that Admiral Godfroy would take no action against us unless Vichy declared war.
11/08/42 The Fifteenth Cruiser Squadron and all destroyers were ordered to return to Port Said, Egypt and keep steam at short notice.
11/08/42 late in the evening, Force "X" appeared to be raising steam, which later did not materialize into action.
11/09/42 the situation as regards Force "X" appeared to be easing. All precautions in the harbor remained in force. The undocking of LORRAINE was delayed twenty-four hours.
11/09/42 the late Hospital Ship HMHS Somersetshire was moved across the boom as a further obstacle to prevent the ships of Force "X" leaving harbor.
11/10/42 the French battleship LORRAINE undocks from the Admiralty Floating Dock. As a result of an interview with a representative of the Allied Commander in Chief, North Africa, Darlan ordered all sea, land, and air forces in North Africa, including Tunisia, to cease hostilities.
11/11/42 the Fifteenth Cruiser Squadron at Port Said, Egypt was ordered to revert to normal notice. The remaining ships of the Fleet and those units in Alexandria Harbor, Egypt reverted to one hours notice for steam.
11/13/42 the operation and loading of Western Desert ships and craft in Alexandria, Egypt took precedence over the restrictions previously imposed due to Operation SNEEZE.
11/14/42 orders for Operation SNEEZE are cancelled, but certain naval precautions were kept at reasonable notice.


November 7, 1942 Saturday
11/07/42 ANCXF sends a signal of congratulations to the Captain of the Dockyard and his staff for the smooth working of harbor movements during November 5th and 6th.
11/07/42 Light Cruiser HMS Sheffield (C 24) requests that Anti-submarine patrols be extended until dark, since aircraft had spotted her and there was a U boat in the vicinity.
11/07/42 Force H consists of 2x Carriers, 2x Battleships, 1x Battlecruiser, 3x Light Cruisers, and 17x Destroyers

Air Operations
11/07/42 Anti-submarine escorts from Gibraltar were flown for Convoy KMS.1 (A), Convoy KMS.1 (O), Convoy KMF.1 (A), Convoy KMF.1 (O), Convoy KMS.2 (G) (Slow), and Convoy UGF.1
11/07/42 patrolling RAF flying boats sight 6x U-boats and make four attacks, one of which appeared promising.
11/07/42 photographic reconnaissance of Algiers, Algeria and Oran, Algeria showed no change of naval shipping since October.
11/07/42 photographic reconnaissance of Casablanca, French Morocco showed an increase of one large destroyer, two escort vessels, and six or seven submarines.
11/07/42 photographic reconnaissance of Toulon, France showed Battleship Dunkerque in dry dock, Battleship Strasbourg near the dry dock, 3x cruisers, 8x large destroyers and 12x destroyers, and 15x Merchant ships.
11/07/42 12:16 a single Junkers Ju-88 at 1,200 feet flies towards Gibraltar. Fighters go up but fail to make contact before the aircraft withdraws.
11/07/42 16:45 Force H is attacked by Junkers Ju-88’s that are driven off by the ships Anti-aircraft fire.
11/07/42 17:00 Force H is subjected to sporadic air attacks.
11/07/42 18:30 a near miss during an air attack holes and floods forward Destroyer HMS Panther (G 41) at position 37º34'N, 0º01'E. Some fires brake out and her fuel is contaminated. She sails for Gibraltar for repair at 6 knots eventually getting her speed up to 14 knots.
11/07/42 Destroyer HMS Vanoc (H33) rescues a pilot from a crashed Supermarine Seafire IIc Fighter from Escort Aircraft Carrier HMS Argus (D 49).
11/07/42 British Lockheed Hudson aircraft (No. 500 Squadron RAF) badly damage Submarine U-331 and she signals surrender to a seaplane. But she is attacked by a torpedo-equipped Albacore aircraft from the British aircraft carrier HMS Formidable (No. 820 Squadron FAA) and sunk north of Algiers, Algeria at position 37º05'N, 02º27'E
11/07/42 U.S. Army aircraft sink Submarine RN Antonio Sciesa off coast of Libya at position 32°05’N, 23°59’E.

Naval Operations
11/07/42 03:00 sails from Gibraltar to join Oran Cover Force Carrier: HMS Furious Light Cruiser: HMS Delhi Destroyers: HMS Avon Vale, HMS Calpe, HMS Farndale, and HMS Puckeridge
11/07/42 04:00 from Force R joins Convoy KMF.1 (A) (Fast) Minesweeper Trawlers: HMS Cava, HMS Othello, HMS Hoy, HMS Incholm, HMS Juliet, HMS Mull, HMS Rysa, and HMS Stroma Motor Launches: ML-238, ML-273, ML-283, ML-295, ML-336, ML-307, ML-338, and ML-444
11/07/42 04:00 Military Convoy 10 joins Convoy KMS.1 (O) (Slow) Trawlers: 4 Landing Ship Tanks: HMS Bachaquero, HMS Misoa, and HMS Tasajera
11/07/42 07:20 sails from 36°20’N 15°10’W to join Convoy KMS.2 (G) (Slow) Corvette: HMS Coltsfoot
11/07/42 08:00 Destroyer HMS Marne (G 35) from Gibraltar sails to overtake Destroyer HMS Venomous (D 75) and escort to Gibraltar Fleet Repair Ship HMS Vindictive and Destroyer Depot Ship HMS Hecla (F 20)
11/07/42 16:00 sails from Military Convoy 9 to join Convoy KMS.1 (O) (Slow) Trawlers: 4 Motor Launches: ML-280, ML-369, ML-463, ML-471, ML-480, and ML-483 Harbour Defence Motor Launches: HDML-1127, HDML-1128, HDML-1139, and HDML-1142
11/07/42 18:00 from Convoy KMF.1 (A) (Fast) arrives Gibraltar Corvettes: HMS Jonquil, and HMS Spiraea
11/07/42 18:00 Convoy TE.1 from Gibraltar for Oran, Algeria Anti-Submarine Trawlers: HMS Kingston Chrysolite, HMS Lord Hotham, HMS Lord Nuffield, and HMS Scottish
11/07/42 21:59 Fast Patrol Boat HMS Minna from Gibraltar sails to overtake and join Convoy TE.1
11/07/42 23:15 Convoy KMS.1 (A) (Slow) arrives Algiers, Algeria Corvettes: HMS Convolvulus, HMS Gardenia HMS Marigold, HMS Penstemon, and HMS Rhododendron Sloops: HMS Enchantress and HMS Stork
11/07/42 23:15 Convoy KMF.1 (A) (Fast) arrives Algiers, Algeria Anti-aircraft Ship: HMS Palomares, HMS Pozarica, and HMS Tynwald Destroyers: HMS Broke, HMS Malcolm, HMS Vanoc, HMS Velox, HMS Wishart, and HMS Wrestler Minesweeper Trawlers: HMS Cava, HMS Othello, HMS Hoy, HMS Incholm, HMS Juliet, HMS Mull, HMS Rysa, and HMS Stroma Motor Launchs: ML-238, ML-273, ML-283, ML-295, ML-336, ML-307, ML-338, and ML-444 Landing Ship Headquarters (L): HMS Bulolo Merchant ships: 16
11/07/42 late in the evening sails from Force H to Oran Cover Force Battleship: HMS Rodney Destroyers: HMS Beagle, HMS Boreas, and HMS Bulldog
11/07/42 late in the evening Light Cruiser HMS Bermuda (52) sails from Force H and joins Force O.
11/07/42 from Convoy KMF.1 (A) (Fast) to stand by Attack Transport USS Thomas Stone (APA-29) Destroyers: HMS Velox and HMS Wishart Sloop: HMS Spey

Submarine Operations
11/07/42 05:35 Submarine U-205 torpedoes Attack Transport USS Thomas Stone (APA-29) in the stern on the port side knocking out her propeller and bending her rudder to starboard


11/07/42 - 11/08/42 Operation MAZ.8: two MTBs sail from Alexandria, Egypt to the westward to rescue Royal Air Force crews at position 32º55'N, 26º15'E, but found nothing.


November 8, 1942 Sunday
Air Operations
11/08/42 14:40 24x Spitfires fly from Gibraltar to Tafaraoui aerodrome (Oran), Algeria
11/08/42 Anti-submarine escorts from Gibraltar were flown for Force H, Convoy KMS.2 (G) (Slow), Convoy KX.5, and Attack Transport USS Thomas Stone (APA-29). Eleven Anti-submarine patrols were carried out, and one U-boat was sighted. Two aircraft failed to return from these patrols.
11/08/42 52x Spitfires and 2x Hurricanes fly from Gibraltar to Maison Blanche aerodrome and Blida aerodrome Algeria.

Naval Operations
11/08/42 05:30 from Gibraltar joins Oran Cover Force Carrier: HMS Furious Light Cruiser: HMS Delhi Destroyers: HMS Avon Vale, HMS Calpe, HMS Farndale, and HMS Puckeridge
11/08/42 05:30 from Force H joins Oran Cover Force Battleship: HMS Rodney Destroyers: HMS Beagle, HMS Boreas, and HMS Bulldog
11/08/42 Destroyer HMS Escapade (H 17) sails from Gibraltar to join Convoy KMF.2 (Fast)
11/08/42 Convoy KMF.1 (O) (Fast) arrives Oran, Algeria Sloops: HMS Hartland and HMS Walney Landing Ship Headquarters: HMS Largs Merchant Ships: 18
11/08/42 Convoy KMS.1 (O) (Slow) arrives Oran, Algeria Trawlers: 8 Motor Launches: ML-280, ML-369, ML-463, ML-471, ML-480, and ML-483 Harbour Defence Motor Launches: HDML-1127, HDML-1128, HDML-1139, and HDML-1142 Landing Ship Tanks: HMS Bachaquero, HMS Misoa, and HMS Tasajera Merchant Ships: 24
11/08/42 from Convoy KMS.1 (O) (Slow) for Operation RESERVIST (Oran, Algeria) Motor Launches: ML-480 and ML-483
11/08/42 Convoy KMS.3 (G) (Slow) sails from the Clyde, Scotland for Bône, Algeria Destroyers: HMS Wivern, HMS Venomous, and HMS Verity Corvettes: HMCS Lunenburg, HMCS Weyburn, HMS Campion, HMS Carnation, HMS Coreopsis, HMS Jonquil, HMS La Malouine, HMS Mallow, HMS Myosotis, HMS Nasturtium, and HMS Stonecrop Sloops: HMS Enchantress, HMS Fowey, HMS Black Swan, and HMS Fleetwood Catapult Aircraft Merchantmen (CAM): SS Eastern City (5,185 tons) (CW) and SS Empire Foam (7,047 tons) (CW) Merchant Ships: 57

Submarine Operations
11/08/42 Submarine U-431 and Submarine U-565 attacks CENTRAL NAVAL TASK FORCE (Oran, Algeria) but are repulsed by escort
11/08/42 11:25 Submarine HMS United (P 44) witnesses an attack on Light Cruiser RN Attilio Regolo by Submarine HMS Unruffled (P 46) 16 miles northwest of Cape San Vito, which blew a considerable portion of her bow away. Submarine HMS United (P 44) attempted to finish her off, but missed, though an escorting destroyer may have been hit.
11/08/42 Submarine HMS Rorqual (N 74) arrives at Port Said, Egypt from Malta for docking.


November 8, 1942 Sunday ================ Operation TORCH D-Day ================
11/08/42 Light Cruiser: HMS Argonaut Destroyer: HMS Ashanti deploy for a wireless signal deception operation to divert enemy attention away from the landings.

11/08/42 ================ WESTERN NAVAL TASK FORCE (Casablanca, French Morocco) ================
Convoy UGF.1 arrives Casablanca, French Morocco and starts its landings

TG 34.1 Covering Group
Naval Operations
Battleship: USS Massachusetts Heavy Cruisers: USS Tuscaloosa and USS Wichita Destroyers: USS John Mayrant, USS Alexander Colden Rhind, USS Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright, and USS Thornton Alexander Jenkins Fleet Oiler: USS Chemung

TG 34.8 Northern Attack Group: Operation GOALPOST (Port-Lyautey, French Morocco)
Carrier: USS Sangamon and USS Chenango Battleship: USS Texas Light Cruiser: USS Savannah Destroyers: USS Alexander James Dallas, USS Edward Walter Eberle, USS John Ericsson, USS Samuel Hambleton, USS Lawrence Kearny, USS Samuel Livermore, USS David B. Macomb, USS Foxhall Alexander Parker Jr., and USS Francis Asbury Roe Minesweepers: USS Raven and USS Osprey Seaplane Tender: USS Barnegat Merchant Ships: 8

60th Regimental Combat Team, 9th Infantry Division, USA
1st Battalion (reinforced), 66th Armored Regiment

Operation GOALPOST'S mission was to capture the Port-Lyautey aerodrome to support the attack on Casablanca, French Morocco.

Submarine Operations
Submarine: USS Shad ~ performing as beacon to the convoy


TG 34.9 Center Attack Group: Operation BRUSHWOOD (Fedala, French Morocco)
Naval Operations
Carriers: USS Ranger and USS Suwannee Heavy Cruiser: USS Augusta Light Cruiser: USS Cleveland Destroyers: USS Thomas Boyle, USS Mark Lambert Bristol, USS Jean Constance Corry, USS Thomas Alva Edison, USS Theodore Gordon Ellyson, USS LeRoy Fitch, USS Dulany Forrest, USS Richmond Pearson Hobson, USS Augustus C. Ludlow, USS John McLeod Murphy, USS Stephen Clegg Rowan, USS Claude Augustus Swanson, USS Benjamin Ryan Tillman, USS Charles Wilkes, and USS Melancthon Brooks Woolsey Destroyer Minesweepers: USS Daniel Hogan, USS James Shedden Palmer, and USS John Stansbury Minelayers: USS Miantonomah and USS Terror Minesweeper: USS Auk Fleet Oiler: USS Winooski Merchant Ships: 15

7th Regimental Combat Team, 3rd Infantry Division, USA
30th Regimental Combat Team, 3rd Infantry Division, USA
Task Force A, 2nd Armored Division, USA
756th Tank Battalion

Operation BRUSHWOOD was the main amphibious landing for the capture of Casablanca, French Morocco.

Submarine Operations
Submarines: USS Herring and USS Gunnel ~ performing as beacon to the convoy


TG 34.10 Southern Attack Group: Operation BLACKSTONE (Safi, French Morocco)
Naval Operations
Carrier: USS Santee Battleship: USS New York Light Cruiser: USS Philadelphia Destroyers: USS Frank Edmund Beatty, USS Thomas Jefferson Cowie, USS John James Doran, USS George Foster Emmons, USS Austin Melvin Knight, USS William Mervine, USS John Henry Quick, and USS Hugh Rodman Destroyer Minesweepers: USS Archibald Hamilton and USS Charles W. Howard Minelayer: USS Monadnock Fleet Tug: USS Cherokee Submarine: USS Barb APD Destroyers: USS John Baptiste Bernadou and USS Edward Ball Cole Fleet Oilers: USS Merrimack and USS Housatonic Merchant Ships: 6

47th Regimental Combat Team, 9th Infantry Division, USA
67th Armored Regiment, 2nd Armored Division, USA
70th Tank Battalion

Operation BLACKSTONE'S mission was to capture Safi, French Morocco for the landing of medium tanks for the Western Task Force.


11/08/42 ================ CENTRAL NAVAL TASK FORCE (Oran, Algeria) ================
11/08/42 Light Cruiser: HMS Aurora engages a small fully lighted French convoy, which disrupts the scheduled landings at Mersa bou Zedjar (Oran), Algeria. The French convoys trawler escort flees, one ship is boarded, and 4 run ashore off Cap Figalo.
11/08/42 6 Sea Hurricanes from No. 800 Squadron FAA (from HMS Biter) and No. 802 Squadron FAA (from HMS Dasher) while escorting eight Fairey Albacores of No 882 squadron FAA (from HMS Furious) on a dive-bombing strike on the La Sénia aerodrome (Oran), Algeria shoot down 5 French Dewoitine D.520 fighters. The strike at La Sénia put out of action or destroyed 47 French aircraft. All six Sea Hurricanes are lost in poor visibility in the target area, five managed to crash land in American held territory (Royal Navy Research Archive). A few minutes after the Albacore strike ten Supermarine Seafires from HMS Furious strafe La Sénia.

11/08/42 - 11/09/42 Naval Actions off Oran
British
Light Cruisers: HMS Aurora and HMS Jamaica Destroyers: HMS Brilliant, HMS Boadicea, HMS Westcott and HMS Achates Escort Destroyers: HMS Calpe and HMS Farndale
Vichy French
Large Destroyer (Contre-torpilleur): Épervier (Sparrowhawk) Destroyers (Torpilleur): Tornade (Tornado or Whirlwind) Tramontane (north Wind) Typhon (Typhoon) Minesweeper Sloop (Aviso-Dragueur de mines): La Surprise (Surprise) Submarines (Sous-marin): Actéon (Action) and Argonaute (Argonaut)
11/08/42 (French version)
Destroyer HMS Boadicea sends the recognition signal, when the French don’t answer she opens fire on the Tornado, which returns fire. A 130mm (5 inch) shell hits iHMS Boadicea in the forward shell room, which results in some compartment flooding. She ceases fire and makes smoke screen for concealment. She will be repaired in Gibraltar. Escort Destroyer HMS Calpe’s opens fire and her first salvo lands very close to Tornade. Light Cruiser HMS Aurora adds her fire to that of HMS Calpe. Tornade is damaged by gunfire from the HMS Aurora and HMS Calpe. Her first hit is on her stern, another penetrates the engine room under the waterline, the last projectile crossed the stern deck and bursts on the starboard side. Her speed decreased rapidly and she started to list to starboard. A few shells fell close as boats and rafts were gathered to evacuate the injured. The Tornade was listing heavily to starboard as the captain ordered the remaining crew to abandon ship. 07:30 she capsized and sank by the stern. Tramontane is sunk at position 35º55’N, 01º05’W damaged by gunfire from the Light Cruiser Aurora and Escort Destroyer HMS Calpe. The first broadside swept the bridge of Tramontane and disabled half of her armament. She runs aground under the cliffs off Cape Aiguille.
(English version: 11/09/42 Typhon sails with Épervier instead of on 11/08/42 with Tornade and Tramontane)
Typhon has numerous fires break out when two oil fuel tanks are hit above the water line by gunfire from HMS Aurora. A 152mm (6 inch) shell passes through the funnel before exploading on the port side, killing several sailors. She could finally come back to the harbor where she will be scuttled 11/10/42 in an attempt to block access to the harbor of Oran.
Minesweeper Sloop (Aviso-Dragueur de mines) makes it out to sea and heads for the transports but is cut off by Destroyer HMS Brilliant (H 84). One salvo from the HMS Brilliant swept bridge, which was literally torn off. She was cut in two by gunfire and sank shortly after daybreak at position 35º55’N, 01º05’W.
Position 36º48’N, 00º59’W Submarines (Sous-marin) Actéon and Argonaute sunk by Destroyers HMS Achates and HMS Westcott.
11/09/42 (French version)
Although Épervier had not completed a long period of repairs from continuations operations in the North Sea and on the coasts of Norway in 1940 she still attempted to leave the port like the others. She is quickly hit and set on fire by HMS Aurora, HMS Jamaica, and two destroyers. After exhausting all her offensive capability she is beached on the coast.


Oran Cover Force
11/08/42 13:00 Battleship HMS Rodney (29) opens fire on Fort du Santon at a range of 30,000 yards (the French 194mm/50 M1902 was thought to have a maximum range of 28,500 yards). HMS Rodney had to take great care not to cause civilian damage because housing surrounded the fort. After firing sixteen 16-inch shells low cloud caused her to cease firing. Damage to fort was difficult to ascertain, as during the bombardment the guns of Fort du Stanton remained silent. During the shoot HMS Rodney was forced to make an emergency turn to avoid a torpedo (the torpedo had possibly been fired by a Vichy French submarine, either the Actéon or the Argonaute both had sailed from Oran, Algeria earlier and both were sunk later in the day by HMS Achates and HMS Westcott). (Naval History Net)
11/08/42 Oran Cover Force consists of Carriers: HMS Biter, HMS Dasher, and HMS Furious Battleship: HMS Rodney Light Cruiser: HMS Delhi Destroyers: HMS Amazon, HMS Avon Vale, HMS Beagle, HMS Boadicea, HMS Boreas, HMS Bulldog, HMS Puckeridge, HMS Vansittart, and HMS Wivern Minesweepers: HMS Bude, HMS Brixham, and HMS Felixstowe
11/08/42 Light Cruiser HMS Aurora (12) engages a small fully lighted French convoy, which disrupts the scheduled landings at Mersa bou Zedjar. The French convoys trawler escort flees, one ship is boarded, and 4 run ashore off Cap Figalo.


Western Landing Group: Beach X-RAY (Bay of Mersa bou Zedjar; Oran, Algeria)
Senior Naval Officer Landings: Captain George Roland Gordon Allen (RN) Flagship: Landing Ship Infantry (L) SS Stefan Batory.

Aboard HMS Largs:
Commander CENTRAL NAVAL TASK FORCE (Oran, Algeria) Commodore Thomas Hope Troubridge (RN) Flagship: Landing Ship Headquarters (L) HMS Largs
Commanding General Central Task Force and Commanding General II Corps (USA) Major-General Lloyd Ralston Fredendall (USA).
Assistant Commander USAAF Twelfth Air Force: Colonel Lauris Norstad (USA).
American Vice-consul Mr. Leland L. Rounds (recently been brought out from Oran) liaison to friendly French elements ashore and political intelligence adviser to General Fredendall.

Light Cruiser: HMS Aurora Destroyer: HMS Calpe Corvettes: 2 Sloops: 2 Trawler: 1 Motor launch: 1 Landing Ship Headquarters (L): HMS Largs Landing Ship Infantry (L): 1 Landing Ships Infantry (M): 2 Liberty Ships: 2 Transports: 2 Landing Ship Tank (Mk 1): 1

6th Armored Infantry Regiment (USA), 1st Armored Division (USA) to clear Beach X-RAY enabling Task Force GREEN to land
Task Force GREEN: One third of Combat Command B (-), 1st Armored Division (USA) to attack either toward Tafaraoui or La Sénia

Submarine Operations
Submarine HMS Unseen (P 51) ~ performing as beacon to the convoy
Submarine HMS Unshaken (P 54) between Beach X-RAY and Beach YORKER ~ performing as beacon to the convoy


Centre Landing Group: Beach YORKER (Les Andalouses; Oran, Algeria)
Senior Naval Officer Landings: Captain E. V. Lees (RN) Flagship: Landing Ship Infantry (L) HMS Glengyle
1st Infantry Division (USA) Assistant Commander Brigadier General Theodore Roosevelt Jr. (USA)
26th Infantry Regiment (USA) Commander Colonel Alexander N. Stark Jr. (USA)

Destroyers: HMS Brilliant and HMS Verity Trawlers: 4 Motor Launches: 5 Landing Ships Infantry (L): 3 Transports: 2

26th Regimental Combat Team 1st Infantry Division (USA) to capture Djebel Santon and Djebel Murdjadjo


Eastern Landing Group: Beach ZEBRA (Golfe d'Arzew; Oran, Algeria)
Senior Naval Officer Landings: Captain Quintin Dick Graham (RN) Flagship: Landing Ship Infantry (L) RMMV Reina Del Pacifico (CW)
Commanding General 1st Infantry Division, USA (Major-General Terry de la Mesa Allen Sr.)
Commanding General Combat Command B, 1st Armored Division, USA (Brigadier General Lunsford Errett Oliver)
Commander 18th Regimental Combat Team, 1st infantry division, USA (Colonel Frank Upton Greer)

Light Cruiser: HMS Jamaica Anti-aircraft Ship: HMS Alynbank Destroyers: HMS Achates, HMS Farndale, and HMS Bicester Corvettes: 5 Sloop: HMS Deptford Cutters: 2 Trawlers: 3 Minesweepers: HMS Brixham, HMS Bude, HMS Clacton, HMS Felixstowe, HMS Polruan, HMS Rhyl, HMS Rothesay, and HMS Stornoway

16th Regimental Combat Team, 1st infantry division (USA) to capture Arzew and St. Cloud
Two thirds of Combat Command B (-), 1st Armored Division (USA) to capture Damesme and St. Leu.
1st Ranger Battalion (USA) to capture Fort de la Pointe and Fort du Norde.

Submarine Operations
Submarine HMS Ursula (N 59) ~ performing as beacon to the convoy


Operation RESERVIST (Oran, Algeria)
11/05/42 arrives at Gibraltar durring the night Transport SS Leinster (4,303 tons) (CW).
11/06/42 Transport SS Leinster (4,303 tons) (CW) transfers Lieutenant Colonel George F. Marshall and 17 officers, 376 men, from the 3rd Battalion, 6th Armored Infantry Regiment, 1st Armored Division, USA to Sloops: HMS Hartland and HMS Walney.
11/08/42 02:45 HMS Walney approaches the harbor in the shadow of the cliffs on the eastern edge of the bay followed in five minutes' by HMS Hartland
The harbor is enclosed on its Northern edge by a breakwater and across the eastern end by a small jetty extending from the Môle du Ravin Blanc with an opening about 200 yards wide blocked by a floating boom. Fixed fortified batteries commanded the entrance, the harbor itself, and all adjacent waters. While dual-purpose artillery, machine guns, and the naval guns of warships in the northwestern corner of the harbor can be brought to bear on intruders.
11/08/42 03:00 the sloops near the entrance and one of the motor launches speeds ahead to lay a smoke screen. As a searchlight sweeps the bay and tracer bullets hit far in front of HMS Walney. Then the searchlight finds her and artillery fire starts to range in. A large American flag at her stern, and a loud speaker repeatedly asserting the approaching force was friendly, makes no difference to the French. The ship is soon jarred by a hit the ship that throws men to the deck. Captain Peters turns to the north, with the HMS Hartland still following, and circles to try for the harbor entrance at top speed. He seems to have disregarded a message he received during his approach to the harbor from headquarters on HMS Largs, which reported: "No shooting thus far; landings unopposed"; and instructed the RESERVIST force: "Don't start a fight unless you have to."
The second approach
HMS Walney is hit by artillery and machine gun fire, but she reaches the boom, brakes it, and slips inside the harbor and the French shift their fire to HMS Hartland. No longer under fire HMS Walney launches three canoes in the Western end of the port. Just after passing between the Môle du Ravin Blanc and a floating dry-dock moored near the Northern breakwater, a French destroyer approaches head on from the west. HMS Walney fails in an attempt to ram the destroyer and is subjected to intense fire from the destroyer as the two ships scrape past each other. Shortly after this HMS Walney is hit by intense fire from ahead, port, and starboard sides. HMS Walney is on fire, her ammunition exploding, her guns out of action, and all bridge officers dead accept one that is wounded. The troops under Colonel Marshall keep up small arms fire until thy fall or receive word to abandon ship. HMS Walney is left a semi-submerged wreck in the Western end of the harbor.
HMS Hartland is caught by heavy fire just short of the smoke screen at the harbor mouth. A shell splinter temporarily blinds Commander Billot, while most of her gun crews and many of the troops crouching below decks were wounded or killed during this approach. In the darkness and Unable to find the entrance HMS Hartland strikes the jetty south of it. The wounded Commander Billot has the vessel backed off and again sent forward despite the damage already received and succeeds in entering the port. As HMS Hartland swings around the end of the Môle du Ravin Blanc to reach her disembarkation point and runs into the pointblank fire from the French destroyer Typhon moored beside the mole. The shells tear through the unarmored hull and explode inside HMS Hartland knocking out her controls and setting her on fire in several places. Adrift and in danger of exploding Commander Billot orders abandon ship.
11/08/42 04:00 HMS Hartland’s survivors leave the burning vessel in two motor launches and withdraw seaward.
Of the 17 officers and 376 enlisted men of the 6th Armored Infantry, 9 officers and 180 enlisted men were killed or presumed dead while 5 officers and 152 enlisted men were wounded. Only 3 officers and 44 enlisted men landed unhurt.
U.S. Navy casualties were 5 killed and 7 wounded; Royal Navy losses, 113 killed and 86 wounded.
All survivors were held first as civil, then military, prisoners while the battle for Oran continued, its ultimate outcome almost unaffected by this bloody episode.



11/08/42 ================ EASTERN NAVAL TASK FORCE (Algiers, Algeria) ================
11/08/42 17:00 the Allied ships off Algiers, Algeria are attacked by 13 German Junkers Ju-88 torpedo bombers (III./KG 26) "Löwengeschwader (Lion Tamers)". An aerial torpedo hits Attack Transport USS Leedstown (AP-73) (9,135 tons) on the starboard side aft while anchored 3 miles off Cape Matifon. The explosion destroys her steering gear and floods her after section.
11/08/42 Four Martlet IV (Grumman F4F-4B) fighters from No. 882 Squadron FAA (Aircraft Carrier HMS Victorious (R 38)) land at Blida airdrome, Algiers, Algeria and accept its surrender.
11/08/42 34 Heinkel He-111 bombers raid ships of EASTERN NAVAL TASK FORCE (Algiers, Algeria) with torpedo and bomb attacks off Algiers, Algeria.
11/08/42 Axis bombers and torpedo bombers heavily attack Escort Destroyer HMS Cowdray (L 52) while she patrols off Beach CHARLIE, east of Cap Matifou (Algiers, Algeria). The torpedoes miss but a bomb strikes the forward structure on starboard side and explodes under the hull. Extensive damage is sustained and No. 1 Boiler Room and was disabled.
11/08/42 12th Minesweeping Flotilla (elements) performed minesweeping duties to beaches then performed anti-submarine duty.

Force O (EASTERN NAVAL TASK FORCE Cover Force)
Carriers: HMS Argus and Avenger Light Cruisers: HMS Bermuda, HMS Charybdis, HMS Scylla, and HMS Sheffield Destroyers: HMS Cowdray, HMS Lamerton, HMS Wheatland, HMS Wilton, HMS Zetland, and ORP Blyskawica (Lightning) (Blyskavica)
11/08/42 05:30 Light Cruiser HMS Bermuda (52) sails from Force H to join Force O
Force O consists of Carriers: HMS Argus and Avenger Monitor: HMS Frederick Roberts Light Cruisers: HMS Bermuda, HMS Charybdis, HMS Scylla, and HMS Sheffield Destroyers: HMS Cowdray, HMS Lamerton, HMS Wheatland, HMS Wilton, HMS Zetland, and ORP Blyskawica (Lightning) (Blyskavica)


EASTERN NAVAL TASK FORCE Reserve Force
Commanding Officer Centre and Eastern Task Forces (Vice Admiral Sir Harold Martin Burrough KBE, DSO (RN)) Flagship: Landing Ship Headquarters (L) HMS Bulolo (F.82)
Commanding General 34th infantry Division, USA (Major-General Charles Wolcott Ryder) aboard HMS Bulolo
Commanding General 78th Infantry Division, British (Major-General Vyvyan Evelegh) aboard HMS Bulolo

Destroyers: HMS Clare, HMS Wheatland, and HMS Wilton Sloops: HMS Aberdeen and HMS Ibis Landing Ships Infantry (L): 2 Liberty Ship: 1 Transports: 5

78th Infantry Division (Battleaxe) (British) Commander Major-General Vyvyan Evelegh (British)
36th Infantry Brigade, 78th Infantry Division (British) 7,100 men in reserve aboard 8 Transports off Beach APPLES and Beach BEER
5th Battalion The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment).
6th Battalion Royal west Kent Regiment
8th Battalion The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders.


Western Landing Group: Beach APPLES (Castiglione Beach; Algiers, Algeria)
Anti-aircraft Ship: HMS Pozarica Destroyer: HMS Bramham Corvettes: HMS Convolvulus and HMS Marigold Sloops: HMS Stork and HMS Enchantress Landing Ship Headquarters (L): HMS Bulolo Landing Ships Infantry (L): x3 Landing Ship Gantry/Oiler: x1 Liberty Ships: x2 Transports: x2

11th Infantry Brigade, 78th Infantry Division (British) Commanding Brigadier General Edward Earnshaw Eden "Copper" Cass (British) 7,230 officers and enlisted men to establish southern flank protection
1st Battalion, East Surrey Regiment (British) Commanding Lieutenant Colonel William Basil Samuel Joseph Anthony Edward Wilberforce (British)
5th Battalion, Northamptonshire Regiment (British) Commanding Lieutenant Colonel Arthur Ainslie-Crook (British)
2d Battalion, Lancashire Fusiliers (British) Commanding Lieutenant Colonel L. A. Manly (British)

Submarine Operations
Submarine HMS Shakespeare (P 221) ~ performing as beacon to the convoy


Centre Landing Group: Beach BEER (between Cap Sidi Ferruch and Fort Duperre; Algiers, Algeria)
Anti-aircraft Ship: HMS Palomares Monitor: HMS Frederick Roberts Destroyers: ORP Blyskawica (Lightning) (Blyskavica) and HMS Wilton Minesweepers: HMS Acute, HMS Algerine, and HMS Hussar Landing Ships Infantry (L): x7

168th Regimental Combat Team, 34th Infantry Division (USA) to cut the branch roads to the main highway between Castiglione and Algiers and capture the administrative headquarters in old Fort L'Empereur directly west of Algiers.
No. 1 Commando (-) (British and USA) five troops to capture Fort de Sidi Ferruch
No. 6 Commando to capture Fort Anglais and Fort Independence.

Submarine Operations
Submarine HMS P 48 (P 48) ~ performing as beacon to the convoy. Afterwards carrying out a patrol in the Gulf of Tunis.


Eastern Landing Group: Beach CHARLIE (between Jean-Bart Village and Taya Village; Algiers, Algeria)
11/08/42 Axis bombers and torpedo bombers heavily attack Destroyer HMS Cowdray (L 52) while she patrolled off Beach CHARLIE, east of Cap Matifou (Algiers, Algeria). The torpedoes miss but a bomb strikes the forward structure on starboard side and explodes under the hull. Extensive damage is sustained and No. 1 Boiler Room and was disabled.

Anti-aircraft Ship: Anti-aircraft Ship HMS Tynwald Destroyers: Escort Destroyer HMS Cowdray (L 52) and Escort Destroyer HMS Zetland (L 59) Corvettes: Corvette HMS Penstemon (K 61) and Corvette HMS Samphire (K128) Minesweepers: Minesweeper HMS Speedwell (J 87), Minesweeper HMS Alarm (J 140), Minesweeper HMS Albacore (J 101), and Minesweeper HMS Cadmus (J 230) Attack Transports: x2 Attack Cargo Ships: x1 Landing Ship Infantry (L): x1 Liberty Ship: x1 Transports: x3

Anti-aircraft Ship: HMS Palomares Monitor: HMS Frederick Roberts Destroyers: ORP Blyskawica (Lightning) (Blyskavica) and HMS Wilton Minesweepers: HMS Acute, HMS Algerine, and HMS Hussar Landing Ships Infantry (L): 7

39th Infantry Regimental Combat Team, 9th Infantry Division (USA) to cut the branch roads to the main highway between Castiglione and Algiers and capture the administrative headquarters in old Fort L'Empereur directly west of Algiers.

Troops No. 1, 2, 3, 7, and 8 of No. 1 Commando (British and USA) Commanding Leutenant Colonel Thomas Hoult Trevor (British) to capture Fort de Sidi Ferruch
Troops No. 1, 2, and 3 of (British) Troops No. 7 and 8 (USA).

Submarine Operations
Submarine HMS Unrivalled (P 45) ~ performing as beacon to the convoy. On completion she carried out a patrol in the Gulf of Tunis.


Operation TERMINAL (Algiers, Algeria):
11/07/42 sails from Force O to Convoy KMF.1 (A) (Fast) Light Cruiser: HMS Sheffield transfers members of 3rd Battalion, 135th Infantry Regiment, 34th Infantry Division, USA to Destroyers: HMS Broke and HMS Malcolm
11/08/42 sails from Convoy KMF.1 (A) (Fast) for Operation TERMINAL (Algiers, Algeria) Destroyers: HMS Broke HMS, Malcolm, and HMS Westcott

3rd Battalion (Colonel Edwin Swenson, USA), 135th Infantry Regiment, 34th Infantry Division, USA.

Destroyer HMS Malcolm (D19) and Destroyer HMS Broke (D83) attempt to land troops under the command of Colonel Edwin Swenson, USA to capture and prevent damage to the port facilities at Algiers, Algeria. Destroyer HMS Malcolm (D19) is forced to retire with severe damage while Destroyer HMS Broke (D83) is able to land its Troops but will sink later. The Troops surrender 7 hours after landing but are able to prevent the destruction of the port before the French defenders have to surrender to larger Allied forces.

11/08/42 ================ Operation TORCH D-Day ================


November 9, 1942 Monday
11/09/42 Force H at Gibraltar Carrier: HMS Formidable Battleships: HMS Nelson and HMS Rodney Destroyers: HMS Ashanti, HMS Eskimo, HMS Lookout, HMS Meteor, HMS Partridge, HMS Pathfinder, HMS Penn, HMS Porcupine, HMS Tartar, and HMS Vanoc

Air Operations
11/09/42 12:55 2 German Junkers Ju-88 bombers attack with three bombs Attack Transport USS Leedstown (AP-73) (9,135 tons). One Ju88 is shot down but USS Leedstown is further damaged by a near miss.
11/09/42 Anti-submarine escorts from Gibraltar were flown for Convoy KMS.2 (G) (Slow), Convoy KX.5, and Attack Transport USS Thomas Stone (APA-29). Twelve patrols were carried out, but no U-boats were sighted.
11/09/42 30x Spitfires and 1x Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress fly from Gibraltar to Oran, Algeria

Naval Operations
11/09/42 23:50 sails from Gibraltar to join Convoy KMS.2 (G) (Slow) Corvettes: HMS Armeria, HMS Cyclamen, HMS Geranium, and HMS Spiraea Minesweeping trawler: HMS Foula, HMS Hunda, HMS Kintyre, and HMS Westray Fleet Oiler: RFA Abbeydale Merchant ship: SS Empire Ruskin.
11/09/42 sails from Force H arrives Gibraltar Destroyers: HMS Ashanti, HMS Eskimo, HMS Meteor, HMS Partridge, HMS Pathfinder, HMS Penn, HMS Porcupine, and HMS Tartar
11/09/42 Oran Cover Force arrives Gibraltar Carriers: HMS Furious Battleships: HMS Rodney Destroyers: HMS Calpe, and HMS Puckeridge
* 11/09/42 Convoy TE.1 arrives Oran, Algeria Anti-Submarine Trawlers: HMS Kingston Chrysolite, HMS Lord Hotham, HMS Lord Nuffield, and HMS Scottish Fast Patrol Boat: HMS Minna
11/09/42 Corvette HMS La Malouine (K 46) from Convoy KMS.3 (G) (Slow) arrives Gibraltar
11/09/42 Convoy TE.2 sails from Gibraltar to Oran, Algeria Minesweeper Trawlers: HMS Jura, HMS Rousay, HMS Ruskholm, and HMS Stronsay Armed Boarding Vessel (Yacht): Charles McIver Boom defence vessel: HMS Bardolf
11/09/42 sails from Gibraltar for Algeriers, Algeria to rendezvous with Auxiliary Aircraft Carrier HMS Avenger (D 14) and escort her back to Gibraltar Destroyers: HMS Brilliant and HMS Wishart.
11/09/42 sails from Gibraltar to rendezvous with Carrier: HMS Avenger and escort her back to Gibraltar Destroyers: HMS Wishart and HMS Brilliant.
11/09/42 Destroyer HMS Panther (G 41) from Force H arrives Gibraltar is placed in dry-dock for repair. HMS Panther resumes duties 12/10/42.
11/09/42 Minesweeper Trawler HMS Fluellen (T 157) in collision with and sinks Corvette HMS Gardenia (K 99) off Oran, Algeria at position 35º49'N, 01º05'W
11/09/42 Escort Destroyer HMS Cowdray (L 52) towed by Minesweeper HMS Algerine (J 213) and beached 7 miles from Algiers, Algeria. HMS Cowdray prepared for scuttling.

Submarine Operations
11/09/42 14:04 Submarine U-331 hits Attack Transport USS Leedstown (AP-73) (9,135 tons) with 2 torpedoes off Algiers, Algeria.
11/09/42 16:15 Attack Transport USS Leedstown (AP-73) (9,135 tons) sinks. The commander of USS Leedstown and 103 survivors are picked up by HMS Samphire (K 128)
11/09/42 Submarine HMS Unruffled (P 46) torpedoes and severely damages Light Cruiser RN Attilio Regolo west of Sicily (the cruiser's bow is removed up to the bridge but HMS Unruffled is out of torpedoes)
11/09/42 Submarine HMS Clyde (N 12) was sails for Gibraltar and the United Kingdom for refit.
11/09/42 Submarine HMS Unruffled (P 46) torpedoes and damages Light Cruiser RN Attilio Regolo west of Sicily, removing the cruiser's bow up to the bridge. HMS Unruffled had no more torpedoes, and the cruiser was towed to port by the tug Polifemo, escorted by Torpedo Boats Cigno, Lince and Abba. United tried to finish off the cruiser, but failed.


11/09/42 Operation MAG.1: The Fourteenth Minesweeping Flotilla, consisting of Minesweeper HMS Cromer (J 128), Minesweeper HMS Cromarty (J 09), and Minesweeper HMS Boston (J 14), in company with danlayers and A/S craft, reported having swept up 46 mines during the day in the vicinity of Mersa Matruh, Egypt. 17:15 Minesweeper HMS Cromer (J 128) struck at mine and blew up at position 31º26º8'N, 27º16'E. Minesweeper HMS Cromarty (J 09) and Minesweeper HMS Boston (J 14) picked up four officers and thirty-two ratings (nine of which were seriously wounded). The Commanding Officer was amongst those missing. It would appear that Minesweeper HMS Cromer (J 128) struck a mine, which was slowing sinking just below the surface.


November 10, 1942 Tuesday
11/10/42 AOC Eastern Air Command (Air Marshal Sir William Lawrie Welsh), and his Staff left for Algiers, Algeria

Air Operations
11/10/42 Italian torpedo bombers sink Sloop HMS Ibis (U 99) 10 miles north of Algiers, Algeria at position 37º00'N, 03º00'E.
11/10/42 Anti-submarine escorts from Gibraltar 25x aircraft are available for Anti-submarine or shipping patrols.
11/10/42 7x Hurricanes and 6x Swordfish fly from Gibraltar flown to Algiers, Algeria aircraft
11/10/42 25x American Spitfires fly from Gibraltar to Oran, Algeria

Naval Operations
11/10/42 08:00 sails from Convoy KMS.2 (G) (Slow) to Gibraltar Local Escort Destroyers: HMS Albrighton, HMS Cleveland, and KNM Eskdale Corvettes: HMCS Prescott and HMCS Woodstock, HMS Armeria, HMS Cyclamen, HMS Geranium, and HMS Spiraea Sloop: HMS Londonderry Minesweeper Trawlers: HMS Foula HMS Hunda HMS Kintyre HMS Westray
11/10/42 afternoon Oran Cover Force arrives Gibraltar Carriers: HMS Biter and HMS Dasher with Destroyers: 5
11/10/42 Force Q sails from the Azores for Gibraltar Heavy Cruisers: HMS Cumberland and HMS Norfolk Destroyers: HMS Onslow, HMS Offa HMS, and Oribi
11/10/42 sails from Gibraltar to join Convoy KX.5 Destroyers: HMS Blean and KNM Glaisdale
11/10/42 Convoy KX.5 arrives Gibraltar Destroyers: HMS Blean and KNM Glaisdale Corvettes: HMS Aubretia, HMS Dianella, HMS Lotus, HMS Montbretia, HMS Poppy, and HMS Starwort Minesweeper Trawlers: HMS Elbury, HMS Filey Bay, HMS Goth, and HMS Negro Merchant Ships: 31
11/10/42 Algiers, Algeria Auxiliary Aircraft Carrier HMS Avenger (D 14) enters Algiers harbor for repairs. Her speed had been reduced to 14 knots due to engine defects.
11/10/42 Destroyer HMS Escapade (H 17) sails from Convoy KMF.2 (Fast) to join Convoy MKF.1 (X)

Submarine Operations
11/10/42 from Convoy TE.3 Destroyer HMS Verity (D 63), Destroyer HMS Westcott (D 47), Destroyer HMS Wivern (D 66), Corvette HMS Lotus (K 130), and Corvette HMS Starwort (K 20) take part in a concentrated depth charge attack on Submarine U-660 off Oran.
11/10/42 07:10 Submarine HMS Una (N 87) sighted an enemy force of three 6 inch Cruisers, escorted by six destroyers at position 37º11'N, 15º30'E.
11/10/42 Submarine HMS Porpoise (N 14) was retained at Malta for a possible landing of military personnel in the Sousse area, Tunisia to captain certain coast Defense guns.


11/10/42 - 11/12/42 Operation MH.1:
11/10/42 07:00 Minelayer HMS Manxman (M 70) escorted by Escort Destroyer HMS Dulverton (L 63), Escort Destroyer HMS Croome (L 62), Escort Destroyer HMS Beaufort (L 14) and Escort Destroyer HMS Aldenham (L 22) was sailed from Port Said arriving at Alexandria after dark. Two hundred military personnel were embarked for passage to Malta.
11/11/42 05:00 Minelayer HMS Manxman (M 70) escorted by Escort Destroyer HMS Dulverton (L 63), Escort Destroyer HMS Beaufort (L 14), Escort Destroyer HMS Aldenham (L 22), Escort Destroyer HMS Hurworth (L 28), and Escort Destroyer HMS Belvoir (L 32) was sailed from Alexandria for Malta. On passing through the boom, Minelayer HMS Manxman (M 70) grounded after outside the quarantine breakwater. With the assistance of a tug she was refloated at 06:20 reporting no apparent damage and proceeded. After dark, the HUNTs turned back for Alexandria and Minelayer HMS Manxman (M 70) continued to Malta at high speed.


11/10/42 Operation MBZ.1: Two MTBs sail from Alexandria to rescue an RAF crew in approximately position 32º55'N, 26º15'E. This was successful and both MTBs proceeded to Mersa Matruh, Egypt on completion.


November 10, 1942 Tuesday - November 12, 1942 Wednesday ================ Operation Perpetual ================
The Assault on Bougie, Algeria and Djidjelli, Algeria Note: do not confuse this with 11/10/41 - 11/12/41 Operation Perpetual

Naval Operations
11/10/42 17:00 Slow Assault Convoy from Algiers, Algeria to Bougie, Algeria Monitor: HMS Frederick Roberts Destroyer: ORP Blyskawica (Lightning) (Blyskavica) Minesweeper Trawlers: HMS Hoy, HMS Incholm, and HMS Rysa Merchant Ships: 5
11/10/42 17:17 Escort Aircraft Carrier HMS Argus (D 49) is hit by a bomb during an air raid and only has 7x Supermarine Seafire IIc Fighter left.
11/10/42 18:00 Minesweeper Trawler HMS Mull (T 110) and Landing Ship Gantry/Oiler RFA Dewdale (A151) from Algiers, Algeria delayed refueling ships sails to overtake Slow Assault Convoy
11/10/42 20:00 Fast Assault Convoy sails from Algiers, Algeria for Bougie, Algeria Light Cruiser: HMS Sheffield Anti-aircraft Ship: HMS Tynwald Destroyer: HMS Bramham Sloops: HMS Rother and HMS Spey Minesweepers: HMS Albacore, HMS Algerine, and HMS Cadmus Landing Ship Infantry: HMS Cathay, HMS Karanja, and SS Marnix Van St. Aldegonde
11/10/42 20:00 Djidjelli Fast Assault Convoy sails from Algiers, Algeria for Bougie, Algeria Destroyers: HMS Bicester and HMS Wilton Landing Ship Infantry (L) SS Awatea
11/10/42 Force O sails from Algiers, Algeria for Bougie, Algeria Carrier: HMS Argus Light Cruisers: HMS Charybdis and HMS Scylla Destroyers: HMS Vanoc and HMS Wrestler

Submarine Operations
11/10/42 Submarine U-561 fires four torpedoes at the Escort Aircraft Carrier HMS Argus (D 49), with no result at position 37º03’N, 03º30’E.
11/10/42 Submarine U-565 damage to periscope causes her to return La Spezia, Italy
11/10/42 Anti-Submarine Trawler HMS Lord Nuffield (FY 221) sinks by gunfire Submarine RN Emo at position 36º50'N 02º50'E.


November 11, 1942 Wednesday
Air Operations
11/11/42 dawn Algiers, Algeria Carrier: HMS Avenger with engine defects is ordered to put to sea and to fly off two sorties of four Hurricanes each to reinforce HMS Argus. One of these sorties is unable to locate HMS Argus and returns to HMS Avenger.
11/11/42 07:20 the Naval Commander decides to hoist all craft and anchor closer into the harbor.
11/11/42 08:00 aboard Escort Destroyer HMS Wilton (L 128) Commander Thery meets the Military Commander of Bougie to advise of the upcoming relocation of the landing ships.
11/11/42 12:00 Fighter protection of shipping at Bougie, Algeria ceases. RAF fighters were to have flown to Djidjelli aerodrome before noon on 11/11/42. But when the news of the failure to land at Djidjelli reached Algiers, their departure was delayed until 11/12/42.
11/11/42 13:45 five Savoia-Marchetti SM.79 Sparviero (Sparrowhawk) torpedo bombers attack shipping in Bougie bay. One was shot down, one probably destroyed, and two were damaged. There was no damage to ships.
11/11/42 16:30 SS Awatea finishes unloading RAF personnel, stores, and petrol but carries no motor transport (except a few Bren-gun carriers which were appropriated by the 5th Battalion, The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment)) and the ships with motor transport had not yet been unloaded, the RAF Servicing Commandos have no transport to take their stores, and petrol to the aerodrome.
11/11/42 16:40 an air attack by about 30 Axis Junkers Ju-88 bombers develops and is followed by an attack by Axis Heinkel He-111 torpedo bombers. One Heinkel He-111 torpedo bomber is shot down.
11/11/42 Axis Junkers Ju-88 bombers hit SS Awatea with 4 bombs causing a fire in No. 2 hold and others flooding the engine-room, causing a 40° list.
11/11/42 two bombs hit HMS Frederick Roberts. One of these exploded in the issue room and one on the sloping side armour. Boiler room fans were put out of action and the inner and outer bilges on the port side flooded, but otherwise the ship's fighting efficiency is not impaired.
11/11/42 Landing Ship Infantry (L) HMS Cathay (15,225 tons) is hit by one bomb in the galley, which did not explode, and had some near misses. All the available landing craft were sent over and the majority of the 1,200 soldiers still aboard were landed.
11/11/42 since HMS Cathay was known be carriing depth charges, HMS Karanja and SS Marnix Van St. Aldegonde shifted their anchorage.
11/11/42 SS Marnix Van St. Aldegonde anchors off Cap Aokas outside the anti-submarine patrol area.
11/11/42 23:00 Landing Ship Infantry (L) SS Awatea (13,482 tons) sinks.
11/11/42 23:15 A fire starts in a hold and HMS Cathay is abandoned she burns all night.
11/11/42 20:30 SNO, Lieutenant R. H. H. Webber (RN) (from SS Awatea), who had taken over Beach Master in control of landing craft at the Eastern Boat Slip was asked by the Military Liaison Officer Major Jordan, if the Navy would undertake the transportation of petrol to the aerodrome as there was no army transport available, priority one having been allocated to the 5th Battalion, The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment). Lieutenant Webber then volunteered to take the petrol, stores and RAF Commandos by landing craft at dawn the next day.
11/11/42 Axis Junkers Ju-88 bombers hit SS Awatea with 4 bombs causing a fire in No. 2 hold and others flooding the engine-room, causing a 40° list.
11/11/42 two bombs hit HMS Frederick Roberts. One of these exploded in the issue room and one on the sloping side armor. Boiler room fans were put out of action and the inner and outer bilges on the port side flooded, but otherwise the ship's fighting efficiency is not impaired.
11/11/42 Landing Ship Infantry (L) HMS Cathay (15,225 tons) is hit by one bomb in the galley, which did not explode, and had some near misses. All the available landing craft were sent over and the majority of the 1,200 soldiers still aboard were landed.
11/11/42 a Vickers Wellington bomber from No.172 Squadron RAF attacks and sinks in error Submarine HMS Unbeaten (P 33) in the Bay of Biscay at position 7º00''N, 7º00'W. All hands, 4 officers and 32 crew were lost.

Naval Operations
11/11/42 03:45 Light Cruiser HMS Sheffield (C 24) from Fast Assault Convoy to independently support the assault
11/11/42 04:30 Bougie Fast Assault Convoy arrives Bougie, Algeria Anti-aircraft Ship: HMS Tynwald Destroyer: HMS Bramham Sloops: HMS Rother and HMS Spey Minesweepers: HMS Albacore, HMS Algerine, and HMS Cadmus Landing Ships Infantry: HMS Cathay, HMS Karanja, and SS Marnix Van St. Aldegonde
11/11/42 04:45 the landing ships anchor at their debarkation locations. HMS Karanja's boats are dispatched to ferry HMS Cathay's assault troops ashore.
11/11/42 05:30 assault troops from SS Marnix Van St. Aldegonde make their approach to the Beach D WHITE.
11/11/42 05:47 Bougie Slow Assault Convoy arrives Bougie, Algeria Monitor: HMS Frederick Roberts Destroyer: ORP Blyskawica (Lightning) (Blyskavica) Corvettes: HMS Penstemon and HMS Samphire Minesweeper Trawlers: HMS Hoy, HMS Incholm, and HMS Rysa Merchant Ships: 5
11/11/42 06:00 Minesweeper Trawler HMS Mull (T 110) and Landing Ship Gantry/Oiler RFA Dewdale (A151) from Algiers, Algeria joins Slow Assault Convoy
11/11/42 06:00 Bougie Slow Assault Convoy arrives Bougie, Algeria Monitor: HMS Frederick Roberts Destroyer: ORP Blyskawica (Lightning) (Blyskavica) Corvettes: HMS Penstemon and HMS Samphire Minesweeper Trawlers: HMS Hoy, HMS Incholm, HMS Mull, and HMS Rysa Landing Ship Gantry/Oiler RFA Dewdale (A151) Merchant Ships: 5
11/11/42 from the Bougie Slow Assault Convoy Monitor: HMS Frederick Roberts Corvettes: HMS Penstemon and HMS Samphire stand off Cap Carbon preparing to bombard.
11/11/42 06:00 assault troops from HMS Cathay make their approach to the Beach D WHITE.
11/11/42 06:14 Djidjelli Fast Assault Convoy arrives Bougie, Algeria to join Bougie Fast Assault Convoy Destroyers: HMS Bicester and HMS Wilton Merchant Ships: 1 SNO Commander P. Stubbs (RN) had abandoned the assault on Djidjelli because of the swell, which was causing heavy surf on the beaches.
11/11/42 06:15 the first troops land from Bougie Fast Assault Convoy the 6th Battalion, Royal West Kent Regiment lands in heavy surf at Cap Carbon.
11/11/42 10:00 Landing Ship Infantry: HMS Cathay, HMS Karanja, and SS Marnix Van St. Aldegonde and SS Awatea anchor in Bougie Bay. The transports of the Bougie Slow Assault Convoy anchor soon afterwards.
11/11/42 11:40 Force O sails from Bougie, Algeria for Gibraltar Carrier: HMS Argus Light Cruisers: HMS Charybdis, HMS Scylla, and HMS Sheffield Destroyers: HMS Vanoc and HMS Wrestler
11/11/42 13:05 sails from Bougie, Algeria for Algiers, Algeria Destroyers: HMS Bramham and ORP Blyskawica (Lightning) (Blyskavica)
11/11/42 afternoon Merchant Ships: SS Glenfinlas, SS Stanhill, and SS Urlana enter the harbor. Unloading of personnel from SS Awatea, HMS Cathay HMS Karanja, and SS Marnix Van St. Aldegonde continued from the bay.
11/11/42 16:25 sails from Bougie, Algeria for Algers, Algeria Destroyers: HMS Bicester and HMS Wilton Landing Ship Infantry: SS Awatea.
11/11/42 17:40 arrives Algiers, Algeria Destroyers: HMS Bramham and ORP Blyskawica (Lightning) (Blyskavica) .
11/11/42 sails from Algiers, Algeria to Bougie, Algeria Destroyers: HMS Bramham and ORP Blyskawica (Lightning) (Blyskavica) Landing Ship Infantry: SS Strathnaver.
11/11/42 Light Cruiser HMS Sheffield (C 24) is involved in collision during passage with Minesweeper HMS Cadmus (J 230). HMS Sheffield suffers slight structural damage in her waist and a Stoker rating on the upper deck was killed.

November 12, 1942 Wednesday
Air Operations
11/12/42 02:05 Axis aircraft drop flares over the harbor
11/12/42 05:40 Axis Junkers Ju-88 bombers from low cloud hit by at least two bombs Landing Ship Infantry (L) HMS Karanja (F 128) (9,891 tons). An oil fuel fire immediately broke out and the amidships portion burst into flames. The fire spread very rapidly. Survivors from HMS Cathay and some military personnel lowered the lifeboats without orders. The ship's company of HMS Karanja salvage some Oerlikon guns and ammunition.
11/12/42 08:30 HMS Karanja is abandoned when nothing further could be done. The ship was empty except for some petrol.

Naval Operations
11/12/42 arrives Bougie, Algeria Landing Ship Infantry (L) SS Strathnaver (22,283 tons) (CW) Destroyers: HMS Bramham and ORP Blyskawica (Lightning) (Blyskavica).

Submarine Operations
11/12/42 04:45 Submarine RN Argo sinks Anti-aircraft Ship HMS Tynwald at Bougie, Algeria. Anti-aircraft Ship HMS Tynwald weighed anchor in readiness for the expected dawn air attack. Thirty minutes later, two violent explosions occurred and the ship settled down in seven fathoms of water. The ship was abandoned and boats from HMS Frederick Roberts and Corvette HMS Samphire picked up survivors. The cause of the explosion was not known, but it was belived that at 02:05 the aircraft that dropped flares over the harbour had laid mines.


================ Operation Perpetual ================
November 11, 1942 Wednesday
11/11/42 Amiral de la Flotte Jean Louis Xavier François Darlan surrenders all Vichy French forces in French North Africa to the Allies.
11/11/42 Light Cruiser HMS Aurora (12) (Commander CENTRAL NAVAL TASK FORCE (Oran, Algeria) Commodore Thomas Hope Troubridge (RN) aboard) tours Beach X-RAY and Beach YORKER.
11/11/42 Algiers, Algeria Auxiliary Aircraft Carrier HMS Avenger (D 14) with engine defects, is ordered to put to sea and to fly off two sorties of 4x Hawker Sea Hurricane to reinforce HMS Argus. One of these sorties is unable to locate HMS Argus and returns to HMS Avenger.

Air Operations
11/11/42 twenty-seven Anti-submarine patrols from Gibraltar were carried out. Seven U-boats were sighted and three attacked: results unknown.
11/11/42 6x Swordfish aircraft fly from Gibraltar to Oran, Algeria
11/11/42 a Vickers Wellington bomber from No.172 Squadron RAF attacks and sinks in error Submarine HMS Unbeaten (P 33) in the Bay of Biscay, position 7º00''N, 7º00'W. All hands, 4 officers and 32 crew were lost.

Naval Operations
11/11/42 06:00 Convoy KMS.2 (G) (Slow) divides off Oran, Algeria into Convoy KMS.2 (A) (Slow) (Algiers, Algeria) and Convoy KMS.2 (O) (Slow) (Mer el Kebir Oran, Algeria)
11/11/42 06:00 Convoy KMS.2 (A) (Slow) from Convoy KMS.2 (G) (Slow) for Algiers, Algeria Corvettes: HMCS Louisburg, HMS Coltsfoot, HMS Landguard and HMS Lulworth Sloops: HMS Bideford, HMS Erne, HMS Leith, HMS Rochester, HMS Sandwich, HMS Scarborough Merchant Ships: 42
11/11/42 06:00 Convoy KMS.2 (O) (Slow) from Convoy KMS.2 (G) (Slow) for Mer el Kebir (Oran), Algeria Merchant Ships: 9
11/11/42 07:30 Force Q arrives Gibraltar Heavy Cruisers: HMS Cumberland and HMS Norfolk Destroyers: HMS Onslow, HMS Offa HMS, and Oribi
11/11/42 08:00 Convoy KMF.3 (Fast) sails from the Clyde, Scotland for Algiers, Algeria Corvettes: HMS Aubretia HMS Dianella, HMS Lotus, HMS Poppy, and HMS Starwort Merchant Ships: 18
11/11/42 08:00 Convoy TE.3 from Gibraltar for Algiers, Algeria Corvettes: HMS Aubretia, HMS Dianella, HMS Lotus, HMS Poppy, and HMS Starwort Merchant Ships: 17
11/11/42 14:00 Military Convoy 12 sails from Gibraltar for Oran, Algeria Corvette HMCS Woodstock (K 238) and Transport SS Alpera (1,777 tons) (CW)
11/11/42 16:00 Force Q sails from Gibraltar to the United Kingdom Heavy Cruisers: HMS Cumberland and HMS Norfolk Destroyers: HMS Onslow, HMS Offa HMS, and Oribi Landing Ship Infantry (L) SS Stefan Batory (14,287 tons) (Polish) and Landing Ship Infantry (L) SS Monarch of Bermuda (22,424 tons) (CW)
11/11/42 Convoy KMS.2 (O) (Slow) arrives Mer el Kebir (Oran), Algeria Merchant Ships: 9
11/11/42 Convoy TE.2 arrives Oran, Algeria Minesweeper Trawlers: HMS Jura, HMS Rousay, HMS Ruskholm, and HMS Stronsay Armed Boarding Vessel (Yacht): Charles McIver Boom defence vessel: HMS Bardolf
1111/42 Military Convoy 11 sails for Gibraltar Destroyers: HMS Marne and HMS Venomous Fleet Repair Ship HMS Vindictive Destroyer Depot Ship HMS Hecla (F 20)
11/11/42 sails from Gibraltar to join Convoy KMF.2 (Fast) Destroyers: HMS Verity, HMS Westcott, and HMS Wivern
11/11/42 Destroyer HMS Boadicea (H 65) arrives Gibraltar from Oran Cover Force with 425 survivors from Landing Ship Infantry (L) and SS Viceroy of India (19,627 tons)
11/11/42 Battleship HMS Rodney (29) sails from Gibraltar and joins Force H cruising south of the Balearic Islands, Spain

Submarine Operations
11/11/42 13:08 Submarine U-380 sinks Landing Ship Infantry (L) Nieuw Zeeland (11,069 tons) (Netherlands) 80 miles from Gibraltar at position 35°57'N, 03°58'W.
11/11/42 Submarine U-407 sinks Landing Ship Infantry (L) SS Viceroy of India (19,627 tons) (CW) 34 miles northwest of Oran at position 36°26'N, 00°24'W returning to Gibraltar.
11/11/42 Submarine HMS Unruffled (P 46) returns to Malta from patrol for Operation TORCH.
11/11/42 Submarine HMS Umbra (P 35) was ordered to intercept three Littorio-class Italian battleships, which had left their base at Taranto. HMS Umbra sighted, pursued, and watched with frustration as the Italian battleships turned to starboard and passed the very spot HMS Umbra had just vacated. HMS Umbra persisted, and at 16:19 fired one salvo at the trio from 4,000 yards. Captain Simpson, Captain 10th Submarine Flotilla at Malta, wrote, "For some inexplicable reason, the Captain of HMS Umbra (Lieutenant Maydon) allowed the enemy 29 knots and all torpedoes missed. A P.R.U. (Photographic Reconnaissance Unit) pilot later sighted the battleships and estimated their speed at 15 knots."
11/11/42 Submarine HMS Unruffled (P 46) returns to Malta from patrol for Operation TORCH.
11/11/42 Submarine HMS Ursula (N 59) attacks but misses German U-boat U-73 off Cabo de Gata, Spain at position 36º42'N, 01º46'W.


November 12, 1942 Thursday
11/12/42 Minesweeper HMS Welshman (M 48) sails from Gibraltar to Casablanca, French Morocco Admiral Bernhard Henry Bieri (USN) (on the staff of the Commander-In-Chief the of US Fleet) and five staff Officers aboard.

Air Operations
11/12/42 Anti-submarine escorts from Gibraltar eleven patrols were carried out. Five U-boats were sighted and two were attacked with unknown results.

Naval Operations
11/12/42 00:35 Rescue Tug HMS Salvonia (W 43) sails from Gibraltar to assist Military Convoy 11
11/12/42 02:30 sails from Gibraltar to assist Military Convoy 11 Destroyers: HMS Albrighton and KNM Glaisdale
11/12/42 04:00 Corvette HMCS Prescott (K 161) sails from Gibraltar to assist Military Convoy 11
11/12/42 13:43 sails from Gibraltar for Military Convoy 11 to relive Destroyer HMS Venomous (D 75) Cutters: HMS Landguard and HMS Lulworth
11/12/42 from Gibraltar joins Military Convoy 11 relives Destroyer HMS Venomous (D 75) Cutters: HMS Landguard and HMS Lulworth
11/12/42 from Gibraltar joins Convoy KMS.2 (G) (Slow) Corvettes: HMS Armeria, HMS Cyclamen, HMS Geranium, and HMS Spiraea Minesweeping trawlers: HMS Foula, HMS Hunda, HMS Kintyre, and HMS Westray Fleet Oiler: RFA Abbeydale Transport: SS Empire Ruskin.
11/12/42 Convoy KMF.2 (Fast) arrives Algiers, Algeria Cutter: HMS Banff Sloops: HMS Egret, HMS Fleetwood, HMS Pelican, and HMS Sennen Convoy Escort Vessel (Yacht): HMS Philante Merchant Ships: 18
11/12/42 Convoy KMS.2 (A) (Slow) arrives Algiers, Algeria Corvettes: HMCS Louisburg, HMS Coltsfoot, HMS Landguard and HMS Lulworth Sloops: HMS Bideford, HMS Erne, HMS Leith, HMS Rochester, HMS Sandwich, HMS Scarborough Merchant Ships: 42
11/12/42 Corvette HMS Jonquil (K 68) sails from Convoy KMS.3 (G) (Slow) to Military Convoy 11 to stand by Destroyer HMS Marne (G 35)
11/12/42 Convoy TE.3 divides into Convoy TE.3/1 and Convoy TE.3 (A)
11/12/42 Convoy TE.3 (A) sails from Convoy TE.3 for Algiers, Algeria Corvettes: HMS Aubretia, HMS Dianella, HMS Lotus, HMS Poppy, and HMS Starwort Merchant Ships: 13
11/12/42 Convoy TE.3/1 sails from Convoy TE.3 for Oran, Algeria Merchant Ships: 4
11/12/42 Military Convoy 11 arrives Gibraltar Destroyers: HMS Albrighton and KNM Glaisdale Fleet Repair Ship HMS Vindictive
11/12/42 Military Convoy 13 sails from Algiers, Algeria to Bône, Algeria Destroyers acting as APDs: HMS Lamerton and HMS Wheatland
11/12/42 Military Convoy 13 arrives Bône, Algeria Destroyers acting as APDs: HMS Lamerton and HMS Wheatland
11/12/42 Convoy MKF.1 sails from Algiers, Algeria for Gibraltar Destroyers: HMS Velox, HMS Wishart, and HMS Zetland
11/12/42 sails from Algiers, Algeria for Gibraltar to join Convoy MKF.1 (Y) Carrier: HMS Avenger Destroyers: HMS Brilliant and HMS Wishart
11/12/42 sails from Convoy KMF.2 (Fast) to Gibraltar Destroyers: HMS Verity and HMS Wivern
11/12/42 Corvette HMS Jonquil (K 68) sails from Convoy KMS.3 (G) (Slow) and joins Military Convoy 11 to stand by Destroyer HMS Marne (G 35)
11/12/42 Destroyer HMS Venomous (D 75) from Military Convoy 11 arrives Casablanca, French Morocco delivers 568 survivors from Destroyer Depot Ship HMS Hecla (F 20) crew complment 847 (279 died).
11/12/42 Destroyer HNMS Isaac Sweers (G 83) from Gibraltar joins Force R to refuel and then join Force H

Submarine Operations
11/12/42 03:54 Submarine U-431 sinks Destroyer HMS Martin (G 44) northeast of Algiers, Algeria. HMS Martin has 63 survivors out of her crew of 224 when she sinks at position 37º53'N, 03º57'E.
11/12/42 15:16 Submarine U-593 fires two salvos of torpedoes at Convoy KMS.2 (Slow) only Transport SS Browning (5,332 tons) (CW) is hit and the burning ship is abandoned. Minesweeper Trawler HMS Fluellen (T 157) picks up 61 survivors. SS Browning later explodes and sinks at 35°53’N 00°33’W.
11/12/42 00:15 Submarine U-515 hits Destroyer Depot Ship HMS Hecla (F 20) with one torpedo.
11/12/42 01:28, 01:49, and 02:06 Submarine U-515 hits Destroyer Depot Ship with three coups de grâce torpedoes
11/12/42 02:06 Destroyer Depot Ship HMS Hecla (F 20) sinks west of Gibraltar at 35°43'N, 09°54'W
11/12/42 02:11 While Destroyer HMS Marne (G 35) is picking up suvivors from Destroyer Depot Ship HMS Hecla (F 20). Submarine U-515 torpedoes HMS Marne and causes extensive damage to stern and totally disables her X-mount at position 35º50’N, 9º57’W.
11/12/42 Destroyer HMS Venomous (D 75) takes Destroyer HMS Marne (G 35) in tow but this has to be abandoned when Submarine U-515 closes to make another attack.
11/12/42 Submarine RN Argo sinks Anti-aircraft Ship HMS Tynwald at Bougie, Algeria
11/12/42 Submarine U-77 fires a spread of 3 torpedoes (1 failed to leave it's tube) at Sloop HMS Stork (L 81). A hit is observed near the bridge of HMS Stork. HMS Stork returns to the United Kingdom to finish repairing after making temporary repairs at Gibraltar.
11/12/42 Corvette HMS Lotus (K 130) and Corvette HMS Starwort (K 20) damage Submarine U-660 with depth charges. Submarine U-660 scuttles near Oran, Algeria at position 36º07'N, 01º00'W. Corvette HMS Lotus (K 130) and Corvette HMS Starwort (K 20) are credited for the sinking.
11/12/42 Submarine HMS Taku (N 38) returns to Port Said, Egypt from patrol in the Aegean Sea.
11/12/42 Submarine HMS Utmost (N 19) returns to Malta from her patrol area for Operation TORCH.


11/12/42 Operation MAZ.2: Two MTBs sail from Mersa Matruh, Egypt to patrol off Ras el Mreisa during the night to intercept shipping and small craft proceeding from Bardia and Tobruk.


November 13, 1942 Friday
11/13/42 at Gibraltar ANCXF Admiral Sir Andrew Browne Cunningham hauls down his flag on the Battleship HMS Nelson (28).
11/13/42 Lieutenant-General Dwight David Eisenhower (USA) and Admiral Sir Andrew Browne Cunningham (RN) fly to Algiers, Algeria for negotiations with Amiral de la Flotte Jean Louis Xavier François Darlan.

Naval Operations
11/13/42 Oran Cover Force arrives Gibraltar Carrier: HMS Avenger Light Cruisers: HMS Aurora and HMS Jamaica Destroyers: HMS Clare, HMS Vanoc, and HMS Wishart
11/13/42 Convoy TE.3/1 arrives Oran, Algeria Merchant Ships: 4
11/13/42 Convoy TE.3 (A) arrives Algiers, Algeria Corvettes: HMS Aubretia, HMS Dianella, HMS Lotus, HMS Poppy, and HMS Starwort Merchant Ships: 13
11/13/42 from Military Convoy 11 for Gibraltar Corvette: HMS Jonquil Rescue Tug: HMS Salvonia towing Destroyer HMS Marne (G 35)
* 11/13/42 from Military Convoy 11 arrives Gibraltar Cutters: HMS Landguard and HMS Lulworth
* 11/13/42 Military Convoy 12 arrives Oran, Algeria Corvette HMCS Woodstock (K 238) and Transport SS Alpera (1,777 tons) (CW)
11/13/42 Minesweeper HMS Welshman (M 48) arrives Gibraltar
11/13/42 Force O arrives Gibraltar Carrier: HMS Argus Light Cruisers: HMS Charybdis, HMS Scylla, and HMS Sheffield Destroyers: HMS Vanoc and HMS Wrestler

Submarine Operations
11/13/42 05:00 Submarine U-431 hits Destroyer HNMS Isaac Sweers (G 83) with 2 torpedoes. HNMS Isaac Sweers had just refueled that night with Force R and the first torpedo hits her fuel tank and sets her on fire. The second torpedo hits her officer's quarters and crew compartment killing all 13 officers. HNMS Isaac Sweers has 86 survivors out of her crew of 194 when she sinks at position 37º23’N, 02º12’E.
11/13/42 Sloop HMS Enchantress (L 56) sinks Submarine RN Corallo at position 36º58'N, 05º07'E.
11/13/42 14:31 Submarine HMS Safari (P 211) sank with gunfire Auxiliary Brigantine Bice (269 tons) (Italy) five miles east of Sousse, Tunisia. Only the Captain of the Bice was taken prisoner, the remaining survivors, ten of them, being left in their boat. They gave HMS Safari an enthusiastic send off on her departure. Secret papers, including the weeks Italian aircraft and minor war vessels recognition signals were found on the Captain of the Brigantine.
11/13/42 Submarine HMS Sahib (P 212) sinks Transport SS Scillin (1,903 tons) (Italy) 10 miles north of Cape Milazzo in the Tyrrhenian Sea. SS Scillin was sailing from Tripoli to Sicily transporting about 815 Commonwealth prisoners of war, of which many drowned. HMS Sahib rescued 27 POW's from the water (26 British and one South African) plus the Scillin's captain and 45 Italian crewmembers. Only when the commander of HMS Sahib heard the survivors speaking English, did he realize that he had sunk a ship carrying British POWs and some Italian soldiers. At a subsequent inquiry into this 'friendly fire' tragedy, the commander of HMS Sahib was cleared of any wrongdoing as the SS Scillin was unmarked and at the time he firmly believed that the ship was carrying Italian troops. The Ministry of Defence kept this incident a closely guarded secret for fifty-four years, maintaining that they had died while POW's in Italian camps or simply 'lost at sea'. It was not until 1996, after repeated requests for information from the families of the drowned men that the truth came out.
11/13/42 Submarine HMS United (P 44) returns to Malta from her patrol area for Operation TORCH.
11/13/42 Submarine HMS Una (N 87) returns to Malta from her patrol area for Operation TORCH.
11/13/42 Submarine HHMS Nereus (Y-4) arrived in Beirut, French Mandate of Syria from a long patrol in the Aegean Sea, in spite of several engine defects.


November 14, 1942 Saturday
11/14/42 sunset Gibraltar ANCXF Admiral Sir Andrew Browne Cunningham (RN) transfers his flag from Battleship HMS Nelson (28) to the Light Cruiser HMS Aurora (12).
11/14/42 ANCXF states that 4 ships present in Gibraltar harbor would be ready to sail to USA by 11/17/42, and requested information of NCWNTF when Convoy GUF.1 and Convoy GUF.2 were to sail
11/14/42 Naval Control of Shipping Officer Oran requests to be informed of future movements of convoys in order to adjust sailings from Oran. He reported that all berths at Oran and Mers El Kebir (Oran) were occupied, and requested that no more ships be sent at present.
11/14/42 Force Q redeploys at Gibraltar Light Cruiser HMS Bermuda (52) (Flagship) to carry out attacks on enemy supply ships

Air Operations
11/14/42 Algiers, Algeria a Supermarine Walrus seaplane base is established at the Air France Station and 6x Swordfish are based at Blinda aerodrome for Anti-submarine patrols.
11/14/42 British Lockheed Hudson aircraft C and D (No. 608 Squadron RAF) attack Submarine U-595 with depth charges. U-595 dived but re-surfaced shortly afterwards heavily damaged unable to sty submerged. It was decided to beach the submarine on the Algerian coast when British Lockheed Hudson aircraft F, J, K, X and W (No. 608 Squadron RAF) and attacked the fleeing U-boat. Despite the odds U-595 managed to beach near Ténès, Algeria at position 36º38’N, 00º30’E while damaging aircraft F, K, and X.
11/14/42 British Hudson aircraft No. 233/B RAF sinks Submarine U-605 with depth charges near Algiers, Algeria at position 36º20'N, 01º01'W.
11/14/42 Axis aircraft sink Transport SS Narkunda (16,632 tons) (CW) leaving Bougie, Algeria

Naval Operations
11/14/42 during the night Force H arrives at Gibraltar Carrier: HMS Formidable Battleships: HMS Duke of York Light Cruisers: HMS Argonaut, HMS Bermuda, HMS Charybdis, HMS Scylla, and HMS Sirius Destroyers: HMS Ashanti, HMS Eskimo, HMS Opportune, HMS Partridge, HMS Pathfinder, HMS Penn, HMS Porcupine, and HMS Tartar.
11/14/42 sails from Gibraltar and joins Force H Light Cruisers: HMS Charybdis, and HMS Scylla
11/14/42 sails from Gibraltar to join Convoy MKF.1 (Y) (Fast) Carriers: HMS Argus and HMS Avenger Destroyer: HMS Wrestler
11/14/42 Force Q arrives the United Kingdom Heavy Cruisers: HMS Cumberland and HMS Norfolk Destroyers: HMS Onslow, HMS Offa, and HMS Oribi Landing Ship Infantry (L) SS Stefan Batory (14,287 tons) (Polish) and Landing Ship Infantry (L) SS Monarch of Bermuda (22,424 tons) (CW)
11/14/42 Force Q redeploys at Gibraltar to carry out attacks on enemy supply ships Light Cruiser: HMS Bermuda (Flagship)
11/14/42 Convoy TE.3/1 arrives Oran, Algeria Merchant Ships: 4
11/14/42 sails from Gibraltar for Scapa Flow, Scotland Light Cruiser HMS Jamaica (C 44) and Light Cruiser HMS Sheffield (C 24)
11/14/42 Minesweeper HMS Welshman (M 48) sails from Gibraltar to Algiers, Algeria with stores

Submarine Operations
11/14/42 05:13 Submarine U-73 torpedoes and damages Transport SS Lalande (7,453 tons) (CW) at position 36°08’N, 03°46W.
11/14/42 06:19 Corvette HMS Marigold (K 87) reports SS Lalande is not in immediate danger of sinking. Sloop HMS Aberdeen (L 97), Anti-Submarine Trawler Imperialist (FY 126), and Rescue Tug HMS St. Omar (W 34) sailed to her assistance. Destroyer HMS Pathfinder (G 10) picks up 3 survivors and Corvette HMS Marigold (K 87) picks up 33, two of which were injured.
11/14/42 Submarine U-413 sinks Landing Ship Infantry (L) SS Warwick Castle 200 miles northwest of Cape Espichel, Portugal 39°12'N, 13°25'W
11/14/42 Submarine HMS P48 (P 48) arrives at Malta to join the 10th Submarine Flotilla.
11/14/42 Submarine HMS Unrivalled (P 45) arrives at Malta to join the 10th Submarine Flotilla.


November 15, 1942 Sunday
11/15/42 Commander Force H Vice Admiral Sir Edward Neville Syfret transfers his flag from Battleship HMS Duke of York (17) to Battleship HMS Nelson (28).
11/15/42 FOIC Oran, Algeria is instructed to sail two French merchant ships empty to Gibraltar in Convoy MXF.2 and other French merchant ships in Convoy ET.1 in order to clear berths.
11/15/42 the Admiralty points out the desirability of keeping together escorts accustomed to work together, particularly in view of the present concentration of U Boats on either side of Gibraltar.
11/15/42 00:01 Flag of 10th Cruiser Squadron transferred from Light Cruiser HMS Sheffield (C 24) to Light Cruiser HMS Bermuda (52) at Gibraltar.

Air Operations
11/15/42 09:15 18x Axis aircraft attack Escort Destroyer HMS Bicester (L 34).
11/15/42 while attacking Submarine U-259 a British Lockheed Hudson aircraft (No. 500 Squadron RAF/S) has a depth charge explode on contact with the U-boat. The explosion crippled the aircraft forcing the crew to bail out. The pilot and one crewman were the only ones found and rescued by the Sloops HMS Erne and HMS Leith. U-259 sinks north of Algiers, Algeria at position 37º20'N, 03º05'E.

Naval Operations
11/15/42 18:30 Force R arrives Gibraltar Anti-Submarine Trawlers: HMS Arctic Ranger, HMS St. Nectan, HMS Loch Oskaig Fleet Oilers: RFA Brown Ranger and RFA Dingledale
11/15/42 21:15 sails from Gibraltar for Algiers, Algeria Light Cruiser: HMS Aurora (ANCXF Admiral Sir Andrew Browne Cunningham (RN) aboard) Destroyers: HMS Beagle and HMS Wishart
11/15/42 from Gibraltar rendezvous and transfers aircraft to the Force H Carriers of Rear-Admiral Sir Arthur Lumley St George Lyster and returns to Gibraltar Carrier: HMS Furious Destroyers: HMS Beagle, HMS Vanoc, and HMS Wishart
11/15/42 Convoy TE.3/2 from Algiers, Algeria for Bône, Algeria Merchant Ships: 2
11/15/42 Convoy MKF.1 arrives Gibraltar Destroyers: HMS Velox, HMS Wishart, and HMS Zetland
11/15/42 arrives Gibraltar Sloop HMS Aberdeen (L 97), Sloop HMS Enchantress (L 56), Anti-Submarine Trawler Imperialist (FY 126) and Rescue Tug HMS St. Omar (W 34) towing Transport SS Lalande (7,453 tons) (CW)

Submarine Operations
11/15/42 03:46 Submarine RN Ascianghi sinks Minesweeper HMS Algerine (J 213) off Bougie, Algeria at position 36º45'N, 05º11'E. Of the 32 survivors 24 later died of internal wounds caused by the detonation of the minesweepers own depth charges, which detonated at their preset depth.
11/15/42 Submarine U-155 with one salvo sinks Auxiliary Aircraft Carrier HMS Avenger (D 14), Landing Ship Infantry (L) SS Ettrick (11,279 tons) (CW) and damages Attack Cargo Ship USS Almaack (AKA-10) (9,902 tons) 120 miles northwest of Gibraltar at position 36°15’N, 07°45’W.
11/15/42 Destroyer HMS Wrestler (D 35) sinks Submarine U-98 west of Gibraltar at 36°09'N 07°42'W
11/15/42 Destroyer HMS Petard (G 56) and Destroyer HHMS Vasilissa Olga (Queen Olga) (D 15 aka H 86) sinks Submarine RN Uarsciek at position 35º08'N 14º22'E.
11/15/42 Submarine HMS Umbra (P 35) lands a rail sabotage party in the Gulf of Eufemia area, Italy. Due to considerable barded wire entanglements being met, the party was forced to withdraw.
11/15/42 Submarine HMS Sahib (P 212) while on patrol in the Gulf of Sirte, reports that British prisoners of war were being evacuated from Benghazi to Tripoli in small coastal shipping.


November 16, 1942 Monday
Air Operations
11/16/42 08:00 ANCXF Admiral Sir Andrew Browne Cunningham (RN) arrives Oran, Algeria from Gibraltar.
11/16/42 due to the intense submarine activity off the coast of Casablanca, French Morocco NCWNTF requested 18 Grumman TBF Avenger Torpedo bombers to be allocated to him for Anti-submarine patrols.
11/16/42 a minefield is completed off Casablanca, French Morocco.

Naval Operations
11/16/42 10:00 Force H sails from Gibraltar eastward to carry out a sweep in the vicinity of the Balearic Islands, Spain Battleships: HMS Nelson and HMS Rodney Carriers: HMS Formidable and HMS Furious Light Cruisers: HMS Argonaut, and HMS Sirius Destroyers: HMS Ashanti, HMS Bulldog, HMS Eskimo, HMS Opportune, HMS Partridge, HMS Pathfinder, HMS Penn, HMS Porcupine, HMS Tartar, and HMS Vanoc.
11/16/42 17:30 sails from Gibraltar to join Force H Destroyers: HMS Calpe, HMS Lookout, HMS Meteor, and HMS Puckeridge to relive Force H Destroyers: HMS Bulldog and HMS Opportune.
11/16/42 17:30 sails from Force H to Gibraltar Destroyers: HMS Bulldog and HMS Opportune
11/16/42 late at night Force H arrives at Gibraltar Carrier: HMS Formidable and HMS Furious Battleships: HMS Nelson and HMS Rodney Light Cruisers: HMS Argonaut, and HMS Sirius Destroyers: HMS Ashanti, HMS Calpe, HMS Eskimo, HMS Lookout, HMS Meteor, HMS Partridge, HMS Pathfinder, HMS Penn, HMS Porcupine, HMS Puckeridge, HMS Tartar, and HMS Vanoc.
11/16/42 from Military Convoy 11 arrives Gibraltar Corvette: HMS Jonquil Rescue Tug: HMS Salvonia towing Destroyer HMS Marne (G 35)
11/16/42 Escort Destroyer HMS Cowdray (L 52) towed into Algiers, Algeria for temporary repair.

Submarine Operations
11/16/42 German Auxiliary Submarine Chaser UJ-2102 sinks Submarine HHMS Triton (Y 5) east of Cape Kafireas, Euboia Island in the Aegean Sea.
11/16/42 09:07 Submarine HMS Saracen (P 247) fires three torpedoes at a convoy made up of Tanker Labor (510 tons) (Itialian), Tansport SS Menes (5,609 tons) (German) escorted by Torpedo Boats RN Calliope and RN Climene north of the Gulf of Tunis at position 37º30'N, 10º40'E. All torpedoes fired missed their target(s).
11/16/42 22:50 Submarine HMS Unison (P 43) fires four torpedoes but missed a medium-sized tanker east of Isola Marettimo, Italy at position 37º57'N, 11º56'E.
11/16/42 23:00 Submarine HMS Safari (P 211) torpedoes Transport SS Hans Arp (2,645 tons) (German) at Ras el Ali anchorage which blew up in a sheet of flame; the ship was seen to be still burning twenty four hours later when the anchorage was again closed.
11/16/42 Submarine HMS Rorqual (N 74) arrives at Beirut, French Mandate of Syria from Port Said, Egypt.


11/16/42 - 11/20/42 01:30 Operation STONAGE: Four Fast Merchant ships to Malta ~ Convoy MW.13 from Port Said, Egypt to Malta
11/16/42 Convoy MW.13 sails from Port Said, Egypt for Malta Merchant Ships: 4
11/20/42 01:30 Convoy MW.13 arrives Malta Merchant Ships: 4


November 17, 1942 Tuesday
11/17/42 In view of the improved situation in the Mediterranean, submarines of the 1st Submarine Flotilla discontinued carrying petrol and stores to Malta.

Naval Operations
11/17/42 09:00 Force H sails for Mers El Kebir (Oran), Algeria Battleships: HMS Nelson and HMS Rodney Carriers: HMS Formidable and HMS Furious Light Cruisers: HMS Argonaut and HMS Sirius Destroyers: HMS Ashanti, HMS Eskimo, HMS Lookout, HMS Meteor, HMS Partridge, HMS Pathfinder, HMS Penn, HMS Porcupine, HMS Tartar, and HMS Vanoc.
11/17/42 Convoy WS.23 (A) forms at sea from Convoy WS.23 for Aden, Yemen Armed Merchant Cruiser HMS Carthage (F 99) Merchant Ships: 3
11/17/42 sails from Freetown, Sierra Leone to join Convoy WS.23 (A) Merchant ships: 1
11/17/42 Convoy WS.23 (B) forms at sea from Convoy WS.23 for Bombay, India Merchant Ships: 2
11/17/42 Light Cruiser HMS Mauritius (80) from Kilindini Harbor Mombasa, Kenya joins Convoy WS.23 (B)
11/17/42 Convoy TE.3/2 arrives Bône, Algeria Merchant Ships: 2
11/17/42 Convoy WS.24 arrives Bahia, Brazil Destroyers: HMS Holcombe, HMS Sardonyx, and HMS Skate Armed Merchant Cruiser: HMS Queen of Bermuda Seaplane Tender: USS Barnegat Merchant Ships: 7
11/17/42 Minesweeper HMS Welshman (M 48) sails from Algiers, Algeria to Malta with stores

Submarine Operations
11/17/42 14:16 Submarine HMS Umbra (P 35) torpedoes and damages Transport SS Piemonte (15,209 tons) (Italy) at position 38º21.5'N, 15º27.5'E. She probably sank a 7000 ton Italian passenger ship.
11//17/42 dawn Submarine HMS Safari (P 211) fired one torpedo at a concentration of LCTs and lighters in the vicinity of the Ras el Ali pier, Tunisia. The torpedo exploded at the landing place, where it probably blew up a ammunition lighter.
11/17/42 21:25 Submarine HMS Safari (P 211) torpedoes and sinks a schooner in the southwestern corner of Marsa el Brega, Libia at position 30º25'N, 19º35'E.


November 18, 1942 Wednesday
Naval Operations
11/18/42 06:00 from Force H arrives Gibraltar Destroyers: HMS Bulldog and HMS Opportune.
11/18/42 12:00 Force H arrives at Mers El Kebir (Oran), Algeria Battleships: HMS Nelson and HMS Rodney Carriers: HMS Formidable and HMS Furious Light Cruisers: HMS Argonaut and HMS Sirius Destroyers: HMS Ashanti, HMS Eskimo, HMS Lookout, HMS Meteor, HMS Partridge, HMS Pathfinder, HMS Penn, HMS Porcupine, HMS Tartar, and HMS Vanoc.
11/18/42 14:00 Force C sails westwards from Gibraltar Destroyers: HMS Malcolm, HMS Westcott, and KNM Glaisdale
11/18/42 16:00 Force A sails westwards from Gibraltar Carrier: HMS Victorious (Flagship) Battleship: HMS Duke of York Destroyers: HMS Beagle, HMS Bulldog, and HMS Opportune
11/18/42 16:00 Force B sails westwards from Gibraltar Destroyers: HMAS Quiberon, HMS Milne, HMS Quality, and HMS Quentin
11/18/42 sails from Algiers, Algeria arrives Gibraltar Light Cruiser: HMS Aurora (ANCXF Admiral Sir Andrew Browne Cunningham (RN) aboard) Destroyers: HMS Beagle and HMS Wishart
11/18/42 Minesweeper HMS Welshman (M 48) arrives Malta disembarks stores and sails for Gibraltar

Submarine Operations
11/18/42 Submarine HMS Porpoise (N 14) torpedoes and sinks the Tanker SS Giulio Giordani (10,535 tons) (Italy) about 45nm northeast Misurata, Libya at position 32º58'N, 15º38'E.
11/18/42 07:47 Submarine HMS Safari (P 211) sinks with gunfire a small light vessel with no crew was at position 020 degrees Ras el Ali, Tunisia 10 miles.
11/18/42 10:10 Submarine HMS Safari (P 211) uses gunfire on an enemy LCT at Ras el Ali, Tunisia. HMS Safari silenced one of the LCT guns and caused its ammunition to explode.


November 19, 1942 Thursday
11/19/42 Minesweeper HMS Welshman (M 48) is retained at Malta for an operation to land troops near Sousse, Tunisia.
11/19/42 the Port of Philippeville, Algeria becomes available.

Air Operations
11/19/42 Anti-submarine escorts from Gibraltar Lockheed Hudson aircraft sight two U-boats. One submerged submarine was attacked.

Naval Operations
11/19/42 16:00 Force A, Force B, and Force C rendezvous at position 37º00'N, 10º40'W.
11/19/42 16:00 Force A and Force C combine at position 37º00'N, 10º40'W.
11/19/42 16:00 Force B sails for Gibraltar Destroyers: HMAS Quiberon, HMS Milne, HMS Quality, and HMS Quentin

Submarine Operations
11/19/42 Submarine HMS Porpoise (N 14) misses Auxiliary Patrol Vessel RN Fertilia (F 39) (223 tons) with torpedoes off the Libyan coast.
11/19/42 Submarine HMS Unison (P 43) returns to Malta from her patrol area for Operation TORCH.


November 20, 1942 Friday
Air Operations
11/20/42 durring an air attack while under way off Algiers, Algeria Light Anti-aircraft Cruiser HMS Delhi (D 47) is hit by a bomb on her quarterdeck. It destroys her stern structure her fighting efficiency seriously impaired remains on patrol with reduced speed, capability, and limited steering.
11/20/42 during an air attack while escorting a convoy between Philippeville (now Skikda), Algeria and Bône, Algeria Escort Destroyer HMS Bramham (L 51) sustains damage when a bomb hit aft abreast of the 4in mounting, passed through structure, and exploded in the sea. This flooded an aft compartment and she had to be towed to Algiers, Algeria for temporary repair.

Naval Operations
11/20/42 sails from Gibraltar and joins Convoy KMF.3 Destroyers: HMS Milne, HMS Quality, and HMS Quentin

Submarine Operations
11/20/42 10:12 Submarine U-263 torpedoes and sinks Transport SS Grangepark (5,132 tons) (CW) at position 35°55'N, 10°14'W.
11/20/42 10:12 Submarine U-263 torpedoes and sinks Transport SS Prins Harald (7,244 tons) (Norway) at position 35°55'N, 10°14'W.
11/20/42 10:13 Liberty Ship SS Ocean Pilgrim (7,178 tons) (CW) is attacked by Submarine U-263 but the torpedo explodes in the net defenses.
11/20/42 Submarine HMS Parthian (N 75) arrives at Malta from her patrol area for Operation TORCH.
11/20/42 Submarine HMS Unbending (P 37) arrives at Malta from her patrol area for Operation TORCH.


November 21, 1942 Saturday
Air Operations
11/21/42 10:17 Fairey Albacore Torpedo Bomber 817/1 (from HMS Victorious) depth charges and sinks Submarine U-517 at position 46º10'N, 17º08'W. Destroyer HMS Opportune (G 80) picks up 50 survivors.
11/21/42 Anti-submarine escorts from Gibraltar twenty patrols were carried out, but no U-boats were sighted.

Naval Operations
11/21/42 Force H sails from Mers El Kebir (Oran) Algeria for Gibraltar Battleships: HMS Nelson and HMS Rodney Carriers: HMS Formidable and HMS Furious Light Cruisers: HMS Argonaut and HMS Sirius Destroyers: HMS Ashanti, HMS Eskimo, HMS Lookout, HMS Meteor, HMS Partridge, HMS Pathfinder, HMS Penn, HMS Porcupine, HMS Tartar, and HMS Vanoc.
11/21/42 Force Q sails from Gibraltar for Mers El Kebir (Oran) Algeria Light Cruiser: HMS Bermuda (with 10th Cruiser Squadron aboard) with the intention of forming a Cruiser Striking Force to be based at Algiers, Algeria.
11/21/42 sails from Convoy KMF.3 to Mers El Kebir (Oran), Algeria Destroyers: HMAS Quiberon, HMS Avon Vale, HMS Milne, HMS Quality, and HMS Quentin
11/21/42 Convoy WS.23 (A) arrives Aden, Yemen Merchant Ships: 4
11/21/42 Convoy MKS.2 sails from Algiers, Algeria for Liverpool, England Destroyer: HMS Lancaster Corvettes: HMS Geranium and HMS Spiraea Sloops: HMS Leith, HMS Rochester, HMS Scarborough, and HMS Erne Armed Boarding Vessel (Yacht): HMS Sayonara Merchant Ships: 32

Submarine Operations
11/21/42 18:45 Submarine HMS United (P 44) enters Burat-el-Hsun harbor, Tripoli (Libya) sinks with gunfire a schooner with her 3" gun on which she scored twelve hits.
11/21/42 Submarine HMS Umbra (P 35) returns to Malta from her patrol area for Operation TORCH.


November 22, 1942 Sunday
11/22/42 The North African Agreement (known from its signatories as the "Clark-Darlan Agreement") between the Allies and the French Is unilaterally announced by General Eisenhower as an acceptable understanding with Amiral de la Flotte Jean Louis Xavier François Darlan. The general plan provided for the closest possible co-operation in the effort to expel the Axis forces from North Africa, liberate metropolitan France, and "restore integrally the French Empire."

Naval Operations
11/22/42 04:00 sails from Scapa Flow, Scotland to join Force A and Force C at position 46ºN, 17ºW Destroyers: HMS Matchless and HMS Limbourne.
11/22/42 midnight sails from Force A and Force C at position 55º35'N, 7ºW to Londonderry, Northern Ireland Destroyers: HMS Beagle, HMS Bulldog, HMS Malcolm, HMS Westcott, and KNM Glaisdale.
11/22/42 Force H arrives Gibraltar Battleships: HMS Nelson and HMS Rodney Carriers: HMS Formidable and HMS Furious Light Cruisers: HMS Argonaut and HMS Sirius Destroyers: HMS Ashanti, HMS Eskimo, HMS Lookout, HMS Meteor, HMS Partridge, HMS Pathfinder, HMS Penn, HMS Porcupine, HMS Tartar, and HMS Vanoc.
11/22/42 sails from Force H to Mers El Kebir (Oran), Algeria to join Force Q Light Cruisers: HMS Argonaut and HMS Sirius.
11/22/42 sails from Convoy KMF.3 to Algiers, Algeria Corvette: HMS Azalea Sloops: HMS Folkestone, HMS Wellington, and HMS Weston Cutters: HMS Gorleston and HMS Totland
11/22/42 sails from Convoy KMS.3 (G) (Slow) for Gibraltar Corvettes: HMCS Lunenburg, HMCS Weyburn, HMS Campion, HMS Carnation, HMS La Malouine, HMS Mallow, HMS Nasturtium, and HMS Stonecrop Sloops: HMS Black Swan and HMS Fowey
11/22/42 Anti-aircraft Ship HMS Alynbank sails from Oran, Algeria to join Convoy KMS.3 (G) (Slow)
11/22/42 sails from Force H for Mers El Kebir (Oran), Algeria to join Force Q Light Cruisers: HMS Argonaut and HMS Sirius.

Submarine Operations
11/22/42 11:56 Submarine HMS Safari (P 211) using gunfire scores two hits on an LCT two miles south of Ras el Sultan. After ten minutes, the action was broken off, all ammunition having been expended.


November 23, 1942 Monday
11/23/42 the Admiralty cancels the Sousse, Tunisia operation Minesweeper HMS Welshman (M 48) disembarks army guns, stores, and extra boats and embarks passengers.

Air Operations
11/23/42 Axis torpedo bombers severely damage Transport RMS Scythia (19,761 tons) (CW) 4,300 Personnel at Algiers, Algeria

Naval Operations
11/23/42 11:00 Force A arrives Greenock, Scotland Carrier: HMS Victorious (Flagship) Battleship: HMS Duke of York Destroyers: HMS Limbourne, HMS Matchless, and HMS Opportune.
11/23/42 Convoy KMF.3 (Fast) arrives Oran, Algeria Merchant Ships: 3
11/23/42 Convoy KMF.3 (Fast) arrives Algiers, Algeria Corvettes: HMS Aubretia HMS Dianella, HMS Lotus, HMS Poppy, and HMS Starwort Merchant Ships: 15
11/23/42 Convoy MKF.3 (Fast) sails from Algiers, Algeria for the Clyde, Scotland Merchant Ships: 16
11/23/42 Convoy MKS.2 (A) sails from Algiers, Algeria for Liverpool, England Merchant Ships: 18

Submarine Operations
11/23/42 Submarine HMS Porpoise (N 14) using gunfire sinks Auxiliary Patrol Vessel RN Fertilia (F 39) (223 tons) off the Kerkennah Bank, Tunisia.
11/23/42 Submarine HMS Utmost (N 19) attacks with torpedoes but missed, Auxiliary Minelayer RN Barletta (332 tons) about 40 nm north-west of Capo San Vita, Sicily, Italy at position 38º31'N, 12º01'E.


11/23/42 Operation BREASTPLATE: The capture of Sousse, Tunisia to assist TORCH forces
The Minesweeper HMS Welshman (M 48), had been loaded with army guns, stores, and extra boats, is ordered to disembark this equipment, the operation being abandoned. The unloading of the recent convoy and lack of suitable assault craft caused the Admiralty to cancel the operation.


November 24, 1942 Tuesday
Air Operations
11/24/42 German air attack sinks Transport SS Trentbank (5,060 tons) (CW) off Algiers, Algeria

Naval Operations
11/24/42 Convoy WS.23 (B) arrives Bombay, India Light Cruiser HMS Mauritius (80) Merchant Ships: 2

Submarine Operations
11/24/42 Submarine HMS Porpoise (N 14) returns to Malta from a short patrol in the Khoms - Misurata area.
11/24/40 Submarine HMS Safari (P 211) returns to Malta from her patrol area for Operation TORCH.
11/24/42 Submarine HMS Saracen (P 247) returns to Malta from her patrol area for Operation TORCH.


November 25, 1942 Wednesday
Naval Operations
11/25/42 10:30 Force A sails from Greenock, Scotland for Scapa Flow, Scotland Battleship: HMS Duke of York Destroyers: HMS Limbourne, HMS Matchless, and HMS Opportune.
11/25/42 Force K sails from Alexandra, Egypt to Malta Light Cruisers: HMS Cleopatra, HMS Dido, and HMS Euryalus Destroyers: HHMS Pindos, HMS Belvoir, HMS Hursley, HMS Jervis, HMS Javelin, HMS Kelvin, and HMS Nubian

Submarine Operations
11/25/42 Torpedo Boat RN Groppo sinks with depth charges Submarine HMS Utmost (N 19) northwest of Sicily at position 36º30'N, 12º00'E.
11/25/42 Submarine HMS Thrasher (N 37) sails for Gibraltar and the United Kingdom for refit.
11/25/42 Submarine HMS Sahib (P 212) returned to Malta from her patrol area for Operation TORCH.


November 26, 1942 Thursday
11/26/42 from Gibraltar for Algiers, Algeria Light Cruiser: HMS Aurora (ANCXF Admiral Sir Andrew Browne Cunningham (RN) aboard) Destroyer: HMS Brilliant. ANCXF headquarters is relocating sails to Algiers, Algeria.

Naval Operations
11/26/42 09:30 Force A arrives Scapa Flow, Scotland Battleship: HMS Duke of York Destroyers: HMS Limbourne, HMS Matchless, and HMS Opportune.
11/26/42 from Force K to Alexandra, Egypt Destroyers: HHMS Pindos, HMS Belvoir, and HMS Hursley
11/26/42 Convoy KMS.4G (Slow) sails from the Clyde, Scotland for Gibraltar, Oran, Algiers, and Bône Corvettes: HMCS Alberni, HMCS Baddeck, HMCS Port Arthur, HMCS Summerside, HMCS Ville de Quebec, HMS Crocus, and HMS Woodruff Sloop: HMS Wear Minesweepers: HMS Ardrossan, HMS Dunbar, HMS Lyme Regis (II), and HMS Worthing Merchant Ships: 62
11/26/42 sails from the Clyde, Scotland to join Convoy MKF.3 (Fast) Cutters: HMS Gorleston and HMS Totland Sloops: HMS Folkestone, HMS Waveney, HMS Wellington, and HMS Weston
11/26/42 Convoy KMS.3 (G) (Slow) arrives Bône, Algeria Anti-aircraft Ship: HMS Alynbank Destroyers: HMS Venomous, HMS Verity, and HMS Wivern Corvettes: HMS Coreopsis and HMS Jonquil Sloops: HMS Enchantress and HMS Fleetwood Catapult Aircraft Merchantmen (CAM): SS Eastern City (5,185 tons) (CW) and SS Empire Foam (7,047 tons) (CW) Merchant Ships: 56


11/26/42 - 11/27/42 night Special Operation OXFORD: Submarine HHMS Papanikolis (Y-2) lands a sabotage party of three men at Suia Bay (southern Crete).


November 27, 1942 Friday
Air Operations
11/27/42 while under air attack in Bône harbor (now Annaba), Algeria Destroyer HMS Ithuriel (H 05) sustains two near misses. Both bombs explode under the ship causing major structural damage aft. After being beached and the ship lightened by removal of X and Y mountings it's found her back is broken. 08/18/43 she is towed to Gibraltar 10/43 she becomes an accommodations ship at Gibraltar.

Naval Operations
11/27/42 Force K arrives Malta Light Cruisers: HMS Cleopatra, HMS Dido, and HMS Euryalus Destroyers: HMS Jervis, HMS Javelin, HMS Kelvin, and HMS Nubian
11/27/42 Convoy KMF.4 (Fast) sails from the Clyde, Scotland for Gibraltar, Algiers, Oran, Bône, and Philipeville Destroyers: HMS Clare, HMS Hurricane, and HMS Tanatside Cutter: HMS Banff Sloops: HMS Egret, HMS Exe, and HMS Swale Mine Depot Ship: HMS Helvig Merchant Ships: 26
11/27/42 sails from Gibraltar to join Convoy MKF.3 (Fast) Escort Aircraft Carrier: HMS Archer Destroyer: HMS Lancaster and HMS Wells
11/27/42 while under air attack in Bône harbor (now Annaba), Algeria Destroyer HMS Ithuriel (H 05) sustains two near misses. Both bombs explode under the ship causing major structural damage aft. After being beached and the ship lightened by removal of X and Y mountings it's found her back is broken. 08/18/43 she is towed to Gibraltar 10/43 she becomes an accommodations ship at Gibraltar.
11/27/42 Minesweeper HMS Welshman (M 48) embarks passengers and sails from Malta for Alexandra, Egypt.

Submarine Operations
11/27/42 Submarine HMS Una (N 87) missed with two torpedoes Transport Menes (5,609 tons) (Germany) at position 37º34'N, 10º33'E.
11/27/42 Submarine HMS Una (N 87) was narrowly missed by torpedoes from an E boat when the vicinity of Port Empedocle, Sicily.


November 28, 1942 Saturday
Air Operations
11/28/42 Anti-submarine escorts from Gibraltar No patrols due to bad weather

Naval Operations
11/28/42 Convoy TE.7 sails from Gibraltar for Bône, Algeria Merchant Ships: 4
11/28/42 Destroyers HMAS Quiberon (G 81) and HMS Quentin (G 78) (from Force Q operating out of Bône, Algeria) sink Submarine RN Dessiè north of Bône, Algeria.

Submarine Operations
11/28/42 Submarine HMS Unruffled (P 46) returns to Malta from a patrol in the Gulf of Sirte, Libya.
11/28/42 Submarine HMS Thunderbolt (N 25) arrives at Malta to join the 10th Submarine Flotilla for Special Operations. She had sailed from the United Kingdom direct to Malta, making the passage in eighteen days.
11/28/42 Submarine HHMS Triton (Y-5) did not return from a patrol in the Aegean Sea. Axis broadcasts claimed her by name and her crew as prisoners. Evidence shows she was forced to the surface by depth charges in the Doro Channel after attacking an escorted convoy. She was then rammed and sunk. A large number of her crew were taken prisoner and taken to Piraeus, Greece. Two ratings managed to escape and after some months finally reached Egypt via Turkey and Syria.


November 29, 1942 Sunday
11/29/42 The Greek Commander in Chief agrees to take over Submarine HMS P 712 (ex RN Perla) (P 712) and to undertake the work of reconditioning her.
11/29/42 Algiers, Algeria Flag of 10th Cruiser Squadron was transferred from Light Cruiser HMS Bermuda (52) to Light Cruiser HMS Aurora (12)

Naval Operations
11/29/42 Convoy TE.7 (B) sails from Gibraltar for Algiers, Algeria Minesweepers: HMS Hussar, HMS Rhyl, and HMS Speedwell Landing Ship Tanks: HMS Bachaquero and HMS Tasajera Tugs: HM Empire Gnome and HM Empire Minotaur
11/29/42 Light Cruiser HMS Bermuda (52) sails from Algiers, Algeria for Gibraltar.
11/29/42 Minesweeper HMS Dunbar (J 53) and Transport SS Kaimata (5,269 tons) (CW) sails from Convoy KMS.4G (Slow) for Gibraltar
11/29/42 Minesweeper HMS Welshman (M 48) arrives at Alexandra, Egypt disembarks passengers and sails for Haifa, Palestine Mandate

Submarine Operations
11/29/42 Submarine HMS Uproar (P 31) attacks but misses the Light Cruiser RN Raimondo Montecuccoli about 70 nautical miles south of Taranto, Italy at position 39º20'N, 17º33'E.


November 30, 1942 Monday
Air Operations
11/30/42 Anti-submarine escorts from Gibraltar were provided for Convoys MKS.2, Convoy TE.7 (A), and Convoy TE.7 (B).
11/30/42 No. 821 Squadron FAA (twelve Albacores) moves from the Western Desert to Malta. No aircraft were lost during passage.

Naval Operations
* 11/30/42 Convoy TE.7 (B) arrives Algiers, Algeria Minesweepers: HMS Hussar, HMS Rhyl, and HMS Speedwell Landing Ship Tanks: HMS Bachaquero and HMS Tasajera Tugs: HM Empire Gnome and HM Empire Minotaur
11/30/42 from Gibraltar joins Convoy KMF.4 (Fast) Destroyers: HMS Avon Vale and HMS Farndale
11/30/42 Minesweeper HMS Welshman (M 48) arrives Haifa, Palestine Mandate embarks submarine torpedoes and sails for Malta.

Submarine Operations
11/30/42
1st Submarine Flotilla
Submarine HMS Taku (N 38) At Beirut, French Mandate of Syria
Submarine HMS Turbulent (N 98) On passage from patrol for Beirut, French Mandate of Syria
Submarine HMS Traveller (N 48) Patrol - Gulf of Taranto
Submarine HMS Parthian (N 75) At Malta
Submarine HMS Porpoise (N 14) At Malta
Submarine HMS Rorqual (N 74) On passage, Beirut, French Mandate of Syria to Malta
Submarine HMS Osiris (N 67) Refitting at Port Said
10th Submarine Flotilla
Submarine HMS Una (N 87) returns to Malta from patrol in the Gulf of Tunis.
Submarine HMS United (P 44) returns to Malta from a patrol off Burat-el-Hsun, Tripoli (Libya), and Kerkennah areas.
Submarine HMS Thunderbolt (N 25) at Malta
Submarine HMS P311 (P 311) arrives Malta to join the 10th Submarine Flotilla. She had sailed from the United Kingdom direct and reported passage uneventful.
Submarine HMS Unruffled (P 46) at Malta
Submarine HMS Sahib (P 212) At Malta
Submarine HMS Saracen (P 247) at Malta
Submarine HMS Unbroken (P 42) On patrol south of Marittimo
Submarine HMS Trooper (N 91) On passage, Gibraltar to Malta
Submarine HMS Unbending (P 37) On passage west of line Cape Bon - Marittimo
Submarine HMS P48 (P 48) On passage west of line Cape Bon - Marittimo
Submarine HMS Unrivalled (P 45) On passage west of line Cape Bon - Marittimo
Greek Submarines
Submarine HHMS Papanikolis (Y-2) on patrol Aegean
Submarine HHMS Nereus (Y-4) Beirut, French Mandate of Syria
Submarine HHMS Katsonis (Y-1) Port Said, refitting
Submarine HMS P 712 (ex RN Perla) (P 712) Refitting at Port Said.


11/30/42 12:00 - 12/05/42 Operation PORTCULLIS: Four Fast Merchant ships to Malta ~ Convoy MW.14 from Alexandra, Egypt to Malta
11/30/42 12:00 arrives Lake Timsah, Egypt Merchant Ships: SS Agwimonte, SS Alcoa Prospector, SS Glenartney, and SS Suffolk
11/30/42 The Senior Officer of HMS Orion is flown from Alexandria, Egypt to Lake Timsah, Egypt to conduct the convoy conference.
11/30/42 sails from Alexandria, Egypt to Port Said, Egypt to await the arrival of Convoy MW.14 Destroyers: HHMS Vasilissa Olga, HMS Belvoir, HMS Hursley, HMS Pakenham, and HMS Petard.





Extraneous -> RE: For the Purists September 9. 1939 (12/9/2012 8:24:02 PM)

Naval Information
Awards for Britain's Navy: http://www.britainsnavy.co.uk/Battle%20Honours/North%20Africa%201942-43.htm

British Escort Aircraft Carriers: http://www.royalnavyresearcharchive.org.uk/escort/index.htm
British Officers: http://www.unithistories.com/
British Submarines: http://home.cogeco.ca/~gchalcraft/sm/index.htm
British Submarines: 10th Submarine Flotilla http://www.killifish.f9.co.uk/Malta%20WWII/Submarines.htm
Destriyer History Foundation (USA) http://destroyerhistory.org/
French Oran Fleet: http://homepage.ntlworld.com/andrew.etherington/1942/11/08.htm
Halcyon Class Minesweepers (Speedwell): http://www.halcyon-class.co.uk/speedwell/speedwell_1942.htm
Harbour Defence Motor Launch (HDML): http://www.hmsmedusa.org.uk/index.html
Hyperwar: Vichy French Navy: http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/ETO/Ultra/SRH-BA-Appendix/Appendix-17.html
Hyperwar: WAR AT SEA 1939-1945 VOLUME II THE PERIOD OF BALANCE http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/UN/UK/UK-RN-II/index.html#index
Hyperwar: THE AFRICAN CAMPAIGNS 1st August - 31st December, 1942 http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/UN/UK/UK-RN-II/UK-RN-II-13.html
Hyperwar: Appendix H Torch Composition of Allied Naval Forces http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/UN/UK/UK-RN-II/UK-RN-II-H.html
Hyperwar: Creation of Allied Force http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/rep/TORCH/DDE-Torch.html
Hyperwar: The End of Operation TORCH: Bougie, Djidjelli, and Bône http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-MTO-NWA/USA-MTO-NWA-15.html
Italian Naval Federations in WW2 (Multilingual) http://www.multilingualarchive.com/ma/dewiki/en/Italienische_Marineverb%c3%a4nde_im_Zweiten_Weltkrieg
Naval Source http://www.navsource.org/
Naval History Net BRITISH and OTHER NAVIES DAY-BY-DAY http://www.naval-history.net/xDKWW2-3900Intro.htm
Naval History Net BRITISH and OTHER NAVIES DAY-BY-DAY NAVAL EVENTS, APRIL-DECEMBER 1942 http://www.naval-history.net/xDKWW2-4204-44APR-DEC.htm
Naval History Net ADMIRALTY WAR DIARIES: NORTH ATLANTIC COMMAND, GIBRALTAR - August to December 1942 http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKWD-NAtGib1942b.htm
Naval History Net ADMIRALTY WAR DIARIES: MEDITERRANEAN FLEET - October to December 1942 http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKWD-MedFleet1942c.htm
Naval History Net ADMIRALTY WAR DIARIES: MALTA COMMAND - April to December 1942 http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKWD-Malta1942a.htm
Naval History Net ADMIRALTY WAR DIARIES: WEST AFRICA COMMAND, FREETOWN - April to December 1942 http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKWD-WAfrica1942.htm
Naval History Net Service Histories by Name, Type, and Class http://wow.naval-history.net/xGM-aContents.htm
Naval History Net FLOWER-CLASS CORVETTES PART 1: Abelia to Azalea http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKEscorts20Cor-Flower01.htm
Naval History Net FLOWER-CLASS CORVETTES PART 2: Balsam to Campion http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKEscorts20Cor-Flower02.htm
Naval History Net FLOWER-CLASS CORVETTES PART 3: Candytuft to Cyclamen http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKEscorts20Cor-Flower03.htm
Naval History Net FLOWER-CLASS CORVETTES PART 4: Dahlia to Gentian http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKEscorts20Cor-Flower04.htm
Naval History Net FLOWER-CLASS CORVETTES PART 5: Geranium to Hibiscus http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKEscorts20Cor-Flower05.htm
Naval History Net FLOWER-CLASS CORVETTES PART 6: Hollyhock to Lavender http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKEscorts20Cor-Flower06.htm
Naval History Net FLOWER-CLASS CORVETTES PART 7: Loosestrife to Myosotis http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKEscorts20Cor-Flower07.htm
Naval History Net FLOWER-CLASS CORVETTES PART 8: Narcissus to Potentilla http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKEscorts20Cor-Flower08.htm
Naval History Net FLOWER-CLASS CORVETTES PART 9: Primrose to Stonecrop http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKEscorts20Cor-Flower09.htm
Naval History Net FLOWER-CLASS CORVETTES PART 10: Sunflower to Royal Indian Navy - Hyderabad http://wow.naval-history.net/xDKEscorts20Cor-Flower10.htm
The Patriot Files http://www.patriotfiles.com/index.php?name=Sections
Navweps OOB Casablanca: http://www.navweaps.com/index_oob/OOB_WWII_Mediterranean/OOB_WWII_Casablanca.htm
Navships WW2 Cruisers http://www.world-war.co.uk/index.php3
Netherlands Navy: http://www.netherlandsnavy.nl/
Netherlands Submarines: http://www.dutchsubmarines.com/index.htm
Polish Navy: http://www.polishnavy.pl/index.html
Royal Canadian Navy: http://cnrs-scrn.org/northern_mariner/vol03/tnm_3_4_1-17.pdf
Royal Navy Research Archive: Royal Navy Escort Carriers http://www.royalnavyresearcharchive.org.uk/escort/index.htm
Corvette HMS Violet http://www.platenboring.com/violet/
Sloop HMS Stork: http://www.secondworldwar.org.uk/stork.html
Trawlers - HULL STEAM/SIDEWINDER INDEX: http://hulltrawler.net/Sidewinder.html
U-boat Net http://uboat.net/
US Ships Transferred to Britain http://www.navweaps.com/index_tech/tech-072.htm
World Naval Ships Forums: Palomares & Pozarica http://www.worldnavalships.com/forums/showthread.php?t=8896
WORLD NAVIES YESTERDAY http://www.navypedia.org/retro_view/yesterday_index.htm
The South African Military History Society http://samilitaryhistory.org/vol013hk.html
 
Merchant and Convoy Information
Siri Holm Lawson Warsailors.com http://www.warsailors.com/convoys/index.html
Arnold Hague Convoy Database http://www.convoyweb.org.uk/hague/index.html
Liberty Ships: http://www.usmm.org/libertyships.html
Ocean class Liberty Ships: http://fortships.tripod.com/oceans.htm
Belgian Merchant Ships http://www.belgian-navy.be/t3636-un-bateau-nomme-sambre
Clydebuilt Database: http://clydesite.co.uk/clydebuilt/viewship.asp?id=9961
The Blue Star Line: http://www.bluestarline.org/lamports/browning3.html
The Silver Line: http://oceania.pbworks.com/w/page/8473543/UK_Silver-Line
The Ships List: http://www.theshipslist.com/ships/lines/​saint.htm
The Duchess of Bedford: http://www.duchessofbedford.com/ssdob/
Amazon Dot Com: http://www.amazon.com/If-Perish-Frontline-Nurses-World/dp/product-description/0375415149
History of the Atlantic Cable & Undersea Communications: http://atlantic-cable.com/Cableships/Mirror(2)/index.htm
Naval Armed Guard Afloat http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USN/Admin-Hist/173-ArmedGuards/173-AG-6.html
Blue Flue losses WW2 http://www.shipsnostalgia.com/showthread.php?t=36027
United States Maritime Commission C1 and C1-M Type Ships http://www.usmm.org/c1ships.html
Outboard Profiles of Maritime Commission  VesselsThe C2 Cargo Ship and his Subdesigns http://drawings.usmaritimecommission.de/drawings_c2.htm
Pier 70 San Francisco ~ Ships Built in San Francisco: Pre-World War II http://www.pier70sf.org/history/shipsBuilt/ShipsBuiltpreWW2.html
http://www.convoyweb.org.uk/oskms/search.php?searWords=on&Send=Search&match=2&search=0&items=10&start=50
 
Air unit Information
Fleet Air Arm: http://www.fleetairarmarchive.net/Ships/Aircraftcarrierindex.html
Operation Torch Aircraft: http://uncleted.jinak.cz/utorch.htm
52nd Fighter Group http://raf-112-squadron.org/52nd_fg.html
U.S. Navy Squadron Designations and Abbreviations http://www.history.navy.mil/branches/squades.htm
Martlesham Heath Aviation Society http://www.mhas.org.uk/MHAS/runway22/200609.pdf
 
Army unit Information
General’s names: http://www.generals.dk/
North African Landing Beaches:  http://www.history.army.mil/brochures/algeria/algeria.htm
Hyperwar: WESTERN NAVAL TASK FORCE: Northern Attack Group: Operation Goalpost (Port-Lyautey, French Morocco) http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-MTO-NWA/USA-MTO-NWA-8.html
Hyperwar: WESTERN NAVAL TASK FORCE: Center Attack Group: Operation Brushwood (Fedala, French Morocco) http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-MTO-NWA/USA-MTO-NWA-7.html
Hyperwar: WESTERN NAVAL TASK FORCE: Southern Attack Group: Operation Blackstone (Safi, French Morocco) http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-MTO-NWA/USA-MTO-NWA-6.html
Hyperwar: CENTRAL NAVAL TASK FORCE: Oran landings http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-MTO-NWA/USA-MTO-NWA-11.html
Hyperwar: EASTERN NAVAL TASK FORCE: Algiers landings http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-MTO-NWA/USA-MTO-NWA-13.html
Hyperwar: 1st Infantry Division (USA) boat employment http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/rep/TORCH/1InfDiv_FO-1/index.html
Gibraltar Command 1942 http://74.6.238.254/search/srpcache?ei=UTF-8&p=Gibraltar+1942&xa=mg.dLHibBSWUPXf7rPMLWA--%2C1321111203&fr=yfp-t-471&u=http://cc.bingj.com/cache.aspx?q=Gibraltar+1942&d=4532668314747426&mkt=en-US&setlang=en-US&w=352e3f24,55c6b5f6&icp=1&.intl=us&sig=uzvTTAG0G8y4KoULH_TJoA--
Malta http://warships1discussionboards.yuku.com/topic/17700/Looking-for-OOB-on-British-Army-1940-43?page=2
 
Maps
Hyperwar: Map 32. Operation TORCH - Outward movements of assault and advance convoys http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/UN/UK/UK-RN-II/maps/map32.jpg
Hyperwar: Map 34. Operation TORCH - The Assault on Algiers http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/UN/UK/UK-RN-II/maps/map34.jpg
Hyperwar: Map 35. Operation TORCH - The Assault on Oran http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/UN/UK/UK-RN-II/maps/map35.jpg
 
Operations
Axis and Allied Operations http://ww2db.com/ref.php?q=
Operation Crupper http://www.gravitazero.org/history/ardeola/ardeola_en.htm
Operation Jubilee (Dieppe): http://www.historyofwar.org/articles/battles_dieppe1.html
Operation Pedestal (Malta):  http://www.world-war.co.uk/pedestal1.php3
Operation Pedestal (Malta): http://www.killifish.f9.co.uk/Malta%20WWII/Pedestal.htm
Operation Pedestal Assault on Bougie and Djidjelli: World Naval ships Forum http://www.worldnavalships.com/forums/showthread.php?t=862
Operation Train: http://www.killifish.f9.co.uk/Malta%20WWII/Operations.htm
Operation Torch Japanese Site needs character font and translation: http://www.wikiled.com/japaneseromajikanji-english-Default.aspx
Operation Torch Japanese Site needs character font and translation: http http://read2ch.com/r/army/1268410478/
 
Miscellaneous
Wreck Site EU http://www.wrecksite.eu
Translations: http://dictionary.reverso.net/italian-english/
British Abbreviations and Slang http://www.acesofww2.com/abbreviations.htm
U.S. Navy Abbreviations and Symbols http://www.history.navy.mil/danfs/abbreviations.htm
U.S. Navy Abbreviations of World War II http://asisbiz.com/Il2/US-Navy-Naval-Abbreviations.html
U.S. Army Glossary of Code Names http://www.history.army.mil/books/wwii/SP1941-42/gloss2.htm
 
December 1942 Operation Torch (ex Operation Gymnast)
Commanding General European Theater of Operations, Commander in Chief Operation TORCH - Lieutenant-General Dwight David (Ike) Eisenhower (USA)
Allied Naval Commander Expeditionary Force (A.N.C.X.F.) Admiral Sir Andrew Browne "ABC" Cunningham KT, GCB, DSO and 2 Bars (RN)
 
ANCXF - Allied Naval Commander Expeditionary Force ~ Admiral Sir Andrew Browne "ABC" Cunningham KT, GCB, DSO and 2 Bars (RN)
AOC Eastern Air Command - Air Officer Commanding Eastern Air Command ~ Air Marshal Sir William Lawrie Welsh KCB, DSC, AFC (RAF)
FOIC - Fleet Officer in Charge ~ British naval officer in charge of a port
NCWNTF - Naval Commander Western Naval Task Force ~ Rear-Admiral Henry Kent Hewitt (USN)
 
Bône, Algeria is now known as Annaba, Algeria
* - No actual dates or time found for the ship{s) joining but multiple confirmations that they were in this group at this approximate time.
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(Continued from: 11/30/42 12:00 - 12/05/42 Operation PORTCULLIS:)
11/30/42 12:00 - 12/05/42 Operation PORTCULLIS: Four Fast Merchant ships to Malta ~ Convoy MW.14 from Alexandra, Egypt to Malta
12/02/42 14:30 Convoy MW.14 from Port Said, Egypt Destroyers: HHMS Vasilissa Olga, HMS Belvoir, HMS Hursley, HMS Pakenham, and HMS Petard Merchant Ships: SS Agwimonte, SS Alcoa Prospector, and SS Glenartney
12/02/42 18:00 Escort Destroyer HMS Hurworth (L 28) sails from Convoy MW.14 to Alexandria, Egypt with defects.
12/02/42 18:30 Minesweeper HMS Welshman (M 48) embarks service personnel from Alexandra, Egypt and sails to overtake Convoy MW.14.
12/02/42 22:30 Destroyer HMS Petard (G 56) picks up six occupants of an RAF dinghy.
12/02/42 sails from Alexandria, Egypt and joins Convoy MW.14 Light Cruiser: HMS Orion Destroyers: HHMS Pindos, HMS Aldenham, HMS Dulverton, HMS Exmoor, HMS Hurworth, and HMS Paladin
12/02/42 Vice Admiral Malta reports that furnace fuel is urgently required, it is decided that a tanker shortly due at Benghazi, Libya would be included in Convoy MW.14. Originally it had been intended to send the tanker in a separate convoy to Malta.
12/02/42 Convoy MW.14 from Alexandria, Egypt to Malta Light Cruiser: HMS Orion Destroyers: HHMS Pindos, HHMS Vasilissa Olga, HMS Aldenham, HMS Belvoir, HMS Dulverton, HMS Exmoor, HMS Hursley, HMS Paladin, HMS Pakenham, and HMS Petard Merchant Ships: SS Agwimonte, SS Alcoa Prospector, and SS Glenartney
 
12/03/42 17:00 Escort Destroyer HMS Croome (L 62), Escort Destroyer HMS Tetcott (L 99), and Tanker SS Yorba Linda (6,900 tons) (Panama) joins Convoy MW.14 northeast of Benghazi, Libya.
12/03/42 19:00 Force K sails from Malta to join Convoy MW.14 Light Anti-aircraft Cruisers: HMS Cleopatra, HMS Dido, and HMS Euryalus Destroyers: HMS Jervis, HMS Kelvin, and HMS Nubian
12/03/42 Minesweeper HMS Welshman (M 48) joins Convoy MW.14 durring daylight and at night proceedes ahead at high speed to Malta.
12/03/42 - 12/04/42 Force K provides close cover during both nights for Convoy MW.14 Light Cruisers: HMS Cleopatra, HMS Dido, and HMS Euryalus Destroyers: HMS Jervis, HMS Kelvin, and HMS Nubian
 
12/05/42 Convoy MW.14 arrives at Malta Light Cruisers: HMS Cleopatra, HMS Dido, HMS Euryalus, and HMS Orion Destroyers: HHMS Pindos, HHMS Vasilissa Olga, HMS Aldenham, HMS Belvoir, HMS Croome, HMS Dulverton, HMS Exmoor, HMS Hursley, HMS Jervis, HMS Kelvin, HMS Nubian, HMS Paladin, and HMS Tetcott
12/05/42 Destroyer HMS Paladin (G 69) and Minesweeper HMS Welshman (M 48) sail from Malta for Alexandra, Egypt.
 
 
DECEMBER 1942
December 1, 1942 Tuesday
Air Operations
12/01/42 11:09 aircraft from Gibraltar sight a Submarine at position 38º27'N, 09º50'W.
 
Naval Operations
12/01/42 Force Q sails from Mers El Kebir (Oran), Algeria to Bône, Algeria Light Cruisers: HMS Argonaut, HMS Aurora (Flagship), and HMS Sirius Destroyers: HMAS Quiberon and HMS Quentin.
12/01/42 Convoy UGS.2 arrives Casablanca, Morocco Minelayers: USS Keokuk, USS Salem, and USS Weehawken Merchant Ships: 40
12/01/42 Destroyer HMS Quentin (G 78) sails from Gibraltar and joins Force Q
12/01/42 Destroyer HMAS Quickmatch (G 92) and Destroyer HMS Redoubt (H 41) sail from Greenock, Scotland to join Convoy KMF.4 (Fast)
12/01/42 Minesweeper HMS Welshman (M 48) arrives Malta disembarks submarine torpedoes and sails for Alexandra, Egypt.
12/01/42 Hospital Ship HMHS Newfoundland sails from Gibraltar for Algiers, Algeria
 
Submarine Operations
12/01/42 17:05 Submarine U-375 torpedoes and severely damages Fast Cruiser Minelayer HMS Manxman (M 70) at position 36º39'N, 00º15'E. HMS Manxman was struck in the port side causing flooding of Engine and Gearing Rooms, which disabled ship and caused 12-degree list. Destroyer HMS Eskimo (F 75) Escort Destroyer HMS Pathfinder (G 10) takes HMS Manxman in tow until Rescue Tug HMS Restive (W 39) arrived to take over the tow.
12/01/42 Submarine HMS Ursula (N 59) sinks Auxiliary Submarine Chaser RN Togo (V 135) (108 tons) with scuttling charges 15 miles south of Cape Mele, Corsica.
 
 
12/01/42 17:05 - 12/03/42 06:40 The Battle of the Skerki Banks
12/01/42 17:05 Force Q sails from Bône, Algeria to intercept Axis Convoy H Light Cruisers: HMS Argonaut, HMS Aurora (Flagship), and HMS Sirius Destroyers: HMAS Quiberon and HMS Quentin
12/01/42 Axis Convoy H sails from Palermo, Italy for Bizerte, Tunisia Destroyers: RN Camicia Nera, RN Folgore, and RN Nicoloso da Recco (Flagship) Torpedo Boats: RN Procione and RN Clio Merchant Ships: Transport Aspromonte (976 tons) (Italian), Transport Aventino (3,794 tons) (Italian), Transport KT-1 (850 tons) (German), and Transport Puccini (2,422 tons) (Italian).
12/02/42 proceeding at high speed Force Q engages Axis Convoy H at night. Destroyer RN Folgore sinks at position 37º40'N, 11º38'E Merchant Ships: Aspromonte sinks at position 37º43'N, 11º15'E, Aventino sinks at position 37º40'N, 11º00'E, KT-1 sinks at position 37°40'N, 11°5'E, and Puccini sinks at position 37º40'N, 11º10'E. Destroyers RN Nicoloso da Recco and RN Camicia Nera are severely damaged. Force Q suffers no damage.
12/02/42 08:45 Torpedo Boat RN Procione arrives Tunisia
12/02/42 22:00 Torpedo Boat RN Clio arrives Trapani, Sicily
12/03/42 Force Q returning to Bône, Algeria is 50 miles 048° from Cap de Guarde, Algeria when they come under air attack, first from German torpedo bombers from Kampfgeschwader 26 "Löwengeschwader (Lion Tamers)" (KG 26), then by a formation of 13 Junkers Ju-88s.
12/03/42 06:36 Destroyer HMS Quentin (G 78) is severally damaged by a hit in the side by a 500-kg bomb. HMAS Quiberon is damaged with near misses while she rescues HMS Quentin's crew.

12/03/42 06:40 HMS Quentin sinks with the loss of 10 of her crew at position 37º40'N, 08º55'E.
 
 
December 2, 1942 Wednesday
Air Operations
12/02/42 British Lockheed Hudson bombers from No. 500 Squadron RAF sink Submarine RN Dessie off Bône, Algeria at position 37°48'N, 02°14'E.
 
Naval Operations
12/02/42 Destroyer HMS Eskimo (F 75) joins Force Q at Mers El Kebir (Oran), Algeria.
12/02/42 Escort Destroyer HMS Croome (L 62) and Escort Destroyer HMS Tetcott (L 99) sail from Malta for Benghazi, Libya
12/02/42 Minesweeper HMS Welshman (M 48) arrives Alexandra, Egypt and embarks service personnel.
12/02/42 Rescue Tug HMS Restive tows Cruiser-minelayer HMS Manxman (M 70) to Mers El Kebir (Oran), Algeria
 
Submarine Operations
12/02/42 19:30 Submarine HMS Umbra (P 35) sinks by gunfire the over forty year old Transport Sacro Cuore (1100 tons) (Italian), sailing from Tripoli, Libya to Italy at position 35º28N, 11º20E. Some Luftwaffe personnel and a few soldiers were on board. HMS Umbra took nine German Air Force personnel and one soldier prisoner the remainders were able to reach shore on their own. Submarine HMS Umbra (P 35) returned to Malta to land her prisoners 12/04/42 HMS Umbra sails to resume her patrol twenty-four hours later.
 
 
12/02/42 - 12/04/42 Convoy "C" from Naples, Italy to Tripoli, Libya  
Italian Convoy "C"
Torpedo Boat RN Ardito
Torpedo Boat RN Arethusa
Torpedo Boat RN Lupo
Torpedo Boat RN Sagittario
Tanker Devoli (ex Perun, Yugoslavia) (4500 tons) (Italy)
Transport Chisone (6168i tons) (Italy)
Transport Veloce (5464 tons) (Italy)
12/02/42 Italian Convoy "C" sails from from Naples, Italy Torpedo Boats: RN Ardito, RN Arethusa, RN Lupo, and RN Sagittario Merchant ships: 3
12/02/42 14:00 Force K Destroyers sail from Malta to intercept Convoy "C" Destroyer Flotilla Leader: HMS Jervis Destroyers: HMS Javelin, HMS Nubian, and HMS Kelvin.
12/02/42 21:00 4x Fairey Albacore torpedo Bombers from No. 821 and No. 828 FAA squadrons attack the convoy south of the Kerkennah shoals and sinks Transport Veloce (Italian).
12/03/42 shortly after 00:01 Force K destroyers arrive and sinks Torpedo Boat RN Lupo, which was engaged in picking up survivors from Veloce which had just been sunk.
12/03/42 00:47 Torpedo Boat RN Lupo sinks at position 34°34'N, 11°39.5'E. Destroyer HMS Javelin (F 61) observes about 200 to 300 men in the water. Force K sustained no damage or casualties.
12/04/42 Submarine HMS Umbra (P 35) returns to Malta and lands her prisoners, HMS Umbra sails to resume her patrol twenty-four hours later.
 
 
December 3, 1942 Thursday
12/03/42 The entire Spanish Fleet is reported to be arriving at Cartagena, Spain.
 
Air Operations
12/03/42 1x Douglas C-53 Skytrooper, 1x Douglas C-47 Skytrain (Dakota), and 8x Supermarine Spitfire aircraft fly to Oran, Algeria.
12/03/42 1x Fairey Fulmar and 12x Hawker Hurricane aircraft fly to Algiers, Algeria.
 
Naval Operations
12/03/42 Convoy MKF.3 (Fast) arrives the Clyde, Scotland Escort Aircraft Carrier: HMS Archer Destroyer: HMS Lancaster and HMS Wells Cutters: HMS Gorleston and HMS Totland Sloops: HMS Folkestone, HMS Waveney, HMS Wellington, and HMS Weston Merchant Ships: 16
12/03/42 Convoy MKS.2 (Slow) arrives Liverpool, England Corvettes: HMS Aubretia, HMS Campion, HMS Carnation, HMS La Malouine, HMS Myosotis, HMS Mallow, and HMS Stonecrop Sloops: HMS Fowey and HMS Black Swan Minesweeper Trawler: HMS Port Stanley Catapult Aircraft Merchantman (CAM): Empire Day Merchant Ships: 32
12/03/42 Convoy TE.7 arrives Bône, Algeria Merchant Ships: 4
12/03/42 Convoy TE.7 (A) sails from Algiers, Algeria for Bône, Algeria Merchant Ships: 2
12/03/42 Convoy MKS.3 (X) (Slow) sails from Bône, Algeria for Liverpool, England Minesweepers: HMS Brixham, HMS Felixstowe, HMS Polruan, and HMS Rothesay Catapult Aircraft Merchantman (CAM): SS Empire Foam (7,047 tons) (CW) Merchant Ships: 50
12/03/42 Escort Destroyer HMS Avon Vale (L 06) and Escort Destroyer HMS Farndale (L 70) sail from Gibraltar to join Convoy KMF.4 (Fast)
12/03/42 sails from Gibraltar to join Convoy KMF.4 (Fast) Minesweepers: HMS Bude, HMS Clacton, and HMS Rhyl
 
Submarine Operations
12/03/42 Submarine HMS Ursula (N 59) torpedoes and sinks Transport SS Sainte Marguerite II (1,855 tons) (German) near San Remo, Italy.
12/03/42 Submarine HMS Unrivalled (P 45) torpedoes and damages the Torpedo Boat RN Antonio Mosto in the Gulf of Tunis at position 37º16'N, 10º22'E. HMS Unrivalled also damages with gunfire the Sailing Vessel Cesira Curreri (81 GRT) (Italy) in the Gulf of Tunis at position 37º09'N, 10º29'E.
 
 
December 4, 1942 Friday
12/04/42 during the night Convoy KMF.4 (Fast) passes through the Straits of Gibraltar
 
Air Operations
12/04/42 A Vickers Wellington, taking off from Gibraltar for El Adem, Libya crashed into the sea. One of the crew is killed, and one missing.
 
Naval Operations
12/04/42 from Gibraltar joins Convoy KMF.4 (Fast) Minesweepers: HMS Bude, HMS Clacton, and HMS Rhyl
12/04/42 Minesweeper HMS Welshman (M 48) arrives at Malta and disembarks service personnel.
12/04/42 4x MTBs arrive at Malta from Bône, Algeria.
 
 
December 5, 1942 Saturday
12/05/42 A Vickers Wellington bomber taking off from Gibraltar for El Adem, Libya crashes into the sea. One of the crew was killed, and one missing.
 
Naval Operations
12/05/42 08:00 Minesweeper HMS Dunbar (J 53) and Transport SS Kaimata (5,269 tons) (CW) arrive Gibraltar from Convoy KMS.4 (G) (Slow)
12/05/42 Convoy TE.7 (A) arrives Bône, Algeria Merchant Ships: 2
12/05/42 Convoy KMF.4 (Fast) arrives Gibraltar Merchant Ships: 9
12/05/42 Military Convoy 14 sails from Gibraltar for Algiers, Algeria Destroyers: HMS Calpe and HMS Quality Merchant ships: 2.
12/05/42 Military Convoy 14 arrives Algiers, Algeria Destroyers: HMS Calpe and HMS Quality Merchant ships: 2.
12/05/42 joins Convoy MKS.3 (X) (Slow) Corvettes: HMS Azalea, HMS Coreopsis, HMS Jonquil, and HMS Marigold Sloops: HMS Erne, HMS Leith. HMS Rochester, and HMS Scarborough
12/05/42 sails from Gibraltar to rejoin Convoy KMF.4 (Fast) Destroyers: HMAS Quickmatch, HMS Redoubt, and HMS Tanatside
12/05/42 Destroyer HMS Quality (G 62) joins Force Q at Algiers, Algeria.
12/05/42 Destroyer HMS Antelope (H 46) sails from Algiers to join Convoy KMF.4 (Fast)
12/05/42 Escort Destroyer HMS Calpe (L 71) sails from Algiers, Algeria for Gibraltar.
12/05/42 Destroyer HMS Paladin (G 69) and Minesweeper HMS Welshman (M 48) sail from Malta for Alexandra, Egypt.
12/05/42 Convoy KMF.4 (G) (Fast) from Convoy KMF.4 (Fast) to Oran, Algeria Destroyers: HMS Antelope, HMS Avon Vale, and HMS Farndale Merchant Ships: 5
 
Submarine Operations
12/05/42 Submarine HMS P 712 (ex RN Perla) (P 712) is formally handed over to the Greek Navy and renamed HHMS Matrozos.
 
 
December 6, 1942 Sunday
12/06/42 Convoy KMF.4 (Fast) divides into Convoy KMF.4 (A) (Fast) and Convoy KMF.4 (G) (Fast)
 
Air Operations
12/06/42 24x aircraft fly Anti-submarine sweeps from Gibraltar: 2x U boats are sighted. 1x is attacked with four depth charges: a white streak on the water was observed after the attack.
12/06/42 25x cased aircraft will arrive Gibraltar in Convoy KMS.4 (Slow).
12/06/42 6x Fairey Albacores, 6x Supermarine Walrus Amphibian, 3x Martlet IV (Grumman F4F-4B) Fighters, and 3x Fairey Swordfish, together with flying and maintenance crews for 6x Albacores and 6x Walruses, are being shipping in Escort Aircraft Carrier HMS Argus (D 49) in Convoy KMF.5 (Fast). The 6x Walrus aircraft will relieve No. 813 Squadron FAA at Gibraltar.
 
  Naval Operations
12/06/42 Convoy KMF.4 (A) (Fast) sails from Convoy KMF.4 (Fast) for Algiers, Algeria Destroyers: HMAS Quickmatch, HMS Redoubt, and HMS Tanatside Cutter: HMS Banff Sloops: HMS Egret, HMS Exe, and HMS Swale Minesweepers: HMS Rhyl, HMS Bude, and HMS Clacton Mine Depot Ship: HMS Helvig Merchant Ships: 8
12/06/42 Convoy KMF.4 (G) (Fast) sails from Convoy KMF.4 (Fast) for Oran, Algeria Destroyers: HMS Antelope, HMS Avon Vale, HMS Farndale Merchant Ships: 3
12/06/42 Convoy KMF.4 (A) (Fast) arrives Algiers, Algeria Destroyers: HMAS Quickmatch, HMS Redoubt, and HMS Tanatside Cutter: HMS Banff Sloops: HMS Egret, HMS Exe, and HMS Swale Minesweepers: HMS Rhyl, HMS Bude, and HMS Clacton Mine Depot Ship: HMS Helvig Merchant Ships: 8
12/06/42 Convoy KMF.4 (G) (Fast) arrives Oran, Algeria Destroyers: HMS Antelope, HMS Avon Vale, HMS Farndale Merchant Ships: 3
12/06/42 sails from Algiers to join Convoy KMF.4 (Fast) Light Cruiser: HMS Scylla Destroyers: HMS Bicester, HMS Lamerton, HMS Wheatland, HMS Wilton, and HMS Zetland
 
Submarine Operations
12/06/42 Submarine HMS Tigris (63 T) torpedoes and sinks the Submarine RN Porfido about 90nm NNE of Bône, Algeria at position 38º10'N, 08º35'E.
12/06/42 the day after Convoy ON-149 dispersed Submarine U-155 sights Transport SS Serooskerk (8,456 tons) (Netherlands) on a zigzag course at position 37ºN 38ºW. U-155 hits SS Serooskerk with one of two torpedoes at 22:06, which brings her to a complete stop. At 23:17 U-155 hits SS Serooskerk with a coup de grâce in the stern but the ship only settled a bit. At 23:55 U-155 hits SS Serooskerk with a second coup de grâce amidships and sinking her within two minutes. No survivors were seen to abandon ship.
 
 
12/06/42 14:00 - 12/10/42 22:30 Operation QUADRANGLE "A" ~ Convoy MW.15 from Port Said, Egypt for Malta
Merchant ships to Malta are to sail in pairs; they are to be sail with ordinary convoys to the vicinity of Benghazi where surface forces from Malta are to reinforce the escort to Malta.
 
Air Operations
12/10/42 Photographic reconnaissance left some doubt as to whether three 6-inch Cruisers at Messina had left or not.
12/31/42 13:15 Vice Admiral Malta recalls Force K when reconnaissance establishes that there is no threat to Convoy MW.15.
 
Naval Operations
12/06/42 14:00 Convoy MW.15 sails from Port Said, Egypt for Malta Minesweepers: HMS Cromarty, HMS Boston, and HMS Whitehaven Merchant Ships: SS American Packer and SS Ozarda
12/10/42 11:00 Force K sails from Malta to join Convoy MW.15 Light Cruisers: HMS Cleopatra and HMS Euryalus Destroyers: HMS Jervis, HMS Kelvin, and HMS Nubian
12/31/42 18:15 Force K arrives Malta Light Anti-aircraft Cruisers: HMS Cleopatra, and HMS Euryalus Destroyers: HMS Jervis, HMS Kelvin, and HMS Nubian.
12/10/42 11:00 Escort Destroyer HMS Belvoir (L 32) sails from Tobruk, Libya to join Convoy MW.15
12/10/42 07:00 joins Convoy MW.15 Light Cruiser: HMS Orion Destroyers: HMS Aldenham, HMS Croome, HMS Exmoor, and HMS Hursley
12/10/42 22:30 Convoy MW.15 arrives at Malta Light Cruiser: HMS Orion Destroyers: HMS Aldenham, HMS Belvoir, HMS Croome, HMS Exmoor, and HMS Hursley Minesweepers: HMS Cromarty, HMS Boston, and HMS Whitehaven Merchant Ships: SS American Packer and SS Ozarda
Operation QUADRANGLE "A"
 
 
December 7, 1942 Monday
Air Operations
12/07/42 1x Lockheed Hudson bomber, 22x Hawker Hurricanes, 9x Supermarine Spitfire, and 5x Bristol Beaufighters fly from Gibraltar to Maison Blanche aerodrome (Algiers), Algeria.
12/07/42 Photographic reconnaissance confirmed that Battleships: RN Vittorio Veneto, RN Littorio, and RN Roma have left Taranto. Force H is put on two hours' notice
 
Naval Operations
12/07/42 Convoy KMF.4 (Fast) arrives Bône, Algeria Light Cruiser: HMS Scylla Destroyers: HMS Bicester, HMS Clare, HMS Hurricane, HMS Lamerton, HMS Wheatland, HMS Wilton, and HMS Zetland Merchant Ships: 3
12/07/42 Convoy KMF.4 (Fast) arrives Philipeville, Algeria Light Cruiser: HMS Scylla Destroyers: HMS Bicester, HMS Lamerton, HMS Wheatland, HMS Wilton, and HMS Zetland Merchant Ships: 1
12/07/42 Convoy MKS.2 (A) (Slow) arrives Liverpool, England Corvettes: HMS Coltsfoot HMS Geranium HMS Honeysuckle HMIS Hyderabad HMS Lotus HMS Oxlip HMS Rhododendron HMS Spiraea HMS Violet Sloop: HMS Lowestoft Merchant Ships: 18
12/07/42 sails from Gibraltar to join Convoy KMS.4 (G) (Slow) Destroyers: HMS Velox and HMS Venomous Sloops: HMS Enchantress, HMS Fleetwood, and HMS Tay
12/07/42 sails from Convoy KMS.4 (G) (Slow) arrives Gibraltar Corvette: HMS Woodruff Minesweepers: HMS Ardrossan, HMS Lyme Regis (II), and HMS Worthing
12/07/42 Destroyer HMS Paladin (G 69) and Minesweeper HMS Welshman (M 48) arrive Alexandra, Egypt HMS Welshman (taken in hand for re-conversion to minelayer after a long period as a stores carrier).
12/07/42 4x MTB's sail from Malta to to Bône, Algeria
12/07/42 Light Anti-aircraft Cruiser HMS Dido (37) sails from Malta for Bône, Algeria to join Force Q.
12/07/42 Corvette HMS Penstemon (K 61) joins Convoy MKS.3 (X) (Slow)
 
Submarine Operations
12/07/42 Submarine HMS Unrivalled (P 45) returns to Malta from a patrol in the Gulf of Tunis in support of Operation TORCH. Several attacks were carried out but without result.
 
 
Operation MH Two ~ Convoy ME.11 from Malta to Port Said, Egypt
Air Operations
12/07/42 17:55 to 18:25 Axis torpedo bombers unsuccessfully attack Convoy ME.11.  Escort Destroyer HMS Dulverton (L 63) has one officer killed and four ratings wounded by gunfire from the convoy. A Spitfire and Destroyer HMS Petard (G 56) each claim to have shot down one aircraft.
12/08/42 13:30 5x Junkers Ju-88's dive-bomb Convoy ME.11 without causing any damage. One aircraft is shot down by gunfire and seen to crash nearby.
12/08/42 09:40 to 10:20 Convoy ME.11 is being shadowed. Fighters destroy two shadowing aircraft.
12/08/42 18:00 Convoy ME.11 fighters destroy a shadowing aircraft.
 
Naval Operations
12/07/42 10:00 Convoy MH.2 sails from Malta to Port Said, Egypt Light Cruiser: HMS Orion Destroyers: HHMS Pindos, HHMS Vasilissa Olga, HMS Aldenham, HMS Belvoir, HMS Croome, HMS Dulverton, HMS Exmoor, HMS Hursley, and HMS Tetcott Merchant Ships: 8 Tanker: SS Yorba Linda
12/08/42 19:00 sails from Convoy ME.11 to join Convoy MW.15 Light Cruiser: HMS Orion Destroyers: HMS Aldenham, HMS Croome, HMS Exmoor, and HMS Hursley.
12/10/42 sails from Convoy ME.11 to Alexandria, Egypt due to fuel shortage Destroyers: HHMS Pindos and HMS Dulverton Tanker: SS Yorba Linda.
12/10/42 Escort Destroyer HMS Belvoir (L 32) sails from Convoy ME.11 to Tobruk, Libya to refuel and to escort Convoy MW.16.
12/11/42 07:00 Convoy ME.11 arrives Port Said, Egypt Destroyers: HHMS Vasilissa Olga, HMS Pakenham, HMS Petard, and HMS Tetcott Merchant Ships: 8
Operation MH Two
 
 
December 8, 1942 Tuesday
Air Operations
12/08/42 Anti-submarine escorts from Gibraltar: 5x aircraft on special night patrol off Almeria, Spain due to Submarine Depot Ship HMS Maidstone (F 44) sailing the next day.
 
Naval Operations
12/08/42 sails from Convoy KMS.4 (G) (Slow) to Gibraltar to refuel Corvettes: HMCS Alberni, HMCS Baddeck, HMCS Port Arthur, HMCS Summerside, and HMCS Ville de Quebec
12/08/42 sails from Gibraltar to join Convoy MKS.3 (X) (Slow) Corvettes: HMS Coreopsis and HMS Jonquil Sloops: HMS Tay and HMS Wear Minesweepers: HMS Ardrossan, HMS Dunbar, HMS Lyme Regis (II), and HMS Worthing
12/08/42 from Gibraltar sails to overtake Convoy KMS.4 (G) (Slow) Corvettes: HMCS Alberni, HMCS Baddeck, HMCS Port Arthur, HMCS Summerside, and HMCS Ville de Quebec
12/08/42 Destroyer ORP Blyskawica (Blyskavica) (Lightning) (WZ.44) and Destroyer HMS Vanoc (H33) Sloop HMS Sandwich (L 12) escorting French Merchant Ships: 7 arrive Gibraltar from Algiers, Algeria.
12/08/42 Destroyer HMAS Quickmatch (G 92) and Destroyer HMS Redoubt (H 41) arrive Gibraltar from Algiers, Algeria
 
 
December 9, 1942 Wednesday
12/09/42 Sloop HMS Bideford (L 43) rams the anchored Corvette HMCS Louisburg (K 143) in Londonderry, Northern Ireland
 
Air Operations
12/09/42 04:00 3x Lockheed Hudson bombers fly from Gibraltar to Elida aerodrome.
12/09/42 22:00 3x Savoia-Marchetti SM.79 Sparviero (Sparrowhawk) of the 105º Gruppo AS (105th Torpedo group) sink Corvette HMS Marigold (K 87) off Algiers
 
Naval Operations
12/28/42 Convoy TE.11 sails from Gibraltar for Oran, Algeria Corvettes: HMCS Alberni, HMCS Baddeck, HMCS Port Arthur, HMCS Ville de Quebec, and HMS Nasturtium Boom Defence Vessel: HMS Barbarian Mine Disposal Ship: HMS Borde Landing Ship Tanks: HMS Bachaquero, HMS Misoa, and HMS Tasajera Merchant Ships: 5
12/09/42 Landing Ship Infantry (L) SS Otranto (20,026 tons) (CW) sails from Gibraltar joins Military Convoy 15 for Oran, Algeria
12/09/42 Landing Ship Infantry (L) SS Tegelberg (14,150 tons) (Netherlands) sails from Gibraltar joins Military Convoy 15 for Algiers, Algeria
 
 
December 10, 1942 Thursday
Air Operations
12/10/42 6x Spitfire aircraft fly from Gibraltar for Maison Blanche aerodrome (Algiers), Algeria and 4x Spitfire aircraft for Tafaraoui aerodrome (Oran), Algeria.
12/10/42 3x Lockheed Hudson bombers fly from Gibraltar to Elida aerodrome (Algiers), Algeria.
 
 
December 11, 1942 Friday
12/11/42 40x German bombers heavily damage Destroyer ORP Blyskawica (Lightning) (Blyskavica) (WZ.44). ORP Blyskawica undergoing repairs until 05/12/42.
 
Naval Operations
12/11/42 Convoy KMS.5 (G) (Slow) sails from the Clyde, Scotland for Bône, Algeria Anti-aircraft Ship: HMS Pozarica Corvettes: HMCS Algoma, HMCS Calgary, HMCS Camrose, HMCS Kitchener, HMCS Moosejaw, HMCS Regina, and HMS Petunia Sloops: HMS Bideford, HMS Hastings, and HMS Londonderry Cutters: HMS Landguard and HMS Lulworth Minesweepers: HMIS Baluchistan and HMIS Carnatic
  ** 12/11/42 arrives Gibraltar Destroyers: HMS Antelope, HMS Boreas, HMS Porcupine, HMS Vanoc, and ORP Blyskawica (Lightning) (Blyskavica) Submarine Depot Ship: HMS Maidstone
 
Submarine Operations
12/11/42 16:30 Submarine U-443 torpedoes and sinks Escort Destroyer HMS Blean (L 47) about 60 nautical miles west of Oran, Algeria at position 35º55'N, 01º50'W. (Seven officers and eighty ratings, together with four Sergeant Pilots, RAF, who had been taking passage in HMS Blean, were rescued by Destroyer HMS Wishart (I 67) and brought into Gibraltar 12/12/42).
 
 
December 12, 1942 Saturday
Air Operations
12/12/42 20x Spitfire, four Hurricanes, 2x C 47s, and a Fairey Swordfish aircraft fly to Oran, Algeria.
12/12/42 13x Lockheed Hudson bombers returned to Gibraltar from Oran, Algeria.
 
Naval Operations
12/12/42 at Algiers, Algeria Italian frogmen from the Submarine RN Ambra attach a limpet mines: Sinking Transport SS Berto (1,493 tons) (Norway) and Liberty Ship SS Ocean Vanquisher (7,174 tons) (CW); Heavily damage Transport SS Empire Centaur (7,041 tons) (CW); and after being damaged Transport SS Harmattan (4,558 tons) (CW) is beached to avoid sinking.
 
 
 
Submarine Operations
12/12/42 Torpedo Boat RN Fortunale attacks and sinks Submarine HMS P 222 (P 222) with depth charges in Bay of Naples, southeast of Capri.
 
 
December 13, 1942 Sunday
Air Operations
12/13/42 Fleet Air Arm Fairey Albacores sink a merchant ship south of Marittimo bound for Tunis, Tunisia.
 
Naval Operations
12/13/42 18:40 Force K performs an offensive sweep south of Malta Light Cruiser: HMS Orion Light Anti-aircraft Cruiser: HMS Cleopatra Destroyers: HMS Jervis, HMS Kelvin, and HMS Paladin
12/13/42 18:40 Force K performs an offensive sweep south of Malta Light Anti-aircraft Cruiser: HMS Euryalus Destroyer: HMS Nubian and HMS Jervis
12/13/42 Force K returns Malta after being unable to make contact.
12/13/42 Convoy KMS.4 (G) (Slow) arrives Bône, Algeria Destroyers: HMS Velox and HMS Venomous Corvettes: HMCS Alberni, HMCS Baddeck, HMCS Port Arthur, HMCS Summerside, HMCS Ville de Quebec Sloops: HMS Enchantress and HMS Fleetwood Merchant Ships: Algiers 3 Oran 1 Bône 58
12/13/42 Destroyer HMS Eskimo (F 75) and Destroyer HMS Quality (G 62) deploy with Force Q.
 
Submarine Operations
12/13/42 Sloop HMS Enchantress (L 56) rams and sinks Submarine RN Corallo off Bougie, Algeria at position 36º58'N, 05º07'E.  HMS Enchantress sustained structural damage forward while RN Corallo had no survivors.
12/13/42 Submarine HMS Umbra (P 35) damages the Transport SS Macedonia (2,875 tons) (German), which was beached and abandoned. She also launched an attack on Transport SS Nino Bixio (7,137 tons) (Italy) but missed north of Sousse, Tunisia.
 
 
December 14, 1942 Monday
12/14/42 No. 608 Squadron RAF is transferring to Algiers, Vice Admiral Gibraltar, asks for a relief Squadron to be sent to Gibraltar from the United Kingdom. In order that anti-submarine patrols may be maintained.
12/14/42 ASV-radar Albacore aircraft are to be used in the future for night anti-submarine sweeps when Carriers are in harbor. Vice Admiral Gibraltar is instructed to report facilities available at Gibraltar and to explore the facilities at La Senia Aerodrome (Oran), Algeria.
 
Air Operations
12/14/42 Force Q Light Cruisers: HMS Argonaut and HMS Aurora Destroyers: HMS Eskimo and HMS Quality returning from patrol in the Bizerte-Marittimo Channel are attacked by Italian aircraft.
 
Naval Operations
12/14/42 Force K returns Malta from offensive sweep after being unable to make contact.
12/14/42 Convoy MKF.4 (Y) (Fast) arrives Gibraltar Light Cruisers: HMS Delhi Destroyers: HMS Antelope, HMS Boreas, and ORP Blyskawica Merchant ships: 5
 
Submarine Operations
12/14/42 22:12 Submarine U-443 torpedoes and sinks Transport SS Edencrag (1,592 tons) (CW) west of Algiers at position 35º49'N, 01º25'W. Corvette HMS Samphire (K 128) picks up 11 survivors.
12/14/42 Submarine RN Mocenigo badly damages Light Anti-aircraft Cruiser HMS Argonaut (61) in her bow and stern west of Gaita Island. 2 of HMS Argonauts 4 propellers remain operational and she was able to reach Algiers, Algeria under her own power.
12/14/42 Submarine HMS Unruffled (P 46) sinks the Transport SS Castelverde (6,666 tons) (Italy) and Transport SS Honestas (4,959 tons) (Italy) off the Tunisian coast.
12/14/42 Submarine HMS Sahib (P 212) torpedoes and sinks the Transport SS Honestas (4,960 tons) (Italy) about 30nm NNW of Cape Bon, Tunisia at position 37º29'N, 10º46'E.
 
 
December 15, 1942 Tuesday
Submarine Operations
12/1542 Submarine HMS Unruffled (P 46) sinks the Transport SS Sant'Antioco (5,050 tons) (Italy) off Tunisia.
 
 
12/15/42 Destruction of the Submarine RN Uarsciek
12/15/42 04:05 Destroyer HMS Petard (G 56) and Destroyer HHMS Vasilissa Olga (Queen Olga) (D 15 aka H 86), while on passage from Benghazi to Malta, at position 35º08'N, 14º28'E sighted on the port bow what was at first thought to be a ship. It was seen to be a submarine and the Commanding Officer of Destroyer HMS Petard (G 56) considering it might have been Submarine HMS Umbra (P 35) returning to Malta from patrol in the Gulf of Hammamet, made the challenge.
12/15/42 04:10 Destroyer HMS Petard (G 56) reported being over the submarine. Three attacks were made, the last by Destroyer HHMS Vasilissa Olga (Queen Olga) (D 15 aka H 86), which caused the submarine to surface. After the first attack, the submarine fired two torpedoes. Destroyer HMS Petard (G 56) boarded the submarine; while doing so he collided with the submarine not realizing that she was going ahead under wheel after abandoning. Destroyer HMS Petard (G 56)'s bows were set back four feet and she sustained under water damage forward and after necessitating repairs in dock. She was however reasonably seaworthy and could steam at least twenty knots.
12/15/42 11:30 Destroyer HMS Paladin (G 69) and Destroyer HMS Kelvin (F 37) sailed from Malta to assist.
12/15/42 12:23 Destroyer HMS Petard (G 56) had the submarine in tow until she sank. Thirty-two prisoners were taken which included four officers. The Commanding Officer of the RN Uarsciek was killed. Her signal publications and ciphers were captured.
12/15/42 16:15 Destroyer HMS Petard (G 56) and Destroyer HHMS Vasilissa Olga (Queen Olga) (D 15 aka H 86) arrived at Malta.
 
 
December 17, 1942 Thursday
Air Operations
12/17/42 16x Lockheed Hudson bombers were flown to Blida aerodrome (Algiers), Algeria.
 12/17/42 a Vickers Wellington bomber force lands twelve miles west northwest of Cape Fegalo (Oran) Algeria. A Catalina rescued the crew, and the Wellington is towed into Mersa Buzudjar. HMS Formidable conducted salvage operations.
 
Submarine Operations
12/17/42 HMS Saracen fires four torpedoes at the Transport SS Ankara (4768 tons) (German) and one of her escorts the Destroyer RN Camicia Nera north of Bizerte, Tunisia. All torpedoes fired missed their targets.
 
 
December 18, 1942 Friday
Air Operations
12/18/42 14x Wellington and 3x Lockheed Hudson bombers fly to Algiers, Algeria.
 
 
December 19, 1942 Saturday
Air Operations
12/19/42 10x Vickers Wellington bombers and 14x Bristol Beaufighters arrived Gibraltar from the United Kingdom.
12/19/42 6x Vickers Wellington bombers fly from Gibraltar to Blida aerodrome (Algiers), Algeria; 13x Bristol Beaufighters fly from Gibraltar to Maison Blanche aerodrome (Algiers), Algeria.
 
Naval Operations
12/19/42 17:00 Minesweeper HMS Welshman (M 48) sails from Alexandra, Egypt for Haifa, Palestine Mandate for mine laying exercises.
 
10/18/42 evening - 10/20/42 Attack on Enemy Convoy:
10/18/42 evening aircraft sight a southbound convoy consisting of one large tanker and three merchant vessels escorted by seven destroyers in the vicinity of Pantellaria.
10/19/42 - 10/20/42 Submarine HMS Safari (P 211), Submarine HMS United (P 44), Submarine HMS Unbroken (P 42), Submarine HMS Utmost (N 19), and Submarine HMS Unbending (P 37) were moved so as to intercept this convoy and attacked at various times. Swordfish and Albacore aircraft attacked with bombs and torpedoed at night.
10/19/42 Submarine HMS Unbending (P 37) sinks Destroyer RN Giovanni da Verazzano and Transport SS Beppe (4,459 tons) (Italy) about 30 nautical miles south-west off Lampione Island at position 37º52'N, 12º05'E.
10/19/42 Submarine HMS Unbroken (P 42) torpedoes and sinks Transport SS Edda (6,107 tons) (Italy) near Gerba, Tunisia at position 33º45'N, 11º12'E.
10/20/42 Submarine HMS Safari (P 211) sinks Transport SS Titania (5,397 tons) (Italy) east of Tunisia at position 34º45'N, 12º31'E.
 
December 20, 1942 Sunday
12/20/42 08:30 Convoy KMS.5 (G) (Slow) passes through the Straits of Gibraltar eastbound.
 
Naval Operations
12/20/42 arrives Gibraltar from Convoy KMS.5 (G) (Slow) Sloops: HMS Bideford and HMS Londonderry Cutters: HMS Landguard and HMS Lulworth Minesweepers: HMIS Baluchistan and HMIS Carnatic
 
 
December 21, 1942 Monday
Naval Operations
12/21/42 Destroyer HMS Quality (G 62) from Force Q joins Convoy KMF.5 (A).
12/21/42 sails from Gibraltar for Algiers, Algeria LCI (L): 6, 161, 162, 163, and 210.
 
Submarine Operations
12/21/42 Submarine U-562 sinks Transport SS Strathallan (23,722 tons) (CW) 12 miles off Oran at position 36°01'N, 00°33'W.
 
 
December 22, 1942 Tuesday
Naval Operations
12/22/42 Minesweeper HMS Welshman (M 48) sails from Haifa, Palestine Mandate for Alexandra, Egypt
 
 
December 23, 1942 Wednesday
12/23/42 16:54 ANCXF reports that the reserve of Fairey Albacore aircraft in the Western Mediterranean is exhausted and requests early replenishment.
 
Naval Operations
12/23/42 from Gibraltar joins Convoy KMS.5 (G) (Slow) Destroyers: HMS Venomous, HMS Velox, and HMS Wivern Corvettes: HMS Convolvulus, HMS Penstemon, HMS Samphire, HMS Vetch, and HMCS Woodstock Sloop: HMS Fleetwood
12/23/42 Minesweeper HMS Welshman (M 48) arrives Alexandra, Egypt
 
 
December 24, 1942 Thursday
12/24/42 Amiral de la Flotte Jean Louis Xavier François Darlan is assassinated in his headquarters at Algiers, Algeria.
12/24/42 a Maintenance Party is to be sent from Gibraltar to No. 813 Squadron FAA Algiers, Algeria to assist in the maintenance of shore based aircraft. The party will be accommodated at Blida aerodrome (Algiers), Algeria.
 
Naval Operations
12/24/42 arrives Gibraltar from Convoy KMS.5 (G) (Slow) Corvettes: HMCS Algoma, HMCS Calgary, HMCS Camrose, HMCS Kitchener, HMCS Moosejaw, HMCS Prescott, HMCS Regina, and HMS Petunia Sloop: HMS Hastings
 
 
December 25, 1942 Friday
12/25/42 Torpedo Boats RN Ardente, RN Ardito and possibly RN Audace sink with depth charges Submarine HMS P48 (P 48) northwest of Zembra Island in the Gulf of Tunis at position 37º15'N, 10º30'E.
 
 
12/25/42 - 12/29/42 Operation PENTAGON: The Coordinated demonstration of land, sea, and air power to force Djibouti (a country in the Horn of Africa) to come to terms.
 
 
December 26, 1942 Saturday
Naval Operations
12/26/42 Light Anti-aircraft Cruiser HMS Dido (37) from Force Q joins Force H at Gibraltar.
12/26/42 Force K sails for exercises with Naval Air Squadrons south of Filfla Island (a.k.a. Delimara Island, St Paul's Island, Manoel Island, and Fungus Rock), Malta
12/26/42 Light Cruiser HMS Ajax (22) arrives Gibraltar from the United Kingdom.
 
Submarine Operations
12/26/42 Submarine HMS Unrivalled (P 45) sinks with gunfire Auxiliary Submarine Chaser RN Margherita (O-97) (69 tons) about 5nm north of Mehedia, Tunisia at position 35º32'N, 11º05'E.
 
 
December 27, 1942 Sunday
Naval Operations
12/27/42 Convoy KMS.5 (G) (Slow) arrives Bône, Algeria Anti-aircraft Ship: HMS Pozarica Destroyers: HMS Velox, HMS Venomous, and HMS Wivern Corvettes: HMS Convolvulus, HMS Penstemon, HMS Samphire, HMS Vetch, and HMCS Woodstock Sloop: HMS Fleetwood Merchant Ships: 4
12/27/42 Light Cruiser HMS Ajax (22) sails from Gibraltar for Algiers, Algeria.
12/27/42 17:30 Minesweeper HMS Welshman (M 48) sails from Alexandra, Egypt for Malta with service personnel and MTB's spare gear for Bône, Algeria and a small quantity of stores for Malta. The Captain Coastal Forces also took passage to Malta on transference of all available MTBs to the Western Mediterranean under Naval Commander Expeditionary ports.
 
 
December 28, 1942 Monday
Naval Operations
12/28/42 Convoy TE.11 sails from Gibraltar for Algiers, Algeria Corvettes: HMCS Alberni, HMCS Baddeck, HMCS Port Arthur, HMCS Ville de Quebec, and HMS Nasturtium Boom Defence Vessel: HMS Barbarian Mine Disposal Ship: HMS Borde Landing Ship Tanks: HMS Bachaquero, HMS Misoa, and HMS Tasajera Merchant Ships: 5
 
Submarine Operations
12/28/42 Submarine HMS Ursula (N 59) torpedoes and sinks Transport SS Odysseus (ex Gran (Norway)) (4,140 tons) (German) about 12 nm NW of Marettimo Island, Italy at position 38º09'N, 11º54'E.
 
 
December 29, 1942 Tuesday
Naval Operations
12/29/42 Minesweeper HMS Welshman (M 48) arrives Alexandra, Egypt
 
Submarine Operations
12/29/42 Submarine HMS Turbulent (N 98) torpedoes and sinks Transport SS Marte (5,290 tons) (Italy) east of Cape Ferrato, Sardinia at position 39º17'N, 09º41'E.
 
 
December 31, 1942 Thursday
Naval Operations
12/31/42 13:00 Force K arrives Malta Light Anti-aircraft Cruiser: HMS Euryalus Destroyers: HMS Pakenham and HMS Javelin
12/31/42 Convoy TE.11 arrives Algiers, Algeria Corvettes: HMCS Alberni, HMCS Baddeck, HMCS Port Arthur, HMCS Ville de Quebec, and HMS Nasturtium Boom Defence Vessel: HMS Barbarian Mine Disposal Ship: HMS Borde Landing Ship Tanks: HMS Bachaquero, HMS Misoa, and HMS Tasajera Merchant Ships: 5
12/31/42 Light Cruiser HMS Ajax (22) joins Force Q at Bône, Algeria.
 
Submarine Operations
12/31/42 Submarine HMS Unrivalled (P 45) torpedoes and sinks the Transport SS Maddalena (345 tons) (Italy) southeast of Mehedia, Tunisia in position 35º18'N, 11º23'E.
 
 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 




tigercub -> RE: For the Purists September 9. 1939 (12/10/2012 10:49:09 AM)

this is the bees Knees

thx Extraneous




Extraneous -> RE: For the Purists September 9. 1939 (12/10/2012 12:34:04 PM)

[sm=terms.gif] As you can see this is the abridged version of Torch. [sm=terms.gif]
 




aspqrz -> RE: For the Purists September 9. 1939 (11/10/2013 7:27:19 AM)

Aha!

I gather this is the thread in question ... good OOB for Naval stuff, and I can probably work out the land stuff myself!

Phil




Extraneous -> RE: For the Purists September 9. 1939 (11/10/2013 8:03:02 AM)

Yes for years after I quit the beta I was working trying to get you all ready for the release of MWiF.

I tried to do a guide to how to play the game and help you have at least a naval historical set up.





aspqrz -> RE: For the Purists September 9. 1939 (11/10/2013 11:00:14 AM)

Good work, working within the constraints of the game counters I still feel I get a reasonable setup.

Still not exactly what I'd like, but reasonable.

Thanks!

Phil




chemkid -> RE: For the Purists September 9. 1939 (11/10/2013 11:13:26 AM)

wow! [X(]
thanks!!

cheers!
chem!




AbwehrX -> RE: For the Purists September 9. 1939 (11/10/2013 8:30:26 PM)

This topic should be a sticky.




Grotius -> RE: For the Purists September 9. 1939 (11/11/2013 12:25:52 AM)

So is someone going to try to generate a "Historical Start for Global War" saved game (or setup files)? I'd be interested to see it.

Also, remember that you can rename units in MWIF, so that might help add flavor.




Shannon V. OKeets -> RE: For the Purists September 9. 1939 (11/11/2013 1:09:45 AM)


quote:

ORIGINAL: Grotius

So is someone going to try to generate a "Historical Start for Global War" saved game (or setup files)? I'd be interested to see it.

Also, remember that you can rename units in MWIF, so that might help add flavor.

Yes, you can rename units. But be very, very careful.[:-]

I have already seen fatal errors from a couple of players who have messed up/damaged the land unit data files when they edited them. The files are not user friendly.

Using a spreadsheet instead of NotePad (or the like) may help prevent typos. The spreadsheet reads in the file as a CSV and then needs to write out the file as a CSV. And for Heavens sake (and yours), make a backup copy of everything before you start editing the data files.




Extraneous -> RE: For the Purists September 9. 1939 (2/26/2014 8:40:30 AM)

...




Extraneous -> RE: For the Purists September 9. 1939 (12/22/2015 3:20:21 PM)

Operation HUSKY (Invasion of Sicily July 9/10 1943) updates are planned
The Plan
Execution of the Plan
DANFS
[url=http://www.naval-history.net/xDKEscorts00Contents.htm] Naval-History.net

Uboat Net
ACTION REPORT WESTERN NAVAL TASK FORCETHE SICILIAN CAMPAIGN; OPERATION "HUSKY"
Aspects of the Allied Invasion of Sicily, 1943
MilitaryHistoryOnline.com - Operation HUSKY - The Naval Experience (Part 1)
MilitaryHistoryOnline.com
USA Atlantic Fleet - December 1, 1943
USA Destroyer Squadrons 7, 10-21
USA Destroyer Squadrons 1-6, 8, 9, 15
US Navy OoB Operation HUSKY Axis History Forum
MtbRon 15
USA Tugs
Combined Drops OPERATION HUSKY
FLEET TUG (ATF), RESCUE TUG (ATR), AUXILIARY TUG (ATA), OLD TUG (ATO), HARBOR TUG (YT), AND SALVAGE SHIP (ARS) HALL OF VALOR
OPERATION HUSKY - USS Joseph P. Kennedy Jr. DD850
Liberty Ship Nanes
Troopships of World War II
For the Purists
Allied Ships Damaged or Sunk by Axis Aircraft, 14 May – 2 September 1943 (pdf)
SUBMARINE COMMANDERS by USNA Class Year
British Tanker Company
NavSource Naval History - Torpedo Boats and Destroyers
Convoy naming conventions
World Naval Ships Forum
Seekrieg 43-07

Operation Barclay - The Allied deception plan that created a fictional 12th Army including troop movements, radio traffic, recruitment of Greek interpreters, and acquisition of Greek maps to indicate an invasion through the Balkans.
Operation Mincemeat - The Allied deception plan that the Allies planned to invade Greece and Sardinia in 1943 instead of Sicily. This was accomplished by persuading the Germans that they had, by accident, intercepted "top secret" documents giving details of Allied war plans. The documents were attached to a corpse deliberately left to wash up on a beach in Punta Umbría, Spain.

Operation HUSKY Western Naval Task Force Timeline
NCWTF = Naval Commander Western Task Force - Rear Admiral Alan Goodrich Kirk, USN
CTF = Combined Task Force
NC = North Africa (Oran/Algiers) to Sicily
TD = Tunisia to Gela, Sicily (DIME Force)
TC = Tunisia to Scoglitti, Sicily (CENT Force)
TJ = Tunisia to Licata, Sicily (JOSS Force)
TK = Tunisia to Gela, Sicily (KOOL Force (7th U.S. Army Reserve))
Combat-loaded/Combat-loaders = Large transport ships.
RNVR = Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve
HHelMS - Greek Navy

Kpt.Mar. - Kapitan Marynarki - ORP Lt.
Kmdr.Ppor. - Komandor Podporucznik - ORP Lt.Cmdr.
Kmdr.Por. - Komandor Porucznik - ORP Cmdr.

Convoy speeds were to be 13 knots for combat loaders, 12 1/2 knots for LCIs, 8 knots for LSTs, and 6 1/2 for LCTs.

Algeria
Algiers was the staging port for the Gela Attack Force (DIME Force) (CTF-81 (Combined Task Force 81)) the combat-loaded U.S. 1st Infantry Division.
Oran was the staging port for the Scoglitti Attack Force (CENT Force) (CTF-85 (Combined Task Force 85)) the combat-loaded U.S. 45th Infaantry Division,

Tunisia
Bizerte was the staging port for the Licata Attack Force (JOSS Force) (CTF-86 (Combined Task Force 86)) the LST, LSI, and LCT loaded U.S. 3rd Infantry Division.
Bizerta and Tunis were the mounting ports for LSTs, LCI(L)s, and LCTs because those ports were large enough to accomodate the landing craft and were the North African ports located closest to the assault areas assigned to the Western Task Force.
Sousse became the staging port for the LCI(L)s because the movement cleared Tunis of some of the traffic load and because the assault voyage was shortened for the embarked infantry.
Kariouan was the staging for the U.S. 82nd Airborne Division.


06/08/43 - 06/22/43 Convoy UGF.9 (US 45th Infantry Division convoy) from Hampton Roads, USA to Oran, Algeria
06/11/43 Detached
Destroyer USS William Bradford Shubrick (DD-639) - Lt.Cdr. Louis Allen Bryan, USN (Bombed) - joined 06/08/43

06/22/43 Detached
CruDiv 8 (Cruiser Division 8)
Light Cruiser USS Philadelphia (CL-41) (F) - Cdr. Gordon Josiah Crosby, USN - joined 06/08/43

Crudiv 13 (Cruiiser Division 13)
Light Cruiser USS Birmingham (CL-62) - Capt. John Wilkes, USN - joined 06/08/43
Light Cruiser USS Boise (CL-47) - Capt. Leo Hewlett Thebaud, USN - joined 06/08/43

DesRon 15 (Destroyer Squadrom 15)
DesDiv 29 (Destroyer Division 29)
Destroyer USS William Mervine ( DD-489) (F) - Lt.Cdr. Dale Roderick Frakes, USN - joined 06/08/43
Destroyer USS John Henry Quick (DD-490) - Lt.Cdr. Philip Winslow Cann, USN - joined 06/08/43
Destroyer USS Gregory Caldwell Davison (DD-618) - Cdr. Walter Coulter Winn - joined 06/08/43
Destroyer USS Frank Edmund Beatty (DD-640) - Lt.Cdr. William Outerson, USN - joined 06/08/43
Destroyer USS Benjamin Ryan Tillman (DD-641) - Lt.Cdr. Francis Douglas McCorkle, USN - joined 06/08/43
DesDiv 30 (Destroyer Division 30)
Destroyer USS Thomas Jefferson Cowie (DD-632) (F) - Lt.Cdr. Charles Jonathan Whiting, USN - joined 06/08/43
Destroyer USS Austin Melvin Knight (DD-633) - Lt.Cdr. Joel Clarence Ford, Jr., USN - joined 06/08/43
Destroyer USS John James Doran (DD-634) - Lt.Cdr. Norman Ernest Smith, USN - joined 06/08/43
Destroyer USS Ralph Earle (DD-635) - Lt.Cdr. Hamilton Wilcox Howe, USN - joined 06/08/43

DesRon 17 (Destroyer Squadron 17)
DesDiv 33 (Destroyer Division 33)
Destroyer USS John McLeod Murphy (DD-603) - Lt.Cdr. Leonard Scott Bailey, USNR - joined 06/08/43
Destroyer USS James Henry Glennon (DD-620) - Lt.Cdr. Floyd Charles Camp, USN - joined 06/08/43
Destroyer USS William Nicholson Jeffers (DD-621) - Lt.Cdr. William Thomas McGarry, USN - joined 06/08/43
Destroyer USS William Alfred Truman Maddox (DD 622) - Lt.Cdr. Eugene Sylvester Sarsfield, USN - joined 06/08/43
Destroyer USS Charles Preston Nelson (DD-623) - Lt.Cdr. Munro Marvin Riker, USN - joined 06/08/43
DesDiv 34 (Destroyer Division 34) - Lt.Cdr. John William Schmidt, USN
Destroyer USS Smedley Darlington Butler (DD-636) (F) - Lt.Cdr. Mitchell Dudley Matthews, USN - joined 06/08/43
Destroyer USS Bancroft Gherardi (DD-637) - Lt.Cdr. John William Schmidt, USN - joined 06/08/43
Destroyer USS William Lewis Herndon (DD-638) - Cdr. Granville Alexander Moore, USN - joined 06/08/43

Amphibious Force Command Ship USS Ancon (AGC-4) 10,021 tons (Flagship of Cent Attack Force) - Capt. Paul Luker Mather, USN
Attack Transport USS Anne Arundel (ex Mormacyork) (AP-76) 7,796 tons - Cdr. Lunsford Yandell Mason Jr., USN
Attack Transport USS Arcturus (ex Mormachawk) (AKA-1) 6,200 tons
Attack Transport USS Bellatrix (ex Raven) (AKA-3) 8,113 rons
Attack Transport USS Calvert (ex Del Orleans) (APA-32) 8,429 tons
Fleet Oiler USS Chemung (ex Esso Annapolis) (AO-30) 11,335 tons
Attack Transport USS Dorothea Lynde Dix (AP-67) 6,736 tons
Attack Transport USS Florence Nightingale (AP-70) 7,773 tons - Capt. Joseph William McColl Jr., USN
Attack Transport USS Frederick N. Funston (AP-89) 12,093 tons - Cdr. John Edward Murphy
Attack Transport USS Harry Lee (APA-10) 9,989 tons - Cdr. J. G. Pomeroy, USN
Attack Transport USS James O'Hara (APA-90) 10,067 tons - Lt.Cdr. Charles Vern Allen, USN
Attack Transport USS Leonard Wood (APA-12) 13,712 tons - Capt Merlin O'Neill, USCG
Fleet Tug Moreno (ATF-87) - Lt. (jg) V. H. Kyllberg, USN
Ammunition Ship USS Mount Baker (ex USS Kilauea) (AE-4) 6,350 tons
Attack Transport USS Neville (APA-9) 7,475 tons - Cdr. Oral Raymond Swigart, USN
Fleet Oiler USS Salamonie (ex Esso Columbia) (AO-26) 11,316 tons
Attack Cargo Ship USS Susan Brownell Anthony (AP-72) 8,193 tons - Capt. Henry Hartley, USN
Attack Cargo Ship USS Alcyone (AKA -7) 14,225 tons - Capt. Daniel Michael McGurl, USN
Attack Cargo Ship USS Andromeda (AKA-15) 6,556 tons - Cdr. William Anthony Fly, USN
Attack Transport USS Charles Carroll (APA-28) - Cdr. Harold Biesemeier, USN
Attack Cargo Ship USS Procyon (AKA-2) 7,480 tons - Cdr. Beverly Armistead Hartt, USN
Stores Ship USS Tarazed (ex Chiriqui) (AF-13) 6,983 tons
Attack Transport USS Thomas Jefferson (AP-60) 7,176 tons - Capt. Philip Pindell Welch, USN
Repair Ship USS Vulcan (AR-5) 9,140 tons
Attack Transport USS William Phillips Biddle (APA-8) 7,884 tons - Capt. Paul Rolland Glutting


06/10/43 - 06/21/43 Convoy UGF.9A from Hampton Roads, USA to Oran, Algeria
06/21/43 Detached
Light Cruiser USS Brooklyn (CL-40) - Capt. Humbert William Ziroli, USN - joined 06/10/43
Destroyer USS Thomas Boyle (DD-600) (F) - Lt.Cdr. Benjamin Prince Field ,Jr., USN - joined 06/10/43
Destroyer USS James Buck (DD-420) (F) - Lt. George Solon Lambert, USN (from DesRon 13) - joined 06/10/43
Destroyer USS Thomas Alva Edison (DD-439) - Lt.Cdr. Hepburn Alcott Pearce, USN - joined 06/10/43
Destroyer USS Nicholson (named for the Nicholson family) (DD-442) - Cdr. Lewis Merrill Markham Jr., USN - joined 06/10/43
Destroyer USS Francis Asbury Roe (DD-418) - Lt.Cdr. Rathel Linwood Nolan Jr., USN - joined 06/10/43
Destroyer USS Claude Augustus Swanson (DD-443) - Cdr. Edward Livingston Robertson Jr., USN - joined 06/10/43
Destroyer USS Charles Wilkes (DD-441) (F) - Cdr. Frederick Wolsieffer, USN - joined 06/10/43

Troop Transport USS Borinquen (USAT) 7,114 tons
Attack Transport USS Chateau Thierry (AP-31) 9,050 tons
Troop Transport USS Evangeline (USAT) 5,043 tons
Troopship USS Explorer 6,736 tons
Fleet Tug USS Hopi (ATF-71) 1,235 tons - (F) - Lt. Oscar W. Huff
Troopship USS Mexico (ex Colombia) 5,236 tons
Fleet Oiler USS Niobrara (AO-72) 10,180 tons
Troopship USS Ocean Mail 7,842 tons
Attack Transport USS Orizaba (AP-24) 11,293 tons
Troopship USS Santa Paula 9,135 tons
Troopship USS Shawnee 6,209 tons


06/13/43 - 07/10/43 UGS.10 from Hampton Roads, USA to Port Said, Egypt
07/02/43 Detached
Destroyer USS Livermore (DD 429) - Cmdr. Harry Edward Siedel, Jr., USN - joined 06/14/43
Destroyer USS Eberle (DD 430) - Cdr. Clare Brown Smiley, USN - joined 06/14/43
Destroyer USS Endicott (DD 495) - Cdr. Wilton Stewart Heald, USN - joined 06/14/43
Destroyer USS Ericsson (DD 440) - Lt.Cdr. Bernard Henree Meyer, USN - joined 06/14/43
Destroyer USS Kearny (DD-432) - Cdr. Lindsey Williamson - joined 06/14/43
Minelayer Keokuk (AKN 4) - Lcdr. L. Brennan, USNR - joined 06/13/43
Destroyer Alexander Agnew McCormick (DD-223) - LCdr. Seymour Dunlop Owens - joined 06/14/43
Destroyer USS George Fountain Parrott (DD-218) - LCdr. John Nelson Hughes - joined 06/14/43
Minesweeper USS Pilot (AM 104) - LCdr. Sherman Bruce Wetmore, USNR - joined 06/14/43
Minelayer USS Salem (CM-11) - Cdr. Henry Goodman Williams, USN - joined 06/13/43
Minelayer Weehawken (CM-12) (ex SS Estrada Polma) - LCdr. Robert Edwin Mills, USNR - joined 06/13/43

07/06/43 Detached
Escort Destroyer HMS Blankney (L 30) - Lt.Cdr. Douglas Henry Reid Bromley, RN - joined 07/02/43
Escort Destroyer HMS Blencathra (L 24) - Lt. Edgar George Warren, RN - joined 07/02/43
Escort Destroyer HMS Brecon (L 76) - Lt.Cdr. Terence Desmond Herrick, RN - joined 07/02/43
Escort Destroyer HMS Brissenden (L 79) - Lt. David Creagh Beatty, RN - joined 07/02/43
Escort Destroyer HMS Hambledon (L 37) - Lt.Cdr. Gordon Wylie McKendrick, RN - joined 07/02/43
Destroyer HMS Mendip (L 60) (F) - Capt. Cecil Ramsden Langworthy Parry, RN - joined 07/02/43
Destroyer HMS Wallace (L 64) - Lt. Duncan Carson, RN - joined 07/02/43
Destroyer HMS Woolston (L 49) - Lt. Frederick William Hawkins, RN - joined 07/02/43

07/09/43 Detached
Sloop HMS Banff (Y 43) - Lt. Peter Brett, RNR - joined 07/07/43
Corvette HMS Bergamot (K 189) - Lt. Reginald Thomas HOran, RNR - joined 07/07/43
Corvette HMS Bryony (K 192) - T/Lt. Thomas Hand, RNR - joined 07/07/43
Sloop HMS Erne (U 03) - Lt.Cdr. Evelyn David John Abbot, RN - joined 07/07/43
Corvette HMS Honeysuckle (K 27) - Lt. Henry Herbert Dietrich MacKillican, RNR - joined 07/07/43
Corvette HMS Hyderabad (K 212) - T/Lt. Thomas Cooper, RNR - joined 07/07/43
Corvette HMS Oxlip (K 123) - Lt. Charles William Leadbetter, RNR - joined 07/07/43
Frigate HMS Teviot (K 222) - Lt.Cdr. Thomas Taylor, RN - joined 07/07/43

Liberty Ship USS Alexander Lillington (WSAT (550) USAT) 7,177 tons - Oran
Liberty Ship USS Alexander Martin (USAT) 7,177 tons - Oran
Liberty Ship USS Andrew Moore (0131 WSAT (550) USAT) 7,176 tons - Bougie via Algiers
Liberty Ship USS Benjamin Huntington (0107 WSAT (550) USAT) 7,176 tons - Gibraltar
Liberty Ship USS David G. Farragut (0317 WSAT (550) USAT) 7,191 tons - Casablanca
Liberty Ship USS David Caldwell (0909 USAT) 7,176 tons - Oran
Liberty Ship USS Frederick Augustus Conrad Muhlenberg (0081 WSAT AP) 7,176 tons - Oran
Liberty Ship USS Francis Marion (0487 WSAT (550) USAT) 7,177 tons - Oran
Liberty Ship USS George Bancroft (0091 WSAT (550) USAT) 7,176 tons - Gibraltar

Fuel Oil Barge USS Anticline (YO-62) 2,670 tons
Tanker SS Athelduchess (Br) 8,940 tons - Gibraltar
Tanker SS Atlantic (Nor) 7,342 tons - Gibraltar
Tanker USS Beacon tons 10,398 - BERMUDA
Tanker SS British Courage (Br) 6,952 tons - Oran
Tanker SS British Glory (Br) 6,992 tons - CALLED Algiers 07/07/43
Transport USS Carrillo 4,593 tons - Casablanca
Tanker USS Chester O. Swain (ex Albertolite) 8,146 tons - Oran. NOTIONAL SAILING DATE
Transport USS Delnorte 4,982 tons - Casablanca
Transport SS Dornoch (Br) 5,186 tons - Gibraltar TO Algiers
Tanker SS Eclipse (Br) 9,767 tons - Algiers
Tanker SS Empire Gold (Br) 8,028 tons - Algiers
Tanker SS Empire Jet (Br) 8,134 - Oran
Transport SS Empire Prospero (Br) 6,766 tons
Transport SS Empire Rosalind (Br) 7,290 tons
Transport SS Empire Salvage (Br) 10,594 tons - Algiers
Transport SS Empire Viscount (Br) 8,882 tons - Oran
Transport SS Fort Kootenay (Br) 8,882 tons - Algiers
Liberty Ship USS George Davis (0876 WSAT (550) USAT) 7,177 tons - Oran
Liberty Ship USS George Matthews (0285 USAT) 7,176 tons - Oran
Liberty Ship USS Gideon Welles (0563 WSAT (550) USAT) 7,176 tons - Oran
Tanker USS Gulf Coast 7,140 tons - Bizerta
Liberty Ship USS Haym Salomon (0987 WSAT (550) USAT) 7,176 tons - Casablanca
Transport SS Henry Dundas (Br) 10,448 tons - Bizerta
Tanker USS Herbert L. Pratt 7,118 tons - Bizerta VIA Algiers
Liberty Ship USS Houston Volunteers - (0110 USAT) 7,176 tons - Casablanca
Liberty Ship USS James Jackson (0343 WSAT (550) USAT) 7,176 tons - Oran
Liberty Ship USS James Whitcomb Riley ( 0193 WSAT (550) USAT) 7,176 tons - Algiers
Liberty Ship USS James Woodrow (0929 USAT) 7,200 tons - Oran
Liberty Ship USS Joel Chandler Harris (0010 WSAT (550) USAT) 7,176 tons - Casablanca
Liberty Ship USS John E. Schmeltzer (0984 WSAT (550) USAT) 7,176 tons - Casablanca
Liberty Ship USS John H. Eaton (0832) 7,176 tons - Algiers
Liberty Ship USS John Howard Payne (0490) 7,181 tons - Oran
Liberty Ship USS John P. Poe (0054) 7,191 tons - Bizerta
Liberty Ship USS John Trumbull (0337 WSAT (550) USAT) 7,176 tons - Oran
Liberty Ship USS Jonathan Worth (0897 WSAT (550) USAT) 7,177 tons - Oran
Liberty Ship USS Joseph Hewes (0217 WSAT AP USAT) 7,177 tons - Casablanca
Liberty Ship USS King S. Woolsey (0681 WSAT (550) USAT) 7,176 tons - Gibraltar
Liberty Ship USS Leland Stanford (0298 WSAT (550) USAT) 7,176 tons - Gibraltar
Liberty Ship USS Lincoln Steffens (0668 WSAT (550) USAT) 7,176 tons - Oran
Fleet Oiler SS Lot (French) 4,220 tons - 06/22/1943 SUNK BY U-572
Laanding Ship Tank LST-165
Liberty Ship USS Mark Twain (0196) 7,176 tons - Bizerta
Fleet Oiler USS Merrimack (AO-37)10,221 tons - 06/22/1943 Picks up survivors of Fleet Oiler SS Lot (French), Casablanca
Liberty Ship USS Pearl Harbor (0927 USAT) 7,200 tons - Algiers
Liberty Ship USS Richard Jordan Gatling (0419 WSAT (550) USAT) 7,181 tons - Algiers
Liberty Ship USS Samuel Ashe (0164 WSAT (550) USAT) 7,177 tons - Casablanca
Liberty Ship USS Samuel Huntington (0248 WSAT (504) USAT) 7,181 tons - Oran
Transport SS Stanridge (Br) 5,975 tons - BONE VIA Algiers 7.7 - 08/04/43 sunk by Italian frogmen at Algeciras; Spain
Liberty Ship USS Stephen C. Foster (0276) 7,196 tons - Algiers
Liberty Ship USS Thaddeus Kosciuszko (0926 WSAT (550) USAT) 7,200 tons - Oran
Liberty Ship USS Thomas B. Robertson (0122 WSAT (550) USAT) 7,176 tons - Gibraltar
Liberty Ship USS Thomas Sumter (0154 WSAT AP USAT) 7,177 tons - Gibraltar
Liberty Ship USS Thomas W. Bickett (0905 WSAT (550) USAT) 7,176 tons - Oran
Fuel Oil Barge USS Pumper (YO-56) 944 tons
Escort Carrier USS Santee (CVE-29) (ex Esso Seakay)
Liberty Ship USS William D. Moseley (0895 WSAT (550) USAT) 7,177 tons
Liberty Ship USS William H. Webb (0980) 7,176 tons - RETURNED AFTER EXPLOSION ONBOARD
Liberty Ship USS William M. Stewart (0087) 7,176 tons - Casablanca
Liberty Ship USS William Mulholland (0677 WSAT (550) USAT) 7,176 tons - Oran
Transport USS William Penn 8,447 tons - Casablanca
Liberty Ship USS William W. Gerhard (0977 USAT) 7,176 tons - Oran
Liberty Ship USS Winfield Scott (0098 USAT) 7,176 tons - Oran
Liberty Ship USS Zachary Taylor (0244) 7,181 tons - Oran


06/17/43 Thursday 14:00 - 06/23/43 Force H from Scapa Flow to Gibraltar Flag Officer Vice Admiral Algernon Usborne Willis, RN (aboard Nelson)
Battleship HMS Nelson (28) (Flag, Force H) - Capt. the Hon. Guy Herbrand Edward Russell, RN
Battleship HMS Rodney (29) - Capt. James William Rivett-Carnac, RN
Battleship HMS Valiant (02) - Capt. Leslie Haliburton Ashmore, RN
Battleship HMS Warspite (03) - Capt. Herbert Annesley Packer, RN
Aircraft carrier HMS Indomitable (92) - Capt. Guy Grantham, RN
8th Destroyer Flotilla
Destroyer HMS Faulknor (H 62) (F) - Capt. Alan Kenneth Scott-Moncrieff, RN
Destroyer HMS Fury (H 76) - Lt.Cdr. Colin Henry Campbell, RN
Destroyer HMS Echo (H 23) - Lt. Richard Herbert Calcraft Wyld, RN
Destroyer HMS Intrepid (D 10) - Cdr. Charles Arthur de Winton Kitcat, RN
Destroyer HMS Inglefield (D 02) - A/Cdr. Charles Fraser Harrington Churchill, RN
4th Destroyer Flotilla
Destroyer HMS Offa (G29) - Lt.Cdr. Rowland Francis Leonard, RN
Destroyer HMS Panther (G41) - Lt.Cdr. Robert William Jocelyn, RN
Destroyer HMS Pathfinder (G10) - Cdr. Edward Albert Gibbs, RN
Destroyer HMS Quail (G45) - Lt.Cdr. Robert Fergus Jenks, RN
Destroyer HMAS Queenborough (G70) - Cdr. Eric Percival Hinton, RN
Destroyer HMS Quilliam (G09) (F) - Capt. Stephen Hope Carlill, RN
Destroyer ORP Piorun (Lightning) (G 85) - Kmdr.Por. Stanislaw Tytus Dzienisiewicz, ORP


06/18/43 from Londonderry to join Force H at approximately position 54-30N, 15W
21st Destroyer Flotilla
Destroyer HMS Arrow (H 42) - Lt.Cdr. William Wentworth Fitzroy, RN
Escort Destroyer HMS Blankney (L 30) - Lt.Cdr. Douglas Henry Reid Bromley, RN
Escort Destroyer HMS Blencathra (L 24) - Lt. Edgar George Warren, RN
Escort Destroyer HMS Brecon (L 76) - Lt.Cdr. Terence Desmond Herrick, RN
Escort Destroyer HMS Brissenden (L 79) - Lt. David Creagh Beatty, RN
Escort Destroyer HMS Hambledon (L 37) - Lt.Cdr. Gordon Wylie McKendrick, RN
Escort Destroyer HMS Ledbury (L 90) - Lt. Denis Roy Newton Murdoch, RN
Destroyer HMS Mendip (L 60) (F) - Capt. Cecil Ramsden Langworthy Parry, RN
Destroyer HMS Penn (G 77) - Lt.Cdr. James Hamilton Swain, RN
Destroyer HMS Viceroy (D 91) - Lt. Thomas Frederick Hallifax, RN
Destroyer Flotilla Leader HMS Wallace (L 64) - Lt. Duncan Carson, RN
Destroyer HMS Woolston (L 49) - Lt. Frederick William Hawkins, RN


06/20/43 (Sunday) - 06/29/43 (Tuesday) Convoy KMS.18A from the Clyde to Gibraltar
Frigate HMS Exe (K 92) - A/Cdr. Michael Anthony Ormus Biddulph, RN - joined 06/20/43
Sloop HMS Gorleston (Y 92) (ex USCGC Itasca) - Cdr. Ronald William Keymer, RN - joined 06/20/43
Sloop HMS Lowestoft (L 59 /U 59) - A/Cdr. Lawrence Henry Phillips, RN - joined 06/20/43
Frigate HMS Ness (K 219) - Lt.Cdr. Trevor George Payne Crick, RN - joined 06/25/43
Escort Destroyer HMS Pytchley (L 92) - Lt. Robert Hugh Hodgkinson, RN - joined 06/24/43
Sloop HMS Wellington (L 65 /U 65) - Lt.Cdr. John Treasure Jones, RD, RNR - joined 06/24/43

Landing Ship Tank HM LST-301
Landing Ship Tank HM LST-305
Landing Ship Tank HM LST-319
Landing Ship Tank HM LST-321
Landing Ship Tank HM LST-365
Landing Ship Tank HM LST-366
Landing Ship Tank HM LST-406 ARRIVED LONDONDERRY IN TOW
Landing Ship Tank HM LST-424


06/24/43 (Thursday) - 07/10/43 (Saturday) Convoy KMS.18B from the Clyde to Operation HUSKY: Bark West
06/24/43 Detached
Corvette HMS Rhododendron (K 78) - Lt. Louis Alan Sayers, RNR - joined 06/26/43

07/03/43 Detached
Escort Aircraft Carrier HMS Archer (D 78) - Capt. Horace Temple Taylor Bayliss, RN - joined 06/26/43
Destroyer HMS Vanquisher (D 54) - Lt.Cdr. Gerald Anthony Gore Ormsby, RN - joined 06/27/43
Destroyer HMS Volunteer (D 71) - Lt.Cdr. Gordon John Luther, RN - joined 06/27/43
Destroyer HMS Havelock (H 88) - Cdr. Richard Courtenay Boyle, RN - joined 06/27/43
Corvette HMS Godetia (ii) (K 226) - T/Lt. Maurice Albert Francois Larose, RNR - joined 06/26/43

07/06/43 Detached
Corvette HMS Bergamot (K 189) -Lt. Reginald Thomas HOran, RNR - joined 06/24/43
Corvette HMS Bryony (K 192) - T/Lt. Thomas Hand, RNR - joined 06/24/43
Corvette HMS Honeysuckle (K 27) - Lt. Henry Herbert Dietrich MacKillican, RNR - joined 06/24/43
Corvette HMS Hyderabad (K 212) - T/Lt. Thomas Cooper, RNR - joined 06/24/43
Sloop HMS Banff (Y 43) (ex Coastguard Cutter USCGC Saranac) - Lt. Peter Brett, RNR - joined 06/26/43
Sloop HMS Erne (U 03) - Lt.Cdr. Evelyn David John Abbot, RN - joined 06/26/43

07/09/43 Detached
Light Cruiser HMS Aurora (12) (F) - Capt. Sir William Gladstone Agnew, RN - joined 07/06/43
Light Anti-aircraft Cruiser HMS Penelope (97) - Capt. George Devereux Belben, RN - joined 07/06/43

07/10/43 Detached
Destroyer HMS Viceroy (D 91) - Lt. Thomas Frederick Hallifax, RN - 21st Destroyer Flotilla - joined 07/05/43
Escort Destroyer HMS Calpe (L 71) - Lt.Cdr. Henry Kirkwood, RN - joined 07/05/43
Escort Destroyer HMS Haydon (L 75) - Lt. Roland Chisnell Watkin, RN - joined 07/05/43
Escort Destroyer ORP Krakowiak (L 115) - Kmdr ppor. Wszechwlad Maracewicz, ORP - joined 07/05/43
Escort Destroyer HMS Tynedale (L 96) - Lt. James John Simon Yorke, RN - joined 07/05/43
Escort Destroyer HMS Cleveland (L 46) - Lt. James Kenneth Hamilton, RN - joined 07/09/43
Corvette HMS Pimpernel (K 71) - Lt. Hugh Dudley Hayes, RNR - joined 27/06 - 07/03/43
Corvette HMS Oxlip (K 123) - Lt. Charles William Leadbetter, RNR - joined 06/24/43 - 07/06/43
Frigate HMS Teviot (K 222) - Lt.Cdr. Thomas Taylor, RN - joined 06/24/43 - 07/06/43

07/10/43 (Saturday) Arrived
Minesweeper HMS Cadmus (J 230) - Lt.Cdr. John Spencer Landers, RNR - joined 07/07/43
Minesweeper HMS Circe (J 214) - Lt.Cdr. James Hugh McIan Malcolm, RN - joined 07/07/43
Minesweeper HMS Espiegle (J 216) - Lt. Ronald Gresham, RNVR - joined 07/07/43
Minesweeper HMS Fly (J 306) - Capt. John Wilfrid Boutwood, RN - joined 07/07/43

Transport SS Alcinous (Netherlands) 6,189 tons
Transport SS Benedict (Commonwealth) 4,949 tons MT
Transport SS City of Venice (Commonwealth) 8,762 tons MT 302 Troops. 06/04/43 20.47 hours sunk by U-409
Landing Ship Gantry RFA Dewdale (A151) 8,390 tons
Landing Ship Gantry RFA Derwentdale (A114) 4,934 tons MT
Transport SS Devis (Commonwealth) 6,054 tons MT 289 Troops. 06/05/43 15.43 hours sunk by U-593
Transport SS Empire Cato (Commonwealth) (ex Clan Mackenzie) 7,039 tons MT
Transport SS Empire Confidence (Commonwealth) (ex Dusseldorf) 5,023 tons
Transport SS Empire Elaine (Commonwealth) 7,512 tons
Transport SS Fort Buckingham (Commonwealth) 7,122 tons MT
Transport SS Fort Lajoie (Commonwealth) 7,134 tons MT
Transport SS Fort Meductic (Commonwealth) 7,134 tons MT
Transport SS Transport SS Fort Nashwaak (Commonwealth) 7,134 tons MT
Transport SS Fort Stager (Commonwealth) 7,132 tons MT
Transport SS Gudrun Maersk (Commonwealth) 2,294 tons
Laanding Ship Tank USS LST 406 SAILED LATE TO OVERTAKE
Transport SS Norman Monarch II (Commonwealth) 7,005 tons MT
Transport SS Orestes (Commonwealth) 7,748 tons
Transport SS Prometheus (Commonwealth) 6,095 tons
Rescue Ship SS Rathlin (Commonwealth) 1,600 tons
Transport SS St. Essylt (Commonwealth) 5,634 tons 322 Troops. 07/04/43 21.40 hours sunk by U-375
Transport SS Stanhill (Commonwealth) 5,969 tons MT

06/28/43 (Monday) (D-12) 16:30 hours - 06/30/43 Force H (Division 2) from Gibraltar to Algiers, Algeria Rear Admiral Arthur William La Touche Bisset, RN (2nd in Command Force H aboard Warspite)
Battleship HMS Valiant (02) - Capt. Leslie Haliburton Ashmore, RN
Battleship HMS Warspite (03) (F) - Capt. Herbert Annesley Packer, RN
Aircraft carrier HMS Formidable (67) - Capt. Arthur George Talbot, RN
Light Cruiser HMS Aurora (12) (F) - Capt. Sir William Gladstone Agnew, RN
Light Anti-aircraft Cruiser HMS Penelope (97) - Capt. George Devereux Belben, RN
8th Destroyer Flotilla
Destroyer HMS Faulknor (H 62) (F) - Capt. Alan Kenneth Scott-Moncrieff, RN
Destroyer HMS Fury (H 76) - Lt.Cdr. Colin Henry Campbell, RN
Destroyer HMS Echo (H 23) - Lt. Richard Herbert Calcraft Wyld, RN
Destroyer HMS Eclipse (H 08) - Lt.Cdr. Edward Mack, RN
Destroyer HMS Intrepid (D 10) - Cdr. Charles Arthur de Winton Kitcat, RN
Destroyer HMS Inglefield (D 02) - A/Cdr. Charles Fraser Harrington Churchill, RN
Destroyer HMS Ilex (D 61) - Lt.Cdr. Vere Alison Wight-Boycott, OBE, RN
Destroyer HMS Raider (H 15) - Lt.Cdr. Kenneth Walter Michell, RN
Destroyer RHS Vasilissa Olga (Queen Olga) (D 15) - Lt.Cdr. Georgios Blessas, RHN
06/28/43 (Monday) (D-12) - 07/10/43 (Saturday) Convoy KMF.18 from the Clyde to Operation HUSKY
Destroyer HMS Anthony (H40) - Lt.Cdr. John Henry Wallace, RN - joined 07/07/43
Escort Destroyer HMS Ledbury (L 90) - Lt. Denis Roy Newton Murdoch, RN - joined 07/07/43
Destroyer HMS Qiantock (L 58)- Lt. Richard George Lovell Pennell, RN - joined 07/07/43
Escort Destroyer HMS Brocklesby (L 42) (from Escort Group V) - Lt. Kenneth Rupert Simpson Leadlay, RN - joined 07/07/43
Anti-aircraft Vessel HMS Ulster Queen (F118) - Lt.Cdr. Charles Keith Adam, RN - joined 07/07/43
Escort Destroyer HMS Wilton (L 128) - Lt. Adrian Paul Northey, RN - joined 07/07/43

07/07/43 Detached
Sloop HMS Chanticleer (U 05) - Lt.Cdr. Robert Henry Bristowe, RN - joined 06/26/43
Sloop HMS Crane (U 23) - Lt.Cdr. Ralph Grosvenor Jenkins, RN - joined 06/26/43
Sloop HMS Cygnet II (U 38) - Lt.Cdr. Francis Babington Proudfoot, RN - joined 06/28/43
Sloop HMS Pheasant (U 49) - Cdr. Leonard Francis Durnford-Slater, RN - joined 06/28/43
Frigate HMS Test (K 239) -Lt.Cdr. Frank Bentley Collinson, RD, RNR - joined 06/28/43
Frigate HMS Trent (K 243) - T/A/Lt.Cdr. James Gavin Rankin, RNR - joined 06/28/43
Sloop HMS Whimbrel (U 29) - Lt.Cdr. William Josselyn Moore, RNR - joined 06/28/43

07/10/43 Detached
Destroyer HMS Hambledon (L 37) - Lt.Cdr. Gordon Wylie McKendrick, RN - 21st Destroyer Flotilla - joined 07/07/43
Destroyer HMS Mendip (L 60) - Capt. Cecil Ramsden Langworthy Parry, RN - 21st Destroyer Flotilla - joined 07/07/43
Destroyer Flotilla Leader HMS Wallace (L 64) - Lt. Duncan Carson, RN 21st Destroyer Flotilla - joined 07/07/43
Destroyer HMS Woolston (L 49) - Lt. Frederick William Hawkins, RN 21st Destroyer Flotilla - joined 07/07/43
Escort Group V
Escort Destroyer HMS Blankney (L 30) - Lt.Cdr. Douglas Henry Reid Bromley, RN - 21st Destroyer Flotilla - joined 07/07/43
Escort Destroyer HMS Blencathra (L 24) - Lt. Edgar George Warren, RN - 21st Destroyer Flotilla - joined 07/07/43
Escort Destroyer HMS Brissenden (L 79) - Lt. David Creagh Beatty, RN - 21st Destroyer Flotilla - joined 07/07/43

Transport SS Alcinous (Netherlands) 6,189 tons
Landing Ship Infantry HMS Ascania (F68) 14,013 tons
Transport SS Batory (Polish) 14,287 tons
Landing Ship Infantry (Large) HMS Circassia (F 91) 11,136 tons
Landing Ship Infantry (Large) HMS Derbyshire (F 78) 11,660 tons
Landing Ship Gantry RFA Derwentdale (A114) 8,390 tons Carrying 15 LCMs and 150 Troops Barkl West beach
Transport HMS Durban Castle (Commonwealth) 17,388 tons
Transport SS Empire Confidence (Commonwealth) (ex Dusseldorf) 5,023 tons
Transport SS Empire Elaine (Commonwealth) 7,512 tons
Transport SS Gudrun Maersk (Commonwealth) 2,294 tons CASED PETROL
Landing Ship Tank HMS Boxer (F 121) 3,616 tons
Landing Ship Tank HMS Bruiser (F 127) 3,616 tons
Landing Ship Infantry (Large) HMS Glengyle (4.196) 9,919 tons
Amphibious Headquarters Ship HMS Hilary (F.22) 7,403 tons
Tank landing ship HMS Thruster (F 131) 3,616 tons
Anti Aircraft Ship HMS Ulster Queen (F118) 3,791 tons
Llangibby Castle (Commonwealth) 11,951 tons
Landing Ship Infantery Marnix van Sint Aldegonde (LSI (L)) (Netherlands) 19,355 tons - 20 landing craft Assault (LCA)
Transport SS Orestes (Commonwealth) 7,748 tons
Transport SS Prometheus (Commonwealth) 6,095 tons
06/18/43 - 06/27/43 Convoy KMF.17 from the Clyde to Algiers, Algeria
Destroyer HMS Amazon (D 39) - Lt.Cdr. Denis Harold Palmer Gardiner, RN - Joined 06/26/43
Destroyer HMS Arrow (H 42) - Lt.Cdr. William Wentworth Fitzroy, RN - Joined 06/26/43
Escort Destroyer HMS Blencathra (L 24) - Lt. Edgar George Warren, RN - 21st Destroyer Flotilla - Joined 06/26/43
Escort Destroyer HMS Brecon (L 76) - Lt.Cdr. Terence Desmond Herrick, RN - Joined 06/26/43
Escort Destroyer HMS Brissenden (L 79) - Lt. David Creagh Beatty, RN - 21st Destroyer Flotilla - Joined 06/26/43
Escort Destroyer HMS Hambledon (L 37) - Lt.Cdr. Gordon Wylie McKendrick, RN - Joined 06/26/43
Escort Destroyer HMS Ledbury (L 90) - Lt. Denis Roy Newton Murdoch, RN - Joined 06/26/43
Destroyer HMS Witherington (D 76) - Lt.Cdr. Robert Basil Stewart Tennant, RN - Joined 06/26/43

Net Laying Ship HMS Guardian (Br) 2,860 tons

Transport SS Britannic (Commonwealth) 26,943 tons
Transport USS Cristobal 10,021 tons
Transport USS James William McAndrew (AP-47) (USAT) (ex Delargentino) 7,997 tons
Transport SS Largs Bay (Commonwealth) 14,182 tons
Transport SS Samaria (Commonwealth) 19,597 tons
Transport USS Santa Rosa 9,135 tons
Transport SS Silverteak (Commonwealth) 6,770 tons
Transport SS Tamaroa (Commonwealth) 12,405 tons - SD AVONMOUTH


06/29/43 (Tuesday) (D-11)
TG-86.1 (Task Group 86.1) Light Cruiser USS Birmingham (CL-62), Light Cruiser USS Brooklyn (CL-40), Destroyer USS James Buck (DD-420) (F), and Destroyer USS Augustus C. Ludlow (DD-438) sail from Mers el Kebir, Algeria.
06/29/43 - 06/30/43 Force H (Division 1) from Gibraltar to Mers el Kebir, Algeria Flag Officer Force H Vice Admiral Algernon Usborne Willis, RN (aboard Nelson)
Battleship HMS Nelson (28) (Flag, Force H) - Capt. the Hon. Guy Herbrand Edward Russell, RN
Battleship HMS Rodney (29) - Capt. James William Rivett-Carnac, RN
Aircraft carrier HMS Indomitable (92) - Capt. Guy Grantham, RN
4th Destroyer Flotilla
Destroyer HMS Offa (G29) - Lt.Cdr. Rowland Francis Leonard, RN
Destroyer HMS Panther (G41) - Lt.Cdr. Robert William Jocelyn, RN
Destroyer HMS Pathfinder (G10) - Cdr. Edward Albert Gibbs, RN
Destroyer HMS Quail (G45) - Lt.Cdr. Robert Fergus Jenks, RN
Destroyer HMAS Queenborough (G70) - Cdr. Eric Percival Hinton, RN
Destroyer HMS Quilliam (G09) - Capt. Stephen Hope Carlill, RN (from 8th Destroyer Flotilla)
Destroyer ORP Piorun (Lightning) (G 85) - Kmdr por. Stanislaw Tytus Dzienisiewicz, ORP

06/30/43 (Wednesday) (D-10) - 07/05/43 06:30 Force H (Division 2) (less HMS Aurora (12) and HMS Penelope (97)) Sails from Algiers,Algeria to Ras-el-Tin Lighthouse, Alexandria Bay, Eqypt.

07/03/43 (Saturday) (D-3) - 07/11/43 (Sunday) Convoy MWS.36 from Alexandria, Egypt to Operation HUSKY
Transport SS Baarn (Netherlands) 5,621 tons MT,137 T PETROL,428 Troops 06/11/43 Bombed by German aircrqaft sunk by Allied naval gunfire
LibertyShip USS Benjamin Goodhue (0282) (WSAT AP USAT) 7,196 tons - MT,205 T PETROL,464 T
LibertyShip USS Big Foot Wallace (0116) (WSAT 550) (ex Fitzhugh Lee I) 7,176 tons - MT, 43 T PETROL, 85 T
Liberty Ship USS Colin P. Kelly Jr. (0744) (WSAT (504) USAT) 7,176 tons - MT,174 T PETROL, 399, 144 Troops
Transport SS Empire Charmian (63) (Commonwealth) 7,519 tons
Coastal Tanker SS Empire Lass (Commonwealth) 813 tons - Water Carrier
Landing Ship Gantry RFA Ennerdale (A173) (8,280 tons) 15x LCMs
Transport SS Fort Lawrence (Commonwealth) 7,134 tons - MT,215 T PETROL,439
Liberty Ship USS Frank B. Kellogg (0601) 7,176 tons - MT,42 T PETROL,123 140 Troops
Liberty Ship USS George H. Dern (0511) (WSAT (550) USAT) 7,181 tons - MT,175 T PETROL,475
Liberty Ship USS George Rogers Clark (0448) 7,181 tons - MT,41 T PETROL,93 T
Transport SS Glaucus (Commonwealth) 7,596 tons
Transport SS Harpagus II (Commonwealth) 7,271 tons - MT,37 T PETROL,128 144 Troops
Transport SS Highland Prince (Commonwealth) 7,043 tons - MT,234 T PETROL,519 119 Troops
Liberty Ship USS Jonathan Grout (0128) (WSAT (550) USAT) 7,176 tons - MT, 262 T PETROL,43
Liberty Ship USS Joseph Alston (0864) (WSAT (550) USAT) 7,177 tons - MT,269 T PETROL,562
Liberty Ship USS Joseph G. Cannon (0447) 7,181 tons - MT,46 T PETROL,91 T - 07/11/43 BOMBED OFF BEACHEAD
Transport SS Kheti (Commonwealth) 2,734 tons
Liberty Ship USS Leslie M. Shaw (0444) 7,181 tons - MT,43 T PETROL,153
Liberty Ship USS Mayo Brothers (0318) (WSAT (550) USAT) 7,191 tons - MT,174 T PETROL,381
Coaster SS Moray Coast (Commonwealth) 687 tons - CASED PETROL
Tanker RFA Nasprite (A252) 965 tons - PETROL
Liberty Ship USS O. Henry (0486) 7,181 tons - MT,173 T PETROL,417
Liberty Ship SS Ocean Glory (Commonwealth) 7,178 tons - MT,22 T PETROL,150
Liberty Ship SS Ocean Hunter (Commonwealth) 7,178 tons - MT,114 T PETROL,110
Liberty Ship SS Ocean Peace (Commonwealth) 7,173 tons - MT,253 T PETROL,432 - 01/12/43 Bombed thrn sunk by gumfire from Escort Destroyer HMS Tetcott (L 99)
Liberty Ship SS Ocean Pride (Commonwealth) 7,173 tons - MT,45 T PETROL,106
Liberty Ship SS Ocean Strength (Commonwealth) 7,173 tons - MT,44 T PETROL,108
Liberty Ship SS Ocean Valley (Commonwealth) 7,174 tons - MT,183 T PETROL,441
Liberty Ship SS Ocean Vision (Commonwealth) 7,174 tons - MT,129 T PETROL,123
Liberty Ship SS Ocean Vulcan (Commonwealth) 7,174 tons - MT,45 T PETROL,110
Transport SS Ozarda (Commonwealth) 6,985 tons - MT,40 T PETROL,120 144 Troops
Liberty Ship USS Pio Pico (0696) 7,176 tons - MT,232 T PETROL,542 129 Troops
Liberty Ship USS Pocahontas (0871) 7,177 tons - MT,243 T PETROL,543
Transport SS Shahjehan (Commonwealth) 5,454 tons - MT,23 T PETROL,121 230 Troops - 07/06/43 10.05 hours torpedoed and damaged by U-453 northeast of Benghazi. Taken in tow but sank the next day
Transport SS Tarantia (Commonwealth) 7,268 tons - MT,38 T PETROL,128 155 Troops
Transport SS Thistlemuir (Commonwealth) 7,237 tons - MT,148 T PETROL,421

07/05/43 (Monday) (D-5)
Convoy NCF-1 Section Section the Scoglitti Attack Force (CENT Force) (CTF-85 (Combined Task Force 85)) forms off Oran, Algeria heads for rendezvous with Convoy NCF-1 First Section the Gela Attack Force (DIME Force) (CTF-81 (Combined Task Force 81)) off Algiers, Algeria.
07/05/43 15:00 - 07/06/43 06:00 Force H (Division 1) sails from Mers el Kebir, Algeria to Algiers, Algeria Flag Officer Force H Vice Admiral Algernon Usborne Willis, RN (aboard Nelson)
Battleship HMS Nelson (28) (Flag, Force H) - Capt. the Hon. Guy Herbrand Edward Russell, RN
Battleship HMS Rodney (29) - Capt. James William Rivett-Carnac, RN
Aircraft carrier HMS Indomitable (92) - Capt. Guy Grantham, RN
Light Cruiser HMS Cleopatra (33) - Capt. John Felgate Stevens, RN
Light Cruiser HMS Euryalus (42) - Capt. Richard Oliver-Bellasis, RN
4th Destroyer Flotilla
Destroyer HMS Offa (G29) - Lt.Cdr. Rowland Francis Leonard, RN
Destroyer HMS Panther (G41) - Lt.Cdr. Robert William Jocelyn, RN
Destroyer HMS Pathfinder (G10) - Cdr. Edward Albert Gibbs, RN
Destroyer HMS Quail (G45) - Lt.Cdr. Robert Fergus Jenks, RN
Destroyer HMAS Queenborough (G70) - Cdr. Eric Percival Hinton, RN
Destroyer HMS Quilliam (G09) - Capt. Stephen Hope Carlill, RN (from 8th Destroyer Flotilla)
Destroyer ORP Piorun (Lightning) (G 85) - Kmdr por. Stanislaw Tytus Dzienisiewicz, ORP
07/05/43 (D-5) 05:00 - 07/08/43 Force H (Division 3 (Force Z)) sails from Gibraltar for Algiers, Algeria Vice Admiral Arthur John Power (aboard HMS King George V)
Battleship HMS King George V (41) (F) Capt. Thomas Edgar Halsey, RN
Battleship HMS Howe (32) - Capt. Charles Henry Lawrence Woodhouse, RN
Destroyer HMS Arrow (H 42) - Lt.Cdr. William Wentworth Fitzroy, RN
Destroyer HMS Jervis (F.00) - Capt. Anthony Follett Pugsley, RN
Destroyer HMS Panther (G41) - Lt.Cdr. Robert William Jocelyn, RN - 4th Destroyer Flotilla
Destroyer HMS Pathfinder (G10) - Cdr. Edward Albert Gibbs, RN - 4th Destroyer Flotilla
Destroyer HMS Penn (G 77) - Lt.Cdr. James Hamilton Swain, RN
Destroyer HMS Paladin (G 69) - Lt.Cdr. Lawrence St George Rich, RN
Destroyer HMS Petard (G 56) - Lt.Cdr. Rupert Cyril Egan, RN
Destroyer HMS Tyrian (R 67) - Cdr. Charles Woollven Greening, RN
07/05/43 (Monday) (D-5) - 07/10/43 (Saturday) Convoy MWF.36 - from Port Said, Egypt to Operation HUSKY
Transport SS Bergensfjord (Nor) 11,015 tons 871 Troops
Transport SS Christiaan Huygens (Netherlands) 16,287 tons
Transport SS Devonshire (Commonwealth) 11,275 tons
Transport HMT Dilwara (Commonwealth) 11,080 tons 462 Troops
Transport Duchess of Bedford (Commonwealth) 20,123 tons 2,837 Troops
Transport HMT Dunera (Commonwealth) 11,162 tons 1,629 Troops
Transport HMS Brittany (Commonwealth) 1,445 tons
Amphibious Headquarters Ship HMS Bulolo (Commonwealth) 6,267 tons
Landing Ship Infantry (Large) HMS Keren (F 132) 9,890 tons
Landing Ship Infantry (Small) HMS Prins Albert (4.35) 2,938 tons 272 Troops
Landing Ship Infantry (Hand-hoisting) HMS Ulster Monarch (F 69) (Commonwealth) 3,791 tons 300 Troops
Transport SS Monarch of Bermuda (Commonwealth) 22,424 tons 2,766 Troops
Transport SS Orontes (Commonwealth) 20,097 tons
Transport SS Otranto (Commonwealth) 20,026 tons 3,200 Troops
Transport SS Reina del Pacifico (Commonwealth) 17,702 tons
Transport SS Ruys (Netherlands) 14,155 tons
Transport SS Sobieski (Pol) 11,030 tons 1,369 Troops
Transport SS Strathnaver (Commonwealth) 22,283 tons 3,275 Troops
Transport SS Tegelberg (Netherlands) 14,150 tons
Transport SS Winchester Castle (Commonwealth) 20,012 tons

07/06/43 (Tuesday) (D-4)
11:00 Force H (Division 1) sails from Algiers, Algeria for the Gulf of Sirte to join Force H (Division 2).
17:00 USS Monrovia (APA-31) (FF) weighs anchor at Algiers, Algeria
17:39 Convoy NCF-1 First Section USS Monrovia (APA-31) (FF) and the Gela Attack Force (DIME Force) (CTF-81 (Combined Task Force 81)) form up off Algiers, Algeria.
Covering Group TG-80.7 (Task Group 80.7) 3 Light Cruisers and 7 destroyers forms off Algiers, Algeria. Then steams Eastward, ahead of the convoys NCF-1 and KMF.18, maintaing a suitable covering position with relation to the transports.
11:30 hours Force H (Division 1) arrives Algiers, Algeria The primary purpose of the Royal Navy ships is to prevent the Italian navy from intervening in the operation. Their secondary purpose was on D-1 to move into the Ionian Sea so as to appear to threaten the west coast of Greece on D Day, thus serving as a means to divert the enemy's attention at the critical moment, and it was to maintain this position until D + 2. Their third purpose was to provide bombardment support if required by the army. To carry out their functions they were divided into three divisions:-


07/07/43 (Wednesday) (D-3)
07:00 HMS Aurora (12) and HMS Penelope (97) rejoin Force H (Division 2).
10:45 Force H (Division 2) sails from Alexandria Bay, Eqypt for the Gulf of Sirte to join Force H (Division 1) in the Gulf of Sirte.
12:00 Convoy NCF-1 First Section at position Lat. 37° 10' 02" N., Long. 06° 23' 00"E
13:30 Convoy NCF-1 First Section and Convoy NCF-1 Section Section rendezvous off Algiers, Algeria. The First Section is to maintain its position 6 miles ahead of the Second Section.
18:00 Convoy KMF.18 (British) sighted to northward proceeding on converging course at slightly greater speed. The convoy drew ahead and entered Tunisian War Channel.
20:00 USS Monrovia (APA-31) (FF) position Lat. 37° 15' 40" N., Long. 07° 48' 45" E


07/08/43 (Thursday) (D-2)
07/08/43 The captain of HMS Rodney, appointed Rear Admiral.
07/08/43 Force H under air attacks
Shortly after dawn Licata Attack Force (JOSS Force) (CTF-86 (Combined Task Force 86)) sorties. LSTs and LCTs sortied from Bizerta and Tunis, Tunisia.
06:00 Convoy KMF.18 was scheduled to pass outside Bizerta
06:30 Convoy NCF-1 was scheduled to pass outside Bizerta.
08:00 Convoy KMF.18 (British) and Convoy NCF-1 were approximately twenty miles East of Bizerta.
08:00 USS Monrovia (APA-31) (FF) position Lat. 37° 11' 02" N., Long. 10° 42' 00" E.
09:40 USS Monrovia (APA-31) (FF) passed Cape Bon, Tunisia.
12:00 USS Monrovia (APA-31) (FF) position Lat. 36° 39' 05" N., Long. 11° 05' 07" E., course 210°, speed 12.7 knots. (Average speed for 264 miles - 11 knots.) Zig-zag Plan No. 10.
21:55 Destroyer USS John McLeod Murphy (DD-603) makes submarine contact and attacks.
22:08 Explosion suggests probability of successful attaack on U-boat.
07/08/43 (Thursday) (D-2)- 07/10/43 (Saturday) Convoy SBF.1 from Sfax, Tunisia to Bark South
Amphibious Headquarters Ship HMS Largs 4,504 tons
Landing Ship Infantry (Medium) HMS Prinses Beatrix (4.44) 4,136 tons - A/Cdr. Thomas Bennett Brunton, RN - capacity 2 LCM's, 6 LCA's or LCS(M)'s and 372 Troops - Argyll and Sutherland
Landing Ship Infantry (Medium) HMS Queen Emma (4.180) 4,136 tons - Capt. George Louis Downall Gibbs DSO, RN - capacity 2 LCM's, 6 LCA's or LCS(M)'s and 372 Troops - Argyll and Sutherland
Landing Ship Infantry (H - Hand-operated davits) HMS Royal Scotsman (F 115) 3,244 tons - Lt.Cdr, James Davison Armstrong DSC, RD, RNR - capacity 6 LCA's and 830 Troops
Landing Ship Infantry (H - Hand-operated davits) HMS Royal Ulsterman (F 63) 3,244 tons - A/Lt.Cdr. William Roland Kemp Clark DSC, RD, RNR - capacity 6 LCA's and 830 Troops

Force HX
07/09/43 (Friday) (D-1)
06:00 hours Force H approximate position 33N, 18E (240 miles south east of Malta) Division 1 rendezvous with Division 2 from Alexandria, Egypt. Force H then provided distant cover for the combined convoys, MWF.36 (Ex Port Said 07/05/43) and MWS.36 (Ex Alexandria 07/03/43), SBS.1 (slow), SBM.1, SBF.1 (fast) (Ex Sfax 07/08/43) and MWS.36X (Ex Tripoli 07/08/43) consisting of MT freighters, tankers, landing ships and landing craft for the invasion of Sicily, Operation HUSKY.
Force A (RADM Troubridge.) - Lead ship Bulolo with the convoys and MWS.36 MWF.36 (see 19.6.-9.7.) - Lands the British XIII.. Corps (LtGen. Dempsey) with the 3rd Royal Maine Commandos, the 5th Infantry Div. and 50th Infantry Div.südlich the Maddalena peninsula in the sector "Acid North" and south of Avola in the sector "Acid South". As a control post the brit. Submarine unruffled is used.
Force N (Capt Lord Ashburn.) - Lead ship Keren with parts of convoys MWS.36 and MWF.36 - lands the brit 231. Independent Brigade (Brig Urquhart.) On the east coast of the Pachino peninsula in the sector "Bark East.". Control posts: submarine Unseen.
Force B Rear Admaral. McGregor) - lead ship Largs with the convoys SBS.1, SBM.1 and SBF.1 - lands the British 51st Inf Div... (Maj.-Gen. Wimberley) near Cap Passero. Control posts: submarine Unison.
Force V (RADM Vian.) - Lead ship Hilary with the convoys and KMF.18 KMS.18 - lands the Canadian 1. Div. (Maj.-Gen. Simmonds) on the west coast of the Pachino peninsula. Control point: submarine Unrivalled.
The troops of the Forces N, B and V are the XXX. Corps (LtGen. Leese). The 1st Airborne Division landed south-west of Syracuse.

Support Force East - Rear-Admiral Cecil Halliday Jepson Harcourt, RN
Monitor HMS Roberts (F 40) - A/Capt. Ronald Ernest Cotton Dunbar, RN
Monitor HMS Erebus (I 02) -Cdr. Hardress Waller D'Arcy-Evans, RN

Light Cruiser HMS Newfoundland (59) - Capt. William Rudolph Slayter, RN
Light Cruiser HMS Uganda (66) - Capt. Sir William Gerrard Andrewes, RN
Light Cruiser HMS Mauritius (80) - Capt. William Wellclose Davis, RN
Light Cruiser HMS Orion (85) - Capt. George Cunningham Paton Menzies, RN

Light Anti-aircraft Cruiser HMS Carlisle (D 67) - A/Cdr. Dudley Alfred Parker, RN
Light Anti-aircraft Cruiser HMS Colombo (D 89) - Capt. Derrick Henry Hall-Thompson, RN
Light Anti-aircraft Cruiser HMS Delhi (D 74) - Capt. Allan Thomas George Cumberland Peachey, RN

Anti-aircraft Ship HMS Palomares - A/Capt. John Henry Jauncey, RN

Destroyer HMS Witherington (D 76) - Lt.Cdr. Robert Basil Stewart Tennant, RN
Destroyer HMS Eskimo (F 75) - Capt. John William Musgrave Eaton, RN - escourt MWF.36 - Acid Beach
Destroyer HMS Venomous (D 75) - Lt. Henry Dumaresq Durell, RN
Destroyer HMS Wishart (D 67) - Cdr. Alan FitzRoy Campbell, RN
Destroyer HMS Wrestler (D 35) - Lt. Reginald William Beecroft Lacon, RN
Escort Destroyer HMS Hursley (L 84) - Lt. William John Patrick Church, RN
Escort Destroyer HMS Lauderdale (L 95) - Lt. George Dudley Pound, RN - SMB.1 from Sfax to Bark South
Escort Destroyer HMS Rockwood (L 39) - Lt. Samuel Richard le Hunte Lombard-Hobson, RN
Escort Destroyer HMS Lamerton (L 88) - Lt.Cdr. Cuthbert Richard Purse, RN
Escort Destroyer HMS Calpe (L 71) - Lt.Cdr. Henry Kirkwood, RN

13th Destroyer Flotilla
Destroyer HMS Arrow (H 42) - Lt.Cdr. William Wentworth Fitzroy, RN

14th Destroyer Flotilla
Destroyer HMS Penn (G 77) - Lt.Cdr. James Hamilton Swain, RN

19th Destroyer Flotilla
Destroyer HMS Lookout (G 32) - Lt.Cdr. Archibald George Forman, RN
Destroyer Flotilla Leader HMS Laforey (G 99) - Capt. Harold Thomas Armstrong, RN - Bark Beach
Destroyer HMS Loyal (G 15) - Lt.Cdr. Hugo Edward Forbes Tweedie, RN
Destroyer HMS Nubian (F 36) - Cdr. Douglas Eric Holland-Martin, RN
Destroyer HMS Tartar (F 43) - Cdr. St. John Reginald Joseph Tyrwhitt, RN

b]21st Destroyer Flotilla
Destroyer HMS Mendip (L 60) (F) - Capt. Cecil Ramsden Langworthy Parry, RN - Bark West

22nd Destroyer Flotilla
Escort Destroyer HMS Hurworth (L 28) (F) - Cdr. Royston Hollis Wright, RN

41st Escort Group
Destroyer HMS Clare (ex USS Abel P. Upshur) (I 14) - Lt.Cdr. Gilbert Shaw Grant, RNR

Escort Group C
Destroyer Inconstant (ex Turkish - Muavenet) (H 49) - Lt.Cdr. John Henry Eaden, RN

Escort Group E
Escort Destroyer HMS Blankney (L 30) - Lt.Cdr. Douglas Henry Reid Bromley, RN
Escort Destroyer HMS Blencathra (L 24) - Lt. Edgar George Warren, RN
Escort Destroyer HMS Brecon (L 76) - Lt.Cdr. Terence Desmond Herrick, RN
Escort Destroyer HMS Brissenden (L 79) - Lt. David Creagh Beatty, RN
Escort Destroyer HMS Hambledon (L 37) - Lt.Cdr. Gordon Wylie McKendrick, RN

Escort Group P
Escort Destroyer HMS Aldenham (L 22) - A/Lt.Cdr. John Ivor Jones, RNR
Escort Destroyer HMS Beaufort (L 14) - Lt. John Ronald Lawson Moore, RN
Escort Destroyer HMS Exmoor (II) (L 08) - Lt. Donald Terry McBarnet, RN

Escort Group Q
Escort Destroyer HMS Dulverton (L 63) - Cdr. Stuart Austen Buss, RN
Escort Destroyer HMS Tetcott (L 99) - Lt.Cdr. Henry Richard Rycroft, RN
Escort Destroyer HMS Belvoir (L 32) - Lt. John Fitzroy Duyland Bush, RN

Escort Group R
Escort Destroyer HMS Easton (L 09) - Lt.Cdr. Charles Wickham Malins, RN

Escort Group S
Destroyer HMS Viceroy (D 91) - Lt. Thomas Frederick Hallifax, RN
Escort Destroyer HMS Cleveland (L 46) - Lt. James Kenneth Hamilton, RN
Escort Destroyer HMS Ledbury (L 90) - Lt. Denis Roy Newton Murdoch, RN
Escort Destroyer HMS Tynedale (L 96) - Lt.Cdr. James John Simon Yorke, RN
Escort Destroyer HMS Farndale (L 70) - Cdr. David Percy Trentham, RN
Escort Destroyer HMS Puckeridge (L 108) - Lt. John Cecil Cartwright, RN
Escort Destroyer ORP Krakowiak (a folk dance from Krakow) (ex HMS Silverton) (L 115) - Kpt.Mar. Jan Tchorznicki, ORP

Escort Group T
Escort Destroyer HMS Liddesdale (L 100) - Lt.Cdr. Angus Alexander Mackenzie, RNR
Escort Destroyer HMS Holcombe (L 56) - Cdr. Sidney Hugh Pinchin, RN

Escort Group U
Escort Destroyer HMS Quantock (L 58) - Lt.Cdr. Richard George Lovell Pennell, RN
Escort Destroyer HMS Brocklesby (L 42) - Lt. Kenneth Rupert Simpson Leadlay, RN

Escort Group V
Destroyer HMS Woolston (L 49) - Lt. Frederick William Hawkins, RN
Destroyer HMS Wanderer (D 74) - Lt.Cdr. Reginald Fife Whinney, RN

Escort Group W
Escort Destroyer HMS Eggesford (L 15) - Lt.Cdr. Derek William Austin, RN
Escort Destroyer HMS Whaddon (L 45) - T/A/Lt.Cdr. Robert Lucas Green, RNVR
Escort Destroyer HMS Oakley (II) (L 98) - Lt.Cdr. Tristram Anthony Pack-Beresford, RN

Escort Group X
Escort Destroyer HMS Wheatland (L 122) - Lt.Cdr. Ronald de Leighton Brooke, RN - SBF.1
Escort Destroyer HMS Wilton (L 128) - Lt. Adrian Paul Northey, RN - Algiers to Beach Head in Sicily

Escort Group Y
Escort Destroyer HMS Atherstone (L 05) - Lt.Cdr. Ernest Norman Wood, RNVR

59th Destroyer Division
Escort Destroyer HMS Haydon (L 75) - Lt.Cdr. Roland Chisnell Watkin, RN

Escort Destroyer HHelMS Pindos (ex HMS Bolebroke) (L 65)
Escort Destroyer HHelMS Adrias (ex HMS Border) (L 67)
Escort Destroyer HHelMS Kanaris (ex HMS Hatherleigh) (L 53)
Escort Destroyer HHelMS Miaoulis (ex HMS Modbury) (L 91)
Escort Destroyer HHelMS Themistocles (ex HMS Bramham) (L 51)
Escort Destroyer ORP Slazak (L 26) - Kmdr.Ppor. Romuald Nalecz-Tyminski, ORP

Sloop HMS Shoreham (L 32 / U 32) - Cdr. Eric Hewitt, RNR
Sloop HMS Chanticleer (U 05) - Lt.Cdr. Robert Henry Bristowe, RN
Sloop HMS Crane (U 23) - Lt.Cdr. Ralph Grosvenor Jenkins, RN
Sloop HMS Cygnet II (U 38) - Lt.Cdr. Francis Babington Proudfoot, RN
Sloop HMS Erne (U 03) - Lt.Cdr. Evelyn David John Abbot, RN
Pheasant
Whimbrel
Sloop HMIS Jumna (U 21)
Sloop HMIS Sutlej (U95)

Frigate HMS Bann (K 256) - Lt.Cdr. Frank Arthur Shaw, RNR
Frigate HMS Dart (K 21) - Lt.Cdr. James Hutchinson Wright, RNR
Frigate HMS Plym (K 271) - T/A/Lt.Cdr. Alan Foxall, RNR
Frigate HMS Test (K 239) - Lt.Cdr. Frank Bentley Collinson, RNR
Frigate HMS Teviot (K 222) - Lt.Cdr. Thomas Taylor, RN
Frigate HMS Trent (K 243) - T/A/Lt.Cdr. James Gavin Rankin, RNR

Corvette HMS Bluebell (K 80) - Lt. Geoffrey Herbert Walker, RNVR
Corvette HMS Bryony (K 192) - T/Lt. Thomas Hand, RNR
Corvette HMS Camellia (K 31) - T/Lt. Reginald Frederick James Maberley, RNVR - KMS.19
Corvette HMS Convolvulus (K 45) -A/Lt.Cdr. Richard Francis Roger Yarde-Buller, RNVR
Corvette HMS Delphinium (K 77) - Lt.Cdr. Vivian Funge Smith, RNR
Corvette HMS Dianella (ex-HMS Daffodil) (K 07) - T/Lt. James Gavin Rankin, RNR
Corvette HMS Honeysuckle (K 27) - Lt. Henry Herbert Dietrich MacKillican, RNR
Corvette HMS Hyacinth (K 84) - Lt.Cdr. John Douglas Hayes, RN - MKS.16
Corvette HMS Hyderabad (RIN) (ex HMS Nettle) (K 212) - T/Lt. Thomas Cooper, RNR
Lotus
Oxlip
Pentstemon
Poppy
Primula
Rhododendron
Starwort
Vetch
HHelMS Sakhtouris (Greek)

Cutter Banff and Fishguard

Minesweepers Gawler, Lismore, Ipswich, Maryborough, Geraldton, Cairns, Cessnock and Wollongong (all reach.) and a total of 25 more

Gunboat HNLMS Flores
Gunboat HNLMS Soemba

In the Gulf of Sirte, , the WARSPITE division of Force H RVed with the NELSON (CinC Force H), RODNEY, INDOMITABLE (FS Rear Admiral Lumley Lyster), light cruisers CLEOPATRA and EURYALUS and destroyers OFFA, PANTHER, QUAIL, QUEENBOROUGH, QUILLIAM (D 4), TROUBRIDGE, TUMULT, TYRIAN and ORP PIORUN.

07/09/43 July Force H Carrying out diversionary operation north of Crete and covered passage of convoys to Central Mediterranean for planned assault landings.
07/09/43 Force H joins HM Battleships Nelson, Rodney and HM Fleet Aircraft Carrier Indomitable, Light Cruisers HMS Aurora (12) and HMS Penelope (97) in Gulf of Sirte to cover the assault phase of Sicily invasion against interference from Italian surface units.


07/09/43 (Friday) (D-1)
07/09/43 03:00 - 07/10/43 02:00 Force Z (Force H Division 3) saills from Algiers, Algeria to operational area between Sardinia and Sicily (approximately 38-30N, 11E) Vice Admiral Arthur John Power (aboard HMS King George V)
(Force Z was to provide distant cover for Operation HUSKY assault convoys, to provide a show of force to suggest an American attack on Sardinia and Corsica and to reinforce the Eastern Task Force should it suffer casualties)
(During the afternoon of D-1 an unseasonable force 7 north-westerly gale blew up and the smaller craft were tossed about like corks. 07/10/43 itself the Canadians and Americans landed in very rough conditions suffering the double discomfort of seasickness and a drenching through to the skin. The British conditions on the leeward side of the island were better as the landing craft moved inshore. However these unfavourable conditions had a beneficial side effect, the enemy relaxed their guard in the mistaken belief that a landing in such conditions was most unlikely and initial resistance was consequently less than expected.
Battleship HMS King George V (41) (F) - Capt. Thomas Edgar Halsey, RN
Battleship HMS Howe (32) - Capt. Charles Henry Lawrence Woodhouse, RN
Light Anti-aircraft Cruiser HMS Dido (37) - Capt. John Terry, RN
Light Anti-aircraft Cruiser HMS Sirius (82) - Capt. Patrick William Beresford Brooking, RN
Destroyer HMS Jervis (F.00) - Capt. Anthony Follett Pugsley, RN
Destroyer HMS Panther (G41) - Lt.Cdr. Robert William Jocelyn, RN - 4th Destroyer Flotilla
Destroyer HMS Pathfinder (G10) - Cdr. Edward Albert Gibbs, RN - 4th Destroyer Flotilla
Destroyer HMS Penn (G 77) - Lt.Cdr. James Hamilton Swain, RN
Destroyer HMS Paladin (G 69) - Lt.Cdr. Lawrence St George Rich, RN
Destroyer HMS Petard (G 56) - Lt.Cdr. Rupert Cyril Egan, RN
06:00 Force H (Division 1 and Division 2) join in the Gulf of Sirte (240 miles south east of Malta) to provide distant cover for Operation HUSKY.
Licata Attack Force (JOSS Force) (CTF-86 (Combined Task Force 86)) LCI convoys leave the staging port of Sousse, Tunisia.
07:30 Force H detaches ships for Operation ARSENAL then moves into the Ionian Sea manoeuvring so as to appear to threaten the west coast of Greece
Operation ARSENAL (the naval bombardment of Catania)
Light Cruiser HMS Aurora (12) (F) - Capt. Sir William Gladstone Agnew, RN
Light Anti-aircraft Cruiser HMS Penelope (97) - Capt. George Devereux Belben, RN
Destroyer HMS Inglefield (D 02) - A/Cdr. Charles Fraser Harrington Churchill, RN - 8th Destroyer Flotilla
Destroyer HMS Offa (G29) - Lt.Cdr. Rowland Francis Leonard, RN - 4th Destroyer Flotilla
08:00 USS Monrovia (APA-31) (FF) position Lat. 33° 52' N., Long. 13° 34' E., speed 14 knots, zig-zag Plan No. 10. Wind and sea changed to westward and increased to Force 3.
16:00 Wind is recorded as Force 6. Convoy TJM-1 40 LST and Convoy TJF-1 2 LSI(S) and 54 LCI(L) rendezvous and later make landfall 270° 5 miles from Gozo Island light (Malta) then proceeding northwestward
17:00 LST and LCT convoys turned North into the Approach
18:00 Convoy TJM-1 40 LST and Convoy TJF-1 2 LSI(S) and 54 LCI(L) rendezvous with the LCT movement convoy (Convoy TJS-1) near the meridian of 14° East from there the approach was made toward Licata, Sicily.
16:30 Gozo (Malta) sighted by USS Monrovia (APA-31) (FF)
16:45 Wind is judged to be Force 6/7. Wind force has set LST and LCI(L)'s to Southward and Eastward. LCT's slowed considerably.
18:50 The first section of NCF-1 was routed through the Gozo (Malta) rendezvous in order that it might follow closely behind Convoy KMF.18 (British) and yet pass the North Gozo tangent in time to allow the second section to remain on an adequate schedule. On and after 18:50 the same day the combat loaders were to pass through that point.
19:32 CTF-86 authorizes expenditure of up to 80% of ammunition on railway batteries located on the mole at Licata. JOSS sweepers directed to cancel sweeping operations until daylight of D-Day.
19:40 Birmingham & Brooklyn, with escorts, joined JOSS formation and steer directly for submarine reference vessel at 6 1/2 knots.
22:20 Licata Attack Force (JOSS Force) sights flares, gun and bomb flashes from beach on starboard bow.
22:30 Wind lessened to approximately Force 4.
22:35 Scoglitti Attack Force (CENT Force) sights flashes, fires and flares toward beaches.
22:57 Scoglitti Attack Force (CENT Force) turns off to approach transport area.
23:57 AA fire, flares and fires on beach, as a result of bombing attack, sighted by all Attack Forces. Licata, Gela and Scoglitti afire, great amount of AA clearly visible.
HUSKY I
Led by Col. James Maurice "Slim Jim" Gavin, the 505th PIR (Parachute Infantry Regiment), and the 3rd Battalion of the 504th PIR (both batallions of US 82nd Airborne Division) were organized into a Regimental Combat Team. This is first US regimental size combat parachute attack as it landed behind enemy lines at Gela, Sicily.
Their first objective was to close off roads leading to the beaches and secure the drop zone for HUSKY II. They were also to take out a series of 16 concrete "pillboxes" which controlled movement on the nearby roads. Under a nearly full moon the paratroopers crossed over the Sicilian coast on schedule and jumped on their assigned drop zone. The paratroopers were widely scattered, but were able to gather into small groups to harass the enemy.


07/10/43 (Saturday) (D day)
Convoy NCF-1
Gela Attack Force (DIME Force) (CTF-81 (Combined Task Force 81)) assault forces in 4 APA, 3 XAP, and 2 AKA, carrying 7 days maintenance plus 2 1/3 units of fire for assault troops, including US 82nd Airborne Division. (approx. 4700 tons).
Scoglitti Attack Force (CENT Force) (CTF-85 (Combined Task Force 85)) assault forces in 1 AGC, 7 APA, 6 XAP and 5 AKA, carrying 21 days maintenance plus 10 units of fire for troops mounted in the U.S. (approximately 10,900 tons)..
KOOL Force (U.S. 7th Army Reserve) assault forces in USS Orizaba (AP-24) and USS Chateau Thierry (AP-31).
Convoy TC-1 Scoglitti Attack Force (CENT Force) - assault forces in 14 LST, 8 LCT, and 6 LCI(L), carrying 7 days maintenance plus 2 1/3 units of fire from North Africa (approximately 2,400 tons).
Convoy TD-1 Gela Attack Force (DIME Force) - assault forces in 16 LST and 19 LCI(L) carrying personnel and vehicles. HQ U.S.A. 7th Army along with 7 days maintenance plus 2 1/3 units of fire.
Convoy TJ-1 Licata Attack Force (JOSS Force) - assault forces in 2 LSI(S), 40 LST, 85 LCT, and 54 LCI(L), carrying 7 days maintenance (approx. 6,900 tons) plus 2 1/3 units of fire, personnel, and vehicles.
Convoy TK-1 KOOL Force (U.S. 7th Army Reserve) - assault forces in 6 LST, 7 LCT, and 27 LCI(L), carrying personnel and vehicles and 21 days maintenance and 4 2/3 units of fire less amounts in 1st Follow-up (Convoy NCS-1).
Force H (Division 1 and Division 2) move closer to Sicily and the invasion beaches. And at daylight is patroling approximately 40 miles off Cape Passero. Ships from Operation ARSENAL rejoin Force H (Division 1 and Division 2).
07/10/43 Force H provides air cover during landings and build-up phases.
07/10/43 Part of Force H deployed in Ionian Sea to prevent interference by Italian Navy during landings in Sicily (Operation HUSKY).
07/10/43 02:45 H Hour two hours before first light
This time had been fixed by the fact that it required the paraTroops about three hours from dropping time to assemble and carry out their mission of softening the beach defences. This despite the fact that the assault forces needed to approach the coastline under cover of darkness. But an examination of the Astronomical Data revealed no such darkness. On the contrary the assault forces were required to make the approach under a brilliant waxing moon which would not set until the vessels had hove-to in the Initial Transport Areas immediately under the coast defence guns of the enemy. These facts were well known to the naval planners who pointed out the fact that the moon phase selected was most unfavourable from naval considerations. The date, However, was not changed because it was reiterated that this phase was most favourable to dropping of the paraTroops that were the only means available to "neutralize the beach defences opposing the seaborne assaults, the most vital part of the whole plan'. In the event the American paratroopers objective became the seizure of high ground around Gela and the capture of the airfield at Ponte Olivo)
approximately 02:00 Force Z arrives in their operational position, approximately 38-30N, 11E.
The Light Cruisers HMS Aurora (12) and HMS Penelope (97) joined the force after detaching from convoy KMS.18B. Force H then steered a northerly course towards the Ionian Sea.
07:30
Aurora, Penelope, Offa and Inglefield detached and proceeded towards the east of Sicily to carry out a bombardment of Catania. (Operation ARSENAL). Force H then moved into the Ionian Sea and manoeuvred so as to appear to threaten the west coast of Greece. This was done to divert the enemy's attention away from Sicily. They also provided distant cover for the combined convoys, MWF.36 (Ex Port Said 5/7/43) and MWS.36 (Ex Alexandria 3/7/43), SBS.1 (slow), SBM.1 (Malta), SBF.1 (Ex Sfax 8/7/43) and MWS.36X (Ex Tripoli 8/7/43) consisting of MT freighters, tankers, landing ships and landing craft for the invasion of Sicily, Operation HUSKY.
07/10/43 Saturday - 07/13/43 Tuesday - Convoy MWF.37 from Port Said to Malta (Via Operation Husky)
Troopship SS Almanzora (CW) 15,551 tons
Troopship SS Aronda (CW) 9,031 tons
Troopship SS City of Canterbury (CW) 8,331 tons
Troopship SS Egra (CW) 5,108 tons
Troopship SS Empire Trooper (CW) 14,106 tons
Hospital Ship HMHS Karoa (CW) 7,009 tons
Troopship SS Koœciuszko (ex Czaritza or Tsarina ex Lituania) (Poland) 6,852 tons
Troopship SS Léopoldville (Belgium) 11,509 tons
Troopship SS Orbita (CW) 15,495 tons
Troopship SS Rajula (CW) 8,478 tons
Transport SS Rohna (CW) 8,602 tons
Transport SS Takliwa (CW) 7,936 tons


07/12/43 (Sunday) (D+2)


07/11/43 (Sunday) (D+1) Liberty Ship USS Robert Rowan (USAT 0904) 7,176 tons Ammo & 348 Troops. Sunk by German Ju-88 bomber.
HUSKY II
The 1st and 2nd Battalions of the 504th PIR (Parachute Infantry Regiment), US 82nd Airborne Division, led by Col. Reuben Henry "The Little Colonel" Tucker III loaded their C-47 aircraft and take off for Sicily from Kairouan, Tunisia. Near the Sicilian coast naval vessels and shore troops mistaking the C-47 transports for German bombers open fire. 23 C-47's are shot down. Eighty-one troopers were killed, including the assistant division commander, Brigadier General Charles Keerans. Planeloads of paratroopers are forced to exit far from their intended drop zones.
By morning, 400 of the Regiment's 1600 soldiers had reached their objective area. The others have been dropped in isolated groups on all parts of the island. Where they carried out demolitions, cut lines of communication, established island roadblocks, ambushed German and Italian motorized columns. This caused so much confusion over such an etensive area that initial German radio reports estimated the number of American parachutists dropped to be over ten times the actual number.
07/12/43
Covering Force deployed to prevent any attempt by Italian Fleet units to interfere with landings. (Note: Covering Force comprised HM Battleships Rodney, Nelson, Warspite, Valiant, HM Aircraft Carriers Indomitable and Formidable, HM Cruisers Aurora, Cleopatra, Penelope and Euryalus screened by HM Destroyers Quilliam, Quail. Queenborough, Isis, Faulknor, Echo, Fury, Intrepid, Raider, Eclipse, Inglefield, Ilex, Troubridge, Tumult, Tyrian, Offa, ORP Piorun and Greek RHS Vasilissa Olga)


07/14/43 (Wednesday) (D+4)
Convoy NCF-2 4 troop ships, carrying remainder of KOOL Forces.
Convoy NCS-1 7 store ships carrying remainder 21 days maintenance (approx. 9,700 tons) and 4 2/3 units of fire. for KOOL Forces.
Convoy NCS-2 1st Follow-up
DIME Force - 10 store ships carrying 7 days maintenance (approx. 7,600 tons) plus 1 1/6 units of fire and remanaing troops of US 82nd Airborne Division.
CENT Force - 7 store ships loaded in U.S. (ex-UGS-10), carrying remainder of 21 days maintenance plus 10 units of fire for US 45th Infintry Division, vehicles, and supplies.
Convoy TC-2 CENT Force assault forces in 8 LST, 4 LCI(L), and 2 coasters. Craft carrying personnel and vehicles; coasters carrying 7 days maintenance plus 1 1/6 units of fire (approx. 3,800 tons) for assault troops and 1st Follow-up for troops loaded in North Africa.
Convoy TD-2 DIME Force - 10 LST, 12 LCI(L), carrying personnel and vehicles.
Convoy TJ-2 JOSS Force - 2 LSI(S), 22 LST, 28 LCT, 34 LCI(L), and 4 coasters. LSI carrying troops; craft carrying personnel and vehicles; coasters carrying 7 days maintenance (approx. 7,800 tons) plus 1 1/6 units of fire.
MTBron 15 and TG-80.7 Are ordered to operate against enemy shipping in the West Sicilian area, including Palermo.


07/16/43 (Friday) (D+6) HM Aircraft Carrier Indomitable Torpedoed by aircraft which had been wrongly identified during air attacks as a naval SWORDFISH returning to carrier. Repair arranged in USA.


07/18/43 (Sunday) (D+8)
Convoy NCS-3 7 store ships and 1 tanker, carrying 14 days maintenance (approx. 12,800 tons) plus 2 1/3 units of fire for DIME Troops in assault, 1st and 2nd Follow-ups, including US 82nd Airborne Division. Tanker carrying approximately 660 tons 100 octane gasoline.
Convoy TC-3 CENT Force - 6 LST, 3 LCI(L), and 2 coasters. Craft carrying personnel and vehicles; coasters 7 days maintenance plus 1 1/6 units of fire (approx. 3,600 tons) for troops in assault, 1st and 2nd Follow-ups from North Africa.
Convoy TD-3 DIME Force - 11 LST and 23 LCI(L), carrying personnel and vehicles.
Convoy TJ-3 JOSS Force - 15 LST, 24 LCI(L), and 5 coasters. Craft carrying personnel and vehicles. Coasters carrying 7 days maintenance (approx. 8600 tons) and 1 1/6 units of fire for troops in assault, 1st and 2nd Follow-up.
To Syracusa, Sicily 1 AP carrying port depot parties, 2 store ships carrying 7 days maintenance (approx. 500 tons) for 2,550 troops, and 2 LST carrying vehicles and personnel for depot parties.


07/24/43 (Saturday) (D+14)
Convoy NCS-1 KOOL Force - 7 store ships carrying remainder 21 days maintenance (approx. 9,700 tons) and 4 2/3 units of fire.
Convoy NCF-2 KOOL Force - 4 troop ships, carrying remainder of KOOL Forces.
Convoy NCS-4 DIME Force - 1 tanker carrying approximately 660 tons 100 octane gasoline.
Convoy TC-4 CENT Force - 2 coasters, 7 days maintenance plus 3 1/3 units of fire (approx. 3,600 tons) for Troops in assault, 1st and 2nd Follow-ups from North Africa.
Convoy TJ-4 JOSS Force - 4 coasters carrying 7 days maintenance (approx. 8,600 tons) plus 2 1/3 units of fire for troops in assault, 1st and 2nd Follow-up.
To Syracusa, Sicily 4 cargo ships, (ex-UGS-11) carrying 21 days maintenance supplies (approx. 22,000 tons) and 4 units of fire, less amounts carried in 7 other ships in UGS-11 convoy.


08/04/43 (Wednesday) (D+25)
JOSS Force - 4 coasters carrying maintenance supplies (approx. 6,000 tons) for troops.


USA Naval Forces
Landing Areas: Gela, Scoglitti, and Licata.
0 Battleships
0 Carriers
5 Light Cruisers
Light Cruiser USS Philadelphia (CL-41) (F) - Cdr. Gordon Josiah Crosby, USN
Light Cruiser USS Savannah (CL-42) - Capt. Robert Webster Carey
Light Cruiser USS Boise (CL-47) - Capt. Leo Hewlett Thebaud, USN
Light Cruiser USS Birmingham (CL-62) - Capt. John Wilkes, USN
Light Cruiser USS Brooklyn (CL-40) - Capt. Humbert William Ziroli, USN
48 Destroyers
0 Submarines
48 Other warships
94 Troopships, supply ships, LSIs etc.
190 Landing Ships and Craft (major)
Totals
435 USN
Plus Landing Craft (minor)
510 USN

Overall Allied Commander - General Dwight David EisenHower
15th Army Group - General Harold Rupert Leofric George Alexander (British Army)

Forces landing
U.S. 7th Army - Lieutenant General George Smith "Blood and Guts" Patton Jr., USA - 66,000 Troops
U.S. II Corps - Lieutenant General Omar Nelson "Brad" Bradley, USA

British Eighth Army - General Sir Bernard Law Montgomery - 115,000 British & Canadian Troops
British 13th Corps - Lieutenant General Miles Christopher Dempsey
British 30th Corps - Lieutenant-General Oliver Leese

Naval Commander - Admiral Andrew Browne Cunningham
Western Naval Task Force - Vice Admiral Henry Kent Hewitt, USN
Departure from: United States, Algeria, Tunisia

Beacon Submarines
Submarine HMS Seraph (P 219) (CENT); Submarine HMS Shakespeare (P 221) (DIME); Submarine HMS Safari (P 211) (JOSS).

July 28, 1943 TF-88 (Task Force 88) - Rear Admiral Lyal Ament Davidson, USN (ComCruDiv 8 (Commanding Cruiser Division 8))
CruDiv 8 (Cruiser Division 8)
Light Cruiser USS Philadelphia (CL-41) (F) - Cdr. Gordon Josiah Crosby, USN
Light Cruiser USS Savannah (CL-42) - Capt. Robert Webster Carey
Light Cruiser USS Boise (CL-47) - Capt. Leo Hewlett Thebaud, USN

Monitor HMS Abercrombie (F 109) - Capt. George Vivian Barnett Faulkner, RN

DesRon 7 (Destroyer Squadron 7) Available when not required as escorts for convoys
Destroyer USS Charles Peshall Plunkett (DD 431) (F) - Cdr. Edward Joseph Burke, USN
DesDiv 13 (Destroyer Division 13)
Destroyer USS William Shepherd Benson (DD-421) - Lt.Cdr. Ronald Joseph Woodman, USN
Destroyer USS Albert Gleaves (DD-423) - Lt.Cdr. Byron Lawrence Gurnette, USN

DesRon 8 (Destroyer Squadrom 8)
DesDiv 16 (Destroyer Division 16)

Destroyer USS Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright (DD-419) (F) - Lt.Cdr. Robert Henry Gibbs, USN
Destroyer USS Alexander Colden Rhind (DD-404) - Lt. Cmdr Otto William Spahr, Jr., USN
Destroyer USS Stephen Clegg Rowan (DD-405) - Lt.Cdr. Robert Stephens Ford, USN
Destroyer USS John Trippe (DD-403) - Cdr. Robert Dolan Williams, Sr., USN

DesRon 13 (Destroyer Squadrom 13)
DesDiv 25 (Destroyer Division 25)

Destroyer USS Augustus C. Ludlow (DD-438) - Lt.Cdr. Liles Walker Creighton, USN
Destroyer USS Thomas Alva Edison (DD-439) - Lt.Cdr. Hepburn Alcott Pearce, USN
Destroyer USS Mark Lambert Bristol (DD-453) - Lt.Cdr. John Albert Glick, USN

DesRon 15 (Destroyer Squadrom 15)
DesDiv 29 (Destroyer Division 29)
Destroyer USS William Mervine ( DD-489) (F) - Lt.Cdr. Dale Roderick Frakes, USN
Destroyer USS John Henry Quick (DD-490) - Lt.Cdr. Philip Winslow Cann, USN
Destroyer USS Gregory Caldwell Davidson (DD-618) - Lt.Cdr. Walter Coulter Winn, USN
Destroyer USS Frank Edmund Beatty (DD-640) - Lt.Cdr. William Outerson, USN
Destroyer USS Benjamin Ryan Tillman (DD-641) - Lt.Cdr. Francis Douglas McCorkle, USN
DesDiv 30 (Destroyer Division 30)
Destroyer USS Thomas Jefferson Cowie (DD-632) (F) - Lt.Cdr. Charles Jonathan Whiting, USN
Destroyer USS Austin Melvin Knight (DD-633) - Lt.Cdr. Joel Clarence Ford, Jr., USN
Destroyer USS John James Doran (DD-634) - Lt.Cdr. Norman Ernest Smith, USN
Destroyer USS Ralph Earle (DD-635) - Lt.Cdr. Hamilton Wilcox Howe, USN

DesRon 16 (Destroyer Squadron 16) - Capt. Charles John Cater, USN
DesDiv 31 (Destroyer Division 31)
Destroyer USS Foxhall Alexander Parker (DD-604) (F) - Lt.Cdr. John William Bays, USN
Destroyer USS Charles S. Kendrick (DD-612) - Lt.Cdr. Cecil Tilman Caulfield, USN
Destroyer USS Henry Laub (DD-613) - Lt.Cdr. John Francis Gallaher, USN
Destroyer USS Alexander Slidell Mackenzie (DD-614) - Lt.Cdr. Daniel Byrd Miller, USN
Destroyer USS Tenant McLanahan (DD-615) - Lt.Cdr. Harry Reid Hummer, Jr., USN (to TG-80.1 Force Flagship)
DesDiv 32 (Destroyer Division 32)
Destroyer USS Thomas Boyle (DD-600) (F) - Lt.Cdr. Benjamin Prince Field ,Jr., USN
Destroyer USS Stephen Champlin (DD-601) - Lt.Cdr. Charles Leroy Melson, USN
Destroyer USS Henry C. Nields (DD-616) - Lt.Cdr. Albert Rossville Heckey, USN
Destroyer USS John Ordronaux (DD-617) - Lt.Cdr. Robert J. Brodie, Jr., USN (Ordronaux was assigned a squadron of torpedo boats to patrol outside a minefield off Porto Empedocle)

DesRon 17 (Destroyer Squadron 17) - Capt. Dashiell Livingston Madeira, USN
DesDiv 33 (Destroyer Division 33)
Destroyer USS John McLeod Murphy (DD-603) - Lt.Cdr. Leonard Scott Bailey, USNR
Destroyer USS James Henry Glennon (DD-620) - Lt.Cdr. Floyd Charles Camp, USN
Destroyer USS William Nicholson Jeffers (DD-621) - Lt.Cdr. William Thomas McGarry, USN
Destroyer USS William Alfred Truman Maddox (DD 622) - Lt.Cdr. Eugene Sylvester Sarsfield, USN
Destroyer USS Charles Preston Nelson (DD-623) (F) - Lt.Cdr. Munro Marvin Riker, USN
DesDiv 34 (Destroyer Division 34)
Destroyer USS Smedley Darlington Butler (DD-636) (F) - Lt.Cdr. Mitchell Dudley Matthews, USN - Available until 08/06/43
Destroyer USS Bancroft Gherardi (DD-637) - Lt.Cdr. John William Schmidt, USN - Available until 08/06/43
Destroyer USS William Lewis Herndon (DD-638) - Cdr. Granville Alexander Moore, USN
Destroyer USS William Bradford Shubrick (DD-639) - Lt.Cdr. Louis Allen Bryan, USN (Bombed)

MinDiv 13 (Minesweeper Division 13) - Cdr. William Leroy Messmer, USN
Minesweeper USS Staff (AM-114) - Lt.Cdr. Ralph Thomas McDaniel, USNR
Minesweeper USS Skill (AM-115) - Lt.Cdr. Edward Julius Kevern, USNR
Minesweeper USS Speed (AM-116) - Lt.Cdr. Herbert A. Peterson, USN
Minesweeper USS Strive (AM-117) - Lt.Cdr. John Laurence Maloney, USN
Minesweeper USS Steady (AM-118) - Lt.Cdr. F. W. Maennle, USNR (with TG-81.8 Sweeper Group)
Minesweeper USS Sustain (AM-119) - (F) - Lt.Cdr. Morgan Hamilton Harris, USNR (with TG-81.8 Sweeper Group)

Minesweeper USS YMS-62
Minesweeper USS YMS-69
Minesweeper USS YMS-207
Minesweeper USS YMS-208
Minesweeper USS YMS-226
Minesweeper USS YMS-227

MTBron 15 (17 PT) (PT-201 - PT-2018) - Cdr. Stanley M. Barnes, USN
14 PTs

Landing Craft
2 LSTs
10 LCI(L)s Due to damage in action, replacements made were 3 LSTs and 5 LCTs
7 LCTs

Escort Craft
4 PCs Due to damage in action 2 PCs were replaced 6 SCs 4 Minesweeper YMSs

Western Naval Task Force
U.S. Seventh Army - Lieutenant General George Smith Patton,Jr., USA - 66,000 Troops
1sr Ranger Battalion
3rd Ranger Battalion
4th Ranger Battalion
70th Tank Battalion
753th Tank Battalion
601st Tank Destroyer Battalion
813th Tank Destroyer Battalion (2 platoons)
39th Engineer Regiment
39th Engineer Shore Regiment
5th Armored Artilery Group (58th Armored Field Artilery Battalion, 62nd Armored Field Artilery Battalion, and 65th Armored Field Artilery Battalion)
17th Artilery Regiment
36th Artilery Regiment
77th Artilery Regiment
178th Artilery Regiment
Free French 4th Moroccan Tabor

KOOL Force (Western Task Force RESERVE)
Attack Transport USS Chateau Thierry (AP-31) 9,050 tons
Attack Transport USS Orizaba (AP-24) 11,293 tons

Combat Command B, Second Armored Division
18th Infantry Regiment, 1st Infantry Division

The Shore Party organization adopted by the 7th Army consisted of::
CENT Force - 40th Combat Engineer Regiment (3 Battalions)
DIME Force - 531st Engineer Shore Regiment
JOSS Force - 36th Combat Engineer Regiment (3 Battalions)
KOOL Force - 540th Combat Engineer Regiment (2 Battalions)


U.S.A. 2nd Corps - Lieutenant General Omar Nelson "Brad" Bradley, USA
US 1st Infantry Division - Major General Terry de la Mesa Allen Sr., USA (08/07/43 replaced by Major General Clarence R. Huebner, USA)
16th Infantry Regiment
18th Infantry Regiment
26th Infantry Regiment
5th Field Artilery Battalion
7th Field Artilery Battalion
32nd Field Artilery Battalion
33rd Field Artilery Battalion
1st Engineer Combat Regiment
1st Reconnaissance Troop

U.S. Provisional Corps

CruDiv 8 (Cruiser Division 8)
Light Cruiser USS Philadelphia (CL-41) (F) - Cdr. Gordon Josiah Crosby, USN (with TG-85.3 Fire Support Group)
Light Cruiser USS Savannah (CL-42) - Capt. Robert Webster Carey
Light Cruiser USS Boise (CL-47) - Capt. Leo Hewlett Thebaud, USN

DesRon 17 (Destroyer Squadron 17) - Capt. Dashiell Livingston Madeira, USN
DesDiv 33 (Destroyer Division 33) - Lt.Cdr. Leonard Scott Bailey, USNR
Destroyer USS Charles Preston Nelson (DD-623) (F) - Lt.Cdr. Munro Marvin Riker, USN
Destroyer USS John McLeod Murphy (DD-603) - Lt.Cdr. Leonard Scott Bailey, USNR
Destroyer USS James Henry Glennon (DD-620) - Lt.Cdr. Floyd Charles Camp, USN
Destroyer USS William Nicholson Jeffers (DD-621) - Lt.Cdr. William Thomas McGarry, USN (with TG-81.5 Fire Support)
Destroyer USS William Alfred Truman Maddox (DD 622) - Lt.Cdr. Eugene Sylvester Sarsfield, USN
DesDiv 34 (Destroyer Division 34) - Lt.Cdr. John William Schmidt, USN
Destroyer USS Smedley Darlington Butler (DD-636) (F) - Lt.Cdr. Mitchell Dudley Matthews, USN
Destroyer USS Bancroft Gherardi (DD-637) - Lt.Cdr. John William Schmidt, USN
Destroyer USS William Lewis Herndon (DD-638) - Cdr. Granville Alexander Moore, USN
Destroyer USS William Bradford Shubrick (DD-639) - Lt.Cdr. Louis Allen Bryan, USN (Bombed) (with TG-81.5 Fire Support)


07/05/43 (Monday) (D-5) - 07/10/43 (Saturday) (D Day) Convoy NCF-1 from: Oran, Algeria to: Operation HUSKY
07/10/43 (in convoy NCF-1), the assault forces in 4 APA, 3 XAP, and 2 AKA, carrying 7 days maintenance plus 2 1/3 units of fire for assault Troops, including US 82nd Airborne Division. (approx. 4,700 tons).

Attack Transport USS Barnett (APA-5) 9.750 tons - Capt. George Elmer Maynard, USN - Carrying 1st Battalion, 26th Infantry, US 1st Infantry Division
Attack Cargo Ship USS Bellatrix (AKA-3) 7,480 tons - Capt. Oliver Henderson Ritchie, USNR - Regimental cargo vessel, carrying a supplementary 5 day supply of gas, ammunition and rations as well as additional equipment that was not essential for the initial landing
Attack Transport USS Calvert (PA-32) 8,429 tons - Capt. Lyman Augustus Thackray - Carrying the 1st Battalion, 180th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS Charles Carroll (APA-28) - Cdr. Harold Biesemeier, USN - Carrying the Combat Team commander, his staff, and Troops of the 1st Battalion, 157th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS Dorothea Lynde Dix (AP-67) 6,736 tons Carrying 2nd Battalion 179th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS Elizabeth Cady Stanton (AP-69) 14,909 tons - Capt. Ross Ainsworth Dierdorff, USN - Carrying 1st Battalion, 16th Infantry, US 1st Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS Florence Nightingale (AP-70) 7,773 tons - Capt. Joseph William McColl Jr., USN - Carrying 3rd Battalion 179th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS Frederick N. Funston (AP-89) 12,093 tons - Cdr. John Edward Murphy - Carrying the 3rd Battalion, 180th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS Joseph Theodore Dickman (APA-13) 13,529 tons - Capt. Charles W. Harwood, USCG - Carrying 1st Ranger Battalion
Attack Transport USS Leonard Wood (APA-12) 13,712 tons transport (F) - Capt Merlin O'Neill, USCG - Carrying the Regimental commander, his staff, and Troops of the 1st Battalion 179th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS Mary Lyon (AP-71) 7,898 tons - Cdr. Thor C. Sorensen, USN - Carrying 2nd Battalion, 26th Infantry, US 1st Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS Neville (APA-9) 7,475 tons - Cdr. Oral Raymond Swigart, USN - Carrying the 2nd Battalion, 180th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS Thomas Jefferson (AP-60) 7,176 tons - Capt. Philip Pindell Welch, USN - Carrying 2nd Battalion, 157th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS Thurston (AP-77) 5,185 tons - Capt. Jack Ellett Hurff, USN - Carrying 2nd Battalion, 16th Infantry, US 1st Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS William Phillips Biddle (APA-8) 7,884 tons - Capt. Paul Rolland Glutting - Carrying 3rd Battalion, 157th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division
Fleet Oiler USS Niobrara (AO-72) 10,180 tons - Cdr. John William Marts, Jr., USN
Landing Ship Infntry (Small) HMS Prince Charles (4120) 2,950 tons - Cdr. Stratford Hercules Dennis, RN - Carrying half of 4th Ranger Battalion
Landing Ship Infntry (Small) HMS Prince Leopold (4251) 2,950 tons - Lt.Cdr. John Alverdus Lowe, RNR - Carrying half of 4th Ranger Battalion


CTF-81 (Combined Task Force 81) Gela Attack Force (DIME Force) - Rear Admiral John Lesslie Hall, Jr., USN
Attack Transport USS Samuel Chase (APA-56) 11,760 tons - Cdr. Robert Clarence Heimer, USCG

531st Engineer Shore Regiment

TransDiv 3 (Transport Division 3) (8 APA-AKA)
5xAPA USS Joseph T. Dickman (APA-13), USS Barnett (APA-5), USS Mary Lyon (AP-71), USS Thurston (AP-77), USS Elizabeth Cady Stanton (AP-69)
Landing Ship Infntry (Small) HMS Prince Charles and HMS Prince Leopold

Beach Identification Group
Submarine HMS Shakespeare (P 221) - Lt. Michael Frederic Roberts Ainslie, RN
Destroyer USS Cole (DD-155) - Lt.Cdr. Briscoe Chipman, USN (from DesRon 30 - DesDiv 60)

TG-81.2 (Task Group 81.2) Transport Group - Capt. Campbell D. Edgar, USN (in USS Barnett (APA-5))
Section 1 - Capt. Charles W. Harwood, USCG
Attack Transport USS Joseph Theodore Dickman (APA-13) 13,529 tons - Capt. Charles W. Harwood, USCG - Carrying 1st Ranger Battalion
Landing Ship Infntry (Small) HMS Prince Charles (4120) 2,950 tons - Cdr. Stratford Hercules Dennis, RN - Carrying half of 4th Ranger Battalion
Landing Ship Infntry (Small) HMS Prince Leopold (4251) 2,950 tons - Lt.Cdr. John Alverdus Lowe, RNR - Carrying half of 4th Ranger Battalion
Section 2 - Capt. Campbell D. Edgar, USN
Attack Transport USS Barnett (APA-5) 9.750 tons - Capt. George Elmer Maynard, USN - Carrying 1st Battalion, 26th Infantry, US 1st Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS Monrovia (ex Del Argentino) (APA-31) (FF) 8,889 tons - Capt. Thomas Baldwin Brittain, USN (Command ship for Operation HUSKY)
Attack Cargo Ship USS Oberon (AKA-14) 7,391 tons - Cdr. Ion Purcell

LCI Flotilla 2
Landing Craft Infantry (Large) USS LCI(L)-1

LCI Flotilla 3 - Lt. T. Gore, USNR - 9 LCI's
Landing Craft Infantry (Large) USS LCI(L)-81 - Lt. George F. Hutchinson, Jr., USCGR

Control Group 2
Submarine Chaser USS PC-621
3 SC (Submarine Chasers)

Section 3 - Capt. Ross Ainsworth Dierdorff, USN
Attack Transport USS Elizabeth Cady Stanton (AP-69) 14,909 tons - Capt. Ross Ainsworth Dierdorff, USN - Carrying 1st Battalion, 16th Infantry, US 1st Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS Thurston (AP-77) 5,185 tons - Capt. Jack Ellett Hurff, USN - Carrying 2nd Battalion, 16th Infantry, US 1st Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS Samuel Chase (APA-56) 11,760 tons - Cdr. Robert Clarence Heimer, USCG
Attack Cargo Ship USS Betelgeuse (AKA-11) 14,225 tons - Cdr. John Franklin Grube, USN

LCI(L) Flotilla 4 - Lt.Cdr. H. B. Taliaferro, USNR - 8 LCI's
Group Seven - Cdr Joseph A. Bresnan, USCG, aboard LCI(L)-89
Landing Craft Infantry (Large) USS LCI(L)-83 - Lt. George F. Hutchinson, Jr., USCGR
Landing Craft Infantry (Large) USS LCI(L)-84 - Lt.jg. Everett Mains, USCGR
Landing Craft Infantry (Large) USS LCI(L)-85 - Lt.jg. Coit Hendley, USCGR
Landing Craft Infantry (Large) USS LCI(L)-86 - Lt.jg Harold A. Levin, USCGR
Landing Craft Infantry (Large) USS LCI(L)-87 - Lt. John C. Whitbeck, USCG
Landing Craft Infantry (Large) USS LCI(L)-88 - Lt. William B. Cole USCGR
Landing Craft Infantry (Large) USS LCI(L)-89 (F) - Lt. Edison M. Fabian, USCGR
Landing Craft Infantry (Large) USS LCI(L)-90 - Lt.jg. William E. Stevens, USCGR
Landing Craft Infantry (Large) USS LCI(L)-91 - Lt.jg. Robert Barbee, USCGR
Landing Craft Infantry (Large) USS LCI(L)-92 - Lt. Robert M. Salmon, USCGR
Landing Craft Infantry (Large) USS LCI(L)-93 - Lt.jg. Budd B. Bornhoft, USCGR
Landing Craft Infantry (Large) USS LCI(L)-94 - Lt. Gene R. Gislason, USCGR
Landing Craft Infantry (Large) USS LCI(L)-95 - Lt.jg. Clinton Earl McAuliffe, USCG
Landing Craft Infantry (Large) USS LCI(L)-96 - Lt.jg. Marshall L. Lee, USCGR
Group Eight - Cdr Aden C. Unger, USCG, aboard the LCI(L)-321.
Landing Craft Infantry (Large) USS LCI(L)-319 - Lt.jg. Francis X. Riley, USCG
Landing Craft Infantry (Large) USS LCI(L)-320 - Lt.jg. William K. Scammel, Jr, USCG
Landing Craft Infantry (Large) USS LCI(L)-321 (F) - Lt.jg. J. E. Hollis, USCG
Landing Craft Infantry (Large) USS LCI(L)-322 - Lt.jg. Grant C. Kidston, USCG
Landing Craft Infantry (Large) USS LCI(L)-323 - Lt. William H. E. Schroeder, USCGR
Landing Craft Infantry (Large) USS LCI(L)-324 - Lt. Andrew Duncan, USCGR
Landing Craft Infantry (Large) USS LCI(L)-325 - Lt. William V. Lorimer, USCGR
Landing Craft Infantry (Large) USS LCI(L)-326 - Lt. Samuel W. Allison, USCGR
Landing Craft Infantry (Large) USS LCI(L)-349 - Lt.jg. Thomas A. Walsh, USCGR
Landing Craft Infantry (Large) USS LCI(L)-350 - Lt.jg. Pierce B. Ussell, USCGR

Control Group 3
Submarine Chaser USS PC-627
Submarine Chaser USS PC-625
Submarine Chaser USS SC-694

TG-81.3 (Task Group 81.3) LST Group - Cdr. William Dudley Wright, USN
14 LST's

TG-81.4 (Task Group 81.4) LCI Group - Capt. John H. Leppert, USN
LCI(L) Flotilla 3 - Lt.Cdr. H. B. Taliaferro, USNR

TG-81.5 (Task Group 81.5) Fire Support Groups - Capt. Leo Hewlett Thebaud, USN
Light Cruiser USS Savannah (CL-42) - Capt. Robert Webster Carey
Light Cruiser USS Boise (CL-47) - Capt. Leo Hewlett Thebaud, USN
Destroyer USS William Nicholson Jeffers (DD-621) - Lt.Cdr. William Thomas McGarry, USN (from DesRon 17 - DesDiv 33)
Destroyer USS William Bradford Shubrick (DD-639) - Lt.Cdr. Louis Allen Bryan, USN (Bombed) (from DesRon 17 - DesDiv 34)

TG-81.6 (Task Group 81.6) Screen - Capt. Dashiell Livingston Madeira, USN
DesRon 17 (Destoyer Squadron 17) - Capt. Dashiell Livingston Madeira, USN
DesDiv 33 (Destroyer Division 33) - Lt.Cdr. Leonard Scott Bailey, USNR (less USS Jeffers (DD-621) with TG-81.5 Fire Support)
Destroyer USS Charles Preston Nelson (DD-623) (F) - Lt.Cdr. Munro Marvin Riker, USN
Destroyer USS John McLeod Murphy (DD-603) - Lt.Cdr. Leonard Scott Bailey, USNR
Destroyer USS James Henry Glennon (DD-620) - Lt.Cdr. Floyd Charles Camp, USN
Destroyer USS William Alfred Truman Maddox (DD 622) - Lt.Cdr. Eugene Sylvester Sarsfield, USN
DesRon 17 (Destroyer Squadron 17) DesDiv 34 (Destroyer Division 34) - Lt.Cdr. John William Schmidt, USN (less USS Shubrick (DD-639) with TG-81.5 Fire Support)
Destroyer USS Smedley Darlington Butler (DD-636) (F) - Lt.Cdr. Mitchell Dudley Matthews, USN
Destroyer USS Bancroft Gherardi (DD-637) - Lt.Cdr. John William Schmidt, USN
Destroyer USS William Lewis Herndon (DD-638) - Cdr. Granville Alexander Moore, USN

DesRon 30 (Destroyer Squadron 30)
DesDiv 60 (Destroyer Division 60) - (Less USS Cole (DD-155) with TF-81 - Beach Identification Group)
Destroyer USS Dallas (DD-199) (F) - Cdr. Anthony Carroll Roessler, USN
Destroyer USS Bernadou (DD-153) - Lt.Cdr. Benjamin Long Edes Talman, USN


TG-81.7 (Task Group 81.7) Control Group - Lt.Cdr. Robert D. Lowther, USNR (4 PC's and 5 SC's) - Lt.Cdr. Robert Dickson Lowther, USN ?
Submarine Chaser USS PC-621
Submarine Chaser USS PC-624
Submarine Chaser USS PC-625
Submarine Chaser USS PC-627

Submarine Chaser USS SC-676
Submarine Chaser USS SC-690
Submarine Chaser USS SC-691
Submarine Chaser USS SC-692
Submarine Chaser USS SC-693
Submarine Chaser USS SC-694

TG-81.8 (Task Group 81.8) Sweeper Group - Lt.Cdr. Morgan Hamilton Harris, USNR
Minesweeper USS Steady (AM-118) - Lt.Cdr. F. W. Maennle, USNR ((from MinDiv 13)
Minesweeper USS Sustain (AM-119) - (F) - Lt.Cdr. Morgan Hamilton Harris, USNR ((from MinDiv 13)

Minesweeper USS YMS-62
Minesweeper USS YMS-69
Minesweeper USS YMS-207
Minesweeper USS YMS-208
Minesweeper USS YMS-226
Minesweeper USS YMS-227

TG-81.9 (Task Group 81.9) Salvage Group - Lt. Oscar W. Huff, USNR
Fleet Tug USS Hopi (ATF-71) - (F) - Lt. Oscar W. Huff (towing pontoon causeways)
Salvage Ship USS Brant (ARS 32) - Lt. Henry Melvin Anderson, USN
4 Harbor Tugs

Submarine Chaser USS PC-621
Submarine Chaser USS PC-624
Submarine Chaser USS PC-625
Submarine Chaser USS PC-627

Submarine Chaser USS SC-676
Submarine Chaser USS SC-690
Submarine Chaser USS SC-691
Submarine Chaser USS SC-692
Submarine Chaser USS SC-693
Submarine Chaser USS SC-694

Fleet Tug USS Hopi (ATF-71) - (F) - Lt. Oscar W. Huff, USN (towing pontoon causeways)
Rescue and Salvage Ship USS Redwing (ARS-4) - Lt.jg. Martin Conrad (Ski) Sibitzky, USN

16 LST (including 2 carrying pontoons),

19 LCI(L),


RED Beach
Attack Transport USS Joseph Theodore Dickman (APA-13) 13,529 tons - Capt. Charles W. Harwood, USCG - Carrying 1st Ranger Battalion

GREEN Beach
Landing Ship Infntry (Small) HMS Prince Charles (4120) 2,950 tons - Cdr. Stratford Hercules Dennis, RN - Carrying half of 4th Ranger Battalion
Landing Ship Infntry (Small) HMS Prince Leopold (4251) 2,950 tons - Lt.Cdr. John Alverdus Lowe, RNR - Carrying half of 4th Ranger Battalion

YELLOW Beach
Attack Transport USS - (APA-5) 9.750 tons - Capt. George Elmer Maynard, USN - Carrying 1st Battalion, 26th Infantry, US 1st Infantry Division

BLUE Beach
Attack Transport USS Mary Lyon (AP-71) 7,898 tons - Cdr. Thor C. Sorensen, USN - Carrying 2nd Battalion, 26th Infantry, US 1st Infantry Division

RED 2 Beach
Attack Transport USS Thurston (AP-77) 5,185 tons -Capt. Jack Ellett Hurff, USN - Carrying 2nd Battalion, 16th Infantry, US 1st Infantry Division

GREEN 2 Beach
Attack Transport USS Elizabeth Cady Stanton (AP-69) 14,909 tons - Capt. Ross Ainsworth Dierdorff, USN - Carrying 1st Battalion, 16th Infantry, US 1st Infantry Division


CTF-85 (Combined Task Force 85) Scoglitti Attack Force (CENT Force) - Rear Admiral Alan Goodrich Kirk, USN
TG-85.1 (Task Group 85.1 "Wood's Hole") Attack Group One - Rear Admiral Alan Goodrich Kirk, USN
US 45th Infantry Division - Maj.Gen. Troy Houston Middleton, USA
Amphibious Force Command Ship USS Ancon (AGC-4) 10,021 tons (Flagship of Cent Attack Force) - Capt. Paul Luker Mather, USN

On D day, (in convoy NCF-1), the assault forces in:
1 AGC - Amphibious Force Command Ship USS Ancon (AGC-4) 10,021 tons (Flagship of Cent Attack Force) - Capt. Paul Luker Mather, USN
7 APA, 6 XAP and 5 AKA, carrying 21 days maintenance plus 10 units of fire for Troops mounted in the U.S. (approximately 10,900 tons) - less amounts Carrying in 1st Follow-up (convoy NCS-2).

Screen - Capt. Thomas Lippitt Wattles, USN
DesRon 16 (Destroyer Squadron 16) - Capt. Thomas Lippitt Wattles, USN
DesDiv 31 (Destroyer Division 31)
Destroyer USS Foxhall Alexander Parker (DD-604) (F) - Lt.Cdr. John William Bays, USN
Destroyer USS Charles S. Kendrick (DD-612) - Lt.Cdr. Cecil Tilman Caulfield, USN
Destroyer USS Henry Laub (DD-613) - Lt.Cdr. John Francis Gallaher, USN
Destroyer USS Alexander Slidell Mackenzie (DD-614) - Lt.Cdr. Daniel Byrd Miller, USN

Minecraft - Cdr. William Leroy Messmer, USN
MinDiv 13 (Minesweeper Division 13) - Cdr. William Leroy Messmer, USN (less USS Steady (AM-118) and USS Sustain (AM-119) with TG-81.8 ) (4 AM)
Minesweeper USS Staff (AM-114) - Lt. J. H. Napier, USNR
Minesweeper USS Skill (AM-115) - Lt.Cdr. Edward Julius Kevern, USNR
Minesweeper USS Speed (AM-116) - Lt. Raymond Charles Dryer, USN
Minesweeper USS Strive (AM-117) - Lt.Cdr. J. L. Maloney (USNR?)

5 Minesweeper YMS

Beach Identification Group
Submarine HMS Seraph - Lt. Norman Limbury Auchinleck Jewell, RN
Destroyer USS Thomas Jefferson Cowie (DD-632) (F) - Lt.Cdr. Charles Jonathan Whiting, USN

TransDiv 1 (Transport Division 1) - Capt. Wallace B. Phillips, USN (3 APA, 2 AP, 2 AKA)
Attack Transport USS Leonard Wood (APA-12) 13,712 tons transport (F) - Capt. Merlin O'Neill, USCG - Carrying the Combat Team commander, his staff, and Troops of the 1st Battalion 179th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS James O'Hara (APA-90) 10,067 tons - Lt.Cdr. Charles Vern Allen, USN
Attack Transport USS Harry Lee (APA-10) 9,989 tons - Cdr. J. G. Pomeroy, USN
Attack Transport USS Dorothea Lynde Dix (AP-67) 6,736 tons - Capt. Leo B Schulten, USN - Carrying 2nd Battalion 179th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS Florence Nightingale (AP-70) 7,773 tons - Capt. Joseph William McColl Jr., USN - Carrying 3rd Battalion 179th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division
Attack Cargo Ship USS Andromeda (AKA-15) 6,556 tons - Cdr. William Anthony Fly, USN
Attack Cargo Ship USS Alcyone (AKA -7) 14,225 tons - Capt. Daniel Michael McGurl, USN - Regimental cargo vessel Carrying a supplementary 5 day supply of gasoline, ammunition, and rations as well as additional equipment that was not essential for the initial landing.

TransDiv 7 (Transport Division 7) - Capt. Donald Wood Loomis, USN (3 APA, 1 AP, 1 AKA)
Attack Transport USS Calvert (named for Calvert county MD) (APA-32) 8,429 tons - Capt. Lyman Augustus Thackray - Carrying the 1st Battalion, 180th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS Neville (APA-9) 7,475 tons - Cdr. Oral Raymond Swigart, USN - Carrying the 2nd Battalion, 180th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS Frederick N. Funston (APA-89) 12,093 tons - Cdr. John Edward Murphy - Carrying the 3rd Battalion, 180th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS Anne Arundel (ex Mormacyork) (AP-76) 7,796 tons - Cdr. Lunsford Yandell Mason Jr., USN
Attack Cargo Ship USS Bellatrix (AKA-3) 7,480 tons - Capt. Oliver Henderson Ritchie, USNR - Regimental cargo vessel, carrying a supplementary 5 day supply of gas, ammunition and rations as well as additional equipment that was not essential for the initial landing.
8 LST's
6 LCI's
6 LCT's
Fleet Tug USS Narragansett (AT-88) 1,235 tons - Ltjg. Charles John Wichmann, USN - towing pontoon causeways
Fleet Tug USS USS Nauset (AT-89) - Lt. Joseph Orleck, USN - towing pontoon causeways
(18 APA-AKA)


TG-85.2 (Task Group 85.2 "Bailey's Beach") Attack Group Two - Rear Admiral L. A. Davisdon, USN (in USS Philadelphia (CL-41))
TransDiv 5 (Transport Division 5) - Capt. Watson Osgood Bailey, USN (3 APA, 1 AP, 1 AKA)
Attack Transport USS Charles Carroll (APA-28) 8,409 tons - Cdr. Harold Biesemeier, USN - Carrying the Combat Team commander, his staff, and Troops of the 1st Battalion, 157th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS Thomas Jefferson (AP-60) 7,176 tons - Capt. Philip Pindell Welch, USN - Carrying 2nd Battalion, 157th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS William Phillips Biddle (APA-8) 7,884 tons - Capt. Paul Rolland Glutting - Carrying 3rd Battalion, 157th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division
Attack Cargo Ship USS Susan Brownell Anthony (AP-72) 8,193 tons - Capt. Henry Hartley, USN
Attack Cargo Ship USS Arcturus (AKA-1) 7,480 tons - Cdr. John Reid McKinney, USN
Attack Cargo Ship USS Procyon (AKA-2) 7,480 tons - Cdr. Beverly Armistead Hartt, USN - Regimental cargo vessel Carrying a supplementary 5 day supply of gas, ammunition and rations as well as additional equipment that was not essential for the initial landing.
5 LST's


TG-85.3 (Task Group 85.3) Fire Support Group - Rear Admiral Lyal Ament Davidson, USN (in USS Philadelphia (CL-41))
Light Cruiser USS Philadelphia (CL-41) (F) - Cdr. Gordon Josiah Crosby, USN
Monitor HMS Abercrombie (F 109) - Capt. George Vivian Barnett Faulkner, RN

Desron 15, Desron 16 (16 DD)
DesRon 15 (Destroyer Squadrom 15)
DesDiv 29 (Destroyer Division 29)
Destroyer USS William Mervine ( DD-489) (F) - Lt.Cdr. Dale Roderick Frakes, USN
Destroyer USS John Henry Quick (DD-490) - Lt.Cdr. Philip Winslow Cann, USN (temp assigned to DesDiv 34)
Destroyer USS Gregory Caldwell Davidson (DD-618) - Lt.Cdr. Walter Coulter Winn, USN
Destroyer USS Benjamin Ryan Tillman (DD-641) - Lt.Cdr. Francis Douglas McCorkle, USN
Destroyer USS Frank Edmund Beatty (DD-640) - Lt.Cdr. William Outerson, USN.
DesDiv 30 (Destroyer Division 30) - Cdr. Roger Brown Nickerson, USN
Destroyer USS Austin Melvin Knight (DD-633) - Lt.Cdr. Joel Clarence Ford, Jr., USN
Destroyer USS John James Doran (DD-634) - Lt.Cdr. Norman Ernest Smith, USN
Destroyer USS Ralph Earle (DD-635) - Lt.Cdr. Hamilton Wilcox Howe, USN

DesRon 16 (Destroyer Squadrom 16) Capt. Thomas Lippitt Wattles, USN (less USS McLanahan (DD-615) and USS Ordronaux (DD-617))
DesRon 31 (Destroyer Squadrom 31)
Destroyer USS Foxhall Alexander Parker (DD-604) (F) - Lt.Cdr. John William Bays, USN
Destroyer USS Charles S. Kendrick (DD-612) - Lt.Cdr. Cecil Tilman Caulfield, USN
Destroyer USS Henry Laub (DD-613) - Lt.Cdr. John Francis Gallaher, USN
Destroyer USS Alexander Slidell Mackenzie (DD-614) - Lt.Cdr. Daniel Byrd Miller, USN
DesDiv 32 - Cdr. Beverley Randolph Harrison, USN
Destroyer USS Thomas Boyle (DD-600) (F) - Lt.Cdr. Benjamin Prince Field ,Jr., USN
Destroyer USS Stephen Champlin (DD-601) - Lt.Cdr. Charles Leroy Melson, USN
Destroyer USS Henry C. Nields (DD-616) - Lt.Cdr. Albert Rossville Heckey, USN


DesRon 30 (Destroyer Squadrom 30)
DesRon 60 (Destroyer Squadrom 60) (3 Old Destroyers)
Destroyer USS Dallas (DD-199) (F) - Cdr. Anthony Carroll Roessler, USN
Destroyer USS Bernadou (DD-153) - Lt.Cdr. Benjamin Long Edes Talman, USN
CDestroyer USS Cole (DD-155) - Lt.Cdr. B. Chipman, USN

Minesweeper USS YMS-16
Minesweeper USS YMS-18
Minesweeper USS YMS-34
Minesweeper USS YMS-36
Minesweeper USS YMS-37
Minesweeper USS YMS-43
Minesweeper USS YMS-55
Minesweeper USS YMS-58
Minesweeper USS YMS-63
Minesweeper USS YMS-64
Minesweeper USS YMS-82
Minesweeper USS YMS-83

Submarine Chaser USS PC-542
Submarine Chaser USS PC-551
Submarine Chaser USS PC-556
Submarine Chaser USS PC-557
Submarine Chaser USS PC-558
Submarine Chaser USS PC-591

Submarine Chaser USS SC-1029
Submarine Chaser USS SC-1030
Submarine Chaser USS SC-1043
Submarine Chaser USS SC-1044

Fleet Tug USS Narragansett (AT-88) 1,235 tons - Lt.jg. Charles John Wichmann, USN - towing pontoon causeways
Fleet Tug USS USS Nauset (AT-89) - Lt. Joseph Orleck, USN - towing pontoon causeways

14 LST (Including 10 loaded for US 45th Division; 3 carrying pontoons),

8 LCT-5

6 LCI(L)
40th Combat Engineer Regiment (3 Bns)

07/05/43 (Monday) - 07/10/43 (Saturday) Convoy NCF-1from Oran and USA to Gela Attack Force (DIME Force) and Scoglitti Attack Force (CENT Force)
Assault forces in 1 AGC, 7 APA, 6 XAP and 5 AKA, carrying 21 days maintenance plus 10 units of fire for Troops mounted in the U.S. (approximately 10,900 tons) - less amounts Carrying in 1st Follow-up (convoy NCS-2).

Attack Transport USS Monrovia (ex Del Argentino) (APA-31) (FF) 8,889 tons - Capt. Thomas Baldwin Brittain, USN (Command ship for Operation HUSKY)
Attack Cargo Ship USS Bellatrix (AKA-3) 7,480 tons - Capt. Oliver Henderson Ritchie, USNR - Regimental cargo vessel, carrying a supplementary 5 day supply of gas, ammunition and rations as well as additional equipment that was not essential for the initial landing
Attack Transport USS Barnett (APA-5) 7,712 tons - Capt. George Elmer Maynard, USN - Carrying 1st Battalion, 26th Infantry, US 1st Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS Calvert (PA-32) 8,429 tons - Capt. Lyman Augustus Thackray - Carrying the 1st Battalion, 180th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS Charles Carroll (APA-28) - Cdr. Harold Biesemeier, USN - Carrying the Combat Team commander, his staff, and Troops of the 1st Battalion, 157th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS Dorothea Lynde Dix (AP-67) 6,736 tons Carrying 2nd Battalion 179th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS Elizabeth Cady Stanton (AP-69) 14,909 tons - Capt. Ross Ainsworth Dierdorff, USN - Carrying 1st Battalion, 16th Infantry, US 1st Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS Florence Nightingale (AP-70) 7,773 tons - Capt. Joseph William McColl Jr., USN - Carrying 3rd Battalion 179th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS Frederick N. Funston (AP-89) 12,093 tons - Cdr. John Edward Murphy - Carrying the 3rd Battalion, 180th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS Joseph Theodore Dickman (APA-13) 13,529 tons - Capt. Charles W. Harwood, USCG - Carrying 1st Ranger Battalion
Attack Transport USS Leonard Wood (APA-12) 13,712 tons transport (F) Capt Merlin O'Neill, USCG - Carrying the Regimental commander, his staff, and Troops of the 1st Battalion 179th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS Mary Lyon (AP-71) 7,898 tons - Cdr. Thor C. Sorensen, USN - Carrying 2nd Battalion, 26th Infantry, US 1st Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS Neville (APA-9) 7,475 tons - Cdr. Oral Raymond Swigart, USN - Carrying the 2nd Battalion, 180th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS Thomas Jefferson (AP-60) 7,176 tons - Capt. Philip Pindell Welch, USN - Carrying 2nd Battalion, 157th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS Thurston (AP-77) 5,185 tons - Capt. Jack Ellett Hurff, USN - Carrying 2nd Battalion, 16th Infantry, US 1st Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS William Phillips Biddle (APA-8) 7,884 tons - Capt. Paul Rolland Glutting - Carrying 3rd Battalion, 157th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division
Landing Ship Infntry (Small) HMS Prince Charles (4120) 2,950 tons - Cdr. Stratford Hercules Dennis, RN - Carrying half of 4th Ranger Battalion
Landing Ship Infntry (Small) HMS Prince Leopold (4251) 2,950 tons - Lt.Cdr. John Alverdus Lowe, RNR - Carrying half of 4th Ranger Battalion
Fleet Oiler USS Niobrara (AO-72) 10,180 tons - Cdr. John William Marts, Jr., USN

TransDiv 1 (179th Regimental Combat Team, US 45th Infantry Division)
Amphibious Force Command Ship USS Ancon (AGC-4) 10,021 tons (Flagship of Cent Attack Force) - Capt. Paul Luker Mather, USN

GREEN Beach
Attack Transport USS Dorothea Lynde Dix (AP-67) 11,625 tons Carrying 2nd Battalion 179th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division

YELLOW Beach
Attack Transport USS Leonard Wood (APA-12) 13,712 tons transport (F) Capt Merlin O'Neill, USCG - Carrying the Regimental commander, his staff, and Troops of the 1st Battalion 179th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division

RED Beach
Attack Transport USS Florence Nightingale (AP-70) 7,773 tons - Capt. Joseph William McColl Jr., USN - Carrying 3rd Battalion 179th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division

RESERVE
Attack Transport USS Harry Lee (AP-10) 9,989 tons alternately maligned as the "Listing Lee" or "Horrible Harry" CarryingService Co.,Anti-Tank Co.,Cannon Co.,Medical Detachment, and Headquarters Company
Attack Transport USS James O' Hara (AP-90) 10,067 tons CarryingB Battery, 189th Field Artillery
Attack Cargo Ship USS Alcyone (AKA -7) 14,225 tons - Capt. Daniel Michael McGurl, USN - Regimental cargo vessel Carryinga supplementary 5 day supply of gasoline, ammunition, and rations as well as additional equipment that was not essential for the initial landing.
Attack Cargo Ship USS Andromeda (AKA-15) 6,556 tons - Cdr. William Anthony Fly, USN

TransDiv 1 also had the 160th Field Artillery Battalion (75mm), B Company 120th Medical Battalion, 1 Company of the 2nd Chemical Mortar Battalion, and B Company 120th Engineers.

TransDiv 5 (157th Regimental Combat Team, US 45th Infantry Division)
GREEN2 Beach
Attack Transport USS Thomas Jefferson (AP-60) 7,176 tons - Capt. Philip Pindell Welch, USN - Carrying 2nd Battalion, 157th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division

YELLOW2 Beach
Attack Transport USS Charles Carroll (APA-28) - Cdr. Harold Biesemeier, USN - Carryingthe Combat Team commander, his staff, and Troops of the 1st Battalion 157th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division
RESERVE
Attack Cargo Ship USS Susan Brownell Anthony (AP-72) 8,193 tons - Capt. Henry Hartley, USN
Attack Transport USS William Phillips Biddle (APA-8) 7,884 tons - Capt. Paul Rolland Glutting - Carrying 3rd Battalion, 157th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division
Attack Cargo Ship USS Procyon (AKA-2) 7,480 tons - Cdr. Beverly Armistead Hartt, USN - Regimental cargo vessel Carryinga supplementary 5 day supply of gas, ammunition and rations as well as additional equipment that was not essential for the initial landing.

TransDiv 5 also had the 158th Field Artillery Battalion, A Company 120th Medical Battalion, 1 Company of the 2nd Chemical Mortar Battalion, and A Company 120th Engineers. Possibly also A btry 189th FA

TransDiv 7 (180th Regimental Combat Team, US 45th Infantry Division)
TransDiv 7 also had the 171st Field Artillery Battalion (105MM), C Company 120th Medical Battalion, 1 Company of the 2nd Chemical Mortar Battalion, and C Company 120th Engineers.
RED Beach
Attack Transport USS Calvert (PA-32) 8,429 tons - Capt. Lyman Augustus Thackray - Carryingthe 1st Battalion, 180th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division
Attack Transport USS Neville (APA-9) 7,475 tons - Cdr. Oral Raymond Swigart, USN - Carrying the 2nd Battalion, 180th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division

RESERVE
Attack Transport USS Anne Arundel (ex Mormacyork) (AP-76) 7,796 tons - Cdr. Lunsford Yandell Mason Jr., USN
Attack Transport USS Frederick N. Funston (AP-89) 12,093 tons - Cdr. John Edward Murphy - Carryingthe 3rd Battalion, 180th Infantry, US 45th Infantry Division
Attack Cargo Ship USS Bellatrix (AKA-3) 7,480 tons - Capt. Oliver Henderson Ritchie, USNR - Regimental cargo vessel, carrying a supplementary 5 day supply of gas, ammunition and rations as well as additional equipment that was not essential for the initial landing.



Licata Attack Force (JOSS Force) (CTF-86 (Combined Task Force 86)) - Rear Admiral Richard Lansing Conolly, USN (abord Amphibious Force Command Ship USS Biscayne (AGC-18))
3rd Infantry Division
2nd Arm. Div. (less 1 Armored. Combat Command)
3rd Ranger Battalion

07/10/43 Convoy TJ-1
Assault forces in 2 LSI(S), 40 LST, 85 LCT, and 54 LCI(L), carrying 7 days maintenance (approx. 6,900 tons) plus 2 1/3 units of fire for JOSS assault forces, personnel, and vehicles.

07/14/43 (D+4) Convoy TJ-2
2 LSI(S), 22 LST, 28 LCT, 34 LCI(L), and 4 coasters. LSI carrying troops; craft carrying personnel and vehicles; coasters carrying 7 days maintenance (approx. 7,800 tons) plus 1 1/6 units of fire for JOSS assault forces and first Follow-up.

07/18/43 (D+8) Convoy TJ-3
15 LST, 24 LCI(L), and 5 coasters. Craft carrying personnel and vehicles. Coasters carrying 7 days maintenance (approx. 8600 tons) and 1 1/6 units of fire for JOSS assault forces, 1st, and 2nd Follow-up.

07/24/43 (D+14) Convoy TJ-4
4 coasters carrying 7 days maintenance (approx. 8,600 tons) plus 2 1/3 units of fire for troops in assault, 1st and 2nd Follow-up. On D+25, 4 coasters carrying maintenance supplies (approx. 6,000 tons).

After the 2nd Follow-up craft convoys, all craft (U.S. and British) were placed in a pool for the build-up of Allied armies.


In the vicinity of Licata, one Ranger Battalion and three Regimental Combat Teams comprising the 3rd Infantry Division reinforced, (JOSS Force), were landed in assault. The Ranger Battalion was landed over assigned beaches in LCA's; having been embarked in two British LSI(S)'s, the Princess Charlotte and Princess Astrid. Two Regimental Combat Teams were landed in column of Battalions, the assault Battalions, respectively landing in LCVP's, having embarked in LST's; the following Battalions, in each case landing in LCI(L)'s. Two Battalions of the third Regimental Combat Team were landed in column, in LCVP's; having embarked in LST's. The third Battalion of this Regimental Combat Team was landed, behind the Ranger Battalion, in LCVP's; having embarked in LST's. One armored Combat Command, Combat Command A, Second Armored Division, acted as floating reserve for the JOSS Force.
The JOSS assault beaches and assigned Army forces were as follows, reading as from West to East, total frontage approximately 22,000 yards.

06/29/43 (D-11) TG-86.1 (Task Group 86.1) from Mers el Kebir, Algeria to Licata, Sicily
Crudiv 13 (Cruiiser Division 13)
Light Cruiser USS Brooklyn (CL-40) - Capt. Humbert William Ziroli, USN
Light Cruiser USS Birmingham (CL-62) - Capt. John Wilkes, USN

Destroyer USS James Buck (DD-420) (F) - Lt. George Solon Lambert, USN (from DesRon 13)
Destroyer USS Augustus C. Ludlow (DD-438) - Lt.Cdr. Liles Walker Creighton, USN (from DesRon 13 - DesDiv 25)

Beach Identification Group
Destroyer USS Mark Lambert Bristol (DD-453) - Lt.Cdr. John Albert Glick, USN (from DesRon 13 - DesDiv 25)
Submarine Chaser USS PC-546
Submarine HMS Safari (P 211) - Lt. Richard Barklie Lakin, RN

TG-86.2 (Task Group 86.2)

TG-86.3 (Task Group 86.3)
Minesweeper USS Sentinel (AM-113) - Lt.Cdr. George Lincoln Phillips, USN


Amphibious Force Command Ship USS Biscayne (AGC-18) (F) - Cdr. Robert Lummings Young, USN
Landing Ship Infantry (Small) HMS Princess Josephine Charlotte (4.238) 2,950 tons
Landing Ship Infantry (Small) HMS Princess Astrid (4.226) 2,950 tons

Crudiv 13 (Cruiiser Division 13)
Light Cruiser USS Brooklyn (CL-40) - Capt. Humbert William Ziroli, USN
Light Cruiser USS Birmingham (CL-62) - Capt. John Wilkes, USN

DesRon 13 - Capt. Harry Sanders, USN
Destroyer USS James Buck (DD-420) (F) - Lt. George Solon Lambert, USN
DesDiv 25 -
Destroyer USS Woolsey (DD-437) (F) - Cdr. Henry Robert Wier, USN
Destroyer USS Augustus C. Ludlow (DD-438) - Lt.Cdr. Liles Walker Creighton, USN
Destroyer USS Thomas Alva Edison (DD-439) - Lt.Cdr. Hepburn Alcott Pearce, USN
Destroyer USS Mark Lambert Bristol (DD-453) - Lt.Cdr. John Albert Glick, USN
DesDiv 26 - Capt. Vernon Huber, USN
Destroyer USS Charles Wilkes (DD-441) (F) - Cdr. Frederick Wolsieffer, USN
Destroyer USS Claude Augustus Swanson (DD-443) (temp F) - Cdr. Edward Livingston Robertson Jr., USN.
Destroyer USS Nicholson (named for the Nicholson family) (DD-442) - Cdr. Lewis Merrill Markham Jr., USN
Destroyer USS Francis Asbury Roe (DD-418) - Lt.Cdr. Rathel Linwood Nolan Jr., USN


Minesweeper USS Seer (AM-112) - Cdr. Albert Frederick Block, USN
Minesweeper USS Sentinel (AM-113) - Lt.Cdr. George Lincoln Phillips, USN

Minesweeper USS YMS-3
Minesweeper USS YMS-13
Minesweeper USS YMS-15
Minesweeper USS YMS-20
Minesweeper USS YMS-21
Minesweeper USS YMS-78

Submarine Chaser USS PC-543
Submarine Chaser USS PC-545
Submarine Chaser USS PC-546
Submarine Chaser USS PC-550
Submarine Chaser USS PC-559
Submarine Chaser USS PC-562
Submarine Chaser USS PC-626


Submarine Chaser USS SC-497
Submarine Chaser USS SC-498
Submarine Chaser USS SC-503
Submarine Chaser USS SC-506
Submarine Chaser USS SC-508
Submarine Chaser USS SC-522
Submarine Chaser USS SC-526
Submarine Chaser USS SC-530
Submarine Chaser USS SC-532
Submarine Chaser USS SC-533
Submarine Chaser USS SC-534
Submarine Chaser USS SC-535
Submarine Chaser USS SC-638
Submarine Chaser USS SC-639
Submarine Chaser USS SC-649
Submarine Chaser USS SC-651
Submarine Chaser USS SC-655
Submarine Chaser USS SC-666
Submarine Chaser USS SC-695
Submarine Chaser USS SC-696
Submarine Chaser USS SC-697
Submarine Chaser USS SC-770
Submarine Chaser USS SC-771
Submarine Chaser USS SC-977
Submarine Chaser USS SC-978
Submarine Chaser USS SC-979

Fleet Tug Moreno (ATF-87) (towing pontoon causeways) - Lt. (jg) V. H. Kyllberg, USN
Harbor Tug USS Intent (YT-458) O. W. Norr
Harbor Tug USS Resolute (YT-459) R. L. Self

40 LST (Including 5 carrying pontoons; others carrying 6 LCVP and fitted as hospital carriers),

85 LCT-5
54 LCI(L)

12 LCT-3 or 4, British
9 LCG(L), British
7 LCF(L), British


36th Combat Engineer Regiment (3 Bns)


RED Beach
1st Battalion, 7th Infantry, US 3rd Infantry Divison
2nd Battalion, 7th Infantry, US 3rd Infantry Divison
3rd Battalion, 7th Infantry, US 3rd Infantry Divison

GREEN WEST Beach
Landing Ship Infantry (Small) HMS Princess Josephine Charlotte (4.238) 2,950 tons
Landing Ship Infantry (Small) HMS Princess Astrid (4.226) 2,950 tons
3rd Ranger Battalion 2-LSI(S)'s

GREEN EAST Beach
2nd Battalion, 15th Infantry, US 3rd Infantry Divison

YELLOW Beach
3rd Battalion, 15th Infantry, US 3rd Infantry Divison
1st Battalion, 15th Infantry, US 3rd Infantry Divison

BLUE Beach
2nd Battalion, 30th Infantry, US 3rd Infantry Divison
1st Battalion, 30th Infantry, US 3rd Infantry Divison
3rd Battalion, 30th Infantry, US 3rd Infantry Divison


TASK ORGANIZATION
TF-80 (Task Force 80) CONTROL Force
TG-80.1 (Task Group 80.1) Force Flagship
Attack Transport USS Monrovia (ex Del Argentino) (APA-31) (FF) 8,889 tons - Capt. Thomas Baldwin Brittain, USN (Command ship for Operation HUSKY)
Destroyer USS Tenant McLanahan (DD-615) - Lt.Cdr. Harry Reid Hummer, Jr., USN (from DesRon 16, DesDiv 31)

TG-80.2 (Task Group 80.2) Escort Group
Desron 7 less Desdiv 14 and Mayo, Eight (9 DD).

TG-80.3 (Task Group 80.3) Screening Group
Destroyer USS John Ordronaux (DD-617) - Lt.Cdr. Robert J. Brodie, Jr., USN
MTBron 15 (17 PT) (PT-201 - PT-2018)

TG-80.4 (Task Group 80.4) Demonstration Group
10 -- ARBs,
PT-213.

TG-80.5 (Task Group 80.5) Minelaying Group
Minelayer USS Keokuk (CM-8)
Minelayer USS Salem (CM-11)
Minelayer USS Weehawken (CM-12)
Escorts (as assigned).

TG-80.6 (Task Group 80.6) Reserve Group
Attack Transport USS Orizaba (AP-24) 11,293 tons
Attack Transport USS Chateau Thierry (AP-31) 9,050 tons
6x LST
7x LCT
11x LCI(L)
16x LCI(L), British.


TF-87 (Task Force 87) Train - Capt. Tuggle, USN
Repair Ship USS Delta (AR-9) 8,975 tons
Repair Ship USS Vulcan (AR-5) 12,911 tons
Ammunition Ship USS Mount Baker (ex USS Kilauea) (AE-4) 6,350 tons
Stores Ship USS Tarazed (ex Chiriqui) (AF-13) 6,983 tons
Fleet Oiler USS Winooski (ex Calusa) (AO-38) 9,900 tons
Fleet Oiler USS Mattaponi (AO-41) 10,600 tons
Fleet Oiler USS Chicopee (ex Esso Trenton) (AO-34) 10,097 tons
Fleet Oiler USS Salamonie (ex Esso Columbia) (AO-26) 11,316 tons
Fleet Oiler USS Chemung (ex Esso Annapolis) (AO-30) 11,335 tons
Fleet Oiler USS Niobrara (AO-72) 10,180 tons - Cdr. John William Marts, Jr., USN
Liberty Ship SS William I Chamberlain (2576) 14,245 tons


Air Forces Commander: Air Marshal Arthur William Tedder.
Off Sicily, Axis planes bomb invasion shipping and screening ships, sinking Destroyer Maddox (DD-622), 36°52'N, 13°56'E; tank landing ships LST-313, 37°01'N, 14°15'E; and minesweeper Sentinel (AM-113), 37°06'N, 13°55'E. Collisions in the crowded waters off the beaches account for damage to destroyers Francis Asbury Roe (DD-418) and Claude Augustus Swanson (DD-443) at 37°03'N, 13°36'E, and LST-345 and submarine Chaser USS PC-621 at 37°02'N, 14°15'E.

German submarine U-371 attacks convoy off the Algerian coast, torpedoing Liberty Ship USS Matthew Maury - WSAT (550) (USAT) at 37°00'N, 05°00'E, and Tanker USS Gulfprince 6,561 tons at 37°13'N, 05°12'E. There are no casualties on board the former (including the 28-man Armed Guard), which is towed to the Algerian port of Bougie and subsequently returns to service. The latter is abandoned by the 36-man merchant complement and 28-man Armed Guard, the survivors being rescued by British trawler HMS Sir Gareth and freighter Empire Commerce; one Armed Guard sailor dies of his wounds on board the latter. A salvage crew later boards Gulfprince and the ship is towed to Algiers by British salvage tugs HMS Weazel and HMS Hudson; she subsequently is chartered by the Navy for use as a mobile storage facility in North African waters.

Eastern Naval Task Force - Vice Admiral Sir Bertram Ramsay, RN
Departure from: Egypt, Libya, Tunisia, Malta; Canadian division from Britain
Landing Areas: South of Syracuse, SE coast
6 Battleships
2 Carriers
10 Cruisers
80 Destroyers
26 Submarines
250 Other warships
237 Troopships, supply ships, LSIs etc.
319 Landing Ships and Craft (major) 319
Totals
930 RN
Plus Landing Craft (minor)
715

British Eighth Army - General Sir Bernard Law Montgomery

British& Allied Naval Forces
Submarines
Submarine HMS Osiris (N 67) - Lt. Arthur George Chandler, RNR
Submarine HMS Parthian (N 75) - Lt. Cyril Astell Pardoe, RNR
Submarine HMS Rorqual (N 74) - LtCdr. Lennox William Napier, RN
Submarine HMS Safari (P 211) - Lt. Richard Barklie Lakin, RN
Submarine HMS Saracen (P 247) - Lt. Michael Geoffrey Rawson Lumby, RN
Submarine HMS Seraph (P 219) - Lt. Norman Limbury Auchinleck Jewell, RN
Submarine HMS Severn (N 57) - LtCdr. Andrew Neil Gillespie Campbell, RN
Submarine HMS Shakespeare (P 221) - Lt. Michael Frederic Roberts Ainslie, RN
Submarine HMS Sibyl (P 217) - Lt. Ernest John Donaldson Turner, RN
Submarine HMS Sickle (P 224) - Lt. James Ralph Drummond, RN
Submarine HMS Simoom (P 225) - Lt. Geoffrey Deryck Nicholson Milner, RN
Submarine HMS Sportsman (P 229) - Lt. Richard Gatehouse, RN
Submarine HMS Tactician (P 314) - LtCdr. Anthony Foster Collett, RN
Submarine HMS Taurus (P 339) - LtCdr. Mervyn Robert George Wingfield, RN
Submarine HMS Templar (P 316) - Lt. Denis John Beckley, RN
Submarine HMS Torbay (N 79) - Lt. Robert Julian Clutterbuck, RN
Submarine HMS Trespasser (P 312) - LtCdr. Richard Molyneux Favell, RN
Submarine HMS Tribune (N 76) - Lt. Stewart Armstrong Porter, RN or Anthony Francis Murray-Johnson, RN ?
Submarine HMS Trident (N 52) - Lt. Peter Edward Newstead, RN
Submarine HMS Trooper (N 91) - Lt. Guy Stewart Chetwode Clarabut, RN
Submarine HMS Ultor (P 53) - Lt. George Edward Hunt, RN
Submarine HMS Unbroken (P 42) - Lt. Bruce John Bevis Andrew, RN
Submarine HMS Uproar (P 31) - Lt. Laurence Edward Herrick, RN
Submarine HMS Unison (P 43) - Lt. Anthony Robert Daniell, RN
Submarine HMS United (P 44) - Lt. John Charles Young Roxburgh, RN
Submarine HMS Universal (P 57) - Lt. Cecil Gordon, RN
Submarine HMS Unrivalled (P 45) - Lt. Hugh Bentley Turner, RN
Submarine HMS Unruffled (P 46) - Lt. John Samuel Stevens, RN
Submarine HMS Unruly (P 49) - Lt. John Paton Fyfe, RN
Submarine HMS Unseen (P 51) - Lt. Michael Lindsay Coulton Crawford, RN
Submarine HMS Unshaken (P 54) - Herbert Patrick Westmacott, RN
Submarine HMS Unsparing (P 55) - Lt. Aston Dalzell Piper, RNR
Submarine HMS Usurper (P 56) - Lt. David Roger Oakeley Mott, RN


LIST OF CORVETTES & CAPTAINS - IN OPERATION HUSKY

Corvette HMS Bluebell (K 80) - Lt. Geoffrey Herbert Walker, RNVR
Corvette HMS Bryony (K 192) - Lt. Thomas Hand, RNR
Corvette HMS Camellia (K 31) - T/Lt. Reginald Frederick James Maberley, RNVR
Corvette HMS Convolvulus (K 45) - A/LtCdr. Richard Francis Roger Yarde-Buller (Lord Churston), RNVR
Corvette HMS Delphinium (K 77) - Cdr. Vivian Funge Smith, RNR
Corvette HMS Dianella (K 07) - T/Lt. James Gavin Rankin, RNR
Corvette HMS Honeysuckle (K 27) - Lt. Henry Herbert Dietrich MacKillican, RNR
Corvette HMS Hyacinth (K 84) - LtCdr. John Douglas Hayes, RN
Corvette HMS Hyderabad (K 212) - T/Lt. Thomas Cooper, RNR
Corvette HMS Lotus (II) (K 130) - Lt. Harry John Hall, RNR
Corvette HMS Oxlip (K 123) - Lt. Charles William Leadbetter, RNR
Corvette HMS Pentstemon (K 61) - T/Lt. Douglas Cameron Williams, RNVR
Corvette HMS Poppy (K 213) - T/Lt. Denzil Richard Cranley Onslow, RNR
Corvette HMS Primula (K 14) - Lt. John Ivor Jones, RNR
Corvette HMS Rhododendron (K 78) - T/Lt. Oliver Birrell Medley, RNVR
Corvette HMS Starwort (K 20) - Lt. Arthur Horace Kent, RNR
Corvette HMS Vetch (K 132) - T/A/LtCdr. Herbert James Beverley, RNR or Lt. Kenneth Michael Bertie Menzies, RN

Some of ; LIST OF `LITTLE SHIPS' & CAPTAINS - IN OPERATION HUSKY

WHALERS (A/S)
HMSAS Protea (S.Africa) Lt. G Burnwood SANF
SOUTHERN SEA (S.Africe) Lt. W L Graham SANF
SOUTHERN ISLE (S.Africa) Lt. M R T Terry-LLoyd SANF

OILERS
CEDARDALE Master LtCdr. A E Curtain RNR
PEARLEAF Master A S Kernick

PETROL CARRIER
NASPRITE Master F J King

FLEET REPAIR SHIPS
VINDICTIVE R.Adm G R S Watkins
WAYLAND Capt. Hon D R S Carson

LANDING CRAFT REPAIR SHIP
VULCAN LtCdr. J E Grice

SUBMARINE DEPOT SHIP
MAIDSTONE Capt G B H Fawkes

LIST OF `LITTLE SHIPS' & CAPTAINS - IN OPERATION HUSKY

COASTAL CRAFT DEPOT SHIP
VIENNA LtCdr. S J Holland

M/SWEEPER DEPOT SHIP
PRODUCT LtCdr. B P A Wing RNR
M/S DEPOT TRAWLER
BUDE Lt. F A J Andrew

NAVAL HOSPITAL SHIPS
AMARAPOORA S/Capt J H B Martin
MAINE S/Capt R A W Ford
OXFORDSHIRE S/Capt J A Maxwell
VASNA S/Capt R A Brown
VITA S/Capt K A I Mackenzie

Force A (Vice Admiral Thomas Hope Troubridge) - Lead ship Bulolo with the convoys and MWS.36 MWF.36 (see 19.6.-9.7.) - Lands the British XIII.. Corps (LtGen. Dempsey) with the 3rd Royal Maine Commandos, the 5th Infantry Div. and 50th Infantry Div.südlich the Maddalena peninsula in the sector "Acid North" and south of Avola in the sector "Acid South". As a control post the brit. Submarine unruffled is used.

Force N (Capt. Lord Ashbourne (Edward Russell Gibson)) - Lead ship Keren with parts of convoys MWS.36 and MWF.36 - lands the British 231st Independent Brigade (Brig Urquhart.) On the east coast of the Pachino peninsula in the sector "Bark East.". Control posts: submarine Unseen.

Force B (Rear Admiral Sir Rhoderick Robert McGrigor.) - Lead ship Largs with the convoys SBS.1, SBM.1 and SBF.1 - lands the British 51st Inf Div... (Maj.-Gen. Wimberley) near Cap Passero. Control posts: submarine Unison.

Force V (Rear Admiral Sir Philip Louis Vian) - Lead ship Hilary with Convoy KMF.18 (British) and Convoy KMS.18 (British) - lands the 1st Canadian Division (General Guy Granville Simonds) on the west coast of the Pachino peninsula. Control point: submarine Unrivalled.


Destroyer HMS Isis (D 87) - Cdr. Basil Jones, RN
Destroyer HMS Intrepid (D 10) - Cdr. Charles Arthur de Winton Kitcat, RN (8th Destroyer Flotilla)
Destroyer HMS Troubridge (R 00) - Capt. Charles Leslie Firth, RN
Destroyer HMS Tumult (R 11) - Lt.Cdr. Norman Lanyon, RN
Destroyer HMS Tyrian (R 67) - Cdr. Charles Woollven Greening, RN
07/08/43 Destroyers HMS Tumult (R 11), HMS Troubridge (R 00), and HMS Tyrian (R 67) sailed from Malta to join major ships deployed in the Ionian Sea to provide cover for landings



11/15/42 Force Q Bone, Algeria
Light Cruiser HMS Aurora (12) (F) - Capt. Sir William Gladstone Agnew, RN
Light Anti-aircraft Cruiser HMS Argonaut (61) - Capt. Eric William Longley Longley-Cook, RN
Light Anti-aircraft Cruiser HMS Sirius (82) - Capt. Patrick William Beresford Brooking, RN
Light Anti-aircraft Cruiser HMS Charybdis (88) - Capt. George Arthur Wallis Voelcker, RN
Light Anti-aircraft Cruiser HMS Scylla (98) - Capt. Ian Agnew Patterson Macintyre, RN
Destroyer HMS Quentin (G 78) - Lt.Cdr. Allan Herbert Percy Noble, RN
Destroyer HMAS Quiberon (G 81) - Cdr. George Scott Stewart, RAN

11/15/42 Light Cruisers HMS Aurora (12), HMS Argonaut (61), HMS Sirius (82), and HMS Charybdis (88) with Destroyer HMS Quentin (G 78) and HMAS Quiberon (G 81) deploy as Force Q based at Bone for offensive operations against enemy convoys in Gulf of Tunis.
12/01/42 Light Cruiser HMS Aurora (12) takes passage to Bone, Algeria with Force Q as flagship.
12/02/42 Battle of Skerki Bank (north of Cape Bon): Force Q carries out surface gun attack on convoy of four ships. the Italian Destroyer (Cacciatorpediniere) RN Folgore and the four mercant ships are sunk.The Italian Destroyer (Cacciatorpediniere) RN Nicoloso da Recco and Torpedo boat RN Procione are damaged. During return passage to Bone Destroyer HMS Quentin (G 78) is sunk by air attacks.
12/14/43 During deployment with Force Q, HMS Argonaut (61) is hit on starboard side by torpedoes from Italian Submarine RN Mocenigo west of Galita Island. Argonaut sustains heavy structural damage to Bow and stern structure which were blown off. Steering was unusable and the after two turrets could not be used. She is taken to Algiers, Algeria.
12/16/43 Light Anti-aircraft Cruisers HMS Dido (37) and HMS Sirius (82) deploy with Force Q.
12/26/43 Light Anti-aircraft Cruiser HMS Dido (37) transferred to Force H at Gibraltar.
01/43 Light Cruiser HMS Penelope (97) - Capt. George Devereux Belben, RN replaces the damaged Light Anti-aircraft Cruiser HMS Argonaut (61) in Force Q. Light Anti-aircraft Cruiser HMS Dido (37) rejoins Force Q.

LCIs (Landing Craft Infantry) forming up outside Sousse harbour before sailing to Pantelleria. Men of the 2nd Battalion, North Staffordshire Regiment drinking tea on board. LCIs taking formation.
«HMS Royal Ulsterman» signalling by Aldis lamp to the LCIs. The wake of the ship and other LCIs in the middle distance. Night barrage at Sousse as the invasion fleet forms up. Panning shot of LCIs, TLCs (Tank Landing Craft), destroyers and [MCs]. The highest peak of Pantelleria standing out of the sea. The Landing Craft Assault ships
«HMS Beatrix» and
«HMS Queen Emma» leaving to make the initial assault. Flying Fortresses arriving to bomb the island. A Destroyer crosses the bow of the LCI. The LCAs returning for reinforcements. Semaphore Hill is viewed on the right as the boat approaches. Smoke from a burning dump. Bombs bursting on the Midway feature. Semaphore Hill and damaged buildings. Military and civilian prisoners lined up. Bomb damage to the harbour. A donkey is pressed into service by prisoners. Prisoners working on the road. A burning petrol dump. A knocked out sound locator. A white ensign being hoisted over a building on the island.

04/31/43 12th Cruiser Squadron takes part in preparatory exercises for Operation Corkscrew.

Operation Corkscrew
06/11/43 Operation Corkscrew the Allied invasion of the Italian island of Pantelleria (between Sicily and Tunisia).
1st British Infantry Division MajGen. Walter Edmond Clutterbuck

Amphibious Headquarters Ship HMS Largs 4,504 tons
Landing Ship Infantry (Medium) HMS Prinses Beatrix (4.44) 4,136 tons - A/Cdr. Thomas Bennett Brunton, RN - capacity 2 LCM's, 6 LCA's or LCS(M)'s and 372 Troops
Landing Ship Infantry (Medium) HMS Queen Emma (4.180) 4,136 tons - Capt. George Louis Downall Gibbs DSO, RN - capacity 2 LCM's, 6 LCA's or LCS(M)'s and 372 Troops
Landing Ship Infantry (H - Hand-operated davits) HMS Royal Scotsman (F 115) 3,244 tons - Lt.Cdr, James Davison Armstrong DSC, RD, RNR - capacity 6 LCA's and 830 Troops
Landing Ship Infantry (H - Hand-operated davits) HMS Royal Ulsterman (F 63) 3,244 tons - A/Lt.Cdr. William Roland Kemp Clark DSC, RD, RNR - capacity 6 LCA's and 830 Troops

Force Q
Light Cruiser HMS Aurora (12) (F) - Capt. Sir William Gladstone Agnew, RN
Light Cruiser HMS Newfoundland (59) - Capt. William Rudolph Slayter, RN
Light Cruiser HMS Orion (85) - Capt. George Cunningham Paton Menzies, RN
Light Cruiser HMS Euryalus (42) - Capt. Richard Oliver-Bellasis, RN
Light Anti-aircraft Cruiser HMS Penelope (97) - Capt. George Devereux Belben, RN

Destroyer HMS Nubian (F 36) - Cdr. Douglas Eric Holland-Martin, RN
Destroyer HMS Tartar (F 43) - Cdr. St. John Reginald Joseph Tyrwhitt, RN
Destroyer Flotilla Leader HMS Laforey (G 99) - Capt. Harold Thomas Armstrong, RN
Destroyer HMS Lookout (G 32) - Lt.Cdr. Archibald George Forman, RN
Destroyer HMS Loyal (G 15) - Lt.Cdr. Hugo Edward Forbes Tweedie, RN
Destroyer HMS Troubridge (R 00) - Capt. Charles Leslie Firth, RN
Destroyer Flotilla Leader HMS Jervis (F.00) - Capt. John Stuart Crawford, RN
Destroyer Escort Destroyer HMS Whaddon (L 45) - Lt.Cdr. Jack Barrington Palmer, RN

Force H
07/11/43
Force H cruised off eastern Sicily.
5 destroyers

07/05/43 05:00
Battleships King George V (Flag, Vice Admiral Arthur John Power) and Howe escorted by destroyers ARROW 21st Destroyer Flotilla, Jervis, Paladin, Panther , Pathfinder, Penn, Petard and Tyrian sailed from Gibraltar for Algiers.

07/06/43 08:00
Force H is joined by battleships Nelson and Rodney, aircraft carrier Indomitable and their screen of 7 destroyers off Oran, Algeria.

07/08/43
King George V, Howe, Jervis, Panther , Pathfinder, Penn, Paladin and Petard arrive at Algiers.

07/09/43 03:00
King George V, Howe, light cruisers Dido and Sirius and destroyers Jervis, Panther , Pathfinder, Penn, Paladin and Petard sailed from Algiers as Force Z (also known as Division 3 of Force H) for their operational position between Sardinia and Sicily.
(The task of Force Z was to provide distant cover for the HUSKY assault convoys, to provide a show of force to suggest an American attack on Sardinia and Corsica and to reinforce the Eastern Task Force should it suffer casualties)
(During the afternoon of D-1 an unseasonable force 7 north-westerly gale blew up and the smaller craft were tossed about like corks. 07/10/43 itself the Canadians and Americans landed in very rough conditions suffering the double discomfort of seasickness and a drenching through to the skin. The British conditions on the leeward side of the island were better as the landing craft moved inshore. However these unfavourable conditions had a beneficial side effect, the enemy relaxed their guard in the mistaken belief that a landing in such conditions was most unlikely and initial resistance was consequently less than expected.
H Hour had been set at 02:45 07/10/43, two hours before first light. This time had been fixed by the fact that it required the paraTroops about three hours from dropping time to assemble and carry out their mission of softening the beach defences. This despite the fact that the assault forces needed to approach the coastline under cover of darkness. But an examination of the Astronomical Data revealed no such darkness. On the contrary the assault forces were required to make the approach under a brilliant waxing moon which would not set until the vessels had hove-to in the Initial Transport Areas immediately under the coast defence guns of the enemy. These facts were well known to the naval planners who pointed out the fact that the moon phase selected was most unfavourable from naval considerations. The date, However, was not changed because it was reiterated that this phase was most favourable to dropping of the paraTroops that were the only means available to "neutralize the beach defences opposing the seaborne assaults, the most vital part of the whole plan'. In the event the American paratroopers objective became the seizure of high ground around Gela and the capture of the airfield at Ponte Olivo)

07/10/43 approximately 02:00
Force Z arrived in their operational position, approximately 38-30N, 11E.

07/11/43
Force Z cruising in operational position. At 1800 hours Force Z moved eastwards towards the western coast of Sicily. At 2330 hours the force was approximate position 38N, 12-15E at which time King George V and Howe commenced a 14in shoot against the port of Trapani and the islands of Favignana and Levanzo as a diversion to suggest landings on west coast of Sicily (Operation FRACTURE). Dido and Sirius Carrying out a bombardment of the port of Marsala at the same time.

07/12/43
Force Z off the western coast of Sicily with King George V and Howe continuing their bombardment. At 0030 the bombardment was checked and Force Z regrouped and set course westerly to return to their operational area. (Just before Force Z completed their bombardment the area was bombed by RAF Wellingtons of the Northwest African Strategic Air Force, flying from North Africa)
During the operation Destroyer Pathfinder hit a submerged rock and sustained damage to her port propeller. She detached from Force Z and went to Alexandria for replacement of the propeller.

07/13/43
Force Z cruising in operational position.

07/14/43
Force Z returns to Algiers.
(Under the original plan King George V and Howe would now returned to the Home Fleet. However Admiral Cunningham CinC Mediterranean requested and was granted permission to retain the two battleships in the Mediterranean for Operation AVALANCHE, the assault on the Italian mainland at Salerno)

07/10/43
Light Cruiser HMS Cleopatra (33) - Capt. John Felgate Stevens, RN
Light Cruiser HMS Euryalus (42) - Capt. Richard Oliver-Bellasis, RN
rendezvoused in the Gulf of Sirte where they waited to join a convoy consisting of sixty freighters, five tankers, and twenty nine landing craft which represented part of the invasion force, which was to arrive from Alexandria and Port Said. This would be the beginning of “operation Huskey", the Allied landings of Sicily.

Support Force East
Monitor HMS Roberts (F 40) - A/Capt. Ronald Ernest Cotton Dunbar, RN
Monitor HMS Abercrombie (F 109) - Capt. George Vivian Barnett Faulkner, RN
Light Cruiser HMS Newfoundland (59) - Capt. William Rudolph Slayter, RN
Light Cruiser HMS Mauritius (80) - Capt. William Wellclose Davis, RN
Light Cruiser HMS Uganda (66) - Capt. Sir William Gerrard Andrewes, RN
Light Cruiser HMS Orion (85) - Capt. George Cunningham Paton Menzies, RN
Light Anti-aircraft Cruiser HMS Carlisle (D 67) - A/Cdr. Dudley Alfred Parker, RN
Light Cruiser HMS Colombo (D 89) - Capt. Derrick Henry Hall-Thompson, RN
Light Anti-aircraft Cruiser HMS Delhi (D 74) - Capt. Allan Thomas George Cumberland Peachey, RN
.


Escort Destroyer HMS Tetcott (L 99)
Allied Ships Damaged or Sunk by Axis Aircraft, 14 May – 2 September 1943 (pdf)

Eighth Army Beach Groups for Operation HUSKY

The Royal Naval Beach Commandos worked ‘hand in glove’ with the Beach Groups (initially referred to as Beach Bricks in the Middle East).



Eastern Naval Task Force - Vice Admiral Sir Bertram Ramsay, RN on the Amphibious Headquarters Ship HMS Antwerp commanding Force A, B, and V.
Force A (ex Force W) (sailed from the Middle East) - Rear Admiral Troutbridge on the Amphibious Headquarters Ship HMS Bulolo
Lieutenant General Miles Christopher Dempsey's British 13th Corps (the 5th British & 50th British Divisions) was to land between Syracuse and Avola on the south east coast,
Escorted by 58 warships of all classes including 14 destroyers and 11 fleet minesweepers.


Force B - (from Tunisia) Rear Admiral McGrigor on the Amphibious Headquarters Ship HMS Largs 4,504 tons.
231st Independent Brigade was 15 miles to the south at Marzamemi and Sir Oliver Leese's 30th Corps (including the 51st Highland Division) were allotted the southernmost tip of the island south west of Cape Passero.
Escorted by 20 warships including 10 destroyers and 8 minesweepers.


Force V - (from the United Kingdom) Rear Admiral Sir Philip Vian, RN (on Amphibious Headquarters Ship HMS Hilary (F.22))
Farther to the west and round the corner of the island was and the 1st Canadian Division, both under Lieutenant-General Oliver William Hargreaves Leese's 30 Corps.
Escorted by four ships in the headquarters group, 21 destroyers, four groups of corvettes, frigates and the like totalling 30, and 7 minesweepers

Further still to the West between Scicli and Licata, with the vital airfield at Gela in the middle, were Divisions of the US 7th Army and US 2nd Corps . They were to land on three beaches "Cent," "Dime" and "Joss" with a division allotted to each plus an armoured brigade for "Joss." The remainder of the Armoured Division to which it belonged was kept afloat as a reserve. The American Operation was under the command of Lieutenant-General Patton and Vice-Admiral Hewitt.
In addition a number of special operations were in place. The first was No 3 Commando and the South African Squadron of the SAS to the extreme right near Syracuse. The second involved Nos 40 and 41 Royal Marine Commando, under Laycock, to the left of the Canadians near Pachino. The third was a number of airborne landings, both British and American, to speed up the capture of airfields.

Eighth Army Landings
Canadian Soldiers .com
British Order of Battle Sicily 06/09/43 – 07/17/43
Regia Marina, 10 June 1940
Beach groups [/ url]
[url=http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USA/USA-MTO-Sicily/USA-MTO-Sicily-5.html] Hyperwar Map of Final Allied Preparations


Sicily's southeast coast - the British Beaches
Beacon Submarines
Submarine HMS Unruffled (P 46) (Acid Centre), Submarine HMS Unseen (P 51) (Bark East), Submarine HMS Unison (P 43) (Bark South), Submarine HMS Unrivalled (P 45) (Bark West)

Eighth Army - Gen. Bernard Law Montgomery
British 13th Corps - Lieutenant General Miles Christopher Dempsey
British 30th Corps - Lieutenant-General Oliver Leese


Operation Ladbroke 07/09/43 - 1st British Airborne Division
1st Airlanding Brigade assigned to assault key locations in/around Syracuse 9/10th July
2nd Battalion, South Staffordshire Regiment
1st Battalion, The Border Regiment
9th Field Company, Royal Engineers attached, less one and half sections
1st Battalion, The Glider Pilot Regiment detachments attached as infantry following landing

The conditions under which these airborne landings took place served to enhance their inherently dangerous qualities. The scant quarter moon was due to set shortly before midnight, thereby affording the landing force little in the way of visual support. Such little light as this moon did provide, and the navigational aids available to the aircrews, upon which they relied under conditions of radio silence, were eroded by weather conditions. During the afternoon and evening a strong wind had begun to blow, and by midnight it was blowing 40 miles per hour aloft. This caused both the British and American forces to become disoriented, some of both groups missing their first visual checkpoint at Malta. The aircraft began to straggle after one another in mixed formations, their approach being further inhibited by enemy flak. In addition, the preliminary air assault had resulted in fires and attendant smoke, obscuring final check points for the landing force.

In the British sector these unfortunate circumstances led to even more unfortunate results. Many tow pilots released their charges prematurely, with the result that the British naval forces in the Eastern Task Force saw "the depressing sight of large numbers of gliders floating in the water" at 5 AM on D-day. About 47 gliders met their fate in this way; indeed, only 12 of the 137 gliders landed in the target zone, with the remaining 75 scattered in the southeastern part of the island. Similarly, the American parachutists were dispersed over a 60 mile pattern between Licata and Cap Noto.

In spite of this rather dubious beginning, the Allied airborne troops performed well. A British force of only 8 officers and 65 men held the canal bridge south of Syracuse until 3:30 PM on D-day, and by that time only 4 officers and 15 men had not become casualties. They were just withdrawing when a relief force from the landing forces arrived to drive the enemy away from the bridge, which remained intact. The tiny force of paratroops stayed on to defend the bridge while the British 17th Infantry Brigade, 5th Division, advanced across it. Contemporaneously, the American paratroops held the high ground in the Gela area to prevent enemy reinforcements from reaching the beach, an action credited with speeding the subsequent advance from the beachhead by 48 hours.

Even the widely dispersed paratroop forces gave a good account of themselves. The British 1st Airlanding Brigade, which landed in the southeast, attacked the Italian posts vigorously, thereby disorganizing the beach defenses and reserves. Elements of the U.S. 505th Parachute Regimental Combat Team achieved decisive results. Its 3rd Battalion seized the high ground near Vittoria and held it against German tanks until relieved by the landing forces. The 2nd Battalion captured the town of Marina di Ragusa, making contact with the U.S. 45th Infantry Division on D+1. As a result of these aggressive activities, the 505th RCT captured 20-30,000 Italian prisoners.


Acid Centre (Between Avola and Syracuse)
Force A (ex Force W)
- Rear Admiral Troutbridge on the Amphibious Headquarters Ship HMS Bulolo (F.82)
Hospital Ship HMHS Talamba (43) 8,018 tons Bombed & sunk off Syracuse during the landings. She was Attacked even though fully illuminated and showing red cross markings.

07/10/43 No. 3 Commando (the first British unit to use the title of "Commando") - LtCol. John Durnford-Slater
Nos. 4, 5 and 6 Troops commanded by LtCol. John Durnford-Slater land ahead of the main force near Cassible carry out a successful night attack on an Italian artillery battery without sustaining any losses.
Nos. 1, 2 and 3 Troops commanded by Cpt. Peter Young land at Scoglio Imbiancato unopposed after delays link up with the rest of No. 3 Commando.
No. 3 Commando takes Cassible later that night.
07/14/43 No. 3 Commando abord Landing Ship Infantry (Small) HMS Prince Albert (4.35) 2,938 tons land behind enemy lines in the Bay of Agnone, and capture the Ponte dei Malati bridge. Even though forced to abandon the bridge they prevent its destruction. This allows the 50th (Northumbrian) British Infantry Division to retake the bridge. Due to the heavy losses the bridge is renamed the No. 3 Commando Bridge in their honour.

George Sector - Royal Naval Beach Commando E controlling the George Sector beaches
GREEN Beach
Amber Beach
RED Beach

Under the command of the 5th British Infantry Division - Maj.Gen. Horatio Pettus Mackintosh Berney-Ficklin
32nd Beach Brick (2nd Battalion The Highland Light Infantry, including companies from 3rd batallion 12th Frontier Force Rifles (British Indian Army) and the 32nd Beach Brick RAF Component) - Cassibile (beaches Nos. 45 and 46)

3rd County of London Yeomanry (The Sharpshooters) (part of 4th Armoured Brigade after the landings)

How Sector - Royal Naval Beach Commando C controlling the How Sector beaches.
Red Beach
Amber Beach
GREEN Beach
.

Under the command of the 50th (Northumbrian) British Infantry Division - Maj.Gen. Sidney Chevalier Kirkman
33rd Beach Brick (1st Argyll & Sutherland Highlanders including companies from 3rd batallion 12th Frontier Force Rifles (British Indian Army) and the 33rd Beach Brick RAF Component) - George beach (beach No. 44)
34th Beach Brick (1st Battalion, The Welch Regiment including companies from 3rd batallion 10th Baluch Regiment (British Indian Army) and the 34th Beach Brick RAF Component) - Fox beach north of Reggio de Calabria

44th Royal Tank Regiment (part of 4th Armoured Brigade after the landings)


Jig Sector - Royal Naval Beach Commando F controlling the ‘Jig’ Sector beaches.
Green Beach I
Green Beach II
Amber Beach I
Amber Beach II


British 30th Corps - Lieutenant-General Oliver Leese

Bark East (Marzamemi northeast of Pachino)
Force ‘N’ - Captain Lord Ashbourne, RN in Amphibious Headquarters Ship HMS Hilary

Force ‘N’ sailed from the Middle East as part of Force ‘A’. This force landed in Nan Sector of the Bark East Assault Area.

15 miles to the south at Marzamemi and Sir Oliver Leese's 30th Corps (including the 51st Highland Division) were allotted the southernmost tip of the island south west of Cape Passero.

231st Independent Brigade Group (British) commanded by Brigadier General Robert Elliott "Roy" Urquhart consisted of:
231st (Malta) Infantry Brigade (British) - Brigadier General Robert Elliott "Roy" Urquhart (06/10/43 attached to 51st Highland Infantry Division )
31st Beach Brick (7th Battalion Royal Marines, including companies from 3rd batallion 10th Baluch Regiment (British Indian Army) and the 31st Beach Brick RAF Component)
'B' Squadron, 46th Royal Tank Regiment detached from 23rd Armoured Brigade to 231st Infantry Brigade for landings

Nan Sector - Royal Naval Beach Commando K controlling the Nan Sector beaches.
Amber Beach
Red Beach
Scramble Red Beach


Bark South (Southeast of Pachino)
Force B
- Rear Admiral Rhoderick Robert McGrigor, RN on Amphibious Headquarters Ship HMS Largs 4,504 tons
Force 'B' under Rear-Admiral Rhoderick Robert McGrigor, RN in HMS Largs sailed from Tunisia for Malta on 07/05/43 with the 51st Highland Infantry Division, commanded by Major General Douglas Neil Wimberley. The division disembarked on July 6, 1943 at Valetta where the Division moved into three camps embarking again on July 9, 1943 for the invasion of Sicily.

The Highland Division landed in Queen sector on a four-battalion frontage led by the 154th Brigade. For the landing the brigade was split into two groups, the 154th brigade group landing on the Red beaches and the 1st Gordon Highlanders group landing on the Green beaches.

51st Highland Infantry Division - Maj.Gen. Douglas Neil Wimberley
20th Beach Group (2 Companies 4th Battalion, The Hampshire)
21st Beach Group (2 Companies 4th Battalion, The Hampshire) 81st RAF Component and 82nd RAF Component
50th Royal Tank Regiment detached from 23rd Armoured Brigade to 51st Highland Infantry Division for landings


Queen Sector - Royal Naval Beach Commando M controlling the Queen Sector beaches.
154th Infantry brigade group landed on the Red beaches and consisted of:
1st Black Watch (Old Contemptibles),
7th Black Watch,
7th Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders,
11th Royal Horse Artillery,
50th Royal Tank Regiment (minus two squadrons),
Two companies 1st battalion 7th Middlesex (machine guns),
244th Field Company Royal Engineers,
176th Field Ambulance and other administrative and logistic elements.

Amber Beach
Red Beach III
Red Beach I
Red Beach II

1st Gordon Highlanders group landed on the Green beaches. Their objectives were the Capo Passero Island and the village of Portopalo, a tuna factory, a lighthouse and the ridge beyond dominating the approach to Pachino, these they achieved by 09:00.
1st Gordon Highlanders,
456th Battery Royal Artillery,
One squadron of 50th Royal Tank Regiment,
"C" company 1st battalion 7th Middlesex,
275th Field Company Royal Engineers,
174th field ambulance and other administrative and logistic elements.

Green Beach III
Green Beach IV


Bark West (Southwest of Pachino)
Force V - Rear Admiral Sir Philip Vian on the Amphibious Headquarters Ship HMS Hilary (F.22)
Farther to the west and round the corner of the island was and the
Force ‘V’ was to land the Canadians in the Bark West assault area on the west side of the Pachino Peninsula, on a total front (including that of the two Commandos) of roughly 10,000 yards.

Under command of 1st Canadian Infantry Division landing at Bark West
1st Canadian Division - General Guy Granville Simonds
3rd Beach Group (Pioneer Companies)
4th Beach Group (Pioneer Companies)
No 68 and 69 RAF Beach Units


The 1st and later the 3rd Canadian Infantry Brigades landed in Roger sector.

Sugar Sector
the 2nd Canadian Infantry Brigade landed in Sugar sector with the aid of Royal Naval Beach Commando G.
2nd Canadian Infantry Brigade
The Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry
The Seaforth Highlanders of Canada
The Edmonton Regiment

Red Beach - Royal Naval Beach Commando N - N1 party
"A" Company, The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment

Amber Beach - Royal Naval Beach Commando N - N2 party

GREEN Beach - Royal Naval Beach Commando N - N3 party
The Edmonton Regiment
The Seaforth Highlanders of Canada

1st Canadian Infantry Brigade
The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment
48th Highlanders of Canada
The Royal Canadian Regiment
3rd Canadian Infantry Brigade
The West Nova Scotia Regiment
The Carlton and York Regiment
Royale 22e (Van Doos (corruption of vingt-deux, French for "twenty-two.")) (Canada) Infantry regiment

Roger Sector
12th Canadian Army Tank Regiment (The Three Rivers Regiment (Tank))

Amber Beach

Green Beach II
The Hastings and Prince Edward Regiment (minus "A" Company)
The Royal Canadian Regiment

Green Beach I
48th Highlanders of Canada

Commando Cove - West of Punta Castellazzo - The Royal Marine Commandos landed on the extreme left wing of the Eighth Army.
Special Service Brigade - Lt.Col. Robert Edward "Lucky" Laycock
No. 40 (Forty Commando) Royal Marine Commando
No. 41 (Four One) Royal Marine Commando

In addition a number of special operations were in place. The first was No 3 Commando and the South African Squadron of the SAS to the extreme right near Syracuse. The second involved Nos 40 and 41 Royal Marine Commando, under Laycock, to the left of the Canadians near Pachino. The third was a number of airborne landings, both British and American, to speed up the capture of airfields.





bo -> RE: For the Purists September 9. 1939 (12/22/2015 8:42:39 PM)


quote:

ORIGINAL: Extraneous

Yes for years after I quit the beta I was working trying to get you all ready for the release of MWiF.

I tried to do a guide to how to play the game and help you have at least a naval historical set up.





You quit and they got me,[:(] that was your fault Extraneous, Mwif got the worst of that deal, trully wished you had stayed.

Bo




JeffK -> RE: For the Purists September 9. 1939 (12/22/2015 9:07:54 PM)

Truly amazing.

Minor picky, in your OOB for the Pedestal convoys you have the RN CV's loaded with Fairey Sea Hurricanes, they should be Hawker Sea Hurricanes.







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